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Intraoperative Cell Salvage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441316/hemolysis-following-intraoperative-cell-salvage-replacement-in-a-scoliosis-patient-with-sickle-cell-trait-a-case-report
#1
Daniel You, Alejandro Peiro Garcia, Fabio Ferri-de-Barros, David Parsons
STUDY DESIGN: Case Report. OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel presentation of acute renal failure associated with hemolysis following intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) in a neuromuscular scoliosis patient with sickle cell trait (SCT). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Hemolysis associated acute renal failure following ICS in patients with SCT has not been previously reported. Sickle cell disease is regarded as a relative contraindication for ICS due to the risk of red blood cell sickling in the hypoxic cell saver reservoir...
April 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385576/blood-transfusions-may-impair-endothelium-dependent-vasodilatation-during-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#2
Alessio Rungatscher, Elisabetta Milani, Cecilia Covajes, Seth Hallström, Leonardo Gottin, Gian Cesare Guidi, Giovanni Battista Luciani, Giuseppe Faggian
OBJECTIVE: The hemolytic product free-hemoglobin (fHb) reduces nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. The present study aims to establish whether administration of different blood transfusions result in increased circulating fHb levels and NO consumption with effects on arterial NO-dependent blood flow in patients undergoing CABG surgery. METHODS: Ninety-five consecutive patients undergoing elective CABG surgery were prospectively divided in four groups based on blood transfusion requirements during surgery: stored blood cells (SBC, n...
April 4, 2017: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323241/the-safety-efficacy-and-cost-effectiveness-of-intraoperative-cell-salvage-in-metastatic-spine-tumour-surgery
#3
Mahmoud Elmalky, Naveed Yasin, Ricardo Rodrigues-Pinto, John Stephenson, Craig Carroll, Glyn Smurthwaite, Rajat Verma, Saeed Mohammad, Irfan Siddique
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Metastatic spine tumour surgery (MSTS) is associated with substantial blood loss therefore leading to high morbidity and mortality. While intraoperative cell salvage with leucocyte depletion filter (IOCS-LDF) has been studied as an effective mean of reducing blood loss in other surgical settings, including the spine, no study has yet analysed the efficacy of re-infusion of salvaged blood in reducing the need for allogenic blood transfusion in patients who have had surgery for MSTS...
March 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293381/thrombocytopenia-in-cirrhosis-impact-of-fibrinogen-on-bleeding-risk
#4
Sonali V Thakrar, Susan V Mallett
AIM: To investigate the relationship between baseline platelet count, clauss fibrinogen, maximum amplitude (MA) on thromboelastography, and blood loss in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of our OLT Database (2006-2015) was performed. Baseline haematological indices and intraoperative blood transfusion requirements, as a combination of cell salvage return and estimation of 300 mls/unit of allogenic blood, was noted as a surrogate for intraoperative bleeding...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258943/anaesthesia-for-abnormally-invasive-placenta-a-single-institution-case-series
#5
N J Taylor, R Russell
BACKGROUND: Abnormally invasive placenta describes a spectrum of disorders resulting in pathological placental implantation. It is associated with the potential for severe maternal haemorrhage and poor fetal outcome. Increasing numbers of women are at risk owing to the rising incidence of uterine surgery and increasing maternal age. We report data over a five-year period describing anaesthetic management of cases of abnormally invasive placenta in a UK tertiary-referral maternity unit and assess how management has developed...
January 23, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255621/irreversible-electroporation-of-small-renal-masses-suboptimal-oncologic-efficacy-in-an-early-series
#6
Noah E Canvasser, Igor Sorokin, Aaron H Lay, Monica S C Morgan, Asim Ozayar, Clayton Trimmer, Jeffrey A Cadeddu
PURPOSE: To report on the first short-term oncologic outcomes of percutaneous irreversible electroporation for small renal masses. METHODS: Patients with cT1a renal masses treated with irreversible electroporation from April 2013 through December 2016 were reviewed. Small, low complexity tumors were generally selected for irreversible electroporation using the NanoKnife(®) System (Angiodynamics, Latham, NY, USA). Surveillance imaging was performed post-operatively, and survival analysis was completed using the Kaplan-Meier method...
March 2, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238873/cell-salvage-used-in-scoliosis-surgery-is-it-really-effective
#7
REVIEW
Jia-Ming Liu, Bi-Qi Fu, Wen-Zhao Chen, Jiang-Wei Chen, Shan-Hu Huang, Zhi-Li Liu
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis surgery is usually associated with large volume of intraoperative blood loss and cell salvage is commonly used to filter and retranfusion autologous blood to patients. However, the efficacy of using cell salvage in scoliosis surgery is still controversial. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to make clear that intraoperative use of cell salvage is effective to decrease the volume of perioperative allogenic blood transfusion in scoliosis surgery...
