Read by QxMD icon Read


Sean M Booth, Abdulbaset Abosala, Chris Peach
Introduction: The complex anatomy and biomechanics of the elbow joint can lead to diagnostic uncertainty when a clinician is determining the cause of a patient's anterior elbow pain. We present a case of anterior elbow pain with an uncommon and often overlooked etiology. Elbow pain due to compression of the lateral antebrachial nerve (LACN) has an unknown incidence or prevalence. Case Report: A 27-year-old left-hand dominant male presented to our orthopedic elbow clinic complaining of bilateral elbow clicking and discomfort which had been present for several years...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Mengya Shi, Xiao Hu, Yu Wei, Xu Hou, Xue Yuan, Jun Liu, Yueping Liu
Auxin has long been known as a critical phytohormone that regulates fruit development in plants. However, due to the lack of an enlarged ovary wall in the model plants Arabidopsis and rice, the molecular regulatory mechanisms of fruit division and enlargement remain unclear. In this study, we performed small RNA sequencing and degradome sequencing analyses to systematically explore post-transcriptional regulation in the mesocarp at the hard core stage following treatment of the peach (Prunus persica L.) fruit with the synthetic auxin α-naphthylacetic acid (NAA)...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Hongchun Shen, Honglian Wang, Li Wang, Lu Wang, Menglian Zhu, Yao Ming, Sha Zhao, Junming Fan, En Yin Lai
Liver cancer is the second most lethal cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the primary cancer subgroup. However, the current chemotherapy agents remain ineffective and present wide side effects for advanced HCC patient. In this study, we investigated the antitumor role of ethanol extract of root of peach tree (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch and hereafter designated as TSG in short of its Chinese name), which is an important ingredient in Chinese medicine prescription, in liver cancer cell HepG2. By cell viability assay, we showed that addition of TSG in the culture medium inhibited the cell growth of HepG2 cells in a dose and time-dependent way...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Jikang Wu, Anice Sabag-Daigle, Thomas O Metz, Brooke Deatherage Kaiser, Venkat Gopalan, Edward J Behrman, Vicki H Wysocki, Brian Ahmer
The food-borne bacterial pathogen, Salmonella enterica, can utilize fructose-asparagine (F-Asn) as the sole carbon and nitrogen source. F-Asn is the product of an Amadori rearrangement following the non-enzymatic condensation of glucose and asparagine. Heating converts F-Asn via complex Maillard reactions to a variety of molecules that contribute to the color, taste, and aroma of heated foods. Among these end derivatives is acrylamide, which is present in some foods, especially in fried potatoes. The F-Asn utilization pathway in Salmonella, specifically FraB, is a potential drug target because inhibition of this enzyme would lead to intoxication of Salmonella in the presence of F-Asn...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Ke Cao, Tiyu Ding, Dongmin Mao, Gengrui Zhu, Weichao Fang, Changwen Chen, Xinwei Wang, Lirong Wang
Peach is an important deciduous fruit tree species. Anthocyanins play an important role in fruit color formation and, through linkage analysis, previous studies have identified and mapped the key genes regulating anthocyanins' accumulation to chromosomes 3 and 5 in two different germplasms. To understand the overall regulatory network of anthocyanins biosynthesis, genes co-expressed with these key genes were identified in the red-fleshed 'Tianjin Shui Mi' and white-fleshed 'Hakuho' germplasms. Analysis of their flesh anthocyanin contents revealed differences 15 days before maturation...
December 7, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
S Rymaruk, C Peach
Frozen shoulder causes significant functional disability and pain in a population group constituted by patients who are often middle-aged and working.Frozen shoulder remains poorly understood. The available literature is limited and often prone to bias.A rapid, non-surgical and cost-effective treatment that reduces pain and restores function is an attractive option.Hydrodilatation is a potential first-line treatment of frozen shoulder in secondary care. Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2017;2:462-468. DOI: 10...
