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root canal sealer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644564/methacrylate-based-root-canal-sealer-containing-chlorexidine-and-%C3%AE-tricalcium-phosphate
#1
Fabrício Mezzomo Collares, Vicente Castelo Branco Leitune, Fernando Freitas Portella, Paula Dapper Santos, Gabriela de Souza Balbinot, Luís Alberto Dos Santos, Clarissa Cavalcanti Fatturi Parolo, Susana Maria Werner Samuel
The aim of this study was to develop and to characterize a methacrylate-based root canal sealer containing chlorhexidine (CHX) and α-tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP). Experimental dual cure methacrylate-based sealer was produced containing 0, 2.5, or 5 wt% of CHX and 0, 25, or 50 wt% of α-TCP. Experimental sealers were evaluated based on flow, film thickness, radiopacity, degree of conversion (DC), degradation in water, pH and antibacterial activity. Flow ranged from 15.09 ± 0.11 to 17.47 ± 0.42 mm...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643130/retreatability-of-three-calcium-silicate-containing-sealers-and-one-epoxy-resin-based-root-canal-sealer-with-four-different-root-canal-instruments
#2
David Donnermeyer, Clarissa Bunne, Edgar Schäfer, Till Dammaschke
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to compare the retreatability of three calcium silicate-containing sealers (BioRoot RCS, MTA Fillapex, Endo C.P.M.) and an epoxy resin-based sealer (AH Plus) with different root canal instruments (Hedström files, Reciproc R40, Mtwo retreatment file R 25/.05 + Mtwo 40/.06, and F6 SkyTaper) concerning sealer remnants and retreatment time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Root canals of 192 teeth were instrumented with Reciproc R40...
June 22, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638549/antibacterial-activity-of-different-root-canal-sealers-against-enterococcus-faecalis
#3
Claudio Poggio, Federico Trovati, Matteo Ceci, Marco Colombo, Giampiero Pietrocola
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to compare in vitro the antimicrobial activity of different root canal sealers against Enterococcus faecalis, prior and subsequent to setting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Agar diffusion test (ADT) was used for evaluating the antibacterial activity of non-set sealer while the direct contact test (DCT) was used for after setting. RESULTS: ADT: Except for TotalFill BC Sealer all the others sealers tested showed antibacterial activity...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638547/push-out-bond-strength-of-different-endodontic-obturation-material-at-three-different-sites-in-vitro-study
#4
Pankaj Mishra, Anjna Sharma, Sunil Mishra, Manas Gupta
BACKGROUND: The key to success of any root canal therapy is adequate obturation of the prepared root canal space. Root canal sealers are not dimensionally stable and might dissolve partially over a period of time. The objective of this in vitro study is to evaluate the push-out bond strength to intraradicular dentin of two endodontic obturation materials. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty extracted single rooted permanent teeth were used. Canals orifice was explored, teeth were instrumented...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631551/apical-microleakage-in-root-canals-obturated-with-2-different-endodontic-sealer-systems-in-canine-teeth-of-dogs
#5
Chad W Lothamer, Ashley Anderson, Scott J Hetzel, Alex I Adrian, Christopher Snyder, Stephanie Goldschmidt, Jason W Soukup
An apical dye leakage test was utilized to compare 2 endodontic sealer systems commonly used in veterinary endodontic treatment. Rotary instrumentation followed by injection of 2 different sealers (GuttaFlow 2 and AH Plus) and a single master cone obturation technique were compared. Following obturation and restoration, specimens were immersed in India ink for 48 hours. A tooth mineral clearing technique was utilized to render the tooth samples transparent. Subsequently, the apices were evaluated for prevalence and magnitude of apical dye penetration under magnification...
