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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110516/the-social-determinants-and-starting-and-sustaining-quit-attempts-in-a-national-sample-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-smokers
#1
David P Thomas, Kathryn S Panaretto, Maureen Davey, Viki Briggs, Ron Borland
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether social, economic and demographic measures are associated with initiating and sustaining quit attempts in a national sample of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander smokers. METHODS: We analysed data from 759 adults who reported smoking at least weekly in the Talking About The Smokes baseline survey (April 2012 - October 2013) and completed a follow up survey a year later (August 2013 - August 2014). RESULTS: Almost none of the standard baseline socioeconomic indicators predicted making or sustaining quit attempts...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110395/relative-contribution-of-health-related-behaviours-and-chronic-diseases-to-the-socioeconomic-patterning-of-low-grade-inflammation
#2
Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, George Pounis, Amalia De Curtis, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
OBJECTIVES: To test the association of low-grade inflammation with socioeconomic status (SES) and determine the relative contribution of prevalent chronic diseases and health-related behaviours in explaining such association. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis on 19,867 subjects (age ≥35, 48.1% men) recruited within the Moli-sani study from 2005 to 2010 (Italy). A score of low-grade inflammation, including platelet and leukocyte counts, the granulocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio, and C-reactive protein was applied...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110387/caffeine-intake-during-pregnancy-in-different-intrauterine-environments-and-its-association-with-infant-anthropometric-measurements-at-3-and-6-months-of-age
#3
Thamíris Santos de Medeiros, Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Mariana Lopes de Brito, Vera Lucia Bosa, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Clécio Homrich da Silva
Objective To investigate the association between maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and infant anthropometric measurements at age 3 and 6 months. Methods Longitudinal observational study of mother-child pairs stratified into five groups: diabetic women (DM), hypertensive women (HYP), smoking mothers (SMO), mothers of infants small for gestational age (SGA), and controls (CTL). Pairs were recruited from three public hospitals in Porto Alegre, Brazil, from 2011 to 2015, using a convenience sampling strategy...
January 21, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110385/the-prevalence-of-anticitrullinated-protein-antibodies-increases-with-age-in-healthy-individuals-at-risk-for-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
D Alpizar-Rodriguez, Laure Brulhart, Ruediger B Mueller, Burkhard Möller, Jean Dudler, Adrian Ciurea, Ulrich A Walker, Ines Von Mühlenen, Diego Kyburz, Pascal Zufferey, Michael Mahler, Sylvette Bas, Danielle Gascon, Céline Lamacchia, Pascale Roux-Lombard, Kim Lauper, Michael J Nissen, Delphine S Courvoisier, Cem Gabay, Axel Finckh
Transition from genetic risk to the development of systemic autoimmunity associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is considered a key step for the development of RA and often referred to as the immune onset of the disease. The aim of this study is to identify predictors for the presence of anticitrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) as a marker of systemic autoimmunity associated with RA in a high-risk population, an ongoing cohort of first-degree relatives of patients with RA. We assessed the presence of ACPA in individuals without clinical evidence of RA...
January 21, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110343/sex-related-cochlear-impairment-in-cigarette-smokers
#5
Grażyna Lisowska, Jerzy Jochem, Agata Gierlotka, Maciej Misiołek, Wojciech Ścierski
BACKGROUND A number of studies have documented the influence of cigarette smoking on hearing. However, the association between sex and hearing impairment in smokers as measured by otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) has not been clearly established. The aim of this study was to analyze sex-specific effects of smoking on hearing via conventional and ultra-high-frequency pure tone audiometry (PTA), and OAEs, specifically spontaneous OAEs, click-evoked OAEs, and distortion-product OAEs. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included 84 healthy volunteers aged 25-45 years (mean 34), among them 46 women (25 non-smokers and 21 smokers) and 38 men (16 non-smokers and 22 smokers)...
January 22, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110211/methyl-mercury-but-not-inorganic-mercury-associated-with-higher-blood-pressure-during-pregnancy
#6
Ellen M Wells, Julie B Herbstman, Yu Hong Lin, Joseph R Hibbeln, Rolf U Halden, Frank R Witter, Lynn R Goldman
Prior studies addressing associations between mercury and blood pressure have produced inconsistent findings; some of this may result from measuring total instead of speciated mercury. This cross-sectional study of 263 pregnant women assessed total mercury, speciated mercury, selenium, and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in umbilical cord blood and blood pressure during labor and delivery. Models with a) total mercury or b) methyl and inorganic mercury were evaluated. Regression models adjusted for maternal age, race/ethnicity, prepregnancy body mass index, neighborhood income, parity, smoking, n-3 fatty acids and selenium...
