keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infection catheters

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683741/effects-of-prolonged-flushing-interval-in-totally-implantable-venous-access-devices-tivads
#1
Laura Rasero, Lisa Golin, Serena Ditta, Dino Stefano Di Massimo, Alberto Dal Molin, Guya Piemonte
Totally implantable venous access device (TIVAD) lumen occlusion is a long-term complication of central venous catheters, associated with risks of infection, therapy interruptions and increased healthcare costs. The role of flushing and locking in maintaining TIVAD patency is paramount. Most flushing protocols are based on manufacturers' recommendations, which indicate that 4 weeks is the safest interval between two consecutive flushing procedures during periods when TIVADs are not in use. Conversely, results of several studies suggest that extended flushing intervals (FIs) do not increase the rate of obstructive or infective complications...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682017/the-organisms-and-factors-affecting-outcomes-of-external-ventricular-drainage-catheter-related-ventriculitis-a-penang-experience
#2
Jo Ee Sam, Chee Loon Lim, Priya Sharda, Nasser Abdul Wahab
Introduction: Ventriculostomy-related infection (VRI) from external ventricular drain (EVD) insertion is a common complication and carries a high mortality rate. Choice of empiric antibiotics depends on the institutions common causative organisms and their susceptibility. We determined risk factors for mortality in patients with VRI, the common organisms causing VRI, and the rate of EVD-related VRI at our institution. Methods: Medical records and operative data of patients with cerebrospinal fluid positive cultures with an EVD inserted from 2012 to 2015 were traced...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681225/the-united-kingdom-and-ireland-experience-of-the-haemodialysis-reliable-outflow-graft-for-vascular-access
#3
James P Hunter, Simon R Knight, N Inston, D Ridway, A Tavakoli, S Suttie, D Kingsmore, T Brown, S Sultan, J Gilbert
OBJECTIVES: To describe the UK and Ireland experience of the Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow graft in complex vascular access. DESIGN: Observational, multi-centre case series. METHODS: Data from any patient undergoing Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow graft were collected from eight UK and one Irish centre. Any Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow procedure between July 2013 and May 2016 was included. Demographics, primary and secondary patency rates, and complications were analysed...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681051/voluminous-urethral-stone-a-very-rare-complication-after-male-suburethral-sling-surgery-as-a-result-of-sling-erosion-into-proximal-urethra
#4
Ioan Scarneciu, Cristian Andrei, Camelia Scarneciu, Aura Mihaela Lupu, Ovidiu Gabriel Bratu, Sorin Lupu
Male sling for urinary incontinence is usually accompanied by very good results, with a small number of complications,but, when appear, they may be redundant. Voluminous urethral stone developed on suburethral sling as a result of sling erosion into the proximal urethra is an extremely rare complication (following the analysis of cases published on the internet, the authors of this article no longer identified another similar case). We present the case of a patient who presented in our clinic for severe and permanent urinary incontinence, perineal discomfortand pain that was influenced by position...
April 21, 2018: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680334/open-heart-surgery-for-management-of-right-auricular-thrombus-related-to-central-venous-catheterization
#5
A F Ribeiro, I S Neto, I Maia, C Dias
Central venous catheters are widely used in critically ill patients; however, they are also associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The literature may underestimate the incidence of catheter-inducible right atrial thrombi that are asymptomatic but potentially life threatening. The recognized risk factors for its development include infections related to the catheter, endothelial injury secondary to mechanical and chemical damage induced by certain medications and infused fluids. The characteristics of the patient and the catheter, such as size, material, type, location and ease of insertion, as well as the duration of placement play an additional role...
April 19, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680333/hydroelectrolytic-and-infectious-complications-in-one-year-of-parenteral-nutrition-in-critical-care
#6
A López, J J Varela, M M Cid, M Couñago, N Gago
OBJECTIVE: Parenteral nutrition consists of the intravenous administration of macronutrients, micronutrients and electrolytes. Our objectives were to evaluate the biochemical alterations during the first ten days of initiation and to quantify the bacteremia related to the central venous catheter during the administration of parenteral nutrition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of incidence and prevalence. We included 51 patients who started intravenous nutritional support therapy at Critical Care...
April 18, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675773/ct-guided-translumbar-placement-of-permanent-catheters-in-the-inferior-vena-cava-description-of-the-technique-with-technical-success-and-complications-data
#7
Gerd Grözinger, Ulrich Grosse, Roland Syha, Rüdiger Hoffmann, Sasan Partovi, Konstantin Nikolaou, Stéphane Stahl, Alfred Königsrainer, Karolin Thiel, Christian Thiel
PURPOSE: To evaluate indications, technical success rate and complications of CT-guided translumbar catheter placement in the inferior vena cava for long-term central venous access (Port and Hickman catheters) as a bail-out approach in patients with no alternative options for permanent central venous access. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 12 patients with a total of 17 interventions. All patients suffered from bilaterally chronically occluded venous vessels of their upper extremities, without patent internal jugular and/or subclavian veins...
