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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911431/-o%C3%B1-umethyl-in-the-treatment-of-allergic-diseases-of-eyelids-and-conjunctiva
#1
N R Marchenko
Treatment of allergic diseases of eyelids and conjunctiva (conjunctivites and blepharoconjunctivites) often presents difficulties due to peculiarities of their pathogenesis - allergic and vascular reactions, disorder of lacrimal production, meibomian gland dysfunction, and possible bacterial contamination. It has been suggested to use Ocumethyl, which contains zinc sulfate (binding, drying, anti-inflammatory, and antiseptic effect), diphenhydamine hydrochloride (an Н1-antihistamine that decreases capillary permeability and helps resolve conjunctival and eyelid edema), naphazoline hydrochloride (a sympathomimetic notable for its strong, rapid, and long-lasting vasoconstrictive effect), and methylene blue (antiseptic effect, disintoxication, and antioxidant activity)...
2016: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906544/lfa-1-icam-1-interaction-as-a-therapeutic-target-in-dry-eye-disease
#2
Stephen C Pflugfelder, Michael Stern, Steven Zhang, Amir Shojaei
Dry eye disease (DED) is a common ocular disorder associated with inflammation of the lacrimal gland and ocular surface. The interaction of the integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) with its cognate ligand intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is known to have important roles in the interaction of a variety of cells involved in immune responses and inflammation, including those prominent in ocular surface inflammation. Lifitegrast, an LFA-1 antagonist that blocks binding of ICAM-1 to LFA-1, has recently been approved in the United States for the treatment of signs and symptoms of DED...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904918/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-the-watering-eye
#3
M Schargus, G Geerling
The wet eye is a common symptom that ophthalmologists as well as otorhinolaryngolists are confronted with. The causes can be diverse, affecting all parts from the lacrimal gland to the lacrimal drainage system. Frequently tear film changes are the reason for the symptoms, which may vary from classic epiphora and impaired vision to tear film instability with damage of the corneal epithelium. The knowledge and understanding of the underlying pathologies and differential diagnosis is crucial in order to initiate adequate therapy and to avoid overtreating with invasive surgical means...
November 30, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903249/management-lacrimal-sac-abscesses-using-lacrimal-probe-and-crawford-silicon-tube
#4
Lin Lin, Li Yang, Xiuming Jin, Yingying Zhao, Fangli Fan
BACKGROUND: Treatment of lacrimal sac abscess of the traditional surgical approach may result in complications from cutaneous fistula formation, damage the sac, cause skin scarring and even have the potential for inducing cicatricial ectropion. We designed a new treatment scheme that is expected to achieve internal drainage with the use of lacrimal probe and crawford silicon tube. METHODS: A prospective study was performed for the management of lacrimal sac abscesses...
November 30, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899369/topography-of-the-supraorbital-nerve-with-reference-to-the-lacrimal-caruncle-danger-zone-for-direct-browplasty
#5
Young-Chun Gil, Kang-Jae Shin, Shin-Hyo Lee, Wu-Chul Song, Ki-Seok Koh, Hyun Jin Shin
PURPOSE: To elucidate the course of the supraorbital nerve (SON) with reference to the lacrimal caruncle in order to facilitate safer direct browplasty by preventing nerve injury. METHODS: Thirty-four hemifaces from 18 embalmed Korean cadavers were dissected. A vertical line through the upmost point of the lacrimal caruncle and a horizontal line through the supraorbital margin were used as the horizontal and vertical reference positions, respectively. The course of the SON in the frontal view and the point at which it pierced the overlaying musculature were examined...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898620/intra-arterial-chemotherapy-for-lacrimal-gland-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma
#6
Matthew Zhang, Cherie Fathy, Mark P Breazzano, Matthew Hollar, Behin Barahimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Ophthalmology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886047/topical-application-of-apricot-kernel-extract-improves-dry-eye-symptoms-in-a-unilateral-exorbital-lacrimal-gland-excision-mouse
#7
Chan-Sik Kim, Kyuhyung Jo, Ik-Soo Lee, Junghyun Kim
The purpose of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effects of topical application of apricot kernel extract (AKE) in a unilateral exorbital lacrimal gland excision mouse model of experimental dry eye. Dry eye was induced by surgical removal of the lacrimal gland. Eye drops containing 0.5 or 1 mg/mL AKE were administered twice a day from day 3 to day 7 after surgery. Tear fluid volume and corneal irregularity scores were determined. In addition, we examined the immunohistochemical expression level of Muc4...
