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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330546/older-mothers-and-increased-impact-of-prenatal-screening-stable-livebirth-prevalence-of-trisomy-21-in-the-netherlands-for-the-period-2000-2013
#1
Maurike D de Groot-van der Mooren, Saskia Tamminga, Dick Oepkes, Michel E Weijerman, Martina C Cornel
In the Netherlands, there is no registry system regarding the livebirth prevalence of trisomy 21 (T21). In 2007, a national screening programme was introduced for all pregnant women, which may have changed the livebirth prevalence of T21. The aim of this study is to analyse trends in factors that influence livebirth prevalence of T21 and to estimate the livebirth prevalence of T21 for the period of 2000-2013. National data sets were used on the following: (1) livebirths according to maternal age and (2) prenatal testing and termination of pregnancy (ToP) following diagnosis of T21...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321538/sweep-dynamics-sd-plots-computational-identification-of-selective-sweeps-to-monitor-the-adaptation-of-influenza-a-viruses
#2
Thorsten R Klingen, Susanne Reimering, Jens Loers, Kyra Mooren, Frank Klawonn, Thomas Krey, Gülsah Gabriel, Alice C McHardy
Monitoring changes in influenza A virus genomes is crucial to understand its rapid evolution and adaptation to changing conditions e.g. establishment within novel host species. Selective sweeps represent a rapid mode of adaptation and are typically observed in human influenza A viruses. We describe Sweep Dynamics (SD) plots, a computational method combining phylogenetic algorithms with statistical techniques to characterize the molecular adaptation of rapidly evolving viruses from longitudinal sequence data...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276101/cd44-is-required-for-the-pathogenesis-of-experimental-crescentic-glomerulonephritis-and-collapsing-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis
#3
Jennifer Eymael, Shagun Sharma, Markus A Loeven, Jack F Wetzels, Fieke Mooren, Sandrine Florquin, Jeroen K Deegens, Brigith K Willemsen, Vikram Sharma, Toin H van Kuppevelt, Marinka A Bakker, Tammo Ostendorf, Marcus J Moeller, Henry B Dijkman, Bart Smeets, Johan van der Vlag
A key feature of glomerular diseases such as crescentic glomerulonephritis and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis is the activation, migration and proliferation of parietal epithelial cells. CD44-positive activated parietal epithelial cells have been identified in proliferative cellular lesions in glomerular disease. However, it remains unknown whether CD44-positive parietal epithelial cells contribute to the pathogenesis of scarring glomerular diseases. Here, we evaluated this in experimental crescentic glomerulonephritis and the transgenic anti-Thy1...
December 21, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274540/low-to-moderate-intensity-aerobic-exercise-training-modulates-irritable-bowel-syndrome-through-antioxidative-and-inflammatory-mechanisms-in-women-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Behzad Hajizadeh Maleki, Bakhtyar Tartibian, Frank C Mooren, Leah Z FitzGerald, Karsten Krüger, Mohammad Chehrazi, Abbas Malandish
Our aim was to explore the putative beneficial effects of low-to-moderate intensity exercise training program in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This study evaluated the changes in blood oxidative stress status, inflammatory biomarkers and IBS severity symptoms following 24 weeks of moderate aerobic exercise in sedentary IBS patients. A total of 109 female volunteers (aged 18-41 yrs) who fulfilled Rome III criteria for the diagnosis of IBS were screened and 60 were randomized to exercise (EX, n = 30) and non-exercise (NON-EX, n = 30) groups...
December 20, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240907/primary-care-for-refugees-and-newly-arrived-migrants-in-europe-a-qualitative-study-on-health-needs-barriers-and-wishes
#5
Tessa van Loenen, Maria van den Muijsenbergh, Marrigje Hofmeester, Christopher Dowrick, Nadja van Ginneken, Enkeleint Aggelos Mechili, Agapi Angelaki, Dean Ajdukovic, Helena Bakic, Danica Rotar Pavlic, Erika Zelko, Kathryn Hoffmann, Elena Jirovsky, Elisabeth Sophie Mayrhuber, Michel Dückers, Trudy Mooren, Juul Gouweloos-Trines, László Kolozsvári, Imre Rurik, Christos Lionis
Background: In order to provide effective primary care for refugees and to develop interventions tailored to them, we must know their needs. Little is known of the health needs and experiences of recently arrived refugees and other migrants throughout their journey through Europe. We aimed to gain insight into their health needs, barriers in access and wishes regarding primary health care. Methods: In the spring of 2016, we conducted a qualitative, comparative case study in seven EU countries in a centre of first arrival, two transit centres, two intermediate-stay centres and two longer-stay centres using a Participatory Learning and Action research methodology...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212473/case-report-bilateral-mooren-ulcer-in-association-with-hepatitis-c
#6
Vesa Aaltonen, Mari Alavesa, Laura Pirilä, Eija Vesti, Mohammad Al-Juhaish
BACKGROUND: Mooren ulcer has been considered as an idiopathic autoimmune keratitis. However, it has been in some cases suggested to be associated with hepatitis C, although the evidence is very vague. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a man who was diagnosed with a primary Mooren ulcer in his right eye. The eye became blind despite of intensive treatment with local medications and extensive surgical procedures. After 10 years, the patient was diagnosed with the same disease, now in his left, previously healthy eye...
