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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166763/an-extremely-rare-cause-of-back-and-hip-pain-due-to-the-metastasis-of-late-recurrent-myxopapillary-ependymoma-to-the-inguinal-lymph-node
#1
Suheyla Ekemen, Ozlem Yapicier, Hatice Deniz Boler, Umit Ince
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166758/clinical-significance-of-anti-dense-fine-speckled-70-antibody-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#2
Jisoo Jeong, Dong Hyun Kim, Gun Park, Suyeon Park, Hyun-Sook Kim
Background/Aims: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common rheumatologic disease characterized by chronic widespread pain, along with various clinical manifestations including atypical autoimmune characteristics. Despite its high prevalence, there remain no approved laboratory tests to identify specific manifestations of FM, or to rule out FM from other rheumatic diseases. Anti-dense fine speckled 70 (anti-DFS70) antibodies were initially identified as a form of anti-nuclear antibodies in a patient with interstitial cystitis...
November 24, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166732/-application-of-pegylated-recombinant-human-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-to-prevent-chemotherapy-induced-neutropenia-in-patients-with-lymphoma-a-prospective-multicenter-open-label-clinical-trial
#3
H Q Huang, B Bai, Y H Gao, D H Zou, S H Zou, H Tan, Y P Song, Z Y Li, J Jin, W Li, H Su, Y P Gong, M Z Zhong, Y R Shuang, J Zhu, J Q Zhang, Z Cai, Q L Teng, W J Sun, Y Yang, Z J Xia, H L Chen, L M Hua, Y Y Bao, N Wu
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) in prophylaxis neutropenia after chemotherapy in patients with lymphoma. Methods: This was a multicenter, single arm, open, phase Ⅳ clinical trial. Included 410 patients with lymphoma received multiple cycles of chemotherapy and PEG-rhG-CSF was administrated as prophylactic. The primary endpoint was the incidence of Ⅲ/Ⅳ grade neutropenia and febrile neutropenia (FN) after each chemotherapy cycle...
October 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166692/-neurological-or-interdisciplinary-outpatient-pain-treatment-comparison-of-treatment-success-and-satisfaction
#4
Fabiola Escolano-Lozano, Markus Breimhorst, Gilda Soltani, Rainer Schwab, Violeta Dimova, Frank Birklein, Tanja Schlereth
The aim of this study was to compare the satisfaction and success of treatment for pain patients who were interdisciplinary (anaesthesiological, psychosomatic, neurological, orthopedic) treated or underwent neurological care alone. Methods We selected 183 patients who were treated in our neurological clinic and in our interdisciplinary pain management center (IST). Of these, 142 patients having polyneuropathy, headache or muskuloskelettal pain were included in the final analysis. 39 patients (27.5 %) were treated in the IST and 103 patients were treated exclusively by a neurologist...
November 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166688/-perioperative-management-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#5
Robert Hube, Hermann O Mayr, Philipp von Roth, Michael Najfeld, Kathi Thiele
The themes of this paper are the clinical relevance and technique of perioperative management in total knee arthroplasty. Due to the number of unsatisfied patients after knee arthroplasty, optimisation of processes seems to be necessary. Beside patient preparation and rehabilitation, the surgical technique and implant choice in perioperative management are important. This means the use of tourniquet and drains, the application of tranexamic acid and pain management. These items are presented and discussed in detail in this paper...
November 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166685/-evaluation-of-inpatient-conservative-management-of-acute-subacute-and-chronic-back-pain
#6
Ingo Haase, Kilian Haase, Bernd Kladny
Background Backache is very common in the German population. It is a common reason for people to seek medical advice and specific back pain programs have been developed. The intention of this study is to evaluate the short and long term effects of conservative management of back pain in a German general hospital. Outcomes of interest were pain intensity, interference in daily functions, physical functioning and health related quality of life. Patients and Methods We examined 1010 patients with acute, subacute and chronic back pain, admitted to inpatient nonsurgical interventional therapy in a German hospital between July 2013 and July 2015...
