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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028860/-man-some-a-review-of-male-facial-aging-and-beauty
#1
Terrence Colin Keaney
<p>Gender plays a significant role in determining facial anatomy and behavior, both of which are key factors in the aging process. Understanding the pattern of male facial aging is critical when planning aesthetic treatments on men. Men develop more severe rhytides in a unique pattern, show increased periocular aging changes, and are more prone to hair loss. What also needs to be considered when planning a treatment is what makes men beautiful or "man-some". Male beauty strikes a balance between masculine and feminine facial features...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028795/alx4-relays-sequential-fgf-signaling-to-induce-lacrimal-gland-morphogenesis
#2
Ankur Garg, Mukesh Bansal, Noriko Gotoh, Gen-Sheng Feng, Jian Zhong, Fen Wang, Ariana Kariminejad, Steven Brooks, Xin Zhang
The sequential use of signaling pathways is essential for the guidance of pluripotent progenitors into diverse cell fates. Here, we show that Shp2 exclusively mediates FGF but not PDGF signaling in the neural crest to control lacrimal gland development. In addition to preventing p53-independent apoptosis and promoting the migration of Sox10-expressing neural crests, Shp2 is also required for expression of the homeodomain transcription factor Alx4, which directly controls Fgf10 expression in the periocular mesenchyme that is necessary for lacrimal gland induction...
October 13, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992656/-sop-standarized-procedures-in-diagnostics-and-therapies-of-periocular-basal-cell-carcinoma
#3
Vinodh Kakkassery, Ludwig M Heindl
The basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the malignant eye tumor with the highest incidence. The aim of this article is to present a systematic and standardized approach to diagnose, treat and care periocular basal cell carcinoma. Interpretation of clinical signs, diagnostic tools to identify periocular BCC and interpretation lead to the appropriate choice of therapy. Surgical removal with a histological R0 resection is an important component of therapy options in this disease and includes the microsurgical excision into healthy tissue and the subsequent covering of the defect...
October 9, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991344/combined-oral-and-topical-beta-blockers-for-the-treatment-of-early-proliferative-superficial-periocular-infantile-capillary-hemangioma
#4
Hatem M Marey, Hesham F Elmazar, Sameh S Mandour, Hany A Khairy
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of combined oral and topical beta blockers for the treatment of superficial periocular infantile hemangioma at the early proliferative stage. METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled comparison trial involving 25 patients. Patients were randomly enrolled into two groups: the topical and systemic treatment and systemic treatment only groups. The topical and systemic treatment group was treated with oral propranolol (1 mg/kg per day initially, increased to 2 mg/kg per day gradually in 2 weeks) and timolol maleate 0...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954024/assessment-of-eye-drop-instillation-technique-in-glaucoma-patients
#5
Beatriz Fiuza Gomes, Angela Flores Paredes, Nathália Madeira, Haroldo Vieira Moraes, Marcony R Santhiago
Purpose: To study the technique of eye drop instillation in glaucoma patients and identify independent factors that may influence their performance. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 71 consecutive patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension, self-administering topical anti-glaucoma medications for ≥6 months were evaluated. All patients instilled a tear substitute into the eye with the worst eyesight using the technique normally used at home. The following parameters were evaluated: age, number of years receiving treatment with ocular hypotensive eye drops, time spent to instill the first drop, number of drops instilled, correct location of the eye drops, contact of the bottle with the eye, closing of the eyelids or occlusion of the tear punctum, and asepsis of the hands...
July 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941512/eyelid-and-periorbital-soft-tissue-trauma
#6
REVIEW
Audrey C Ko, Kellie R Satterfield, Bobby S Korn, Don O Kikkawa
Facial trauma often involves injuries to the eyelid and periorbital region. Management of these injuries can be challenging due to the involvement of multiple complex anatomic structures that are in close proximity. Restoration of normal anatomic relationships of the eyelids and periocular structures is essential for optimum functional and aesthetic outcome after trauma. This review provides an overview of the current literature involving soft tissue trauma of the eyelid and periorbital tissue, and highlights key steps in patient evaluation and management with various types of injuries...
November 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940297/periocular-cutaneous-oncocytoma
#7
S Menzies, D McKenna, P Hartel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931417/sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-periocular-merkel-cell-carcinoma-a-case-report
#8
Dan C Filitis, Gyorgy Paragh, Faramarz H Samie, Nathalie C Zeitouni
BACKGROUND: The National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines for Merkel cell carcinoma recommend performance of the sentinel lymph node biopsy in all patients with clinically negative nodal disease for staging and treatment. Nevertheless, sentinel lymph node biopsy in the periocular region is debated as tumors are typically smaller and lymphatic variability can make performance procedurally problematic. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a Caucasian patient in their seventies who presented with a 1...
