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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793149/educational-and-emotional-health-outcomes-in-adolescence-following-maltreatment-in-early-childhood-a-population-based-study-of-protective-factors
#1
Nisreen Khambati, Liam Mahedy, Jon Heron, Alan Emond
Although childhood maltreatment is associated with long-term impairment, some children function well despite this adversity. This study aimed to identify the key protective factors for good educational attainment and positive emotional health in adolescents who experienced maltreatment in early childhood. Data were analyzed from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a large UK prospective cohort study. The sample was defined by maternally reported exposure to physical or emotional maltreatment by a parent prior to 5 years...
May 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793123/the-beighton-score-as-a-predictor-of-brighton-criteria-in-sport-and-dance
#2
Ross Armstrong, Dr Matt Greig
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of using the Beighton joint hypermobility score as a predictor of Brighton criteria components, considering the influence of gender and sports participation. DESIGN: Cross sectional study design. SETTING: A University. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-five female rugby players, 38 male rugby players, 61 netball players, 42 female dancers, 40 male controls and 40 female controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Beighton score was assessed using the Beighton and Horan Joint Mobility Index...
April 20, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793085/socio-demographic-factors-associated-with-choosing-violent-methods-of-suicide-2011-2016-ilam-province
#3
Yousef Veisani, Fathola Mohamadian, Ali Delpisheh, Salman Khazaei
BACKGROUND: In new strategies towards of suicide prevention the best approach currently is based on specific method had specific risk factors. Therefore in this study we aimed to find out the association between socio-demographic factors and methods in completed suicide, 2011-2016, Ilam province. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, 2011-2016, was conducted. A total of 540 completed suicides were recruited to the study. Data were collected by systematic registration suicide data (SRSD) and Legal Medicine Organization (LMO)...
May 21, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793084/subthreshold-depression-among-diabetes-patients-in-beijing-cross-sectional-associations-among-sociodemographic-clinical-and-behavior-factors
#4
Dandan Wang, Lintao Shi, Leling Li, Xiaohui Guo, Yufeng Li, Yuan Xu, Shinan Yin, Qiaozhen Wu, Yu Yang, Xiaoming Zhuang, Yingli Gai, Quanmin Li, Yanjun Liu
BACKGROUND: This study explores the prevalence of subthreshold depression (SubD) and its association with factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 808 outpatients with T2DM from ten hospitals in Beijing between September 2015 and January 2016. All participants completed the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item (PHQ-9) to evaluate depressive status, with scores between 5 and 14 considered SubD. Conditional logistic regression was conducted to investigate the variables associated with SubD in T2DM patients...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792998/bmi-and-gender-increase-risk-for-sacral-fractures-after-multilevel-instrumented-spinal-fusion-compared-to-bone-mineral-density-and-pelvic-parameters
#5
Stephan N Salzmann, Courtney Ortiz Miller, John A Carrino, Jingyan Yang, Jennifer Shue, Andrew A Sama, Frank P Cammisa, Federico P Girardi, Alexander P Hughes
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Sacral fractures are a rare but potentially devastating complication. Long-fusion constructs including the sacrum that do not extend to the pelvis may result in sacral fractures. Besides established risk factors including gender, age and number of levels fused, body mass index (BMI), pelvic parameters and bone mineral density (BMD) have also been proposed as potential risk factors for postoperative sacral fractures. The literature supporting this, however, is limited...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792994/lumbar-spinal-stenosis-comparison-of-surgical-practice-variation-and-clinical-outcome-in-three-national-spine-registries
#6
Greger Lønne, Peter Fritzell, Olle Hägg, Dennis Nordvall, Paul Gerdhem, Tobias Lagerbäck, Mikkel Andersen, Søren Eiskjaer, Martin Gehrchen, Wilco Jacobs, Miranda L van Hooff, Tore K Solberg
BACKGROUND: Decompression surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is the most common spinal procedure in the elderly. To avoid persisting low back pain, adding arthrodesis has been recommended, especially if there is a coexisting degenerative spondylolisthesis. However, this strategy remains controversial, resulting in practice-based variation. PURPOSE: To evaluate in a pragmatic study if surgical selection criteria and variation in use of arthrodesis in three Scandinavian countries can be linked to variation in treatment effectiveness...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792949/srnaome-and-transcriptome-analysis-provide-insight-into-chilling-response-of-cowpea-pods
#7
Jinhua Zuo, Yunxiang Wang, Benzhong Zhu, Yunbo Luo, Qing Wang, Lipu Gao
Cowpea is an important horticultural crop in tropical and subtropical areas of Asia, Africa, and Latin America, as well as parts of southern Europe and Central and South America. Chilling injury is a common physiological hazard of cowpea in cold chain logistics which reduce the cowpea pod's nutritional quality and product value. However, the molecular mechanism involved in chilling injury remains unclear in cowpea pods. RNA-Seq and sRNA-Seq technologies were employed to decipher the miRNAs and mRNAs expression profiles and their regulatory networks in cowpea pods involved in chilling stress...
