keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Corn

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340798/diagnostic-implications-of-a-small-voxel-reconstruction-for-loco-regional-lymph-node-characterization-in-breast-cancer-patients-using-fdg-pet-ct
#1
Daniëlle Koopman, Jorn A van Dalen, Hester Arkies, Ad H J Oostdijk, Anne Brecht Francken, Jos Bart, Cornelis H Slump, Siert Knollema, Pieter L Jager
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the diagnostic implications of a small-voxel reconstruction for lymph node characterization in breast cancer patients, using state-of-the-art FDG-PET/CT. We included 69 FDG-PET/CT scans from breast cancer patients. PET data were reconstructed using standard 4 × 4 × 4 mm3 and small 2 × 2 × 2 mm3 voxels. Two hundred thirty loco-regional lymph nodes were included, of which 209 nodes were visualised on PET/CT. All nodes were visually scored as benign or malignant, and SUVmax and TBratio(=SUVmax/SUVbackground) were measured...
January 16, 2018: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340635/nutrient-digestibility-response-to-sugarcane-bagasse-addition-and-corn-particle-size-in-normal-and-high-na-diets-for-broilers
#2
S K Kheravii, R A Swick, M Choct, S-B Wu
Improving diet digestibility is important to the broiler industry. Therefore, this study focused on optimizing the physical structure of feed ingredients and addition of dietary fiber as strategies to improve nutrient digestibility in low and high sodium diets. A total of 672 day-old Ross 308 male broilers was allocated to 48 pens using a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments with 2 particle sizes of corn (coarse 3,576 μm or fine 1,113 μm geometric mean diameter), 2 levels of sugarcane bagasse (SB) (0 or 2%), and 2 levels of Na (0...
January 11, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339439/idh1-2-mutations-sensitize-acute-myeloid-leukemia-to-parp-inhibition-and-this-is-reversed-by-idh1-2-mutant-inhibitors
#3
Remco J Molenaar, Tomas Radivoyevitch, Yasunobu Nagata, Mohammed Khurshed, Bartlomiej Przychodzen, Hideki Makishima, Mingjiang Xu, Fonnet E Bleeker, Johanna W Wilmink, Hetty Carraway, Sudipto Mukherjee, Mikkael A Sekeres, Cornelis J F Van Noorden, Jaroslaw P Maciejewski
PURPOSE: Somatic mutations in IDH1/2 occur in ~20% of patients with myeloid neoplasms, including acute myeloid leukemia (AML). IDH1/2MUT enzymes produce D-2-hydroxyglutarate (D2HG), which associates with increases in DNA damage and improved responses to chemo/radiotherapy and PARP inhibitors in solid tumor cells. Whether this also holds true for IDH1/2MUT AML is not known. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Well-characterized primary IDH1MUT, IDH2MUT and IDH1/2WT AML cells were analyzed for DNA damage and responses to daunorubicin, ionizing radiation and PARP inhibitors...
January 16, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337658/versicolorin-a-is-a-potential-indicator-of-aflatoxin-contamination-in-the-granary-stored-corn
#4
Daling Liu, Shuyao Zhang, Hao Wang, Min Yang, Dongsheng Yao, Chunfang Xie
The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of the predictive monitoring of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) under granary conditions, since mycotoxin contamination of the stored grain represents an important issue. Using the storage test, we investigated the relationship between versicolorin A (Ver A, an intermediate in AFB1 biosynthesis) levels and the levels of aflatoxigenic fungi, and their relationship with aflatoxin production. All samples, except for one, were found to be contaminated with aflatoxigenic fungi using PCR analyses, while their AFB1 levels were not detectable before the storage test using an ELISA method with an LOD of 2 μg/kg...