January 18, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110159/manganese-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-in-japan-baseline-data-from-the-kyushu-okinawa-maternal-and-child-health-study
#7
Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
BACKGROUND: One epidemiological study in Canada has addressed the association between zinc intake and depressive symptoms during pregnancy while another epidemiological study in Korea has examined the association between iron intake and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. The present cross-sectional study in Japan examined the association between intake of zinc, magnesium, iron, copper, and manganese and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. METHODS: Study subjects were 1745 pregnant women...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110154/factors-associated-with-electronic-cigarette-use-among-current-cigarette-smoking-adolescents-in-the-republic-of-korea
#8
Sunhee Park, Haein Lee, Soyoon Min
OBJECTIVE: Despite a rapid increase in electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and substantial dual use of cigarettes and e-cigarettes among adolescents, little is currently known about adolescent e-cigarette use. Thus, this study aimed to investigate (a) rates of e-cigarette use and (b) significant factors associated with e-cigarette use among current cigarette users in adolescence. METHODS: We analyzed secondary data collected from a nationally representative sample of Korean adolescents...
January 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110134/concentrations-of-fluoride-in-water-and-plasma-for-us-children-and-adolescents-data-from-nhanes-2013-2014
#9
Ram B Jain
For the first time, for 2013-2014, as part of ongoing National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, data for fluoride concentrations in water and plasma for U.S. children and adolescents were released in the public domain. This study was undertaken to investigate how fluoride concentrations vary in water and plasma with age, gender, race/ethnicity, housing ownership, use of prescription fluoride drops and/or tablets, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, and recent use of tobacco products (among adolescents)...
January 17, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110016/spatial-characteristics-of-urinary-btex-concentrations-in-the-general-population
#10
Xanthi Tsangari, Xanthi D Andrianou, Agapios Agapiou, Pawel Mochalski, Konstantinos C Makris
Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o-, m-, and p-xylenes (BTEX) are ubiquitous outdoor and indoor air pollutants associated with both environmental and health effects. The objective of this exploratory study was to determine the magnitude and variability of urinary BTEX levels among residents of two areas located in the same city (Nicosia, Cyprus). The two areas differed with respect to their proximity to an industrial cluster and an intercity-highway. First morning urine voids were collected during a random campaign from selected households in the two urban areas (n = 48)...
January 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109825/trends-in-coronary-risk-factors-and-electrocardiogram-findings-from-1977-to-2009-with-10-year-mortality-in-japanese-elderly-males-the-tanushimaru-study
#11
Sachiko Nakamura, Hisashi Adachi, Mika Enomoto, Ako Fukami, Eita Kumagai, Yume Nohara, Shoko Kono, Erika Nakao, Akiko Sakaue, Tomoko Tsuru, Nagisa Morikawa, Yoshihiro Fukumoto
BACKGROUND: An understanding of the trends in regard to coronary risk factors and electrocardiogram (ECG) findings has an important role in public health. We investigated the trends in coronary risk factors and main ECG findings in 1977, 1989, 1999, and 2009 in the Japanese cohort of the Seven Countries Study, in Tanushimaru, a typical farming town on Kyushu Island. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1397 subjects (231 in 1977, 332 in 1989, 389 in 1999, and 445 in 2009) were enrolled in this study, and all of them were males aged over 65 years...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109710/univariate-predictors-of-maternal-concentrations-of-environmental-chemicals-the-mirec-study
#12
Antoine Lewin, Tye E Arbuckle, Mandy Fisher, Chun Lei Liang, Leonora Marro, Karelyn Davis, Nadia Abdelouahab, William D Fraser
BACKGROUND: The developing fetus and pregnant woman can be exposed to a variety of environmental chemicals that may adversely affect their health. Moreover, environmental exposure and risk disparities are associated with different social determinants, including socioeconomic status (SES) and demographic indicators. Our aim was to investigate whether and how maternal concentrations of a large panel of persistent and non-persistent environmental chemicals vary according to sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics in a large pregnancy and birth cohort...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109704/nicotine-promotes-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-secretion-by-human-trophoblast-cells-under-hypoxic-conditions-and-improves-the-proliferation-and-tube-formation-capacity-of-human-umbilical-endothelial-cells
#13
Hongbo Zhao, Lanxiang Wu, Yahui Wang, Jiayi Zhou, Ruixia Li, Jiabing Zhou, Zehua Wang, Congjian Xu
Pre-eclampsia, characterized as defective uteroplacental vascularization, remains the major cause of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. Previous epidemiological studies demonstrated that cigarette smoking reduced the risk of pre-eclampsia. However, the molecular mechanism remains elusive. In the present study, it is demonstrated that a low dose of nicotine decreased soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (sFlt1) secretion in human trophoblast cells under hypoxic conditions. Nicotine was then observed to promote vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion by reducing sFlt1 secretion and increasing VEGF mRNA transcription...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109691/erectile-dysfunction-in-male-adults-with-atopic-dermatitis-and-psoriasis
#14
Alexander Egeberg, Peter R Hansen, Gunnar H Gislason, Lone Skov, Jacob P Thyssen
INTRODUCTION: Patients with psoriasis have increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but data on atopic dermatitis (AD) are less clear-cut. However, it is well-established that erectile dysfunction (ED) can serve as a risk marker for coronary disease. AIM: To investigate the incidence, prevalence, and risk of ED in men with psoriasis and AD. METHODS: The sample included all Danish men at least 30 years old. In patients with AD and psoriasis, we determined disease severity based on use of systemic therapy...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109577/traditional-cardiovascular-risk-factors-or-inflammation-which-factors-accelerate-atherosclerosis-in-arthritis-patients
#15
A Dalbeni, A Giollo, A Tagetti, S Atanasio, G Orsolini, G Cioffi, F Ognibeni, M Rossini, P Minuz, C Fava, O Viapiana
: Patients with chronic inflammatory arthritis experience an increased incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events. In addition to visualizing atherosclerotic plaques, ultrasound examinations (USs) of the carotid arteries permit the measurement of subclinical markers of atherosclerosis, such as intima-media thickness (cIMT) and carotid segmental distensibility (cDC). The aims of the study were to identify the determinants of atherosclerosis acceleration (plaques, cIMT and cDC) in a sample of patients suffering from chronic arthritis and to compare these patients with a control group of people with ≤1 traditional risk factor (TRF) for CV disease...
