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Australian Nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932255/determinants-of-breastfeeding-initiation-among-mothers-in-sydney-australia-findings-from-a-birth-cohort-study
#1
Amit Arora, Narendar Manohar, Andrew Hayen, Sameer Bhole, John Eastwood, Steven Levy, Jane Anne Scott
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding has short-term and long-term benefits for both the infant and the mother. The objective of this study was to identify the incidence of breastfeeding initiation among women in South Western Sydney, and the factors associated with the initiation of breastfeeding. METHODS: Child and Family Health Nurses recruited mother-infant dyads (n = 1035) to the Healthy Smiles Healthy Kids birth study in South Western Sydney, an ethnically and socio-economically diverse area, at the first post-natal home visit...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912667/how-do-nurse-consultant-job-characteristics-impact-on-job-satisfaction-an-australian-quantitative-study
#2
Michelle Giles, Vicki Parker, Rebecca Mitchell, Jane Conway
BACKGROUND: There is a direct link between job satisfaction, nurses' job performance and improved patient outcomes. Understanding what job characteristics influence job satisfaction is vital if health organizations are to optimize individual employee satisfaction and performance. This is particularly necessary in the Nurse Consultant role, which is a multifaceted role that has evolved to meet the dynamic and changing needs of health services. This study aims to examine how job characteristics influence Nurse Consultant job satisfaction and identify differences across metropolitan and rural contexts...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901705/peer-assisted-learning-and-small-group-teaching-to-improve-practice-placement-quality-and-capacity-in-dietetics
#3
Dianne P Reidlinger, Judy Lawrence, Jane E Thomas, Kevin Whelan
AIM: Peer-assisted learning (PAL) has been positively evaluated during practice placements for medical, nursing and some allied health professional students. The aim of this study was to evaluate a PAL and small-group teaching model of dietetic practice placement education implemented in the UK setting as part of a quality improvement process. METHODS: A PAL placement model was adapted from a previously published Australian model, implemented and evaluated among dietetic students at King's College London and with their practice educators...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901048/administration-of-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-in-patients-undergoing-haemodialysis-a-time-and-motion-study
#4
David W Johnson, Bruce Cleland, Josette Eris, Tom Rafferty, Kamal Sud, Josephine S Chow
BACKGROUND: International guidelines recommend treatment of anaemia due to chronic kidney disease (CKD) with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs). OBJECTIVE: To document the time required and the cost in terms of nursing time to prepare and administer ESAs to patients on facility based haemodialysis (HD) with anaemia due to CKD before and after the introduction of long-acting ESAs. DESIGN: A time and motion study was implemented at four HD units in Australia to determine the time and costs associated with preparing and administering ESAs before and after the introduction of long-acting ESAs...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898728/nursing-students-collaborating-to-develop-multiple-choice-exam-revision-questions-a-student-engagement-study
#5
Judy A Craft, Martin Christensen, Natasha Shaw, Shannon Bakon
BACKGROUND: Nursing students find bioscience subjects challenging. Bioscience exams pose particular concerns for these students, which may lead to students adopting a surface-approach to learning. OBJECTIVES: To promote student collective understanding of bioscience, improve their confidence for the final exam, and improve deeper understanding of bioscience. DESIGN: In order to address exam anxiety, and improve student understanding of content, this student engagement project involved nursing students collaborating in small groups to develop multiple-choice questions and answers, which became available to the entire student cohort...
September 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890924/measuring-attitudes-towards-interprofessional-learning-testing-two-german-versions-of-the-tool-readiness-for-interprofessional-learning-scale-on-interprofessional-students-of-health-and-nursing-sciences-and-of-human-medicine
#6
Christiane Luderer, Matthias Donat, Ute Baum, Angelika Kirsten, Patrick Jahn, Dietrich Stoevesandt
Objective: In order to verify the methodological quality of two versions of a tool for measuring attitudes towards interprofessional learning, we adapted - in terms of translation and scale form - the Heidelberg Version [1] of Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale - RIPLS [2], a methodologically controversial tool that had been translated into German, and compared both the original and new versions. Method: Three items were reworded and the scale form altered (from five to four levels), leading to the Halle Version that was validated by means of a cognitive pretest (n=6)...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858768/making-the-most-of-person-centred-education-by-integrating-flipped-and-simulated-teaching-an-exploratory-study
#7
Annette Saunders, Rosy Green, Merylin Cross
Preparing a person-centred nursing workforce to work in diverse settings is a global health priority. Nursing students' first placement experience is a key transitional moment that shapes professional understanding and motivation to become a nurse. This paper reports the outcomes of combining flipped and simulated learning to enhance nursing students' understanding of person-centred care, the professional nursing role and preparation for placement. The study design was exploratory, the setting, an undergraduate nursing program in an Australian University...
