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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231702/effect-of-a-microbial-phytase-on-growth-performance-plasma-parameters-and-apparent-ileal-amino-acid-digestibility-in-youxian-sheldrake-fed-a-low-phosphorus-corn-soybean-diet
#1
Shaoping He, Rodolfo Frilles Medrano, Qifang Yu, Yixin Cai, Qiuzhong Dai, Jianhua He
Objective: This study investigated the effect of microbial phytase supplementation on growth performance, tibia ash, plasma parameters, apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of amino acid (AA) and apparent digestibility of nutrients in Youxian Sheldrakes fed with low-Phosphorus (P) corn-soybean diets. Methods: A total of 350 Youxian Sheldrakes (7d old) were randomly divided into 5 treatment groups: positive control (PC) group has adequate available P diet (0.42% and 0...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231540/organic-amine-catalytic-organosolv-pretreatment-of-corn-stover-for-enzymatic-saccharification-and-high-quality-lignin
#2
Chenglun Tang, Junqiang Shan, Yanjun Chen, Lingxia Zhong, Tao Shen, Chenjie Zhu, Hanjie Ying
A novel and efficient organic amine and organosolv synergetic pretreatment method was developed to overcome the recalcitrance of lignocellulose to produce fermentable sugars and high-quality salt-free lignin. After optimization of the process parameters, a delignification of 81.7% and total sugar yield of 83.2% (87.1% glucose, 75.4% xylose) could be obtained using n-propylamine (10mmol/g, biomass) as a catalyst and aqueous ethanol (60%, v/v) as a solvent. The susceptibility of the substrates to enzymatic digestibility was explained by their physical and chemical characteristics...
February 13, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231125/fundamental-study-on-the-impact-of-gluten-free-starches-on-the-quality-of-gluten-free-model-breads
#3
Stefan W Horstmann, Markus C E Belz, Mareile Heitmann, Emanuele Zannini, Elke K Arendt
Starch is widely used as an ingredient and significantly contributes to texture, appearance, and overall acceptability of cereal based foods, playing an important role due to its ability to form a matrix, entrapping air bubbles. A detailed characterisation of five gluten-free starches (corn, wheat, rice, tapioca, potato) was performed in this study. In addition, the influence of these starches, with different compositional and morphological properties, was evaluated on a simple gluten-free model bread system...
April 21, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231117/compositional-analysis-of-whole-grains-processed-grains-grain-co-products-and-other-carbohydrate-sources-with-applicability-to-pet-animal-nutrition
#4
Alison N Beloshapka, Preston R Buff, George C Fahey, Kelly S Swanson
Our objective was to measure the proximate, starch, amino acid, and mineral compositions of grains, grain co-products, and other carbohydrate sources with potential use in pet foods. Thirty-two samples from barley (barley flake, cut barley, ground pearled barley, malted barley, whole pearled barley, pearled barley flakes, and steamed rolled barley); oats (groats, ground oatmeal, ground steamed groats, instant oats, oat bran, oat fiber, oat flour, quick oats, regular rolled oats, steamed rolled oat groats, and steel cut groats); rice (brown rice, polished rice, defatted rice bran, and rice flour); and miscellaneous carbohydrate sources (canary grass seed, hulled millet, whole millet, quinoa, organic spelt hull pellets, potato flake, sorghum, whole wheat, and whole yellow corn) were analyzed...
March 25, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231060/improving-quality-in-the-preanalytical-phase-through-innovation-on-behalf-of-the-european-federation-for-clinical-chemistry-and-laboratory-medicine-eflm-working-group-for-preanalytical-phase-wg-pre
#5
Giuseppe Lippi, Geoffrey S Baird, Giuseppe Banfi, Karin Bölenius, Janne Cadamuro, Stephen Church, Michael P Cornes, Anna Dacey, Antoine Guillon, Georg Hoffmann, Mads Nybo, Lakdasa Devananda Premawardhana, María Salinas, Sverre Sandberg, Robbert Slingerland, Ana Stankovic, Sylte Marit Sverresdotter, Pieter Vermeersch, Ana-Maria Simundic
It is now undeniable that laboratory testing is vital for the diagnosis, prognostication and therapeutic monitoring of human disease. Despite the many advances made for achieving a high degree of quality and safety in the analytical part of diagnostic testing, many hurdles in the total testing process remain, especially in the preanalytical phase ranging from test ordering to obtaining and managing the biological specimens. The Working Group for the Preanalytical Phase (WG-PRE) of the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM) has planned many activities aimed at mitigating the vulnerability of the preanalytical phase, including the organization of three European meetings in the past 7 years...