June 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620615/component-release-and-mechanical-properties-of-endodontic-sealers-following-incorporation-of-antimicrobial-agents
#6
Elizabeta S Gjorgievska, John W Nicholson, Nichola J Coleman, Samantha Booth, Aleksandar Dimkov, Andrew Hurt
Root canal sealers with antimicrobial activity are highly beneficial; therefore, their antimicrobial properties could be improved by incorporation of antimicrobial agents. In the present study, the release of the quaternary ammonium compounds from endodontic sealers admixed with either benzalkonium chloride (BC) or cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) at loadings of 2% wt was monitored. The effect of these additives on the compressive strengths and their release from the sealers was determined after 1 and 4 weeks...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611328/volumetric-analysis-of-root-filling-with-cold-lateral-compaction-obtura-ii-thermafil-and-calamus-using-spiral-computerized-tomography-an-in-vitro-study
#7
Divya Jindal, Medhavi Sharma, Deepak Raisingani, Anupama Swarnkar, Mridu Pant, Rachit Mathur
AIM: The aim of the present study is volumetric analysis of root canal filling with cold lateral compaction, Obtura II, Thermafil, and Calamus using spiral computerized tomography (SCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Root canals of eighty mandibular premolars were instrumented using rotary ProTaper, and the volume of the canal space was measured using spiral computerized tomography (SCT). The teeth were divided into four groups of twenty teeth each, and root canals filled by lateral compaction technique, Thermafil carriers, Obtura II, and Calamus techniques, respectively...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571296/maxillary-second-molar-with-fused-root-and-six-canals-a-case-report
#8
Mitthra Suresh, Kittappa Karthikeyan, Sekar Mahalaxmi
One of the known aberrations in root canal morphology of maxillary second permanent molars is the presence of collateral mesiobuccal canals. This case report describes the endodontic management of a maxillary second molar that had a single fused root with six canals that was successfully managed with the aid of dental operating microscope. Six canal orifices were located namely MB1 (Mesiobuccal), MB2, MB3, DB1 (Distobuccal), DB2 and palatal. During the cleaning and shaping, instrument separation occurred at the apical third of the palatal canal which was removed with ultrasonics...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559709/comparative-radiographic-assessment-of-a-new-bioceramic-based-root-canal-sealer
#9
Dana Hrab, Andrea Maria Chisnoiu, Mindra Eugenia Badea, Marioara Moldovan, Radu Marcel Chisnoiu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the radiopacity of two bioceramic-based root canal sealers, the conventional TotalFill BC sealer (FKG Dentaire Switzerland) and a new experimental filling material developed in collaboration with 'Raluca Ripan' Institute for Research in Chemistry, Cluj-Napoca. METHODS: Five disc samples were prepared using both materials (10 mm diameter × 1 mm thickness), being subjected to digital radiography together with aluminum step wedges (1 to 12 mm in thickness), in accordance with ISO 6876: 2012...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543092/effect-of-ultrasonic-and-sonic-activation-of-root-canal-sealers-on-the-push-out-bond-strength-and-interfacial-adaptation-to-root-canal-dentine
#10
P E B Wiesse, R D Pereira, Y C T Silva-Sousa, C Estrela, M D Sousa-Neto, J D Pécora
AIM: To evaluate the effect of ultrasonic and sonic activation of two root canal sealers on interfacial adaptation and push-out bond strength (BS) to root canal dentine. METHODOLOGY: The root canals of seventy-eight roots of maxillary canines was prepared with Ni-Ti rotary instruments under irrigation with 2.5% NaOCl and 17% EDTA. Canals were filled by lateral condensation of gutta-percha and AH Plus (n=39) or MTA Fillapex (n=39). Three subgroups (n=13) were formed according to sealer activation: no activation (NA), sonic activation (SA, 20 s) and ultrasonic activation (US, 20 s)...
May 22, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512495/endodontic-management-of-open-apex-teeth-using-lyophilized-collagen-sponge-and-mta-cement-report-of-two-cases
#11
Miriam Graziele Magro, Milton Carlos Kuga, Weber Adad Ricci, Kátia Cristina Keine, Mateus Rodrigues Tonetto, Suellen Linares Lima, Alvaro Henrique Borges, Lauriê Garcia Belizário, Matheus Coêlho Bandeca
Teeth with open apices, such as in immature teeth or those with apical root resorption are clinical cases with difficult immediate resolution. With the use of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) in dentistry, it was possible to optimize the treatment time of these cases by immediate placement of apical plug and the root canal filling. However, some negative effects can occur if MTA is extruded beyond the apex. To avoid this accident, it has been recommended to use of an apical matrix prior to placement of MTA...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512490/in-vitro-cytotoxicity-of-a-new-nano-root-canal-sealer-on-human-gingival-fibroblasts
#12
Maryam Javidi, Parisa Dastmalchi, Mina Zarei, Maryam Shayani Rad, Ahmad Ghorbani
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity of a new nano zinc-oxide eugenol (NZOE) sealer on human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) compared with Pulpdent (micro-sized ZOE sealer) and AH-26 (resin-based sealer). METHODS AND MATERIALS: The Pulpdent, AH-26, and NZOE sealers were prepared and exposed to cell culture media immediately after setting, and 24 h and one week after setting. Then, the primary cultured HGFs were incubated for 24 h with different dilutions (1:1 to 1:32) of each sealer extract...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512488/in-vitro-microleakage-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-calcium-enriched-mixture-cement-and-biodentine-intra-orifice-barriers
#13
Fatemeh Ramezanali, Sasan Aryanezhad, Fatemeh Mohammadian, Fatemeh Dibaji, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard
