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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766297/data-on-heavy-metal-in-coastal-sediments-from-south-east-coast-of-tamilnadu-india-using-energy-dispersive-x-ray-fluorescence-edxrf-technique
#1
J Chandramohan, G Senthilkumar, M Suresh Gandhi, R Ravisankar
This article contains the chemical and geographical data and figures for the chemical data in sediments of East Coast (Pattipulam to Dhevanampattinam) of Tamilnadu. The obtained data are related to the research article "Heavy Metal Assessment in Sediment Samples Collected From Pattipulam to Dhevanampattinam along the East Coast of Tamil Nadu Using EDXRF Technique" (Chandramohan et al., 2016) [1]. Chemical data are collected from Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (EDXRF). Furthermore, the obtained chemical data describes it in more detail in the figures...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689552/an-education-management-information-system-with-simultaneous-monitoring-of-stress-stimulators-for-students-mental-health-management
#2
S Manimaran, S Jeyakumar, K Bhagya Lakshmi
Education Management Information System (EMIS) is a widely acceptable and developing technology within the Information Technology field. The advancement in technology in this century is being collaborated with scientific invention or explorer and information strengthening or development. This paper presents the results and experiences gained from applying students oriented EMIS for monitoring and managing mental health. The Mental Health of students depends on the acquiring adequate knowledge on basic concepts within a time period or academic schedule...
September 23, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549577/leptospiral-renal-colonization-status-in-asymptomatic-rural-population-of-tiruchirapalli-district-tamilnadu-india
#3
Karikalacholan Sivasankari, Santhanam Shanmughapriya, Kalimuthusamy Natarajaseenivasan
Humans are known to excrete leptospires in their urine after recovery from illness and there are reports showing development of asymptomatic leptospiruria in settings of high disease transmission. In this regard, we sought to evaluate the asymptomatic renal carriage status of humans in the highly endemic region of Tiruchirapalli district, Tamilnadu, India. A total of 245 asymptomatic participants were included. Urine and blood samples were collected and the extent of leptospiral infection was characterized by MAT, qPCR, 16S rRNA, and dot blot assay...
June 2016: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503918/high-prevalence-of-enterocytozoon-hepatopenaei-in-shrimps-penaeus-monodon-and-litopenaeus-vannamei-sampled-from-slow-growth-ponds-in-india
#4
Narayanan Biju, Ganesan Sathiyaraj, Mithun Raj, Venu Shanmugam, Babu Baskaran, Umamaheswari Govindan, Gayathri Kumaresan, Karthick Kannan Kasthuriraju, Thampi Sam Raj Yohannan Chellamma
Hepatopancreatic microsporidiosis in cultivated Litopenaeus vannamei and Penaeus monodon is caused by the newly emerged pathogen Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP). It has been detected in shrimp cultured in China, Vietnam and Thailand and is suspected to have occurred in Malaysia and Indonesia and to be associated with severely retarded growth. Due to retarded shrimp growth being reported at farms in the major grow-out states of Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha in India, shrimp were sampled from a total of 235 affected ponds between March 2014 and April 2015 to identify the presence of EHP...
August 9, 2016: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502183/assessment-of-physico-chemical-characteristics-of-water-in-tamilnadu
#5
R Udhayakumar, P Manivannan, K Raghu, S Vaideki
Water is an important component to human life. The major aims of the present work are to assess the quality of the ground water and its impact in Villupuram District of Tamilnadu. The present study focus to bring an awareness among the people about the quality of ground water by taking water samples from various locations for Physico - Chemical analysis of the ground water. This analysis result was compared with the WHO, ICMR, USPH and European standards of drinking water quality parameters with the following water quality parameters namely pH, Electrical conductivity, Cl, , Na, K, Ca , Mg, Total dissolved solids, Total hardness, Dissolved oxygen, Fluoride etc...
August 5, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472752/assessment-of-natural-radioactivity-and-radiological-hazards-in-brick-samples-used-in-tiruvannamalali-district-tamilnadu-india-with-a-statistical-approach
#6
Y Raghu, R Ravisankar, A Chandrasekaran, P Vijayagopal, B Venkatraman
The activity concentration of Ra, Th and K in brick samples used in Tiruvannamalai District of Tamilnadu has been determined using gamma ray spectrometry. The activity concentration ranges from BDL to 16.02 Bq kg, 17.86 to 120.19 Bq kg, 240.09 to 481.35 Bq kg for Ra, Th, and K, respectively. The concentration of these radionuclides is compared with reported data from other countries. The radium equivalent activity (Raeq), absorbed gamma dose rate (DR), annual effective dose rate (HR), annual gonadal dose equivalent (AGDE), criteria formula (CF), representative level index (RLI), activity utilization index (AUI), gamma index (Iγ), alpha index (Iα), the external hazard (Hex), and internal hazard (Hin) indices are calculated for the measured samples to assess the radiation hazards due to the use of these materials in the construction of dwellings...