November 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166664/is-there-a-reasonable-excuse-for-not-providing-post-operative-analgesia-when-using-animal-models-of-peripheral-neuropathic-pain-for-research-purposes
#7
Sara Hestehave, Gordon Munro, Rie Christensen, Tina Brønnum Pedersen, Lars Arvastson, Philip Hougaard, Klas S P Abelson
INTRODUCTION: The induction of neuropathic pain-like behaviors in rodents often requires surgical intervention. This engages acute nociceptive signaling events that contribute to pain and stress post-operatively that from a welfare perspective demands peri-operative analgesic treatment. However, a large number of researchers avoid providing such care based largely on anecdotal opinions that it might interfere with model pathophysiology in the longer term. OBJECTIVES: To investigate effects of various peri-operative analgesic regimens encapsulating different mechanisms and duration of action, on the development of post-operative stress/welfare and pain-like behaviors in the Spared Nerve Injury (SNI)-model of neuropathic pain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166575/chemical-characterization-and-pharmacological-assessment-of-cashew-gum-extract-anacardium-occidentale-l-polysaccharide-free
#8
Daiany Priscilla Bueno da Silva, Iziara Ferreira Florentino, Lorrane Kelle da Silva Moreira, Adriane Ferreira Brito, Verônica Vale Carvalho, Géssica Adriana Vasconcelos, Boniek Gontijo Vaz, Marcus Antônio Pereira-Junior, Kátia Flávia Fernandes, Elson Alves Costa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The cashew gum (Anacardium occidentale L.) is used in Brazilian traditional medicine in the treatment of inflammatory conditions, asthma, diabetes, and gastrointestinal disturbs. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was aimed the chemical characterization and the investigation of the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of cashew gum aqueous extract without the presence of polysaccharides in its composition (CGE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CGE was obtained after precipitation and removal of polysaccharides using acetone...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166574/altered-tnf-%C3%AE-response-by-aconibal-%C3%A2-and-methotrexate-in-a-lipopolysaccharide-induced-setting-of-inflammatory-conditions-potential-on-a-synergistic-combination
#9
Gunhyuk Park, Seoung Hoon Lee, Ji-Ye Han, Dal-Seok Oh
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aconitum carmichaelii (AC) is a common herbal medicine used as anti-inflammatory and analgesic agent in Eastern Asia. In Korea, a commercial processed AC (Aconibal(®)) is traditionally used to treat the symptoms of spondylosis deformans and rheumatic pain. AIM OF STUDY: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is systemic and auto-immune disease characterized by chronic inflammation. Methotrexate (MTX) is often the first-line therapy for RA. If MTX monotherapy is ineffective or RA is initially severe, adding a tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitor to the treatment can be beneficial...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166502/outcomes-of-long-term-treatments-of-type-i-hereditary-angioedema-in-a-turkish-family
#10
Gulsen Akoglu, Belgin Kesim, Gokhan Yildiz, Ahmet Metin
BACKGROUND: Hereditary angioedema is a rare autosomal dominantly inherited immunodeficiency disorder characterized by potentially life-threatening angioedema attacks. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the clinical and genetic features of a family with angioedema attacks. METHODS: The medical history, clinical features and C1-INH gene mutation of a Turkish family were investigated and outcomes of long-term treatments were described. RESULTS: Five members had experienced recurrent swellings on the face and extremities triggered by trauma...
September 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166496/recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-in-18-year-old-adolescents-prevalence-and-associated-factors-a-population-based-study
#11
Paulo Ricardo Martins de Souza, Rodrigo Pereira Duquia, Juliano de Avelar Breunig, Hiram Larangeira de Almeida
BACKGROUND: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is a painful disorder of unknown etiology. It is among the most common oral mucosal lesions with high prevalence among young adults. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a population-based study with 18-year-old army recruiters to assess its prevalence and associated factors in male adolescents. METHODS: Interview during clinical examination in the army. RESULTS: In this group (2,427 interviewed adolescents) there was a RAS prevalence of 24...
September 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166447/prevalence-and-clinical-profile-of-chronic-pain-and-its-association-with-mental-disorders
#12
Flávia Garcia Pereira, Mariane Henriques França, Maria Cristina Alochio de Paiva, Laura Helena Andrade, Maria Carmen Viana
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of 12-month self-reported pain and chronic pain in a general population and to describe their clinical profile to assess if chronic pain is associated with 12-month mental disorders. METHODS: The data used comes from the São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey, a population-based study assessing adult (≥ 18 years) residents of the São Paulo metropolitan area, Brazil. We have assessed the respondents (n = 5,037) using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 3...
