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Bone cement

Sandrine Mariaux, Ulrika Furustrand Tafin, Olivier Borens
Introduction : When treating periprosthetic joint infection with a two-stage procedure, antibiotic-impregnated spacers can be used in the interval between prosthetic removal and reimplantation. In our experience, cultures of sonicated spacers are most often negative. The objective of the study was to assess whether that sonication causes an elution of antibiotics, leading to elevated antibiotic concentrations in the sonication fluid inhibiting bacterial growth and thus causing false-negative cultures. Methods : A prospective monocentric study was performed from September 2014 to March 2016...
2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Infection
Zeev Ormianer, Jonathan Block, Shlomo Matalon, Jerry Kohen
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess whether long-term implant survival rates and bone loss in patients with moderately controlled type 2 diabetes is similar to the rates reported in the nondiabetic population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective observational study utilized patient medical records from a general practitioner's dental office. The records of patients who had moderately controlled type 2 diabetes with hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) up to 8% and glucose level below 150 mg/dL were reviewed, as patients with HbA1c up to 7% are considered to be well-controlled type 2 diabetes...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Slavomir Kondoff, Atanas Drenchev, Torello Lotti, Uwe Wollina, Ilia Lozev, Ivan Pidakev, Ivan Terziev, Yavor Grigorov, Serena Gianfaldoni, Georgi Tchernev
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinomas (BCC) located in the sun-exposed regions are a serious therapeutic challenge. Therefore early diagnosis and adequate therapy should be of a high priority for every dermatologic surgeon. CASE PRESENTATION: We are presenting a patient with multiple BCCs, located on the area of the scalp, who had been treated several years ago with electrocautery and curettage after histopathological verification. However, the last few years the tumours have advanced, infiltrating firstly the tabula external and a year later the tabula interna of the cranium...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Maria Teresa Trentinaglia, Catherine Van Der Straeten, Ilaria Morelli, Nicola Logoluso, Lorenzo Drago, Carlo L Romanò
BACKGROUND: Antibacterial coatings (ABCs) of implants have proven safe and effective to reduce postsurgical infection, but little is known about their possible economic impact on large-scale use. This study evaluated the point of economic balance, during the first year after surgery, and the potential overall annual healthcare cost savings of 3 different antibacterial technologies applied to joint arthroplasty: a dual-antibiotic-loaded bone cement (COPAL G + C), an antibacterial hydrogel coating (DAC), and a silver coating (Agluna)...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Ye Jin, Daniel C Weinstein
The cement gland in Xenopus laevis has long been used as a model to study the interplay of cell signaling and transcription factors during embryogenesis. It has been shown that an intermediate level of Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP) signaling is essential for cement gland formation. In addition, several transcription factors have been linked to cement gland development. One of these, the homeodomain-containing protein Pitx1, can generate ectopic cement gland formation; however, the mechanisms underlying this process remain obscure...
March 9, 2018: Developmental Biology
Simon W Young, Mei Zhang, Grant A Moore, Rocco P Pitto, Henry D Clarke, Mark J Spangehl
BACKGROUND: In primary TKA, prophylaxis with low-dose vancomycin through intraosseous regional administration (IORA) achieves tissue concentrations six to 10 times higher than systemic administration and was shown to provide more effective prophylaxis in an animal model. However, in revision TKA, the presence of a tibial implant may compromise IORA injection, and tourniquet deflation during a prolonged procedure may lower tissue concentrations. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Does low-dose IORA reliably provide equal or higher tissue concentrations of vancomycin compared with systemic IV administration in revision TKA? (2) Are tissue concentrations of vancomycin after IORA maintained for the duration of the revision TKA despite a period of tourniquet deflation? (3) Is there any difference in early postoperative (< 6 weeks) complications between IORA and systemic IV administration in revision TKA? METHODS: Twenty patients undergoing aseptic revision TKA were randomized to two groups...
