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Graves' orbitopathy

Yongping Liu, Shanshan Liu, Jinyuan Mao, Sichen Piao, Jing Qin, Shiqiao Peng, Xiaochen Xie, Haixia Guan, Yushu Li, Zhongyan Shan, Weiping Teng
Objective: The purpose of the present study was to investigate serum trace elements in Graves' disease (GD) patients with or without orbitopathy in Northeast China. Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed Graves' disease (HyGD) ( n = 66), GD patients with euthyroid status or subclinical thyroidism after treatment (EUGD) ( n = 55), GO patients with euthyroid status or subclinical thyroidism after treatment (GO) ( n = 57), and normal controls (NC) ( n = 66) were enrolled in this study...
2018: BioMed Research International
Nadia Sawicka-Gutaj, Mirosław Andrusiewicz, Agata Czarnywojtek, Joanna Waligórska-Stachura, Maciej Biczysko, Jerzy Skrobisz, Jerzy Sowiński, Marek Ruchała
Purpose: Our aim was to analyze NAMPT expression in thyroid tissue derived from patients with Graves' disease with (GD) and without (GO) orbitopathy, patients with toxic nodular goiters (TNG) and thyroid cancers (TC), and healthy controls. Methods: 153 thyroid tissue samples of consecutive patients who underwent thyroidectomy were collected. Previous therapy with steroids was an exclusion criterion. We collected clinicopathological data of all subjects and we assessed NAMPT expression using qPCR...
2018: BioMed Research International
Katarzyna Kapelko-Słowik, Mirosław Słowik, Marek Szaliński, Jarosław Dybko, Dariusz Wołowiec, Iwona Prajs, Anna Bohdanowicz-Pawlak, Monika Biernat, Donata Urbaniak-Kujda
BACKGROUND: Graves' orbitopathy (GO), also known as thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy, is characterized by dramatic tissue reactivity. Both inflammation and tissue remodeling characterize the clinical course of GO. Some data has been found regarding the association of MMPs and TIMPs in GO. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Serum concentrations of MMP-9, MMP-2, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 were determined by ELISA method. OBJECTIVES: Forty-eight patients (34 females, 14 males, with median age 51...
January 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Kyle T Lewis, John R Bullock, Ryan T Drumright, Matthew J Olsen, Alan D Penman
The purpose is to evaluate the utility of optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography in the evaluation of Graves' orbitopathy (GO) and response to orbital decompression in patients with and without dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON). This was a single-center, prospective case series in a cohort of 12 patients (24 orbits) with GO and ±DON, (6 orbits) who underwent bilateral orbital decompression. All patients underwent pre- and postoperative OCT angiography of the peripapillary area. Vessel density indices were calculated in a 4...
March 8, 2018: Orbit
S Sellari-Franceschini, R Rocchi, M Marinò, A Bajraktari, B Mazzi, G Fiacchini, P Lepri, I Dallan, P Vitti, C Marcocci
PURPOSE: Orbital decompression (OD) is a consolidated procedure for the treatment of exophthalmos in Graves' orbitopathy (GO). The efficacy of the various procedures remains unclear due to the variability of the techniques used. To address this issue, we performed a randomized clinical trial to compare the efficacy of two surgical techniques. The primary endpoint was the reduction in proptosis. Secondary aims were the risk of post-operative diplopia (POD) in primary gaze and other surgical complications...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Danilo Villalta, Federica D'Aurizio, Mirella Da Re, Debora Ricci, Francesco Latrofa, Renato Tozzoli
PURPOSE: Thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) autoantibodies (TRAbs) are a hallmark of Graves' disease (GD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a new third generation automatic fluorescence enzyme immunoassay for TRAb measurement in GD, in comparison with two current IMAs. METHODS: Sera of 439 subjects (57 patients with untreated GD, 34 with treated GD, 15 with GD and Graves' orbitopathy, 52 with multinodular non-toxic goiter, 86 with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, 20 with toxic adenoma or toxic multinodular goiter, 55 with non-thyroid autoimmune diseases and 120 normal controls) were tested for TRAbs with the ELiA ™ anti-TSH-R assay (ThermoFischer Scientific, Uppsala, Sweden), the TRAK ™ RIA, Brahms (Thermo Scientific, Hennigsdorf, Germany) and the Immulite ™ TSI assay (Siemens Healthcare, Llanberis, UK)...
