keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Australian hospital

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102924/current-practices-related-to-family-presence-during-acute-deterioration-in-adult-emergency-department-patients
#1
Megan J Youngson, Judy Currey, Julie Considine
AIMS: To explore the characteristics and interactions of clinicians, patients and family members during management of the deteriorating adult patient in the Emergency Department. BACKGROUND: Previous research into family presence during resuscitation has identified many positive outcomes when families are included. However, over that last three decades the epidemiology of acute clinical deterioration has changed, with a decrease in in-hospital cardiac arrests and an increase in acute clinical deterioration...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102889/a-population-based-study-examining-injury-in-older-adults-with-and-without-dementia
#2
Lynn B Meuleners, Michelle B Hobday
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of and risk factors for injuries in older adults with and without dementia. DESIGN: Retrospective, population-based cohort study. SETTING: Western Australian Data Linkage System (WADLS). PARTICIPANTS: Cases included 29,671 (47.9%) older adults aged 50 and older with an index hospital admission for dementia between 2001 and 2011. Comparison participants without dementia included a random sample of 32,277 (52...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100563/effect-of-socioeconomic-disadvantage-remoteness-and-indigenous-status-on-hospital-usage-for-western-australian-preterm-infants-under-12%C3%A2-months-of-age-a-population-based-data-linkage-study
#3
Natalie A Strobel, Sue Peter, Kimberley E McAuley, Daniel R McAullay, Rhonda Marriott, Karen M Edmond
OBJECTIVES: Our primary objective was to determine the incidence of hospital admission and emergency department presentation in Indigenous and non-Indigenous preterm infants aged postdischarge from birth admission to 11 months in Western Australia. Secondary objectives were to assess incidence in the poorest infants from remote areas and to determine the primary causes of hospital usage in preterm infants. DESIGN: Prospective population-based linked data set. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: All preterm babies born in Western Australia during 2010 and 2011...
January 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100229/surveillance-of-life-long-antibiotics-a-review-of-antibiotic-prescribing-practices-in-an-australian-healthcare-network
#4
Jillian S Y Lau, Christopher Kiss, Erika Roberts, Kylie Horne, Tony M Korman, Ian Woolley
BACKGROUND: The rise of antimicrobial use in the twentieth century has significantly reduced morbidity due to infection, however it has also brought with it the rise of increasing resistance. Some patients are on prolonged, if not "life-long" course of antibiotics. The reasons for this are varied, and include non-infectious indications. We aimed to study the characteristics of this potential source of antibiotic resistance, by exploring the antibiotic dispensing practices and describing the population of patients on long-term antibiotic therapy...
January 18, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095841/outcome-following-valve-surgery-in-australia-development-of-an-enhanced-database-module
#5
E Anne Russell, Christopher M Reid, Warren F Walsh, Alex Brown, Graeme P Maguire
BACKGROUND: Valvular heart disease, including rheumatic heart disease (RHD), is an important cause of heart disease globally. Management of advanced disease can include surgery and other interventions to repair or replace affected valves. This article summarises the methodology of a study that will incorporate enhanced data collection systems to provide additional insights into treatment choice and outcome for advanced valvular disease including that due to RHD. METHODS: An enhanced data collection system will be developed linking an existing Australian cardiac surgery registry to more detailed baseline co-morbidity, medication, echocardiographic and hospital separation data to identify predictors of morbidity and mortality outcome following valve surgery...
January 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093867/paramedic-resuscitation-competency-a-survey-of-australian-and-new-zealand-emergency-medical-services
#6
Kylie Dyson, Janet E Bray, Karen Smith, Stephen Bernard, Lahn Straney, Judith Finn
OBJECTIVE: We have previously established that paramedic exposure to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is relatively rare, therefore clinical exposure cannot be relied on to maintain resuscitation competency. We aimed to identify the current practices within emergency medical services (EMS) for developing and maintaining paramedic resuscitation competency. METHODS: We developed and conducted an online cross-sectional survey of Australian and New Zealand EMS in 2015...
January 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089675/burden-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-associated-hospitalization-in-a-cohort-of-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#7
Yingxi Chen, Kathryn Glass, Bette Liu, Rosemary J Korda, Thomas V Riley, Martyn D Kirk
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is the principal cause of infectious diarrhea in hospitalized patients. The aim of this study was to describe and compare length of stay (LOS), costs, and in-hospital deaths for C difficile infection (CDI) and non-CDI hospitalizations, in a cohort of middle-aged and older Australians. METHODS: We used survey data from the 45 and Up Study, linked to hospitalization and death data. We calculated the average LOS and costs per hospitalization, and the proportion of in-hospital deaths for CDI and non-CDI hospitalizations...
