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Catheters review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933591/charcoal-hemoperfusion-in-the-treatment-of-medically-refractory-pruritus-in-cholestatic-liver-disease
#1
Wonngarm Kittanamongkolchai, Ziad M El-Zoghby, J Eileen Hay, Russell H Wiesner, Patrick S Kamath, Nicholas F LaRusso, Kymberly D Watt, Carl H Cramer, Nelson Leung
BACKGROUND: Pruritus is a distressing symptom in a considerable proportion of cholestatic patients and a few of them do not respond to conventional treatment. Charcoal hemoperfusion (CH) is an extracorporeal technique that is effective in eliminating protein-bound substances which may have accumulated during cholestasis. Several case reports have shown significant reduction of bilirubin in mechanical jaundice and neonatal hemolytic jaundice. However, the published data of CH for the treatment of refractory pruritus in cholestatic patients are scarce...
December 8, 2016: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932858/one-stage-bone-strip-reconstruction-technique-with-balloon-sinus-dilatation-surgery-for-chronic-maxillary-atelectasis
#2
Tomoyuki Kashima, Robert A Goldberg, Jocelyne C Kohn, Daniel B Rootman
PURPOSE: Chronic maxillary atelectasis is characterized by unilateral spontaneous enophthalmos and hypoglobus due to increased orbital volume secondary to maxillary sinus inward deformation. Reformation of the sinus architecture and reconstruction of the orbit are key to a successful outcome. Here, we introduce a one-staged surgery that addresses both these goals. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 11 patients treated with one-stage orbital and sinus surgery...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927211/genetic-variations-of-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-2-and-alcohol-dehydrogenase-1b-are-associated-with-the-etiology-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-japanese
#3
Yukiko Nakano, Hidenori Ochi, Yuko Onohara, Akinori Sairaku, Takehito Tokuyama, Hiroya Matsumura, Shunsuke Tomomori, Michitaka Amioka, Naoya Hironomobe, Chikaaki Motoda, Nozomu Oda, Kazuaki Chayama, Che-Hong Chen, Eric R Gross, Daria Mochly-Rosen, Yasuki Kihara
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption and oxidative stress are well-known risk factors for developing atrial fibrillation (AF). Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH1B) and aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) genes encoding enzymes of alcohol and reactive aldehyde metabolism, respectively, are prevalent among East Asians. Here, we examined whether these SNPs were associated with AF in Japanese patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Five hundred seventy-seven Japanese patients with AF undergoing catheter ablation and 1935 controls at Hiroshima University Hospital were studied...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925339/incidence-of-cardiac-perforation-with-conventional-and-with-leadless-pacemaker-systems-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Mate Vamos, Julia W Erath, Alexander P Benz, Zsolt Bari, Gabor Z Duray, Stefan H Hohnloser
INTRODUCTION: Two leadless pacemaker (PM) systems were recently developed to avoid pocket- and lead-related complications. As leadless PMs are implanted with a large delivery catheter, cardiac perforation remains a major safety concern. We aimed to provide a literature review on incidence of cardiac perforation with conventional and with leadless PM systems. METHODS AND RESULTS: A systematic review over the last 25 years for studies reporting data on PM lead perforation was performed...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924199/in-plane-three-step-needle-insertion-technique-for-ultrasound-guided-continuous-femoral-nerve-block-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-review-of-488-cases
#5
Hyeon Ju Shin, Jung Sub Soh, Hyong Hwan Lim, Bumjoon Joo, Hye Won Lee, Hae Ja Lim
BACKGROUND: Continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) improves postoperative analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy and complications of our in-plane three-step needle insertion technique that was devised to reduce the risk of direct femoral nerve injury during CFNB in anesthetized patients. METHODS: This retrospective study included 488 patients who had undergone TKA. Ultrasound (US)-guided CFNB was performed under general or spinal anesthesia using an in-plane, three-step needle insertion technique...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922877/diagnostic-accuracy-of-central-venous-catheter-confirmation-by-bedside-ultrasound-versus-chest-radiography-in-critically-ill-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Enyo A Ablordeppey, Anne M Drewry, Alexander B Beyer, Daniel L Theodoro, Susan A Fowler, Brian M Fuller, Christopher R Carpenter
OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the accuracy of bedside ultrasound for confirmation of central venous catheter position and exclusion of pneumothorax compared with chest radiography. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, reference lists, conference proceedings and ClinicalTrials.gov. STUDY SELECTION: Articles and abstracts describing the diagnostic accuracy of bedside ultrasound compared with chest radiography for confirmation of central venous catheters in sufficient detail to reconstruct 2 × 2 contingency tables were reviewed...
