keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pacs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742916/and-then-came-the-pacs
#1
Joseph Henry Hise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742385/sequential-therapy-of-breast-cancer-cell-lines-with-vitamin-c-and-quercetin-improves-the-efficacy-of-chemotherapeutic-drugs
#2
Fatemeh Ramezani, Nasser Samadi, Zohreh Mostafavi-Pour
OBJECTIVE: Prevention by antioxidant agents including vitamin C (VC) and quercetin (QU), which are nontoxic, cost effective, and physiologically bioavailable, is a promising approach in breast cancer handling. The aim of this work is to investigate the influence of VC+QU on cytotoxicity profile of doxorubicin (DOX) plus paclitaxel (PAC) in breast cancer cells. METHODS: The effect of each drug on its own or in combination was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay...
July 25, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742381/systemic-error-in-radiology
#3
Stephen Waite, Jinel Moore Scott, Alan Legasto, Srinivas Kolla, Brian Gale, Elizabeth A Krupinski
OBJECTIVE: Interpretive errors in diagnostic imaging result in significant patient morbidity and mortality, but the importance of errors and process failures in the imaging cycle other than during image interpretation is underappreciated. In this article, we describe these errors and potential solutions, providing a framework to improve patient safety and understand the changing roles of radiologists beyond image interpretation. CONCLUSION: For comprehensive improvements to health care delivery, other failures in the cycle besides diagnostic interpretive error-such as ordering inappropriate studies, PACS failures, and a lack of accurate clinician contact information (with resultant communication failure)-should be recognized as contributors to patient harm because they lead to wasted resources and delayed care...
July 25, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733996/long-term-effectiveness-of-the-preoperative-smoking-cessation-programme-at-western-health
#4
Hugh Taylor, Amalia Karahalios, David Bramley
BACKGROUND: Smoking is associated with adverse effects in the perioperative period, including elevated risk of death. The perioperative period provides an opportunity to engage with patients who are smokers to encourage smoking cessation, often referred to as a 'teachable moment'. We developed a smoking intervention model for the pre-admission clinic (PAC) at Western Health, Victoria, Australia. This case series aimed to assess the impact of the smoking intervention model, which is standard of care, on the participant's smoking habits over four time points...
July 21, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732610/intraocular-pressure-change-after-phacoemulsification-in-angle-closure-eyes-without-medical-therapy
#5
Eray Atalay, Monisha E Nongpiur, Mani Baskaran, Shamira A Perera, Tina T Wong, Desmond Quek, Tin Aung
PURPOSE: To evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) change and associated factors 6 months after phacoemulsification in eyes with primary angle-closure suspect (PACS) and eyes with primary angle closure (PAC) that had no medical therapy. SETTING: Singapore National Eye Center, Singapore, Singapore. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients with PACS or PAC (with corrected distance visual acuity <20/40) who had uneventful phacoemulsification were recruited...
June 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730839/trpv1-receptors-contribute-to-mediate-paclitaxel-induced-c-fos-expression-in-spinal-cord-dorsal-horn-neurons
#6
N Kalynovska, P Adamek, J Palecek
Transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) receptors are important in the development of different pathological chronic pain states. Here we examined the role of spinal cord TRPV1 receptors in the mechanisms leading to activation of dorsal horn neurons after paclitaxel (PAC) treatment. PAC is a widely used chemotherapeutic drug that often leads to development of painful neuropathy. Immunohistochemical analysis of c-Fos protein expression in dorsal horn neurons was used as a marker of neuronal activation...
July 18, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729363/brg1-brahma-related-gene-1-promotes-endothelial-mrtf-transcription-to-establish-embryonic-capillary-integrity
#7
Matthew T Menendez, E-Ching Ong, Brian T Shepherd, Vijay Muthukumar, Robert Silasi-Mansat, Florea Lupu, Courtney T Griffin
OBJECTIVE: The chromatin remodeling enzyme BRG1 (brahma-related gene 1) transcriptionally regulates target genes important for early blood vessel development and primitive hematopoiesis. However, because Brg1 deletion in vascular progenitor cells results in lethal anemia by embryonic day 10.5 (E10.5), roles for BRG1 in embryonic vascular development after midgestation are unknown. In this study, we sought to determine whether endothelial cell BRG1 regulates genes important for vascular development or maintenance later in embryonic development...
