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Lymphoma AND miRNA

Xiaolei Hu, Jie Wang, Wan He, Pan Zhao, Changsheng Ye
Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in women. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying breast cancer pathogenesis are not fully understood. The present study examined the role of miR-433 in breast cancer and investigated its underlying molecular mechanisms of action. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis were performed to analyze the level of microRNA (miRNA/miR)/mRNA and protein expression, respectively. Additionally, MTT assay was used to determined cell proliferation and viability...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Jin Ah Cha, Hyo-Sook Song, Beomku Kang, Moon Nyeo Park, Kyoung Sun Park, Sung-Hoon Kim, Bum-Sang Shim, Bonglee Kim
Though Cnidium officinale Makino (COM) was known to have anti-angiogenic, anti-oxidant, neuroprotective, and anti-cancer effects, the underlying anticancer mechanism of COM using endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and miRNA remained unclear until now. Thus, in the current study, the inhibitory mechanism of COM in lymphoma and multiple myeloma (MM) cells was elucidated. COM exerted cytotoxicity in U937 and U266 but not Raw264.7 cells. COM treatment increased the expression of ER stress-related proteins such as p-protein kinase RNA-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (p-PERK), p-eukaryotic initiation factor (p-eIF2α), and activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) and C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP)...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Conglin Ye, Xiaolong Yu, Xuqiang Liu, Min Dai, Bin Zhang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, single-stranded, non-coding RNA molecules involved in cancer initiation and progression. The present study aimed to determine the effect of miRNA-30d (miR-30d) on the growth, malignant phenotype, and apoptosis of Ewing's sarcoma (ES) SK-ES-1 cells, and to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanism and signaling pathway involved. Cell proliferation, invasion, migration, morphological changes, cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were investigated. Furthermore, the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), caspase-3 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) were examined, as was the activity of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathways...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Xing Chen, Le-Yi Wang, Li Huang
In recent years, microRNAs (miRNAs) are attracting an increasing amount of researchers' attention, as accumulating studies show that miRNAs play important roles in various basic biological processes and that dysregulation of miRNAs is connected with diverse human diseases, particularly cancers. However, the experimental methods to identify associations between miRNAs and diseases remain costly and laborious. In this study, we developed a computational method named Network Distance Analysis for MiRNA-Disease Association prediction (NDAMDA) which could effectively predict potential miRNA-disease associations...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Xing Chen, Jing-Ru Yang, Na-Na Guan, Jian-Qiang Li
Nowadays, as more and more associations between microRNAs (miRNAs) and diseases have been discovered, miRNA has gradually become a hot topic in the biological field. Because of the high consumption of time and money on carrying out biological experiments, computational method which can help scientists choose the most likely associations between miRNAs and diseases for further experimental studies is desperately needed. In this study, we proposed a method of Graph Regression for MiRNA-Disease Association prediction (GRMDA) which combines known miRNA-disease associations, miRNA functional similarity, disease semantic similarity, and Gaussian interaction profile kernel similarity...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Oshrat Hershkovitz-Rokah, Polina Geva, Mali Salmon-Divon, Ofer Shpilberg, Stella Liberman-Aronov
MicroRNAs (miRs) are short non-coding regulatory RNAs that control gene expression at the post-transcriptional level and play an important role in cancer development and progression, acting either as oncogenes or as tumor suppressors. Identification of aberrantly expressed miRs in patients with hematological malignancies as compared to healthy individuals has suggested that these molecules may serve as novel clinical diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. We conducted a systematic literature review of articles published between 2007 and 2017 and re-analyzed experimentally-validated human miR expression signatures in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and follicular lymphoma (FL) from various biological sources (tumor tissue, peripheral blood, bone marrow and cell lines)...