January 16, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337364/the-function-of-emulsions-on-the-biogenic-amine-formation-and-their-indices-of-sea-bass-fillets-dicentrarchus-labrax-stored-in-vacuum-packaging
#5
Yesim Ozogul, Mustafa Durmus, Esmeray Kuley Boga, Yılmaz Uçar, Fatih Ozogul
The impacts of emulsions based on commercial oils on the biogenic amine formation and their indices of vacuumed packed sea bass fillets were investigated. The results showed that among biogenic amines, cadaverine, putrescine, spermidine, spermine, serotonin, dopamine, and agmatine were predominant amines in sea bass fillets stored under vacuum packaging. Significant differences (P < 0.05) in biogenic amines concentrations of vacuumed packed sea bass treated with emulsions were observed. All groups contained histamine lower than 5...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337097/physical-and-antimicrobial-properties-of-starch-carboxy-methyl-cellulose-film-containing-rosemary-essential-oils-encapsulated-in-chitosan-nanogel
#6
Nafiseh Mohsenabadi, Ahmad Rajaei, Meisam Tabatabaei, Afshin Mohsenifar
This study was set to prepare a new active film by using a biodegradable bio-based source, i.e., corn starch. To achieve that, benzoic acid (BA) and chitosan (CS) were covalently bound and CS-BA nanogel was then obtained using self-assembly method. Subsequently, rosemary essential oil (REO) was encapsulated in CS-BA nanogel. Finally, REO in both free and encapsulated forms were incorporated in starch-carboxy methyl cellulose (CMC) films and their physical, mechanical and antimicrobial properties were studied...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335014/cost-effectiveness-study-of-early-versus-late-parenteral-nutrition-in-critically-ill-children-pepanic-preplanned-secondary-analysis-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Esther van Puffelen, Suzanne Polinder, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Pieter Jozef Wouters, Niek Bossche, Guido Peers, Sören Verstraete, Koen Felix Maria Joosten, Greet Van den Berghe, Sascha Cornelis Antonius Theodorus Verbruggen, Dieter Mesotten
BACKGROUND: The multicentre randomised controlled PEPaNIC trial showed that withholding parenteral nutrition (PN) during the first week of critical illness in children was clinically superior to providing early PN. This study describes the cost-effectiveness of this new nutritional strategy. METHODS: Direct medical costs were calculated with use of a micro-costing approach. We compared the costs of late versus early initiation of PN (n = 673 versus n = 670 patients) in the Belgian and Dutch study populations from a hospital perspective, using Student's t test with bootstrapping...
January 15, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334398/formation-of-shelf-stable-pickering-high-internal-phase-emulsions-hipe-through-the-inclusion-of-whey-protein-microgels
#8
Somayeh Zamani, Nicholas Malchione, Michael J Selig, Alireza Abbaspourrad
High internal phase emulsions (HIPE) prepared using whey protein microgels (WPMs) as a surfactant were demonstrated to have substantially higher stability than HIPEs prepared using similar loadings of non-gelled whey protein isolate (WPI) or Tween 20. Microgel colloids were prepared from WPI solutions by heat treatment at 85 °C in a narrow pH range (5.8-6.0) to particle sizes of approximately 90, 160 and 350 nm in diameter. ζ-potentials of the WPM increased in negativity with decreasing particle size from -7...
January 15, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332318/intraspecific-differences-in-plant-defense-induction-by-fall-armyworm-strains
#9
Flor E Acevedo, Michelle Peiffer, Swayamjit Ray, Robert Meagher, Dawn S Luthe, Gary W Felton
The underlying adaptive mechanisms by which insect strains are associated with specific plants are largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of herbivore-induced defenses in the host plant association of fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) strains. We tested the expression of herbivore-induced defense-related genes and the activity of plant-defensive proteins in maize and Bermuda grass upon feeding by fall armyworm strains. The rice strain caterpillars induced greater accumulation of proteinase inhibitors in maize than the corn strain caterpillars...
