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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645342/pleomorphic-adenoma-of-an-accessory-lacrimal-gland-masquerading-as-a-chalazion
#1
Yao Wang, Amanda Maltry, Ali Mokhtarzadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644515/comment-on-mucosal-and-lacrimal-flaps-for-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-a-systematic-review
#2
R Lenzi, L Muscatello
We have read the article by Green et al.(1) with great interest, given the results from their review, the recommendation of performing a mucosal sparing technique when performing dacryocystorhinostomy seems logical. However, based on our experience we would like to make some comments on this subject. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
June 23, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643798/topical-administration-of-esculetin-as-a-potential-therapy-for-experimental-dry-eye-syndrome
#3
D Jiang, X Liu, J Hu
PurposeIn this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of topical Esculetin for dry eye rabbits through the ocular tests, inflammatory factor levels and specific phosphorylated protein expressions of ERK1/2 singnal pathway.Patients and methodsThirty-two healthy adult male New Zealand white rabbits were chosen for the study. DES models were established after removing of the main lacrimal gland, Harderian gland and nictitating membrane in the left eyes and randomly divided into group DES control, group CsA, group Esculetin and group Esculetin combined with CsA (C&E), meanwhile the right eyes served as group Normal control...
June 23, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641034/imaging-of-proximal-lacrimal-system-with-time-domain-anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography-in-asian-indian-population
#4
Swati Singh, Arnav Ghosh, Suryasnata Rath
This article reports proximal lacrimal system parameters using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography (ASOCT-Visante) in an apparently normal Asian Indian population with assessment of any correlation between tear meniscus height and punctal diameter. This was a prospectively designed observational study that included healthy adults, who volunteered for optical coherence tomography imaging (OCT) of their proximal lacrimal system. Time domain ASOCT (Visante) images of the punctum and proximal canaliculus were captured using the high resolution corneal scan protocol...
June 22, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636742/results-of-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-in-pediatric-patients
#5
Sat Paul Gulati, Raman Wadhera, Ashok Kumar Khurana, Nidhi Singh, Vijay Kalra, Anju Ghai
We conducted a prospective interventional study to evaluate the role of endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy in children. Our study population was made up of 20 patients-18 boys and 2 girls, aged 2 to 12 years (mean: 5.3)-who presented with signs and symptoms suggestive of nasolacrimal duct blockage that was refractory to conventional medical treatment. In all cases, blockage was confirmed by nasolacrimal duct syringing that demonstrated regurgitation from the opposite punctum. The primary outcome measures for success were resolution of symptoms and duct patency on lacrimal irrigation...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634110/pharmacological-rescue-of-ductal-cftr-rescue-pancreatic-and-salivary-glands-acinar-cells-and-tissue-function-in-mouse-models-of-autoimmune-diseases
#6
Mei Zeng, Mitchell Szymczak, Malini Ahuja, Changyu Zheng, Hongen Yin, William Swaim, John A Chiorini, Robert J Bridges, Shmuel Muallem
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Sjögren's syndrome and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) are disorders with decreased function of salivary, lacrimal glands, and the exocrine pancreas. NOD/ShiLTJ mice and mice transduced with the cytokine BMP6 develop Sjögren's syndrome and chronic pancreatitis and MRL/Mp mice are models of AIP. CFTR is a ductal Cl(-) channel essential for ductal fluid and HCO3(-) secretion. We used these models to ask: is CFTR expression altered in these diseases, does correction of CFTR correct gland function, and most notably, does correcting ductal function correct acinar function...
