keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infection catheters

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928942/interventions-to-decrease-short-term-peripheral-venous-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-impact-on-incidence-and-mortality
#1
Patrick Saliba, Ana Hornero, Guillermo Cuervo, Immaculada Grau, Emilio Jimenez, Damaris Berbel, Purificación Martos, Juan Manuel Verge, Cristian Tebe, Jose María Martínez-Sánchez, Evelyn Shaw, Laura Gavaldà, Jordi Carratalà, Miquel Pujol
BACKGROUND: Short-term peripheral venous catheters are a significant source of health-care acquired bloodstream infections and a preventable cause of death. AIM: To assess the effectiveness of interventions applied to reduce the incidence and mortality associated with short peripheral venous catheter-related bloodstream infections (PVCR-BSI). METHODS: The intervention included continuous PVCR-BSI surveillance, implementation of preventive measures related to catheter insertion and maintenance in accordance with evidence-based recommendations and the hospital's own data, front-line staff educational campaigns, and assessment of adherence to hospital guidelines by ward rounds...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928619/systematic-review-and-practice-policy-statements-on-urinary-tract-infection-prevention-in-adults-with-spina-bifida
#2
REVIEW
Michael Tradewell, Joseph J Pariser, Tony Nimeh, Sean P Elliott
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a source of morbidity and healthcare costs in adults with spina bifida (ASB). UTI prevention strategies are often recommended, but the evidence of various approaches remains unclear. We performed a systematic review to inform a best practice policy statement for UTI prevention in ASB. On behalf of the Neurogenic Bladder Research Group (NBRG.org), we developed an a priori protocol and searched the published English literature for 30 outcomes questions addressing UTI prevention in ASB...
May 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927699/international-experience-with-minocycline-edta-and-ethanol-lock-for-salvaging-of-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections
#3
Ray Hachem, Souha Kanj, Nelson Hamerschlak, Hala Saad, Fernanda Ferraz Assir, Nobuyoshi Mori, Ying Jiang, Fady Ghaly, Anne Marie Chaftari, Issam I Raad
BACKGROUND: The use of long-term central venous catheters (CVCs) could lead to serious bloodstream infections. Removal of the infected CVC and reinsertion of a new CVC are not always feasible and alternative lock therapy may be considered. We conducted a multicenter trial to assess the efficacy and safety of the lock therapy. METHODS: Between October 2013 and August 2014, we prospectively enrolled 20 patients with catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) or central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in our sister institutions in three countries including Brazil, Lebanon, and Japan...
June 2018: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927214/-inpatient-candiduria-etiology-susceptibility-to-antifungal-drugs-and-risk-factors
#4
G Jiménez-Guerra, I Casanovas Moreno-Torres, M Gutiérrez-Soto, F Vazquez-Alonso, A Sorlózano-Puerto, J M Navarro-Marí, J Gutiérrez-Fernández
OBJECTIVE: Candida could become the second most frequent cause of nosocomial urinary tract infection. Although Candida albicans is the most important species, others have arisen as emerging pathogens. The aim of this study was to analyze the presence of candiduria in inpatients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of Candida isolates from adult inpatient urocultures over five years, gathering and tabulating data on: the species; susceptibility to fluconazole, amphotericin B, and voriconazole (Vitek2, BioMerieux); presence of catheter; hospital department of origin; and patient age and sex...
June 20, 2018: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926785/central-line-bundle-for-prevention-of-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection-for-totally-implantable-venous-access-devices-ports-in-pediatric-cancer-patients
#5
İlker Devrim, Yeliz Oruç, Bengü Demirağ, Ahu Kara, Mine Düzgöl, Selma Uslu, Nevbahar Yaşar, Sultan Aydın Köker, Ersin Töret, Nuri Bayram, Canan Vergin
OBJECTIVE: The clinical impact of central line bundle programs for central line-associated bloodstream infections has been well demonstrated in intensive care units. However, the experience of central line bundle programs in totally implantable venous access devices (ports) in pediatric-hematology patients was limited. METHODS: A retrospective study was designed to compare and evaluate the clinical impact of implementing a central line bundle for a 2-year 5-month period, including 10 months of prebundle period, 11 months of central line bundle (that includes needleless split-septum devices), and finally 8 months of central line bundle period in which single-use prefilled flushing devices were added to the previous central line bundle...