July 20, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729247/adaptive-regulation-of-pancreatic-acinar-mitochondrial-thiamin-pyrophosphate-uptake-process-possible-involvement-of-epigenetic-mechanism-s
#8
Subrata Sabui, Veedamali S Subramanian, Rubina Kapadia, Hamid M Said
The essentiality of thiamin stems from its roles as a co-factor (mainly in the form of thiamin pyrophosphate, TPP) in critical metabolic reactions including oxidative energy metabolism and reduction of cellular oxidative stress. Like other mammalian cells, pancreatic acinar cells (PAC) obtain thiamin from their surroundings and convert it to TPP; mitochondria then take up TPP by a carrier-mediated process that involves the mitochondrial TPP (MTPP) transporter (MTPPT; product of SLC25A19 gene). Previous studies have characterized different physiological/biological aspects of the MTPP uptake process, but little is known about its possible adaptive-regulation...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726539/rethinking-transitions-of-care-an-interprofessional-transfer-triage-protocol-in-post-acute-care
#9
Radha V Patel, Lauri Wright, Brittany Hay
Readmissions to hospitals from post-acute care (PAC) units within long-term care settings have been rapidly increasing over the past decade, and are drivers of increased healthcare costs. With an average of $11,000 per admission, there is a need for strategies to reduce 30-day preventable hospital readmission rates. In 2018, incentives and penalties will be instituted for long-term care facilities failing to meet all-cause, all-condition hospital readmission rate performance measures. An interprofessional team (IPT) developed and implemented a Transfer Triage Protocol used in conjunction with the INTERACT programme to enhance clinical decision-making and assess the potential to reduce the facility's 30-day preventable hospital readmission rates by 10% within 6 weeks of implementation...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722427/fluorescent-chemosensor-for-selective-detection-of-phosgene-in-solutions-and-in-gas-phase
#10
Hong-Cheng Xia, Xiang-Hong Xu, Qin-Hua Song
The detection of highly toxic chemicals in a convenient, fast, and reliable manner is essential for coping with serious threats to humankind and public security caused by unexpected terrorist attacks and industrial accidents. In this paper, a highly selective fluorescent probe has been constructed through o-phenylenediamine covalently linking to coumarin (o-Pac), which can respond to phosgene in turn-on fluorescence mode. The response time is less than 0.5 min and the detection limit is as low as 3 nM in solutions...
January 27, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717599/improving-the-trajectory-of-transpedicular-transdiscal-lumbar-screw-fixation-with-a-computer-assisted-3d-printed-custom-drill-guide
#11
Zhen-Xuan Shao, Jian-Shun Wang, Zhong-Ke Lin, Wen-Fei Ni, Xiang-Yang Wang, Ai-Min Wu
Transpedicular transdiscal screw fixation is an alternative technique used in lumbar spine fixation; however, it requires an accurate screw trajectory. The aim of this study is to design a novel 3D-printed custom drill guide and investigate its accuracy to guide the trajectory of transpedicular transdiscal (TPTD) lumbar screw fixation. Dicom images of thirty lumbar functional segment units (FSU, two segments) of L1-L4 were acquired from the PACS system in our hospital (patients who underwent a CT scan for other abdomen diseases and had normal spine anatomy) and imported into reverse design software for three-dimensional reconstructions...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716493/chemical-screening-and-development-of-novel-gibberellin-mimics
#12
Kai Jiang, Hiroaki Shimotakahara, Ming Luo, Masato Otani, Hidemitsu Nakamura, Said Salama Moselhy, Khalid Omer Abualnaja, Abdulrahman Labeed Al-Malki, Taha Abduallah Kumosani, Nobutaka Kitahata, Takeshi Nakano, Masatoshi Nakajima, Tadao Asami
Gibberellin (GA) plays versatile roles in the regulation of plant growth and development and therefore is widely used as a regulator in agriculture. We performed a chemical library screening and identified a chemical, named 67D, as a stimulator of seed germination that was suppressed by paclobutrazol (PAC), a GA biosynthesis inhibitor. In vitro binding assays indicated that 67D binds to the GID1 receptor. Further studies on the structure-activity relationship identified a chemical, named chemical 6, that strongly promoted seed germination suppressed by PAC...
July 4, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715503/effects-of-preoperative-aspirin-on-perioperative-platelet-activation-and-dysfunction-in-patients-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-study
#13
Jiwon Lee, Chul-Woo Jung, Yunseok Jeon, Tae Kyong Kim, Youn Joung Cho, Chang-Hoon Koo, Yoon Hyeong Choi, Ki-Bong Kim, Ho Young Hwang, Hang-Rae Kim, Ji-Young Park
The benefit of aspirin use after coronary artery bypass graft surgery has been well proven. However, the effect of preoperative aspirin use in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCAB) has not been evaluated sufficiently. To evaluate platelet function changes during OPCAB due to preoperative aspirin use, we conducted a randomized controlled trial using flow cytometry and the Multiplate® analyzer. Forty-eight patients scheduled for elective OPCAB were randomized to the aspirin continuation (100 mg/day until operative day) and discontinuation (4 days before the operative day) groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712164/efficacy-and-toxicity-of-carboplatin-paclitaxel-based-chemoradiation-for-localized-oesophageal-cancer
#14
Maria Qubtia, Yasir Ishaq, Kiran Munawar, Farhana Badar, Ather Kazmi
BACKGROUND: The management of Oesophageal and Gastroesophageal junction cancers is challenging. Multimodality therapy with carboplatin/paclitaxel based chemoradiation (CRT) and surgery shows improved efficacy. In this study, we wanted to establish the efficacy and safety of CRT for neoadjuvant and radical treatment of localized oesophageal cancer. METHODS: Patients with oesophageal cancer, registered between September 2013 and October 2014 were reviewed retrospectively...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708601/synergistic-and-targeted-therapy-with-a-procaspase-3-activator-and-temozolomide-extends-survival-in-glioma-rodent-models-and-is-feasible-for-the-treatment-of-canine-malignant-glioma-patients
#15
Avadhut D Joshi, Rachel C Botham, Lisa J Schlein, Howard S Roth, Antonella Mangraviti, Alexandra Borodovsky, Betty Tyler, Steve Joslyn, Jayme S Looper, Michael Podell, Timothy M Fan, Paul J Hergenrother, Gregory J Riggins
PURPOSE: Glioblastoma is a deadly brain cancer with a median survival time of ~15 months. Ionizing radiation plus the DNA alkylator temozolomide (TMZ) is the current standard therapy. PAC-1, a procaspase-3 activating small molecule, is blood-brain barrier penetrant and has previously demonstrated ability to synergize with diverse pro-apoptotic chemotherapeutics. We studied if PAC-1 could enhance the activity of TMZ, and whether addition of PAC-1 to standard treatment would be feasible in spontaneous canine malignant gliomas...