January 14, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331975/is-postoperative-bracing-after-pedicle-screw-fixation-of-spine-fractures-necessary-study-protocol-of-the-ornot-study-a-randomised-controlled-multicentre-trial
#10
Arjen Johannes Smits, Jaap Deunk, Agnita Stadhouder, Mark Cornelis Altena, Diederik Hendrik Ruth Kempen, Frank Willem Bloemers
INTRODUCTION: The most common surgical treatment of traumatic spine fractures is through a posterior approach using pedicle screws and rods. Postoperative treatment protocols including the use of postoperative orthoses however differ between hospitals and surgeons. A three-point hyperextension orthosis is designed to support proper posture and unload the anterior column. Some motion remains when wearing an orthosis, and its main value in postoperative treatment is therefore believed to be pain relief and patient confidence...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331820/using-vibrational-molecular-spectroscopy-to-reveal-association-of-steam-flaking-induced-carbohydrates-molecular-structural-changes-with-grain-fractionation-biodigestion-and-biodegradation
#11
Ningning Xu, Jianxin Liu, Peiqiang Yu
Advanced vibrational molecular spectroscopy has been developed as a rapid and non-destructive tool to reveal intrinsic molecular structure conformation of biological tissues. However, this technique has not been used to systematically study flaking induced structure changes at a molecular level. The objective of this study was to use vibrational molecular spectroscopy to reveal association between steam flaking induced CHO molecular structural changes in relation to grain CHO fractionation, predicted CHO biodegradation and biodigestion in ruminant system...
January 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331715/toxicokinetics-of-zn-and-cd-in-the-earthworm-eisenia-andrei-exposed-to-metal-contaminated-soils-under-different-combinations-of-air-temperature-and-soil-moisture-content
#12
M Nazaret González-Alcaraz, Susana Loureiro, Cornelis A M van Gestel
This study evaluated how different combinations of air temperature (20 °C and 25 °C) and soil moisture content (50% and 30% of the soil water holding capacity, WHC), reflecting realistic climate change scenarios, affect the bioaccumulation kinetics of Zn and Cd in the earthworm Eisenia andrei. Earthworms were exposed for 21 d to two metal-contaminated soils (uptake phase), followed by 21 d incubation in non-contaminated soil (elimination phase). Body Zn and Cd concentrations were checked in time and metal uptake (k1) and elimination (k2) rate constants determined; metal bioaccumulation factor (BAF) was calculated as k1/k2...
January 8, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331537/preparation-of-acetylated-nanofibrillated-cellulose-from-corn-stalk-microcrystalline-cellulose-and-its-reinforcing-effect-on-starch-films
#13
Li Cheng, Dongli Zhang, Zhengbiao Gu, Zhaofeng Li, Yan Hong, Caiming Li
Acetylated nanofibrillated cellulose (ANFC) with different degrees of substitution (DS) was prepared from corn-stalk microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) using chemical-mechanical combined processes. The physicochemical properties of nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) and ANFC were investigated together with the influence of added nanoparticles on the mechanical properties of starch films. The acetylation reaction was monitored by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and titration. Particle size and morphological of NFC and ANFC were studied by atomic force microscope (AFM)...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331459/garlic-allium-sativum-l-fed-to-dairy-cows-does-not-modify-the-cheese-making-properties-of-milk-but-affects-the-color-texture-and-flavor-of-ripened-cheese
#14
Giulia Rossi, Stefano Schiavon, Giovanna Lomolino, Claudio Cipolat-Gotet, Alberto Simonetto, Giovanni Bittante, Franco Tagliapietra
Garlic and garlic components have recently been proposed as ruminal activity modulators to reduce the enteric methane emissions of ruminants, but little is known of their influence on milk coagulation properties, nutrient recovery, cheese yield, and sensorial and rheological characteristics of milk and cheese. The present study assessed the effects of garlic and diallyl sulfide supplements on dry matter intake (DMI), productive performance, milk coagulation properties, cheese yield, milk and cheese sensory profiles, and rheological characteristics...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330509/transcriptome-analysis-reveals-carbohydrate-mediated-liver-immune-responses-in-epinephelus-akaara
#15
Yunxia Yang, Tao Han, Jia Xiao, Xinyu Li, Jiteng Wang
