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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793190/comparative-hazards-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-among-hospitalized-patients-with-methamphetamine-or-cocaine-use-disorders-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Russell C Callaghan, Montana Halliday, Jodi Gatley, Jenna Sykes, Lawren Taylor, Claire Benny, Stephen J Kish
BACKGROUND: It is assumed that recreational use of methamphetamine can trigger acute myocardial infarction (AMI) events, but estimates of longitudinal hazards of AMI among methamphetamine users are lacking. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study: Competing-risks analysis was used to estimate time-to-AMI patterns in methamphetamine versus matched appendicitis (population-proxy) and matched cocaine (drug-control) groups. Cohorts were propensity-score-matched using demographic and clinical variables...
April 26, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792523/personality-homophily-and-geographic-distance-in-facebook
#2
Nyala Noë, Roger M Whitaker, Stuart M Allen
Personality homophily remains an understudied aspect of social networks, with the traditional focus concerning sociodemographic variables as the basis for assortativity, rather than psychological dispositions. We consider the effect of personality homophily on one of the biggest constraints to human social networks: geographic distance. We use the Big five model of personality to make predictions for each of the five facets: Openness to experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism...
May 24, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792484/-a-threat-on-the-ground-the-consequences-of-witnessing-stereotype-confirming-ingroup-members-in-interracial-interactions
#3
Valerie Jones Taylor, Randi L Garcia, J Nicole Shelton, Caitlyn Yantis
OBJECTIVES: Three studies explored interpersonal consequences of engaging in interracial interactions after witnessing racial ingroup members' stereotypical behavior. METHOD: Study 1 used experience-sampling methodology to assess ethnic minority students' (n = 119) intergroup anxiety, metastereotypes, and anticipatory behaviors following one of three types of interpersonal interactions: (a) a White person and a racial ingroup member who had behaved stereotypically, (b) a White person and a nonstereotypical ingroup member, or (c) neither...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792296/-it-s-totally-okay-to-be-sad-but-never-lose-hope-content-analysis-of-infertility-related-videos-on-youtube-in-relation-to-viewer-preferences
#4
Margot Kelly-Hedrick, Paul H Grunberg, Felicia Brochu, Phyllis Zelkowitz
BACKGROUND: Infertility patients frequently use the internet to find fertility-related information and support from people in similar circumstances. YouTube is increasingly used as a source of health-related information and may influence health decision making. There have been no studies examining the content of infertility-related videos on YouTube. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to (1) describe the content of highly viewed videos on YouTube related to infertility and (2) identify video characteristics that relate to viewer preference...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792172/oral-health-and-orofacial-pain-in-people-with-dementia-admitted-to-acute-hospital-wards-observational-cohort-study
#5
Liza J M van de Rijt, Roxane A F Weijenberg, Alexandra R Feast, Victoria Vickerstaff, Frank Lobbezoo, Elizabeth L Sampson
BACKGROUND: Orofacial pain in people with dementia is difficult to detect, and often under-treated. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of orofacial pain in people with dementia in acute hospitals in the UK. Secondary aims were to examine oral health status and explore associations between orofacial pain and oral health factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study was carried out in two UK hospitals. Using the Orofacial Pain Scale in Non-Verbal Individuals (OPS-NVI) to identify orofacial pain, 101 participants with dementia, admitted to acute medical wards, were observed for at least 3 min during rest and chewing...
May 23, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791890/a-robust-and-non-invertible-fingerprint-template-for-fingerprint-matching-system
#6
Amit Kumar Trivedi, Dalton Meitei Thounaojam, Shyamosree Pal
Fingerprint Recognition System is widely deployed in variety of application domain, ranging from forensic to mobile phones. Its widespread deployment in various applications were person authentication are required, has caused concern that a leaked fingerprint template may be used to reconstruct the original fingerprint and the reconstructed fingerprint can be used to circumvent all the applications the person is enrolled. In this paper, a non-invertible fingerprint template that stores only the relative geometric information about the minutiae points is proposed...
