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Cristian Caimmi, Cynthia S Crowson, Wendy M Smith, Eric L Matteson, Ashima Makol
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory ocular disease (IOD) is a rare but severe extraarticular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (ExRA) with high mortality. The aim of our study was to examine clinical characteristics of IOD in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and their effect on disease severity and outcomes in recent years. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of RA patients with IOD evaluated between 1996 and 2013 was assembled and compared to RA comparators without IOD and matched for age, sex, and disease duration...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
Patrick G Lan, Adrian G Gillin, Marilena Pelosi, Jane Tooher, Puk Sandager, Jon Hyett
OBJECTIVE: Low-dose aspirin (LDA) therapy has been found to be effective in preventing the development of early-onset preeclampsia. However, its effect on late-onset preeclampsia has not been described. Our study was aimed at determining if LDA therapy prescribed from early in pregnancy modified the severity of late-onset preeclampsia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all women who were screened for early-onset preeclampsia at 11-13+6 weeks' gestation between April 2012 and October 2014 at our institution, and who subsequently developed late-onset preeclampsia...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Hannah Mary Timlin, Hildegard Nikki Hall, Barny Foot, Peter Koay
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study quantifies the threat to vision and the survival in patients presenting with peripheral ulcerative keratopathy (PUK) corneal perforation associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the UK. METHODS: New cases of corneal perforation from PUK in patients with RA were prospectively collected from the UK via the British Ophthalmological Surveillance Unit from July 2012 to June 2014. An initial questionnaire collected data on presentation and the first 2 weeks' management, and a follow-up questionnaire collected 1-year data on ocular morbidity and mortality...
December 15, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Camilla Lindahl, Stefan Wagner, Niels Uldbjerg, Jacob Mørup Schlütter, Olav Bertelsen, Puk Sandager
Hypertensive disease and preeclampsia are serious medical disorders affecting pregnancy. Screening in early pregnancy may identify women at risk of developing hypertensive disease and enable prophylactic treatment. Accurate blood pressure measurement is an important part of this screening. The aim of this study was to investigate whether patients, with the aid of a context-aware sensor-based blood pressure self-measurement system, were able to correctly self-measure their blood pressure adhering to internationally established recommendations...
July 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
K Puk, T Banach, A Wawrzyniak, Ł Adaszek, J Ziętek, S Winiarczyk, L Guz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
Lillian Garrett, Lore Becker, Jan Rozman, Oliver Puk, Tobias Stoeger, Ali Önder Yildirim, Alexander Bohla, Oliver Eickelberg, Wolfgang Hans, Cornelia Prehn, Jerzy Adamski, Thomas Klopstock, Ildikó Rácz, Andreas Zimmer, Martin Klingenspor, Helmut Fuchs, Valerie Gailus-Durner, Wolfgang Wurst, Martin Hrabě de Angelis, Jochen Graw, Sabine M Hölter
In neuropsychiatric diseases, such as major depression and anxiety, pathogenic vulnerability is partially dictated by a genetic predisposition. The search continues to define this genetic susceptibility and establish new genetic elements as potential therapeutic targets. The fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) could be interesting in this regard. This family of signaling molecules plays important roles in development while also functioning within the adult. This includes effects on aspects of brain function such as neurogenesis and synapse formation...
July 10, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
Emmeli Mikkelsen, Henrik Lauridsen, Per Mose Nielsen, Haiyun Qi, Thomas Nørlinger, Maria Dahl Andersen, Niels Uldbjerg, Christoffer Laustsen, Puk Sandager, Michael Pedersen
Several parameters are important when choosing the most appropriate animal to model human obstetrics, including gestation period, number of fetuses per gestation and placental structure. The domesticated long-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) is a well-suited and appropriate animal model of pregnancy that often will carry only one offspring and has a long gestation period of 105-115 days. Furthermore, the chinchilla placenta is of the haemomonochorial labyrinthine type and is therefore comparable to the human villous haemomonochorial placenta...
April 2017: Royal Society Open Science
Iben Sundtoft, Jens Langhoff-Roos, Puk Sandager, Steffen Sommer, Niels Uldbjerg
INTRODUCTION: Preterm cervical shortening and cervical insufficiency may be caused by a constitutional weakness of the cervix. The aim of this study was to assess the cervical collagen concentration in non-pregnant women with a history of cervical insufficiency or of a short cervix in the second trimester of pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this case-control study we included non-pregnant women one year or more after pregnancy: 55 controls with a history of normal delivery; 27 women with a history of cervical insufficiency; and 10 women with a history of a short cervix (<5th percentile) and 10 women with a history of a long cervix (>95th percentile) at gestational weeks 18-20...