February 12, 2018: Auto- Immunity Highlights
Edith Mawunyo Ackuaku-Dogbe, Josephine Akpalu, Benjamin Abaidoo
PURPOSE: Thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO), a clinical manifestation of Graves' disease, is an autoimmune disorder of the orbital and periorbital tissue. Data on the epidemiology and clinical presentation of TAO in Africa are generally scarce and unavailable in Ghana. We investigated the epidemiology and clinical features of TAO among patients with thyroid disorders attending the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of patients diagnosed with thyroid disorders which was conducted at the endocrine and orbital clinics of the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital...
October 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
I Pascual-Camps, R Molina-Pallete, M A Bort-Martí, J Todolí, E España-Gregori
Dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON) is one of the complications that can affect Graves' orbitopathy (GO) patients. Its prevalence is estimated at less than 5%. It is usually treated with intravenous steroids, radiotherapy or orbital decompression. Tocilizumab has been proposed as a treatment option in cases of GO refractory to steroid treatment, with good clinical results. Our aim is to report the case of a patient with optic neuropathy secondary to GO treated with tocilizumab as primary treatment option.
February 8, 2018: Orbit
Kai-Chun Cheng, Yu-Jen Wu, Kai-Hung Cheng, Kai-Yuan Cheng, Kuo-Jen Chen, Wen-Chuan Wu, Po-Yen Lee, Cheng-Hsien Chang
PURPOSE: This study surveyed the novel autoantigens expressed in the orbital fat tissue of patients with Graves' orbitopathy (GO) and explored the possibility of the autoantibodies against novel autoantigens as biomarkers for GO. METHODS: We used immuno-proteomic methods to survey novel autoantigens expressed in the orbit fat tissue of GO patients and confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: One protein spot (aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2)) revealed high reactivity with the GO serum than did the healthy control serum and was further verified by ELISA...
February 3, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Virgil A S H Dalm, Dion Paridaens, Robin P Peeters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
George J Kahaly, Michaela Riedl, Jochem König, Susanne Pitz, Katharina Ponto, Tanja Diana, Elena Kampmann, Elisa Kolbe, Anja Eckstein, Lars C Moeller, Dagmar Führer, Mario Salvi, Nicola Curro, Irene Campi, Danila Covelli, Marenza Leo, Michele Marinò, Francesca Menconi, Claudio Marcocci, Luigi Bartalena, Petros Perros, Wilmar M Wiersinga
BACKGROUND: European guidelines recommend intravenous methylprednisolone as first-line treatment for active and severe Graves' orbitopathy; however, it is common for patients to have no response or have relapse after discontinuation of treatment. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of add-on mycophenolate to methylprednisolone in comparison with methylprednisolone alone in patients with moderate-to-severe Graves' orbitopathy. METHODS: MINGO was an observer-masked, multicentre, block-randomised, centre-stratified trial done in two centres in Germany and two in Italy...
January 30, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Eszter Berta, Miklós Bodor, László Galuska, György Paragh, Annamária Erdei, Annamária Gazdag, Bernadett Ujhelyi, Ervin Berényi, Mónika Katkó, Andrea Gazsó, Endre V Nagy
PURPOSE: Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is a complication of Graves' disease (GD), the development of which cannot be predicted at the time of diagnosis of GD. Our aims were (i) to test if orbital 99mTc-labelled diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid single-photon emission computer tomography (DTPA SPECT) can predict development of GO later during the course of the disease and (ii) to study whether orbital immune activity can be detected in GD patients who do not develop GO during follow-up. METHODS: Fifty-four orbits of 27 patients with newly diagnosed GD were entered into the case-control study...
January 31, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Ulrich Flögel, Anke Schlüter, Christoph Jacoby, Sebastian Temme, J Paul Banga, Anja Eckstein, Jürgen Schrader, Utta Berchner-Pfannschmidt
PURPOSE: To evaluate key molecular and cellular features of Graves orbitopathy (GO) by simultaneous monitoring of alterations in morphology, inflammatory patterns, and tissue remodeling. METHODS: To this end, we utilized a murine model of GO induced by immunization with a human thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor A-subunit plasmid. Altogether, 52 mice were used: 27 GOs and 25 controls (Ctrl) immunized with β-galactasidose plasmid. From these, 17 GO and 12 Ctrl mice were subjected to multimodal MRI at 9...