INTRODUCTION: This in vitro study compared the coronal microleakage of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement and Biodentine as intra-orifice barriers. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The study was conducted on 76 extracted single-canal human teeth. Their root canals were prepared using ProTaper rotary files and filled with gutta percha and AH-26 sealer using lateral condensation technique. Coronal 3 mm of the gutta percha was removed from the root canals and replaced randomly with MTA, CEM cement or Biodentine in the three experimental groups (n=22)...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512480/effect-of-intra-canal-calcium-hydroxide-remnants-on-the-push-out-bond-strength-of-two-endodontic-sealers
#14
Sholeh Ghabraei, Behnam Bolhari, Fatemeh Yaghoobnejad, Naghmeh Meraji
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intra-canal calcium hydroxide (CH) remnants after ultrasonic irrigation and hand file removal on the push out bond strength of AH-26 and EndoSequence Bioceramic sealer (BC Sealer). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 102 single-rooted extracted human teeth were used in this study. After root canal preparation up to 35/0.04 Mtwo rotary file, all the specimens received CH dressing except for 34 specimens in the control group...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512479/in-vitro-cytotoxicity-comparison-of-mta-fillapex-ah-26-and-apatite-root-canal-sealer-at-different-setting-times
#15
Farnaz Jafari, Marzieh Aghazadeh, Sanaz Jafari, Faraz Khaki, Fahime Kabiri
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to compare the cytotoxicity of MTA Fillapex, AH-26 and Apatite root canal sealers at different times after mixing. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this in vitro study, MTA Fillapex, AH-26 and Apatite root canal sealer were spilled uniformly by 40 µm mesh in a 96-well plate. Then, human fetal foreskin fibroblast cell line (HFFF2) were added to each sealer cell culture medium. Cytotoxicity was measured using MTT assay after 24, 48 and 72 h and seven days...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512477/physical-properties-and-chemical-characterization-of-two-experimental-epoxy-resin-root-canal-sealers
#16
Hengameh Ashraf, Farhood Najafi, Soolmaz Heidari, Manijeh Mohammadian, Saeede Zadsirjan
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the setting time, flow, film thickness, solubility, radiopacity and characterization analysis of three epoxy resin based sealers including two experimental sealers and AH-26. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Five samples of each material were evaluated for setting time, flow, film thickness, solubility and radiopacity according to ISO 6876 Standard. Characterization of sealers was performed under the scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492745/cytotoxicity-evaluation-of-root-canal-sealers-using-an-in-vitro-experimental-model-with-roots
#17
Ligia Teixeira, Fernanda Gonçalves Basso, Josimeri Hebling, Carlos Alberto de Souza Costa, Graziela Garrido Mori, Yara Teresinha Corrêa Silva-Sousa, Camila Fávero de Oliveira
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity of root canal sealers under conditions closely resembling a clinical reality. A primary human fibroblast cell line was seeded in 24-well acrylic plates with Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium supplemented with 10% serum fetal bovine (SFB) and incubated for 24 h. Root canals from premolars were filled and individually attached to nylon devices to be stabilized in the wells with the already seeded cells. Specimens were divided into groups as follows: Control: gutta-percha cones (GPC); AH Plus+GPC; Sealapex+GPC; MTA Fillapex+GPC and Endofill+GPC...
March 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469826/comparative-cytotoxicity-evaluation-of-eight-root-canal-sealers
#18
Claudio Poggio, Paolo Riva, Marco Chiesa, Marco Colombo, Giampiero Pietrocola
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to evaluate and compare the cytotoxic effects of eight root canal sealers (BioRoot RCS, TotalFill BC Sealer, MTA Fillapex, Sealapex, AH Plus, EasySeal, Pulp Canal Sealer, N2) on immortalized human gingival fibroblasts over a period of 24, 48 and 72 hours. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Immortalized human gingival fibroblast-1 HGF-1 (ATCC CRL-2014) were incubated. Root canal sealers were then placed into sterile, cylindrical Teflon moulds...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467618/effectiveness-of-xp-endo-finisher-and-xp-endo-finisher-r-in-removing-root-filling-remnants-a-micro-ct-study
#19
E J N L Silva, F G Belladonna, A S Zuolo, E Rodrigues, I C Ehrhardt, E M Souza, G De-Deus
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of filling material removal from oval-shaped canals after the use of supplementary files (XP-endo Finisher and XP-endo Finisher R) through micro-computed tomographic (micro-CT) analysis. METHODOLOGY: The root canals of twenty maxillary single-rooted teeth were prepared with Reciproc R25 files and filled with gutta-percha and AH Plus sealer using the continuous wave of condensation technique. The root canals were then retreated using Reciproc R25 and R40 instruments...
May 3, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459243/nanotechnology-in-dentistry-clinical-applications-benefits-and-hazards
#20
Govind Shashirekha, Amit Jena, Satyajit Mohapatra
Nanotechnology is emerging as an interdisciplinary field that is undergoing rapid development and has brought about enormous changes in medicine and dentistry. Nanomaterial-based design is able to mimic some of the mechanical and structural properties of native tissue and can promote biointegration. Nanotechnology has various applications in dentistry, including dentition renaturalization, therapy for dentin hypersensitivity, complete orthodontic realignment in a single visit, covalently bonding diamondized enamel, enhancing properties of root canal sealers, and continuous oral health maintenance using mechanical dentifrobots...
May 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
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