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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642060/microsurgically-assisted-inguinal-hernia-repair-and-simultaneous-male-fertility-procedures-rationale-technique-and-outcomes
#1
Michael L Schulster, Matthew R Cohn, Bobby B Najari, Marc Goldstein
PURPOSE: Inguinal herniorrhaphy is the most common general surgical procedure. It is associated with frequent complications such as recurrence (1.9% with mesh), post-operative hematoma (4.5%), reduced sensation (0 - 42.8%), chronic post-operative pain (5.1%), vasal injury (0.1 - 0.53%) and infection (3 - 6%)(1-5). Drawing on our experience utilizing the operating microscope for varicocelectomy, vasectomy reversal and repair of iatrogenic vasal obstruction from hernia repair, we employed it for inguinal hernia repair...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641875/prevention-of-incisional-hernia-with-prophylactic-onlay-and-sublay-mesh-reinforcement-versus-primary-suture-only-in-midline-laparotomies-prima-2-year-follow-up-of-a-multicentre-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
An P Jairam, Lucas Timmermans, Hasan H Eker, Robert E G J M Pierik, David van Klaveren, Ewout W Steyerberg, Reinier Timman, Arie C van der Ham, Imro Dawson, Jan A Charbon, Christoph Schuhmacher, André Mihaljevic, Jakob R Izbicki, Panagiotis Fikatas, Philip Knebel, René H Fortelny, Gert-Jan Kleinrensink, Johan F Lange, Hans J Jeekel
BACKGROUND: Incisional hernia is a frequent long-term complication after abdominal surgery, with a prevalence greater than 30% in high-risk groups. The aim of the PRIMA trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of mesh reinforcement in high-risk patients, to prevent incisional hernia. METHODS: We did a multicentre, double-blind, randomised controlled trial at 11 hospitals in Austria, Germany, and the Netherlands. We included patients aged 18 years or older who were undergoing elective midline laparotomy and had either an abdominal aortic aneurysm or a body-mass index (BMI) of 27 kg/m(2) or higher...
June 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639577/characteristics-of-good-s-syndrome-in-china-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Jin-Pei Dong, Wen Gao, Gui-Gen Teng, Yu Tian, Hua-Hong Wang
BACKGROUND: Good's syndrome (GS) is a rare disease characterized by thymoma, hypogammaglobulinemia, low or absent B-cells, decreased T-cells, an inverted CD4+/CD8+ T-cell ratio and reduced T-cell mitogen proliferative responses. GS is difficult to diagnose preoperatively due to its rarity and lack of typical symptoms, the characteristics of Chinese GS patients are still lacking. This study aimed to systematically review all the clinical, laboratory, and immunologic findings of reported cases of Chinese patients with GS...
July 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638794/biological-mesh-reconstruction-of-the-pelvic-floor-following-abdominoperineal-excision-for-cancer-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Boris Schiltz, Nicolas Christian Buchs, Marta Penna, Cosimo Riccardo Scarpa, Emilie Liot, Philippe Morel, Frederic Ris
Extralevator abdominoperineal excision and pelvic exenteration are mutilating operations that leave wide perineal wounds. Such large wounds are prone to infection and perineal herniation, and their closure is a major concern to most surgeons. Different approaches to the perineal repair exist, varying from primary or mesh closure to myocutaneous flaps. Each technique has its own associated advantages and potential complications and the ideal approach is still debated. In the present study, we reviewed the current literature and our own local data regarding the use of biological mesh for perineal wound closure...
June 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637564/do-iodine-impregnated-adhesive-surgical-drapes-reduce-surgical-site-infections-during-open-ventral-hernia-repair-a-comparative-analysis
#5
Neal Moores, Steven Rosenblatt, Ajita Prabhu, Michael Rosen
This study evaluated the role of iodine-impregnated adhesive drapes to reduce surgical site infections and occurrences in open ventral hernia repairs. All patients undergoing open ventral hernia repair of clean wounds with a retromuscular repair using synthetic mesh by a single surgeon were prospectively evaluated from the American Hernia Society Quality Collaborative. Patients were divided into those that had an Ioban drape and those that did not. The primary endpoints of this study were postoperative surgical site occurrence and infections...
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637559/complex-abdominal-wall-hernia-repair-in-contaminated-surgical-fields-factors-affecting-the-choice-of-prosthesis
#6
Manuel López-Cano, María Teresa Quiles, José Antonio Pereira, Manuel Armengol-Carrasco, María Antonia Arbós Vía
To compare patients with complex abdominal wall hernias undergoing surgical repair using synthetic nonabsorbable or biologic meshes in contaminated fields. Retrospective review of 62 patients with complex abdominal wall hernia with surgical repair in an elective setting and in the context of a clean-contaminated or contaminated fields (January 2009-April 2015). Two groups according to the prosthesis (synthetic nonabsorbable, n = 48 or biologic, n = 14). Mean follow-up was 24.6 (15.8) months. Clean-contaminated wounds were significantly more frequent in the synthetic group...