November 2017: EFORT Open Reviews
Marco Cirilli, Tiziano Flati, Silvia Gioiosa, Ilario Tagliaferri, Angelo Ciacciulli, Zhongshan Gao, Stefano Gattolin, Filippo Geuna, Francesco Maggi, Paolo Bottoni, Laura Rossini, Daniele Bassi, Tiziana Castrignanò, Giovanni Chillemi
Applying next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies to species of agricultural interest has the potential to accelerate the understanding and exploration of genetic resources. The storage, availability and maintenance of huge quantities of NGS-generated data remains a major challenge. The PeachVar-DB portal, available at, is an open-source catalogue of genetic variants present in peach (P. persica L. Batsch) and wild-related species of Prunus genera, annotated from 146 samples publicly released on the Sequence Reads Archive (SRA)...
December 4, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
Chunxian Chen, Clive H Bock, Bruce W Wood
Venturia carpophila causes peach scab, a disease that renders peach (Prunus persica) fruit unmarketable. We report a high-quality draft genome sequence (36.9 Mb) of V. carpophila from an isolate collected from a peach tree in central Georgia in the United States. The genome annotation is described and a phylogenetic analysis of the pathogen is presented. The genome sequence will be a useful resource for various studies on the pathogen, including the biology and ecology, taxonomy and phylogeny, host interaction and coevolution, isolation and characterization of genes of interest, and development of molecular markers for genotyping and mapping...
2017: Standards in Genomic Sciences
Sara Graziano, Mariolina Gullì, Nelson Marmiroli
BACKGROUND: Food traceability becomes lifesaving for persons suffering severe allergy or intolerance, and therefore need a complete avoidance of the immune-trigger food. This paper describes how to fingerprint the presence of some allergenic species (kiwi, peach, and apple) in foods by quantitative Real-Time PCR (qPCR). RESULTS: Five DNA extraction procedures were tested on fruits and foods. The results were statistically evaluated, and discussed. Analysis by qPCR with SYBR Green was developed to detect traces of these allergenic species in foods...
December 6, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Sarahí Rodríguez-González, Iza F Pérez-Ramírez, Eduardo Castaño-Tostado, Silvia Amaya-Llano, Mario E Rodríguez-García, Rosalía Reynoso-Camacho
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to concentrate dietary fiber (DF) from peach (Prunus persica) juice by-product (PJBP), to improve its functional properties, and its polyphenols bioavailability. The dietary fiber concentrates (DFC) were obtained from PJBP using water/ethanol treatments (100:0, 20:80, 50:50, 80:20, and 0:100, v/v) at 1:5 ratio (wet weight/solvent, w/v) for 5 and 20 min at 21 °C. RESULTS: All treatments concentrated condensed tannins, total and insoluble DF, founding the highest content with 100% H2O treatment...
December 6, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
A Birke, M Aluja
The preference-performance hypothesis (PPH) has widely been used to explain host exploitation patterns by phytophagous insects. However, this hypothesis often fails in the case of polyphagous species when compared with specialists. One explanation, validated by the information-processing hypothesis (IPH), considers that polyphagous insects are unable to process a large array of cues, which hinders females from distinguishing between high- and low- quality hosts. Here we analyzed Anastrepha ludens female host preference and offspring performance, and tested if neuronal limitations could possibly play a role in the incapacity of the polyphagous A...
December 4, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
Shaoxuan Li, Zhanru Shao, Xiling Fu, Wei Xiao, Ling Li, Ming Chen, Mingyue Sun, Dongmei Li, Dongsheng Gao
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression of target mRNAs involved in plant growth, development, and abiotic stress. As one of the most important model plants, peach (Prunus persica) has high agricultural significance and nutritional values. It is well adapted to be cultivated in greenhouse in which some auxiliary conditions like temperature, humidity, and UVB etc. are needed to ensure the fruit quality. However, little is known about the genomic information of P...