January 14, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109489/impact-of-environmental-volatile-organic-compounds-on-otitis-media-in-children-correlation-between-exposure-and-urinary-metabolites
#16
So Young Kim, Bu-Soon Son, Hee-Jin Park, Seung Ha Oh, Jun Ho Lee, Myung-Hwan Suh, Moo Kyun Park
INTRODUCTION: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) induce inflammatory responses. Tobacco smoke contains numerous VOCs and is a risk factor for otitis media effusion (OME); however, no previous studies have investigated the association between VOCs and OME. OBJECTIVES: We used urinary metabolites and exposure to environmental risk factors to investigate the association between VOC and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure and recurrent OME in children. METHODS: Children with recurrent OME who visited the Otorhinolaryngology Department of Seoul National University Hospital between November 2014 and June 2015 were prospectively enrolled in the study...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109471/smoking-status-regulates-a-novel-panel-of-piwi-interacting-rnas-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#17
Aswini R Krishnan, Avinaash Korrapati, Angela E Zou, Yuanhao Qu, Xiao Qi Wang, Joseph A Califano, Jessica Wang-Rodriguez, Scott M Lippman, Melbourne F Hovell, Weg M Ongkeko
OBJECTIVE: Smoking remains a primary etiological factor in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Given that non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), including PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), have emerged as mediators of initiation and progression in head and neck malignancies, we undertook a global study of piRNA expression patterns in smoking-associated HNSCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using RNA-sequencing data from 256 current smoker and lifelong nonsmoker samples in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we analyzed the differential expression patterns of 27,127 piRNAs across patient cohorts stratified by tobacco use, with HPV16 status and tumor status taken into account...
February 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109259/unfavourable-risk-factor-control-after-coronary-events-in-routine-clinical-practice
#18
Elise Sverre, Kari Peersen, Einar Husebye, Erik Gjertsen, Lars Gullestad, Torbjørn Moum, Jan Erik Otterstad, Toril Dammen, John Munkhaugen
BACKGROUND: Risk factor control after a coronary event in a recent European multi-centre study was inadequate. Patient selection from academic centres and low participation rate, however, may underscore failing risk factor control in routine clinical practice. Improved understanding of the patient factors that influence risk factor control is needed to improve secondary preventive strategies. The objective of the present paper was to determine control of the major risk factors in a coronary population from routine clinical practice, and how risk factor control was influenced by the study factors age, gender, number of coronary events, and time since the index event...
January 21, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109189/parents-and-peers-normative-influence-on-adolescents-smoking-results-from-a-swiss-italian-sample-of-middle-schools-students
#19
Francesca Scalici, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND AND METHOD: Adolescents observe and imitate people to whom they are associated in their social context, and the normative factors sent out by reference groups are crucial determinants of their decision to smoke. The aim of the study is to investigate how adolescents' smoking changes when they are exposed to factors of pro-smoking normative influence by parents and peers, and how age moderate this relation. A cross sectional survey collected data from 5657 students, aged between 11 and 14, from public and private middle schools in the Italian region of Switzerland (Ticino) on their smoking habits, perceived parents' and peers' approval and smoking...
January 21, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108995/relationships-between-exercise-smoking-habit-and-mortality-in-more-than-100-000-adults
#20
Gary O'Donovan, Mark Hamer, Emmanuel Stamatakis
Exercise is associated with reduced risks of all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and cancer mortality; however, the benefits in smokers and ex-smokers are unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between exercise, smoking habit and mortality. Self-reported exercise and smoking, and all-cause, CVD, and cancer mortality were assessed in 106,341 adults in the Health Survey for England and the Scottish Health Survey. There were 9149 deaths from all causes, 2839 from CVD, and 2634 from cancer during 999,948 person-years of follow-up...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
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