July 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924909/use-of-polyvalent-bacteriophages-to-combat-biofilm-of-proteus-mirabilis-causing-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections
#6
Agnieszka Maszewska, Marta Zygmunt, Iwona Grzejdziak, Antoni Różalski
AIMS: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) caused by Proteus mirabilis are very difficult to treat due to the ability of biofilm formation and drug resistance of these bacteria. The aim of this study was to assess the anti-biofilm activity of phages and develop phage cocktail to combat biofilm of P. mirabilis strains. METHODS AND RESULTS: Planktonic forms and biofilms of 50 tested uropathogenic P. mirabilis strains showed different sensitivity to 13 phages used...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924154/central-venous-catheter-for-hemodialysis-incidence-of-infection-and-risk-factors
#7
Alessandra Amaral Schwanke, Mitzy Tannia Reichembach Danski, Letícia Pontes, Solena Ziemer Kusma, Jolline Lind
OBJECTIVE: To measure the incidence of infection in short-term central venous catheter for hemodialysis and to identify the associated risk factors. METHOD: Prospective cohort study conducted in a teaching hospital from September 2015 to April 2016. Patients requiring central venous catheter for hemodialysis were included and data was collected through direct and systematic observation of the catheter insertion procedure by the researchers. RESULTS: The final sample consisted of 69 patients, who used 88 catheters...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923938/predictive-factors-for-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-patients-with-chylothorax
#8
Stephanie G Waterhouse, Jeffrey E Vergales, Mark R Conaway, Laura Lee
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of central line-associated bloodstream infections in pediatric patients with and without chylothorax after cardiac surgery and identify risk factors that predict those patients at highest risk for developing a central line-associated bloodstream infection. DESIGN: Retrospective single-center cohort study. SETTING: A PICU located within a tertiary-care academic pediatric hospital. PATIENTS: All pediatric patients admitted to the PICU after cardiac surgery between 2008 and 2014...
June 19, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923460/clinical-outcomes-of-totally-implantable-venous-access-port-placement-via-the-axillary-vein-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-malignancy
#9
Sun Hong, Tae-Seok Seo, Myung Gyu Song, Hae-Young Seol, Sang Il Suh, In-Seon Ryoo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes and complications of totally implantable venous access port implantation via the axillary vein in patients with head and neck malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 176 totally implantable venous access ports were placed via the axillary vein in 171 patients with head and neck malignancy between May 2012 and June 2015. The patients included 133 men and 38 women, and the mean age was 58.8 years (range: 19-84 years)...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923129/antimicrobial-effect-of-commercial-phage-preparation-stafal%C3%A2-on-biofilm-and-planktonic-forms-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#10
Milada Dvořáčková, Filip Růžička, Martin Benešík, Roman Pantůček, Monika Dvořáková-Heroldová
Staphylococcus aureus may be a highly virulent human pathogen, especially when it is able to form a biofilm, and it is resistant to antibiotic. Infections caused by these bacteria significantly affect morbidity and mortality, primarily in hospitalized patients. Treatment becomes more expensive, more toxic, and prolonged. This is the reason why research on alternative therapies should be one of the main priorities of medicine and biotechnology. A promising alternative treatment approach is bacteriophage therapy...
June 20, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920387/silver-coated-ventriculostomy-catheters-do-not-reduce-rates-of-clinically-diagnosed-ventriculitis
#11
Anna Nilsson, Erik Uvelius, David Cederberg, Erik Kronvall
BACKGROUND: Ventriculitis is a serious complication when using external ventricular drains (EVDs). Bactericidal silver coating has been reported to reduce the risk of infection. In the clinical setting, the diagnosis is often made based on symptoms and analyses of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), with treatment initiated before infection is culture verified. Therefore, the bactericidal effect might not correlate with a reduced rate of clinically diagnosed infections. The present retrospective study was initiated to analyze if silver-coated EVDs is associated with a reduced rate of ventriculitis...
June 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917252/comparison-of-complications-between-peripheral-arm-ports-and-central-chest-ports-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Shanshan Wu, Wanjiao Li, Qiongxiao Zhang, Shuting Li, Lizi Wang
AIM: To compare peripheral arm ports versus central chest ports in complication rates. BACKGROUND: Late complications of arm ports versus chest ports, including catheter-related infection, venous thrombosis and catheter obstruction, remain controversial. DESIGN: A meta-analysis conducted following the Cochrane handbook. DATA SOURCES: Studies published between 1950 - August 2017 were searched through Pubmed, Embase, Web of science and Cochrane library...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917174/-disinfection-of-injection-ports-a-systematic-overview-of-optimal-scrub-time
#13
Lars Breimer, Håkan Geijer, Lars Berggren
Central venous catheter bloodstream infections are an important cause of hospital-acquired infection with increased morbidity, mortality and cost. The incidence varies between countries and even hospitals. Needleless connector hubs are used on virtually all intravascular devices and colonization of these is considered the cause of much of the postinsertion catheter-related infections through breaks in aseptic technique and failure to disinfect properly. This systematic review evaluated 165 search hits on hub disinfection practices with particular emphasis on the time of scrubbing the connector for 15 sec but also the impact of measures of education and compliance...
