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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055156/type-2-diabetes-remission-2-years-post-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-and-sleeve-gastrectomy-the-role-of-the-weight-loss-and-comparison-of-diarem-and-diabetter-scores
#1
A Pucci, U Tymoszuk, W H Cheung, J M Makaronidis, S Scholes, G Tharakan, M Elkalaawy, M Guimaraes, M Nora, M Hashemi, A Jenkinson, M Adamo, M Monteiro, N Finer, R L Batterham
AIMS: The comparative efficacy of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy on Type 2 diabetes remission and the role of weight loss are unclear. The DiaRem Type 2 diabetes remission prediction score uses HbA1c , age and Type 2 diabetes medications but not Type 2 diabetes duration. The aim of this study was to compare the predictive value of the DiaRem score with the DiaBetter score that includes Type 2 diabetes duration, upon combined (complete plus partial) 2-year post-surgery Type 2 diabetes remission in people following RYGB and sleeve gastrectomy, and to investigate the relationship between weight loss and Type 2 diabetes remission...
October 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055048/adolescent-obesity-and-adult-male-breast-cancer-in-a-cohort-of-1-382-093-men
#2
Lital Keinan-Boker, Hagai Levine, Adi Leiba, Estela Derazne, Jeremy D Kark
Male breast cancer (MBC) accounts for 1% of all breast cancer. Adult obesity and tallness are risk factors for MBC, but the role of adolescent fatness is largely unknown. We aimed to assess the association between body mass index (BMI) in adolescence and the incidence of MBC in a large cohort of 16-19 year-old Israeli males. 1,382,093 Jewish Israeli males aged 16-19 who underwent anthropometric measurements, a General Intelligence Test (GIT) and other examinations during 1967-2011, were followed up to 31.12...
October 21, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055024/serum-lipid-vitamin-d-levels-and-obesity-in-perimenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women-in-non-manual-employment
#3
Jarosław Pinkas, Iwona Bojar, Mariusz Gujski, Joanna Bartosińska, Alfred Owoc, Dorota Raczkiewicz
BACKGROUND Increasing age, increased body mass index (BMI), and abnormal lipid profiles contribute to an increased risk of vitamin D deficiency. Women who have a perimenopausal and postmenopausal reduction in estrogen levels are a high-risk group for vitamin D deficiency. The aims of this study were to compare the serum vitamin D levels, lipid profile, and BMI between perimenopausal and postmenopausal women in non-manual employment, and to determine whether there were any interdependent factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS Three hundred women in non-manual employment, aged between 44-66 years, were divided into three groups: early perimenopausal; late perimenopausal; and postmenopausal...
October 21, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054924/pharmacotherapy-for-patients-with-obesity
#4
REVIEW
Kishore M Gadde, John W Apolzan, Hans-Rudolf Berthoud
BACKGROUND: Although pharmacotherapy is not the cornerstone of obesity treatment, it is a valuable tool that could be considered for patients who have not had adequate benefit from lifestyle interventions or who have difficulty maintaining initial weight loss over longer periods. CONTENT: This review focuses on the role of antiobesity drugs, the mechanisms by which the drugs work, potential pharmacological targets in the neural control of food intake and regulation of body weight, the history of antiobesity drugs, a summary of efficacy and safety data from clinical trials, and the clinical application of pharmacotherapy...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054854/obesity-related-ckd-when-kidneys-get-the-munchies
#5
EDITORIAL
Peter F Mount, Luis A Juncos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054851/changes-in-the-venous-pulse-waveform-in-pericardial-effusion-revealed-by-doppler-echocardiography-of-the-superior-vena-cava
#6
Benoy N Shah, Dhrubo J Rakhit
Doppler echocardiography has become the imaging technique of choice for urgent bedside assessment of the haemodynamic significance of pericardial effusion. However, classical findings such as respiratory variation in trans-mitral and trans-tricuspid velocities and plethoric inferior vena cava are not pathognomonic of tamponade and may be seen in non-cardiac diseases such as obesity and obstructive airways disease. Thus, ancillary findings are sometimes of clinical value. This case illustrates the classical changes seen in the flow profile of the superior vena cava, which reflect the changes seen in the jugular venous pulse waveform, before and after pericardiocentesis...