February 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197273/clinical-and-surgical-strategies-for-avoiding-or-reducing-allogeneic-blood-transfusions
#8
Antonio Alceu Dos Santos, Jose Francisco Baumgratz, Jose Henrique Andrade Vila, Rodrigo Moreira Castro, Rodrigo Freire Bezerra
Blood transfusions have still been used as a standard therapy to treat severe anemia. Current evidences point to both excessive allogeneic blood consumption and decreased donations, which result in reduced stocks in blood banks. Several studies have increasingly suggested a more restrictive transfusion practice for blood products. Currently, a number of autologous blood conservation protocols in surgeries have been noted. We report a case of severe anemia with 2.9 g/dL hemoglobin, which was successfully handled without using the standard therapy to treat anemia with hemotransfusions...
April 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195859/metallosis-identified-via-intraoperative-cell-salvage-a-case-report
#9
Lauren M Parker, Mark H Yazer, Jonathan H Waters
Intraoperative cell salvage, whereby shed surgical blood is recovered for autologous reinfusion, is frequently used during hip arthroplasty because of the potential for significant blood loss. The following cases describe 2 instances in which chromium and cobalt particles from patients' metal-on-metal hip implants were identified within the blood recovery system. Results of heavy metal testing during the second case suggest that the use of a leukocyte reduction filter effectively reduces metal concentrations to below normal circulating levels...
February 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031095/effect-of-point-of-care-hemoglobin-hematocrit-devices-and-autologous-blood-salvage-on-reduction-of-perioperative-allogeneic-blood-transfusion
#10
Wei-Yun Chen, Xue-Rong Yu, Jiao Zhang, Qing Yuan, Yu-Guang Huang
Objective To evaluate the effect of point-of-care hemoglobin/hematocrit (POC HGB/HCT) devices and intraoperative blood salvage on the amount of perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion and blood conservation in clinical practice.Methods A total of 46 378 medical records of 22 selected hospitals were reviewed. The volume of allogeneic red blood cell and plasma, number of patients transfused, number of intraoperative autologous blood salvage, total volume of autologous blood transfusion, and amount of surgery in the year of 2011 and 2013 were tracked...
June 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977422/metallosis-identified-via-intraoperative-cell-salvage
#11
Lauren M Parker, Mark H Yazer, Jonathan H Waters
Intraoperative cell salvage, whereby shed surgical blood is recovered for autologous reinfusion, is frequently used during hip arthroplasty because of the potential for significant blood loss. The following cases describe 2 instances in which chromium and cobalt particles from patients' metal-on-metal hip implants were identified within the blood recovery system. Results of heavy metal testing during the second case suggest that the use of a leukocyte reduction filter effectively reduces metal concentrations to below normal circulating levels...
December 12, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871571/spine-tumor-resection-among-patients-who-refuse-blood-product-transfusion-a-retrospective-case-series
#12
Alexandra E Kisilevsky, Liam Stobart, Kristine Roland, Alana M Flexman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe the perioperative blood conservation strategies and postoperative outcomes in patients who undergo complex spinal surgery for tumor resection and who also refuse blood product transfusion. DESIGN: A retrospective case series. SETTING: A single-center, tertiary care and academic teaching hospital in Canada. PATIENTS: All adult patients undergoing elective major spine tumor resection and refusing blood product transfusion who were referred to our institutional Blood Utilization Program between June 1, 2004, and May 9, 2014...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787286/haemorrhage-at-caesarean-section-a-framework-for-prevention-and-research
#13
Jennifer E Jardine, Penny Law, Matthew Hogg, Deirdre Murphy, Khalid S Khan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Caesarean section rates are increasing across the world. Postpartum haemorrhage is a major cause of morbidity and mortality; major haemorrhage is more common after caesarean delivery. There is a wide range of practice in the prevention and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage at caesarean section. The aim of this review is to summarize current opinion in the management of postpartum haemorrhage at caesarean section. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent large randomized controlled trials have shown a possible effect from the routine use of tranexamic acid and ergometrine...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730349/unexpected-microscopically-positive-proximal-resection-margins-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-after-chemoradiotherapy-predictors-and-prognostic-significance
#14
Chien-Hung Chiu, Yin-Kai Chao, Yu-Wen Wen, Hsien-Kun Chang, Chen-Kan Tseng, Yun-Hen Liu
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer has the propensity to spread in a longitudinal manner (either proximally or distally), potentially resulting in the unexpected presence of microscopic disease at grossly tumor-free margins. The clinical significance of this phenomenon in patients treated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT) remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence, predictors, and prognostic impact of microscopically positive proximal resection margins (PPRMs) in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) who received CRT...