December 6, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210839/cataract-surgery-in-ocular-surface-diseases-clinical-challenges-and-outcomes
#7
REVIEW
Virender S Sangwan, Swati Gupta, Shilpa Das
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cataracts are a significant cause of blindness and visual impairment worldwide. With the recent advances in cataract surgery techniques, outcomes have improved significantly in uncomplicated cases. This article discusses the challenges and outcomes of cataract surgery in complex cases targeting eyes with ocular surface diseases like Stevens-Johnson syndrome, ocular cicatricial pemphigoid, Mooren's ulcer, vernal keratoconjunctivitis and limbal stem cell deficiency. RECENT FINDINGS: Ocular surface diseases are commonly associated with corneal scarring and vascularization, conjunctival inflammation, symblepharon and forniceal shortening...
January 2018: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092860/exercise-training-reverses-inflammation-and-muscle-wasting-after-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#8
Karsten Krüger, Michael Seimetz, Robert Ringseis, Jochen Wilhelm, Alexandra Pichl, Aline Couturier, Klaus Eder, Norbert Weissmann, Frank C Mooren
Long term cigarette smoking induces inflammatory processes in the pulmonary system which are suggested to "spill over" into systemic inflammation. Regular exercise has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of therapeutic exercise on inflammation and muscle wasting in smoke-exposed mice. C57BL/6J-mice (n = 30) were separated into three groups to receive either: (1) controls with no specific treatment (Con group), (2) 8 months exposure to cigarette smoke (smoke-exposed (SE) group), (3) 8 months of cigarette smoke combined with exercise training during the last 2 months (SEex group)...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063632/highway-driving-safety-the-day-after-using-sleep-medication-the-direction-of-lapses-and-excursions-out-of-lane-in-drowsy-drivers
#9
Joris C Verster, Loes Mooren, Adriana C Bervoets, Thomas Roth
The primary outcome measure of the on-road driving test is the Standard Deviation of Lateral Position. However, other outcome measures, such as lapses and excursions out-of-lane, also need to be considered as they may be related to crash risk. The aim of this study was to determine the direction of lapses and excursions out-of-lane (i.e. towards/into the adjacent traffic lane or towards/into the road shoulder). In total, data from 240 driving tests were re-analysed, and 628 lapses and 401 excursions out-of-lane were identified...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985822/mooren-s-ulcerative-keratitis-after-systemic-pegylated-interferon-alpha2a-in-chronic-hepatitis-c
#10
Joon Hyung Yeo, Kyoung Woo Kim, Jae Chan Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936057/unusual-case-of-acute-corneal-hydrops-in-mooren-s-ulcer-treated-with-intracameral-injection-of-perfluoropropane
#11
Manisha Acharya, Abhishek Dave, Umang Mathur
A 15-year-old boy was diagnosed with Mooren's ulcer in the right eye at our cornea clinic. On treatment, he developed acute corneal hydrops, and the vision in the right eye dropped to perception of light. The patient was treated with intracameral injection of perfluoropropane (C3F8) gas which resulted in complete resolution of corneal edema. Contact lens fitting yielded a good visual outcome with a best-corrected visual acuity of 20/80. To the best of our knowledge, this is the only case reporting the occurrence of acute corneal hydrops in a child with Mooren's ulcer...
April 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917404/clinical-course-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-mooren-ulcer-who-had-cataract-surgery
#12
Shilpa Das, Ashik Mohamed, Virender S Sangwan
PURPOSE: To report outcomes of cataract surgery in patients with Mooren ulcer. SETTING: L.V. Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: The medical records of patients with Mooren ulcer who had cataract surgery between 2000 and 2015 were assessed. The main outcome measures were the role of preoperative immunosuppression and disease inactivity, cataract surgery safety, visual outcomes, and postoperative ulcer recurrence...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845087/lives-on-hold-a-qualitative-study-of-young-refugees-resilience-strategies
#13
Marieke Sleijpen, Trudy Mooren, Rolf J Kleber, Hennie R Boeije
Although the literature on positive adjustment following traumatic events is growing, only a few studies have examined this phenomenon in young refugees. Using the social-ecological framework, the aim of this study was to identify factors and processes that according to young refugees promote their resilience. A total of 16 treatment-seeking refugees aged 13-21 years, living in the Netherlands, were interviewed. Data analysis revealed four resilience strategies: (1) acting autonomously, (2) performing at school, (3) perceiving support from peers and parents, and (4) participating in the new society...