February 23, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230784/the-effects-of-moderate-whole-grain-consumption-on-fasting-glucose-and-lipids-gastrointestinal-symptoms-and-microbiota
#6
Danielle N Cooper, Mary E Kable, Maria L Marco, Angela De Leon, Bret Rust, Julita E Baker, William Horn, Dustin Burnett, Nancy L Keim
This study was designed to determine if providing wheat, corn, and rice as whole (WG) or refined grains (RG) under free-living conditions will change parameters of health over a six-week intervention in healthy, habitual non-WG consumers. Measurements of body composition, fecal microbiota, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), and triglycerides were made at baseline and post intervention. Subjects were given adequate servings of either WG or RG products based on their caloric need and asked to keep records of grain consumption, bowel movements, and GI symptoms weekly...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229125/the-clinical-neuroanatomical-and-neuropathologic-phenotype-of-tbk1-associated-frontotemporal-dementia-a-longitudinal-case-report
#7
Carolin A M Koriath, Martina Bocchetta, Emilie Brotherhood, Ione O C Woollacott, Penny Norsworthy, Javier Simón-Sánchez, Cornelis Blauwendraat, Katrina M Dick, Elizabeth Gordon, Sophie R Harding, Nick C Fox, Sebastian Crutch, Jason D Warren, Tamas Revesz, Tammaryn Lashley, Simon Mead, Jonathan D Rohrer
INTRODUCTION: Mutations in the TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) gene have recently been shown to cause frontotemporal dementia (FTD). However, the phenotype of TBK1-associated FTD is currently unclear. METHODS: We performed a single case longitudinal study of a patient who was subsequently found to have a novel A705fs mutation in the TBK1 gene. He was assessed annually over a 7-year period with a series of clinical, cognitive, and magnetic resonance imaging assessments...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228732/c-terminus-methionene-specifically-involved-in-binding-corn-odorants-to-odorant-binding-protein4-in-macrocentrus-cingulum
#8
Tofael Ahmed, Tiantao Zhang, Zhenying Wang, Kanglai He, Shuxiong Bai
The soluble carrier proteins, OBPs carry odor components through sensilium lymph to specific receptors within the antennal sensilla to trigger behavioral responses. Herein, McinOBP4 was characterized from the Macrocentrus cingulum, which is the specialist parasitic insect of Ostrinia furnacalis for better understanding of olfactory recognition mechanism of this wasp. The classical odorant binding protein McinOBP4 showed good binding affinity to corn green leaf volatiles. RT-qPCR results showed that the McinOBP4 was primarily expressed in male and female wasp antennae, with transcripts levels differing by sex...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228262/targeting-dna-damage-response-in-prostate-cancer-by-inhibiting-androgen-receptor-cdc6-atr-chk1-signaling
#9
Styliani Karanika, Theodoros Karantanos, Likun Li, Jianxiang Wang, Sanghee Park, Guang Yang, Xuemei Zuo, Jian H Song, Sankar N Maity, Ganiraju C Manyam, Bradley Broom, Ana M Aparicio, Gary E Gallick, Patricia Troncoso, Paul G Corn, Nora Navone, Wei Zhang, Shuhua Li, Timothy C Thompson
Cell division cycle 6 (CDC6), an androgen receptor (AR) target gene, is implicated in regulating DNA replication and checkpoint mechanisms. CDC6 expression is increased during prostate cancer (PCa) progression and positively correlates with AR in PCa tissues. AR or CDC6 knockdown, together with AZD7762, a Chk1/2 inhibitor, results in decreased TopBP1-ATR-Chk1 signaling and markedly increased ataxia-telangiectasia-mutated (ATM) phosphorylation, a biomarker of DNA damage, and synergistically increases treatment efficacy...
