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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092860/exercise-training-reverses-inflammation-and-muscle-wasting-after-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#1
Karsten Krüger, Michael Seimetz, Robert Ringseis, Jochen Wilhelm, Alexandra Pichl, Aline Couturier, Klaus Eder, Norbert Weissmann, Frank C Mooren
Long term cigarette smoking induces inflammatory processes in the pulmonary system which are suggested to "spill over" into systemic inflammation. Regular exercise has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of therapeutic exercise on inflammation and muscle wasting in smoke-exposed mice. C57BL/6J-mice (n = 30) were separated into three groups to receive either: (1) controls with no specific treatment (Con group), (2) 8 months exposure to cigarette smoke (smoke-exposed (SE) group), (3) 8 months of cigarette smoke combined with exercise training during the last 2 months (SEex group)...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063632/highway-driving-safety-the-day-after-using-sleep-medication-the-direction-of-lapses-and-excursions-out-of-lane-in-drowsy-drivers
#2
Joris C Verster, Loes Mooren, Adriana C Bervoets, Thomas Roth
The primary outcome measure of the on-road driving test is the Standard Deviation of Lateral Position. However, other outcome measures, such as lapses and excursions out-of-lane, also need to be considered as they may be related to crash risk. The aim of this study was to determine the direction of lapses and excursions out-of-lane (i.e. towards/into the adjacent traffic lane or towards/into the road shoulder). In total, data from 240 driving tests were re-analysed, and 628 lapses and 401 excursions out-of-lane were identified...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985822/mooren-s-ulcerative-keratitis-after-systemic-pegylated-interferon-alpha2a-in-chronic-hepatitis-c
#3
Joon Hyung Yeo, Kyoung Woo Kim, Jae Chan Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936057/unusual-case-of-acute-corneal-hydrops-in-mooren-s-ulcer-treated-with-intracameral-injection-of-perfluoropropane
#4
Manisha Acharya, Abhishek Dave, Umang Mathur
A 15-year-old boy was diagnosed with Mooren's ulcer in the right eye at our cornea clinic. On treatment, he developed acute corneal hydrops, and the vision in the right eye dropped to perception of light. The patient was treated with intracameral injection of perfluoropropane (C3F8) gas which resulted in complete resolution of corneal edema. Contact lens fitting yielded a good visual outcome with a best-corrected visual acuity of 20/80. To the best of our knowledge, this is the only case reporting the occurrence of acute corneal hydrops in a child with Mooren's ulcer...
April 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917404/clinical-course-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-mooren-ulcer-who-had-cataract-surgery
#5
Shilpa Das, Ashik Mohamed, Virender S Sangwan
PURPOSE: To report outcomes of cataract surgery in patients with Mooren ulcer. SETTING: L.V. Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: The medical records of patients with Mooren ulcer who had cataract surgery between 2000 and 2015 were assessed. The main outcome measures were the role of preoperative immunosuppression and disease inactivity, cataract surgery safety, visual outcomes, and postoperative ulcer recurrence...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845087/lives-on-hold-a-qualitative-study-of-young-refugees-resilience-strategies
#6
Marieke Sleijpen, Trudy Mooren, Rolf J Kleber, Hennie R Boeije
Although the literature on positive adjustment following traumatic events is growing, only a few studies have examined this phenomenon in young refugees. Using the social-ecological framework, the aim of this study was to identify factors and processes that according to young refugees promote their resilience. A total of 16 treatment-seeking refugees aged 13-21 years, living in the Netherlands, were interviewed. Data analysis revealed four resilience strategies: (1) acting autonomously, (2) performing at school, (3) perceiving support from peers and parents, and (4) participating in the new society...
August 2017: Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759464/pharmacokinetics-and-bioavailability-of-inhaled-esketamine-in-healthy-volunteers
#7
Kelly Jonkman, Andreas Duma, Erik Olofsen, Thomas Henthorn, Monique van Velzen, René Mooren, Liesbeth Siebers, Jojanneke van den Beukel, Leon Aarts, Marieke Niesters, Albert Dahan
BACKGROUND: Esketamine is traditionally administered via intravenous or intramuscular routes. In this study we developed a pharmacokinetic model of inhalation of nebulized esketamine with special emphasis on pulmonary absorption and bioavailability. METHODS: Three increasing doses of inhaled esketamine (dose escalation from 25 to 100 mg) were applied followed by a single intravenous dose (20 mg) in 19 healthy volunteers using a nebulizer system and arterial concentrations of esketamine and esnorketamine were obtained...
