keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hip knee

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538536/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-hip-and-knee-replacements
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538534/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-hip-and-knee-replacements
#2
David P Gwynne-Jones, Ginny Martin, Chris Crane
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs or hip and knee replacements have had a significant effect on streamlining patient care with shorter stays, no increase in complications, and improved outcomes including reduced mortality. PURPOSE: To compare outcomes following the introduction of an ERAS program for hip and knee replacements developed at our institution with a historical cohort of patients. METHODS: ERAS protocols were developed at our institution for patients undergoing hip and knee joint replacements...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538320/the-effects-of-a-heel-wedge-on-hip-pelvis-and-trunk-biomechanics-during-squatting-in-resistance-trained-individuals
#3
Jesse M Charlton, Connor A Hammond, Christopher K Cochrane, Gillian L Hatfield, Michael A Hunt
Charlton, JM, Hammond, CA, Cochrane, CK, Hatfield, GL, and Hunt, MA. The effects of a heel wedge on hip, pelvis, and trunk biomechanics during squatting in resistance trained individuals. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1678-1687, 2017-Barbell back squats are a popular exercise for developing lower extremity strength and power. However, this exercise has potential injury risks, particularly to the lumbar spine, pelvis, and hip joint. Previous literature suggests heel wedges as a means of favorably adjusting trunk and pelvis kinematics with the intention of reducing such injury risks...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537819/movement-control-tests-for-the-lumbopelvic-complex-are-these-tests-reliable-and-valid
#4
Hannah Granström, Björn O Äng, Eva Rasmussen-Barr
This study evaluated inter- and intra-observer reliability and discriminative validity of three movement control tests: 1) standing knee-lift test; 2) static lunge test; and 3) dynamic lunge test. Thirty-eight subjects, 21 with low-back pain and 17 healthy, were video-recorded while performing the tests. Four physical therapists scored the tests according to a standardized protocol and calculated a composite score for each test based on the number of incorrect test components. Inter-observer reliability for the composite scores ranged between 0...
May 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534433/skating-start-propulsion-three-dimensional-kinematic-analysis-of-elite-male-and-female-ice-hockey-players
#5
Jaymee R Shell, Shawn M K Robbins, Philippe C Dixon, Philippe J Renaud, René A Turcotte, Tom Wu, David J Pearsall
The forward skating start is a fundamental skill for male and female ice hockey players. However, performance differences by athlete's sex cannot be fully explained by physiological variables; hence, other factors such as skating technique warrant examination. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the body movement kinematics of ice hockey skating starts between elite male and female ice hockey participants. Male (n = 9) and female (n = 10) elite ice hockey players performed five forward skating start accelerations...
May 23, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534211/associations-between-yoga-practice-and-joint-problems-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-9151-australian-women
#6
Romy Lauche, Dania Schumann, David Sibbritt, Jon Adams, Holger Cramer
Yoga exercises have been associated with joint problems recently, indicating that yoga practice might be potentially dangerous for joint health. This study aimed to analyse whether regular yoga practice is associated with the frequency of joint problems in upper middle-aged Australian women. Women aged 62-67 years from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) were questioned in 2013 whether they experienced regular joint pain or problems in the past 12 months and whether they regularly practiced yoga...
