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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353434/prediction-of-progression-in-skull-base-meningiomas-additional-benefits-of-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-value
#1
Ching-Chung Ko, Sher-Wei Lim, Tai-Yuan Chen, Jeon-Hor Chen, Chien-Feng Li, Yow-Ling Shiue
A subset of benign (WHO grade I) skull base meningiomas show early progression/recurrence (P/R) in the first years after surgical resection. Besides, complete surgical resection may be difficult to achieve safely in skull base meningiomas due to complex neurovascular structures. The one main challenge in the treatment of skull base meningiomas is to determine factors that correlate with P/R. We retrospectively investigated the preoperative CT and MR imaging features for the prediction of P/R in skull base meningiomas, with emphasis on quantitative ADC values...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353392/a-preliminary-survey-on-prevalence-and-knowledge-about-different-aspects-of-somnambulism-in-buner-district-of-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan
#2
Wajiha, Zaigham Hasan, Rabia Afridi, Lubna Rahman, Naveeda Akhtar Qureshi, Kausar Saeed, Humera Afridi
PURPOSE: Present study was aimed to investigate the prevalence and knowledge about different aspects of somnambulism in general population of Buner District, KP, Pakistan, during December 2015-November 2016. METHODS: Data was collected through convenient sampling technique which was comprised of structured and detailed questionnaire. Collected data regarding different actions performed by sleepwalkers were adjusted through a weighted variable to generalize results...
January 20, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353385/the-relative-importance-of-clinical-economic-patient-values-and-feasibility-criteria-in-cancer-drug-reimbursement-in-canada-a-revealed-preferences-analysis-of-recommendations-of-the-pan-canadian-oncology-drug-review-2011-2017
#3
Chris Skedgel, Dominika Wranik, Min Hu
BACKGROUND: Most Canadian provinces and territories rely on the pan-Canadian Oncology Drug Review (pCODR) to provide recommendations regarding public reimbursement of cancer drugs. The pCODR review process considers four dimensions of value-clinical benefit, economic evaluation, patient-based values and adoption feasibility-but they do not define weights for individual decision criteria or an acceptable threshold for any of the criteria. Given this implicit review process, it is of interest to understand which factors appear to carry the most weight in pCODR recommendations using a revealed preferences approach...
January 20, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353367/surveillance-for-cancer-recurrence-in-long-term-young-breast-cancer-survivors-randomly-selected-from-a-statewide-cancer-registry
#4
Tarsha Jones, Debra Duquette, Meghan Underhill, Chang Ming, Kari E Mendelsohn-Victor, Beth Anderson, Kara J Milliron, Glenn Copeland, Nancy K Janz, Laurel L Northouse, Sonia M Duffy, Sofia D Merajver, Maria C Katapodi
PURPOSE: This study examined clinical breast exam (CBE) and mammography surveillance in long-term young breast cancer survivors (YBCS) and identified barriers and facilitators to cancer surveillance practices. METHODS: Data collected with a self-administered survey from a statewide, randomly selected sample of YBCS diagnosed with invasive breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ younger than 45 years old, stratified by race (Black vs. White/Other). Multivariate logistic regression models identified predictors of annual CBEs and mammograms...
January 20, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353293/alcohol-tobacco-and-cannabis-consumption-in-adolescents-from-a-multicultural-population-burela-lugo
#5
Ainara Díaz Geada, Alicia Busto Miramontes, Francisco Caamaño Isorna
Social inequalities have been associated with morbidity and mortality. Gender, ethnic group and inequalities were studied in an adolescent population to analyze alcohol, tobacco and cannabis consumption. We carried out a cross-sectional study of pupils from high schools in Burela (northern Spain) (n=238). We used the "Factors de Risc en Estudiants de Secundária" questionnaire designed by Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: nationality and weekly pocket money...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353224/coronary-microvascular-dysfunction-may-be-related-to-igf-1-in-acromegalic-patients-and-can-be-restored-by-therapy
#6
Sara Tellatin, Pietro Maffei, Elena Osto, Francesca Dassie, Giulia Famoso, Roberta Montisci, Chiara Martini, Francesco Fallo, Martina Perazzolo Marra, Roberto Mioni, Sabino Iliceto, Roberto Vettor, Francesco Tona
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acromegaly increases the risk of cardiovascular mortality. Data on the cardiovascular risk in asymptomatic acromegaly are limited. In particular, data on coronary microvascular abnormalities are lacking. We assessed coronary flow reserve (CFR) as a marker of coronary microvascular function in asymptomatic acromegaly. METHODS: We studied 40 acromegalic patients (23 male, age 52 ± 11 years) without clinical evidence of cardiovascular disease, and 40 control subjects matched for age and sex...
