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skin test concentration

Gabor Nagy, Viktoria Baksa, Alexandra Kiss, Melinda Turani, Gaspar Banfalvi
The toxicity of gadolinium is reduced by chelating agents that render this heavy metal into contrast complexes used for medical magnetic resonance imaging. However, the dissociation of gadolinium chelates is known to generate Gd(3+) ions, the cellular toxicity of which has not been tested in details. The cytotoxic effects of Gd(III) ions were evaluated by monitoring the proliferation, measuring the cellular motility and following chromatin changes in various cell lines upon Gd(3+) treatment. Measurements applied long-term scanning microscopy and a perfusion platform that replaced the medium with test solutions, bypassed physical contact with the cell culture during experiments, and provided uninterrupted high time-resolution time-lapse photomicrography for an extended period of time...
October 22, 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
Arián Ráez-Bravo, José Enrique Granados, Emmanuel Serrano, Debora Dellamaria, Rosa Casais, Luca Rossi, Anna Puigdemont, Francisco Javier Cano-Manuel, Paulino Fandos, Jesús María Pérez, José Espinosa, Ramón Casimiro Soriguer, Carlo Citterio, Jorge Ramón López-Olvera
BACKGROUND: Sarcoptic mange is a contagious skin disease caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei, affecting different mammalian species worldwide including the Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica), in which mortalities over 90 % of the population have been reported. No efficient diagnostic methods are available for this disease, particularly when there are low mite numbers and mild or no clinical signs. In this study, three enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) developed for dog (ELISA A), Cantabrian chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica parva) (ELISA B) and Alpine chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) (ELISA C), were evaluated to detect specific antibodies (IgG) to sarcoptic mange in Iberian ibex sera...
October 21, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
Jennifer Hennen, Brunhilde Blömeke
In vitro approaches address key steps of chemical-induced skin sensitization but there is uncertainty how keratinocytes, which play a crucial role not only regarding xenobiotic metabolism but also skin inflammation, impact on chemicals' potential and potency of dendritic cell activation. We investigated these aspects by coculturing THP-1 cells, as surrogate dendritic cells, with HaCaT keratinocytes. We tested our HaCaT/THP-1 model with a set of 14 sensitizers, containing 7 prohaptens, and 10 non-sensitizers...
October 21, 2016: ALTEX
Matthijs T W Veltmeijer, Dineke Veeneman, Coen C C W Bongers, Mihai G Netea, Jos W van der Meer, Thijs M H Eijsvogels, Maria T E Hopman
PURPOSE: Exercise increases core body temperature (TC) due to metabolic heat production. However, the exercise-induced release of inflammatory cytokines including interleukin-6 may also contribute to the rise in TC by increasing the hypothalamic temperature setpoint. We aimed to investigate whether the exercise-induced increase in TC is partly caused by an altered hypothalamic temperature setpoint. METHODS: 15 healthy, active male subjects aged 36±14 years were recruited...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
L Chen, D L Wang, Z R Wei, B Wang, J P Qi, G F Sun
Objective: To investigate the effects of local transplantation of autologous adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) on the formation of hyperplastic scar on rabbit ears. Methods: ADSCs were isolated from inguinal fat of six New Zealand rabbits and then sub-cultured. ADSCs of the third passage of each rabbit were used in the following experiments. Six full-thickness skin defect wounds with diameter of 6 mm on the ventral surface of every rabbit ear were made. Wound healing and local-tissue proliferation were observed, and complete epithelization time of wounds and formation time of hyperplastic scar were recorded...
October 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Hosana G Rodrigues, Marco A R Vinolo, Fabio T Sato, Juliana Magdalon, Carolina M C Kuhl, Ana S Yamagata, Ana Flávia M Pessoa, Gabriella Malheiros, Marinilce F Dos Santos, Camila Lima, Sandra H Farsky, Niels O S Camara, Maria R Williner, Claudio A Bernal, Philip C Calder, Rui Curi
INTRODUCTION: Impaired wound healing has been widely reported in diabetes. Linoleic acid (LA) accelerates the skin wound healing process in non-diabetic rats. However, LA has not been tested in diabetic animals. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether oral administration of pure LA improves wound healing in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. METHODS: Dorsal wounds were induced in streptozotocin-induced type-1 diabetic rats treated or not with LA (0...