September 2016: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472566/association-between-optimism-psychosocial-well-being-and-oral-health-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
G Thiruvenkadam, Sharath Asokan, J Baby John, P R Geetha Priya
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the association of optimism and psychosocial well being of school going children on their oral health status. STUDY DESIGN: The study included 12- to 15-year-old school going children (N = 2014) from Tamilnadu, India. Optimism was measured using the revised version of the Life Orientation Test (LOT-R). A questionnaire was sent to the parents regarding their child's psychosocial behavior which included shyness, feeling inferiority, unhappiness and friendliness...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190788/heavy-metal-contamination-in-groundwater-around-industrial-estate-vs-residential-areas-in-coimbatore-india
#8
K Mohankumar, V Hariharan, N Prasada Rao
INTRODUCTION: Water is the vital resource, necessary for all aspects of human and ecosystem survival and health. Depending on the quality, bore water may be used for human consumption, irrigation purposes and livestock watering. The quality of bore water can vary widely depending on the quality of ground water that is its source. Pollutants are being added to the ground water system through human and natural processes. Solid waste from industrial units is being dumped near the factories, which react with percolating rainwater and reaches the ground water...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27016014/entomofaunal-diversity-of-tree-hole-mosquitoes-in-western-and-eastern-ghats-hill-ranges-of-tamilnadu-india
#9
P Senthamarai Selvan, A Jebanesan, D Reetha
The distribution and abundance of various mosquito vectors is important in the determination of disease prevalence in disease endemic areas. The aim of the present study was to conduct regular entomological surveillance and to determine the relative abundance of tree hole mosquito species in Tamilnadu, India. In addition to this, the impact of weather-conditions on tree hole mosquito population were evaluated between June, 2014 and May, 2015. Six hills ranges viz., Anaimalai hills, Kodaikanal hills, Sitheri hills, Kolli hills, Yercaud hills, and Megamalai were selected, the immatures collected from tree holes by the help of suction tube...
July 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26577860/multilocus-sequence-typing-mlst-of-leptospiral-strains-isolated-from-two-geographic-locations-of-tamil-nadu-india
#10
Murugesan Kanagavel, Alphonse Asirvatham Princy Margreat, Manivel Arunkumar, Shanmugarajan Gnanasekaran Prabhakaran, Santhanam Shanmughapriya, Kalimuthusamy Natarajaseenivasan
Here the rodent carrier status for the transmission of human leptospirosis in Tiruchirappalli, district, Tamil Nadu, India was assessed. The predominantly circulating leptospiral STs were recognized by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). A total of 113 rodents were trapped from different provinces of the Tiruchirappalli district. The most prevalent rodent was Bandicota bengalensis (37.2%), and of the total, 52.2% (n=59) rodents were found to be positive for leptospiral 16S rRNA. These results were validated with a leptospiral culture positivity of 45...
January 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557612/fluoride-content-of-bottled-drinking-water-in-chennai-tamilnadu
#11
Sujatha Somasundaram, Karunya Ravi, K Rajapandian, Deepa Gurunathan
CONTEXT: The optimum level of fluoride in drinking water is 0.7 to 1.2 ppm. Decreased fluoride concentration leads to increased risk of caries and increased concentration can lead to dental or skeletal fluorosis. One crore liters of water is supplied to Chennai and surrounding areas through pouches and bottles which carters about one third of city population. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the fluoride concentration in top 10 bottled waters in Chennai and to check the accuracy of their labelling...
October 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26447776/a-stand-alone-eeg-monitoring-system-for-remote-diagnosis
#12
Sadish Kumar Thangavelu, Nehru Kasthuri, Vivekanandan Sundaram, Navneet Aravind, Nishant Bilakanti
BACKGROUND: In low-income countries with limited infrastructure, remote diagnoses are a sustainable solution to healthcare issues. Current electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring devices are very expensive and may not be feasible in rural areas. Because a seizure is nonstationary, composed of multiple frequencies, and difficult to acquire, visual and conventional frequency-based methods have limited application. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred healthy individuals at their best possible conscious state and 25 patients with an epileptic seizure a few hours prior to the time of recording were chosen...
April 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26434708/energy-production-through-organic-fraction-of-municipal-solid-waste-a-multiple-regression-modeling-approach
#13
N Ramesh, G Vennila, J Abdul Bari, S Ramesh, P MageshKumar
In the 21st century, people migrated from rural to urban areas for several reasons. As a result, the populations of Indian cities are increasing day by day. On one hand, the country is developing in the field of science and technology and on the other hand, it is encountering a serious problem called 'Environmental degradation'. Due to increase in population, the generation of solid waste is also increased and is being disposed in open dumps and landfills which lead to air and land pollution. This study is attempted to generate energy out of organic solid waste by the bio- fermentation process...
October 1, 2015: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26366709/phytoremediation-potential-of-some-agricultural-plants-on-heavy-metal-contaminated-mine-waste-soils-salem-district-tamilnadu
#14
S Padmapriya, N Murugan, C Ragavendran, R Thangabalu, D Natarajan
The Pot culture experiment performed for phytoextraction potential of selected agricultural plants [millet (Eleusine coracana), mustard (Brassica juncea), jowar (Sorghum bicolor), black gram (Vigna mungo), pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis)] grown in metal contaminated soils around the Salem region, Tamilnadu, India. Physiochemical characterization of soils, reported as low to medium level of N, P, K was found in test soils. The Cr content higher in mine soils than control and the values are 0.176 mg/L in Dalmia soil and 0...