February 21, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228158/flaxseed-oil-ameliorates-alcoholic-liver-disease-via-anti-inflammation-and-modulating-gut-microbiota-in-mice
#10
Xiaoxia Zhang, Hao Wang, Peipei Yin, Hang Fan, Liwei Sun, Yujun Liu
BACKGROUND: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) represents a chronic wide-spectrum of liver injury caused by consistently excessive alcohol intake. Few satisfactory advances have been made in management of ALD. Thus, novel and more practical treatment options are urgently needed. Flaxseed oil (FO) is rich in α-linolenic acid (ALA), a plant-derived n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). However, the impact of dietary FO on chronic alcohol consumption remains unknown. METHODS: In this study, we assessed possible effects of dietary FO on attenuation of ALD and associated mechanisms in mice...
February 22, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226409/effects-of-xylanase-supplementation-on-growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-blood-parameters-fecal-microbiota-fecal-score-and-fecal-noxious-gas-emission-of-weaning-pigs-fed-corn-soybean-meal-based-diet
#11
Ruixia Lan, Tianshui Li, Inho Kim
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of xylanase supplementation on nutrient digestibility, growth performance, blood parameters, fecal microflora shedding, fecal score and fecal noxious gas emission of weaning pigs fed corn-soybean meal based diet. A total of 150 weaning pigs with an average initial body weight (BW) of 7.85 ± 0.93 kg were randomly allocated to three treatments based on BW and sex (10 replicate pens with five pigs, two gilts and three barrows) were used in this 42-day trial...
February 22, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223971/response-surface-methodology-for-optimizing-the-production-of-biosurfactant-by-candida-tropicalis-on-industrial-waste-substrates
#12
Darne G Almeida, Rita de Cássia F Soares da Silva, Juliana M Luna, Raquel D Rufino, Valdemir A Santos, Leonie A Sarubbo
Biosurfactant production optimization by Candida tropicalis UCP0996 was studied combining central composite rotational design (CCRD) and response surface methodology (RSM). The factors selected for optimization of the culture conditions were sugarcane molasses, corn steep liquor, waste frying oil concentrations and inoculum size. The response variables were surface tension and biosurfactant yield. All factors studied were important within the ranges investigated. The two empirical forecast models developed through RSM were found to be adequate for describing biosurfactant production with regard to surface tension (R(2) = 0...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222307/survival-of-patients-with-colorectal-peritoneal-metastases-is-affected-by-treatment-disparities-among-hospitals-of-diagnosis-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#13
Koen P Rovers, Geert A Simkens, Pauline A Vissers, Valery E Lemmens, Victor J Verwaal, Andre J Bremers, Marinus J Wiezer, Jacobus W Burger, Patrick H Hemmer, Henk Boot, Wilhelmina M van Grevenstein, Wilhelmus J Meijerink, Arend G Aalbers, Cornelis J Punt, Pieter J Tanis, Ignace H de Hingh
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, surgery for peritoneal metastases of colorectal cancer (PMCRC) is centralised, whereas PMCRC is diagnosed in all hospitals. This study assessed whether hospital of diagnosis affects treatment selection and overall survival (OS). METHODS: Between 2005 and 2015, all patients with synchronous PMCRC without systemic metastases were selected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Treatment was classified as cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC), systemic therapy or other/no treatment...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221957/ochratoxin-a-concentrations-in-a-variety-of-grain-based-and-non-grain-based-foods-on-the-canadian-retail-market-from-2009-to-2014
#14
Beata Kolakowski, Sarah M O'Rourke, Henri P Bietlot, Karl Kurz, Barbara Aweryn
The extent of ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination of domestically produced foods sold across Canada was determined from 2009 to 2014 with sampling and testing occurring each fiscal year. Cereal-based, fruit-based, and soy-based food samples (n = 6,857) were analyzed. Almost half of the samples (3,200; 47%) did not contain detectable concentrations of OTA. The remaining 3,657 samples contained OTA at 0.040 to 631 ng/g. Wheat, oats, milled products of other grains (such as rye and buckwheat), and to a lesser extent corn products and their derived foods were the most significant potential sources of OTA exposure for the Canadian population...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221840/inhibition-of-fusarium-growth-and-mycotoxin-production-in-culture-medium-and-in-maize-kernels-by-natural-phenolic-acids
#15
Elena Ferruz, Susana Loran, Marta Herrera, Isabel Gimenez, Noemi Bervis, Carmen Barcena, Juan Jose Carramiñana, Teresa Juan, Antonio Herrera, Agustin Ariño
The possible role of natural phenolic compounds in inhibiting fungal growth and toxin production has been of recent interest as an alternative strategy to the use of chemical fungicides for the maintenance of food safety. Fusarium is a worldwide fungal genus mainly associated with cereal crops. The most important Fusarium mycotoxins are trichothecenes, zearalenone, and fumonisins. This study was conducted to evaluate the potential of four natural phenolic acids (caffeic, ferulic, p-coumaric, and chlorogenic) for the control of mycelial growth and mycotoxin production by six toxigenic species of Fusarium ...
