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folic acid and cancer

Wenhui Ma, Fanfan Fu, Jingyi Zhu, Rui Huang, Yizhou Zhu, Zhenwei Liu, Jing Wang, Peter S Conti, Xiangyang Shi, Kai Chen
We report the use of multifunctional folic acid (FA)-modified dendrimers as a platform to radiolabel with 64Cu for PET imaging of folate receptor (FR)-expressing tumors. In this study, amine-terminated generation 5 (G5) poly(amidoamine) dendrimers were sequentially modified with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FI), FA, and 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA), followed by acetylation of the remaining dendrimer terminal amines. The as-formed multifunctional DOTA-FA-FI-G5·NHAc dendrimers were then radiolabeled with 64Cu via the DOTA chelation...
March 16, 2018: Nanoscale
Barbara Bassi, Giacomo Dacarro, Pietro Galinetto, Enrico Giulotto, Nicoletta Marchesi, Piersandro Pallavicini, Alessia Pascale, Stefano Perversi, Angelo Taglietti
The last decade came across an increasing demand of theranostic biocompatible nanodevices, possessing the double ability of diagnosis and therapy. In this work, we report the design, synthesis and step-by-step characterization of rationally coated gold nanostars (GNS) for SERS imaging and photothermal therapy (PTT) of HeLa cancer cells. The nanodevice was realized synthesizing GNS with a seed-growth approach, coating them with a controlled mixture of thiols composed of a Raman reporter and a polyethylenglicol with a terminal amino group, and then reacting these amino groups with Folic Acid (FA), in order to impart selectivity towards cancer cells which overexpress folate receptors on their membranes...
March 16, 2018: Nanotechnology
Jing Li, Xiao Liang, Jun Zhang, Yunzhi Yin, Tiantian Zuo, Yiyue Wang, Xiaoming Yang, Qi Shen
In this study, heparin and polyethyleneimine-folic acid modified graphene oxide was designed and synthesized as a dual-targeting biomaterial to load doxorubicin (DOX@GPFH) with high loading capacity for enhanced cellular uptake. GDC0941, a phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase/Akt phosphorylation inhibitor, was selected to enhance anti-metastasis effect of DOX@GPFH via down-regulating expression of matrix metalloproteinase. Modified with heparin, the stability of DOX@GPFH was significantly enhanced and the drug loading ratio increased largely from 64...
March 12, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Dao-Ming Zhu, Lei Wu, Meng Suo, Song Gao, Wei Xie, Ming-Hui Zan, Ao Liu, Bei Chen, Wen-Tao Wu, Li-Wei Ji, Li-Ben Chen, Hui-Ming Huang, Shi-Shang Guo, Wen-Feng Zhang, Xing-Zhong Zhao, Zhi-Jun Sun, Wei Liu
Filtration of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in peripheral blood is of proven importance for early cancer diagnosis, treatment monitoring, metastasis diagnosis, and prognostic evaluation. However, currently available strategies for enriching CTCs, such as magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS), face serious problems with purity due to nonspecific interactions between beads and leukocytes in the process of capturing. In the present study, the tumor-targeting molecule folic acid (FA) and magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were coated on the surface of red blood cells (RBCs) by hydrophobic interaction and chemical conjugation, respectively...
March 15, 2018: Nanoscale
Huakang Tu, Colin P Dinney, Yuanqing Ye, H Barton Grossman, Seth P Lerner, Xifeng Wu
Background: Patients with cancer are highly concerned about food choices and dietary supplements that may affect their treatment outcomes. Excess folic acid (synthetic folate) from supplements or fortification can lead to accumulation of unmetabolized folic acid in the systemic circulation and urine and may promote cancer growth, especially among those with neoplastic alterations. Objective: We investigated the prospective association between synthetic compared with natural folate intake and clinical outcomes in non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), which is a highly recurrent disease...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Changqie Pan, Yuqing Liu, Minyu Zhou, Wensheng Wang, Min Shi, Malcolm Xing, Wangjun Liao
A multifunctional theranostic nanoplatform integrated with environmental responses has been developed rapidly over the past few years as a novel treatment strategy for several solid tumors. We synthesized pH-sensitive poly(β-thiopropionate) nanoparticles with a supermagnetic core and folic acid (FA) conjugation (FA-doxorubicin-iron oxide nanoparticles [FA-DOX@ IONPs]) to deliver an antineoplastic drug, DOX, for the treatment of folate receptor (FR)-overexpressed breast cancer. In addition to an imaging function, the nanoparticles can release their payloads in response to an environment of pH 5, such as the acidic environment found in tumors...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Likun Duan, Yan Zhao
Folate receptors are overexpressed on cancer cells and frequently used for targeted delivery. Creation of synthetic receptors to bind folic acid and its analogues in water, however, is challenging because of its complex hydrogen-bonding patterns and competition for hydrogen bonds from the solvent. Micellar imprinting within cross-linkable surfactants circumvented these problems because the nonpolar micellar environment strengthened the hydrogen bonds between the amide group in the surfactant and the template molecule...
