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B Subramaniyan, Roopa Nagarajan, R Vaidyanathan, B Rajashekhar, B W C Sathiyasekaran
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Comprehensive management for communication disorders in individuals with CLP was provided in a community based program in two rural districts in Tamilnadu, India. This program provides services at the community to empower the families about CLP and treatment options. OBJECTIVE: To document the caregiver perceptions' of communication status and needs in children with repaired CLP. METHOD: Six Focus Group Discussions were conducted in Thiruvannamalai and Cuddalore districts in Tamil Nadu, India...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
N Harikrishnan, A Chandrasekaran, R Ravisankar, R Alagarsamy
A rapid urbanization and industrialization enhances the significant heavy metal pollution in the sediments of coastal area and introduced a serious threat to the human health. In the present study, concentration of heavy metals such as Al, Ti, Fe, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Zn, La, Pb, Mg, Ca, Ni, Cd and Ba are determined in sediments along Periyakalapet to Parangaipettai coastal area, Tamilnadu using energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (EDXRF).These metals have more affinity to establish metallic bond with ferrous material leading to enhancement of sediment magnetic susceptibility...
May 2018: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Gomathi Elango, Rathika Govindasamy
The present work deals with collection, handling, utilization, and management of the waste flowers that are coming out of the temples in Coimbatore District, Tamilnadu, India. An attempt has been made to provide a current situation and complete analysis of temple waste flowers (TWFs) with suggestions and recommendations. As a part of Clean India, Clean and Green Kovai (Green Coimbatore) mission, this paper gives an idea to reduce the volume of temple waste flowers by converting into activated carbon by direct pyrolysis process and chemical activation with sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid process, respectively...
April 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
P Manimaran, C Dhinesh Kumar, D Saisadan, M Abirami, Nanda Kumar, Jeevitha Mani
Introduction: Edentulousness falls in a special category among the various conditions of dental origin. A simple estimation of the partial edentulous condition is a rough indication of the prevalence of dental diseases and success or failure of dental care. Methodology: In this study a cross sectional survey was carried out among 1000 patients of rural population in JKK Nataraja Dental College, Komarapalayam, Namakkal District, Tamilnadu, India. The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological features of partial edentulous condition in the age group of 30-60 years in a rural Population based on the Kennedy classification...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
R Ravisankar, N Harikrishnan, A Chandrasekaran, M Suresh Gandhi, R Alagarsamy
In this data, the heavy metal concentration and magnetic susceptibility in coastal sediment samples collected from Periyakalapet to Parangaipettai of East Coast of Tamilnadu using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) technique and dual frequency susceptibility meter. We aimed to (i) determine the heavy metal concentration in the sediments from Periyakalapet to Parangaipettai of East Coast of Tamilnadu (ii) assess the magnetic mineral property of sediments (iii) study the correlation between heavy metal and magnetic susceptibility...
February 2018: Data in Brief
Taru Bhattacharya, V Madhavi Shankar, B Ram Mohan Reddy, S Thangavel, P K Sharma
The aim of this study was to evaluate the concentrations of naturally occurring radioactive nuclides226 Ra,232 Th and40 K and corresponding dose rates over atomic mineral occurrences of Dharmapuri shear zone in parts of Salem, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, and Vellore districts of Tamilnadu, India. In this paper, area-wise ternary diagrams of Ra, Th and K were plotted to study their relative concentration in the samples. Correlation study was also carried out to delineate the contribution of individual radionuclides toward the measured gamma dose rate...
February 2018: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
A A Prince Milton, R K Agarwal, G B Priya, M Saminathan, M Aravind, A Reddy, C K Athira, Anjay, T P Ramees, K Dhama, A K Sharma, A Kumar
Campylobacteriosis is an important zoonotic disease and the prevalence of Campylobacter is largely unknown in the wildlife of India. A total of 370 samples, comprising of 314 fresh faecal samples from apparently healthy captive wild animals and birds, 30 stool swabs from animal care takers and 26 samples of the animals' food and water were collected from G. B. Pant High Altitude Zoo, Nainital, Kanpur Zoo, Wildlife Park, IVRI and the Post Graduate Research Institute in Animal Sciences (PGRIAS), Chennai, Tamilnadu from August 2014 to May 2015...
