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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944632/-student-pursuing-a-bachelor-of-science-in-nursing-160-between-process-of-professionalization-and-professional-development-in-swiss-and-belgien
#1
Myriam Graber, Veronique Haberey-Knuessi
The predictable shortage of nursing staff, in Switzerland as in the rest of Europe, continues to highlight a recurring problem for public health policy. The issue here is not just questions about the care and treatment of patients or the quality of such care, but also about the conditions necessary for adequate staff recruitment and the long-term professional engagement of health care personnel. Training in nursing care at the Universities of Applied Science of Western Switzerland is also indirectly concerned by rationalisation measures currently in force in the public Activé par Editorial Manager® et Preprint Manager® appartenant à Aries Systems Corporation health sector...
April 19, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943981/assessment-of-health-seeking-behaviour-and-self-medication-among-general-public-in-the-state-of-penang-malaysia
#2
Omar T Dawood, Mohamed A Hassali, Fahad Saleem, Inas R Ibrahim, Aseel H Abdulameer, Hanan H Jasim
BACKGROUND: Patients' behaviour in making decisions regarding health is currently changing from passive recipients to recipients who play an active role in taking action to control their health and taking self-care initiatives. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the health seeking behaviour among general public and its associated factors; and to evaluate the medicine taking behaviour in public and the practice of self-medication. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken among general public in Penang Island, Malaysia...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937659/assessing-the-allocation-of-special-elderly-nursing-homes-in-tokyo-japan
#3
Ninglong You, Zhenjiang Shen, Tatsuya Nishino
Social welfare and public health departments require reliable assessments to enhance the rationality of phased construction of special elderly nursing homes (SENHs). This paper aims to assess the allocation of SENHs based on a beds-needed index for SENHs (BNIS). This may help departments determine the priority for approving locations of SENHs more accurately with a limited budget. Traditional assessments in Tokyo use the sphere of welfare, ward, and sphere of daily life as spatial units for estimating beds-to-elderly population ratios...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936948/control-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-by-defined-microbial-communities
#4
James Collins, Jennifer M Auchtung
Each year in the United States, billions of dollars are spent combating almost half a million Clostridium difficile infections (CDIs) and trying to reduce the ∼29,000 patient deaths in which C. difficile has an attributed role. In Europe, disease prevalence varies by country and level of surveillance, though yearly costs are estimated at €3 billion. One factor contributing to the significant health care burden of C. difficile is the relatively high frequency of recurrent CDIs. Recurrent CDI, i.e., a second episode of symptomatic CDI occurring within 8 weeks of successful initial CDI treatment, occurs in ∼25% of patients, with 35 to 65% of these patients experiencing multiple episodes of recurrent disease...
September 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932314/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-treatment-acute-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-clinic-of-vascular-surgery-sarajevo
#5
Haris Vukas, Samra Kadić-Vukas, Adis Salihbegović, Muhamed Djedović, Dragan Totić, Haris Vranić, Amel Hadžimehmedagić
AIM: To compare hospital costs of acute deep vein thrombosis (ADVT) treatment in two periods of time. Evidence of repercussions on reducing costs during successful treatment. Attention was given to the necessity, costs and effectiveness of diagnostic procedures, treatment and complications. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data obtained from patients medical history in a period from 2000 to 2016. Model management and safe practice of ADVT care consisted of clinical examination, laboratory, colour Doppler and invasive diagnostics...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929676/-understanding-and-development-strategy-of-health-food-containing-chinese-materia-medica
#6
REVIEW
Lin-Yuan Wang, Jian-Jun Zhang, Chun Wang, Jing-Xia Wang, Ying-Li Zhu, Jia Wang, Xue-Min Gao
Health food containing Chinese materia medica (CMM) conforms to the development demands of the age of big health and the theory of preventive treatment. In the view of health care and improvement of resisting diseases, it plays an important role in the market. It is very necessary to have further study and discussion on health food containing CMM. First of all, by comparing, analyzing and summarizing, the health food containing CMM could be defined as the health food which is qualified in security and functionality evaluation, with the traditional Chinese medicines(TCM) within TCM standards as the main raw materials, and the formulation-composition is based on the theory of TCM...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926310/coronary-ct-angiography-derived-fractional-flow-reserve
#7
Christian Tesche, Carlo N De Cecco, Moritz H Albrecht, Taylor M Duguay, Richard R Bayer, Sheldon E Litwin, Daniel H Steinberg, U Joseph Schoepf
Invasive coronary angiography (ICA) with measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR) by means of a pressure wire technique is the established reference standard for the functional assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD) ( 1 , 2 ). Coronary computed tomographic (CT) angiography has emerged as a noninvasive method for direct assessment of CAD and plaque characterization with high diagnostic accuracy compared with ICA ( 3 , 4 ). However, the solely anatomic assessment provided with both coronary CT angiography and ICA has poor discriminatory power for ischemia-inducing lesions...