August 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Puk Faxe Sabinsky, Ole Næsbye Larsen, Magnus Wahlberg, Jakob Tougaard
Male harbor seals gather around breeding sites for competitive mating displays. Here, they produce underwater vocalizations possibly to attract females and/or scare off other males. These calls offer prospects for passive acoustic monitoring. Acoustic monitoring requires a good understanding of natural variation in calling behavior both temporally and among geographically separate sites. Such variation in call structure and calling patterns were studied in harbor seal vocalizations recorded at three locations in Danish and Swedish waters...
March 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
S Hardy, K Hashemi, M Catanese, M Candil, P Zufferey, E Gabison, Y Guex-Crosier
Background Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic and common inflammatory autoimmune disease. This primarily involves the synovia of the joints, but can cause many extra-articular manifestations as well, including peripheral ulcerative keratitis (PUK) and necrotising scleritis. These are often a threat to vision; they significantly compromise not only the eye's structural integrity but are also important for prognosis and need urgent management. History and signs Three cases of peripheral ulcerative keratitis associated with rheumatoid arthritis were recorded in the electronic databank of the Jules Gonin Uveitis Clinic, two with necrotising scleritis and peripheral ulcerative keratitis and one with only peripheral ulcerative keratitis...
April 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Helmut Fuchs, Sibylle Sabrautzki, Gerhard K H Przemeck, Stefanie Leuchtenberger, Bettina Lorenz-Depiereux, Lore Becker, Birgit Rathkolb, Marion Horsch, Lillian Garrett, Manuela A Östereicher, Wolfgang Hans, Koichiro Abe, Nobuho Sagawa, Jan Rozman, Ingrid L Vargas-Panesso, Michael Sandholzer, Thomas S Lisse, Thure Adler, Juan Antonio Aguilar-Pimentel, Julia Calzada-Wack, Nicole Ehrhard, Ralf Elvert, Christine Gau, Sabine M Hölter, Katja Micklich, Kristin Moreth, Cornelia Prehn, Oliver Puk, Ildiko Racz, Claudia Stoeger, Alexandra Vernaleken, Dian Michel, Susanne Diener, Thomas Wieland, Jerzy Adamski, Raffi Bekeredjian, Dirk H Busch, John Favor, Jochen Graw, Martin Klingenspor, Christoph Lengger, Holger Maier, Frauke Neff, Markus Ollert, Tobias Stoeger, Ali Önder Yildirim, Tim M Strom, Andreas Zimmer, Eckhard Wolf, Wolfgang Wurst, Thomas Klopstock, Johannes Beckers, Valerie Gailus-Durner, Martin Hrabé de Angelis
The vertebrate Scube (Signal peptide, CUB, and EGF-like domain-containing protein) family consists of three independent members, Scube1-3, which encode secreted cell surface-associated membrane glycoproteins. Limited information about the general function of this gene family is available, and their roles during adulthood. Here, we present the first Scube3 mutant mouse line (Scube3(N294K/N294K)), which clearly shows phenotypic alterations by carrying a missense mutation in exon 8, and thus contributes to our understanding of SCUBE3 functions...
December 7, 2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Nazanin Ebrahimiadib, Bobeck S Modjtahedi, Ramak Roohipoor, Stephen D Anesi, C Stephen Foster
PURPOSE: Management of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA)-associated peripheral ulcerative keratitis (PUK) is challenging and lacks definite guidelines. We aimed to summarize our treatment and outcome experience with patients with GPA-PUK. METHODS: The Massachusetts Eye Research and Surgery Institution patient database was searched from 2005 to 2015 to identify patients with diagnosis of PUK who suffered from GPA. Individual patient histories were examined, and treatment strategies and outcomes were summarized...
November 2016: Cornea
Lau Brix, Steffen Ringgaard, Puk Sandager, Olav Bjørn Petersen, Thomas Sangild Sørensen, Erik Lundorf, Brian Stausbøl-Grøn
OBJECTIVE: Foetal MRI has become an established image modality in the prenatal diagnosis of CNS anomalies, but image quality can be severely affected by foetal movements. The objective was to overcome these inherent motion problems by applying interactive real-time MRI and to evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of the applied real-time MRI sequence in relation to standard protocols. METHODS: Ten healthy foetuses (gestation week 21·3 ± 0·5) were scanned using a system, which allowed visual feedback and interactive slice positioning in real time...