December 2, 2017: BMC Genomics
Drew Payne, Martin Peache
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
Carly Jane Moores, Jacqueline Miller, Rebecca Anne Perry, Lily Lai Hang Chan, Lynne Allison Daniels, Helen Anna Vidgen, Anthea Margaret Magarey
BACKGROUND: Translation encompasses the continuum from clinical efficacy to widespread adoption within the healthcare service and ultimately routine clinical practice. The Parenting, Eating and Activity for Child Health (PEACH™) program has previously demonstrated clinical effectiveness in the management of child obesity, and has been recently implemented as a large-scale community intervention in Queensland, Australia. This paper aims to describe the translation of the evaluation framework from a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to large-scale community intervention (PEACH™ QLD)...
November 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
S M Prager, C M Wallis, M Jones, R Novy, J T Trumble
Long-term, sustainable management of zebra chip disease of potato, caused by 'Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum' (Lso) and vectored by potato psyllids (Bactericera cockerelli Sulc [Hemiptera: Triozidae]), requires development of cultivars resistant or tolerant to infection or capable of reducing spread or both. We examined the influence that five experimental breeding clones of potato had on potato psyllids and their ability to vector Lso. The ability of these potato clones to resist aphids (green peach aphids, Myzus persicae Sulzer [Hemiptera: Aphididae]) also was examined...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
Wenquan Bao, Tana Wuyun, Tiezhu Li, Huimin Liu, Zhongmao Jiang, Xuchun Zhu, Hongyan Du, Yu-E Bai
Prunus mira Koehne, an important economic fruit crop with high breeding and medicinal values, and an ancestral species of many cultivated peach species, has recently been declared an endangered species. However, basic information about genetic diversity, population structure, and morphological variation is still limited for this species. In this study, we sampled 420 P. mira individuals from 21 wild populations in the Tibet plateau to conduct a comprehensive analysis of genetic and morphological characteristics...
2017: PloS One
Gerald B Watson, Monica B Olson, Kenneth W Beavers, Michael R Loso, Thomas C Sparks
Sulfoxaflor (SFX, Isoclast™ Active) is a recently developed sulfoximine insecticide that is highly effective against sap-feeding insect pests. SFX has been shown to act through an interaction with insect nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). SFX was previously found to interact weakly with the binding site for the neonicotinoid imidacloprid. However, radioligand displacement studies characterizing the binding site of the insecticide SFX itself have not been conducted. In this study, we report the characterization of a high affinity [3H]SFX Myzus persicae (green peach aphid, GPA) binding site with relatively low abundance...
November 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Qiu-Ling Tang, Kang-Sheng Ma, You-Ming Hou, Xi-Wu Gao
Myzus persicae (Sulzer) is one of the most serious agricultural pests in China, and management strategies mainly rely on insecticidal treatment. To evaluate the resistance of field populations of M. persicae to seven insecticides, we assessed the susceptibility of 11 field populations collected from eight provinces in China using leaf-dip bioassays. Toxicity assays showed that M. persicae field populations have developed several levels of resistance to each tested insecticide. For pyrethroids, the field populations have developed a high level of resistance to β-cypermethrin and cypermethrin, while the resistance to bifenthrin is still low...
November 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Aurélie Affret, Gianluca Severi, Courtney Dow, Francesca Romana Mancini, Grégoire Rey, Cyrille Delpierre, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Guy Fagherazzi
OBJECTIVE: To identify individual and contextual socio-economic factors associated with an increase in fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption over a 12-year period and evaluate if some socio-economic factors were differentially associated with the change in consumption of some types of F&V. DESIGN: Associations between increased F&V consumption and socio-economic factors were studied with multivariate logistic regression. SETTING: E3N, a French prospective cohort study of 98 995 women...
November 29, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Daniele Bevacqua, Bénédicte Quilot-Turion, Luca Bolzoni
Brown rot, caused by Monilinia spp., is a major disease of stone fruits and, in favorable environmental conditions and in the absence of fungicide treatments, it causes important economic losses. In the present work, we propose a modification of classical susceptible, exposed, infectious and removed (SEIR) compartmental models to grasp the peculiarities of the progression of brown rot epidemics in stone fruit orchards in the last stage of the fruit growth (i.e. from the end of the pit hardening to harvest time)...
November 28, 2017: Phytopathology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"