April 19, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672580/value-of-perioperative-genitourinary-screening-culture-and-colonization-status-in-predicting-early-urinary-tract-infection-after-renal-transplantation
#8
Ahram Han, Sanghyun Ahn, Seung-Kee Min, Jongwon Ha, Yon Su Kim, Curie Ahn, Sang-Il Min
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess whether patients colonized with certain organisms in the genitourinary tract would have greater urinary tract infection (UTI) risk during the post-transplantation period, and whether information on the perioperatively colonized organisms may help identify the causal organisms during early UTI. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the culture results of preoperative urine, preoperative urethral swab, and postoperative urinary catheter tip specimens of 420 renal transplant recipients...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667378/alarming-results-of-nosocomial-infections-in-a-multicenter-program-of-surveillance-in-polish-intensive-care-units
#9
Michał Wałaszek, Anna Różańska, Małgorzata Bulanda, Jadwiga Wojkowska-Mach, Polish Society of Hospital Infections Team
INTRODUCTION: Nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSI) among patients in intensive care units (ICU) are the most common form of nosocomial infections and they are serious complications of the treatment process. The etiological factors of these infections and the proper antibiotic therapy can influence the effects of patient treatment. The aim of the study was to analyze the epidemiology, microbiology and antibiotic therapy of nosocomial BSI in Polish ICU patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective study covered patients hospitalized in seven ICUs for adults with a general profile, located in southern Poland...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667048/ethanol-lock-is-effective-on-reducing-the-incidence-of-tunneled-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Tingting Zhao, Hong Liu, Jibin Han
PURPOSE: The purpose of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the effect of ethanol lock on the incidence of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) in patients with central venous catheters. METHODS: RCTs comparing ethanol lock with another solution lock for prevention of CRBSI were obtained by searching databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Central Register of clinical trials for eligible randomized controlled trials (inception to December 2017)...
April 17, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666088/transection-versus-infection-acute-appendicitis-in-a-peritoneal-dialysis-patient-presenting-as-catheter-dysfunction-and-discontinuity-on-x-ray
#11
Tatiana Thom, Deanne Leonard, Peter Fitzpatrick, Nabeel Aslam
Acute appendicitis in peritoneal dialysis patients generally presents as abdominal pain and cloudy dialysate. We report a case of acute appendicitis in a peritoneal dialysis patient that presented as poor dialysate fluid drainage and an abnormal abdominal X-ray showing breakage in the continuity of the catheter. Catheter dysfunction in this case was caused by acute appendicitis leading to the formation of adhesions with peritoneal dialysis catheter trapped in it. This resulted in radiological appearance of catheter breakage, although catheter itself was intact...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665877/the-impact-of-2015-nhsn-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-cauti-definition-change-on-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection-clabsi-rates-and-clabsi-prevention-efforts-at-an-academic-medical-center
#12
Sonali D Advani, Rachael A Lee, Martha Long, Mariann Schmitz, Bernard C Camins
The 2015 changes in the catheter-associated urinary tract infection definition led to an increase in central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) and catheter-related candidemia in some health systems due to the change in CLABSI attribution. However, our rates remained unchanged in 2015 and further declined in 2016 with the implementation of new vascular-access guidelines.Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;1-3.
April 18, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665026/anhydrous-polymer-based-coating-with-sustainable-controlled-release-functionality-for-facile-efficacious-impregnation-and-delivery-of-antimicrobial-peptides
#13
Kaiyang Lim, Rathi Saravanan, Kian Long Kelvin Chong, Hwee Mian Sharon Goh, Ray Rong Yuan Chua, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah, Matthew Wook Chang, Kimberly A Kline, Susanna Su Jan Leong
Anhydrous polymers are actively explored as alternative materials to overcome limitations of conventional hydrogel-based antibacterial coating. However, the requirement for strong organic solvent in polymerization reactions often necessitates extra protection steps for encapsulation of target biomolecules, lowering encapsulation efficiency and increasing process complexity. This study reports a novel coating strategy that allows direct solvation and encapsulation of antimicrobial peptides (HHC36) into anhydrous polycaprolactone (PCL) polymer-based dual layer coating...