January 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715476/individualized-laparoscopic-therapy-for-portal-hypertension-a-preliminary-single-center-experience
#15
Dou-Sheng Bai, Kui-Sheng Yang, Guo-Qing Jiang, Jian-Jun Qian, Ping Chen, Sheng-Jie Jin
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects and technical points of several individualized laparoscopic therapies for patients suffering from cirrhotic portal hypertension. METHODS: In total, 385 cirrhotic patients who underwent the treatment of individualized laparoscopic therapy from February 2012 to December 2015 at the Clinical Medical College of Yangzhou University were enrolled in this study. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and the key technical points...
February 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671218/anesthetic-management-of-transapical-off-pump-mitral-valve-repair-with-neochord-implantation
#16
Ali Sait Kavakli, Nilgun Kavrut Ozturk, Raif Umut Ayoglu, Mustafa Emmiler, Lutfi Ozyurek, Kerem Inanoglu, Sadik Ozmen
OBJECTIVES: Various minimally invasive surgical approaches have been used in mitral valve (MV) surgery. The transapical off-pump mitral valve intervention with NeoChord implantation (TOP-MINI) is a minimally invasive, alternative procedure for the treatment of degenerative mitral regurgitation. There are several special considerations for the anesthesiologist during the TOP-MINI procedure. The main purpose of this study was to present the anesthetic management of the TOP-MINI procedure...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668331/efficacy-of-intraoperative-cell-salvage-in-decreasing-perioperative-blood-transfusion-rates-in-first-time-cardiac-surgery-patients-a-retrospective-study
#17
Claudia L Côté, Alexandra M Yip, Jeffrey B MacLeod, Bill O'Reilly, Joshua Murray, Maral Ouzounian, Craig D Brown, Rand Forgie, Marc P Pelletier, Ansar Hassan
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the safety and efficacy of intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) in transfusion reduction during cardiac surgery remains conflicting. We sought to evaluate the impact of routine ICS on outcomes following cardiac surgery. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent nonemergent, first-time cardiac surgery 18 months before and 18 months after the implementation of routine ICS. Perioperative transfusion rates, postoperative bleeding, clinical and hematological outcomes, and overall cost were examined...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614051/very-low-rate-of-patient-related-adverse-events-associated-with-the-use-of-intraoperative-cell-salvage
#18
Diana DeAndrade, Jonathan H Waters, Darrell J Triulzi, Louis Alarcon, Mary Kay Wisniewski, Robert Dyga, Mark H Yazer
BACKGROUND: The rate of patient-related clinical adverse events (AEs) associated with the use of intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) was analyzed. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The perfusion service and electronic risk management databases in a nine-hospital regional health care system were reviewed over an approximately 11-year period. The number of ICS cases performed during this period and basic patient demographics were also extracted. RESULTS: There were 43,198 patients for whom ICS was utilized during the study period...
September 9, 2016: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559005/pediatric-patient-blood-management-programs-not-just-transfusing-little-adults
#19
REVIEW
Ruchika Goel, Melissa M Cushing, Aaron A R Tobian
Red blood cell transfusions are a common life-saving intervention for neonates and children with anemia, but transfusion decisions, indications, and doses in neonates and children are different from those of adults. Patient blood management (PBM) programs are designed to assist clinicians with appropriately transfusing patients. Although PBM programs are well recognized and appreciated in the adult setting, they are quite far from standard of care in the pediatric patient population. Adult PBM standards cannot be uniformly applied to children, and there currently is significant variation in transfusion practices...
October 2016: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536627/patient-blood-management-in-hip-replacement-arthroplasty
#20
REVIEW
Jong Hee Lee, Seung Beom Han
Perioperative blood transfusions are common in total hip arthroplasty because of preoperative anemia and perioperative blood loss. Perioperative anemia and the need for allogeneic blood transfusion are related with increased morbidity. To reduce perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion, keeping the preoperative hemoglobin level above 12.0 g/dL is important in orthopedic patients. By using the anti-fibrinolytic agent or perioperative cell salvage, reduce intraoperative blood loss is very important for the reduction of perioperative blood loss...
December 2015: Hip & Pelvis
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