January 30, 2018: Oncotarget
Lili Liu, Dan Wang, Ying Qiu, Hongyan Dong, Xuemei Zhan
Overcoming chemoresistance is a challenge in clinical treatment. It has been reported that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in regulating chemosensitivity. Therefore, the present study aimed to identify the effect and mechanism of miR-15 on colon cancer chemotherapy. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to measure miR-15 level sin62-paired colon cancer and para-cancerous colon tissues. The overexpression of miR-15 in HCT116 cells was induced by transfection. The effect of miR-15 on the chemosensitivity of colon cancer cells to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and Oxaliplatin (OX) was determined using a luminescent cell viability assay...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Agnieszka Dzikiewicz-Krawczyk, Arjan Diepstra, Bea Rutgers, Gertrud Kortman, Debora de Jong, Jasper Koerts, Marian Bulthuis, Tineke van der Sluis, Annika Seitz, Lydia Visser, Klaas Kok, Joost Kluiver, Anke van den Berg
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs involved in the posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression. Deregulated miRNA levels have been linked to Burkitt lymphoma (BL) pathogenesis. To date, the number of known pathogenesis-related miRNA-target gene interactions is limited. Here, we determined for the first time the miRNA targetomes of primary BL tumors and normal B cells. AGO2-RNA immunoprecipitation (AGO2-RIP) of two frozen diagnostic BL tissue samples and three CD19+ B-cell samples isolated from routinely removed tonsils revealed distinct miRNA targetomes of BL and normal B cells...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
Rui Li, Hongxia Zhang, Xiling Zheng
The present study aimed to investigate microRNA (miR/miRNA)-34c expression and the association of miR-34c with B cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2) in M4e laryngeal carcinoma cell line. M4e laryngeal carcinoma cells were cultured and transfected with lenti-miR-34c or scramble miRNA for 72 h. Cell viability and the percentage of cells undergoing apoptosis of transfected cells were detected using MTT and Annexin V/allophycocyanin and propidium iodide assays, respectively. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blot analysis were performed to determine BCL2 mRNA and protein expression in transfected M4e cells...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Ming Zhang, Chang-E Gao, Wen-Lin Chen, Yi-Yin Tang, Jian-Yun Nie, Li-Da Shen, Xiang Ma, De-Dian Chen
The majority of tumors possess the features of hypoxia. It is generally accepted that hypoxia is a negative prognostic factor for cancer. Low levels of oxygen are able to modify basic cell metabolism status. Elucidating the basic response, including cell proliferation and migration, to hypoxia by cancer cells is important for understanding the role of hypoxia in the development of cancer. In the present study, CoCl2 stimulation was used to simulate hypoxia. A microRNA (miRNA/miR) array was used to systematically detect the changes in miRNA expression profiles...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Yuan Fang, Yuqi Zhou, Yun Zhang, Liangliang He, Chunyi Xue, Yongchang Cao
Lymphomas are solid-type tumors containing lymphoid cells. Some of latent herpesvirus infections established in B and/or T-lymphocytes could result in the formation of lymphomas. Marek's disease virus serotype 1 (MDV-1) is an avian herpes virus causing to lymphoproliferative tumors in birds, known as Marek's disease (MD). MD has often been used as an ideal biological model for studying the pathogenesis of lymphoma diseases caused by viruses. Therefore, we used it as a research subject to study the effect of miRNA sponges on its tumorigenicity, and to develop the theoretical basis for a new anti-tumor small molecule...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
Nibedita Patel, Koteswara Rao Garikapati, Venkata Krishna Kanth Makani, Ayikkara Drishya Nair, Namratha Vangara, Utpal Bhadra, Manika Pal Bhadra
Polycomb group (PcG) proteinB lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region 1 homolog (BMI1) is a transcriptional repressor that plays an important role in human carcinogenesis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small non-coding RNAsthat implicate a negative regulation on gene expression. Deregulation of the expression of miRNAs has been implicated in tumorigenesis. Here, we have shown that knock-down ofBMI1increases theexpression of tumor-suppressivemiRNAs. Elevated levels of expression of miR-200a, miR-200b, miR-15a, miR-429, miR-203were observed upon knock-down of BMI1...