September 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913505/periorbital-facial-rejuvenation-applied-anatomy-and-pre-operative-assessment
#9
REVIEW
Mohsen Bahmani Kashkouli, Parya Abdolalizadeh, Navid Abolfathzadeh, Hamed Sianati, Maria Sharepour, Yasaman Hadi
PURPOSE: Since different subspecialties are currently performing a variety of upper facial rejuvenation procedures, and the level of knowledge on the ocular and periocular anatomy and physiology is different, this review aims to highlight the most important preoperative examinations and tests with special attention to the eye and periocular adnexal structures for general ophthalmologist and specialties other than oculo-facial surgeons in order to inform them about the fine and important points that should be considered before surgery to have both cosmetic and functional improvement...
September 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913290/delayed-onset-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-infection-at-18-months-after-absorbable-plate-fixation-for-zygomaticomaxillary-complex-fracture
#10
Hyun Rok Lee, Hea Kyeong Shin, Dong Lark Lee, Gyu Yong Jung
None of the reports of delayed infection mentioned a latent period exceeding 13 months. we report an infection that developed 18 months after implantation of an absorbable plate. A 16-year-old adolescent girl had undergone reduction and fixation with an absorbable plate for Lefort I and zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures 18 months prior at our hospital. In her most recent hospital visit as an outpatient, abscess was observed in periocular area. Computed tomography revealed sinusitis with an abscess above the infraorbital rim...
December 2016: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902011/meibomian-gland-dysfunction-associated-with-periocular-radiotherapy
#11
Young Jun Woo, JaeSang Ko, Yong Woo Ji, Tae-Im Kim, Jin Sook Yoon
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of periocular radiotherapy on meibomian glands. METHODS: We evaluated 28 patients (40 eyes) who received radiotherapy (RT group) for conjunctival or orbital lymphoma and 30 age-matched control subjects (60 eyes). Subjects underwent slit-lamp examination of the eyelids, Schirmer test, meibography, and evaluation of tear film breakup time (TBUT), Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) scores, meibomian glands evaluation (meiboscore, meibum expressibility, and lid margin abnormality scores), and tear film lipid layer thickness using an ocular surface interferometer...
September 8, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898915/-current-therapies-in-superficial-malignant-tumors
#12
Simone Luisa Scholz, Anja Eckstein, Dirk Dekowski, Joachim Esser, Henrike Westekemper, Klaus P Steuhl
This article is a review of diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities in common epibulbar malignant tumors, such as basal cell carcinoma, conjunctival lymphoma, squamous cell carcinoma and conjunctival melanoma. Most importantly, for every tumor patient there is a detailed anamnesis, split lamp examination and photo documentation. Further regular controls after therapy are required due to the risk of recurrences.Basal cell carcinoma is the most common tumor of the periocular skin, divided into three subtypes (nodular, superficial and morphea)...
September 12, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894662/acellular-dermal-matrix-treating-periocular-melanoma-in-a-patient-with-xeroderma-pigmentosa
#13
Kamlen Pillay, Saleigh Adams, Laura Vandermaesen, Donald Anthony Hudson
We report a 7-year-old girl with xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), who presented in our clinic with a large melanoma (35 × 50 × 20 mm, Breslow depth 18 mm) in the zygomatic-malar area. Palliative surgery was performed to maintain her residual vision and to reduce the pain caused by the compression of local structures. Because of the limited access of autologous skin grafts in pediatric patients with XP who are severely affected, we opted to use an acellular dermal matrix. There was 100% graft uptake, and the pain due to compression by the tumor was alleviated...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891728/bioengineered-dermal-substitutes-for-the-management-of-traumatic-periocular-tissue-loss
#14
Tiffany A Chen, Juan A Ayala-Haedo, Nathan W Blessing, Katie Topping, Chrisfouad R Alabiad, Benjamin P Erickson
PURPOSE: Traumatic periocular injuries occasionally result in significant soft tissue loss, for which there are limited management options that provide satisfactory cosmetic and functional outcomes. The authors describe the use of a bioengineered dermal substitute (Integra® Dermal Regeneration Template [DRT], Integra LifeSciences, Plainsboro, NJ) as an alternative to immediate flap reconstruction or skin grafting. METHODS: Retrospective interventional case series of patients who underwent DRT placement for periocular tissue loss at the time of trauma...