December 24, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353222/cohort-study-of-cervical-ossification-of-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-in-a-korean-populations-demographics-of-prevalence-surgical-treatment-and-disability
#7
Jaeyong Shin, Yong Wook Kim, Sang Gyu Lee, Eun-Cheol Park, Seo Yeon Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the demographic characteristics of cervical ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) including prevalence, surgical treatment, and disability in Korean population using Korean National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort (NHIS-NSC) data, and to analyze association between accessibility for surgical treatment and socioeconomic factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A population-based cohort study was conducted using stratified representative sampling from NHIS-NSC data from the year 2002 to 2013...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353186/addictive-behaviors-social-and-psychosocial-factors-and-electronic-cigarette-use-among-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#8
M Lindström, M Rosvall
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate associations between e-cigarette use and social and psychosocial factors and cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and narcotics use among adolescents attending 9th grade in primary school and 2nd grade in secondary school. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: The public health survey among adolescents in Scania in 2016 includes pupils in grades 9 and 2. The associations between e-cigarette use and lifestyle, social and psychosocial factors, and trust were investigated with logistic regressions...
January 17, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353178/impulsivity-in-early-psychosis-a-complex-link-with-violent-behaviour-and-a-target-for-intervention
#9
V Moulin, P Golay, J Palix, P S Baumann, M-M Gholamrezaee, A Azzola, J Gasser, K Q Do, L Alameda, P Conus
BACKGROUND: Violent behaviour (VB) occurs in first episode of schizophrenia and can have devastating impact both on victims and patients themselves. A better knowledge of the underlying mechanisms of VB may pave the way to preventive treatments. OBJECTIVES: 1) To explore the nature of the link between impulsivity and VB in early psychosis (EP) patients; 2) To explore the interactions between impulsivity and substance abuse, insight, and positive symptoms, the main dynamic risk factors of VB described to date...
January 17, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353177/psychiatric-disorders-and-compliance-with-prenatal-care-a-10-year-retrospective-cohort-compared-to-controls
#10
Joseph Ben-Sheetrit, Liat Huller-Harari, Michal Rasner, Nehemia Magen, Nitsa Nacasch, Paz Toren
BACKGROUND: Inadequate prenatal care has been associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. We sought to compare compliance with prenatal care visits (PCV), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and serum alfa-fetoprotein (aFP) in women with psychiatric disorders (PD) and healthy controls. METHODS: Subjects were 5395 women (1043 PD and 4352 controls), members of Clalit Health Services (Tel-Aviv district, Israel), who gave birth during 2004-2014. We used Generalized Estimating Equations with binary-logistic models, considering consecutive pregnancies as repeated measures with unbalanced design...
January 17, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353152/tgf%C3%AE-c-509t-tgf%C3%AE-t869c-xrcc1-arg194trp-ikb%C3%AE-c642t-il4-c-590t-genetic-polymorphisms-combined-with-socio-economic-lifestyle-diet-factors-and-gastric-cancer-risk-a-case-control-study-in-south-indian-population
#11
Dhayalan Pavithra, Majumdar Gautam, Ranganathan Rama, Rajaraman Swaminathan, Gopisetty Gopal, Ayyalur Seshadri Ramakrishnan, Thangarajan Rajkumar
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is worldwide the third major cause of cancer related death. Risk factors for gastric cancer includes Helicobacter pylori infection, gastric ulcer, less hygienic condition, use of tobacco, alcohol consumption, use of salted, smoked food, genetic alterations etc. In order to identify the risk factors associated with gastric cancer in South Indian population a case-control study involving 200 proven gastric cancer cases and 400 controls was conducted. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was used to interview all the subjects who participated in our study...
January 17, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353151/the-association-between-recreational-physical-activity-sedentary-time-and-colorectal-polyps-in-a-population-screened-for-colorectal-cancer
#12
Darren R Brenner, Eileen Shaw, Demetra H Yannitsos, Matthew T Warkentin, Nigel T Brockton, S Elizabeth McGregor, Susanna Town, Robert J Hilsden
PURPOSE: Regular recreational moderate to vigorous physical activity (rMVPA) has been previously associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), however, few studies have examined the association of rMVPA with colorectal polyps, the pre-malignant precursor lesions. The objective of this study was to examine the associations between physical activity and sitting time and polyps at the time of screening. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 2496 individuals undergoing screening-related colonoscopy in Calgary, Alberta, Canada...
