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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091770/relevance-of-surgery-in-patients-with-non-variceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#1
S Dango, T Beißbarth, E Weiss, A Seif Amir Hosseini, D Raddatz, V Ellenrieder, J Lotz, B M Ghadimi, A Beham
INTRODUCTION: Upper GI bleeding remains one of the most common emergencies with a substantial overall mortality rate of up to 30%. In severe ill patients, death does not occur due to failure of hemostasis, either medical or surgical, but mainly from comorbidities, treatment complications, and decreased tolerated blood loss. Management strategies have changed dramatically over the last two decades and include primarily endoscopic intervention in combination with acid-suppressive therapy and decrease in surgical intervention...
January 14, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089365/gastric-bleeding-risk-following-spleen-preserving-distal-pancreatectomy-with-excision-of-the-splenic-vessels-a%C3%A2-long-term-follow-up
#2
D Louis, A Alassiri, S Kirzin, S Blaye-Felice, M Chalret du Rieu, C H Julio, E Bloom, L Ghouti, B Pradère, G Portier, N Carrère
BACKGROUND: Spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy with resection of the splenic vessels (VR-SPDP) is an effective procedure. However, hemodynamic changes in splenogastric circulation may lead to the development of gastric varices (GV) with a risk of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. This retrospective study aimed to assess the long-term postoperative clinical follow-up of patients and review the late postoperative abdominal computed tomography (CT) or endoscopic examination. METHODS: From 1988 to 2015, 48 consecutive VR-SPDP for benign or low-grade malignant disease were included...
January 12, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089030/negative-result-of-capsule-endoscopy-in-obscure-gi-bleeding-searching-in-the-dark-despite-bright-lights
#3
EDITORIAL
Puneet Chhabra, Deepak K Bhasin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089029/guidelines-for-privileging-credentialing-and-proctoring-to-perform-gi-endoscopy
#4
Ashley L Faulx, Jenifer R Lightdale, Ruben D Acosta, Deepak Agrawal, David H Bruining, Vinay Chandrasekhara, Mohamad A Eloubeidi, Robert D Fanelli, Suryakanth R Gurudu, Loralee Kelsey, Mouen A Khashab, Shivangi Kothari, V Raman Muthusamy, Bashar J Qumseya, Aasma Shaukat, Amy Wang, Sachin B Wani, Julie Yang, John M DeWitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072748/giant-polypoid-gastric-heterotopia-in-the-small-intestine-in-a-boy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Jing Cai, Haibo Yu
RATIONALE: Heterotopic gastric mucosa has been described at various locations of the body; however, the polyp composed of heterotopic gastric mucosa in the small intestine is rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 15-year-old boy visited us for investigation of recurrent episodes of melena. Capsule endoscopy (CE) revealed a polypoid tumor in the ileum, with an active nearby hemorrhage. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) showed a tumor in the right quadrant of the abdomen, with a diameter of about 18 × 14 mm...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056333/-recommendation-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-induced-gastrointestinal-ulcers-and-its-complications
#6
(no author information available yet)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a broad class of non glucocorticoid drugs which are extensively used in anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic therapies. However, NSAIDs may cause many side effects, most commonly in gastrointestinal(GI) tract. Cardiovascular system, kidney, liver, central nervous system and hematopoietic system are also involved. NSAID-induced GI side effects not only endanger the patients' health, increase mortality, but also greatly increase the cost of medical care...
January 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019112/-indications-diagnoses-and-quality-markers-in-upper-and-lower-endoscopies-in-2010-and-2011-at-the-1st-department-of-medicine-semmelweis-university-budapest
#7
Lóránt Gönczi, Zsuzsanna Kürti, Petra Golovics, Zsuzsanna Végh, Barbara Lovász, Andrea Dorkó, Anna Seres, Liza Sümegi, Orsolya Menyhárt, Lajos Kiss, János Papp, Krisztina Gecse, Péter László Lakatos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The aim was to assess the incidence of endoscopic findings based on the indication of the procedures in upper/lower endoscopies, and measuring quality indicators of colonoscopies at the 1st Department of Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest. METHOD: Data of 2987 patients (male/female:1361/1626, mean age: 60.7 years(y), SD: 16.7y) between 01.01.2010 and 31.12.2011 were analyzed. Both inpatient and outpatient records were collected. RESULTS: Incidence of peptic ulcer disease, esophageal varices, gastric polyps and gastric cancer were 10...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009607/vascular-injury-characterizes-doxycycline-induced-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-mucosal-injury
#8
Angela R Shih, Gregory Y Lauwers, Anthony Mattia, Esperance A K Schaefer, Joseph Misdraji
Doxycycline is an oral tetracycline antibiotic that has been associated with upper gastrointestinal (GI) mucosal injury. Recently, characteristic vascular degeneration has been reported in the stomach and duodenum in patients with doxycycline-induced injury. Fourteen patients who underwent upper GI endoscopy for nonspecific symptoms and were found to have doxycycline-induced gastric and esophageal injury are described. Most patients showed characteristic vascular injury. A control group of gastric erosions and esophageal ulcers showed no cases with the characteristic vascular changes...