May 20, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791765/resources-for-work-related-well-being-a-qualitative-study-about-healthcare-employees-experiences-of-relationships-at-work
#7
Sophie Schön Persson, Petra Nilsson Lindström, Pär Pettersson, Marie Nilsson, Kerstin Blomqvist
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore municipal healthcare employees' experiences of relationships with care recipients and colleagues. The specific research questions were when do the relationships enhance well-being, and what prerequisites are needed for such relationships to occur?. BACKGROUND: Employees in health and social care for older people often depict their work in negative terms, and they often take a high number of sick leaves. Despite the heavy workload, other employees express well-being at work and highlight social relationships as one reason for this...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791643/conversation-map-an-educational-strategy-in-the-care-of-elderly-people-with-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Silvana Linhares de Carvalho, Marília Araripe Ferreira, Juliana Mineu Pereira Medeiros, Anne Caroline Ferreira Queiroga, Tatiana Rebouças Moreira, Francisca Diana da Silva Negreiros
OBJECTIVE: To report the experience of using diabetes conversation maps as an educational strategy for diabetic elderly people. METHOD: Experience report, conducted from July to December 2016 in a specialized outpatient clinic for diabetics, in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. A total of 72 users participated, between diabetics and those accompanying them. RESULTS: The participants talked about issues that were not addressed in personal consultations, and could see themselves through the stories of others, thus realizing they were not alone and that others also experienced the same difficulties as them...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791490/potential-technique-for-improving-the-survival-of-victims-of-tsunamis
#9
Akane Kurisu, Hisami Suga, Zdenek Prochazka, Kojiro Suzuki, Kazumasa Oguri, Tetsunori Inoue
We investigated a method for surviving tsunamis that involved the use of personal flotation devices (PFDs). In our work, we succeeded in numerically demonstrating that the heads of all the dummies wearing PFDs remained on the surface and were not dragged underwater after the artificial tsunami wave hit them. In contrast, the heads of all the dummies not wearing PFDs were drawn underwater immediately; these dummies were subsequently entrapped in a vortex. The results of our series of experiments are important as a first step to preventing the tragedies caused by tsunamis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791264/the-economic-problem-of-candidacy
#10
Susan E Barbour
Candidates frequently accept one or multiple low-fee cases as part of their training experience. Although the practical and unconscious meanings of the formerly taboo topic of money have recently been discussed in the literature, the candidate's experience in regard to the fee is rarely discussed. The author argues that the candidate is positioned to face a Gordian knot of personal, training, and clinical intensity in the duration of training that impacts casework. This paper discusses two prototypical characterological constellations related to the fee...
June 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791244/the-need-for-mapping-personal-goals-to-exercise-dosage-in-community-based-exercise-programs-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Allison L Amateis, Chelsea L Boesel, Bryan P Ehnert, Abby S Evans, Katheryn E Hurst, Katie L Marek, Amanda C Sullivan, Kathryn R Zalewski, Wendy E Huddleston
PURPOSE: Community-based exercise can support long-term management of Parkinson's disease, although it is not known if personal goals are met in these programs. The objectives of this study were to: (1) examine the goals of community based exercise programs from the participant and instructor perspectives; (2) establish the extent to which these programs meet self-described exercise outcomes; and (3) explore participant and instructor perspectives on barriers to meeting exercise expectations...
May 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791058/gene-flow-does-not-prevent-personality-and-morphological-differentiation-between-two-blue-tit-populations
#12
Gabrielle Dubuc-Messier, Samuel P Caro, Charles Perrier, Kees van Oers, Denis Réale, Anne Charmantier
Understanding the causes and consequences of population phenotypic divergence is a central goal in ecology and evolution. Phenotypic divergence among populations can result from genetic divergence, phenotypic plasticity or a combination of the two. However, few studies have deciphered these mechanisms for populations geographically close and connected by gene flow, especially in the case of personality traits. In this study, we used a common garden experiment to explore the genetic basis of the phenotypic divergence observed between two blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) populations inhabiting contrasting habitats separated by 25 km, for two personality traits (exploration speed and handling aggression), one physiological trait (heart rate during restraint) and two morphological traits (tarsus length and body mass)...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791005/no-one-left-behind-postevent-experiences-of-differently-abled-individuals-in-denmark
#13
Adnan Todorovac, Louise Damsbo Simonsen, Ask Elklit
PURPOSE: This descriptive study explored barriers and difficulties faced by individuals with a physical disability (IPD) in Denmark in situations of disaster and in everyday problems. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 12 IPD who had experienced a possible traumatic event. Due to a lack of participants who experienced a traumatic event, the authors expanded their recruitment strategy to include IPD, who had experienced other critical situations (eg, accidents and personal crises)...
