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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726433/gastric-antral-vascular-ectasia-and-solitary-rectal-ulcer-syndrome-two-rare-diagnoses-as-the-cause-of-anemia-in-a%C3%A2-single-patient-case-report
#1
Lumír Kunovský, Milan Dastych, Radek Kroupa, Beata Hemmelova, Katarina Muckova, Miroslava Chovancova, Lenka Kucerova, Jiri Dolina
Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) and solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS) are both mentioned in the literature as rare causes of iron deficiency anemia and gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. GAVE accounts for up to 4 % of upper non-variceal GI bleeding; SRUS is a rare benign disorder that presents with rectal bleeding. We present the case of a 75-year-old patient who was admitted to our facility with anemia. In the same patient, we encountered chronic bleeding from GAVE and SRUS. Both diagnoses were treated endoscopically: GAVE by argon plasma coagulation and a subsequent treatment with proton pump inhibitors and SRUS by adrenaline injection and clipping, consecutively treated with mesalazine enemas...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718228/early-initiation-of-beta-blockers-following-primary-endoscopic-therapy-for-bleeding-oesophageal-varices-in-cirrhotics
#2
Adnan Salim, Kashif Malik, Muhammad Omer Farooq, Umair Butt, Arshad Kamal Butt, Altaf Alam
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Beta-blockers provide secondary prophylaxis following endoscopic therapy for variceal bleeding. Guidelines recommend starting beta-blockers 6 days after endoscopy to prevent masking hemodynamic signs of re-bleeding. We aimed to see safety of earlier initiation of betablockers. METHODS: Cirrhotic patients with upper GI bleed were given intravenous vasoactive agents until undergoing endoscopy. Patients with only oesophageal varices as source of bleed were recruited...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717373/diagnostic-value-of-alarm-symptoms-for-upper-gi-malignancy-in-patients-referred-to-gi-clinic-a-7-years-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mohammad Hasan Emami, Masoud Ataie-Khorasgani, Nasim Jafari-Pozve
BACKGROUND: Early upper gastrointestinal (UGI) cancer detection had led to organ-preserving endoscopic therapy. Endoscopy is a suitable method of early diagnosis of UGI malignancies. In Iran, exclusion of malignancy is the most important indication for endoscopy. This study is designed to see whether using alarm symptoms can predict the risk of cancer in patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 3414 patients referred to a tertiary gastrointestinal (GI) clinic in Isfahan, Iran, from 2009 to 2016 with dyspepsia, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and alarm symptoms, such as weight loss, dysphagia, GI bleeding, vomiting, positive familial history for cancer, and anorexia...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710883/an-atypical-type-i-gastric-neuroendocrine-tumor
#4
Andrada-Viorela Gheorghe, Mihai Rimbas, Octav Ginghina, Andrada Spanu, Theodor Alexandru Voiosu
BACKGROUND: Gastric neuroendocrine tumors(GI-NETs) are rare lesions, usually discovered incidentally during endoscopy. Based on their pathology, there are 4 types of GI-NETs. Type I are multiple small polypoid lesions with central ulceration located in the gastric body or the fundus, associated with atrophic gastritis usually noninvasive and very rarely metastatic. We report on a rare case of a gastric NET arising from the muscularis propria layer of the pyloric ring. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 65-year old woman with a history of alcoholic cirrhosis, investigated for melena...
July 14, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706745/acute-esophageal-necrosis-in-an-alcoholic-after-successful-resuscitation-from-cardiac-arrest
#5
Amish Shah, Viveksandeep Thoguluva Chandreskar, Ravi Doobay, Arundeep Kahlon, Ioana Amzuta
INTRODUCTION: We present a patient who presented to the ICU after successful resuscitation from cardiac arrest who was subsequently diagnosed with AEN. CASE PRESENTATION: A 66-year-old female presented after cardiac arrest in which return of spontaneous circulation was achieved within 7 minutes after the initiation of CPR. She was intubated on the scene and found to have coffee ground emesis in her bathroom when found unresponsive. Due to the hemodynamically significant GI bleed, patient was started on IV proton pump inhibitor, octreotide, and levophed...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705042/musculoskeletal-injuries-in-gastrointestinal-endoscopists-a-systematic-review
#6
Diana E Yung, Tommaso Banfi, Gastone Ciuti, Alberto Arezzo, Paolo Dario, Anastasios Koulaouzidis
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal(GI) endoscopy forms a significant proportion of clinicians' workloads. However, little attention is given to the ergonomic aspects of endoscopy. This systematic review of musculoskeletal pain and/or injuries in GI endoscopists aims to better understand the types of occupational injuries resulting from endoscopic procedures and associated risk factors. Areas covered: Systematic literature search conducted for articles evaluating prevalence, risk factors and mechanism of musculoskeletal pain and/or injuries related to GI endoscopy...