May 21, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792926/prediction-of-midlife-hand-osteoarthritis-in-young-men
#8
Karin Magnusson, Aleksandra Turkiewicz, Simon Timpka, Martin Englund
OBJECTIVES: Improved prediction modeling in osteoarthritis (OA) may encourage risk reduction through calculation of individual and population lifetime risks. There are currently no prediction models for hand OA. Thus, we aimed to i) develop a prediction model for hand OA in men and ii) to contrast its discriminative performance to a prediction model for lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: We included 40 118 men aged 18 years undergoing mandatory conscription in Sweden 1969-70...
May 21, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792883/plasma-n-glycan-signatures-associate-with-features-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#9
Florent Clerc, Mislav Novokmet, Viktoria Dotz, Karli R Reiding, Noortje de Haan, Guinevere S M Kammeijer, Hans Dalebout, Marco R Bladergroen, Frano Vukovic, Erdmann Rapp, Stephan R Targan, Gildardo Barron, Natalia Manetti, Anna Latiano, Dermot P B McGovern, Vito Annese, Gordan Lauc, Manfred Wuhrer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Biomarkers are needed for early detection of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) or to predict patient outcomes. Glycosylation is a common and complex post-translational modification of proteins that affects their structure and activity. We compared plasma N-glycosylation profiles between patients with CD or UC and healthy individuals (controls). METHODS: We analyzed the total plasma N-glycomes of 2635 patients with inflammatory bowel diseases and 996 controls by mass spectrometry with a linkage-specific sialic acid derivatization technique...
May 21, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792881/the-temporal-association-of-robotic-surgical-diffusion-with-overtreatment-of-the-small-renal-mass
#10
Paras H Shah, Manaf A Alom, Bradley C Leibovich, R Houston Thompson, Robert G Uzzo, Louis R Kavoussi, Lee Richstone, Bimal Bhindi, Elizabeth B Habermann, Vidhu Joshi, Stephen A Boorjian
PURPOSE: To evaluate contemporary practice patterns in the management of small renal masses. METHODS: We identified 52,804 patients within the National Cancer Database diagnosed with a small renal mass (≤4cm) between 2010-2014. Utilization trends for active surveillance, ablation, and robotic, laparoscopic, and open surgical techniques were compared among all-comers, elderly patients (≥75 years) and individuals with competing health risks (Charlson index ≥2)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792847/the-polymorphisms-of-atoh-7-et-1-and-ace-in-non-arteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#11
Ting Chen, Jin Ma, Guangliang Shan, Yong Zhong
Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is a common cause of acute optic neuropathy in the elderly. The role of the genetic polymorphisms of Atonal Homolog 7 (ATOH7), Endothelin-1 (ET-1) and Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) in NAION and the combined effects of the gene-gene and gene-medical comorbidities on NAION were not clear. We conducted a perspective, case-control study. 71 NAION patients and 142 age and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of ATOH7 (rs1900004), ET-1 (rs5370) and ACE (rs1799752) were identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method and all PCR products were screened with Sanger sequencing...
May 21, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792840/is-pregnancy-fatalism-normal-an-attitudinal-assessment-among-women-trying-to-get-pregnant-and-those-not-using-contraception
#12
Rachel K Jones
OBJECTIVES: To assess factors associated with pregnancy fatalism among U.S. adult women. STUDY DESIGN: I used data from the Change and Consistency in Contraceptive Use study, which collected information from a national sample of 4634U.S. women aged 18-39 at baseline (59% response rate). I assessed pregnancy fatalism based on agreement with the statement: "It doesn't matter whether I use birth control, when it is my time to get pregnant, it will happen." I compare fatalism among all respondents to fatalism among respondents who were trying to get pregnant and those who did not want to get pregnant but were not using contraception...