November 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166400/chronic-post-traumatic-intramedullary-lesions-in-dogs-a-translational-model
#13
Neringa Alisauskaite, Ingo Spitzbarth, Wolfgang Baumgärtner, Peter Dziallas, Sabine Kramer, Ricarda Dening, Veronika Maria Stein, Andrea Tipold
OBJECTIVES: Post-traumatic intramedullary myelopathies and cavitations are well described lesions following spinal cord injury (SCI) in humans and have been described in histopathological evaluations in dogs. Human intramedullary myelopathies/cavitations are associated with severe initial SCI and deterioration of clinical signs. Canine intervertebral disc extrusions share similarities with SCI in humans. In this descriptive study, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in spinal cords of dogs suffering from chronic post-traumatic myelopathies, including cavitations, are elucidated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166365/cdc-grand-rounds-improving-the-lives-of-persons-with-sickle-cell-disease
#14
Mary Hulihan, Kathryn L Hassell, Jean L Raphael, Kim Smith-Whitley, Phoebe Thorpe
Approximately 100,000 Americans have sickle cell disease (SCD), a group of recessively inherited red blood cell disorders characterized by abnormal hemoglobin, called hemoglobin S or sickle hemoglobin, in the red blood cells. Persons with hemoglobin SS or hemoglobin Sß(0) thalassemia, also known as sickle cell anemia (SCA), have the most severe form of SCD. Hemoglobin SC disease and hemoglobin Sß(+) thalassemia are other common forms of SCD. Red blood cells that contain sickle hemoglobin are inflexible and can stick to vessel walls, causing a blockage that slows or stops blood flow...
November 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166359/incisional-hernia-after-midline-versus-transverse-specimen-extraction-incision-a-randomized-trial-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-colectomy
#15
Lawrence Lee, Juan Mata, Raoul A Droeser, Pepa Kaneva, Sender Liberman, Patrick Charlebois, Barry Stein, Gerald M Fried, Liane S Feldman
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of incisional hernia (IH) between midline and transverse specimen extraction site in patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy. BACKGROUND: Midline specimen extraction incision is most commonly used in laparoscopic colectomy, but has high IH risk. IH may be lower for transverse incision. METHODS: A single-center superiority trial was conducted. Eligible patients undergoing laparoscopic colectomy were randomly assigned to midline or transverse specimen extraction...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166348/the-economics-of-prepectoral-breast-reconstruction
#16
Scot Bradley Glasberg
The world of breast reconstruction over the last several years has seen a dramatic shift in focus to discussion and the application of placing tissue expanders and implants back into the prepectoral space. Although this technique failed during the early advent of breast reconstruction, newer technologies such as advances in fat grafting, improved acellular dermal matrices, better methods of assessing breast flap viability, and enhanced implants appear to have set the stage for the resurgence and positive early results seen with this technique...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166347/prepectoral-breast-reconstruction-the-breast-surgeon-s-perspective
#17
Toni Storm-Dickerson, Noemi Sigalove
Prepectoral breast reconstruction has been reemerging as a technique for postmastectomy implant-based reconstruction. Due to its advantage in eliminating animation deformity, shortening length of hospital stay and decreasing the amount of narcotics used for pain control, the technique has been embraced by patients and surgeons alike. The authors examined the breast surgeon's perspective regarding prepectoral reconstruction taking into consideration oncologic criteria, breast cancer recurrence, surgical technique, and the team approach to patient care...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166342/important-considerations-for-performing-prepectoral-breast-reconstruction
#18
Hani Sbitany
Prepectoral breast reconstruction has emerged as an excellent technique for postmastectomy reconstruction, as it allows for full preservation of a patient's pectoralis major muscle and chest wall function. This reduces pain, eliminates animation deformity, and results in high patient satisfaction. Safely performed prepectoral breast reconstruction requires a careful patient selection process before committing to the procedure, taking into account comorbidities, radiation status, and oncologic criteria such as tumor location and breast cancer stage...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166329/pseudolesions-impersonating-osseous-tumor-involvement-on-both-contrast-enhanced-ct-and-fdg-pet-ct
#19
Jessica K Peterson, Rustain L Morgan, Joseph S Donald, Mark A Perry
A 27-year-old man with stage IV-B Hodgkin's lymphoma status post autologous peripheral stem cell transplant in 2015 with complete response, presented in 2017 with increasing back pain. Restaging contrast enhanced CT demonstrated left brachiocephalic vein occlusion with peripheral nodular high density areas within C7-T2 vertebral bodies with corresponding radiotracer uptake on same day PET/CT. No matching lesion was seen on noncontrast CT. Findings were consistent with pooling of contrast and radiotracer within vertebral venous plexus collaterals at the cervicothoracic junction secondary to brachiocephalic vein occlusion...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166313/the-perineal-turnover-perforator-flap-a-new-and-simple-technique-for-perineal-reconstruction-after-extralevator-abdominoperineal-excision
#20
Maria Chasapi, Mohamed Maher, Peter Mitchell, Milind Dalal
BACKGROUND: Extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) is increasingly used to treat locally advanced low rectal cancer as it has been related to superior oncological outcomes than traditional abdominoperineal excision.However, ELAPE also has been associated with high perineal wound morbidity rates as it creates a larger perineal cavity than standard abdominoperineal excision. This greater defect, along with the effects of preoperative chemoradiation on wound healing, makes uneventful perineal reconstruction post-ELAPE a real challenge for the plastic surgeon...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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