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Comparison of caudal block and ilioinguinal block or iliohypogastric block

Ana Maria Menezes Caetano, Gilliatt Hanois Falbo, Luciana Cavalcanti Lima
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postoperative pain increases cost and generates dissatisfaction among parents regarding to the analgesics prescribed to their children. Ropivacaine has a broad safety margin to be used for regional block in pediatric patients. The aim of this study was to compare caudal epidural block (CE) with ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve block (IINB) and infiltration of surgical wound (ISW) with ropivacaine for postoperative analgesia in children. METHODS: Eighty-seven children, all males, ages 1 to 5, who underwent elective unilateral inguinal herniorrhaphy participated in this study...
December 2006: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
G Ivani, A Conio, P De Negri, S Eksborg, P A Lönnqvist
BACKGROUND: The adjunctive use of clonidine to local anaesthetics has been reported to enhance analgesia both after spinal and peripheral administration. However, no attempt has been made to compare spinal and peripheral application of clonidine in the same surgical context in order to further explore the mechanism for the analgesic action of clonidine when administered together with local anaesthetics. METHODS: Using a prospective, randomized, observer-blinded study design, 40 patients, aged 1-7 years, who were undergoing elective surgery for inguinal hernia repair or orchidopexy, were randomly allocated to receive either a caudal block (group C: n = 20; ropivacaine 0...
October 2002: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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