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Matthieu Fumagalli, Julien Berriot, Benoit de Gaudemaris, Anne Veyland, Jean-Luc Putaux, Sonia Molina-Boisseau, Laurent Heux
Rubber materials with well-dispersed fillers and large mechanical reinforcement have been obtained by melt-processing a diene elastomer matrix and tailored nanocellulose powders having both a high specific surface area and a modified interface. Such filler powders with a specific surface area of 180 m2 g-1 and 100 m2 g-1 have been obtained by freeze-drying suspensions of short needle-like cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) and entangled networks of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) in tert-butanol/water, respectively...
March 16, 2018: Soft Matter
Wan-Angkan Poolsri, Phornpun Phokrai, Somrudee Suwankulanan, Narinthorn Phakdeeto, Pattamaphorn Phunsomboon, Dumrongsak Pekthong, Lysiane Richert, Sutatip Pongcharoen, Piyarat Srisawang
Increased expression levels of both mitochondrial citrate transporter (CTP) and plasma membrane citrate transporter (PMCT) proteins have been found in various cancers. The transported citrates by these two transporter proteins provide acetyl-CoA precursors for the de novo lipogenesis (DNL) pathway to support a high rate of cancer cell viability and development. Inhibition of the DNL pathway promotes cancer cell apoptosis without apparent cytotoxic to normal cells, leading to the representation of selective and powerful targets for cancer therapy...
2018: BioMed Research International
Laurits J Holm, Martin Haupt-Jorgensen, Jesper Larsen, Jano D Giacobini, Mesut Bilgin, Karsten Buschard
Sphingolipids are a diverse group of lipids with important roles in beta-cell biology regulating insulin folding and controlling apoptosis. Sphingolipid biosynthesis begins with the condensation of L-serine and palmitoyl-CoA. Here we tested the effect of L-serine supplementation on autoimmune diabetes development and blood glucose homeostasis in female NOD mice. We found that continuous supplementation of L-serine reduces diabetes incidence and insulitis score. In addition, L-serine treated mice had an improved glucose tolerance test, reduced HOMA-IR, and reduced blood glucose levels...
2018: PloS One
Qian Chen, Mengyang Liu, Haiyang Yu, Jian Li, Sijian Wang, Yi Zhang, Feng Qiu, Tao Wang
Scutellaria baicalensis has been reported to improve the lipid metabolism of high-fat diet-induced liver dysfunction, but direct evidence is rare. This study aimed to explore the effects and mechanisms of S. baicalensis and its major constituent baicalin on hepatic lipotoxicity. KK-Ay mice and orotic acid (OA)-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) rats were used to evaluate lipid metabolism regulatory effects. Sodium oleate-induced triglyceride-accumulated HepG2 cells were used for the mechanism study, pretreated with or without compound C or STO-609 or transfected with liver kinase B1 (LKB1) siRNA...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
Li-Na Wang, Mei-Hua Gao, Bing Wang, Bei-Bei Cong, Shu-Chao Zhang
Cluster of differentiation 59 (CD59) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein. Cross-linking of CD59 with specific monoclonal antibodies can cause a series of intracellular signal transduction events. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Linker for activation of T-cells (LAT) is a crucial adaptor protein in T-cell signaling, and its phosphorylation and palmitoylation are essential for its localization and function. In a previous study by the present authors, it was demonstrated that CD59 may be responsible for LAT palmitoylation, thereby regulating T-cell signal transduction...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Shota Ichimizu, Hiroshi Watanabe, Hitoshi Maeda, Keisuke Hamasaki, Yuka Nakamura, Victor Tuan Giam Chuang, Ryo Kinoshita, Kento Nishida, Ryota Tanaka, Yuki Enoki, Yu Ishima, Akihiko Kuniyasu, Yoshihiro Kobashigawa, Hiroshi Morioka, Shiro Futaki, Masaki Otagiri, Toru Maruyama
Human serum albumin (HSA) is a superior carrier for delivering extracellular drugs. However, the development of a cell-penetrating HSA remains a great challenge due to its low membrane permeability. We report herein on the design of a series of palmitoyl-poly-arginine peptides (CPPs) and an evaluation of their cell-penetrating effects after forming a complex with HSA for use in intracellular drug delivery. The palmitoyl CPPs forms a stable complex with HSA by anchoring itself to the high affinity palmitate binding sites of HSA...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Yi Shi, Jianfeng Bai, Shuwei Guo, Jiandong Wang
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is an aggressive malignancy of the bile duct, representing the second most common primary liver cancer. Wntless (Wls) is a highly conserved transmembrane protein that shuttles palmitoylated Wnt proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane. Wls is highly expressed in various types of cancers and is essential for cell proliferation, anti-apoptotic activity, and survival. The profile of Wls expression and its clinical significance has not been well clarified in ICC...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
Guang Ren, Agnes M Rimando, Suresh T Mathews
Pterostilbene, a bioactive component of blueberries and grapes, shows structural similarity to resveratrol, and exhibits antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, hypoglycemic, and cholesterol lowering effects. Recent evidence indicates that pterostilbene is an agonist of the nuclear receptor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-α). Since PPAR-α agonists induce peroxisomal proliferation and fatty acid oxidation, we examined gene expression of acyl CoA oxidase (ACO) and carnitine palmitoyl transferase-1 (CPT-1)...