March 7, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Samira Malekmohammadi, Hassan Hadadzadeh, Hossein Farrokhpour, Zahra Amirghofran
In the present study, a new sandwich-like nanocomposite as a multifunctional smart nanocarrier for curcumin (Cur) targeted delivery and cell imaging was prepared by immobilization of gold nanoparticles on folic acid-modified dendritic mesoporous silica-coated reduced graphene oxide nanosheets (AuNPs@GFMS). The physical and chemical properties of the nanocomposite were investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-Vis, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier transformation infrared (FT-IR), and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis...
March 7, 2018: Soft Matter
Weiwei Wang, Suqin Liu, Chengjie Li, Yan Wang, Chao Yan
A novel dual-target recognition sandwich strategy for selective capture and detection of MCF-7 breast cancer cells based on core-shell magnetic mesoporous silica (Fe3 O4 @nSiO2 @mSiO2 @apt) nanoparticles was developed. Fe3 O4 @nSiO2 @mSiO2 @apt nanoparticles, which were prepared by a layer-by-layer method and were used for the first time to capture cancer cells, have large surface areas, particularly accessible mesochannels, and good biocompatibility, enabling aptamers to be compactly anchored onto the surface of the core-shell magnetic nanoparticles...
May 15, 2018: Talanta
Ananya Deb, Nirmala Grace Andrews, Vimala Raghavan
The present study focuses on the development of a chitosan functionalized nanobiocomposite for the co-delivery of two anti-cancer drugs camptothecin (CPT) and 3,3'‑Diindolylmethane (DIM). The difference in the mechanism of action of the two drugs makes them a promising candidate to produce a synergistic effect against breast cancer. Herein a nanobiocomposite was developed by functionalizing a natural polymer chitosan to graphene oxide nanoparticles and decorated with folic acid. The nanobiocomposite thus synthesized was loaded with camptothecin and 3,3'‑Diindolylmethane and characterized by X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-visible spectroscopy (UV) and atomic force microscopy (AFM)...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Yue Hui, David Wibowo, Yun Liu, Rui Ran, Hao-Fei Wang, Arjun Seth, Anton P J Middelberg, Chun-Xia Zhao
The physicochemical properties of nanoparticles (size, charge, and surface chemistry, etc.) influence their biological functions often in complex and poorly understood ways. This complexity is compounded when the nanostructures involved have variable mechanical properties. Here, we report the synthesis of liquid-filled silica nanocapsules (SNCs, ∼ 150 nm) having a wide range of stiffness (with Young's moduli ranging from 704 kPa to 9.7 GPa). We demonstrate a complex trade-off between nanoparticle stiffness and the efficiencies of both immune evasion and passive/active tumor targeting...
March 2, 2018: ACS Nano
Elham Zeinizade, Mousa Tabei, Ali Shakeri-Zadeh, Habib Ghaznavi, Neda Attaran, Ali Komeili, Behafarid Ghalandari, Shayan Maleki, S Kamran Kamrava
In this study, we explained in detail a targeted nano-photo-thermal therapy (NPTT) method to induce selective apoptosis in cancer cells. Folate-conjugated gold nanoparticles (F-AuNPs) were synthesized by tailoring the surface of AuNPs with folic acid to enhance the specificity of NPTT. KB cancer cells, as a folate receptor over-expressing cell line, and L929 normal cells with low level of folate receptors were incubated with the synthesized F-AuNPs and then irradiated with various laser intensities and exposure durations...
February 27, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Jiaying Lin, Weiwei Hu, Fengli Gao, Jinbao Qin, Chen Peng, Xinwu Lu
It has been a great challenge to develop multifunctional fluorescent nanoprobes for tumor-targeted imaging. In this study, we developed folic acid (FA) gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) through diatrozic acid (DTA) linking for in vitro and in vivo targeted imaging of HeLa cervical cancer cells by computed tomography (CT). G5 dendrimers were used as templates to synthesize AuNPs within the interiors of dendrimers. The synthesized AuNPs were then sequentially modified by fluorescein isothiocyanate, FA, and DTA and the remaining terminal amines on the dendrimers were acetylated...