June 17, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631677/-topographical-and-anatomical-localization-of-the-lacrimal-passages-in-the-nasal-cavity
#7
M M Magomedov, D V Andriayshkin, M N Magomedova, D F Zeinalova
The objective of the present work was to study topographical and anatomical relationships between the lacrimal passages and the walls of the nasal cavity from the standpoint of the rhinosurgeon. The materials for the study were obtained by examining 15 corpses. It was found out that in 91% of the cases, the natural ostium of the maxillary sinus is localized within 11.6 cm from the lacrimal tubercle. In 62% of the cases, the nasolacrimal passage opens in the region of the vault of the inferior nasal passage as an orifice roughly 0...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631333/a-novel-treatment-for-keratitis-sicca-dry-eye-anatomical-feasibility-study
#8
Joe Iwanaga, Koichi Watanabe, Jingo Kusukawa, Christian Fisahn, Fernando Alonso, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION Chronic dry eye (keratitis sicca) is a significant problem that in certain populations can result in corneal desiccation and the potential for blindness. Therefore, novel treatments for such disorders might decrease patient morbidity. The present study aimed to investigate a potential treatment for chronic dry eye via a cadaveric feasibility study. MATERIALS AND METHODS On 10 cadaveric sides, the parotid gland branch of the auriculotemporal nerve was identified and anastomosed to an anterior superficial temporal branch of this same nerve...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630793/bilaterally-diffuse-lacrimal-gland-involvement-initial-presentation-of-systemic-sarcoidosis
#9
Pınar Bingöl Kızıltunç, Fatma Çiftçi, Banu Hoşal, Gülşah Kaygusuz
Orbital involvement in systemic sarcoidosis is a rare condition. We report a case of orbital sarcoidosis with bilaterally huge lacrimal gland involvement as the initial manifestation of systemic sarcoidosis. A 20-year-old woman admitted the ophthalmology department with progressive bilateral upper eyelid swelling for 6 months. The only pathologic finding was the presence of bilateral, symmetrical, solid, lobular masses at the lateral upper eyelids at the location of lacrimal glands. On systemic examination, bilateral parotid and submandibular glands appeared swollen...
June 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628505/central-connections-of-the-lacrimal-functional-unit
#10
Catherine Willshire, Roger J Buckley, Anthony J Bron
PURPOSE: To study the contribution of each eye to the reflex tear response, after unilateral and bilateral topical anesthesia. METHOD: A closed-eye, modified Schirmer test was performed bilaterally in 8 normal subjects, in a controlled environment chamber set to 23°C, 45% relative humidity, and 0.08 m/s airflow. Eye drops were instilled into each eye 10 minutes before the Schirmer test. Experiments were as follows: 1) bilateral saline (control), 2) unilateral anesthesia (ipsilateral anesthetic; contralateral saline), and 3) bilateral anesthesia...
June 14, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616393/tear-production-and-intraocular-pressure-in-canine-eyes-with-corneal-ulceration
#11
David L Williams, Philippa Burg
This study aimed to evaluate changes in lacrimation and intraocular pressure (IOP) in dogs with unilateral corneal ulceration using the Schirmer tear test (STT) and rebound (TonoVet®) tonometry. IOP and STT values were recorded in both ulcerated and non-ulcerated (control) eyes of 100 dogs diagnosed with unilateral corneal ulceration. Dogs presented with other ocular conditions as their primary complaint were excluded from this study. The mean ± standard deviation for STT values in the ulcerated and control eyes were 20...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615806/proposal-of-a-new-classification-scheme-for-periocular-injuries
#12
Devi Prasad Mohapatra, Friji Meethale Thiruvoth, Ravi Kumar Chittoria, S Dinesh Kumar, Sudhanva Hemant Kumar, Senthil Kumar, Preethitha Babu, Elan Kumar
BACKGROUND: Eyelids are important structures and play a role in protecting the globe from trauma, brightness, in maintaining the integrity of tear films and moving the tears towards the lacrimal drainage system and contribute to aesthetic appearance of the face. Ophthalmic trauma is an important cause of morbidity among individuals and has also been responsible for additional cost of healthcare. Periocular trauma involving eyelids and adjacent structures has been found to have increased recently probably due to increased pace of life and increased dependence on machinery...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614220/rituximab-was-used-to-treat-recurrent-igg4-related-hypophysitis-with-ophthalmopathy-as-the-initial-presentation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Wei-Jun Gu, Qian Zhang, Jian Zhu, Jie Li, Shi-Hui Wei, Yi-Ming Mu
RATIONALE: Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related hypophysitis is a type of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD), which is characterized by plasma cells infiltration in the pituitary causing functional changes and (or) space-occupying effect in the pituitary. IgG4-related hypophysitis is sensitive to hormone therapy in most patients, but recurrence is very likely. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we report a 57-year-old male patient with bilateral eye redness as the initial presentation...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614090/three-dimensional-topography-of-the-supratrochlear-nerve-with-reference-to-the-lacrimal-caruncle-and-its-danger-zone-in-asians
#14
Young-Chun Gil, Shin-Hyo Lee, Kang-Jae Shin, Wu-Chul Song, Ki-Seok Koh, Hyun Jin Shin
BACKGROUND: The supratrochlear nerve (STN) is relatively superficial and therefore vulnerable to iatrogenic injury. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the course of STN with reference to the lacrimal caruncle, with the aim of preventing nerve injury during surgery in the forehead region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four hemifaces from 18 Korean cadavers were dissected. The vertical line through the apex of lacrimal caruncle and the horizontal line through the supraorbital margin were used as horizontal and vertical reference lines, respectively...