August 19, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852873/barriers-and-enablers-to-implementing-scalp-cooling-in-australia-a-qualitative-study-of-health-professionals-attitudes-to-and-experience-with-scalp-cooling
#8
Joanne M Shaw, Jane O'Brien, Susan Chua, Richard De Boer, Rachel Dear, Nicholas Murray, Fran Boyle
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced alopecia is a common and distressing adverse event for patients. Scalp cooling to reduce this alopecia has been available in Europe for more than a decade, but only recently introduced in Australia. The aim of this study was to qualitatively explore health professionals' perceptions of the barriers and enablers to the implementation of scalp cooling in Australian cancer centres. METHODS: Using a qualitative methodology, telephone interviews were conducted with 21 health professionals working in a tumour stream where chemotherapy-induced alopecia is an adverse event of treatment...
August 29, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840608/a-practice-model-for-rural-district-nursing-success-in-end-of-life-advocacy-care
#9
Frances M Reed, Les Fitzgerald, Melanie R Bish
AIM: The development of a practice model for rural district nursing successful end-of-life advocacy care. BACKGROUND: Resources to help people live well in the end stages of life in rural areas can be limited and difficult to access. District nurse advocacy may promote end-of-life choice for people living at home in rural Australia. The lack of evidence available internationally to inform practice in this context was addressed by exploratory study. METHOD: A pragmatic mixed method study approved by the University Faculty Ethics Committee and conducted from March 2014 to August 2015 was used to explore the successful end-of-life advocacy of 98 rural Australian district nurses...
August 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838905/exploring-the-enablers-and-barriers-to-implementing-the-medication-appropriateness-tool-for-comorbid-health-conditions-during-dementia-match-d-criteria-in-australia-a-qualitative-study
#10
Amy Theresa Page, Rhonda Marise Clifford, Kathleen Potter, Liza Seubert, Andrew J McLachlan, Xaysja Hill, Stephanie King, Vaughan Clark, Cristin Ryan, Nikesh Parekh, Christopher D Etherton-Beer
OBJECTIVES: The Medication Appropriateness Tool for Comorbid Health conditions in Dementia (MATCH-D) criteria provide expert consensus guidance about medication use for people with dementia. This study aimed to identify enablers and barriers to implementing the criteria in practice. SETTING: Participants came from both rural and metropolitan communities in two Australian states. PARTICIPANTS: Focus groups were held with consumers, general practitioners, nurses and pharmacists...
August 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834101/reshaping-curricula-culture-and-mental-health-in-undergraduate-health-degrees
#11
Eimear Muir-Cochrane, Deb O'Kane, Margaret McAllister, Tracy Levett-Jones, Adam Gerace
Australia is a country rich in cultural diversity, with Indigenous Australians having specific cultural values and a variety of spoken languages. In addition, the increasing number of people from migrant and refugee backgrounds requires that health professionals be able to communicate effectively with people from a wide range of cultural backgrounds. This is particularly relevant when undertaking a mental health assessment, because members of diverse communities often face the dual vulnerability of marginalization and stigmatization...
August 20, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833101/nurses-perceptions-of-health-beliefs-and-impact-on-teaching-and-practice-a-q-sort-study
#12
R Cao, T E Stone, M A Petrini, S Turale
AIM: To understand Chinese nurses' perceptions of health beliefs, their content, origin and the influence of sociocultural factors, as a basis of their evidence-based practice. This study contributes to a larger study to establish the health beliefs of Japanese, Australian, Chinese, South Korean and Thai nurses. BACKGROUND: Registered nurses teach patients and students about maintaining or attaining health are subject to the same range of influences and their health beliefs may be antithetical to current health evidence...
August 22, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832897/reliability-of-an-online-geriatric-assessment-procedure-using-the-interrai-acute-care-assessment-system
#13
Melinda G Martin-Khan, Helen Edwards, Richard Wootton, Steven R Counsell, Paul Varghese, Wen Kwang Lim, Peteris Darzins, Lucy Dakin, Kerenaftali Klein, Leonard C Gray
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether geriatric triage decisions made using a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) performed online are less reliable than face-to-face (FTF) decisions. DESIGN: Multisite noninferiority prospective cohort study. Two specialist geriatricians assessed individuals sequentially referred for an acute care geriatric consultation. Participants were allocated to one FTF assessment and an additional assessment (FTF or online (OL)), creating two groups-two FTF (FTF-FTF, n = 81) or online and FTF (OL-FTF, n = 85)...