January 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Christian Rott, Franz Xaver Roithinger, Thomas Gremmel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Riikka E Koso, Cristina Terhoeve, R Grant Steen, Robert Zura
PURPOSE: Nonunion is a highly morbid complication that exacerbates the pain, disability and financial burden of distal and diaphyseal femur fractures. This study examined the modern rates of healing, nonunion, and other complications requiring reoperation of different fixation methods for distal and diaphyseal femur fractures. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of all records from PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Review system was performed. Included studies had >20 acute, non-pathologic distal or diaphyseal femur fractures treated with primary internal fixation...
March 8, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Badi Aldosari, Jean-Marc Thomassin
Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate our experience with endoscopic repair of ossicular discontinuity at the incudostapedial joint, with or without an intact stapes suprastructure, and present our hearing results. We classify results based on the causative pathology, the type of ossiculoplasty, and type of lesion. We demonstrate the ability to endoscopically place a total ossicular replacement prosthesis (TORP), measuring 4.25 mm, between the stapes footplate and the incus remnant to reestablish ossicular continuity...
September 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
O Lorbach
IMPLANT DESIGNS: Within the last 50 years, implants for shoulder replacement have developed rapidly. Monobloc-stems in few sizes were changed to modular implant systems that allow for an individual adaption of the stem, as well as adaption of the humeral head component according to the specific anatomic situation of the patient. Moreover, stemless und short stem implants are available, which may highly simplify primary implantation, especially in posttraumatic cases as well as in revision cases with a need for removal or change of the implants...
March 6, 2018: Der Orthopäde
Natalie Gaio, Alice Martino, Zacharie Toth, J Tracy Watson, Daemeon Nicolaou, Sarah McBride-Gagyi
The Masquelet technique is a surgical procedure to regenerate segmental bone defects. The two-phase treatment relies on the production of a vascularized foreign-body membrane to support bone grafts over three times larger than the traditional maximum. Historically, the procedure has always utilized a bone cement spacer to evoke membrane production. However, membrane formation can easily be effected by implant surface properties such as material and topology. This study sought to determine if the membrane's mechanical or barrier properties are affected by changing the spacer material to titanium or roughening the surface finish...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
Minxun Lu, Yongjiang Li, Yi Luo, Wenli Zhang, Yong Zhou, Chongqi Tu
BACKGROUND: Currently, it is challenging to treat massive bone defects of proximal tibia. Although numerous methods are available for reconstruction with epiphysis preservation, limitations in knee function and complications are noted with these methods. Our paper describes our attempt to reconstruct a marked defect in the proximal tibia with an uncemented three-dimensional (3D)-printed prosthesis and to evaluate the prosthesis design and short-term outcomes. CASE PRESENTATION: A 15-year-old boy with metaphyseal osteosarcoma of the tibia underwent intercalary allograft reconstruction following wide tumour resection with epiphysis preservation...
March 6, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Gorkem Kiyak, Tevfik Balikci, Ahmed Majid Heydar, Murat Bezer
Study Design: Mechanical study. Purpose: To compare the pullout strength of different screw designs and augmentation techniques in an osteoporotic bone model. Overview of Literature: Adequate bone screw pullout strength is a common problem among osteoporotic patients. Various screw designs and augmentation techniques have been developed to improve the biomechanical characteristics of the bone-screw interface. Methods: Polyurethane blocks were used to mimic human osteoporotic cancellous bone, and six different screw designs were tested...
February 2018: Asian Spine Journal
Sung-Hyun Lee, Sung-Hyun Noh, Keun-Churl Chun, Joung-Kyue Han, Churl-Hong Chun
BACKGROUND: We report the successful use of allograft-prosthesis composite (APC) and structural femoral head allografting in the bilateral reconstruction of large femoral and tibial uncontained defects during revision total knee arthroplasty (RTKA). CASE PRESENTATION: A 67-year-old female with degenerative arthritis underwent bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using the Press Fit Condylar (PFC) modular knee system at our clinic in March, 1996. At 8 years postoperatively, the patient presented with painful, bilateral varus knees, with swelling, limited passive range of motion (ROM), and severe instability...
