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Maladaptive postoperative behavioural changes in children

Lynn M Breau, Chantel Burkitt
Children with intellectual and developmental disabilities suffer more often from pain than their typically developing peers. Their pain can be difficult to manage, and assessment is often complicated by their limited communication skills, multiple complex pain problems and the presence of maladaptive behaviours. However, current research does provide some guidance for assessing their pain. Although self-report is an alternative for a small number of higher-functioning children, observational measures have the most consistent evidence to support their use at this time...
March 2009: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
I Constant
The practice of paediatric anaesthesia has changed during the last 25 years, with a noticeable reduction of mortality and serious morbidity. This improvement results in part from the use of new anaesthetic agents which large therapeutic interval regarding cardiovascular effects. Parallel to this advance and following experimental or clinical studies in neurosciences, some new concerns have emerged regarding short and long time consequences of anaesthesia. Indeed, postoperative hyperalgesia due to opioids, emergence agitation and postoperative maladaptive behavioural changes are widely described in children, in the same way the potential epileptogenic effect of sevoflurane is demonstrated...
June 2007: Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie et de Rèanimation
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