July 14, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698900/simulation-based-mastery-learning-for-endoscopy-using-the-endoscopy-training-system-a-strategy-to-improve-endoscopic-skills-and-prepare-for-the-fundamentals-of-endoscopic-surgery-fes-manual-skills-exam
#7
E Matthew Ritter, Zachary A Taylor, Kathryn R Wolf, Brenton R Franklin, Sarah B Placek, James R Korndorffer, Aimee K Gardner
INTRODUCTION: The fundamentals of endoscopic surgery (FES) program has considerable validity evidence for its use in measuring the knowledge, skills, and abilities required for competency in endoscopy. Beginning in 2018, the American Board of Surgery will require all candidates to have taken and passed the written and performance exams in the FES program. Recent work has shown that the current ACGME/ABS required case volume may not be enough to ensure trainees pass the FES skills exam...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695451/the-endoscopic-findings-of-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#8
REVIEW
Yoshiki Nomura, Kentaro Moriichi, Mikihiro Fujiya, Toshikatsu Okumura
Crohn's disease (CD) is a type of chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) associated with ulceration, and the main foci of the inflammation in CD patients are typically the terminal ileum and colon. However, in the upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT), including the esophagus, stomach and duodenum, inflammatory lesions are also detected as well, with a relatively high frequency (30-75%). Recent advances in imaging modalities, including endoscopy, have aided in the diagnosis of CD. Various lesions, including aphtha, erosion, ulcers, bamboo-joint-like appearance and notch-like appearance, are detected in the upper GI of CD patients...
August 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689520/comparison-of-12-hour-with-72-hour-terlipressin-therapy-for-bleeding-esophageal-varices
#9
Adnan Salim, Kashif Malik, Israr Ul Haq, Arshad Kamal Butt, Altaf Alam
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of 12-hour of Terlipressin therapy as compared to 72-hour therapy in preventing rebleeding after endoscopic therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Interventional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Shaikh Zayed Hospital, Lahore, from January to March 2016. METHODOLOGY: Cirrhotic patients presenting to our hospital with GI (gastrointestinal) bleeding received Terlipressin 2 mg intravenous bolus, followed by 1mg 6-hourly until undergoing endoscopy...
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681569/diagnostic-use-of-endoscopic-full-thickness-wall-resection-eftr-a-novel-minimally-invasive-technique-for-colonic-tissue-sampling-in-patients-with-severe-gastrointestinal-motility-disorders
#10
P V Valli, D Pohl, M Fried, R Caduff, P Bauerfeind
BACKGROUND: Complex gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders such as chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) or Hirschsprung's disease (HD) are challenging to diagnose and treat appropriately. Thorough assessment of patient history, radiographic exams, endoscopy, and motility measurements aid in diagnostic workup, yet underlying histology is the cornerstone to enable a more distinct diagnosis of neuromuscular GI disorders. Traditionally, surgical procedures have been performed to obtain specimen suitable for accurate histologic analysis...
July 6, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676593/the-relationship-between-food-insecurity-and-esophageal-and-gastric-cancers-a-case-control-study
#11
Milad Daneshi-Maskooni, Mahtab Badri-Fariman, Nahal Habibi, Ahmadreza Dorosty-Motlagh, Hashem Yavari, Arvin Kashani, Mostafa Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity is defined as the limited or uncertain availability of enough food for permanent active and healthy life. Upper gastrointestinal (GI) cancers (esophagus and stomach) are one of five most common cancers in Iran. This study aimed to determine the association of food insecurity and upper GI cancers in newly diagnosed patients. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Overall, 120 patients with upper GI cancers as cases and 120 patients with orthopedic, ear-nose-throat (ENT), and neurologic diseases as controls were recruited from Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran, Iran in 2013...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653787/antibacterial-resistance-and-the-success-of-tailored-triple-therapy-in-helicobacter-pylori-strains-isolated-from-slovenian-children
#12
Tita Butenko, Samo Jeverica, Rok Orel, Matjaž Homan
BACKGROUND: Primary Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection occurs predominantly in childhood. Antimicrobial resistance is the leading cause for H. pylori eradication failure. The aims of this study were (i) to establish for the first time the antimicrobial resistance of H. pylori strains in infected Slovenian children not previously treated for H. pylori infection and (ii) to evaluate the effectiveness of tailored triple therapy, assuming that eradication rate with tailored triple therapy will be >90%...
June 27, 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648835/effect-of-glp-1-receptor-agonist-on-gastrointestinal-tract-motility-and-residue-rates-as-evaluated-by-capsule-endoscopy
#13
Y Nakatani, M Maeda, M Matsumura, R Shimizu, N Banba, Y Aso, T Yasu, H Harasawa
AIM: This study evaluated the effects of a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist on gastrointestinal (GI) tract motility and residue rates by examining GI transit time and lumen using capsule endoscopy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: GI motility and lumen were assessed by capsule endoscopy before and after liraglutide administration in 14 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). RESULTS: Gastric transit time in the group with diabetic neuropathy (DN) was 1:12:36±1:04:30h before liraglutide administration and 0:48:40±0:32:52h after administration (nonsignificant difference, P=0...
