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mesenchymal stromal cells

Laura Hidalgo-Garcia, Julio Galvez, M Elena Rodriguez-Cabezas, Per O Anderson
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic inflammatory conditions of the gastrointestinal tract characterized by an exacerbated mucosal immune response. Macrophages play pivotal roles in the maintenance of gut homeostasis but they are also implicated in the pathogenesis of IBD. They are highly plastic cells and their activation state depends on the local environment. In the healthy intestine, resident macrophages display an M2 phenotype characterized by inflammatory energy, while inflammatory M1 macrophages dominate in the inflamed intestinal mucosa...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Nuray Erin, Nur Ogan, Azmi Yerlikaya
PURPOSE: Metastatic breast cancer is resistant to many conventional treatments and novel therapeutic targets are needed. We previously isolated subsets of 4T1 murine breast cancer cells which metastasized to liver (4TLM), brain (4TBM), and heart (4THM). Among these cells, 4TLM is the most aggressive one, demonstrating mesenchymal phenotype. Here we compared secreted proteins from 4TLM, 4TBM, and 4THM cells and compared with that of hardly metastatic 67NR cells to detect differentially secreted factors involved in organ-specific metastasis...
March 20, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Klemen Čamernik, Ariana Barlič, Matej Drobnič, Janja Marc, Matjaž Jeras, Janja Zupan
The musculoskeletal system includes tissues that have remarkable regenerative capabilities. Bone and muscle sustain micro-damage throughout the lifetime, yet they continue to provide the body with the support that is needed for everyday activities. Our current understanding is that the regenerative capacity of the musculoskeletal system can be attributed to the mesenchymal stem/ stromal cells (MSCs) that reside within its different anatomical compartments. These MSCs can replenish various tissues with progenitor cells to form functional cells, such as osteoblasts, chondrocytes, myocytes, and others...
March 20, 2018: Stem Cell Reviews
Katerina M Antoniou, Konstantinos Karagiannis, Eliza Tsitoura, Eleni Bibaki, Ismini Lasithiotaki, Athanasia Proklou, Demetrios A Spandidos, Nikos Tzanakis
Mesenchymal stem (stromal) cells (MSCs) are multipotent stromal cells that have the ability to modulate immune response to tissue injury and promote repair in vivo . The therapeutic potential of ex vivo expanded MSCs are currently under investigation for a variety of chronic and acute lung diseases. This review summarizes the encouraging results regarding the safety of MSCs administration from recent and current clinical trials for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
April 2018: Biomedical Reports
Ashang Luwang Laiva, Rosanne M Raftery, Michael B Keogh, Fergal J O'Brien
Ensuring an adequate angiogenic response during wound healing is a prevailing clinical challenge in biomaterials science. To address this, we aimed to develop a pro-angiogenic gene-activated scaffold (GAS) that could activate MSCs to produce paracrine factors and influence angiogenesis and wound repair. A non-viral polyethyleneimine (PEI) nanoparticles carrying a gene encoding for stromal derived factor-1 alpha (SDF-1α) was combined with a collagen-chondroitin sulfate scaffold to produce the GAS. The ability of this platform to enhance the angiogenic potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was then assessed...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Faisal E Al Jofi, Tao Ma, Dong Guo, Monica P Schneider, Yan Shu, Hockin H K Xu, Abraham Schneider
BACKGROUND: Compelling evidence indicates that metformin, a low-cost and safe orally administered biguanide prescribed to millions of type 2 diabetics worldwide, induces the osteoblastic differentiation of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) through the 5' adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway. As a highly hydrophilic cationic compound, metformin uptake is facilitated by cell membrane organic cation transporters (OCTs) of the solute carrier 22A gene family...
March 16, 2018: Cytotherapy
Jehan J El-Jawhari, Claire L Brockett, Ioannis Ktistakis, Elena Jones, Peter V Giannoudis
The ankle degeneration ranging from focal osteochondral lesions to osteoarthritis can cause a total joint function loss. With rising life expectancy and activity of the patients, various regenerative therapies were introduced aiming to preserve the joint function via the induction of cartilage and bone repair. Here, biological events and mechanical changes of the ankle degeneration were discussed. The regenerative therapies were reviewed versus the standard surgical treatment. We especially focused on the use of mesenchymal (multipotential) stromal cells (MSCs) highlighting their dual functions of regeneration and cell modulation with an emphasis on the emerging MSC-based clinical studies...