October 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221839/a-limited-survey-of-aflatoxins-and-zearalenone-in-feed-and-feed-ingredients-from-pakistan
#16
Shahzad Zafar Iqbal, Muhammad Rafique Asi, Sonia Nisar, Khalid Mahmood Zia, Selamat Jinap, Noeen Malik
This work presents current information on the presence of aflatoxins (AFs) and zearalenone (ZEN) in feed and feed ingredients from Punjab, Pakistan. The 105 samples tested were concentrated feed, i.e., cotton seed meal (18 samples) and soybean meal (14), and feed ingredients, i.e., crushed corn (17), crushed wheat (15), barley (17). and poultry feed (24). Samples were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography equipped with a fluorescence detector. Analysis revealed that 69 of 105 samples were contaminated with AFs, and the highest mean concentrations of AFB1 (6...
October 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221188/treatment-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-patients-preferences-for-surgery-or-immunotherapy-with-imiquimod
#17
Margot M Koeneman, Brigitte A Essers, Cornelis G Gerestein, Anna J M van de Sande, Rogier J N T M Litjens, Dieuwke Boskamp, Medi F J Goossens, Heleen J Beekhuizen, Roy F P M Kruitwagen, Arnold J Kruse, Carmen D Dirksen
OBJECTIVE: Imiquimod has been studied as a noninvasive pharmacological treatment alternative to large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), to prevent long-term obstetric complications from surgical treatment. This study aims to investigate womens' preferences for treatment of high-grade CIN with imiquimod or LLETZ. METHODS: A labeled discrete choice experiment was conducted among 100 women with abnormal cervical cytology in 5 hospitals in the Netherlands between March 2014 and December 2015...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220811/aptamers-for-respiratory-syncytial-virus-detection
#18
Krisztina Percze, Zoltán Szakács, Éva Scholz, Judit András, Zsuzsanna Szeitner, Corné H van den Kieboom, Gerben Ferwerda, Marien I de Jonge, Róbert E Gyurcsányi, Tamás Mészáros
The identification of the infectious agents is pivotal for appropriate care of patients with viral diseases. Current viral diagnostics rely on selective detection of viral nucleic acid or protein components. In general, detection of proteins rather than nucleic acids is technically more suitable for rapid tests. However, protein-based virus identification methods depend on antibodies limiting the practical applicability of these approaches. Aptamers rival antibodies in target selectivity and binding affinity, and excel in terms of robustness and cost of synthesis...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217475/corns-in-scleroderma-an-underreported-entity
#19
Namitha Chathra, Ramesh M Bhat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217038/prediction-of-pest-pressure-on-corn-root-nodes-the-popp-corn-model
#20
Annika Agatz, Roman Ashauer, Paul Sweeney, Colin D Brown
A model for the corn rootworm Diabrotica spp. combined with a temporally explicit model for development of corn roots across the soil profile was developed to link pest ecology, root damage and yield loss. Development of the model focused on simulating root damage from rootworm feeding in accordance with observations in the field to allow the virtual testing of efficacy from management interventions in the future. We present the model and demonstrate its applicability for simulating root damage by comparison between observed and simulated pest development and root damage (assessed according to the node injury scale from 0 to 3) for field studies from the literature conducted in Urbana, Illinois (US), between 1991 and 2014...
2017: Journal of Pest Science
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