2018: Journal of Cancer
Prakhar Sengar, Patricia Juárez, Andrea Verdugo-Meza, Danna L Arellano, Akhil Jain, Kanchan Chauhan, Gustavo A Hirata, Pierrick G J Fournier
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy is a promising cancer therapy modality but its application for deep-seated tumor is mainly hindered by the shallow penetration of visible light. X-ray-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) has gained a major attention owing to the limitless penetration of X-rays. However, substantial outcomes have still not been achieved due to the low luminescence efficiency of scintillating nanoparticles and weak energy transfer to the photosensitizer. The present work describes the development of Y2...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Melina Rezvani, Javad Mohammadnejad, Asghar Narmani, Kazem Bidaki
In this work, chitosan/polycaprolactam nano-complex was synthesized and their micelles were formed as self-assembled amphiphilic nano-compartments. These micelles were utilize for drug delivery after loading quercetin as chemotherapeutic agent and delivery potency of this nano-complex was investigated. This nano-complex was also functionalized with folic acid in order to targeting delivery of nano-carrier to cancer cell lines. This fore dimensional nano-complex was successfully characterized based on UV-vis, FT-IR, DLS, and TGA analytical devices to confirm the synthesis...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Ying Yang, Shuxin Wang, Changzhi Xu, Anjian Xie, Yuhua Shen, Manzhou Zhu
A novel integrated system composed of hydrosoluble gold nanoclusters (AuNCs), two-level mesoporous canal silica, gelatin and folic acid was for the first time designed and synthesized, which could conquer poor stability of AuNCs and shows aggregation-enhanced fluorescence imaging, cancer cell-specific targeting, and synergistic photothermal/photodynamic therapies for the goal of personalized nanotheranostics.
February 26, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Athina Liaskoni, Athina Angelopoulou, Efstathia Voulgari, Maria-Teodora Popescu, Constantinos Tsitsilianis, Konstantinos Avgoustakis
Paclitaxel (PTX)-loaded gold nanoparticles functionalized with mercaptooctanoic acid (MOA) and folic acid (FA) (AuMOA-FA) were encapsulated within pH-sensitive poly(2-vinylpyridine)-b-poly(ethylene oxide) (P2VP-PEO) vesicles with the aim to develop a more selective injectable nano-formulation for PTX, lacking the side effects of the conventional PTX delivery system. The size of the resulting composite vesicles was lower than 200 nm, i.e. it is suitable for tumor targeting applications taking advantage of the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Nassim Naderi, James D House
The term folate (vitamin B9) refers to a group of water-soluble compounds that are nutritionally essential for the support of optimal human health and development. Folates participate in numerous one-carbon transfer reactions, including the methylation of important biomolecules (lipids, amino acids, DNA). A deficiency of folate leads to pathological outcomes including anemia and impairments in reproductive health and fetal development. Due to the linkage of impaired folate status with an increased prevalence of neural tube defects (NTDs) in babies, several jurisdictions required the fortification of the food supply with folic acid, a synthetic and stable form of folate...
2018: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Jeffrey B Blumberg, Regan L Bailey, Howard D Sesso, Cornelia M Ulrich
Micronutrient deficiencies occur in segments of the adult population in the United States. Multivitamin/multimineral supplements (MVMS) are widely used by this population, which reduces inadequacies in micronutrient intake, but the potential for exceeding tolerable upper intake levels in others should be considered. There are concerns associated with the excessive intake of certain nutrients, particularly folic acid, and potential untoward consequences. The advent of nutrigenomics and the enhanced ability to directly study the interactions between nutrition and genetic variants and expression will allow for the conduct of more targeted studies with specific endpoints and may ultimately lead to progress in the field of personalized nutrition...
February 22, 2018: Nutrients
Sofia Raniolo, Giulia Vindigni, Alessio Ottaviani, Valeria Unida, Federico Iacovelli, Antonio Manetto, Mariangela Figini, Lorenzo Stella, Alessandro Desideri, Silvia Biocca
Selective targeting is a crucial property of nanocarriers used for drug delivery in cancer therapy. We generated biotinylated octahedral DNA nanocages functionalized with folic acid through bio-orthogonal conjugation chemistry. Molecular modelling indicated that a distance of about 2.5 nm between folic acid and DNA nanocage avoids steric hindrance with the folate receptor. HeLa cells, a folate receptor positive tumour cell line, internalize folate-DNA nanocages with efficiency greater than 40 times compared to cells not expressing the folate receptors...
February 16, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
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