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postgraduate pediatric medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168974/heeadsss-up-pediatric-residents-confidence-and-practice-in-adolescent-health-care-before-and-after-mandatory-adolescent-medicine-rotations-in-thailand
#1
Rosawan S Areemit, Boonying Manaboriboon, Supinya In-Iw, Jiraporn Arunakul, Wirote Areekul
Background The field of adolescent medicine is an emerging area of specialization in Thailand. Adolescent medicine was made a mandatory rotation in general pediatric residency training programs for the class of 2013. Objective This study aims to explore the difference in pediatric residents' confidence and the frequency in providing aspects of care to adolescents. Subjects Participants included two groups of pediatric residents; the former curriculum group (FCG) in 2012 and the mandatory curriculum group (MCG) in 2015...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990685/national-trends-in-otolaryngology-intern-curricula-following-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-changes
#2
Kevin J Kovatch, Rebecca S Harvey, Mark E P Prince, Marc C Thorne
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: In 2016, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements for curriculum and resident experiences were modified to require entering postgraduate year (PGY)-1 residents to spend 6 months of structured education on otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) rotations. We aimed to determine how ORL-HNS training programs have adapted curricula in response to 2016 ACGME curriculum requirement changes. STUDY DESIGN: Survey study...
October 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914856/-the-russian-consensus-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chronic-pancreatitis-enzyme-replacement-therapy
#3
I E Khatkov, I V Maev, D S Bordin, Yu A Kucheryavyi, S R Abdulkhakov, S A Alekseenko, E I Alieva, R B Alikhanov, I G Bakulin, A Yu Baranovsky, E V Beloborodova, E A Belousova, I M Buriev, E V Bystrovskaya, S V Vertyankin, L V Vinokurova, E I Galperin, A V Gorelov, V B Grinevich, M V Danilov, V V Darvin, E A Dubtsova, T G Dyuzheva, V I Egorov, M G Efanov, N V Zakharova, V E Zagainov, V T Ivashkin, R E Izrailov, N V Korochanskaya, E A Kornienko, V L Korobka, N Yu Kokhanenko, M A Livzan, I D Loranskaya, K A Nikolskaya, M F Osipenko, A V Okhlobystin, V D Pasechnikov, E Yu Plotnikova, S I Polyakova, O A Sablin, V I Simanenkov, N I Ursova, V V Tsvirkun, V V Tsukanov, A V Shabunin
Pancreatology Club Professional Medical Community, 1A.S. Loginov Moscow Clinical Research and Practical Center, Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow; 2A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow; 3Kazan State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Kazan; 4Kazan (Volga) Federal University, Kazan; 5Far Eastern State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Khabarovsk; 6Morozov City Children's Clinical Hospital, Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow; 7I...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471930/development-of-a-multidisciplinary-pediatric-surgery-fellowship
#4
Ryan Krasnosky, Jesse D Meaike, Jordan L McAndrews, Charles H Hyman, Larry H Hollier
With the rapidly changing landscape of medicine, physician assistants (PAs) have solidified their role as integral members of nearly every medical field. As PAs become leaders in smaller, more specialized fields, their duties encompass skills that they had not been exposed to in the broad, comprehensive, standard PA education. Consequently, participation in postgraduate PA education has rapidly expanded to keep up with the demand for additional training. Postgraduate PA education, frequently called "residencies" or "fellowships," offers additional specialized, hands-on, supervised clinical training along with continued didactic teaching on advanced topics...
June 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464172/initial-experience-of-a-primary-urgent-care-clinic-curriculum-and-subspecialty-lectureship-series-implementation-in-a-los-angeles-county-hospital
#5
Harsh Agrawal, Anna Martinez, Elizabeth R Volkmann, Oleg Melamed, Soma Wali
OBJECTIVES: Urgent care clinics are extremely busy in the University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA) County hospital system. We determined that residents and medical students in the internal medicine residency program who are rotating through these clinics did not receive enough teaching during their rotation. We decided to create and implement an urgent care curriculum and lectures to help achieve structure for the rotation. The goal of this series was to educate and assist residents in the primary care setting to comfortably manage subspecialty conditions, help reduce the already-overwhelmed county subspecialty referral system, and promote learning...
May 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374350/teaching-the-basics-development-and-validation-of-a-distal-radius-reduction-and-casting-model
#6
Mark A Seeley, Peter D Fabricant, J Todd R Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of reduced pediatric distal radius fractures redisplace, resulting in further treatment. Two major modifiable risk factors for loss of reduction are reduction adequacy and cast quality. Closed reduction and immobilization of distal radius fractures is an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education residency milestone. Teaching and assessing competency could be improved with a life-like simulation training tool. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Our goal was to develop and validate a realistic distal radius fracture reduction and casting simulator as determined by (1) a questionnaire regarding the "realism" of the model and (2) the quantitative assessments of reduction time, residual angulation, and displacement...