March 2, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Pawan Kumar Hamal, Puspa Raj Poudel, Janith Singh
BACKGROUND: Bone cement implantation syndrome is a known complication causing mortality during perioperative period particularly in patients with malignancy. With rise in aging population with malignancy in low income country, the syndrome is more likely to be encountered. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of 66 years old male patient with metastatic bronchogenic carcinoma of lung with pathological proximal femur fracture of left hip that underwent a cemented endoprosthesis under combined spinal epidural anesthesia who succumbed to intraoperative mortality due to grade III bone cement implantation syndrome even after aggressive fluid resuscitation, vasopressor use, and mechanical ventilation...
March 2, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
Chiara Rossetti, Lidia Pasquinelli, Andrea Verzeletti, Giuseppe Armocida, Marta Licata, Ezio Fulcheri
An excavation conducted in 2002 by the Lombardy Archaeological Heritage in the St. Giulio Church (Cassano Magnago-Northern Italy) revealed an adult skeleton with an important alteration of the left femur. The femur, longer than the contralateral, exhibited an expansion of the full diaphysis; the surface was coarsened and porous. In cross section, it appeared that almost all the cortical bone had been converted into cancellous bone. Macroscopic and radiological alterations are suggestive of the monostotic form of Paget's disease, a chronic disorder, characterized by focal areas of excessive osteoclastic bone resorption followed by a secondary increase in osteoblastic bone formation...
March 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
Osama A Zarzour, Fernando Ruiz Santiago, Nicolas Olea Serrano, Abdelkareem Hassan Abdallah, Mostafa Ahmad El-Sharkawy, Amr Farouk Mourad
INTRODUCTION: Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is one of most therapeutic challenging lesions for orthopedic surgeons specially in large-sized lesions and lesions, which are very close to important neurovascular structures. In the present study, we express our experience in the treatment of aneurysmal bone cyst by radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFTA). METHODS: In the last two years, we have treated 20 cases (12 males & 8 females) presented with painful aneurysmal bone cysts in different anatomical locations, the age mean (±SD) is 18...
March 2018: European Journal of Radiology
Philippe Valenti, Denis Katz, Jean Kany, Jean-David Werthel
Removal of a cemented glenoid component often leads to massive glenoid bone loss, which makes it difficult to implant a new glenoid baseplate. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of revisions with a completely convertible system and to report clinical and radiographic results of a retrospective review of 13 cases. Between 2003 and 2011, 104 primary total shoulder arthroplasties (TSAs) were performed with an uncemented glenoid component in our group. Of these patients, 13 (average age, 64 years) were revised to reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) using a modular convertible platform system and were included in this study...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Brandon L Roller, Keiichi Kuroki, Chantelle C Bozynski, Ferris M Pfeiffer, James L Cook
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of a novel magnesium-based resorbable bone cement (OsteoCrete, Bone Solutions Incorporated) for anchor and tendon fixation. Cadaveric humeral testing involved straight pull-to-failure of rotator cuff suture anchors; OsteoCrete was injected through one anchor, and a second anchor served as the uninjected control. Testing was conducted 15 minutes post-injection. A canine preclinical model was used to evaluate the safety of the following parameters: Rotator cuff repair: A double-row technique was used to repair transected infraspinatus tendons; OsteoCrete was injected through both anchors in one limb, and the contralateral limb served as the uninjected control...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Paul B McLendon, Jacob L Cox, Mark A Frankle
Revision shoulder arthroplasty is becoming more prevalent as the rate of primary shoulder arthroplasty in the US continues to increase. The management of proximal humeral bone loss in the revision setting presents a difficult problem without a clear solution. Different preoperative diagnoses often lead to distinctly different patterns of bone loss. Successful management of these cases requires a clear understanding of the normal anatomy of the proximal humerus, as well as structural limitations imposed by significant bone loss and the effect this loss has on component fixation...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
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