November 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879057/direct-visualization-of-aqueous-tear-secretion-from-lacrimal-gland
#8
Eun Chul Kim, Sang Hee Doh, Se Yoon Chung, Sam Young Yoon, Man Soo Kim, Sung Kun Chung, Min Chul Shin, Ho Sik Hwang
PURPOSE: To introduce a new method for direct observation of tear secretion from the palpebral lobes of the main lacrimal glands and Wolfring glands using fluorescein dye. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with dry eye and 26 healthy subjects were included in the study. Fluorescein was applied to the conjunctiva overlaying the palpebral lobe of the main lacrimal glands. Under cobalt blue light, we captured tear secretion from the glands in movies. We compared the number of excretory openings, the location and tear flow rate between the dry eye and healthy-subject groups...
November 23, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874294/dacryoadenitis-and-extraocular-muscle-inflammation-associated-with-contact-lens-related-acanthamoeba-keratitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Tomris Sengor, Erdal Yuzbasioglu, Sevda Aydın Kurna, Murat Irkec, Ahmet Altun, Kubra Kökcen, Nazli Gul Yalcin
The present report discusses a new case of dacryoadenitis with extraocular muscle inflammation associated with Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) in a contact lens wearer. A 41-year-old male, who has worn silicone hydrogel contact lenses on an extended basis for about 10 years, attended with the complaints of vision disturbance, hyperemia, and pain in his right eye. His history revealed that 1.5 month ago, he had been diagnosed with allergic conjunctivitis and had used steroid eye drops. Biomicroscopic examination revealed eyelid edema, chemosis, and ring infiltration, radial keratoneuritis and an epithelial defect in the cornea...
November 22, 2016: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874148/dry-eye-disease-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#10
Kubra Serefoglu Cabuk, İlkay Cakir, Ahmet Kirgiz, Kursat Atalay, Muhittin Taskapili
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate dry eye disease (DED) in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and compare with healthy individuals. METHODS: The study was conducted in the Ophthalmology and Endocrinology Department of Bagcilar Education and Research Hospital, a tertiary care center in Istanbul, Turkey, between January and December 2015. In this prospective case-controlled study, dry eye disease tests were performed on 44 patients with MetS and 43 healthy controls. TearLab Osmolarity System, which is a lab-on-a-chip technology, was used to measure tear osmolarity...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861819/lacrimal-nerve-blocks-for-three-new-cases-of-lacrimal-neuralgia
#11
María-Luz Cuadrado, Álvaro Gutiérrez-Viedma, Lorenzo Silva-Hernández, Aida Orviz, Héctor García-Moreno
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to report three new cases of lacrimal neuralgia and their response to superficial nerve blocks. BACKGROUND: Lacrimal neuralgia has been recently described as a pain in the territory supplied by the lacrimal nerve, at the lateral upper eyelid and/or the adjacent area of the temple. The pain is typically accompanied by tenderness on palpation of the lacrimal nerve at the superoexternal angle of the orbit. METHODS: Between January 2015 and June 2016, we prospective identified three cases of lacrimal neuralgia among the patients attending the Headache Unit in a tertiary hospital...
November 11, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853019/can-a-dermoid-cyst-lead-to-an-abnormal-origin-of-an-extraocular-muscle
#12
Tayyab Afghani, Hassan Mansoor
A 5-year-old boy presented with a large 5 cm × 5 cm cyst covering the left eye completely since birth. The cyst was excised in toto and was sent for histopathological examination. During the surgery, the inferior oblique (IO) muscle was seen originating from medial orbital wall, 10-12 mm behind the medial orbital margin, just posterior to the lacrimal bone and moving laterally, downward, and posteriorly from its origin making a more acute angle - around 20° to its site of origin. The insertion of the IO to sclera was at its normal site...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852065/mitochondria-targeted-antioxidant-skq1-reduces-age-related-alterations-in-the-ultrastructure-of-the-lacrimal-gland
#13
Lora E Bakeeva, Chupalav M Eldarov, Irina M Vangely, Nataliya G Kolosova, Valeriya B Vays
Dry eye syndrome is an eye disorder affecting many people at an old age. Because dry eye syndrome is accelerated by aging, a useful approach to the prevention of this syndrome may be an intervention into the aging process. Previously, we showed that the mitochondria-targeted antioxidant SkQ1 delays manifestations of aging and inhibits the development of age-related diseases including dry eye syndrome. Nevertheless, the link between SkQ1's effects and its suppression of age-related changes in the lacrimal gland remains unclear...