June 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639045/passing-the-fundamentals-of-endoscopic-surgery-fes-exam-linking-specialty-choice-and-attitudes-about-endoscopic-surgery-to-success
#14
Aimee K Gardner, Michael B Ujiki, Brian J Dunkin
INTRODUCTION: Previous work has shown that up to 30% of graduating surgery residents fail the fundamentals of endoscopic surgery (FES) exam. This study investigated the extent to which FES pass rates differ in a specific sample of individuals who have chosen a career in GI surgery and to examine the relationships between FES performance and confidence in performing flexible endoscopy. METHODS: Fellows attending the 2016 SAGES Flexible Endoscopy Course were invited to complete the FES manual skills examination...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637585/effects-of-periodontal-endoscopy-on-the-treatment-of-periodontitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Yunchun Kuang, Bo Hu, Jin Chen, Ge Feng, Jinlin Song
BACKGROUND: For this systematic review, the authors evaluated and synthesized the available scientific evidence related to the effects of periodontal endoscopy on the treatment of periodontitis. METHODS: The authors searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Chinese Scientific Journals database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Chinese Medicine Premier's Wanfang database for articles about periodontal endoscopy that were published through January 2017...
June 18, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633127/successful-endoscopic-treatment-of-gastric-phytobezoar-a-case-report
#16
Ippazio Ugenti, Elisabetta Travaglio, Elpiniki Lagouvardou, Onofrio Caputi Iambrenghi, Gennaro Martines
INTRODUCTION: Gastric bezoars are a rare condition associated with situations of gastric dysmotility and prior gastric surgery, though sometimes they can present without any risk factor. We describe the first successful treatment in medical literature of a large gastric bezoar in the outpatient setting through endoscopic fragmentation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 76-year-old man was referred to our outpatient endoscopy clinic because of dyspepsia and epigastric pain. Upper GI endoscopy with a standard endoscope revealed a 10-cm-diameter gastric phytobezoar with necrotic pressure ulcer of the angulus...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631728/acg-and-cag-clinical-guideline-management-of-dyspepsia
#17
Paul M Moayyedi, Brian E Lacy, Christopher N Andrews, Robert A Enns, Colin W Howden, Nimish Vakil
We have updated both the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) and the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology (CAG) guidelines on dyspepsia in a joint ACG/CAG dyspepsia guideline. We suggest that patients ≥60 years of age presenting with dyspepsia are investigated with upper gastrointestinal endoscopy to exclude organic pathology. This is a conditional recommendation and patients at higher risk of malignancy (such as spending their childhood in a high risk gastric cancer country or having a positive family history) could be offered an endoscopy at a younger age...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629608/laparotomy-and-intraoperative-enteroscopy-for-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-before-and-after-the-era-of-video-capsule-endoscopy-and-deep-enteroscopy-a-tertiary-center-experience
#18
Wuttiporn Manatsathit, Usah Khrucharoen, Dennis M Jensen, O Joe Hines, Thomas Kovacs, Gordon Ohning, Rome Jutabha, Kevin Ghassemi, Gareth S Dulai, Gustavo Machicado
BACKGROUND: To evaluate roles of intraoperative endoscopy (IOE) in management of severe obscure GI bleeding (OGIB) before vs. after introduction of video capsule endoscopy (VCE) and deep enteroscopy (DE). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed prospectively collected data of patients undergoing IOE for severe OGIB in a tertiary referral center. RESULTS: 52 patients had laparotomy/IOE for OGIB, 11 pre and 41 post VCE/DE eras. In the pre VCE/DE era, 36...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625424/scheduling-non-operating-room-anesthesia-cases-in-endoscopy-using-the-sandbox-analogy
#19
Mitchell H Tsai, Leah A Cipri, Stephen E O'Donnell, J Matthew Fisher, Dimitrios A Andritsos
STUDY OBJECTIVE: For many hospitals, the non-operating room anesthesia (NORA) workload continues to expand. We developed a new NORA scheduling process with shared block time - a sandbox - amongst all of the gastroenterology groups and measured the efficacy of the intervention using basic operating room management metrics. DESIGN: Prospective analysis, statistical process control. SETTING: Academic, rural hospital; endoscopy suite; postoperative recovery area...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623057/clinical-outcomes-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-colorectal-tumors-a-large-multicenter-retrospective-study-of-hiroshima-gi-endoscopy-research-group
#20
Kazuki Boda, Shiro Oka, Shinji Tanaka, Shinji Nagata, Masaki Kunihiro, Toshio Kuwai, Yuko Hiraga, Akira Furudoi, Motomi Terasaki, Koichi Nakadoi, Makoto Higashiyama, Hideharu Okanobu, Morihisa Akagi, Kazuaki Chayama
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although advanced high-volume centers have reported good outcomes of colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), a limited number of highly skilled experts in specialized institutions performed these procedures. We undertook a retrospective multicenter survey, which included non-specialized hospitals, to investigate the clinical outcomes of colorectal ESD. PATIENTS & METHODS: We recruited 1233 consecutive patients with 1259 colorectal tumors resected by ESD at 12 institutions...
June 13, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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