March 7, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Konstantina Karathanou, Ana-Nicoleta Bondar
Lipid membrane interfaces are complex environments that host essential cellular processes such as binding of proteins or drug molecules. A key open question is how water molecules at the interface of membranes with anionic lipids participate in protein binding. To address this question, we studied the dynamics of water hydrogen bonding at the interface of membranes composed of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylglycerol, and implemented an algorithm to identify hydrogen-bonded networks at the interface of a lipid membrane, and to characterize their dynamics and linear connections...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Membrane Biology
Sabine Schürmann, Georg Steffes, Dominique Manikowski, Philipp Kastl, Ursula Malkus, Shyam Bandari, Stefanie Ohlig, Corinna Ortmann, Rocio Rebollido-Rios, Mandy Otto, Harald Nüsse, Daniel Hoffmann, Christian Klämbt, Milos Galic, Jürgen Klingauf, Kay Grobe
Cell fate determination during development often requires morphogen transport from producing to distant responding cells. Hedgehog (Hh) morphogens present a challenge to this concept, as all Hhs are synthesized as terminally lipidated molecules that form insoluble clusters at the surface of producing cells. While several proposed Hh transport modes tie directly into these unusual properties, the crucial step of Hh relay from producing cells to receptors on remote responding cells remains unresolved. Using wing development in Drosophila melanogaster as a model, we show that Hh relay and direct patterning of the 3-4 intervein region strictly depend on proteolytic removal of lipidated N-terminal membrane anchors...
March 9, 2018: ELife
Lan H Chu, Mohanalaxmi Indramohan, Rojo A Ratsimandresy, Anu Gangopadhyay, Emily P Morris, Denise M Monack, Andrea Dorfleutner, Christian Stehlik
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Gram-negative bacteria can elicit a strong immune response. Although extracellular LPS is sensed by TLR4 at the cell surface and triggers a transcriptional response, cytosolic LPS binds and activates non-canonical inflammasome caspases, resulting in pyroptotic cell death, as well as canonical NLRP3 inflammasome-dependent cytokine release. Contrary to the highly regulated multiprotein platform required for caspase-1 activation in the canonical inflammasomes, the non-canonical mouse caspase-11 and the orthologous human caspase-4 function simultaneously as innate sensors and effectors, and their regulation is unclear...
March 8, 2018: Nature Communications
P Jariyahatthakij, B Chomtee, T Poeikhampha, W Loongyai, C Bunchasak
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of supplementing methionine (Met) in a low-protein (Low-CP) diet during d 11 to 24 and subsequently feeding with a low-metabolizable energy diet (Low-ME; -75 kcal/kg) or a normal ME diet during d 25 to 42 on the productive performance, blood chemical profile, and lipid metabolism-related gene expression of broiler chickens. The 1,600 broiler chicks were divided into 5 groups as follows: 1) Normal CP, then Normal ME; 2) Low-CP, then Normal ME; 3) Low-CP, then Low-ME; 4) Low-CP+Met, then Normal ME; and 5) Low-CP+Met, then Low-ME...