January 13, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087205/elevated-fasting-glucose-and-albuminuria-may-be-a-marker-for-all-cause-mortality-in-indigenous-adults-in-north-queensland-a-follow-up-study-1998-2006
#8
Ming Li, Robyn McDermott
AIMS: To document risk factors of all-cause mortality in a cohort of indigenous Australians from 23 communities of North Queensland during 1998-2006. METHODS: Among 2787 indigenous adults, baseline weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting glucose, lipids, gamma-glutamyl transferase, urine albumin creatinine ratio, smoking, alcohol intake and physical activity were measured in 1998-2000. Deaths were ascertained from State Registry of Deaths, hospitalization and clinical records till 2006...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086869/evaluation-of-an-aged-care-nurse-practitioner-service-quality-of-care-within-a-residential-aged-care-facility-hospital-avoidance-service
#9
Trudy Dwyer, Alison Craswell, Dolene Rossi, Darren Holzberger
BACKGROUND: Reducing avoidable hospitialisation of aged care facility (ACF) residents can improve the resident experience and their health outcomes. Consequently many variations of hospital avoidance (HA) programs continue to evolve. Nurse practitioners (NP) with expertise in aged care have the potential to make a unique contribution to hospital avoidance programs. However, little attention has been dedicated to service evaluation of this model and the quality of care provided. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of an aged care NP model of care situated within a HA service in a regional area of Australia...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078479/follow-up-cancer-care-perspectives-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-cancer-survivors
#10
J A Meiklejohn, G Garvey, R Bailie, E Walpole, J Adams, D Williamson, J Martin, C M Bernardes, B Arley, B Marcusson, P C Valery
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore Indigenous Australian cancer survivors' perspectives of follow-up cancer care and management.. METHODS: This is a qualitative study employing individual interviews with 21 Indigenous cancer survivors (13 females, 8 males) recruited from a rural primary health service and large tertiary hospital in Brisbane, Queensland. Yarning methods were used to conduct semi-structured interviews. Yarning is a culturally appropriate, informal conversational process emphasising the importance of storytelling...
January 12, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076828/perinatal-risk-factors-for-low-and-moderate-five-minute-apgar-scores-at-term
#11
Shimona Lai, Christopher Flatley, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the specific maternal and perinatal variables associated with a low (≤3) or moderate (4-6) Apgar score, compared to a high (≥7) score. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective, cohort study of 58429 term singleton babies born at the Mater Mother's Hospital in Brisbane, Australia in 2007-2013. Maternal demographics, socio-economic status using the Australian Socioeconomic Index for Areas (SEIFA) score, obstetric factors, and birth outcomes were compared for neonates grouped into three categories based on their five-minute Apgar: low (≤3), moderate (4-6) and high (≥7)...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074595/providing-opportunistic-immunisations-for-at-risk-inpatients-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-hospital
#12
Sonja Elia, Kirsten Perrett, Fiona Newall
Attaining high immunisation coverage rates for children with medical conditions is vital. The Royal Children's Hospital (RCH) Immunisation Service has the opportunity to check each inpatient's immunisation status and provide opportunistic vaccines and/or bring the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register (ACIR) up-to-date. This paper highlights that during admission, one quarter of children were not up-to-date with routine scheduled immunisations and 42% of those inpatients due or overdue for immunisation were vaccinated...
January 11, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072939/evaluating-team-based-inter-professional-advanced-life-support-training-in-intensive-care-a-prospective-observational-study
#13
D J Brewster, J A Barrett, E Gherardin, J A O'Neill, D Sage, G Hanlon
Recent focus on national standards within Australian hospitals has prompted a focus on the training of our staff in advanced life support (ALS). Research in critical care nursing has questioned the traditional annual certification of ALS competence as the best method of delivering this training. Simulation and team-based training may provide better ALS education to intensive care unit (ICU) staff. Our new inter-professional team-based advanced life support program involved ICU staff in a large private metropolitan ICU...
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072934/aetiology-of-preoperative-anaemia-in-patients-undergoing-elective-cardiac-surgery-the-challenge-of-pillar-one-of-patient-blood-management
#14
J Abraham, R Sinha, K Robinson, V Scotland, D Cardone
Preoperative anaemia is common in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Whilst there is a strong association with increased morbidity and mortality, it is currently unclear whether treatment of anaemia leads to patient benefit. This retrospective study aimed to determine the aetiology of preoperative anaemia in a cohort of patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery over two years at a tertiary hospital. Laboratory data obtained at the preoperative assessment clinic visit were assessed to stratify patients into four groups-iron deficiency anaemia (IDA), possible IDA, anaemia of chronic disease (ACD) and non-anaemic patients with low ferritin according to the 'Preoperative haemoglobin assessment and optimisation template' of the Australian Patient Blood Management (PBM) Guidelines...