2018: PloS One
Jiexiang Yang, Yonggen Zou, Dianmin Jiang
Honokiol (HNK) is a small biphenolic compound, which exerts antineoplastic effects in various types of cancer. However, the mechanism underlying the antitumor effects of HNK in osteosarcoma (OS) cells is not yet fully understood. Emerging evidence has indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) serve key roles in numerous pathological processes, including cancer. It has previously been reported that Chinese medicinal herbs harbor anticancer properties via modulating miRNA expression. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether HNK could suppress OS cell growth by regulating miRNA expression...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Lauren A Gay, Sunantha Sethuraman, Merin Thomas, Peter C Turner, Rolf Renne
KS tumors are derived from endothelial cells and express KHSV microRNAs (miRNAs). Although miRNA targets have been identified in B cell lymphoma-derived cells and in epithelial cells, little has been done to characterize the KSHV miRNA targetome in endothelial cells. A recent innovation in the identification of miRNA targetomes, Cross-linking, Ligation, and Sequencing of Hybrids (CLASH), unambiguously identifies miRNAs and their targets by ligating the two species while both are still bound within the RNA-Induced Silencing Complex (RISC)...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Virology
Mateusz Nowicki, Janusz Szemraj, Agnieszka Wierzbowska, Małgorzata Misiewicz, Roman Małachowski, Agnieszka Pluta, Olga Grzybowska-Izydorczyk, Tadeusz Robak, Anna Szmigielska-Kapłon
OBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs engaged in angiogenesis and hematopoiesis can influence hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) homing after transplantation by targeting bone marrow niche microenvironment. The present study aimed to examine the kinetics of miRNA-15a, miRNA-16, miRNA-126, miRNA-146a and miRNA-223 in autologous HSC transplantation settings. METHODS: The study comprised of 51 patients with hematological malignancies (42 multiple myeloma, 9 lymphoma). Samples were taken at four time points: before conditioning, after chemotherapy but prior to autologous HSC transplantation (day 0), on day +7 and +14 days after HSCT...
January 30, 2018: European Journal of Haematology
Tianxiang Hu, Yating Chong, Haiyan Qin, Eiko Kitamura, Chang-Sheng Chang, Jeane Silva, Mingqiang Ren, John K Cowell
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have pathogenic roles in the development of a variety of leukemias. Here we identify miRNAs that have important roles in the development of B lymphomas resulting from the expression of the chimeric BCR-FGFR1 kinase. The miR-17/92 cluster was particularly implicated and forced expression resulted in increased cell proliferation, while inhibiting its function using miRNA sponges reduced cell growth and induced apoptosis. Cells treated with the potent BGJ389 FGFR1 inhibitor led to miR-17/92 downregulation, suggesting regulation by FGFR1...
January 25, 2018: Oncogene
Huilong Zhang, Yun Qu, Aihua Wang
Previous studies have indicated that nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) has an important role in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression of microRNA (miRNA)‑146a, phosphorylated (p)‑P65/P65, B‑cell lymphoma‑2(Bcl‑2)/Bcl‑2‑associated X protein (Bax) and pro‑inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)‑6, IL‑1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF‑α) in the brain tissue of rats with epilepsy. Sprague‑Dawley rats were used to establish the epilepsy model using the lithium‑pilocarpine method...
January 22, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jia Cui, William J Placzek
Anti-apoptotic B cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2) family members (BCL2, MCL1, BCLxL, BCLW, and BFL1) are key players in the regulation of intrinsic apoptosis. Dysregulation of these proteins not only impairs normal development, but also contributes to tumor progression and resistance to various anti-cancer therapies. Therefore, cells maintain strict control over the expression of anti-apoptotic BCL2 family members using multiple mechanisms. Over the past two decades, the importance of post-transcriptional regulation of mRNA in controlling gene expression and its impact on normal homeostasis and disease have begun to be appreciated...
January 20, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Li-Li Mei, Yun-Tan Qiu, Wen-Jun Wang, Jie Bai, Zhi-Zhou Shi
MicroRNA-1470 (miR-1470) is overexpressed in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC); however, its role and underlying molecular mechanism remain unknown. The aim of the present study was to explore the tumorigenic role and mechanism of miR-1470 overexpression in ESCC. The expression of miR-1470 in ESCC tissues and cell lines was detected using human miRNA microarrays and the reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, respectively. The effects of miR-1470 on cell proliferation, migration and senescence were determined using a Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, Transwell migration assay and β-galactosidase staining kit...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
Linrong Pang, Jinger Lu, Jia Huang, Caihong Xu, Hui Li, Guangbo Yuan, Xiaochun Cheng, Jun Chen
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of microRNA (miR-)146a on the cisplatin sensitivity of the non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cell line and study the underlying molecular mechanism. The differences in expression of miRNAs between A549 and A549/cisplatin (A549/DDP) cells were determined, and miR-146a was selected to study its effect on cisplatin sensitivity of A549/DDP cells. miR-146a mimic and inhibitor transient transfection systems were constructed using vectors, and A549/DDP cells were infected with miR-146a mimic and inhibitor to investigate growth, apoptosis and migration...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
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