October 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755104/the-effects-of-intranasal-esketamine-84-mg-and-oral-mirtazapine-30-mg-on-on-road-driving-performance-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#8
Aurora J A E van de Loo, Adriana C Bervoets, Loes Mooren, Noor H Bouwmeester, Johan Garssen, Rob Zuiker, Guido van Amerongen, Joop van Gerven, Jaskaran Singh, Peter Van der Ark, Maggie Fedgchin, Randall Morrison, Ewa Wajs, Joris C Verster
RATIONALE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the single dose effect of intranasal esketamine (84 mg) compared to placebo on on-road driving performance. Mirtazapine (oral, 30 mg) was used as a positive control, as this antidepressant drug is known to negatively affect driving performance. METHODS: Twenty-six healthy volunteers aged 21 to 60 years were enrolled in this study. In the evening, 8 h after treatment administration, participants conducted the standardized 100-km on-road driving test...
November 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740737/clinical-characteristics-and-risk-factors-of-recurrent-mooren-s-ulcer
#9
Lixia Yang, Juan Xiao, Jiawei Wang, Han Zhang
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical characteristics of Mooren's ulcer in East China and to identify the potential risk factors that affect the recurrence of Mooren's ulcer. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 95 patients (100 eyes) diagnosed with Mooren's ulcer from May 2005 to December 2014. The patients were classified into recurrent and nonrecurrent groups and followed up for 18 months. The difference between two groups was estimated. The patients in the recurrent group were subdivided according to the history of corneal infection and corneal perforation, respectively...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716777/customised-crescentic-corneal-transplant-with-conjunctival-resection-in-an-atypical-case-of-malignant-mooren-s-ulcer
#10
Jayanand Urkude, Rashmi Singh, Manthan Chaniyara, Amar Pujari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680563/effects-of-exercise-training-on-pulmonary-hemodynamics-functional-capacity-and-inflammation-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#11
REVIEW
Manuel J Richter, Jan Grimminger, Britta Krüger, Hossein A Ghofrani, Frank C Mooren, Henning Gall, Christian Pilat, Karsten Krüger
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by severe exercise limitation mainly attributed to the impairment of right ventricular function resulting from a concomitant elevation of pulmonary vascular resistance and pressure. The unquestioned cornerstone in the management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is specific vasoactive medical therapy to improve pulmonary hemodynamics and strengthen right ventricular function. Nevertheless, evidence for a beneficial effect of exercise training (ET) on pulmonary hemodynamics and functional capacity in patients with PH has been growing during the past decade...
March 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619029/rapid-deterioration-of-mooren-s-ulcers-after-conjunctival-flap-a-review-of-2-cases
#12
REVIEW
Saiqun Li, Yuqing Deng, Caiyuan Du, Haixiang Huang, Jing Zhong, Ling Chen, Bowen Wang, Jin Yuan
BACKGROUND: Conjunctival flaps are a widely used treatment for numerous corneal ulcers that are caused by microorganismal infections. However, whether it can be performed on immune-mediated corneal ulcers is controversial. CASE PRESENTATION: We present two cases of Mooren's ulcer that were treated using conjunctival flap in an attempt to prevent further corneal perforation at their local hospital. A rapid acceleration in ulcer progression was observed after a conjunctival flap was applied...
June 15, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529886/disseminated-mycobacterium-abscessus-infection-in-a-peritoneal-dialysis-patient
#13
Vincent H J F Mooren, Michiel W P Bleeker, Jakko van Ingen, Mirjam H A Hermans, Peter C Wever
A disseminated peritoneal dialysis-related Mycobacterium abscessus infection is very rare. M. abscessus belongs to the rapidly growing mycobacteria and can be misidentified as a diphtheroid bacterium, which in our case delayed diagnosis and optimal treatment. Due to intrinsic resistance to most antimicrobials, therapeutic options in M. abscessus infections are limited. Infection often leads to catheter loss. A fatal outcome, like in our case, is not exceptional.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286571/we-are-not-alone-a-case-for-the-human-microbiome-in-extra-intestinal-diseases
#14
EDITORIAL
S Shivaji
BACKGROUND: "Dysbiosis" in the gut microbiome has been implicated in auto-immune diseases, in inflammatory diseases, in some cancers and mental disorders. The challenge is to unravel the cellular and molecular basis of dysbiosis so as to understand the disease manifestation. MAIN BODY: Next generation sequencing and genome enabled technologies have led to the establishment of the composition of gut microbiomes and established that "dysbiosis" is the cause of several diseases...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224969/consensus-statement-immunonutrition-and-exercise
#15
Stephane Bermon, Lindy M Castell, Philip C Calder, Nicolette C Bishop, Eva Blomstrand, Frank C Mooren, Karsten Krüger, Andreas N Kavazis, John C Quindry, David S Senchina, David C Nieman, Michael Gleeson, David B Pyne, Cecilia M Kitic, Graeme L Close, D Enette Larson-Meyer, Ascension Marcos, Simin N Meydani, Dayong Wu, Neil P Walsh, Ryochi Nagatomi
In this consensus statement on immunonutrition and exercise, a panel of knowledgeable contributors from across the globe provides a consensus of updated science, including the background, the aspects for which a consensus actually exists, the controversies and, when possible, suggested directions for future research.