June 15, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915571/the-impact-of-biofilm-formation-on-the-persistence-of-candidemia
#14
Wei-Sin Li, Yi-Chun Chen, Shu-Fang Kuo, Fang-Ju Chen, Chen-Hsiang Lee
This study aimed to determine the predictors of persistent candidemia and examine the impact of biofilm formation by Candida isolates in adult patients with candidemia. Of the adult patients with candidemia in Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital between January 2007 and December 2012, 68 case patients with persistent candidemia (repeated candidemia after a 3-day systemic antifungal therapy) and 68 control patients with non-persistent candidemia ( Candida clearance from the bloodstream after a 3-day systemic antifungal therapy) were included based on propensity score matching and matching for the Candida species isolated...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912033/analysis-of-healthcare-institutional-costs-of-pediatric-home-parenteral-nutrition-central-line-infections
#15
Bram P Raphael, Christina Hazenkamp, Mihail Samnaliev, Al Ozonoff
BACKGROUND: While previous literature suggests home parenteral nutrition (HPN) dependent children experience frequent complications like community acquired central line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI), few studies have characterized the cost. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate institutional cost of community-acquired CLABSI in pediatric HPN patients. METHODS: This is a single center retrospective review of institutional costs for HPN patients with community-acquired CLABSI at a tertiary care children's hospital...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911761/antibiotic-exposure-in-the-community-and-resistance-patterns-of-escherichia-coli-community-acquired-bloodstream-infection
#16
Bat-Sheva Gottesman, Pnina Shitrit, Michal Katzir, Michal Chowers
BACKGROUND: Increasing antibiotic resistance in the community results in greater use of empiric broad spectrum antibiotics for patients at hospital admission. As a measure of antibiotic stewardship it is important to identify a patient population that can receive narrow spectrum antibiotics. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate resistance patterns of Escherichia coli bloodstream infection (BSI) from strictly community-acquired infection and the impact of recent antibiotic use on this resistance...
June 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911010/three-dimensional-transesophageal-echocardiographic-diagnosis-of-catheter-endocarditis-hidden-in-intracaval-stent
#17
Rita Leonarda Musci, Cataldo Girasoli, Fabrizio Fumarola, Carlo D'Agostino, Paolo Colonna
In recent years, with an increasing number of central venous access procedures and cardiac implantable electronic device implantation, the incidence of infective endocarditis (IE) has become more prevalent. Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2D-TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) are a key part of the evaluation of IE, but advances in three-dimensional echocardiography have enabled a better spatial resolution and visualization of cardiac structures, allowing the identification of any valvular vegetations, abscesses, or nodules...
April 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910625/epidemiology-practice-patterns-and-prognostic-factors-for-candidemia-and-characteristics-of-fourteen-patients-with-breakthrough-candida-bloodstream-infections-a-single-tertiary-hospital-experience-in-japan
#18
Ryuichi Hirano, Yuichi Sakamoto, Junichi Kitazawa, Shoji Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Kayaba
Background: Candidemia is associated with high mortality, and its prognostic factors need to be examined in more detail in order to improve its management. A case of breakthrough (BT) candidemia is defined as the development of candidemia during antifungal therapy. The microbiological characteristics of and appropriate clinical practices for BT candidemia remain unclear. Objectives: The primary objective of the present study was to identify the prognostic factors of candidemia, while the secondary objective was to elucidate the microbiological characteristics of patients with BT candidemia...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910547/diagnosing-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-critically-ill-patients-do-the-guidelines-help
#19
REVIEW
Sai Saran, Namrata S Rao, Afzal Azim
Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is the leading cause of hospital-acquired infections in hospitalized patients in medical and surgical wards, but it is still commonly underdiagnosed in critically ill patients despite a higher device usage rate. The most commonly employed diagnostic criteria for such diagnosis come from the Infectious Disease Society of America and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Health Safety Network surveillance definition. It is surprising that no separate diagnostic criteria of CAUTI exist, for the critically ill patients - though these patients are of a different class of patients' altogether, due to decreased immunity, existence on multiple organ supports, and invasive lines, and an inability to communicate with a clinician...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910137/the-development-of-a-decision-tool-for-the-empiric-treatment-of-suspected-urinary-tract-infection-in-frail-older-adults-a-delphi-consensus-procedure
#20
Laura W van Buul, Hilde L Vreeken, Suzanne F Bradley, Christopher J Crnich, Paul J Drinka, Suzanne E Geerlings, Robin L P Jump, Lona Mody, Joseph J Mylotte, Mark Loeb, David A Nace, Lindsay E Nicolle, Philip D Sloane, Rhonda L Stuart, Pär-Daniel Sundvall, Peter Ulleryd, Ruth B Veenhuizen, Cees M P M Hertogh
OBJECTIVES: Nonspecific signs and symptoms combined with positive urinalysis results frequently trigger antibiotic therapy in frail older adults. However, there is limited evidence about which signs and symptoms indicate urinary tract infection (UTI) in this population. We aimed to find consensus among an international expert panel on which signs and symptoms, commonly attributed to UTI, should and should not lead to antibiotic prescribing in frail older adults, and to integrate these findings into a decision tool for the empiric treatment of suspected UTI in this population...
June 14, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
keyword
keyword
33872
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"