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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782444/prevalence-of-hearing-impairment-in-mahabubnagar-district-telangana-state-india
#1
Tess Bright, Islay Mactaggart, Hannah Kuper, G V Murthy, Sarah Polack
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of hearing impairment in Mahabubnagar district, Telangana state, India. METHODS: A population-based prevalence survey of hearing impairment was undertaken in 2014. Fifty-one clusters of 80 people aged 6 months and older were selected using probability-proportionate-to-size sampling. A two-stage hearing screening was conducted using otoacoustic emissions on all participants followed by pure-tone audiometry on those aged 4 years and older who failed otoacoustic emissions...
May 16, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782336/a-review-of-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-complications
#2
Ronald R Krueger, Caio S Meister
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As a flapless procedure, SMILE brings benefits to refractive surgery, such as lower corneal biomechanical impact, less dry eye risk and less stromal bed exposure. However, the longer learning curve can be a risk factor for complications. This article aims to discuss SMILE complications and proposes a categorized analysis of occurrences, dividing into two groups: intraoperative and postoperative complications. Among intraoperative, we also suggest a subdivision between those related to the laser (lenticule construction), tissue separation (lenticule dissection) and tissue removal (lenticule extraction)...
May 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781856/neoumbilicoplasty-with-a-pedicled-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-island-flap
#3
Matthew A DelMauro, Louis-Joseph Auguste, Peter T Korn
Management of the umbilicus is a common dilemma at the time of abdominoplasty and abdominal wall reconstruction. It is not uncommon for underlying pathologies, such as hernias and surgical scars, to result in a disfigured or obliterated native umbilicus or make the blood supply to the umbilical stalk unreliable. In these scenarios, the umbilicus is often sacrificed. Staged neoumbilical reconstruction may be offered and typically utilizes a small skin flap and full-thickness skin graft (Ann Plast Surg 2009;63:358-360)...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781853/the-use-of-pedicled-perforator-flaps-in-chest-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-of-outcomes-and-reliability
#4
Anne-Sophie Florczak, Benoit Chaput, Christian Herlin, Pascal Rousseau, Eric Watier, Nicolas Bertheuil
BACKGROUND: In recent years, pedicled perforator flaps have revolutionized plastic surgery by reducing donor site morbidity and ensuring larger and deeper reconstructions with local pedicled cutaneous flaps. The aim of the study was to make a systematic review of perforator pedicled propeller flaps (PPPFs) in chest reconstruction. METHODS: Pubmed and Cochrane databases were searched from 1989 to October 2016 for articles describing the use of PPPFs in chest reconstruction...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781502/bandgap-scaling-and-negative-differential-resistance-behavior-of-zigzag-phosphorene-antidot-nanoribbons-zpanrs
#5
Santhia Carmel, Adhithan Pon, N Meenakshisundaram, R Ramesh, Arkaprava Bhattacharyya
This work examines the prospect of phosphorene antidot nanoribbons (PANRs) using the density functional based tight binding (DFTB) method. Horizontally perforated PANRs with both armchair (A) and zigzag (Z) configurations were considered for electrical simulations. Our simulation results found that the APANRs cannot be scaled down with nanoribbon width, whereas ZPANRs can be scaled easily. Bandgap scaling in terms of ribbon width, length and antidot number was thoroughly analyzed for ZPANRs. In the end, a two-terminal device was constructed and transmission analysis was performed using the non-equilibrium Green's function (NEGF) methodology...
May 21, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781208/a-useful-alternative-surgical-technique-to-reconstructing-large-defects-following-excision-of-recurrent-pilonidal-sinus-disease-in-the-intergluteal-region-an-operative-approach-for-the-transverse-lumbar-artery-perforator-flap
#6
Alethea My Tan, Zeeshan Ahmad, Charles Yy Loh, Sonya Gardiner, Bhagwat Mathur
The reconstruction of defects in the intergluteal region following pilonidal sinus excision is challenging due to its anatomical location, close proximity to the anus, and being a high-tension area prone to wound-healing problems. Excision and primary closure is known to carry a higher risk of recurrence and subsequent complications compared with using nearby local healthy tissue, such as a flap, to reconstruct defect. Extra due diligence should be given to patient selection and flap choice when deciding the reconstruction of a defect...
