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Diaper dermatitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429768/are-senna-based-laxatives-safe-when-used-as-long-term-treatment-for-constipation-in-children
#1
Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Alessandra C Gasior, Nicole Toocheck, Laura Weaver, Richard J Wood, Carlos A Reck, Andrea Wagner, Erin Hoover, Renae Gagnon, Jordon Jaggers, Tassiana Maloof, Onnalisa Nash, Charae Williams, Marc A Levitt
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Senna is a stimulant laxative commonly used by pediatricians, pediatric gastroenterologists, and pediatric surgeons. Many clinicians avoid Senna for reasons such as tolerance or side effects but this has little scientific justification. We recently found several patients we were caring for developed perineal blistering during the course of Senna treatment. Because of this we chose to review the literature to identify side effects in children taking this medication as well as to analyze our Center's experience with Senna's secondary effects...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428583/independent-risk-factors-for-the-development-of-incontinence-associated-dermatitis-category-2-in-critically-ill-patients-with-fecal-incontinence-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-in-48-icu-units
#2
Nele Van Damme, Els Clays, Sofie Verhaeghe, Ann Van Hecke, Dimitri Beeckman
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients suffering from fecal incontinence have a major risk of developing incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD). The presence of moisture and digestive enzymes (lipase, protease) negatively influences skin barrier function. Additional risk factors will make some patients even more vulnerable than others. In order to provide (cost) effective prevention, this specific patient population should be identified timely. OBJECTIVES: To identify independent risk factors for the development of IAD category 2 (skin loss) in critically ill patients with fecal incontinence...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298826/granuloma-glutaeale-infantum-a-re-emerging-complication-of-diaper-dermatitis
#3
Rita Ramos Pinheiro, Eugénia Matos-Pires, Juliana Baptista, André Lencastre
Granuloma gluteale infantum is a rare nodular complication of irritant diaper dermatitis. The association of this condition with the widespread use of nondisposable cloth diapers has been increasingly recognized. We present the case of an 18-month-old girl with granuloma gluteale infantum. Our aims are to emphasize the importance of clinical recognition of this re-emerging complication of diaper dermatitis and to point out the potential role of topical calcineurin inhibitors as a treatment option.
January 3, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181960/a-starch-glycyrretinic-zinc-oxide-and-bisabolol-based-cream-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-mild-to-moderate-atopic-dermatitis-in-children-a-three-center-assessor-blinded-trial
#4
Amelia Licari, Giulia Ruffinazzi, Maria DE Filippo, Riccardo Castagnoli, Alessia Marseglia, Fabio Agostinis, Mario Puviani, Massimo Milani, Gian L Marseglia
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a very common chronic inflammatory and eczematous skin condition characterized by flares and remissions. Skin barrier alteration or dysfunction is the most relevant patogenetic factor. Topical corticosteroids are the mainstay treatment of AD, especially during flare periods. The daily use of emollients and moisturizers is also considered a relevant adjunctive strategy to improve skin barrier function and skin appearance in AD patients. Long-term use of topical corticosteroids is associated with important drawbacks and side effects...
December 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166675/perianal-dermatitis-its-incidence-and-patterns-of-topical-therapies-in-a-level-iv-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#5
Anuj Malik, Emily Witsberger, Lesley Cottrell, Autumn Kiefer, Panitan Yossuck
Objective To define the incidence of perianal dermatitis (PD) and determine the usage pattern and cost efficacy of diaper products among neonates admitted to a level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) including those with a diagnosis of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Methods A retrospective cohort study to evaluate neonates with PD based on number of orders for Aquaphor, Bagbalm, Desitin, Flanders, or Nystatin. Various demographic and clinical parameters were recorded. Usage patterns of these five products were analyzed, and their costs estimated...