As the cheapest energy source, carbohydrates are used in fish feeds to improve physical quality and reduce catabolism of proteins and lipids. The liver is the primary organ for metabolism and is also an important site of immune regulation. Here, we investigated the effect of different dietary carbohydrate levels on growth and health by evaluating the liver transcriptome of Epinephelus akaara. In this study, E. akaara juveniles were fed diets containing few (0% corn starch), moderate (18% corn starch), and high (30% corn starch) levels of dietary carbohydrate...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329845/viscoelastic-behaviour-of-masa-from-corn-flours-obtained-by-nixtamalization-with-different-calcium-sources
#16
David Santiago-Ramos, Juan de Dios Figueroa-Cárdenas, José Juan Véles-Medina
The viscoelastic characteristics of nixtamalized corn masa were assessed by the dynamic oscillatory test. Masa samples were prepared with flours obtained by nixtamalization with different calcium sources: Ca(OH)2 (traditional), wood ashes (classic), CaCO3 (ecological), CaSO4 (ecological), CaCl2 (ecological), and Ca(C2H5COO)2 (ecological). A sample cooking without calcium source was used as control. Storage (G') and loss (G'') moduli were higher in masa from traditional and classic processes indicating a more elastic and viscous masa...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329806/effect-of-different-animal-fat-and-plant-oil-additives-on-physicochemical-mechanical-antimicrobial-and-antioxidant-properties-of-chitosan-films
#17
Lalehan Akyuz, Murat Kaya, Sedef Ilk, Yavuz Selim Cakmak, Asier M Salaberria, Jalel Labidi, Bahar Akyuz Yılmaz, Idris Sargin
Practical application of chitosan-essential oil blend films is limited due to the uneconomical extraction procedure of essential oils from plants. This study aimed to produce chitosan films blended with low cost and commercially available oils and fats consumed in daily human diet (olive, corn and sunflower oils, butter and animal fats). The study also focused on how physicochemical, biological and mechanical properties of chitosan blend films were influenced by the incorporation of oils and fats with varying unsaturation degrees...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329776/sequential-dark-and-photo-fermentation-hydrogen-production-from-hydrolyzed-corn-stover-a-pilot-test-using-11%C3%A2-m3-reactor
#18
Quanguo Zhang, Zhiping Zhang, Yi Wang, Duu-Jong Lee, Gang Li, Xuehua Zhou, Danping Jiang, Bo Xu, Chaoyang Lu, Yameng Li, Xumeng Ge
Pilot tests of sequential dark and photo fermentation H2 production were for the first time conducted in a 11 m3 reactor (3 m3 for dark and 8 m3 for photo compartments). A combined solar and light-emitting diode illumination system and a thermal controlling system was installed and tested. With dark fermentation unit maintained at pH 4.5 and 35 °C and photo fermentation unit at pH 7.0 and 30 °C, the overall biogas production rate using hydrolyzed corn stover as substrate reached 87.8 ± 3.8 m3/d with 68% H2 content, contributed by dark unit at 7...
January 4, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329399/yield-losses-in-transgenic-cry1ab-and-non-bt-corn-as-assessed-using-a-crop-life-table-approach
#19
Gerson A Silva, Marcelo C Picanço, Lino R Ferreira, Dalton O Ferreira, Elizeu S Farias, Thadeu C Souza, Nilson Rodrigues-Silva, Eliseu José G Pereira
In this study, we constructed crop life tables for Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner (Bt) Cry1Ab and non-Bt corn hybrids, in which yield-loss factors and abundance of predaceous arthropods were recorded during 2 yr at two locations. Corn kernel/grain was the yield component that had the heaviest losses and that determined the overall yield loss in the corn hybrids across years and locations. Yield losses in both corn hybrids were primarily caused by kernel-destroying insects. Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) and Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) were the key loss factors at one location, while at the other, the key loss factor was the silk fly larvae, Euxesta spp...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329197/long-term-functional-outcome-of-surgical-treatment-for-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#20
Jesse Peek, Cornelis G Vos, Çağdas Ünlü, Michiel A Schreve, Rob H W van de Mortel, Jean-Paul P M de Vries
First rib resection for thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is clinically successful and safe in most patients. However, long-term functional outcomes are still insufficiently known. Long-term functional outcome was assessed using a validated questionnaire. A multicenter retrospective cohort study including all patients who underwent operations for TOS from January 2005 until December 2016. Clinical records were reviewed and the long-term functional outcome was assessed by the 11-item version of the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH) questionnaire...
January 12, 2018: Diagnostics
keyword
keyword
33768
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"