January 27, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Karolina Stożek, Artur Bossowski, Katarzyna Ziora, Anna Bossowska, Małgorzata Mrugacz, Anna Noczyńska, Mieczysław Walczak, Elżbieta Petriczko, Beata Pyrżak, Anna Kucharska, Mieczysław Szalecki, Tanja Diana, George J Kahaly
INTRODUCTION: The diagnostic value of the level of TSH receptor antibodies (TSHR-Ab) in the population of children with autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs) is still unknown. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the prevalence of TSHR-Ab in a paediatric cohort with AITD and healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 240 serum samples were obtained from 205 patients with AITD, type 1 diabetes (T1D), juvenile arthritis (JA), and healthy controls (C)...
January 26, 2018: Autoimmunity
Detlef K Bartsch, Markus Luster, Heinz J Buhr, Dietmar Lorenz, Christoph-Thomas Germer, Peter E Goretzki
BACKGROUND: Thyroidectomy is still three to six times more common in Germany than in the USA, Great Britain, and the Scandinavian countries. Thus, the question is often asked whether thyroidectomy in Germany is being performed for the correct indications. METHODS: This review is based on studies and guidelines containing information on the indications for surgery in benign goiter and Graves' disease; these publications were retrieved by a systematic literature search in the Medline and Cochrane Library databases (1990-2016)...
January 8, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Elena Sabini, Barbara Mazzi, Maria Antonietta Profilo, Teresa Mautone, Giamberto Casini, Roberto Rocchi, Ilaria Ionni, Francesca Menconi, Marenza Leo, Marco Nardi, Paolo Vitti, Claudio Marcocci, Michele Marino
Background Limited data suggest that treatment with statins is associated with a reduced risk of Graves' orbitopathy (GO) in patients with Graves' disease (GD), attributed to the anti-inflammatory rather than to the hypolipemic effects of these medications. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there is an association between high cholesterol and GO. The primary outcome was the relation between GO and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol. The secondary outcomes were the relation between severity or activity [the clinical activity score (CAS)] of GO and LDL-cholesterol...
January 16, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Štefan Sotak
Selenium (latin Selenium) is a micronutrient embedded in several proteins. In adults, the thyroid is the organ with the highest amount of selenium per gram of tissue. Selenium levels in the body depend on the characteristics of the population and its diet and geographic area. In the thyroid, selenium is required for the antioxidant function and for the metabolism of thyroid hormones. The literature suggests that selenium supplementation of patients with Hashimotos thyroiditis is associated with a reduction in antithyroperoxidase antibody levels...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Jelena Juri Mandić, Ana Kozmar, Sanja Kusačić-Kuna, Anamarija Jazbec, Krešimir Mandić, Danijela Mrazovac, Nenad Vukojević
PURPOSE: Simultaneous analyses of the contents and ratios of 12 cytokines and growth factors in single samples of human tears were performed, and the results were compared between a group of healthy subjects and a group of patients with Graves' hyperthyreosis (GH) without thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO). METHODS: Determinations and concentration measurements of interleukins (IL-2, IL4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-1α, and IL-1β) interferon (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and epidermal growth factor (EGF) were performed with single tear samples from 21 patients with hyperthyreosis and 22 healthy subjects...
January 14, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Annamaria Erdei, Zita Steiber, Csaba Molnar, Ervin Berenyi, Endre V Nagy
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-rd) is characterized by lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and tissue fibrosis. Orbital manifestations of IgG4-rd may include unilateral or bilateral proptosis, cicatricial extraocular muscle myopathy, orbital inflammation and pain which may mimic ophthalmic Graves' disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old woman has been referred to the endocrinology clinic, 4 months after delivery, with suspected Graves' orbitopathy...
January 12, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Ravi Kumar Lingam, Pravin Mundada, Vickie Lee
AIM: To examine the novel use of non-echo-planar diffusion weighted MRI (DWI) in depicting activity and treatment response in active Grave's orbitopathy (GO) by assessing, with inter-observer agreement, for a correlation between its apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) and conventional Short tau Inversion Recovery (STIR) MRI signal-intensity ratios (SIRs). METHOD AND MATERIALS: A total of 23 actively inflamed muscles and 30 muscle response episodes were analysed in patients with active GO who underwent medical treatment...
January 10, 2018: Orbit
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