October 20, 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054836/formative-assessment-design-of-a-web-connected-sedentary-behavior-intervention-for-females
#7
Amber W Kinsey, Matthew Whipple, Lauren Reid, Olivia Affuso
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) is a significant risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and early mortality, particularly among women, and the health consequences associated with SB are independent of physical activity status. Interventions utilizing wearable technologies can improve SB, but their effectiveness is influenced by individual preferences, device engagement strategies, and technological features, which may affect user compliance. Gathering a priori insight from target populations on their preferences for program tools and strategies may assist researchers in identifying effective methods to improve the efficacy of SB interventions...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054818/parental-perception-of-child-weight-and-inflammation-perceived-overweight-is-associated-with-higher-child-c-reactive-protein
#8
Angelina R Sutin, George Rust, Eric Robinson, Michael Daly, Antonio Terracciano
Self-perceived overweight and weight discrimination are associated with inflammation in adulthood. We test whether there is an intergenerational association of parent perception of child overweight on higher levels of child c-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of inflammation implicated in stress. Data were from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2014 (N=4,988). Parents reported their perception of their child's weight; CRP was assayed from children's blood samples. Children whose parents perceived them as overweight had higher CRP levels than children who were perceived about the right weight; perceived underweight was also associated with higher CRP (F(2,4977)=9...
October 17, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054808/high-amylose-starch-consumption-induces-obesity-in-drosophila-melanogaster-and-metformin-partially-prevents-accumulation-of-storage-lipids-and-shortens-lifespan-of-the-insects
#9
Oleksandra B Abrat, Janet M Storey, Kenneth B Storey, Volodymyr I Lushchak
There are very few studies that have directly analyzed the effects of dietary intake of slowly digestible starches on metabolic parameters of animals. The present study examined the effects of slowly digestible starch with high amylose content (referred also as amylose starch) either alone, or in combination with metformin on the development, lifespan, and levels of glucose and storage lipids in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. Consumption of amylose starch in concentrations 0.25-10% did not affect D...
October 17, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054738/impact-of-body-constitution-on-complications-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Eva Ekström, Daniel Ansari, Caroline Williamsson, Roland Andersson, Bobby Tingstedt, Linus Aronsson, Johan Nilsson, Bodil Andersson
BACKGROUND: Overweight, defined by body mass index (BMI), is correlated to complications following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of body constitution, measured with different anthropometric measures, and diabetes on complications following PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent PD between 2000 and 2015 at Skåne University Hospital were retrospectively included. Body mass index (BMI), body surface area (BSA) and body fat percentage (BF%) were calculated...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054731/the-impact-of-obesity-and-hypercaloric-diet-consumption-on-anxiety-and-emotional-behavior-across-the-lifespan
#11
REVIEW
Kathryn D Baker, Amy Loughman, Sarah J Spencer, Amy C Reichelt
Obesity is an increasing problem in young people. Childhood obesity and overweight have increased rapidly on a global scale, and have tripled in the past 30 years, to affect approximately one in five children. Diets high in refined fats and sugar are a major contributor to the development of obesity, and the effects of such obesity-inducing hypercaloric diets on brain function may contribute to the high prevalence of anxiety disorders in people with obesity. Anxiety disorders typically emerge in childhood and adolescence, and symptoms often continue into adulthood...
October 17, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054703/comment-on-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-combined-with-rossetti-fundoplication-r-sleeve-for-treatment-of-morbid-obesity-and-gastroesophageal-reflux
#12
EDITORIAL
Robert B Lim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054695/where-does-meniscal-damage-progress-most-rapidly-an-analysis-using-three-dimensional-shape-models-on-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#13
Bright Dube, Mike A Bowes, Sarah R Kingsbury, Elizabeth Ma Hensor, Siddhant Muzumdar, Philip G Conaghan
OBJECTIVES: Meniscal pathology is integral to knee osteoarthritis (OA) and its progression; it provides a progression biomarker and a potential treatment target. MRI demonstrates large heterogeneity in meniscal damage; this structural complexity means measurement is difficult. The aim of this study was to apply novel 3D image analysis to determine which meniscal pathologies demonstrated most change during OA progression. METHODS: Knee images were selected from the progression cohort of the Osteoarthritis Initiative choosing participants with risk factors for medial OA progression...