December 22, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008163/risk-factors-for-the-presence-of-symptoms-in-peptic-ulcer-disease
#9
Sang Pyo Lee, In-Kyung Sung, Jeong Hwan Kim, Sun-Young Lee, Hyung Seok Park, Chan Sup Shim
Background/Aims: Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a common condition, but is difficult to detect in asymptomatic individuals. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of symptomatic and asymptomatic PUD during screening endoscopy and to identify risk factors for the presence of symptoms in patients with PUD. Methods: We investigated subjects who underwent a health inspection, including endoscopy of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract and a serum anti-Helicobacter pylori IgG assay, and who completed a self-report questionnaire about their symptoms...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997724/anti-neutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-vasculitis-resembling-esophageal-cancer
#10
Takanori Kurogochi, Shinji Mine, Hiroshi Kawachi
Systemic vasculitis can present with a variety of symptoms and signs(1, 2) . Some cases may be confused with cancer(3) . We herein describe the case of esophagitis caused by vasculitis. A 79-year-old male with mild dysphagia who was suspected with esophageal cancer at a previous hospital was referred to our facility. Upper GI endoscopy, which was undergone at our hospital, revealed a circumferentially elevated lesion with ulceration (Fig. 1a). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 20, 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988287/endoscopic-multiple-biopsy-and-rapid-diagnosis-by-in-situ-fixation-and-histopathological-processing
#11
David S Zimmon, Fred B Smith, Forrest Manheimer, Cathy Fan, Chantel Njiwaji, Sergei Aksenov, Premtesh Chattoo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic forceps biopsy and fixation are laborious and prolong the procedure and anesthesia. Multiple biopsy overcomes these shortcomings with a single endoscope pass that cuts, like a needle biopsy, up to 25 biopsies of uniform size and depth during endoscope withdrawal. Biopsy specimens are collected in acquisition order and stored in a perforated plastic storage chamber within the perforated metal tip. The tip is cut off, immersed in fixative, and sent to pathology...
December 14, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986104/the-endoscopist-the-anesthesiologists-and-safety-in-gi-endoscopy
#12
EDITORIAL
Alessandro Repici, Cesare Hassan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973922/minimal-differences-in-prevalence-and-spectrum-of-organic-disease-at-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-between-selected-secondary-care-patients-with-symptoms-of-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-or-dyspepsia
#13
Andrew J Irvine, Maria Ines Pinto-Sanchez, Premysl Bercik, Paul Moayyedi, Alexander C Ford
OBJECTIVES: Gastro-oesophageal reflux and dyspepsia are felt to be separate upper gastrointestinal (GI) conditions. We aimed to measure the degree of overlap between them, and assess whether endoscopic findings differed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Demographic, symptom, upper GI endoscopy and histology data were collected from consecutive adults in secondary care. Patients were categorised according to whether they reported gastro-oesophageal reflux alone, dyspepsia alone or both, and patient demographics and endoscopic findings were compared...
December 15, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957292/the-effect-of-zinc-supplementationon-the-symptoms-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Afshin Shafaghi, Jalal Hasanzadeh, Fariborz Mansour-Ghanaei, Farahnaz Joukar, Maryam Yaseri
BACKGROUND Currently, it has been demonstrated that gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most important disorders of the digestive system and the commixture of regular diet has a significant influence on its incidence, symptoms, and prognosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of zinc supplementation, in combination with PPIs(Proton pump inhibitors), on the improvement of GERD symptoms. METHODS In a randomized double blind clinical trial, patients with reflux symptoms, who had obtained Reflux Disease Questionnaire (RDQ) score more than 8, were included and all the demographic features were recorded...