April 17, 2018: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663565/risk-factors-for-early-invasive-fungal-infections-in-pediatric-liver-transplant-recipients
#14
Yehonatan Pasternak, Shiri Rubin, Efraim Bilavsky, Yael Mozer-Glassberg, Itzhak Levy, Elhanan Nahum, Eran Rom, Michael Gurevich, Haim Ben-Zvi, Liat Ashkenazi-Hoffnung
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) post-liver transplantation are a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality;however, studies reporting on these infections in the pediatric population are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of IFIs in pediatric liver transplant recipients during the early post-transplantation period (≤3 months). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected for all pediatric liver transplant recipients registered in a national transplantation center from 2004-2014...
April 17, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661929/arginase-1-expression-in-myeloid-cells-regulates-s-aureus-planktonic-but-not-biofilm-infection
#15
Kelsey J Yamada, Cortney E Heim, Amy L Aldrich, Casey M Gries, Anna G Staudacher, Tammy Kielian
S. aureus is a leading cause of device-associated biofilm infections, which represent a serious health care concern based on their chronicity and antibiotic resistance. We previously reported that S. aureus biofilms preferentially recruit myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), which promote monocyte and macrophage anti-inflammatory properties. This is associated with increased myeloid arginase-1 (Arg-1) expression, which has been linked to anti-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic activity that are observed during S...
April 16, 2018: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661631/chlorhexidine-containing-dressings-in-the-prevention-of-central-venous-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections-a-cost-and-resource-utilization-analysis
#16
Sebastian M Heimann, Lena M Biehl, Jörg Janne Vehreschild, Bernd Franke, Oliver A Cornely, Maria J G T Vehreschild
BACKGROUND: A recent study reported a reduction in probable/definite central venous catheter (CVC)-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) in neutropenic high-risk patients using CVC dressings with a chlorhexidine-containing gel pad. METHODS: Based on published data, a health-economic analysis was performed to analyze the economic effect of using CVC dressings with a chlorhexidine-containing gel pad compared to non-chlorhexidine control dressings. A micro-costing approach was used to determine CRBSI-related direct treatment cost factors...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661607/catheter-related-bloodstream-infection-due-to-rhodotorula-mucilaginosa-with-normal-serum-1%C3%A2-3-%C3%AE-d-glucan-level
#17
T Kitazawa, S Ishigaki, K Seo, Y Yoshino, Y Ota
Rhodotorula species are environmental basidiomycete yeasts that have emerged as a cause of fungemia in immunocompromised hosts. The insertion of a central venous catheter was identified as a major risk factor for Rhodotorula fungemia. Few cases reports have reported (1→3)-β-D-glucan testing at the onset of Rhodotorula mucilaginosa fungemia. We report a case of catheter-related bloodstream infection due to R. mucilaginosa. Serum β-D-glucan level was normal at the onset of the bloodstream infection. It took 5 days to culture the isolate...
April 13, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659468/routine-versus-clinically-indicated-short-peripheral-catheter-replacement-an-evidence-based-practice-project
#18
Catherine Stevens, Kerry A Milner, Jennifer Trudeau
Despite current, high-quality, level 1 evidence that supports clinically indicated short peripheral catheter (SPC) replacement, the current practice in the health care system studied was to change SPCs routinely every 96 hours. A before-and-after design was used to evaluate the impact of SPC replacement when clinically indicated. Following the practice change, there were no SPC-related infections, monthly phlebitis rates ranged from 1.9% to 3.5%, and SPC use decreased by 14.2%, resulting in estimated cost savings of $2100 and 70 hours of nursing time saved...
May 2018: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658218/-burden-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-outpatient-care
#19
Walter Zingg, Aliki Metsini, Qiao Fu, Diana Neves, Didier Pittet
There is little evidence on healthcare-associated infections in outpatient care. The Swiss Federal Office for Public Health commissioned a systematic review to estimate the incidence of healthcare-associated infections in non-institutional settings. A total of 126 papers were eligible for data abstraction. The identified reports and studies were heterogeneous and generally of low quality. The main outcomes were surgical site infections, central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections, and urinary tract infections...
April 11, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658216/-prevention-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-the-elderly-what-s-new-in-long-term-care-facilities
#20
Sonia Lajoso, Marie Immaculée Nahimana Tessemo, Eve Rubli Truchard, Amel Rodondi, Christiane Petignat
Urinary tract infections are common in the elderly. They are a frequent reason for antibiotic prescription in nursing homes and hospitals. Doctors are confronted daily to the challenge that it is to diagnose urinary tract infections in older patients. The incidence of asymptomatic bacteriuria and the presence of unspecific symptoms and signs in this population transform guidelines for prevention and treatment into some kind of a battle. In this article we will : 1) make a reminder of the particular features of urinary tract infection in the elderly person ; 2) present the recommendations made by the experts and 3) emphasize the prevention of catheter-related urinary tract infection...
April 11, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
keyword
keyword
33872
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"