November 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Dagmara Stepień-Pyśniak, Krzysztof Puk, Leszek Guz, Agata Wawrzyniak, Agnieszka Marek, Urszula Kosikowska
Avian tuberculosis, one of the most important diseases affecting various species of birds, is most often caused by Mycobacterium (M.) avium. This report describes cases of M. avium subsp. avium (MAA) infection in a white-crested Holland dwarf rooster, a male and a female golden pheasant and a male peacock. We also investigated the prevalence of mycobacteria in 60 other birds and 40 alpacas. Tissue samples of necropsied birds were cultured for mycobacteria. From non-necropsied 60 other birds and alpacas only faecal samples were collected...
January 2016: Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
Tarun Arora, Namrata Sharma, Adarsh Shashni, Jeewan S Titiyal
A 16-year-old girl presented with pain, redness, watering, and blurring of vision in her right eye. Slit lamp examination revealed the presence of peripheral ulcerative keratitis (PUK) and nodular scleritis. On clinical examination, the patient had stunted growth, low body mass index, and enlarged axillary nodes. Giardia cysts were present in the stool sample and histopathology of axillary lymph nodes showed caseating necrosis suggestive of tuberculosis (TB). A diagnosis of PUK with chronic malabsorption syndrome secondary to giardiasis and miliary TB was made...
September 2015: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
Bryn M Burkholder, Irene C Kuo
PURPOSE: We report a case of a patient with a history of glomerulonephropathy, not disclosed prior to laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), who developed severe postoperative peripheral ulcerative keratitis (PUK) soon after surgery. METHOD: Case report. RESULTS: Within a week of surgery, the patient, who had no blepharitis or ocular surface disease, also developed diffuse lamellar keratitis (DLK) that was not contiguous with the PUK. Microbiologic evaluation of the flap interface disclosed no organisms, and no epithelial ingrowth was found...
January 2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Cheng-Wei Lu, Dan-Dan Zhou, Jiao Wang, Ji-Long Hao
The efficacy of surgical management of refractory ophthalmic complications of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), which is a sight threatening was reported. A 70-year-old man presented with a progressively worsening pain and redness in his right eye during the previous 6 months, and decreasing visual acuity that started one month earlier. He was misdiagnosed and treated as keratitis elsewhere, but the pain has not decreased. The diagnosis of necrotizing scleritis with peripheral ulcerative keratitis (PUK) in GPA was made in our department...
February 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Yong Yao Chun, Jun Kit Wang, Nguan Soon Tan, Peggy Puk Yik Chan, Timothy Thatt Yang Tan, Cleo Choong
A 3D injectable hydrogel-bioceramic composite consisting of gelatin-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) propionic acid (Gtn-HPA) and carboxymethyl cellulose-tyramine (CMC-Tyr), incorporated with fish scale-derived calcium phosphate (CaP), is developed for bone applications. The hydrogel-bioceramic composite has significantly improved the elastic modulus compared to the non-filled hydrogel, of which the addition of 10 w/v% CaP showed zero order fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran release profile and a significantly higher proliferation rate of encapsulated cells...
February 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Séverine Marcos, Monica González-Lázaro, Leonardo Beccari, Laura Carramolino, Maria Jesus Martin-Bermejo, Oana Amarie, Daniel Mateos-San Martín, Carlos Torroja, Ozren Bogdanović, Roisin Doohan, Oliver Puk, Martin Hrabě de Angelis, Jochen Graw, Jose Luis Gomez-Skarmeta, Fernando Casares, Miguel Torres, Paola Bovolenta
Microphthalmos is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by reduced eye size and visual deficits of variable degree. Sporadic and hereditary microphthalmos have been associated with heterozygous mutations in genes fundamental for eye development. Yet, many cases are idiopathic or await the identification of molecular causes. Here we show that haploinsufficiency of Meis1, which encodes a transcription factor with evolutionarily conserved expression in the embryonic trunk, brain and sensory organs, including the eye, causes microphthalmic traits and visual impairment in adult mice...