May 22, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533697/a-comparison-of-predictors-and-intensity-of-acute-postsurgical-pain-in-patients-undergoing-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#7
Patrícia R Pinto, Teresa McIntyre, Vera Araújo-Soares, Patrício Costa, Ramón Ferrero, Armando Almeida
BACKGROUND: Acute pain is an expected result after surgery. Nevertheless, when not appropriately controlled, acute pain has a very negative impact on individual clinical outcomes, impairing healing and recovery, and has clear consequences on health care system costs. Augmenting knowledge on predictors and potentially modifiable determinants of acute postsurgical pain can facilitate early identification of and intervention in patients at risk. However, only a few studies have examined and compared acute pain after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533694/the-improved-quality-of-postoperative-analgesia-after-intrathecal-morphine-does-not-result-in-improved-recovery-and-quality-of-life-in-the-first-6-months-after-orthopedic-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#8
Nilufar Foadi, Matthias Karst, Anika Frese-Gaul, Niels Rahe-Meyer, Stefan Krömer, Christian Weilbach
OBJECTIVE: In orthopedic surgery, it is well known that the use of intrathecal morphine (ITM) leads to an improved quality of postoperative analgesia. Little is known how this improved analgesia affects the long-term course after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind trial. SETTING: Academic medical center. SUBJECTS: Forty-nine patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement surgery in spinal anesthesia...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533587/measuring-hip-flexor-and-extensor-strengths-across-various-postures-using-a-fixed-belt
#9
Takashi Yoshizawa, Kentarou Higashi, Tomohiko Katou
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to evaluate hip flexor and extensor strength due to differences in posture measurement. [Subjects and Methods] Healthy adults (26 males and 24 females) were enrolled. Using a hand-held dynamometer, hip flexor and extensor strengths were measured in various postures and in a basic posture (sitting posture and hip/knee joint flexed 90°) according to the Manual Muscle Testing procedure. While calculating intraclass correlation coefficients by measurement, hip flexor and extensor strengths were compared in males and females for every posture...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532867/ultrasound-study-of-elbow-ulnar-collateral-ligament-changes-in-collegiate-baseball-players-a-pilot-study
#10
Johnathan Erb, Heather Sherman, Sydney Williard, Julien Bui, Aimie Kachingwe
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in elbow ulnar collateral ligament length in college baseball pitchers over the course of a single season. DESIGN: Cohort Feasibility Study. METHODS: Diagnostic ultrasound was used to assess both the dominant and non-dominant medial elbow joint space in four pitchers and five fielders and compared to in-game pitching data. Shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle range of motion measurements were also taken...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532409/variation-in-prosthetic-joint-infection-and-treatment-strategies-during-4-5%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up-after-primary-joint-arthroplasty-using-administrative-data-of-41397-patients-across-australian-european-and-united-states-hospitals
#11
Perla J Marang-van de Mheen, Ellie Bragan Turner, Susan Liew, Nora Mutalima, Ton Tran, Sten Rasmussen, Rob G H H Nelissen, Andrew Gordon
BACKGROUND: To identify best practices and quality improvement initiatives, we aimed to assess whether the incidence of Periprosthetic Joint Infection (PJI) and treatment strategies differed across patients treated in Australian, European and United States (US) hospitals. METHODS: Routinely collected administrative data for 41397 patients undergoing a primary total hip or knee arthroplasty between July 2007-December 2010 across 22 hospitals were included. Patients were followed for 2 years looking for PJI occurrence, defined as early (within 4 weeks) and late PJI, and surgical treatment during 2...
May 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530464/osteonecrosis-in-sle-prevalence-patterns-outcomes-and-predictors
#12
D D Gladman, N Dhillon, J Su, M B Urowitz
Objective Osteonecrosis is a serious comorbidity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence of symptomatic osteonecrosis, determine the pattern of joint involvement, identify the outcomes and investigate predictive factors in a large cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus followed prospectively. Methods At the Toronto Lupus Clinic patients have been followed prospectively according to a standard protocol since 1970. Osteonecrosis is recorded if patients are symptomatic and is confirmed by imaging...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530031/celecoxib-for-osteoarthritis
#13
REVIEW
Livia Puljak, Ana Marin, Davorka Vrdoljak, Filipa Markotic, Ana Utrobicic, Peter Tugwell
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and is caused by degeneration of the joint cartilage and growth of new bone, cartilage and connective tissue. It is often associated with major disability and impaired quality of life. There is currently no consensus on the best treatment to improve OA symptoms. Celecoxib is a selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical benefits (pain, function, quality of life) and safety (withdrawals due to adverse effects, serious adverse effects, overall discontinuation rates) of celecoxib in osteoarthritis (OA)...
May 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529867/efficacy-of-antibiotic-suppressive-therapy-in-patients-with-a-prosthetic-joint-infection
#14
Marjan Wouthuyzen-Bakker, Jasperina M Nijman, Greetje A Kampinga, Sander van Assen, Paul C Jutte
Introduction: For chronic prosthetic joint infections (PJI), complete removal of the infected prosthesis is necessary in order to cure the infection. Unfortunately, a subgroup of patients is not able to undergo a revision surgery due to high surgical risk. Alternatively, these patients can be treated with antibiotic suppressive therapy (AST) to suppress the infection. Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of AST. Methods: We retrospectively collected data (period 2009-2015) from patients with a PJI (of hip, knee or shoulder) who were treated with AST at the University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands...