September 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144123/state-of-simulation-in-healthcare-education-an-initial-survey-in-beijing
#7
Zichen Zhao, Pengfei Niu, Xiang Ji, Robert M Sweet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In 2013, medical error was the third leading cause of death in the United States.(1) In China, as in the case with the United States, training and assessment are developing as a strategy to reduce the occurrence of such errors. The objective of this study was to assess the current state of the use of simulation-based training in Beijing and to explore the barriers to further development. METHODS: This study included hospitals in Beijing accredited by the Standardized Residency Training (SRT) program...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128705/assessing-residents-operative-skills-for-external-ventricular-drain-placement-and-shunt-surgery-in-pediatric-neurosurgery
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Guillermo Aldave, Daniel Hansen, Valentina Briceño, Thomas G Luerssen, Andrew Jea
OBJECTIVE The authors previously demonstrated the use of a validated Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) tool for evaluating residents' operative skills in pediatric neurosurgery. However, no benchmarks have been established for specific pediatric procedures despite an increased need for meaningful assessments that can either allow for early intervention for underperforming trainees or allow for proficient residents to progress to conducting operations independently with more passive supervision...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030420/changes-in-primary-care-graduate-medical-education-are-not-correlated-with-indicators-of-need-are-states-missing-an-opportunity-to-strengthen-their-primary-care-workforce
#9
Anastasia J Coutinho, Kathleen Klink, Peter Wingrove, Stephen Petterson, Robert L Phillips, Andrew Bazemore
PURPOSE: Federal and state graduate medical education (GME) funding exceeds $15 billion annually. It is critical to understand mechanisms to align undergraduate medical education (UME) and GME to meet workforce needs. This study aimed to determine whether states' primary care GME (PCGME) trainee growth correlates with indicators of need. METHOD: Data from the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile, the Association of American Medical Colleges, the American Association of the Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine, and the U...
September 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009323/-to-a-question-of-treining-of-the-neonatologists-in-residency
#10
T Klimenko, E Serdceva, T Sandulak, A Zakrevskyy, O Karapetyan
In recent years, the world and in Ukraine neonatology evolved into high-tech and quickly progressive section of the medicine, therefore preparation of experts is very important problem. Residency is the form of specialization of doctors on corresponding clinical chairs for reception of high qualifications of neonatology for possibility of competent rendering of competent and highly specialized medical care to newborns in hospitals of 3rd level. Term of training in residency is 2 years. Plan of the residency training offered by the department of neonatology Kharkiv medical academy of postgraduate education consists of sections on the basic speciality, adjacent clinical disciplines and additional programs...
November 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919878/pharmacy-residency-training-measured-through-a-standardized-knowledge-test
#11
Amy N Thompson, Brian P McKinzie, Jason S Haney, Jean M Nappi, Nicole Pilch
PURPOSE: The use of a standardized knowledge test to assess postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residency training was evaluated. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of a prospectively administered exam. A bank of questions was developed by preceptors from each of the core rotation disciplines: general medicine (including ambulatory care and oncology), pediatrics, critical care (including transplantation), drug information, operations, practice management, and psychiatry...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777663/factors-associated-with-resident-continuity-in-ambulatory-training-practices
#12
Robert J Fortuna, Lynn Garfunkel, Michael D Mendoza, Megan Ditty, Julia West, Karen Nead, Brett W Robbins
BACKGROUND : Continuity of care is a critical element of residents' educational experience in primary care programs. OBJECTIVE : We examined how continuity in resident practices compares to nonteaching practices, identified factors associated with increased continuity, and explored the association between continuity and quality measures. METHODS : We analyzed 117 235 patient visits to 4 resident practices (26 resident teams in internal medicine, pediatrics, family medicine, and medicine-pediatrics) and 270 242 visits to nonteaching community practices between July 2013 and May 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722103/rising-trends-of-neurocysticercosis-a-serological-report-from-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#13
Piriyatharisini Thamilselvan, Krishna Raj Muthuraman, Jharna Mandal, Subash Chandra Parija
INTRODUCTION: Taenia solium is a common two-host parasitic cestode, residing in both humans (definitive) and pigs (intermediate). Invasion of this parasitic cyst into central nervous system leads to a condition known as neurocysticercosis (NCC). The World Health Organization (WHO) considers NCC as one of the "most neglected" tropical zoonotic diseases. The disease is presented with pleomorphic clinical manifestations, of which epilepsy is the most common. Diagnosis of NCC is carried out by serological tests and imaging methods...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549644/reducing-the-physician-workforce-crisis-career-choice-and-graduate-medical-education-reform-in-an-emerging-arab-country
#14
Halah Ibrahim, Satish Chandrasekhar Nair, Sami Shaban, Margaret El-Zubeir
BACKGROUND: In today's interdependent world, issues of physician shortages, skill imbalances and maldistribution affect all countries. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), a nation that has historically imported its physician manpower, there is sustained investment in educational infrastructure to meet the population's healthcare needs. However, policy development and workforce planning are often hampered by limited data regarding the career choice of physicians-in-training. The purpose of this study was to determine the specialty career choice of applicants to postgraduate training programs in the UAE and factors that influence their decisions, in an effort to inform educational and health policy reform...