March 19, 2018: Regenerative Medicine
Chiara Assunta Pilato, Ilaria Stadiotti, Angela Serena Maione, Valentina Saverio, Valentina Catto, Fabrizio Tundo, Antonio Dello Russo, Claudio Tondo, Giulio Pompilio, Michela Casella, Elena Sommariva
A normal adult heart is composed of several different cell types, among which cardiac mesenchymal stromal cells represent an abundant population. The isolation of these cells offers the possibility of studying their involvement in cardiac diseases, and, in addition, provides a useful primary cell model to investigate biological mechanisms. Here, the method for the isolation of C-MSC from arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy patients' bioptic samples is described. The endomyocardial biopsy sampling is guided in the right ventricular areas adjacent to the scar visualized by electro-anatomical mapping...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
José Luis Suarez-Franco, Febe Carolina Vázquez-Vázquez, Amaury Pozos-Guillen, Juan José Montesinos, Octavio Alvarez-Fregoso, Marco Antonio Alvarez-Perez
This study evaluated the influence in the biocompatibility of human periodontal ligament (hPDL) mesenchymal stromal cell onto poly lactic-acid (PLA) films and PLA fiber membrane. Fiber scaffold was prepared via air jet spinning (AJS) from PLA solutions (6, 7, and 10%) and analyzed using SEM, AFM and FTIR. Biocompatibility was evaluated by adhesion, proliferation and cell-material interaction. PLA film exhibited a smooth and homogenously surface topography in comparison with random orientation of PLA fiber with roughness structure where diameter size depends on PLA solution...
March 17, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Renea A Faulknor, Melissa A Olekson, Emmanuel C Ekwueme, Paulina Krzyszczyk, Joseph W Freeman, François Berthiaume
The transition of macrophages from the pro-inflammatory M1 to the anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype is crucial for the progression of normal wound healing. Persistent M1 macrophages within the injury site may lead to an uncontrolled macrophage-mediated inflammatory response and ultimately a failure of the wound healing cascade, leading to chronic wounds. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been widely reported to promote M1 to M2 macrophage transition; however, it is unclear whether MSCs can drive this transition in the hypoxic environment typically observed in chronic wounds...
June 2017: Technology
Haiyan Liu, Yuanmei Zhai, Wenli Zhao, Yun Wan, Wei Lu, Shaoxin Yang, Yehua Yu, Yanyu Wei, Zhiqiang Li, Jun Shi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chemotherapy is still the main strategy used to prevent the relapse of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). As the most abundant stromal component in bone marrow (BM), marrow adipocytes have been previously shown to promote leukaemogenesis. The present study was designed to further validate whether marrow adipocytes exert synergistic effects on strengthening chemotherapeutic efficacy and evaluate the underlying mechanism. METHODS: A retrospective study of BM biopsies from 80 patients with AML in remission and 71 control subjects was applied to quantitatively analyse the marrow adipocyte volume...
March 13, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Qingdong Guan, Yun Li, Tanner Shpiruk, Swaroop Bhagwat, Donna A Wall
AIM: Establishment of a potency assay in the manufacturing of clinical-grade mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) has been a challenge due to issues of relevance to function, timeline and variability of responder cells. In this study, we attempted to develop a potency assay for MSCs. METHODS: Clinical-grade bone marrow-derived MSCs were manufactured. The phenotype and immunosuppressive functions of the MSCs were evaluated based on the International Society for Cellular Therapy guidelines...
March 13, 2018: Cytotherapy
Mikhail A Sevost'yanov, Elena O Nasakina, Alexander S Baikin, Konstantin V Sergienko, Sergey V Konushkin, Mikhail A Kaplan, Alexey V Seregin, Alexander V Leonov, Valery A Kozlov, Alexey V Shkirin, Nikolai F Bunkin, Alexey G Kolmakov, Sergey V Simakov, Sergey V Gudkov
A technology for obtaining materials from nanostructured nitinol with titanium- or tantalum-enriched surface layers was developed. Surface layers enriched with titanium or tantalum were shown to provide a decrease in the formation of reactive oxygen species and long-lived protein radicals in comparison to untreated nitinol. It was determined that human peripheral vessel myofibroblasts and human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells grown on nitinol bases coated with titanium or tantalum-enriched surface layers exhibit a nearly two times higher mitotic index...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Naoya Ishibashi, Tatsuaki Watanabe, Masahiko Kanehira, Yui Watanabe, Yasushi Hoshikawa, Hirotsugu Notsuda, Masafumi Noda, Akira Sakurada, Shinya Ohkouchi, Takashi Kondo, Yoshinori Okada
PURPOSE: Using a rat model of allograft lung transplantation, we investigated the effectiveness of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) as prophylactic and therapeutic agents against the acute rejection of lung grafts. METHODS: Lung grafts were harvested from donor rats and transplanted orthotopically into major histocompatibility complex-mismatched rats. MSCs were administered to the recipients once (on day 0) or twice (on days 0 and 3) after transplantation. The grade of acute rejection was evaluated both macroscopically and microscopically 6 days after transplantation...