September 11, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887117/analysis-of-cytokine-levels-in-tears-and-clinical-correlations-after-intense-pulsed-light-treating-meibomian-gland-dysfunction
#15
Ruixing Liu, Bei Rong, Ping Tu, Yun Tang, Wenjing Song, Toyos Rolando, Toyos Melissa, Xiaoming Yan
PURPOSE: To investigate the change from baseline of inflammatory markers in tears of dry eye disease(DED) subjects due to meibomian gland dysfunction(MGD) after IPL(intense pulsed light) treatment and meibomian gland expression(MGE) compared to sham treatment, and the correlations with ocular surface parameters. DESIGN: Randomized, double-masked, controlled study. METHODS: Those randomized into the active treatment arm received 3 consecutive treatments(14∼16J/cm(2)) approximately 4 weeks apart in the periocular region...
September 5, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852825/incarceration-of-the-inferior-oblique-muscle-branch-of-the-oculomotor-nerve-in-patients-with-orbital-floor-trapdoor-fracture
#16
Yasuhiro Takahashi, Maria Suzanne Sabundayo, Hidetaka Miyazaki, Hidenori Mito, Hirohiko Kakizaki
PURPOSE: To examine the clinical characteristics of patients with concomitant incarceration of the inferior oblique muscle branch of the oculomotor nerve who had suffered from an orbital floor trapdoor fracture with orbital fat incarceration. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients were retrospectively reviewed. Concomitant inferior oblique muscle branch incarceration was diagnosed by inferior oblique muscle underaction on the Hess chart and a missing inferior oblique muscle branch on computed tomographic images on baseline examination...
August 29, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845331/atypical-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#17
Zafer Cebeci, Merih Oray, Şerife Bayraktar, İlknur Tuğal-Tutkun, Nur Kır
Bullous central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) is a rare variant of CSCR characterized by severe serous retinal detachment which especially involves the inferior quadrants. Corticosteroid therapy administered for systemic or ocular misdiagnoses may induce and exacerbate CSCR. The purpose of this study was to report diagnosis and treatment results of an unusual case of bullous CSCR induced by systemic and periocular corticosteroid therapy received at another medical center due to a misdiagnosis of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease...
August 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844052/multicentred-international-review-of-orbital-exenteration-and-reconstruction-in-oculoplastic-and-orbit-practice
#18
Ze Zhang, Son Ho, Vivian Yin, Gonzalo Varas, Saul Rajak, Peter J Dolman, Alan McNab, J Godfrey Heathcote, Alejandra Valenzuela
BACKGROUND: Orbital exenteration is a disfiguring procedure reserved for life-threatening malignancies. This study examines the clinical course and outcomes of a large series of patients who underwent orbital exenteration for malignant periocular neoplasms. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients who underwent orbital exenteration from 1 July 2005 to 30 June 2015 at four tertiary referral centres in the USA, Australia and Canada. Demographics, indication for surgery, pathology, surgical technique, reconstruction type and outcomes were reviewed...
August 26, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844051/active-surveillance-of-choroidal-neovascularisation-in-children-incidence-aetiology-and-management-findings-from-a-national-study-in-the-uk
#19
Mariya Moosajee, Alessandro Abbouda, Barnaby Foot, Catey Bunce, Anthony T Moore, James Acheson
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the UK incidence, demographics, aetiology, management and visual outcome for children developing choroidal neovascularisation (CNV). METHODS: A prospective population-based observational study of routine practice via the British Ophthalmological Surveillance Unit between January 2012 and December 2013 with subsequent 1-year follow-up in children under 16 years old with newly diagnosed CNV. RESULTS: Twenty-seven children with CNV were reported...
August 26, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844050/intravitreal-topotecan-in-the-management-of-refractory-and-recurrent-vitreous-seeds-in-retinoblastoma
#20
Raksha Rao, Santosh G Honavar, Vishal Sharma, Vijay Anand P Reddy
BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal topotecan for refractory or recurrent vitreous seeds in retinoblastoma. METHODS: Intravitreal injection of topotecan hydrochloride (30 µg/0.15 mL) was provided every 3 weeks by the safety enhanced technique. RESULTS: The study included 17 consecutive patients with retinoblastoma with refractory or recurrent vitreous seeds. Five eyes (29%) belonged to International Classification of Retinoblastoma group C and 12 eyes (71%) belonged to group D...
August 26, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
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