October 17, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054655/association-of-serum-levels-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-pfass-with-the-metabolic-syndrome-mets-in-chinese-male-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Qiaoyun Yang, Xiaoli Guo, Pengling Sun, Yujiao Chen, Wei Zhang, Ai Gao
As extensively used chemicals in a variety of consumer products, perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are ubiquitous and could bring significant risk to human health. However, the effect of PFASs on metabolic syndrome (MetS) is not fully understood. In 2015, a preliminary cross-sectional study was undertaken. A total of 148 male subjects including 81 affected by MetS and 67 non-MetS participants as the reference were recruited from Physical Examination Center affiliated to Capital Medical University, China. Serum levels of perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) were significantly higher in the subjects with MetS...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054535/adipose-tissue-inflammation-in-aging
#15
REVIEW
Theresa Mau, Raymond Yung
Adipose tissue has traditionally been viewed as an organ of interest within studies of obesity and diet-associated metabolic disorders. However, as studies reveal the role white adipose tissue plays as an energy storage, a lipid metabolism site, and an adipokine secretor, it has become recognized as an organ of importance for metabolic health in both the young obese and the old obese. Within the realms of aging research, the pursuit of senolytics has taken the field's spotlight, where the clearance of senescent cells has shown to attenuate aspects of age-related disorders...
October 17, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054502/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-uterine-fibroids
#16
REVIEW
Dora Pavone, Sara Clemenza, Flavia Sorbi, Massimiliano Fambrini, Felice Petraglia
Risk factors, both modifiable and non-modifiable, are associated with the development of fibroids. These include age, race, endogenous and exogenous hormonal factors, obesity, uterine infection, and lifestyle (diet, caffeine and alcohol consumption, physical activity, stress, and smoking). Some of the epidemiological data were conflicting; consequently, further studies are needed to better understand the factors that influence fibroid prevalence.
October 1, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054491/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-children
#17
Marisete Inês Fraporti, Fernanda Scherer Adami, Michele Dutra Rosolen
INTRODUCTION: Systemic hypertension is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Early diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in childhood can potentially have a significant impact on future adverse outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of diastolic (DBP) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) with anthropometric data and area of residence of children in municipalities of Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 709 children between six and nine years of age...
October 17, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054486/prevalence-of-underweight-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-meta-analysis
#18
Norio Sugawara, Kazushi Maruo, Takuro Sugai, Yutaro Suzuki, Yuji Ozeki, Kazutaka Shimoda, Toshiyuki Someya, Norio Yasui-Furukori
AIMS: Although the relationship between body mass index and all-cause mortality is U-shaped, underweight has received comparatively less attention than obesity. There is only limited evidence to date regarding underweight among patients with schizophrenia. This is the first meta-analysis to address the prevalence of underweight in these patients. METHODS: We conducted database searches (PubMed, PsycINFO) to identify studies examining underweight in patients with schizophrenia...
October 17, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054470/circulating-adiponectin-increases-in-obese-women-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-or-gastric-bypass-driving-beneficial-metabolic-changes-but%C3%A2-with-no-relationship-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness
#19
Jesús M Gómez-Martin, José A Balsa, Enrique Aracil, María Insenser, Pablo Priego, Héctor F Escobar-Morreale, José I Botella-Carretero
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Obesity surgery induces beneficial effects in metabolic and cardiovascular parameters. Adiponectin increase might be associated with some of these changes. However, direct comparison between different surgical techniques has not been extensively performed. METHODS: We studied 20 obese women submitted to laparoscopic Roux en Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and 20 to sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Twenty control women matched for age and baseline metabolic profiles were also included...
October 12, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054352/patient-related-risk-factors-for-infection-following-open-carpal-tunnel-release-an-analysis-of-over-450-000-medicare-patients
#20
Brian C Werner, Victor A Teran, D Nicole Deal
PURPOSE: To establish the rate of postoperative infection after open carpal tunnel release (CTR) on a national level using an administrative database and define relevant patient-related risk factors associated with its occurrence. METHODS: The PearlDiver patient records database was used to query the 100% Medicare Standard Analytic Files retrospectively from 2005 to 2012 for patients undergoing open CTR using Current Procedural Terminology code 64721. Postoperative infection within 90 days of surgery was assessed using both International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for diagnoses of postoperative infection or pyogenic arthritis of the wrist and Current Procedural Terminology codes for procedures for these indications, including either open or arthroscopic irrigation and debridement...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
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