October 2016: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956826/nonmotor-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-older-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-is-there-hope
#15
Doina Georgescu, Oana Elena Ancusa, Liviu Andrei Georgescu, Ioana Ionita, Daniela Reisz
Despite the fact that nonmotor symptoms (NMS) like gastrointestinal (GI) complaints are frequently reported in Parkinson's disease (PD), no therapeutic guidelines are available. This study aimed to manage some lower GI-NMS in a group of patients with PD. A total of 40 patients (17 males, 23 females; mean age 76.05±2.09 years) were randomly selected for this study. Patients were confirmed to have PD (modified Hoehn-Yars scale: 2.075±0.4) who had undergone levodopa or dopamine agonist treatment. In the non-motor symptoms questionnaire (NMS-Quest), regarding GI complaints, the following were recorded: abdominal pain, bloating, and constipation of mild-to-moderate severity...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941738/pattern-of-changes-in-the-findings-among-the-patients-undergoing-diagnostic-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-in-bangladesh
#16
C K Ghosh, M R Khan, F Alam, B C Shil, M S Kabir, M Mahmuduzzaman, S C Das, P K Roy
This cross-sectional observational study was conducted in the Department of Gastroenterology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Sir Salimullah Medical College and Mitford Hospital, Holy family Red Crescent Medical College and Hospital and Popular Diagnostic Centre, Shantinagar branch, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2012 to July 2013. Study subjects were included in the study irrespective of age and sex having different upper GI tract. Complaints like dysphagia, heart burn, abdominal pain/dyspepsia, nausea, vomiting, haematemesis and/or malena, anorexia, unexplained anemia, weight loss etc...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941723/doppler-assessment-of-hepatic-venous-waves-for-evaluation-of-large-varices-in-cirrhotic-patient
#17
M A Sangma, N Biswas, M U Ahmed, M M Rahman, M M Hossain, A Z Razi, P L Saha, M T Reza, L Fatema, M Hoshneara, K Begum
This cross sectional study was conducted to evaluate the role of doppler ultrasonography of hepatic venous waves for evaluation of large varices in cirrhotic patients from July 2013 to June 2015 in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Patients getting admitted in the ward with a diagnosis of cirrhosis were enrolled in the study and purposive sampling technique was adopted. The sample size was 43. Data were collected by face to face interview and some data were gathered by records review and analyzed with the help of SPSS windows version - 12 software programs...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938781/organization-of-surveillance-in-gi-practice
#18
REVIEW
Carlo Senore, Cristina Bellisario, Cesare Hassan
BACKGROUND: Several reports documented an inefficient utilisation of available resources, as well as a suboptimal compliance with surveillance recommendations. Although, evidence suggests that organisational issues can influence the quality of care delivered, surveillance protocols are usually based on non-organized approaches. METHODS: We conducted a literature search (publication date: 01/2000-06/2016) on PubMed and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for guidelines, or consensus statements, for surveys of practice, reporting information about patients, or providers attitudes and behaviours, for intervention studies to enhance compliance with guidelines...
December 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931632/complications-of-therapeutic-gastroscopy-colonoscopy-other-than-resection
#19
REVIEW
Zaheer Nabi
Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is profoundly utilized for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. The therapeutic potential of GI endoscopy has amplified many folds with the evolution of novel techniques as well as equipments. However, with the augmentation of therapeutic endoscopy, the extent, likelihood and severity of adverse events have increased as well. The attendant risks and adverse events with therapeutic endoscopy are many folds that of diagnostic endoscopy. Besides endoscopic resection, therapeutic endoscopy is widely utilized for hemostasis in GI bleeds, dilatation of stenosis, enteral stenting, foreign body removal, ablation of Barrett's esophagus etc...
October 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920661/endoscopic-removal-of-a-duodenal-perforating-leg-of-glasses-with-dormia-basket
#20
Li Wang, Wei Wen, Jiamiao Huang, Weijie Hu, Renrong Zhou, Xin Li, Xiaojiang Wang
Ingestion of foreign bodies is common in clinical practice. Most ingested foreign bodies will pass through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract without any problems. While GI tract injury due to the ingested foreign body such as a toothpick, a fishbone, a date pit, or a chicken bone, is common, duodenal perforation is rare. In this report, our experience with this rare entity is shared. We present a 38-year-old male patient with GI tract perforation in the bulbus of the duodenum due to a leg of glasses. The patient was admitted to our hospital with severe abdominal pain...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
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