June 12, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611644/conjunctival-chemosis-caused-by-exposure-of-the-lacrimal-caruncle-a-case-report
#15
Akinori Baba, Hiromichi Matsuda, Takuya Shiba, Yasuhiro Takahashi, Hiroshi Tsuneoka
An 84-year-old woman presented with a 3-month history of conjunctival chemosis in the left eye. At the first examination, the chemosis neighbored the lacrimal caruncle and was localized in the inferomedial region of the conjunctiva. During eyelid closure, only the left lacrimal caruncle was exposed. One month later, the chemosis further extended to the inferolateral region. We debulked the lacrimal caruncle to prevent the exposure of the caruncle. One month after the surgery, conjunctival chemosis had resolved completely...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611160/a-rare-case-of-late-solitary-vertebral-metastasis-from-an-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-lacrimal-gland
#16
Awaiz Ahmed, Satish Kannan Rajankulam Ganesan, Shahnawaz Haleem, James Nicoll
Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland is one among the common malignancies affecting the lacrimal gland. However, overall, it is a rare condition. It has a rather poor prognosis with local recurrence and distant haematological metastasis which are invariably multiple. We present a rare case of a 51-year-old woman who presented with localised lower thoracic pain with collapse of the T10 vertebral body, which turned out be a solitary late metastasis from her previously treated lacrimal gland tumour.
June 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610808/sarcoidosis-of-the-lacrimal-gland-as-a-first-manifestation
#17
M Y Peralta-Gómez, K A Ávila-Ocampo, S Huerta-Velázquez, M I Rivera-Salgado
OBJECTIVE/METHOD: The first manifestation of sarcoidosis is usually at the pulmonary level. The case is described of a 40-year-old female patient, who presented with an increased volume of the lacrimal gland and mechanical ptosis of upper left eyelid as the first expression of this disease. RESULT/CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of systemic sarcoidosis with primary presentation of the lacrimal gland was made after performing several immunological studies with negative results, imaging studies, and taking of glandular and lymph node biopsies...
June 10, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599008/pediatric-melioidosis-in-sarawak-malaysia-epidemiological-clinical-and-microbiological-characteristics
#18
Anand Mohan, Yuwana Podin, Nickson Tai, Chae-Hee Chieng, Vanessa Rigas, Barbara Machunter, Mark Mayo, Desiree Wong, Su-Lin Chien, Lee-See Tan, Charles Goh, Reginal Bantin, Alexander Mijen, Wen-Yi Chua, King-Ching Hii, See-Chang Wong, Hie-Ung Ngian, Jin-Shyan Wong, Jamilah Hashim, Bart J Currie, Mong-How Ooi
BACKGROUND: Melioidosis is a serious, and potentially fatal community-acquired infection endemic to northern Australia and Southeast Asia, including Sarawak, Malaysia. The disease, caused by the usually intrinsically aminoglycoside-resistant Burkholderia pseudomallei, most commonly affects adults with predisposing risk factors. There are limited data on pediatric melioidosis in Sarawak. METHODS: A part prospective, part retrospective study of children aged <15 years with culture-confirmed melioidosis was conducted in the 3 major public hospitals in Central Sarawak between 2009 and 2014...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598870/molecularly-targeted-agents-in-oculoplastic-surgery
#19
Richard C Allen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Significant advances have been made in oncology and rheumatology with the introduction of molecularly targeted agents (MTAs). MTAs consist of monoclonal antibodies and small molecule inhibitors. The purpose of this manuscript is to review the recent applications of MTAs to orbital, lacrimal, and eyelid disease. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of monoclonal antibodies has been described in the treatment of orbital vascular lesions, lymphoma, and squamous cell carcinoma...
June 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598869/graft-versus-host-disease-what-should-the-oculoplastic-surgeon-know
#20
Cynthia I Tung
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a concise review of the oculoplastic manifestations of ocular graft versus host disease (GVHD), and to discuss their management. RECENT FINDINGS: Ocular GVHD occurs as a common immune-mediated complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation that presents as a Stevens-Johnson-like syndrome in the acute phase or a Sjögren-like syndrome in the chronic phase. Cicatricial conjunctivitis may be underreported in ocular GVHD. The spectrum of oculoplastic manifestations includes GVHD of the skin, cicatricial entropion, nasolacrimal duct obstruction, and lacrimal gland dysfunction...
June 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
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