2017: Exercise Immunology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224232/effects-of-traumeel-tr14-on-recovery-and-inflammatory-immune-response-after-repeated-bouts-of-exercise-a-double-blind-rct
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kerstin Muders, Christian Pilat, Vanessa Deuster, Torsten Frech, Karsten Krüger, Jörn Pons-Kühnemann, Frank-Christoph Mooren
PURPOSE: The purpose of this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial was to investigate the effects of the natural combination medicine Traumeel (Tr14) consisting of 14 diluted biological and mineral components on the inflammatory immune response and recovery up to 72 h after repetitive bouts of bicycle tests. METHODS: Antigen-stimulated IL-1ra and IL-6 were defined as primary outcome measures. Moreover, various immunological and serum muscle damage markers were investigated...
March 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066816/from-genomes-to-phenotypes-traitar-the-microbial-trait-analyzer
#17
Aaron Weimann, Kyra Mooren, Jeremy Frank, Phillip B Pope, Andreas Bremges, Alice C McHardy
The number of sequenced genomes is growing exponentially, profoundly shifting the bottleneck from data generation to genome interpretation. Traits are often used to characterize and distinguish bacteria and are likely a driving factor in microbial community composition, yet little is known about the traits of most microbes. We describe Traitar, the microbial trait analyzer, which is a fully automated software package for deriving phenotypes from a genome sequence. Traitar provides phenotype classifiers to predict 67 traits related to the use of various substrates as carbon and energy sources, oxygen requirement, morphology, antibiotic susceptibility, proteolysis, and enzymatic activities...
November 2016: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060068/risk-factors-clinical-features-and-treatment-outcomes-of-recurrent-mooren-ulcers-in-china
#18
Yanling Dong, Yangyang Zhang, Lixin Xie, Jianmei Ren
PURPOSE: To investigate risk factors, clinical features, and treatment outcomes of recurrent Mooren ulcers in China. METHODS: Medical records of 139 patients (173 eyes) with Mooren ulcers, including 37 patients (38 eyes) with recurrence, were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical features and treatment outcomes were evaluated. The risk factors for ulcer recurrence were analyzed with logistic regression; the cumulative risk of recurrence was assessed with Kaplan-Meier analysis...
February 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001306/doxapram-mediated-increase-in-cardiac-output-reduces-opioid-plasma-concentrations-a-pk-pd-pk-pd-modeling-study-in-healthy-volunteers
#19
Margot Roozekrans, Erik Olofsen, Rutger van der Schrier, Merel Boom, René Mooren, Albert Dahan
Doxapram is an analeptic that induces ventilatory stimulation and increases blood pressure and cardiac output (CO). Its mechanism of action is blockade of background K(+) -channels expressed on type 1 carotid body cells. In the randomized controlled trial, the authors explored the role of the increase in CO by doxapram (plasma concentration (Cp) 1000-3,500 ng/mL) on the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics of the potent opioid alfentanil (Cp 100-200 ng/mL). Population PK-PD analyses were performed on the doxapram PK-CO data and the alfentanil PK-antinociception data...
December 21, 2016: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900778/predicting-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-treatment-response-in-refugees-multilevel-analysis
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Joris F G Haagen, F Jackie June Ter Heide, Trudy M Mooren, Jeroen W Knipscheer, Rolf J Kleber
OBJECTIVES: Given the recent peak in refugee numbers and refugees' high odds of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), finding ways to alleviate PTSD in refugees is of vital importance. However, there are major differences in PTSD treatment response between refugees, the determinants of which are largely unknown. This study aimed at improving PTSD treatment for adult refugees by identifying PTSD treatment response predictors. DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal multilevel modelling design was used to predict PTSD severity scores over time...
March 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
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