November 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986935/diagnosis-and-management-of-diaper-dermatitis-in-infants-with-emphasis-on-skin-microbiota-in-the-diaper-area
#6
REVIEW
Maja Šikić Pogačar, Uroš Maver, Nataša Marčun Varda, Dušanka Mičetić-Turk
Diaper dermatitis is the most common inflammatory skin eruption within the diaper area in infants and toddlers. Although it rarely causes problems for prolonged periods of time, it causes considerable distress for both infants and parents. Diapered skin is exposed to friction, excessive hydration, varying pH, and is in constant contact with urine and feces, both of which are highly irritant to the skin. The three most common types of diaper dermatitis include chaffing dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis, and diaper candidiasis...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983938/effects-of-moisturizing-skincare-on-skin-barrier-function-and-the-prevention-of-skin-problems-in-3-month-old-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Kaori Yonezawa, Megumi Haruna, Masayo Matsuzaki, Mie Shiraishi, Reiji Kojima
An effective newborn skincare protocol has not been established. We aimed to evaluate the effects of moisturizing skincare, including using lotion and reducing routine bathing. Our hypothesis was that moisturizing skincare would improve skin barrier function. This randomized controlled trial included 227 healthy Asian newborns between 1 week and 3 months old. We compared moisturizing skincare (bathing every 2 days and using lotion daily; intervention, n = 113) to daily bathing without lotion (control, n = 114)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982663/hand-foot-mouth-disease-mimicking-diaper-dermatitis
#8
Iria Neri, Andrea Sechi, Miriam Leuzzi, Marco Adriano Chessa, Annalucia Virdi, Annalisa Patrizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951694/efficacy-of-topical-coriandrum-sativum-extract-on-treatment-of-infants-with-diaper-dermatitis-a-single-blinded-non-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Ladan Dastgheib, Narjes Pishva, Nasrin Saki, Soghra Khabnadideh, Bahareh Kardeh, Fatemeh Torabi, Shahram Arabnia, Alireza Heiran
Diaper dermatitis is a common disorder. Coriandrum sativum is a herbal remedy with anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-microbial and anti-oxidant activities effects. In this non randomised clinical trial which was performed on 58 infants with diaper dermatitis referred to Faghihi Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, the efficacy and safety of topical Coriandrum extract cream is compared with hydrocortisone ointment. Coriandrum sativum extract cream was administered for 37 (intervention group) and hydrocortisone 1% ointment for 21 (control group) patients...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940705/bullous-diaper-dermatitis-with-cloth-diaper-use
#10
Katya Harfmann, Amy Y Chen, Patricia Witman
Irritant diaper dermatitis occurs at a higher frequency with cloth diaper use than disposable diapers. We present four cases of vesiculobullous, erosive diaper dermatitis occurring in older infants and toddlers with cloth diaper use that resolved completely after transitioning to disposable diapers. This is the first report of vesicles and bullae as a type of irritant diaper dermatitis.
September 21, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667496/skin-health-connected-to-the-use-of-absorbent-hygiene-products-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Johanna Karlsson Bender, Jan Faergemann, Maria Sköld
Over the past 50 years, absorbent hygiene products such as baby diapers and incontinence products have become essential features of modern day life. Through innovation and enhanced technology, their design, composition and performance have been dramatically upgraded from their early forms, and they have transformed the lives of millions of people, improving their quality of life. Skin health related to the use of absorbent hygiene products has accordingly also greatly improved. Still, the wearing of absorbent hygiene products will affect the skin, and for some users the changes in microclimate, mechanical interactions and the exposure to urine and faeces may result in irritant contact dermatitis, i...
September 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626535/assessment-effect-of-breast-milk-on-diaper-dermatitis
#12
Bahar Seifi, Sheida Jalali, Mohammad Heidari
Diaper dermatitis is the most common dermatological disease of infancy, which occurs and caused by the combined effect of irritants such as diaper, urine and faces. In this study, we intend to evaluate the effect of breast milk on the healing of diaper dermatitis. This study was a clinical trial of 30 infants between 0-12 months of age that were suffering from diaper dermatitis and referred to the Health Centers in Tehran, Iran. The subjects were selected by open study. Infants were divided into two matched groups: case and control...
March 13, 2017: Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523895/skin-ph-and-transepidermal-water-loss-values-in-children-with-diaper-dermatitis-in-ibadan-nigeria
#13
Adewale Owa, Regina Oladokun, Kikelomo Osinusi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Diaper dermatitis (DD) is one of the most common skin conditions in infants and young children. Among the factors associated with greater frequency of DD are high skin pH and transepidermal water loss (TEWL). This study examined the prevalence of DD in healthy black children in Nigeria and evaluated the association between skin surface pH, TEWL, and DD in this population. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and involved children younger than 2 years attending eight immunization clinics in Ibadan, Nigeria (N = 424)...