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070962/transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-indications-complications-survival-and-its-use-as-a-bridging-therapy-to-liver-transplant-in-western-australia
#15
Puraskar Pateria, Gary P Jeffrey, George Garas, Jonathan Tibballs, John Ferguson, Luc Delriviere, Yi Huang, Leon A Adams, Gerry MacQuillan
INTRODUCTION: Insertion of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is an established therapeutic option to treat the complications of portal hypertension. The purpose of this study is to review the experience of a single Australian institute with TIPS and evaluation of result to emphasize the indication, aetiology of portal hypertension, prognostic factors, complications and survival. Use of TIPS as a bridge to liver transplantation was also analysed. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study of patients treated with TIPS at The Western Australian Liver Transplant Unit, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, over a period of 12 years...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063815/effect-of-immediate-initiation-of-antiretroviral-therapy-on-risk-of-severe-bacterial-infections-in-hiv-positive-people-with-cd4-cell-counts-of-more-than-500-cells-per-%C3%AE-l-secondary-outcome-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Jemma O'Connor, Michael J Vjecha, Andrew N Phillips, Brian Angus, David Cooper, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Gustavo Lopardo, Satyajit Das, Robin Wood, Aimee Wilkin, Hartwig Klinker, Pacharee Kantipong, Karin L Klingman, David Jilich, Elbushra Herieka, Eileen Denning, Ibrahim Abubakar, Fred Gordin, Jens D Lundgren
BACKGROUND: The effects of antiretroviral therapy on risk of severe bacterial infections in people with high CD4 cell counts have not been well described. In this study, we aimed to quantify the effects of immediate versus deferred ART on the risk of severe bacterial infection in people with high CD4 cell counts in a preplanned analysis of the START trial. METHODS: The START trial was a randomised controlled trial in ART-naive HIV-positive patients with CD4 cell count of more than 500 cells per μL assigned to immediate ART or deferral until their CD4 cell counts were lower than 350 cells per μL...
January 4, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061873/prophylactic-melatonin-for-delirium-in-intensive-care-pro-medic-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
F Eduardo Martinez, Matthew Anstey, Andrew Ford, Brigit Roberts, Miranda Hardie, Robert Palmer, Lynn Choo, David Hillman, Michael Hensley, Erin Kelty, Kevin Murray, Bhajan Singh, Bradley Wibrow
BACKGROUND: Delirium is an acute state of brain dysfunction characterised by fluctuating inattention and cognitive disturbances, usually due to illness. It occurs commonly in the intensive care unit (ICU), and it is associated with greater morbidity and mortality. It is likely that disturbances of sleep and of the day-night cycle play a significant role. Melatonin is a naturally occurring, safe and cheap hormone that can be administered to improve sleep. The main aim of this trial will be to determine whether prophylactic melatonin administered to critically ill adults, when compared with placebo, decreases the rate of delirium...
January 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059689/an-integrated-health-neighbourhood-framework-to-optimise-the-use-of-ehr-data
#18
Siaw-Teng Liaw, Simon De Lusignan
 General practice should become the hub of integrated health neighbourhoods (IHNs), which involves sharing of information to ensure that medical homes are also part of learning organisations that use electronic health record (EHR) data for care, decision making, teaching and learning, quality improvement and research. The IHN is defined as the primary and ambulatory care services in a locality that relates largely to a single hospital-based secondary care service provider and is the logical denominator and unit of comparison for the optimal use of EHR data and health information exchange (HIE) to facilitate integration and coordination of care...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056999/aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-australian-former-prisoners-patterns-of-morbidity-and-risk-of-hospitalisation
#19
Jane E Lloyd, Elizabeth McEntyre, Eileen Baldry, Julian Trofimovos, Devon Indig, Penelope Abbott, Jennifer Reath, Kathy Malera-Bandjalan, Mark F Harris
BACKGROUND: People who have been in custody are more likely to experience multiple, long standing health issues. They are at high risk of illness and injury post release and experience poor access to health services both of which contribute to high rates of recidivism. The study was conducted to examine Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal former prisoners' risk of hospitalisation and rehospitalisation in the five years post release from custody and identified the common reasons for hospitalisations...
January 5, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056853/maternal-asian-ethnicity-and-obstetric-intrapartum-intervention-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Maya Reddy, Euan M Wallace, Joanne C Mockler, Lynne Stewart, Michelle Knight, Ryan Hodges, Sasha Skinner, Miranda Davies-Tuck
BACKGROUND: Maternal ethnicity is a recognized risk factor for stillbirth, such that South Asian women have higher rates than their Caucasian counterparts. However, whether maternal ethnicity is a risk factor for intrapartum outcomes is less clear. The aim of this study is to explore associations between maternal country of birth, operative vaginal delivery and emergency cesarean section, and to identify possible mechanisms underlying any such associations. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of singleton term births among South Asian, South East/East Asian and Australian/New Zealand born women at an Australian tertiary hospital in 2009-2013...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
keyword
keyword
33847
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"