2016: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26349480/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-mih-in-school-children-residing-in-an-endemic-fluorosis-area-of-india-an-epidemiological-study
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
R Krishnan, M Ramesh, P Chalakkal
AIM: This was to study the prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) among school children residing in a fluorosis endemic area in Tamilnadu (Salem, India). METHODS: A target sample of 5000 children of age ranging between 9 and 14 years, comprising 250 children from each of 20 blocks of Salem, participated in this study. The examination was completed in their respective schools by a calibrated examiner using EAPD criteria. RESULTS: Of 4989 children examined, 384 children had MIH...
December 2015: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26296662/tamilnaduibacter-salinus-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-halotolerant-gammaproteobacterium-within-the-family-alteromonadaceae-isolated-from-a-salt-pan-in-tamilnadu-india
#16
Ashish Verma, Poonam Mual, Shanmugam Mayilraj, Srinivasan Krishnamurthi
Two novel Gram-stain-negative, slow-growing, halotolerant strains with rod-shaped cells, designated as strains Mi-7T and Mi-8, which formed pin-point colonies on halophilic media were isolated during a study into the microbial diversity of a salt pan in the state of Tamilnadu, India. Both the strains had an obligate requirement for 1 % (w/v) NaCl for growth and were halotolerant, growing at NaCl concentrations of up to 20 % (w/v) in media. The strains, however, showed an inability to utilize the majority of substrates tested as sole carbon sources for growth and in fermentation reactions...
October 2015: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26255268/influence-of-physicochemical-and-nutritional-factors-on-bacterial-diversity-in-mangrove-sediments-along-the-southwest-coast-of-tamilnadu-india
#17
S Prakash, R Ramasubburayan, P Iyapparaj, N K Ahila, V Sri Ramkumar, A Palavesam, G Immanuel, E Kannapiran
The present study was undertaken to investigate the diversity of mangrove-associated bacterial genera at Manakudy estuary, Southwest coast of India. The root and rhizosphere sediments of both mangrove and their associated plants were collected from chosen area. Results inferred that the maximum nutrients, THB density, and diversity indices were recorded in rhizosphere and root sample of Avicennia officinalis. Altogether, 258 bacterial strains were isolated from the chosen mangrove samples and screened for nitrogen fixing and phosphate solubilizing ability...
September 2015: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26177918/phytoremediation-potential-of-chromium-containing-tannery-effluent-contaminated-soil-by-native-indian-timber-yielding-tree-species
#18
Muthu Manikandan, Vijayaraghavan Kannan, Kanimozhi Mahalingam, A Vimala, Sechul Chun
Twenty-six native Indian tree species that are used for the enhanced tree cover program of the forest department (Government of Tamilnadu, India) were screened for phytoremediation of tannery effluent-contaminated soil containing high chromium content. Out of 26 tree species tested, 10 timber-yielding tree species were selected for further phytoremediation monitoring. After a series of treatments with tannery effluent sludge, the chromium content was measured in the plant parts. The saplings of Acacia auriculiformis, Azadirachta indica, Albizzia lebbeck, Dalbergia sisso, and Thespesia populnea were identified as efficient bioaccumulators of chromium from Cr-contaminated soil...
2016: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26165677/myths-and-misconceptions-about-medico-legal-autopsies-among-the-people-of-tamilnadu-india
#19
Mohan N Pawar, Deodatta M Suryawanshi, J Praveen Kumar
BACKGROUND: Medico-legal autopsies are conducted as a part of necessary investigation in all unnatural deaths. In India, the awareness about medico-legal autopsies among the population is still at incipient stage. The procedure is largely stigmatised due to various myths and misconceptions. Apprehension about the procedure brings about various emotional reactions of relatives. Hence the study was carried out to know those myths and misconceptions. OBJECTIVES: To find out the various myths and misconceptions about the medico-legal autopsies among the people...
August 2015: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26145833/purification-and-characterization-of-an-extracellular-uricase-from-a-new-isolate-of-sphingobacterium-thalpophilum-vitpcb5
#20
R Ravichandran, S Hemaasri, Swaranjit Singh Cameotra, N S Jayaprakash
An extracellular uricase producing bacterium (VITPCB5) was isolated from soil of the duck farm near Chidambaram, Tamilnadu, India and it was identified based on its 16S rRNA as Sphingobacterium thalpophilum. Uric acid was used as an effective inducer. The enzyme kinetics was studied using uric acid as a substrate. The Km and Vmax for the enzyme was found to be 0.28mM and 0.92μM/minml, respectively. Maximum uricase production was observed when lactose was used as a carbon source. Among the nitrogen sources tested, urea gave the maximum uricase production...
October 2015: Protein Expression and Purification
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