2017: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
Mukta Wyawahare, Revathy Neelamegam, Saranya Vilvanathan, R Soundravally, A K Das, C Adithan
BACKGROUND: Genetic polymorphisms of the angiotensin-renin pathway have been thought to influence the development of diabetic nephropathy. However, there are conflicting results regarding this association in previous studies on populations with varying ethnicity. AIMS: Primary aim was to compare the frequency of distribution of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene (insertion/deletion [I/D]) polymorphism in Tamilian Indian type 2 diabetic individuals with and without microalbuminuria...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Endocrinology and Diabetes
Sabapathy Periyasamy, Mohan Sathya, Chennakesavan Karthick, Mahesh Kandasamy, Sellathamby Shanmugaapriya, Jeyavelu Tamilselvan, Kesavan Swaminathan Jayachandran, Muthuswamy Anusuyadevi
 Epidemiological studies state that dementia has multiple etiologies including genetic mutation, genetic variation, and environmental factors. Accumulating evidence suggests that dysregulation of cholesterol homeostasis is the major etiological factor in initiating neurodegeneration. Apolipoprotein E (APOE) polymorphic alleles and associated polymorphism of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) that are important components in regulating cholesterol metabolism are implicated in neurodegenerative diseases...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Venugopal V, Amit Rathi, Nagarthna Raghuram
AIM: To study the effect of short term Yoga-based lifestyle intervention in the management of diabetes and pre-diabetes, through a 'pilot' community-based study. METHODS: A total of 1292 subjects with diagnosed type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes were recruited from different States of India viz., Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Tamilnadu participated in the study. Yoga-based lifestyle intervention was introduced through 10-day non-residential camps...
April 12, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
N Kannan, S Balaji, N V Anil Kumar
BACKGROUND: The traditional Indian medicine 'Siddha' uses metals, metalloids and minerals including toxic ones with no proven toxicity. Thalagak karuppu (TK) is remarkably stable over a century and used for treating Suram (Fever), Kaasam (Cough), Elai (Tuberculosis) and Eraippu Erumal (Bronchial Asthma). OBJECTIVE: The present study addresses elemental and morphological characterization of therapeutic Siddha formulation: Thalagak karuppu (TK). MATERIALS AND METHODS: TK was purchased from the Indian Medical Practitioners Co-operative Pharmacy and Stores (IMCOPS) Ltd, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India...
July 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Anamika Gupta, Kuldip Gupta, Geeta Devi Leishangthem, Mandeep Singh Bal, N K Sood, Amarjit Singh
The present communication is a part of study conducted on 32 cases of bovine lymphadenopathies. Out of which, six cases of bovine theileriosis were diagnosed on the basis of peripheral blood smear examination and gross lesions in lymph nodes and visceral organs. Nested PCR using two primer sets N516/N517 and 14136/294 was conducted on samples collected from affected lymph nodes confirms Theileria annulata infection in five out of six cases. Sequencing analysis of amplified product showed 92, 94 and 93 % homology of isolate TH1_Bovine, TH2_Bovine and THEN_Bovine for T...
March 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Sundaram Selvam, Narayanasamy Murugesan, Chamukuttan Snehalatha, Arun Nanditha, Arun Raghavan, Mary Simon, Priscilla Susairaj, Ambady Ramachandran
AIMS: The aims were to assess effect of a short training programme on non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly diabetes on school teachers and also on students who were in turn educated by them. Lifestyle changes made by both groups were assessed 6months later. METHODS: Graduate teachers (n=1017) from 2 districts in Tamilnadu, India were trained using audio visual aids in batches of 100, on healthy lifestyle practices, prevention and management of diabetes...