March 15, 2018: Surgery Today
Steven M Kornblau, Peter P Ruvolo, Rui-Yu Wang, V Lokesh Battula, Elisabeth J Shpall, Vivian R Ruvolo, Teresa McQueen, YiHua Qui, Zhihong Zeng, Sherry Pierce, Rodrigo Jacamo, Suk-Young Yoo, Phuong M Le, Jeffery Sun, Numsen Hail, Marina Konopleva, Michael Andreeff
Mesenchymal stromal cells support acute myeloid leukemia cell survival in the bone marrow microenvironment. Protein expression profiles of acute myeloid leukemia-derived mesenchymal stromal cells are unknown. Reverse phase protein array analysis was performed to compare expression of 151 proteins from acute myeloid leukemia mesenchymal stromal cells (n = 106) with mesenchymal stromal cells from healthy donors (n = 71). Protein expression differed significantly between the two groups with nineteen proteins overexpressed in leukemia stromal cells and nine overexpressed in normal stromal cells...
March 15, 2018: Haematologica
Thais Assis-Ribas, Maria Fernanda Forni, Sheila Maria Brochado Winnischofer, Mari Cleide Sogayar, Marina Trombetta-Lima
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are stromal cells that display self-renewal and multipotent differentiation capacity. The repertoire of mature cells generated ranges but is not restricted to: fat, bone and cartilage. Their potential importance for both cell therapy and maintenance of in vivo homeostasis is indisputable. Nonetheless, both their in vivo identity and use in cell therapy remain elusive. A drawback generated by this fact is that little is known about the MSC niche and how it impacts differentiation and homeostasis maintenance...
March 12, 2018: Developmental Biology
Dasa Cizkova, Veronika Cubinkova, Tomas Smolek, Adriana-Natalia Murgoci, Jan Danko, Katarina Vdoviakova, Filip Humenik, Milan Cizek, Jusal Quanico, Isabelle Fournier, Michel Salzet
It was recently shown that the conditioned medium (CM) of mesenchymal stem cells can enhance viability of neural and glial cell populations. In the present study, we have investigated a cell-free approach via CM from rat bone marrow stromal cells (MScCM) applied intrathecally (IT) for spinal cord injury (SCI) recovery in adult rats. Functional in vitro test on dorsal root ganglion (DRG) primary cultures confirmed biological properties of collected MScCM for production of neurosphere-like structures and axon outgrowth...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Xiao-Fen Ruan, Cheng-Wei Ju, Yan Shen, Yu-Tao Liu, Il-Man Kim, Hong Yu, Neal Weintraub, Xiao-Long Wang, Yao-Liang Tang
Cardiac mesenchymal stem cells (C-MSCs) are endogenous cardiac stromal cells that play a role in heart repair after injury. C-MSC-derived exosomes (Exo) have shown protective effects against apoptosis induced by acute myocardial ischemia/reperfusion. Suxiao Jiuxin pill (SJP) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula used in China for the treatment of acute myocardial ischemia, which contains tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) and borneol (BOR) as major components. In this study, we investigated whether SJP treatment affected exosome release from C-MSCs in vitro...
March 15, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Claudia Schlundt, Christian H Bucher, Serafeim Tsitsilonis, Hanna Schell, Georg N Duda, Katharina Schmidt-Bleek
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Impaired healing outcomes or even non-unions after bone injury are still a highly relevant problem in the daily clinical life. Especially within an aging population, the occurrence of bone fractures increases and thus novel treatment approaches to overcome compromised bone regeneration are needed. RECENT FINDINGS: The gold standard to treat delayed or non-healing bone injuries is still the use of autologous bone grafts to foster regeneration. Besides its successful treatment outcome, it also has disadvantages: a second surgery is needed in order to harvest the bone material and the material is highly limited...
March 13, 2018: Current Osteoporosis Reports
Aleksandra Klimczak, Urszula Kozlowska, Maciej Kurpisz
Muscular dystrophies represent a group of diseases which may develop in several forms, and severity of the disease is usually associated with gene mutations. In skeletal muscle regeneration and in muscular dystrophies, both innate and adaptive immune responses are involved. The regenerative potential of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) of bone marrow origin was confirmed by the ability to differentiate into diverse tissues and by their immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties by secretion of a variety of growth factors and anti-inflammatory cytokines...
March 13, 2018: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
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