March 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791004/stories-after-disaster-survival-preparing-heeding-warnings-and-self-reliance
#14
Timothy S Killian, Zola K Moon, Charleen C McNeill, Joanna Person-Michener, M E Betsy Garrison
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to examine the content of stories told by people personally impacted by disasters. DESIGN: Semistructured, qualitative interviews. SETTING: Northwest part of a mid-south state. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen disaster survivors who were recruited through their attendance at an emergency preparedness-related fair. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Interview schedule based on previous research using the family resilience framework...
March 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790805/climbing-the-ladder-from-neuron-to-brain-in-harold-atwood-s-laboratory
#15
J Martin Wojtowicz
Twenty years spent in one laboratory is sufficient to build a legacy of publications and a body of work to make an impact. However, the impact of our work was highest at the personal level, and time spent in Harold Atwood's laboratory was not a culmination of my career but rather a crucial path toward learning and maturing as a researcher. During that time, I experienced discoveries and lessons that shaped the next steps of my career. This article is written in gratitude for wonderful experiences and describes a few highlights that were especially memorable and influential...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Neurogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790483/the-effect-of-changing-one-s-country-of-residence-on-the-decision-to-become-an-organ-donor-the-experience-of-religious-immigrant-women-living-in-sweden
#16
Ferid Krupić, Sahmir Šadić, Svemir Čustović, Mahir Jašarević, Mirsad Fazlić, Kristian Samuelsson
Aim To explore and elucidate women's knowledge of and willingness to take part in organ donation, and to explore if their opinions were changed by coming to Sweden. Methods The study was designed as a qualitative study using data from interviews with women from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Croatia and Kosovo. The inclusion criteria were women who were immigrants in Sweden and have lived in Sweden for more than 10 years. Five groups including forty-five women were invited to participate in the study and 39 agreed...
August 1, 2018: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790326/-the-quality-of-life-as-perceived-by-older-people-results-of-a-phenomenological-study
#17
Silvia Grosso, Elisa Ambrosi, Carla Benagli, Luigina Mortari, Federica Canzan
INTRODUCTION: Elderly Quality of life (QoL) is vulnerable because of the decline in physical and mental capacity, discharge from work, rupture of the family and isolation. Many QoL Scales are made for adults: there is little research investigating how older people perceive QOL. AIM: This study aims to explore and understand the perceptions that older people have about their QOL. METHOD: A qualitative research hermeneutics-phenomenological was done...
January 2018: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790218/lost-in-transition-finding-a-path-forward-for-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#18
L Laffel
In this issue of Diabetic Medicine, Kellett and colleagues describe the experiences of young persons with Type 1 diabetes in the UK as their needs and self-care efforts for diabetes management evolve during the university years [1]. In the 21st century, the topic of transitions in care for young people with various chronic diseases, in general, and with Type 1 diabetes, in particular, has become a popular and appealing area for cross-sectional, observational and interventional research globally [2]. Similarly, a number of national and international organizations have published clinical guidelines related to transition, although many of the clinical recommendations are based upon expert consensus rather than empirical data [3-7]...
May 23, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790145/-nursing-experience-of-using-mirror-visual-feedback-for-a-schizophrenia-patient-with-visual-hallucinations
#19
Shu-Ling Lan, Yu-Chi Chen, Hsiu-Ju Chang
The aim of this paper was to describe the nursing application of mirror visual feedback in a patient suffering from long-term visual hallucinations. The intervention period was from May 15th to October 19th, 2015. Using the five facets of psychiatric nursing assessment, several health problems were observed, including disturbed sensory perceptions (prominent visual hallucinations) and poor self-care (e.g. limited abilities to self-bathe and put on clothing). Furthermore, "caregiver role strain" due to the related intense care burden was noted...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790138/-the-relationship-between-fatigue-and-uncertainty-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#20
Wan-Ju Lin, Hui-Man Huang, Fan-Ko Sun
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis is a chronic, progressive, and currently incurable disease. Cirrhotic patients often experience uncertainty due to poor control of symptoms and disease recurrence. Although fatigue is a common symptom in patients with liver cirrhosis, this symptom is often ignored by healthcare professionals due to the lack of efficacious treatment options. Improper management of fatigue may trigger greater uncertainty and affect adaptation success. PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between fatigue and uncertainty and the factors that respectively relate to these two concepts in liver cirrhosis patients...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
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