2017: J Bone Jt Infect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529862/therapeutic-use-of-antibiotic-loaded-bone-cement-in-the-treatment-of-hip-and-knee-joint-infections
#15
REVIEW
Konstantinos Anagnostakos
The use of antibiotic-loaded cement spacers is an established method in the management of periprosthetic hip and knee joint infections. Despite inconsistencies among published studies, data shows that infection control rates exceed 90% with two-stage exchange arthroplasty. The present work reviews the current literature about antibiotic-loaded cement spacers and concentrates on the indications for spacer implantation, spacer production details, antibiotic impregnation, pharmacokinetic properties, clinical success, mechanical complications, and systemic safety...
2017: J Bone Jt Infect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529343/excellent-auc-for-joint-fluid-cytology-in-the-detection-exclusion-of-hip-and-knee-prosthetic-joint-infection
#16
Jiri Gallo, Jarmila Juranova, Michal Svoboda, Jana Zapletalova
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of synovial fluid (SF) white cell count (SWCC) and neutrophil/lymphocyte percentage in the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) for particular threshold values. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a prospective study of 391 patients in whom SF specimens were collected before total joint replacement revisions. SF was aspirated before joint capsule incision. The PJI diagnosis was based only on non-SF data...
May 15, 2017: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529107/is-there-a-role-for-preoperative-iron-supplementation-in-patients-preparing-for-a-total-hip-or-total-knee-arthroplasty
#17
Stephen M Petis, Brent A Lanting, Edward M Vasarhelyi, Douglas D R Naudie, Fiona E Ralley, James L Howard
BACKGROUND: Several treatment modalities exist for the treatment of perioperative anemia. We determined the effect of oral iron supplementation on preoperative anemia, and the use of blood-conserving interventions before total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: A total of 3435 total joint arthroplasties (1461 THAs and 1974 TKAs) were analyzed during 2 phases of a blood conservation program. The first phase used erythropoietin alfa (EPO) or intravenous (IV) iron for patients at risk for perioperative anemia...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527700/failure-of-hightibialvarus-osteotomy-for-lateral-tibio-femoral-osteoarthritis-with-10%C3%A2-of-valgus-outcomes-in-19-patients
#18
G Mirouse, A Dubory, F Roubineau, A Poignard, P Hernigou, J Allain, C H Flouzat Lachaniette
BACKGROUND: Osteotomy is a rational approach to slowing knee osteoarthritis progression by modifying loads, thereby avoiding joint replacement in younger individuals. Varus femoral osteotomy is recommended only in patients with more than 10° of valgus. The objective here was to assess outcomes of tibialvarus osteotomy in patients with lateral compartment tibio-femoral osteoarthritis and less than 10° of valgus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-centre retrospective study was conducted in 19 consecutive patients managed by high tibialvarus osteotomy between January 2005 and May 2012...
May 17, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527684/patient-perceptions-regarding-outpatient-hip-and-knee-arthroplasties
#19
R Michael Meneghini, Mary Ziemba-Davis
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in outpatient total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in the orthopedic community, but how patients feel about outpatient TJA is unknown. The purpose of this study was to understand patient perspectives on hip and knee replacements performed in an outpatient setting. METHODS: We surveyed 110 consecutive patients scheduled for primary TJA in an academic suburban arthroplasty practice regarding their knowledge and perceptions of outpatient TJA...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527386/gait-patterns-of-children-and-adolescents-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#20
Elizabeth Wojciechowski, Amy Sman, Kayla Cornett, Jacqueline Raymond, Kathryn Refshauge, Manoj P Menezes, Joshua Burns
Gait abnormalities reported in childhood Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) include foot-drop, reduced ankle power at push-off and increased knee and hip flexion for swing clearance ('steppage-gait'). The purpose of this study was to describe the gait patterns of 60 children aged 6-17 years with CMT (CMTall) and distinguish differences based on functional weakness using the CMT Pediatric Scale (CMTPedS). Data were captured using Vicon Nexus system and compared to 50 healthy norms. Data were subdivided into three groups denoting increasing severity of dorsiflexion and plantarflexion weakness from the CMTPedS: no difficulty heel or toe walking (CMTND), difficulty heel walking (CMTDH), difficulty toe and heel walking (CMTDTH)...
May 8, 2017: Gait & Posture
keyword
keyword
33829
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"