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633639/fusobacterial-liver-abscess-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Dilip Jayasimhan, Linus Wu, Paul Huggan
BACKGROUND: Fusobacteriae are facultative anaerobic gram-negative bacilli which cause a range of invasive infections, amongst which pyogenic liver abscesses are rare. We describe a case of Fusobacterium nucleatum liver abscess and review the relevant literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51-year-old lady presented with a 4-day history of abdominal pain, diarrhoea, fever, rigors, and lethargy. Imaging revealed an abscess which was drained. Cultures of the blood and abscess aspirate grew Fusobacterium nucleatum and Prevotella pleuritidis respectively...
June 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632147/crossover-iliofemoral-bypass-graft-through-tension-free-abdominal-wall-repair-mesh
#8
Mircea Muresan, Ovidiu Jimborean, Gabriela Jimborean, Radu Neagoe, Serban Bancu, Muresan Simona, Cristian Borz
INTRODUCTION: In vascular surgery the crossover iliofemoral bypass grafting is a well-known surgical technique. In general surgery the repair of an abdominal defect using a Polypropylene mesh is also a standard procedure. A particular technique is defined by the performance of these 2 separate procedures inside a single operation in which the crossover arterial graft is directed from the retroperitoneal space toward the contra-lateral femoral bifurcation through a Polypropylene mesh which closes the musculoaponeurotic layers of the abdominal wall...
June 8, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612116/prevention-of-parastomal-hernia-in-the-emergency-setting
#9
Anna Lykke, Johnny F B Andersen, Lars N Jorgensen, Tommie Mynster
AIM: This study assessed safety and efficacy associated with hernia prophylaxis using a retromuscular slowly resorbable synthetic mesh for stoma reinforcement. METHOD: This was a cohort study with a historic reference group. The study took place in a high-volume surgical department. During a 2-year period (July 2012-July 2014), we included 109 patients undergoing emergency surgery with formation of ileostomy or colostomy. All patients received a retromuscular slowly resorbable synthetic mesh (TIGR®, Novus Scientific) at the stoma site...
June 14, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610569/a-novel-tamponade-agent-for-management-of-post-partum-hemorrhage-adaptation-of-the-xstat-mini-sponge-applicator-for-obstetric-use
#10
Maria I Rodriguez, Jeffrey T Jensen, Kenton Gregory, Mary Bullard, Paul Longo, Jerry Heidel, Alison Edelman
BACKGROUND: Although uterine tamponade is an effective treatment for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), current methods have key limitations in their use, particularly in low resource settings. The XStat™ Mini Sponge Dressing (MSD) is approved for the management of non-compressible wounds in the battlefield/trauma setting. The MSD applies highly compressed medical sponges capable of stopping high-flow arterial bleeding within seconds. The objective of our study was to adopt the MSD for use in managing PPH...
June 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607825/cranioplasty-indications-procedures-and-outcome-an-institutional-experience
#11
Syed M Andrabi, Arif H Sarmast, Altaf R Kirmani, Abdul R Bhat
BACKGROUND: Cranioplasty, the repair of a skull vault defect by insertion of an object (bone or nonbiological materials such as metal or plastic plates), is a well-known procedure in modern neurosurgery. Brain protection and cosmetic aspects are the major indications of cranioplasty. A retroprospective study was conducted for evaluating the indications, materials used, complications, and outcome of cranioplasty. METHODS: This study was prospective from August 2013 to September 2015 and retrospective from August 2010 to July 2013...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600919/group-a-streptococci-infection-a-systematic-clinical-review-exemplified-by-cases-from-an-obstetric-department
#12
REVIEW
Line Winther Gustafson, Jan Blaakær, Rikke Bek Helmig
Group A streptococci infection has re-emerged since the 1980s and onward, despite the awareness of the etiology and the use of penicillin. It now accounts for more than 75,000 deaths worldwide every year. Postpartum women have a 20-fold increased incidence of group A streptococci disease compared to non-pregnant women. This review focuses on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, prevention and treatment of group A streptococcal infection in pregnancy. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the following electronic databases from 1980-March 2016: PubMed-Medline, Embase, SveMed+, Bibliotek...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598983/a-preclinical-evaluation-of-polypropylene-polylacticacid-hybrid-meshes-for-fascial-defect-repair-using-a-rat-abdominal-hernia-model
#13
Daniela Ulrich, Isabelle Le Teuff, Stephanie Huberlant, Patrick Carteron, Vincent Letouzey, Renaud de Tayrac
OBJECTIVES: Synthetic mesh surgery for both abdominal and urogenital hernia repair is often unsatisfactory in the long-term due to postoperative complications. We hypothesized that a semi-degradable mesh hybrid may provide more appropriate biocompatibility with comparable mechanical properties. The aim was to compare its in vivo biocompatibility with a commercial polypropylene (PP) mesh. METHODS: 72 rats were randomly allocated to either our new composite mesh (monofilament PP mesh knitted with polylactic-acid-fibers (PLA)) or to a commercially available PP mesh that was used as a control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598492/use-of-2-octyl-cyanoacrylate-adhesive-and-polyester-mesh-for-wound-closure-in-primary-knee-arthroplasty
#14
Andrew J Holte, Josef N Tofte, Greta J Dahlberg, Nicolas Noiseux
Wound closure in primary knee arthroplasty is important both for surgical success, by minimizing the risk of wound complications and infection, and for patient satisfaction with wound care and cosmesis. This article reports the use of a topical self-adhering, pressure-sensitive polyester mesh combined with 2-octyl cyanoacrylate adhesive for final skin closure of primary knee arthroplasty without external staples or sutures. During a 2.5-year period, 360 consecutive primary knee arthroplasty procedures (321 total knee arthroplasty procedures and 39 partial knee arthroplasty procedures) performed by 1 surgeon at 1 institution were reviewed...