May 21, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780958/resorbable-and-running-suture-for-stable-fixation-of-amniotic-membrane-multilayers-a-useful-modification-in-deep-or-perforating-sterile-corneal-ulcers
#7
Constantin E Uhlig, Viktoria C Müller
Purpose: To present a modified technique for secure tightening and fixing of multilayer amniotic membranes in deep or perforating corneal ulcers. Observations: The modified procedure for application and fixation of multilayer amniotic membranes is retrospectively described step by step, and the results of three patients treated with this technique were retrospectively analysed and presented.The modification consists basically in fixing the inlays with one mini-overlay that is sutured intracorneally with resorbable and running Vicryl 10...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780655/phytobezoar-a-brief-report-with-surgical-and-radiological-correlation
#8
Sameer A Hirji, Faith C Robertson, Grace F Chao, Bharti Khurana, Jonathan D Gates
Gastrointestinal bezoars, collections of incompletely digested material within the alimentary tract, can present as a diagnostic challenge and should be considered in the differential diagnosis and management of small bowel obstruction, ischemic bowel, or bowel perforation. We present a case of a 37-year-old man with a distant history of laparotomy for superior mesenteric artery thrombosis requiring partial small bowel resection of the jejunum who presented with worsening abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and hematemesis...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780232/cerebral-arteriovenous-malformations-in-the-era-of-embolization-for-angiographic-cure-a-single-center-experience-in-egypt
#9
Mohamed K Elewa
Background: Embolization for cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) has evolved in the last decade with evolution in both equipment and material. Embolization targets have expanded to include angiographic cure. Methods: To discuss the technical and management outcomes of our first cerebral AVM case series treated with embolization. The clinical, angiographic, treatment, and outcome variables of consecutive cerebral arteriovenous malformation cases, treated with curative embolization, between January 2011 and June 2017 in one regional center, were retrospectively analyzed...
2018: Egypt J Neurol Psychiatr Neurosurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779499/efficacy-of-artemisinin-naphthoquine-phosphate-against-schistosoma-haematobium-adult-flukes-dose-effect-relationship-and-tegumental-alterations
#10
S N El-Beshbishi, S El Bardicy, M Tadros, M Ayoub, A Taman
Schistosoma haematobium and Schistosoma mansoni infections have broadly overlapping geographical distributions. Praziquantel is the only treatment for human schistosomiasis, so drug tolerance and/or resistance are major concerns. Artemisinin-naphthoquine phosphate (CO-ArNp), an artemisinin-based combination therapy endorsed by the World Health Organization as a gold standard therapy for malaria, has also been identified as a promising treatment for S. mansoni. In this in vitro study, we tested the effect of 1-40 μg/ml CO-ArNp on S...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779364/swing-door-overlay-tympanoplasty-surgical-technique-and-outcomes
#11
So Young Park, Hyuk Jae Lee, Myung Joo Shim, Dong Kee Kim, Byung Do Suh, Shi Nae Park
Objectives: The classical overlay tympanoplasty is technically difficult with some disadvantages and thus less popular. However, it is particularly useful for large, anterior perforations. In this study, we describe the technique of a modified overlay graft in the tympanoplasty coined as the swing-door overlay tympanoplasty and report its outcomes. Methods: Retrospective review of patients undergoing the swing-door overlay tympanoplasty at a tertiary referral center between 2003 and 2016 was performed...
May 22, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779221/nasojejunal-stent-technique-njst-a-new-system-to-prevent-fully-covered-metal-stent-migration-in-the-treatment-of-benign-esophageal-diseases
#12
Oscar Víctor Hernández Mondragón, Raquel Palos Cuellar, Enrique Murcio Pérez
Fully covered self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMS) have been used for the treatment of benign esophageal conditions such as perforation, leaks, and strictures [1]; high clinical success is reported [2]. Different anchoring methods have been described (clips, suturing devices, over-the-scope clips and Shim technique [2]), because of high migration rates (4-36%) [3,4]. However, not all cases are candidates, mostly in "difficult" cases where enteral feeding is needed [5]. We report the use of the nasojejunal-stent technique (NJST) to prevent migration of FCSEMS in three difficult cases...
May 19, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777889/endovascular-management-of-a-ruptured-basilar-perforator-artery-aneurysm-associated-with-a-pontine-arteriovenous-malformation-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Joseph Lockwood, Tyler Scullen, Mansour Mathkour, Ascher Kaufmann, Ricky Medel, Aaron S Dumont, Peter S Amenta
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous malformation (AVM)-associated aneurysms are common, being reported in 15% of cases. In regards to ruptured posterior fossa AVMs, associated aneurysms are present in 48% of cases and are the etiology of the bleed in 37%. We present a 75 year-old female who presented with a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) secondary to a ruptured aneurysm arising from a flow-related basilar perforator artery feeder of an anterior pontine AVM. We report the successful treatment of the aneurysm with coil embolization...