2016: PloS One
Meenakshi Narayanan, P Sekar, M Pasupathi, T Mukhopadhyay
OBJECTIVE: As questions on the safety of some popular preservatives are on the rise, there is a growing interest in developing 'Self Preserving' personal care products. Use of Multi-functional ingredients / actives with antimicrobial properties has been explored as replacements for conventional preservatives. This paper explores the use of combinations of multi-functional actives (MFA) and other cosmetic ingredients in various personal care formulations, to deliver microbiologically safe self-preserving products...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
B S Wang, H Y Yang, Y Han
Objective: To determine the effects of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) on the survival rate of flaps by transplanting ADSCs into the experimental flaps pre-operatively. Methods: ADSCs were isolated from fresh human fat and cultured in vitro. Their morphological characters were observed, and flowcytometry and differentiation test and evaluation were conducted. A total of 40 BALB/c mice were divided into 5 groups randomly with each of 8 mice. 1 cm×4 cm random skin flap was designed on the mice back, ADSCs were injected in advance into subcutaneous tissues of 3 groups, the operation was performed on the 2(nd,) 5(th) and 7(th) day after the ADSCs injection, meanwhile skin flap operation was conducted in the immediate injection group and control group...
September 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Adolfo Paolin, Diletta Trojan, Antonio Carniato, Fabio Tasca, Ervino Massarin, Alessandro Tugnoli, Elisa Cogliati
Bacterial contamination of tissues retrieved from cadaveric donors is a common feature worldwide, and every tissue bank, albeit using different methods, conducts decontamination to guarantee safe tissues suitable for clinical use. The effectiveness of the methods used to eradicate pathogens differs. In order to reduce the tissue bioburden at retrieval, we have introduced a new method involving rinsing tissues in a sodium hypochlorite solution. To test its effectiveness we analyzed two comparable groups of tissues: Group A: 1881 tissues, all rinsed with isotonic saline solution after retrieval, and Group B: 1968 tissues immersed in an isotonic saline solution containing sodium hypochlorite (final concentration 0...
October 18, 2016: Cell and Tissue Banking
Keelara Shivalingaiah Savitha, Radhika Dhanpal, J Shilpa
BACKGROUND: Multimodal analgesia (MMA) by synergy with volatile anesthetics minimizes their use thus decreasing operation theater pollution and greenhouse gas emission. AIMS: To estimate minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) requirement of isoflurane (ISO) for skin incision with use of MMA in the study group versus conventional regime in the control group for a constant bispectral index (BIS). To observe the side effects of analgesic drugs administered in the study...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
D O Andrey, P François, C Manzano, E J Bonetti, S Harbarth, J Schrenzel, W L Kelley, A Renzoni
Ceftaroline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic with activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains. Ceftaroline susceptibility of an MRSA set archived between 1994 and 2003 in the Geneva University Hospitals detected a high percentage (66 %) of ceftaroline resistance in clonotypes ST228 and ST247 and correlated with mutations in PBP2a. The ceftaroline mechanism of action is based on the inhibition of PBP2a; thus, the identification of PBP2a mutations of recently circulating clonotypes in our institution was investigated...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Mohammad Charehsaz, Rengin Reis, Sinem Helvacioglu, Hande Sipahi, Etil Guzelmeric, Ebru Turkoz Acar, Gamze Cicek, Erdem Yesilada, Ahmet Aydin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Styrax liquidus is a resinous exudate (balsam) obtained from the wounded trunk of the Liquidambar orientalis Mill. (Hamamelidaceae). Styrax has been used for treatment of various ailments in Turkish folk medicine such as skin problems, peptic ulcers, nocturnal enuresis, parasitic infections, antiseptic or as expectorant. AIM OF STUDY: In spite of frequent use of styrax in Turkish folk medicine as well as once as a stabilizer in perfumery industry, negative reports have been noticed by the international authority for restriction its use based on some limited evidences from an in vitro study...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Usha Gowda, Thilanga Ruwanpathirana, David P S Fong, Ambika Kaur, Andre M N Renzaho
BACKGROUND: Higher dose of vitamin D supplementation 50000 IU is required for those whose serum 25(OH)D levels are 50 nmol/L and below. The increment in serum 25(OH)D though not significantly affected by race, sex or age it is negatively correlated to the baseline 25(OH)D concentration. This study investigated whether the mean increase in serum 25(OH)D will be higher among participants with lower baseline 25(OH)D levels and whether the duration of supplementation has an influence on the serum 25(OH)D achieved...