August 2017: Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759464/pharmacokinetics-and-bioavailability-of-inhaled-esketamine-in-healthy-volunteers
#14
Kelly Jonkman, Andreas Duma, Erik Olofsen, Thomas Henthorn, Monique van Velzen, René Mooren, Liesbeth Siebers, Jojanneke van den Beukel, Leon Aarts, Marieke Niesters, Albert Dahan
BACKGROUND: Esketamine is traditionally administered via intravenous or intramuscular routes. In this study we developed a pharmacokinetic model of inhalation of nebulized esketamine with special emphasis on pulmonary absorption and bioavailability. METHODS: Three increasing doses of inhaled esketamine (dose escalation from 25 to 100 mg) were applied followed by a single intravenous dose (20 mg) in 19 healthy volunteers using a nebulizer system and arterial concentrations of esketamine and esnorketamine were obtained...
October 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755104/the-effects-of-intranasal-esketamine-84-mg-and-oral-mirtazapine-30-mg-on-on-road-driving-performance-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#15
Aurora J A E van de Loo, Adriana C Bervoets, Loes Mooren, Noor H Bouwmeester, Johan Garssen, Rob Zuiker, Guido van Amerongen, Joop van Gerven, Jaskaran Singh, Peter Van der Ark, Maggie Fedgchin, Randall Morrison, Ewa Wajs, Joris C Verster
RATIONALE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the single dose effect of intranasal esketamine (84 mg) compared to placebo on on-road driving performance. Mirtazapine (oral, 30 mg) was used as a positive control, as this antidepressant drug is known to negatively affect driving performance. METHODS: Twenty-six healthy volunteers aged 21 to 60 years were enrolled in this study. In the evening, 8 h after treatment administration, participants conducted the standardized 100-km on-road driving test...
November 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740737/clinical-characteristics-and-risk-factors-of-recurrent-mooren-s-ulcer
#16
Lixia Yang, Juan Xiao, Jiawei Wang, Han Zhang
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical characteristics of Mooren's ulcer in East China and to identify the potential risk factors that affect the recurrence of Mooren's ulcer. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 95 patients (100 eyes) diagnosed with Mooren's ulcer from May 2005 to December 2014. The patients were classified into recurrent and nonrecurrent groups and followed up for 18 months. The difference between two groups was estimated. The patients in the recurrent group were subdivided according to the history of corneal infection and corneal perforation, respectively...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716777/customised-crescentic-corneal-transplant-with-conjunctival-resection-in-an-atypical-case-of-malignant-mooren-s-ulcer
#17
Jayanand Urkude, Rashmi Singh, Manthan Chaniyara, Amar Pujari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680563/effects-of-exercise-training-on-pulmonary-hemodynamics-functional-capacity-and-inflammation-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#18
REVIEW
Manuel J Richter, Jan Grimminger, Britta Krüger, Hossein A Ghofrani, Frank C Mooren, Henning Gall, Christian Pilat, Karsten Krüger
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by severe exercise limitation mainly attributed to the impairment of right ventricular function resulting from a concomitant elevation of pulmonary vascular resistance and pressure. The unquestioned cornerstone in the management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is specific vasoactive medical therapy to improve pulmonary hemodynamics and strengthen right ventricular function. Nevertheless, evidence for a beneficial effect of exercise training (ET) on pulmonary hemodynamics and functional capacity in patients with PH has been growing during the past decade...
March 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619029/rapid-deterioration-of-mooren-s-ulcers-after-conjunctival-flap-a-review-of-2-cases
#19
REVIEW
Saiqun Li, Yuqing Deng, Caiyuan Du, Haixiang Huang, Jing Zhong, Ling Chen, Bowen Wang, Jin Yuan
BACKGROUND: Conjunctival flaps are a widely used treatment for numerous corneal ulcers that are caused by microorganismal infections. However, whether it can be performed on immune-mediated corneal ulcers is controversial. CASE PRESENTATION: We present two cases of Mooren's ulcer that were treated using conjunctival flap in an attempt to prevent further corneal perforation at their local hospital. A rapid acceleration in ulcer progression was observed after a conjunctival flap was applied...
June 15, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529886/disseminated-mycobacterium-abscessus-infection-in-a-peritoneal-dialysis-patient
#20
Vincent H J F Mooren, Michiel W P Bleeker, Jakko van Ingen, Mirjam H A Hermans, Peter C Wever
A disseminated peritoneal dialysis-related Mycobacterium abscessus infection is very rare. M. abscessus belongs to the rapidly growing mycobacteria and can be misidentified as a diphtheroid bacterium, which in our case delayed diagnosis and optimal treatment. Due to intrinsic resistance to most antimicrobials, therapeutic options in M. abscessus infections are limited. Infection often leads to catheter loss. A fatal outcome, like in our case, is not exceptional.
2017: IDCases
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