May 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777845/recanalization-after-endovenous-thermal-ablation
#14
Afsha Aurshina, Ahmad Alsheekh, Pavel Kibrik, Anil Hingorani, Natalie Marks, Enrico Ascher
OBJECTIVE: Endovenous thermal ablation in the form of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) has quickly ascended to a prime position in the treatment of venous insufficiency. While there is good data examining the rates of thrombotic complications, there is a relative paucity of data examining the recanalization rates after endovenous thermal ablation (ETA). METHODS: Data analysis was performed for 1475 thermal ablations in 485 patients from 2012-2015 as a retrospective chart review...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777786/photoselective-vaporisation-of-the-bladder-for-the-management-of-radiation-cystitis-technique-and-initial-outcomes
#15
Claire Pascoe, Daniel Christidis, Todd Manning, Benjamin W Lamb, Declan G Murphy, Nathan Lawrentschuk
Objective To describe our technique utilising photoselective vaporisation of the bladder (PVB) for the management of haemorrhagic cystitis and initial results of 12 patients. Materials and Method An audit of theatre records of a single surgeon was performed to identify patients who had undergone PVB for management of radiation-cystitis. TECHNIQUE: Rigid cystoscopy was performed. Ureteric catheters were placed and active bleeding sites targeted to optimise vision. Ablation was commenced using the vaporize function...
May 16, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777542/perforating-folliculitis-in-association-with-liver-impairment-in-a-patient-with-chronic-ductopenic-rejection-of-liver-transplant
#16
L Steele, M C Wilmot, R Mokbel, J Carton, S Wakelin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777456/distal-bowel-re-feeding-in-patients-with-proximal-jejunostomy
#17
Anand Nagar, Siddharth Mehrotra, Amitabh Yadav, Vivek Mangla, Shailendra Lalwani, Naimish Mehta, Samiran Nundy
BACKGROUND: Patients who have a proximal jejunostomy are difficult to manage because of their high stoma output which results in fluid and electrolyte imbalance with repeated hospital admissions and the necessity for expensive parenteral nutrition (PN). There are few reports on the use of re-feeding of the proximal effluents in this situation. METHODS: We here relate our experience with this manoeuvre in 35 patients between Jan 2010 and Feb 2016 who had stomas less than 120 cm away from the duodenojejunal flexure...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777352/forward-viewing-endoscope-for-ercp-in-patients-with-billroth-ii-gastrectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Tae Young Park, Chang Seok Bang, Sang Hyeon Choi, Young Joo Yang, Suk Pyo Shin, Ki Tae Suk, Gwang Ho Baik, Dong Joon Kim, Jai Hoon Yoon
BACKGROUND: The forward-viewing endoscope has been increasingly used to perform endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients who underwent Billroth II gastrectomy. This study intended to assess efficacy and safety of the forward-viewing endoscope for ERCP in Billroth II gastrectomy patients compared with conventional side-viewing endoscope using a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted for studies that evaluated the outcomes of ERCP for patients with Billroth II gastrectomy...
May 17, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775982/the-supraclavicular-artery-perforator-flap-a-comparative-study-of-imaging-techniques-used-in-preoperative-mapping
#19
Hemin Oathman Sheriff, Kawa Abdullah Mahmood, Nzar Hamawandi, Aram Jamal Mirza, Jawad Hawas, Esther Granell Moreno, Juan Antonio Clavero, Christopher Hankins, Jaume Masia
BACKGROUND:  The supraclavicular artery flap is an excellent flap for head and neck reconstruction. The aim of this study is to assess imaging techniques to define the precise vascular boundaries of this flap. METHODS:  Six imaging techniques were used for supraclavicular artery mapping in 65 cases; handheld Doppler, triplex ultrasound, computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, digital subtraction angiography, and indocyanine green angiography...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775439/facile-synthesis-of-sb2s3-mos2-heterostructure-as-anode-material-for-sodium-ion-batteries
#20
Zhendong Zhang, Jiachang Zhao, Meilan Xu, Hongxia Wang, Yanmei Gong, Jingli Xu
A novel Sb2S3/MoS2 heterostructure in which Sb2S3 nanorods are coated with MoS2 nanosheets to form core-shell structure has been fabricated via a facile two-step hydrothermal process. The Sb2S3/MoS2 heterostructure utilized as anode of sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) shows higher capacity, superior rate capability and better cycling performance compared with individual Sb2S3 nanorods and MoS2 nanosheets. Specifically, the Sb2S3/MoS2 electrode shows an initial reversible capacity of 701 mAh g-1 at the current density of 100 mA g-1, which is remained 80...
May 18, 2018: Nanotechnology
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