October 13, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
K V Firsov, A S Kotov
Fabry disease (Anderson-Fabry disease) is an X-linked recessive lysosomal storage disorder resulting from deficient activity of lysosomal hydrolase, alpha-galactosidase A (alpha-Gal A), which leads to progressive accumulation of globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) in various cells, predominantly endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells, with clinical manifestations affecting major organs including the central nervous system. Manifestations of Fabry disease include progressive renal and cardiac insufficiency, neuropathic pain, stroke and cerebral disease, skin and gastrointestinal symptoms...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Jonas Kottmann, Julien M Rey, Markus W Sigrist
Diabetes mellitus is a widespread metabolic disease without cure. Great efforts are being made to develop a non-invasive monitoring of the blood glucose level. Various attempts have been made, including a number of non-optical approaches as well as optical techniques involving visible, near- and mid-infrared light. However, no true breakthrough has been achieved so far, i.e., there is no fully non-invasive monitoring device available. Here we present a new study based on mid-infrared spectroscopy and photoacoustic detection...
October 10, 2016: Sensors
Anna Wajs-Bonikowska, Łukasz Szoka, Ewa Karna, Anna Wiktorowska-Owczarek, Monika Sienkiewicz
The increasing consumption of natural products lead us to discover and study new plant materials, such as conifer seeds and cones, which could be easily available from the forest industry as a waste material, for their potential uses. The chemical composition of the essential oils of Picea pungens and Picea orientalis was fully characterized by GC and GC-MS methods. Seed and cone oils of both tree species were composed mainly of monoterpene hydrocarbons, among which limonene, α- and β-pinene were the major, but in different proportions in the examined conifer essential oils...
October 13, 2016: Chemistry & Biodiversity
E Peel, Y Cheng, J T Djordjevic, S Fox, T C Sorrell, K Belov
Tasmanian devil joeys, like other marsupials, are born at a very early stage of development, prior to the development of their adaptive immune system, yet survive in a pathogen-laden pouch and burrow. Antimicrobial peptides, called cathelicidins, which provide innate immune protection during early life, are expressed in the pouch lining, skin and milk of devil dams. These peptides are active against pathogens identified in the pouch microbiome. Of the six characterised cathelicidins, Saha-CATH5 and 6 have broad-spectrum antibacterial activity and are capable of killing problematic human pathogens including methicillin-resistant S...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Alfonso Prado-Cabrero, Stephen Beatty, Jim Stack, Alan Howard, John M Nolan
In our previous work we identified the presence of meso-zeaxanthin [(3R,3'S)-zeaxanthin] in trout flesh and skin (Nolan et al., 2014), but were not able to quantify this carotenoid with the method used at that time. In the present study, we developed a protocol that allows for the quantification of lutein and the three stereoisomers of zeaxanthin [(3R,3'R)-zeaxanthin, meso-zeaxanthin and (3S,3'S)-zeaxanthin] in fish flesh. We tested this protocol in two species of farmed trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss and Salmo Trutta), and we detected and quantified these carotenoids...
July 2016: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
Vaishali Gaikwad, Tejash Gohel, Shrijeet Panickar, Vijay Chincholkar, Santosh Mangalkar
INTRODUCTION: Staphylococcus is one of the most common causes of nosocomial infection, especially pneumonia, surgical site infections, blood stream infections, and continues to be a major cause of community-acquired infections. The emergence of penicillin resistance followed by the development and spread of strains resistant to the semisynthetic penicillins such as methicillin, oxacillin and nafcillin, macrolides, tetracycline, and aminoglycosides has made the treatment of staphylococcal infection a global challenge...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Ming-Jun Tsai, I-Ju Lu, Yaw-Syan Fu, Yi-Ping Fang, Yaw-Bin Huang, Pao-Chu Wu
The aim of this study was to develop and assess the potential of nanostructured emulsion carriers for resveratrol topical application. Different compositions of resveratrol-loaded nanostructured emulsions were prepared using different types and amounts of surfactants and oily phases (isopropyl myristate and caproyl 90). The produced nanostructured emulsions were within the nanosized range 23.4-422.2nm with low viscosity range 2.15-17.53cps. The transdermal amount and deposition amount in the skin after 24 applications of resveratrol-loaded nanostructured emulsion were significantly increased about 896...
September 28, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
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