August 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822624/evaluating-an-australian-emergency-nurse-practitioner-candidate-training-program
#14
Sharyn J Plath, Mary Wright, Julia Hocking
Nurse Practitioners (NPs) receive core clinical training at master's level, with their employer providing the opportunity to upskill in clinical and procedural competencies. It is increasingly recognised that this generic education requires supplementary training for operating effectively within a specific clinical environment. In this paper we describe a pilot program designed to train Australian NP Candidates to work effectively within the Emergency Department Fast Track model of care. The training program consisted of a 12-month period: four hours in-house training per week over two semesters, running concurrently with the NP candidate's University semesters, and 3 months' clinical practice to consolidate...
August 16, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812844/clinician-perspectives-of-barriers-to-effective-implementation-of-a-rapid-response-system-in-an-academic-health-centre-a-focus-group-study
#15
John Rihari-Thomas, Michelle DiGiacomo, Jane Phillips, Phillip Newton, Patricia M Davidson
BACKGROUND: Systemic and structural issues of rapid response system (RRS) models can hinder implementation. This study sought to understand the ways in which acute care clinicians (physicians and nurses) experience and negotiate care for deteriorating patients within the RRS. METHODS: Physicians and nurses working within an Australian academic health centre within a jurisdictional-based model of clinical governance participated in focus group interviews. Verbatim transcripts were analysed using thematic content analysis...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811182/implementing-sustainable-data-collection-for-a-cardiac-outcomes-registry-in-an-australian-public-hospital
#16
Nicholas Cox, Angela Brennan, Diem Dinh, Rita Brien, Kath Cowie, Dion Stub, Christopher M Reid, Jeffrey Lefkovits
BACKGROUND: Clinical outcome registries are an increasingly vital component of ensuring quality and safety of patient care. However, Australian hospitals rarely have additional resources or the capacity to fund the additional staff time to complete the task of data collection and entry. At the same time, registry funding models do not support staff for the collection of data at the site but are directed towards the central registry tasks of data reporting, managing and quality monitoring...
March 12, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809935/effectiveness-of-a-brief-behavioural-intervention-on-psychological-distress-among-women-with-a-history-of-gender-based-violence-in-urban-kenya-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Richard A Bryant, Alison Schafer, Katie S Dawson, Dorothy Anjuri, Caroline Mulili, Lincoln Ndogoni, Phiona Koyiet, Marit Sijbrandij, Jeannette Ulate, Melissa Harper Shehadeh, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Mark van Ommeren
BACKGROUND: Gender-based violence (GBV) represents a major cause of psychological morbidity worldwide, and particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although there are effective treatments for common mental disorders associated with GBV, they typically require lengthy treatment programs that may limit scaling up in LMICs. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of a new 5-session behavioural treatment called Problem Management Plus (PM+) that lay community workers can be taught to deliver...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808814/the-impact-of-being-a-migrant-from-a-non-english-speaking-country-on-healthcare-outcomes-in-frail-older-inpatients-an-australian-study
#18
David Basic, Chris Shanley, Rinaldo Gonzales
The purpose of this prospective study of 2180 consecutive index admissions to an acute geriatric service was to compare in-hospital outcomes of frail older inpatients born in non-English-speaking counties, referred to as culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) countries in Australia, with those born in English-speaking countries. Multivariate logistic regression was used to model in-hospital mortality and new nursing home placement. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression was used to model length of stay...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804015/a-debate-about-the-merits-of-debate-in-nurse-education
#19
Peter Hartin, Melanie Birks, Marie Bodak, Cindy Woods, Marnie Hitchins
In this 'Issues for Debate' paper, the issue is debate. Today's nurses must be able to advocate, lead, and grow 'big ideas', as well as knowing their way around a patient's body and mind. This paper reports, partly, on a research study into the use of debate to develop clinical reasoning and thinking skills in nursing students. The study was conducted with first and third-year nursing students enrolled at an Australian regional university. Students were asked to comment on the effectiveness of debate as an educational strategy...
August 7, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793952/maintaining-capacity-for-in-practice-teaching-and-supervision-of-students-and-general-practice-trainees-a-cross-sectional-study-of-early-career-general-practitioners
#20
Nigel Catzikiris, Amanda Tapley, Simon Morgan, Elizabeth G Holliday, Jean Ball, Kim Henderson, Taryn Elliott, Neil Spike, Cathy Regan, Parker Magin
Objectives Expanding learner cohorts of medical students and general practitioner (GP) vocational trainees and the impending retirement of the 'baby boomer' GP cohort threaten the teaching and supervisory capacity of the Australian GP workforce. Engaging newly qualified GPs is essential to sustaining this workforce training capacity. The aim of the present study was to establish the prevalence and associations of in-practice clinical teaching and supervision in early career GPs.Methods The present study was a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study of recent (within 5 years) alumni of three of Australia's 17 regional general practice training programs...
August 10, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
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