December 5, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922849/renal-denervation-for-uncontrolled-hypertension-critical-review-of-the-evidence
#7
Chongjia Chen, Ashish Upadhyay
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypertension (HTN) is a major global public health problem. Endovascular catheter-based radiofrequency ablation of renal sympathetic nerve endings (renal denervation) is a novel treatment option for uncontrolled HTN. RECENT FINDINGS: Early clinical studies primarily in Australia and Europe established renal denervation as a well tolerated and feasible procedure that resulted in a sustained reduction in blood pressure among individuals with severe resistant HTN...
December 2, 2016: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922251/endovascular-prevention-and-treatment-of-stroke-related-to-extracranial-carotid-artery-disease
#8
Leonardo Rangel-Castilla, Gary B Rajah, Hakeem J Shakir, Jason M Davies, Kenneth V Snyder, Adnan H Siddiqui, Elad I Levy, L N Hopkins
Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is the leading cause of premature mortality and morbidity worldwide for both men and women. Extracranial carotid artery stenosis/occlusion is responsible for approximately 11.5%% of ischemic strokes, whereas extracranial large vessel disease comprises roughly 16.6% of ischemic strokes. Carotid artery disease has been the source of significant debate among neurovascular and cardiovascular specialists, as well as vascular surgeons, as to the best method of revascularization, surgical reconstruction versus endovascular recanalization...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920827/catheter-ablation-of-anteroseptal-accessory-pathways-from-the-aortic-cusps-a-case-series-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Konstantinos P Letsas, Michael Efremidis, Konstantinos Vlachos, Stamatis Georgopoulos, Nikolaos Karamichalakis, Athanasios Saplaouras, Sotirios Xydonas, Kosmas Valkanas, Antonios Sideris
Data regarding catheter ablation of anteroseptal accessory pathways through the aortic cusps are limited. We describe two cases of true para-Hisian accessory pathways successfully ablated from the aortic cusps (right coronary cusp and non-coronary cusp, respectively) along with a review of the current literature. Due to the close proximity to the atrioventricular node and the high risk of complication, mapping of the aortic cusps should always be considered in the case of anteroseptal accessory pathways. Anteroseptal accessory pathways can be safely and effectively ablated from the aortic cusps with good long-term outcomes...
December 2016: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920572/home-peripheral-nerve-catheters-the-first-24-months-of-experience-at-a-children-s-hospital
#10
Andrew Gable, Candice Burrier, Jenna Stevens, Sharon Wrona, Kevin Klingele, Tarun Bhalla, David P Martin, Giorgio Veneziano, Joseph D Tobias
CONTEXT: Home peripheral nerve catheters (PNCs) have become common practice for adult patients after major orthopedic surgery. However, use in pediatric patients is a recent application. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to review the demographics and outcomes of pediatric patients receiving a PNC at our institution. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients from October 2012 through October 2014 undergoing orthopedic procedures with a PNC placed for postoperative pain management...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920450/catheter-ablation-for-ventricular-tachycardia-in-patients-with-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-dysplasia-cardiomyopathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
H Jiang, X -L Zhang, Q -L Yang, S -H Zhu, H -S Yu, B Xu, W Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919308/outbreak-of-pantoea-agglomerans-bloodstream-infections-at-an-oncology-clinic-illinois-2012-2013
#12
Brian R Yablon, Raymund Dantes, Victoria Tsai, Rachel Lim, Heather Moulton-Meissner, Matthew Arduino, Bette Jensen, Megan Toth Patel, Michael O Vernon, Yoran Grant-Greene, Demian Christiansen, Craig Conover, Alexander Kallen, Alice Y Guh
OBJECTIVE To determine the source of a healthcare-associated outbreak of Pantoea agglomerans bloodstream infections. DESIGN Epidemiologic investigation of the outbreak. SETTING Oncology clinic (clinic A). METHODS Cases were defined as Pantoea isolation from blood or catheter tip cultures of clinic A patients during July 2012-May 2013. Clinic A medical charts and laboratory records were reviewed; infection prevention practices and the facility's water system were evaluated. Environmental samples were collected for culture...
December 6, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918616/nitric-oxide-donors-for-cervical-ripening-and-induction-of-labour
#13
REVIEW
Arpita Ghosh, Katherine R Lattey, Anthony J Kelly
BACKGROUND: Sometimes it is necessary to bring on labour artificially because of safety concerns for the mother or baby. This review is one of a series of reviews of methods of labour induction using a standardised protocol. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of NO donors (isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN), isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN), nitroglycerin and sodium nitroprusside) for third trimester cervical ripening or induction of labour, in comparison with placebo or no treatment or other treatments from a predefined hierarchy...