May 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381954/the-flipped-classroom-in-emergency-medicine-using-online-videos-with-interpolated-questions
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Emily Rose, Ilene Claudius, Ramin Tabatabai, Liza Kearl, Solomon Behar, Paul Jhun
BACKGROUND: Utilizing the flipped classroom is an opportunity for a more engaged classroom session. This educational approach is theorized to improve learner engagement and retention and allows for more complex learning during class. No studies to date have been conducted in the postgraduate medical education setting investigating the effects of interactive, interpolated questions in preclassroom online video material. OBJECTIVES: We created a flipped classroom for core pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) topics using recorded online video lectures for preclassroom material and interactive simulations for the in-classroom session...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375682/medical-errors-causes-consequences-emotional-response-and-resulting-behavioral-change
#16
Attia Bari, Rehan Ahmed Khan, Ahsan Waheed Rathore
OBJECTIVE: To determine the causes of medical errors, the emotional and behavioral response of pediatric medicine residents to their medical errors and to determine their behavior change affecting their future training. METHODS: One hundred thirty postgraduate residents were included in the study. Residents were asked to complete questionnaire about their errors and responses to their errors in three domains: emotional response, learning behavior and disclosure of the error...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303587/postgraduate-and-research-programmes-in-medicine-and-public-health-in-rwanda-an-exciting-experience-about-training-of-human-resources-for-health-in-a-limited-resources-country
#17
Jean Baptiste Kakoma
The area of Human Resources for Health (HRH) is the most critical challenge for the achievement of health related development goals in countries with limited resources. This is even exacerbated in a post conflict environment like Rwanda. The aim of this commentary is to report and share the genesis and outcomes of an exciting experience about training of qualified health workers in medicine and public health as well as setting - up of a research culture for the last nine years (2006 - 2014) in Rwanda. Many initiatives have been taken and concerned among others training of qualified health workers in medicine and public health...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274332/physician-and-medical-student-perceptions-and-expectations-of-the-pediatric-clerkship-a-qatar-experience
#18
Mohamed A Hendaus, Shabina Khan, Samar Osman, Yasser Alsamman, Tushar Khanna, Ahmed H Alhammadi
BACKGROUND: The average number of clerkship weeks required for the pediatric core rotation by the US medical schools is significantly lower than those required for internal medicine or general surgery. OBJECTIVE: The objective behind conducting this survey study was to explore the perceptions and expectations of medical students and pediatric physicians about the third-year pediatric clerkship. METHODS: An anonymous survey questionnaire was distributed to all general pediatric physicians at Hamad Medical Corporation and to students from Weill Cornell Medical College-Qatar...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262627/-perception-of-adolescent-medicine-among-french-pediatric-residents
#19
N Ibrahim, R de Tournemire, P Jacquin, C Stheneur, B Boudailliez
PURPOSE: The perception of adolescent medicine (AM) among future pediatricians in France has scarcely been explored although adolescent health care is an integral part of the pediatrician's job. Moreover, pediatric residents seem to have a lack of enthusiasm for this field. The aim of this study was to assess the beliefs and perceptions of fourth-year French pediatric residents regarding adolescents and AM. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a national electronic survey among French pediatric residents in their last year of residency...
July 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985403/the-revised-guidelines-of-the-medical-council-of-india-for-academic-promotions-need-for-a-rethink
#20
Rakesh Aggarwal, Nithya Gogtay, Rajeev Kumar, Peush Sahni
Note: This editorial is being published simultaneously in the Indian Heart Journal, Indian Journal of Anaesthesia, Indian Journal of Gastroenterology, Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology, Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology, Indian Journal of Pharmacology, Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, Indian Journal of Urology, Indian Pediatrics, International Journal of Health Research & Medicolegal Practice, Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology, Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, Journal of Clinical and Scientific Research, Journal of Conservative Dentistry, Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine, Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, and The National Medical Journal of India...
October 2015: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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