June 9, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594679/initial-experience-with-biologic-polymer-scaffold-poly-4-hydroxybuturate-in-complex-abdominal-wall-reconstruction
#15
Joseph F Buell, David Sigmon, Christopher Ducoin, Max Shapiro, Nikhil Teja, Emmett Wynter, Mary K Hanisee, Geoffrey Parker, Emad Kandil, Michael Darden
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of the new absorbable polymer scaffold poly-4-hydroxybutyrate (P4HB) in complex abdominal wall reconstruction. BACKGROUND: Complex abdominal wall reconstruction has witnessed tremendous success in the last decade after the introduction of cadaveric biologic scaffolds. However, the use of cadaveric biologic mesh has been expensive and plagued by complications such as seroma, infection, and recurrent hernia. Despite widespread application of cadaveric biologic mesh, little data exist on the superiority of these materials in the setting of high-risk wounds in patients...
July 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585591/current-status-of-helicobacter-pylori-association-with-haematological-and-cardiovascular-diseases-a-mini-review
#16
Jibran Sualeh Muhammad, Syed Faisal Zaidi, Sheikh Abdul Saeed, Muhammad Ishaq
Helicobacter pylori infection is considered the most commonly prevalent gastrointestinal pathogen where it manages to survive despite the hostile environment of human stomach, leading to various gastric diseases including gastric cancer. Due to the chronic inflammatory state induced by H. pylori and its interaction with host immune system have diverted researchers to investigate its correlation with systemic diseases outside of the gastrointestinal tract. This literature review was done to explore the association of H...
June 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560581/antimicrobial-and-anti-biofilm-properties-of-polypropylene-meshes-coated-with-metal-containing-dlc-thin-films
#17
Elisa M Cazalini, Walter Miyakawa, Guilherme R Teodoro, Argemiro S S Sobrinho, José E Matieli, Marcos Massi, Cristiane Y Koga-Ito
A promising strategy to reduce nosocomial infections related to prosthetic meshes is the prevention of microbial colonization. To this aim, prosthetic meshes coated with antimicrobial thin films are proposed. Commercial polypropylene meshes were coated with metal-containing diamond-like carbon (Me-DLC) thin films by the magnetron sputtering technique. Several dissimilar metals (silver, cobalt, indium, tungsten, tin, aluminum, chromium, zinc, manganese, tantalum, and titanium) were tested and compositional analyses of each Me-DLC were performed by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry...
June 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559706/flap-surgical-techniques-for-incisional-hernia-recurrences-a-swine-experimental-model
#18
Florina Popa, Filip Ardelean, Cosmin Pestean, Robert Purdoiu, Oana Rosca, Alexandru Georgescu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In the age of synthetic prostheses most of hernia studies include a careful examination of the various types of prosthesis, their characteristics and their repair indications. Biological prostheses are also beginning to draw attention. But in terms of recurrence especially for poor or developing countries, the discussion is different, due to their high cost which makes them difficult to afford. In this article we present new flap reconstruction techniques for the reconstruction of the abdominal wall versus mesh repair, applied on swine models, outline the results of each technique, and specify the indications for their use...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557648/ventral-hernia-repair-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Julie L Holihan, Craig Hannon, Christopher Goodenough, Juan R Flores-Gonzalez, Kamal M Itani, Oscar Olavarria, Jiandi Mo, Tien C Ko, Lillian S Kao, Mike K Liang
BACKGROUND: From the patient's perspective, a ventral hernia (VH) can cause pain, adversely affect function, increase size, cosmetically distort the abdomen, and incarcerate/strangulate abdominal contents. The only known "cure" for a VH is surgical repair. The aim of this study was to review systematically the published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of the surgical care of VH. METHOD: A search of the Ovid, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases was performed to obtain reports of RCTs on the use of mesh reinforcement in abdominal wall hernia repair...
May 30, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554344/overview-of-nanoparticle-coating-of-dental-implants-for-enhanced-osseointegration-and-antimicrobial-purposes
#20
Feridoun Parnia, Javad Yazdani, Vahid Javaherzadeh, Solmaz Maleki Dizaj
PURPOSE: Nanomaterials are suitable candidates for coating of titanium based (Ti-based) dental implants due to their unique properties. The objective of this article is to summarize the application of nanoparticles as Ti-based implant coating materials in order to control and improve the implant success rate with focus on enhanced osseointegration and antimicrobial purposes. METHOD: This review was conducted using electronic databases and MeSH keywords to detect associated scientific literature published in English...
2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
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