November 11, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849318/intraorbital-foreign-bodies-clinical-features-and-outcomes-of-surgical-removal
#14
Ayşe Dolar Bilge, Hakan Yılmaz, Bülent Yazıcı, Faisal Naqadan
BACKGROUND: The present study is an evaluation of clinical features and management outcomes of patients operated on for intraorbital foreign bodies (FBs). METHODS: Medical records of 24 patients who underwent surgery for intraorbital FBs within a 10-year period were reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty patients (83%) were male and 4 (17%) were female (mean age: 28 years; range: 4-69 years). Ten patients (42%) presented within 48 hours of injury, 7 (29%) within 3 days to 1 month, and 7 (29%) more than 1 month after injury...
September 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844224/minimally-invasive-medial-maxillectomy-and-the-position-of-nasolacrimal-duct-the-ct-study
#15
Andrzej Sieskiewicz, Krzysztof Buczko, Jacek Janica, Adam Lukasiewicz, Urszula Lebkowska, Bartosz Piszczatowski, Ewa Olszewska
Several minimally invasive modifications of endoscopic medial maxillectomy have been proposed recently, with the least traumatic techniques utilizing the lacrimal recess as a route to enter the sinus. The aim of the study was to analyze the anatomy of medial maxillary wall in the region of nasolacrimal canal and, thus, to determine the capability of performing minimally invasive approach to the maxillary sinus leading through the lacrimal recess. The course of nasolacrimal canal and the distance between the anterior maxillary wall and the nasolacrimal canal (the width of lacrimal recess) were evaluated in 125 randomly selected computed tomography (CT) head examinations...
November 14, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832820/normal-orbit-skeletal-changes-in-adolescents-as-determined-through-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#16
B Lee, C Flores-Mir, M O Lagravère
BACKGROUND: To determine three-dimensional spatial orbit skeletal changes in adolescents over a 19 to 24 months observation period assessed through cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: The sample consisted of 50 adolescents aged 11 to 17. All were orthodontic patients who had two CBCTs taken with an interval of 19 to 24 months between images. The CBCTs were analyzed using the third-party software Avizo. Sixteen anatomical landmarks resulting in 24 distances were used to measure spatial structural changes of both orbits...
November 10, 2016: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830206/a-novel-technique-for-full-thickness-medial-canthal-reconstruction-playing-with-broken-lines
#17
Mohammad Taher Rajabi, Seyedeh Simindokht Hosseini, Mohammad Bagher Rajabi, Syed Ziaeddin Tabatabaie
PURPOSE: To introduce a new modification of transposition flap technique for reconstruction of the medial canthal region. METHODS: This prospective study included 58 patients with the full thickness involvement of both upper and lower lid in the medial canthal area. Reconstruction of posterior lamella was performed by utilizing periosteal flaps and tarsoconjunctival grafts, and anterior lamellar reconstruction was performed using transposition of multiple full-thickness skin flaps, a modified form of rhomboid flap technique...
December 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828921/dacryocystocele-after-successful-external-dacryocystorhinostomy-a-variant-of-the-lacrimal-sump-syndrome
#18
Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Sahar M El-Khamary, Hind Al-Katan, Patricia M Akaishi, Antonio A V Cruz
A 25-year-old man presented with a mass on the right medial canthus after a successful dacryo cys torhinostomy performed 3 years ago. On examination, there was a firm, nondepressible mass inferior to the medial canthal ligament and a linear vertical scar on the lateral wall of the nose. Syringing through the right lower punctum indicated his lacrimal system was patent. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging disclosed a large cystic lesion in the lacrimal sac fossa. No bone erosion was detected. The mass was approached through a tear trough incision and completely resected...
November 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828916/the-usefulness-of-continuously-variable-view-rigid-endoscope-in-lacrimal-surgeries-first-intraoperative-experience
#19
Mohammad Javed Ali, Swati Singh, Milind N Naik
AIMS: The aims of this study were to illustrate the techniques and usefulness of a new rigid, variable-view endoscope in lacrimal surgeries. METHODS: A 4-mm continuously variable view rigid endoscope (EndoCAMeleon) was used to assess 4 intraoperative scenarios in lacrimal surgeries. The endoscope offers variable views from 15° to 90° in one single plane while remaining shape invariant. Multiple planes were assessed after changing the direction of the endoscopic shaft...
November 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822435/isolated-ectopic-cilia-in-an-11-year-old-girl
#20
Hosny Ahmed Zein, M Tarek A Moustafa
Ectopic cilia (EC) are a very rare condition with only few cases reported in literature. Many associations were seen with ectopic cilia which include distichiasis, choristoma and aberrant lacrimal gland, hypochromic nevus, atopic eczema and others. We are reporting a case of an 11-year-old girl with isolated left upper lid ectopic cilia, which was confirmed by surgical removal and histopathological study.
2016: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
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