March 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Sasank Kalipatnapu, Sivaraman Kuppuswamy, Giriprasad Venugopal, Venkatesh Kaliaperumal, Balamurugan Ramadass
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Iron deficiency is associated with stunting and poor performance in children. Oral iron supplementation is widely promoted to correct iron deficiency. However, excess iron may be toxic to beneficial luminal gut bacteria and could support growth of pathobionts. The aim of this study is to analyze the fecal total iron concentration and fecal Lactobacillus levels in a cohort of stunted and normal children. METHODS: The study was undertaken in two different locations...
August 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
A Chandrasekaran, A Naseerutheen, R Ravisankar
The dataset contains concentration of major and trace elements of ancient potteries from Tamilnadu and grouping different potteries from the statistical techniques of factor and cluster analysis (Figs. 2, 3 and 4). The major and trace elemental concentration data generated using energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence technique (EDXRF) and factor and cluster analysis data obtained using STATISTICA (10.0 version) software. The concentration of major and trace elements determines the type of clay minerals (Calcareous/Non-Calcareous and either low or high refractory) and firing atmosphere adopted by the artisans at the time of manufacture...
February 2017: Data in Brief
J Chandramohan, G Senthilkumar, M Suresh Gandhi, R Ravisankar
This article contains the chemical and geographical data and figures for the chemical data in sediments of East Coast (Pattipulam to Dhevanampattinam) of Tamilnadu. The obtained data are related to the research article "Heavy Metal Assessment in Sediment Samples Collected From Pattipulam to Dhevanampattinam along the East Coast of Tamil Nadu Using EDXRF Technique" (Chandramohan et al., 2016) [1]. Chemical data are collected from Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (EDXRF). Furthermore, the obtained chemical data describes it in more detail in the figures...
December 2016: Data in Brief
S Manimaran, S Jayakumar, K Bhagya Lakshmi
Education Management Information System (EMIS) is a widely acceptable and developing technology within the Information Technology field. The advancement in technology in this century is being collaborated with scientific invention or explorer and information strengthening or development. This paper presents the results and experiences gained from applying students oriented EMIS for monitoring and managing mental health. The Mental Health of students depends on the acquiring adequate knowledge on basic concepts within a time period or academic schedule...
November 14, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Karikalacholan Sivasankari, Santhanam Shanmughapriya, Kalimuthusamy Natarajaseenivasan
Humans are known to excrete leptospires in their urine after recovery from illness and there are reports showing development of asymptomatic leptospiruria in settings of high disease transmission. In this regard, we sought to evaluate the asymptomatic renal carriage status of humans in the highly endemic region of Tiruchirapalli district, Tamilnadu, India. A total of 245 asymptomatic participants were included. Urine and blood samples were collected and the extent of leptospiral infection was characterized by MAT, qPCR, 16S rRNA, and dot blot assay...
June 2016: Pathogens and Global Health
Narayanan Biju, Ganesan Sathiyaraj, Mithun Raj, Venu Shanmugam, Babu Baskaran, Umamaheswari Govindan, Gayathri Kumaresan, Karthick Kannan Kasthuriraju, Thampi Sam Raj Yohannan Chellamma
Hepatopancreatic microsporidiosis in cultivated Litopenaeus vannamei and Penaeus monodon is caused by the newly emerged pathogen Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP). It has been detected in shrimp cultured in China, Vietnam and Thailand and is suspected to have occurred in Malaysia and Indonesia and to be associated with severely retarded growth. Due to retarded shrimp growth being reported at farms in the major grow-out states of Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha in India, shrimp were sampled from a total of 235 affected ponds between March 2014 and April 2015 to identify the presence of EHP...
August 9, 2016: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
R Udhayakumar, P Manivannan, K Raghu, S Vaideki
Water is an important component to human life. The major aims of the present work are to assess the quality of the ground water and its impact in Villupuram District of Tamilnadu. The present study focus to bring an awareness among the people about the quality of ground water by taking water samples from various locations for Physico - Chemical analysis of the ground water. This analysis result was compared with the WHO, ICMR, USPH and European standards of drinking water quality parameters with the following water quality parameters namely pH, Electrical conductivity, Cl, , Na, K, Ca , Mg, Total dissolved solids, Total hardness, Dissolved oxygen, Fluoride etc...
December 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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