May 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438923/reduced-concentration-clavulanate-for-young-children-with-acute-otitis-media
#14
Alejandro Hoberman, Jack L Paradise, Howard E Rockette, Jong-Hyeon Jeong, Diana H Kearney, Sonika Bhatnagar, Timothy R Shope, Gysella Muñiz, Judith M Martin, Marcia Kurs-Lasky, MaryAnn Haralam, Marcia A Pope, Jennifer P Nagg, Wenchen Zhao, Mohammad Kowser Miah, Jan Beumer, Raman Venkataramanan, Nader Shaikh
Amoxicillin-clavulanate (A/C) is currently the most effective oral antimicrobial in treating children with acute otitis media (AOM), but the standard dosage of 90 mg amoxicillin/6.4 mg clavulanate/kg of body weight/day commonly causes diarrhea. We examined whether an A/C formulation containing lower concentrations of clavulanate would result in less diarrhea while maintaining plasma levels of amoxicillin and clavulanate adequate to eradicate middle-ear pathogens and to achieve clinical success. We conducted an open-label study in children with AOM who were 6 to 23 months of age...
July 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420253/myths-on-chemical-burns-in-the-diaper-area
#15
Kara Shah
Over the past several years, a number of articles and online posts have circulated on the Internet associating use of disposable and cloth diapers with chemical burns on babies' skin. Because both mild chemical burns and diaper dermatitis (diaper rash) can cause skin redness and peeling, it is not surprising that some confusion has arisen regarding the association between these two conditions. However, diapers cannot cause chemical burns because they are made of inert materials. Diaper rash and chemical burns are distinct conditions that require different evaluation and treatment, which is why it is important for pediatricians to help parents understand the difference...
May 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420252/diaper-dermatitis-facts-and-misinformation
#16
Russell W Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420251/differential-diagnosis-of-diaper-dermatitis
#17
Bernard Cohen
Mild diaper dermatitis often occurs in children before toilet training is complete, particularly from 9 to 12 months of age, and the most common presentation is an irritant contact dermatitis. Diaper dermatitis may account for up to 25% of dermatology visits to health care providers during the first year of life. Fortunately, since the introduction of hypoallergenic, superabsorbent modern disposable diapers, the incidence and severity of irritant and allergic contact dermatitis has decreased dramatically. Diaper dermatitis broadly refers to skin disorders that occur in the diaper area, such as skin eruptions triggered by diapers, rashes exacerbated by the diaper, and other events that occur in the diaper area...
May 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300437/botanicals-with-dermatologic-properties-derived-from-first-nations-healing
#18
Sophia Colantonio, Jason K Rivers
INTRODUCTION: Plants and algae have played a central role in the treatment of skin conditions in both traditional First Nations healing and in modern dermatology. The objective of this study was to examine the evidence supporting the dermatological use of seaweed, witch hazel, bearberry, and mayapple. METHODS: Four plants and algae used in traditional First Nations treatments of skin disease were selected based on expert recommendations. Several databases were searched to identify relevant citations without language restrictions...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196316/common-skin-conditions-in-children-neonatal-skin-lesions
#19
REVIEW
Brian Z Rayala, Dean S Morrell
Skin findings during the initial month of life are ubiquitous. One study estimated that more than 95% of newborns have cutaneous findings, which often are distressing to parents but frequently are benign and self-limited. Among them are milia, cutis marmorata, congenital dermal melanocytosis, and the benign neonatal pustular eruptions (eg, benign cephalic pustulosis, erythema toxicum neonatorum, transient neonatal pustular melanosis). Clinicians need to recognize these benign skin conditions and differentiate them from more serious conditions, such as infectious pustular eruptions from bacterial, viral, and fungal causes, and inflammatory conditions, such as Langerhans cell histiocytosis...
February 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166618/jacquet-erosive-diaper-dermatitis-with-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-colonization
#20
Roberto Cecchi, Laura Bartoli, Luigi Brunetti, Giovanni Troiano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
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