September 1, 2015: Development
Martin Hrabě de Angelis, George Nicholson, Mohammed Selloum, Jacqui White, Hugh Morgan, Ramiro Ramirez-Solis, Tania Sorg, Sara Wells, Helmut Fuchs, Martin Fray, David J Adams, Niels C Adams, Thure Adler, Antonio Aguilar-Pimentel, Dalila Ali-Hadji, Gregory Amann, Philippe André, Sarah Atkins, Aurelie Auburtin, Abdel Ayadi, Julien Becker, Lore Becker, Elodie Bedu, Raffi Bekeredjian, Marie-Christine Birling, Andrew Blake, Joanna Bottomley, Mike Bowl, Véronique Brault, Dirk H Busch, James N Bussell, Julia Calzada-Wack, Heather Cater, Marie-France Champy, Philippe Charles, Claire Chevalier, Francesco Chiani, Gemma F Codner, Roy Combe, Roger Cox, Emilie Dalloneau, André Dierich, Armida Di Fenza, Brendan Doe, Arnaud Duchon, Oliver Eickelberg, Chris T Esapa, Lahcen El Fertak, Tanja Feigel, Irina Emelyanova, Jeanne Estabel, Jack Favor, Ann Flenniken, Alessia Gambadoro, Lilian Garrett, Hilary Gates, Anna-Karin Gerdin, George Gkoutos, Simon Greenaway, Lisa Glasl, Patrice Goetz, Isabelle Goncalves Da Cruz, Alexander Götz, Jochen Graw, Alain Guimond, Wolfgang Hans, Geoff Hicks, Sabine M Hölter, Heinz Höfler, John M Hancock, Robert Hoehndorf, Tertius Hough, Richard Houghton, Anja Hurt, Boris Ivandic, Hughes Jacobs, Sylvie Jacquot, Nora Jones, Natasha A Karp, Hugo A Katus, Sharon Kitchen, Tanja Klein-Rodewald, Martin Klingenspor, Thomas Klopstock, Valerie Lalanne, Sophie Leblanc, Christoph Lengger, Elise le Marchand, Tonia Ludwig, Aline Lux, Colin McKerlie, Holger Maier, Jean-Louis Mandel, Susan Marschall, Manuel Mark, David G Melvin, Hamid Meziane, Kateryna Micklich, Christophe Mittelhauser, Laurent Monassier, David Moulaert, Stéphanie Muller, Beatrix Naton, Frauke Neff, Patrick M Nolan, Lauryl Mj Nutter, Markus Ollert, Guillaume Pavlovic, Natalia S Pellegata, Emilie Peter, Benoit Petit-Demoulière, Amanda Pickard, Christine Podrini, Paul Potter, Laurent Pouilly, Oliver Puk, David Richardson, Stephane Rousseau, Leticia Quintanilla-Fend, Mohamed M Quwailid, Ildiko Racz, Birgit Rathkolb, Fabrice Riet, Janet Rossant, Michel Roux, Jan Rozman, Ed Ryder, Jennifer Salisbury, Luis Santos, Karl-Heinz Schäble, Evelyn Schiller, Anja Schrewe, Holger Schulz, Ralf Steinkamp, Michelle Simon, Michelle Stewart, Claudia Stöger, Tobias Stöger, Minxuan Sun, David Sunter, Lydia Teboul, Isabelle Tilly, Glauco P Tocchini-Valentini, Monica Tost, Irina Treise, Laurent Vasseur, Emilie Velot, Daniela Vogt-Weisenhorn, Christelle Wagner, Alison Walling, Bruno Weber, Olivia Wendling, Henrik Westerberg, Monja Willershäuser, Eckhard Wolf, Anne Wolter, Joe Wood, Wolfgang Wurst, Ali Önder Yildirim, Ramona Zeh, Andreas Zimmer, Annemarie Zimprich, Chris Holmes, Karen P Steel, Yann Herault, Valérie Gailus-Durner, Ann-Marie Mallon, Steve Dm Brown
The function of the majority of genes in the mouse and human genomes remains unknown. The mouse embryonic stem cell knockout resource provides a basis for the characterization of relationships between genes and phenotypes. The EUMODIC consortium developed and validated robust methodologies for the broad-based phenotyping of knockouts through a pipeline comprising 20 disease-oriented platforms. We developed new statistical methods for pipeline design and data analysis aimed at detecting reproducible phenotypes with high power...
September 2015: Nature Genetics
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