March 5, 2018: Poultry Science
Paula M Miotto, Chris McGlory, Tanya M Holloway, Stuart M Phillips, Graham P Holloway
Mitochondrial bioenergetic contributions to sex-differences in human skeletal muscle metabolism remain poorly defined. The primary aim of this study was to determine if mitochondrial respiratory kinetics differed between healthy young men and women in permeabilized skeletal muscle fibres. While men and women displayed similar (P>0.05) maximal respiration rates and abundance of mitochondrial/adenosine diphosphate (ADP) transport proteins, women had lower (P<0.05) mitochondrial ADP sensitivity (+30% apparent Km) and absolute respiration rates at a physiologically relevant ADP concentration (100M)...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Xinxing Zhang, Kevin M Barraza, J L Beauchamp
The role of cholesterol in bilayer and monolayer lipid membranes has been of great interest. On the biophysical front, cholesterol significantly increases the order of the lipid packing, lowers the membrane permeability, and maintains membrane fluidity by forming liquid-ordered-phase lipid rafts. However, direct observation of any influence on membrane chemistry related to these cholesterol-induced physical properties has been absent. Here we report that the addition of 30 mol % cholesterol to 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) or 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-(1'-rac-glycerol) (POPG) monolayers at the air-water interface greatly reduces the oxidation and ester linkage cleavage chemistries initiated by potent chemicals such as OH radicals and HCl vapor, respectively...
March 5, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Sabrina Dahlizar, Mika Futaki, Akie Okada, Wesam Radhi Kadhum, Hiroaki Todo, Kenji Sugibayashi
Palmitoyl-glycine-histidine (Pal-GH) is a new low molecular weight gelling agent. It exhibits thixotropic behavior, low viscosity, and high dissolving properties for a wide range of hydrophilic to lipophilic drugs. Orally administered ivermectin (IVM) is used to treat scabies. However, this treatment is associated with well-known side effects, thus a study is awaited to search for alternative routes of administration. Although a topical formulation of IVM could be a candidate, it requires whole body application except the head and face for several hours on a daily basis...
2018: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Tânia Melo, Sara S Marques, Isabel Ferreira, Maria Teresa Cruz, Pedro Domingues, Marcela A Segundo, Maria Rosário Marques Domingues
Nitro-fatty acids (NO2 -FA) have been widely studied with regard to their identification, structural characterization, and biological actions. NO2 -FA could also be present endogenously esterified to phospholipids (PL), and NO2 -PL were already detected in cardiac mitochondria from diabetic rats and cardiomyoblasts subjected to starvation. However, the biological actions of NO2 -PL have been overlooked. In this study, we evaluate the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential of the nitrated 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) formed in vitro by incubation with NO2 BF4 , in a well-recognized mimetic model of nitroxidative stress...
January 2018: Lipids
Roland Hillmann, Martina Viefhues, Lukas Gött-Zink, Dominic Gilzer, Thomas Hellweg, Armin Gölzhäuser, Tilman Kottke, Dario Anselmetti
Free-standing lipid membranes are promising for many biophysical applications as a model system to mimic biological cell membranes. To improve the mechanical properties of lipid membranes UV-polymerized lipids have been introduced. We investigated free-standing as well as substrate-supported monolayers of 1-palmitoyl-2-(10,12-tricosadiynoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (PTPE) and 1,2-bis(10,12-tricosadiynoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DiynePC) and characterized them with respect to their structure, morphology and stability...
February 27, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Jean-Philippe Leduc-Gaudet, Olivier Reynaud, François Chabot, Jocelyne Mercier, David E Andrich, David H St-Pierre, Gilles Gouspillou
Multiple aspects of mitochondrial function and dynamics remain poorly studied in the skeletal muscle of pediatric models in response to a short-term high-fat diet (HFD). This study investigated the impact of a short-term HFD on mitochondrial function and dynamics in the oxidative soleus (SOL) and glycolytic extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles in young rats. Young male Wistar rats were submitted to either HFD or normal chow (NCD) diets for 14 days. Permeabilized myofibers from SOL and EDL were prepared to assess mitochondrial respiration and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production...
February 2018: Physiological Reports
Lin Jin, Neha P Kamat, Siddhartha Jena, Jack W Szostak
Prior to the evolution of membrane proteins, intrinsic membrane stability and permeability to polar solutes are essential features of a primitive cell membrane. These features are difficult to achieve simultaneously in model protocells made of either pure fatty acid or phospholipid membranes, raising the intriguing question of how the transition from fatty acid to phospholipid membranes might have occurred while continuously supporting encapsulated reactions required for genomic replication. Here, the properties of a blended membrane system composed of both oleic acid (OA), a monoacyl fatty acid, and 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC), a diacyl phospholipid are described...
February 26, 2018: Small
Van Long Nguyen
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in the analysis of phospholipids in red blood cells as potential long-term biomarkers of different disease states. Here, we describe a simple method for the analysis of two phospholipids: 1-Palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanol (PE 16:0/18:1) and 1-Palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanol (PE 16:/0/18:2) in erythrocytes by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). METHODS: Whole blood samples were removed free of plasma and washed in isotonic saline...
February 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
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