January 17, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353120/phase-angle-assessment-in-critically-ill-cancer-patients-relationship-with-the-nutritional-status-prognostic-factors-and-death
#13
Tatiana Cathoud do Amaral Paes, Kátia Cansanção Correa de Oliveira, Patrícia de Carvalho Padilha, Wilza Arantes Ferreira Peres
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between phase angle (PA) and nutritional status and the prognostic significance of PA in critically ill cancer patients. METHODS: 31 patients that had been admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of a center on oncology were evaluated. Their PA was obtained from their bioelectrical impedance within 48 h of the ICU admission. The logistic regression analysis of Cox was used in order to identify the independent predictors of the outcomes...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353088/healthcare-students-evaluation-of-the-clinical-learning-environment-and-supervision-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Salla Pitkänen, Maria Kääriäinen, Ashlee Oikarainen, Anna-Maria Tuomikoski, Satu Elo, Heidi Ruotsalainen, Mikko Saarikoski, Taina Kärsämänoja, Kristina Mikkonen
BACKGROUND: The purpose of clinical placements and supervision is to promote the development of healthcare students´ professional skills. High-quality clinical learning environments and supervision were shown to have significant influence on healthcare students´ professional development. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe healthcare students` evaluation of the clinical learning environment and supervision, and to identify the factors that affect these. DESIGN: The study was performed as a cross-sectional study...
January 17, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352841/predict-rheumatoid-arthritis-conversion-from-undifferentiated-arthritis-with-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-and-laboratory-indexes
#15
Xinwei Lei, Huixia Li, Ying Zhan, Jin Qu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical value of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) and laboratory indexes in predicting conversion from undifferentiated arthritis (UA) to rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A total 81 DMARD-naive UA patients were studied. 37 cases were ultimately diagnosed as RA, 32 cases were diagnosed as other types of arthritis, and the remaining cases were still UA during the 1-year follow-up. The DCE-MRI and laboratory measures were fed into a logistic regression analysis...
January 15, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352840/serum-aminoacyl-trna-synthetase-interacting-multifunctional-protein-1-aimp1-a-novel-disease-activity-predictive-biomarker-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#16
Sung Soo Ahn, Shin Hee Hong, Younhee Park, Seung Min Jung, Jason Jungsik Song, Yong-Beom Park, Sang-Won Lee, Sang Gyu Park
OBJECTIVES: Secreted aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase-interacting multifunctional protein-1 (AIMP1) has been reported to have pro-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of serum AIMP1 in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Serum levels of AIMP1 were measured in 160 patients with SLE using a human AIMP1 ELISA kit. Eighty patients were classified as active SLE (SLEDAI-2K ≥ 5), and 80 patients were classified as stable SLE...
January 15, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352822/lower-respiratory-symptoms-associated-with-environmental-and-reconstruction-exposures-after-hurricane-sandy
#17
Lisa M Gargano, Sean Locke, Hannah T Jordan, Robert M Brackbill
OBJECTIVE: In a population with prior exposure to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster, this study sought to determine the relationship between Hurricane Sandy-related inhalation exposures and post-Sandy lower respiratory symptoms (LRS). METHODS: Participants included 3835 WTC Health Registry enrollees who completed Wave 3 (2011-2012) and Hurricane Sandy (2013) surveys. The Sandy-related inhalational exposures examined were: (1) reconstruction exposure; (2) mold or damp environment exposure; and (3) other respiratory irritants exposure...
January 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352820/concordance-and-predictors-of-concordance-of-children-s-dietary-intake-as-reported-via-ecological-momentary-assessment-and-24-h-recall
#18
Sydney G O'Connor, Wangjing Ke, Eldin Dzubur, Susan Schembre, Genevieve F Dunton
OBJECTIVE: To provide preliminary evidence in support of using ecological momentary assessment (EMA), a real-time data capture method involving repeated assessments, to measure dietary intake in children by examining the concordance of children's dietary reports through EMA and 24 h recall. DESIGN: Children completed eight days of EMA surveys, reporting on recent dietary intake of four pre-specified food categories ('Fruits or Vegetables', 'Chips or Fries', 'Pastries or Sweets', 'Soda or Energy Drinks'), and completed two 24 h recalls during the same period...
January 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352819/dietary-fibre-intake-in-relation-to-the-risk-of-incident-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
Parvin Mirmiran, Emad Yuzbashian, Golaleh Asghari, Shaghayegh Sarverzadeh, Fereidoun Azizi
The purpose of this study was primarily to evaluate the association of total fibre intake with the risk of incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). We also evaluated the association of dietary fibre from fruits, vegetables, cereals and legumes with the incidence of CKD in a population-based prospective study. We followed up 1630 participants of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study for 6·1 years, who were initially free of CKD. Baseline diet was assessed by a valid and reliable FFQ. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated, using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study equation, and CKD was defined as eGFR <60 ml/min per 1·73 m2...
January 21, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352817/the-association-between-sexual-behaviours-and-initiation-of-post-secondary-education-in-south-africa
#20
Annah V Bengesai, Hafiz T A Khan, Russell Dube
Although young people in South Africa are growing up in an era where their socioeconomic circumstances are seemingly better than those of their parents' generation, they face greater risks in their trajectory to adulthood. This is mainly because the environment in which they are making sexual decisions is also rapidly evolving. Currently, South Africa has the highest prevalence of HIV and AIDS in the world among young people aged 15-24. This study examined the effect of sexual behaviours initiated in adolescence on enrolment in post-secondary education...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
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