May 21, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792570/a-model-for-predicting-the-risk-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-computer-professionals
#13
Vishnu Sasikumar, Second Champakkadayil Abdul Basheer Binoosh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a model for predicting the risk of musculoskeletal disorders among computer professionals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A preliminary study with a modified Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire was conducted to identify the risk in different body parts of the professionals during their work. A discrete postural evaluation of the dynamic postures involved in the work was assessed using rapid upper limb assessment. The postural, physiological and work-related factors were considered as the attributes of the model...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792561/testimonial-psychotherapy-in-immigrant-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence-a-case-series
#14
Pooja Lakshmin, Veronica Slootsky, Peter B Polatin, James L Griffith
Testimonial psychotherapy is a therapeutic ritual for facilitating the recovery of survivors of human rights violations that focuses on sharing the trauma narrative. Originally developed in Chile as a method for collecting evidence during legal proceedings, testimonial therapy has been widely applied transculturally as a unique treatment modality for populations that are not amenable to traditional Western psychotherapy. In this case report, we first review the literature on testimonial therapy to this date...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792549/analysis-of-the-effects-of-individual-and-community-level-predictors-on-migrant-children-s-primary-immunization-in-yiwu-city-east-china
#15
Yu Hu, Yaping Chen, Liang Hui, Ying Wang
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of a wide range of individual- and community-level factors on migrant children's primary immunization. METHODS: Migrant children aged 13-24 months (born from 1 June 2013 to 31 May 2014) were surveyed in Yiwu city, in June 2015. Social-demographic factors and vaccination records were collected. Five factors at community-level including community wealth, distance to the nearest immunization clinic, maternal education, antenatal clinic (ANC) visits, and hospital delivery were constructed...
May 24, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792545/an-update-on-quality-control-for-the-pfa-100-pfa-200
#16
Emmanuel J Favaloro, Roslyn Bonar
Testing of platelet function comprises a crucial element of hemostasis assessment, particularly for investigations into bleeding and/or bruising. The Platelet Function Analyzer (PFA)-100 is the most utilized primary hemostasis-screening test system available, as recently remodeled/upgraded to the PFA-200. Internal quality control (IQC) and external quality assessment (EQA) (including proficiency testing) represent critical elements of ensuring test practice quality. Although true for all tests, IQC and EQA are logistically challenging for platelet function testing, inclusive of the PFA-100/200...
May 24, 2018: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792525/modelling-category-goodness-judgments-in-children-with-residual-sound-errors
#17
Sarah Hamilton Dugan, Noah Silbert, Tara McAllister, Jonathan L Preston, Carolyn Sotto, Suzanne E Boyce
This study investigates category goodness judgments of /r/ in adults and children with and without residual speech errors (RSEs) using natural speech stimuli. Thirty adults, 38 children with RSE (ages 7-16) and 35 age-matched typically developing (TD) children provided category goodness judgments on whole words, recorded from 27 child speakers, with /r/ in various phonetic environments. The salient acoustic property of /r/ - the lowered third formant (F3) - was normalized in two ways. A logistic mixed-effect model quantified the relationships between listeners' responses and the third formant frequency, vowel context and clinical group status...
May 24, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792368/electrophysiological-multimodal-assessments-improve-outcome-prediction-in-traumatic-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Markus Hupp, Chiara Pavese, Lucas Bachmann, Rene Koller, Martin Schubert
Outcome prediction after spinal cord injury (SCI) is essential for early counseling and orientation of the rehabilitative intervention. Moreover, prognostication of outcome is crucial to achieve meaningful stratification when conceiving clinical trials. Neurophysiological examinations are commonly employed for prognostication after SCI, but whether neurophysiology could improve the functional prognosis based on clinical predictors remains open. Data of 224 patients included in the European Multicenter Study about Spinal Cord Injury were analyzed with bootstrapping analysis and multivariate logistic regression to derive prediction models of complete functional recovery in chronic stage after traumatic cervical SCI...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792361/effect-of-blueberry-extract-carriers-and-combinations-on-the-growth-rate-of-probiotic-and-pathogenic-bacteria
#19
María Gretel Michel-Barba, Hugo Espinosa-Andrews, Rudy Antonio García-Reyes, Yves Desjardins, Marisela González-Ávila
The blueberry is recognised as a source of phenolic compounds that have beneficial effects on human health; however, they possess low bioavailability and can be degraded by gastrointestinal conditions. Encapsulation has been widely used to mitigate these disadvantages; Gum Arabic (GA) and Corn Syrup Solids (CSS) are common carriers used in this technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Blueberry Extract (BE), carriers and their mixtures on the kinetic growth and maximal growth rate of probiotics and pathogenic bacteria...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792355/patient-activation-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-cross-sectional-comparative-analysis-with-people-living-with-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Claire E Kendall, Esther S Shoemaker, Lois Crowe, Paul MacPherson, Marissa L Becker, Eleni Levreault, Lisa M Boucher, Ron Rosenes, Christine Bibeau, Philip Lundrigan, Clare E Liddy
Standardized self-management supports are an integral part of care delivery for many chronic conditions. We used the validated Patient Activation Measure (PAM®) to assess level of engagement for self-management from a sample of 165 people living with HIV (PLWH) and 163 people with diabetes. We conducted multivariable logistic regression to assess associations between demographics and PAM® scores. PLWH had high levels of activation that were no different from those of people with diabetes (mean score = 67...
May 24, 2018: AIDS Care
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