December 5, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918158/-cesarean-scar-ectopic-pregnancy
#14
L Zahálková, M Kacerovský
OBJECTIVE: To summarize current knowledge about cesarean scar pregnancy and to provide a review about available managements of this serious pregnancy pathology. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, District Hospital Náchod. RESULTS: Cesarean scar pregnancy is likely to be a result of impaired healing of the scar along with an increased affinity of trophoblast cells to extracellular matrix...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917728/comparing-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-prevention-programs-between-veterans-affairs-nursing-homes-and-non-veterans-affairs-nursing-homes
#15
Lona Mody, M Todd Greene, Sanjay Saint, Jennifer Meddings, Barbara W Trautner, Heidi L Wald, Christopher Crnich, Jane Banaszak-Holl, Sara E McNamara, Beth J King, Robert Hogikyan, Barbara S Edson, Sarah L Krein
OBJECTIVE The impact of healthcare system integration on infection prevention programs is unknown. Using catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) prevention as an example, we hypothesize that US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) nursing homes have a more robust infection prevention infrastructure due to integration and centralization compared with non-VA nursing homes. SETTING VA and non-VA nursing homes participating in the AHRQ Safety Program for Long-Term Care collaborative. METHODS Nursing homes provided baseline information about their infection prevention programs to assess strengths and gaps related to CAUTI prevention via a needs assessment questionnaire...
December 5, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917710/peri-procedural-anticoagulation-in-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-review
#16
Dimitrios A Vrachatis, Georgios Giannopoulos, Charalambos Kossyvakis, Panagopoulou Vasiliki, Manolis Vavuranakis, Theodore G Papaioannou, Stamatina Pagoni, Vlasios N Pyrgakis, Michael W Cleman, Spyridon G Deftereos
Catheter ablation for rhythm control in atrial fibrillation has been recognized as an established treatment. Patients with atrial fibrillation suffer from an increased risk from thromboembolic events. Long-term stroke risk and mortality has been shown to be reduced after catheter ablation, still the procedure per se is associated with an additive peri-procedural thromboembolic risk. Maintenance of the thrombotic - bleeding equilibrium in such patients during interventional procedures is compelling. Lack of data from randomized studies along with the recent introduction of novel oral anticoagulants in clinical practice has resulted in a wide variance of antithrombotic treatment approaches...
December 5, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916925/microbial-biofilms-in-urinary-tract-infections-and-prostatitis-etiology-pathogenicity-and-combating-strategies
#17
REVIEW
Cristina Delcaru, Ionela Alexandru, Paulina Podgoreanu, Mirela Grosu, Elisabeth Stavropoulos, Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc, Veronica Lazar
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most important causes of morbidity and health care spending affecting persons of all ages. Bacterial biofilms play an important role in UTIs, responsible for persistent infections leading to recurrences and relapses. UTIs associated with microbial biofilms developed on catheters account for a high percentage of all nosocomial infections and are the most common source of Gram-negative bacteremia in hospitalized patients. The purpose of this mini-review is to present the role of microbial biofilms in the etiology of female UTI and different male prostatitis syndromes, their consequences, as well as the challenges for therapy...
November 30, 2016: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916738/a-review-of-the-recent-advances-in-antimicrobial-coatings-for-urinary-catheters
#18
REVIEW
Priyadarshini Singha, Jason Locklin, Hitesh Handa
: More than 75% of hospital-acquired or nosocomial urinary tract infections are initiated by urinary catheters, which are used during the treatment of 15-25% of hospitalized patients. Among other purposes, urinary catheters are primarily used for draining urine after surgeries and for urinary incontinence. During catheter-associated urinary tract infections, bacteria travel up to the bladder and cause infection. A major cause of catheter-associated urinary tract infection is attributed to the use of non-ideal materials in the fabrication of urinary catheters...
December 1, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916715/360-degree-trabeculotomy-for-medically-refractory-glaucoma-following-cataract-surgery-and-juvenile-open-angle-glaucoma
#19
Maria E Lim, Jennifer B Dao, Sharon F Freedman
PURPOSE: While angle surgeries show good success in primary congenital glaucoma, reported success in glaucoma following cataract surgery (GFCS) and juvenile open angle glaucoma (JOAG) is variable and with relatively short follow-up. We evaluated longer-term outcomes of 360-trabeculotomy for medically-refractory GFCS and JOAG. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: First operated eyes of consecutive patients with medically-refractory GFCS and JOAG in a single-surgeon pediatric glaucoma practice who underwent illuminated microcatheter-assisted 360-trabeculotomy from 2/2008-6/2015 were reviewed...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916322/the-routine-use-of-the-pulmonary-artery-catheter-should-be-abandoned
#20
Nayer Youssef, Richard P Whitlock
The pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) is the most common method of measuring cardiac output in cardiac surgery. However, its use has always been questioned in terms of survival benefit, specifically with regard to the accuracy of its measurements and its invasive nature, with the potential for serious complications. In this review we aimed to develop a clear understanding of the pitfalls of the use of PAC, and discuss its risks and available alternatives. We conclude that there is no indication for the routine use of PAC such that clinicians should carefully consider the clinical risks and benefits on a patient by patient basis...
October 17, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
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