October 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924295/management-of-thyroid-disorders-in-pregnancy-recommendations-made-simple
#8
Bharti Kalra, Kanishka Sawhney, Sanjay Kalra
This review covers the current American Thyroid Association recommendations on diagnosis and management of thyroid disease during pregnancy and the postpartum period. It lists the recommendations in a reader-friendly way, and facilitates rational therapy of thyroid disorders, in relation to obstetric health, at the primary care level.
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922959/compliance-to-the-primary-health-care-treatment-guidelines-and-the-essential-medicines-list-in-the-management-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-correctional-centres-in-south-africa-findings-and-implications
#9
Tammy B Matsitse, Elvera Helberg, Johanna C Meyer, Brian Godman, Amos Massele, Natalie Schellack
BACKGROUND: The emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global concern and a growing health crisis. Additionally, evidence has shown that non-compliance to treatment guidelines, especially in the management of communicable diseases such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs), has the potential of further enhancing AMR rates. Data on the extent of these challenges in Primary Health Care (PHC) facilities in correctional centres in South Africa (SA) is limited. Hence this study was conducted to determine the level of compliance with the 2008 PHC Standard Treatment Guidelines and Essential Medicines List (PHC STGs/EML) in the management of STIs, and to identify potential factors contributing to the compliance and non-compliance to guide future strategies...
September 19, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919592/the-study-on-the-lives-and-health-conditions-of-internees-in-santo-thomas-camp-of-philippines-based-on-mcanlis-s-the-war-in-manila-1941-1945
#10
Jueyeon Lee, Youngsoo Cho
When Japan invaded the Philippines, two missionary dentists (Dr. McAnlis and Dr. Boots) who were forced to leave Korea were captured and interned in the Santo Thomas camp in Manila. Japan continued to bombard and plunder the Philippines in the wake of the Pacific War following the Great East Asia policy, leading to serious inflation and material deficiency. More than 4,000 Allied citizens held in Santo Thomas camp without basic food and shelter. Santo Thomas Camp was equipped with the systems of the Japanese military medical officers and Western doctors of captivity based on the Geneva Conventions(1929)...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901604/are-children-rational-decision-makers-when-they-are-asked-to-value-their-own-health-a-contingent-valuation-study-conducted-with-children-and-their-parents
#11
Carla Guerriero, John Cairns, Fabrizio Bianchi, Liliana Cori
Despite the importance of including children's preferences in the valuation of their own health benefits, no study has investigated the ability of children to understand willingness-to-pay (WTP) questions. Using a contingent valuation method, we elicit children's and parents' WTP to reduce children's risk of an asthma attack. Our results suggest that children are able to understand and value their own health risk reductions, and their ability to do so improves with age. Child age was found to be inversely related to parents' and children's WTP...
September 13, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901599/balancing-bioethics-by-sensing-the-aesthetic
#12
Paul Macneill
This article is critical of "bioethics" as it is widely understood and taught, noting in particular an emphasis given to philosophical justification, reason and rationality. It is proposed that "balancing" bioethics be achieved by giving greater weight to practice and the aesthetic: Defined in terms of sensory perception, emotion and feeling. Each of those three elements is elaborated as a non-cognitive capacity and, when taken together, comprise aesthetic sensitivity and responsiveness. This is to recognise the aesthetic as a productive element in bioethics as practice...
October 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899379/spatial-models-for-the-rational-allocation-of-routinely-distributed-bed-nets-to-public-health-facilities-in-western-kenya
#13
Peter M Macharia, Patroba A Odera, Robert W Snow, Abdisalan M Noor
BACKGROUND: In high to moderate malaria transmission areas of Kenya, long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are provided free of charge to pregnant women and infants during routine antenatal care (ANC) and immunization respectively. Quantities of LLINs distributed to clinics are quantified based on a combination of monthly consumption data and population size of target counties. However, this approach has been shown to lead to stock-outs in targeted clinics. In this study, a novel LLINs need quantification approach for clinics in the routine distribution system was developed...