July 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707529/interpretation-of-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-preliminary-study-on-comparison-with-picture-archiving-and-communication-system-pacs-and-dedicated-workstation
#16
Young Seon Kim, Jung Min Chang, Ann Yi, Sung Ui Shin, Myung Eun Lee, Won Hwa Kim, Nariya Cho, Woo Kyung Moon
OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic accuracy and efficiency in the interpretation of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) images using picture archiving and communication system (PACS) and a dedicated workstation. METHODS: A total of 97 DBT images performed for screening or diagnostic purposes were stored in both a workstation and PACS, and evaluated in combination with digital mammography by three independent radiologists retrospectively. Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System final assessments and likelihood of malignancy (%) were assigned and the interpretation time when using the workstation and PACS was recorded...
July 14, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700956/sludge-conditioning-using-the-composite-of-a-bioflocculant-and-pac-for-enhancement-in-dewaterability
#17
Junyuan Guo, Cheng Chen
This study investigated the production of a bioflocculant by using rice stover and its potential in sludge dewatering. Production of the bioflocculant was positively associated with cell growth and highest value of 2.37 g L(-1) was obtained with main backbone of polysaccharides. The bioflocculant showed good performances in sludge dewatering, after conditioned by this bioflocculant, dry solids (DS) and specific resistance to filtration (SRF) of typical wastewater activated sludge reached 19.3% and 4.8 × 10(12) m kg(-1), respectively, which were much better than the ones obtained with chemical flocculants...
June 27, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700241/direct-observation-of-pac-man-coarsening
#18
X X Yu, A Gulec, A Yoon, J M Zuo, P W Voorhees, L D Marks
We report direct observation of a "Pac-Man" like coarsening mechanism of a self-supporting thin film of nickel oxide. The ultrathin film has an intrinsic morphological instability due to surface stress leading to the development of local thicker regions at step edges. Density functional theory calculations and continuum modeling of the elastic instability support the model for the process.
July 19, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698817/the-fabrication-of-biomimetic-biphasic-can-pac-hydrogel-with-a-seamless-interfacial-layer-applied-in-osteochondral-defect-repair
#19
Jinfeng Liao, Taoran Tian, Sirong Shi, Xueping Xie, Quanquan Ma, Guo Li, Yunfeng Lin
Cartilage tissue engineering based on biomimetic scaffolds has become a rapidly developing strategy for repairing cartilage defects. In this study, a biphasic CAN-PAC hydrogel for osteochondral defect (OCD) regeneration was fabricated based on the density difference between the two layers via a thermally reactive, rapid cross-linking method. The upper hydrogel was cross-linked by CSMA and NIPAm, and the lower hydrogel was composed of PECDA, AAm and PEGDA. The interface between the two layers was first grafted by the physical cross-linking of calcium gluconate and alginate, followed by the chemical cross-linking of the carbon-carbon double bonds in the other components...
2017: Bone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697646/effects-of-perlite-and-caustic-soda-on-microorganism-activities-of-leachate-in-sequence-batch-reactor
#20
Etesam Ganjian, Majid Peyravi, Ali Asqar Qoreyshi, Mohsen Jahanshahi, Soodabeh Khalili, Ali Shokuhi Rad
The purpose of this article is to evaluate the effect of adsorbents and alkali pre-treatment on microorganism activities of activated sludge (AS) for the treatment of landfill leachate (LFL). The COD and BOD5/COD ratio of LFL used in this research were 10500 and 0.68, respectively which they show the efficient biodegradation of LFL by aerobic bacteria. In order to survey the role of porous absorbent, perlite was employed as an alternative with low porosity and was compared to powdered activated carbon (PAC) which has been most widely used in the treatment process...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Technology
keyword
keyword
3381
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"