September 12, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894072/-a-concept-analysis-of-uncertainty-in-epilepsy
#14
Juna Lee, Insook Lee
PURPOSE: This concept analysis was done to clarify 'uncertainty in epilepsy'. METHODS: Walker and Avant's methodology guided the analysis. In addition, the concept was compared with uncertainty in other health problems. RESULTS: 'Uncertainty in epilepsy' was defined as being in the condition as seen from the epilepsy experience where cues were difficult to understand because they changed, were in discord with past ones, or they had two or more contradictory values at the same time...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887186/to-test-or-not-to-test-laboratory-support-for-the-diagnosis-of-lyme-borreliosis
#15
REVIEW
Ram B Dessau, Alje P van Dam, Volker Fingerle, Jeremy Gray, Joppe Hovius, Klaus-Peter Hunfeld, Benoit Jaulhac, Olaf Kahl, Wolfgang Kristoferitsch, Per-Eric Lindgren, Mateusz Markowicz, Sally Mavin, Katharina Ornstein, Tobias Rupprecht, Gerold Stanek, Franc Strle
BACKGROUND: Lyme borreliosis (LB) is a tick-borne infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato. The most frequent clinical manifestations are erythema migrans and Lyme neuroborreliosis. Currently, a large volume of diagnostic testing for Lyme borreliosis is reported, whereas the incidence of clinically relevant disease manifestations is low. This indicates overuse of diagnostic testing for LB with implications for patient care and cost effective health management. AIM: The recommendations provided in this review are intended to support both the clinical diagnosis and initiatives for a more rational use of laboratory testing in patients with clinically suspected Lyme borreliosis...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852629/essential-medicine-utilization-and-situation-in-selected-ten-developing-countries-a-compendious-audit
#16
REVIEW
Mainul Haque
Medicine improves the quality of life and increases mean age of human beings as it fights against diseases. Accessibility to medicines is the fundamental right of every person. The principle of the essential medicines (EMs) is that a limited number of availability of medicine will promote to a better supply chain and rational prescribing to the rural and remote health centers for any developing countries. Furthermore, it was also expected that this concept will also ensure better procurement policy at lower costs, more in amount, with easier storage...
July 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846018/investigating-the-effect-of-syrian-refugees-on-the-pharmaceutical-sector-in-jordan
#17
Amirah Daher, Ibrahim Alabbadi
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Syrian refugees on the pharmaceutical sector in Jordan. Based on a standardized methodology developed by the WHO, Level II Facility (2009) structured questionnaires (including: medicine access [availability, affordability and geographical accessibility], quality, and rational use of medicines) were used to investigate the effect of Syrian refugees influx on the pharmaceutical sector in Jordan. Lists of essential medicines (N = 50) were included in the survey forms...
August 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836365/use-of-antidepressants-in-dentistry-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
P A Lino, C C Martins, Gfpc Miranda, M E de Souza E Silva, Mhng de Abreu
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has suggested that antidepressants can be used in oral health care. The aim of this systematic review was to search for scientific evidence of the efficacy of the use of antidepressants in dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical question was as follows (PICO question): dentistry patients (Patients); antidepressants (Intervention); no use or placebo or other drug (Comparison); and efficacy in oral health problems (Outcome). An electronic search was conducted in seven databases, as well as a manual search without restriction regarding language and date of publication...
August 24, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832853/assessment-of-pharmaceutical-services-in-a-southern-brazilian-city
#19
Raqueli Altamiranda Bittencourt, Marysabel Pinto Telis Silveira, Marília Cruz Guttier, Fernanda Fernandes Miranda, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
Introduction: Well-planned and executed pharmaceutical services (PS) are important for proper treatment of the population's health needs, thus enabling the access to essential drugs and promoting their rational use. Objective: To assess the situation of PS in the city of Uruguaiana (State of Rio Grande do Sul), Brazil. Methods: This cross-sectional study was applied to 650 interviews between June and September of 2013 in 11 Basic Health Units (UBS) and in the Main Pharmacy of the city...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832754/estimated-costs-of-advanced-lung-cancer-care-in-a-public-reference-hospital
#20
Renata Erthal Knust, Margareth Crisóstomo Portela, Claudia Cristina de Aguiar Pereira, Guilherme Bastos Fortes
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the direct medical costs of advanced non-small cell lung cancer care. METHODS: We assessed a cohort of 277 patients treated in the Brazilian National Cancer Institute in 2011. The costs were estimated from the perspective of the hospital as a service provider of reference for the Brazilian Unified Health System. The materials and procedures used were identified and quantified, per patient, and we assigned to them monetary values, consolidated in phases of the assistance defined...
August 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
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