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Factitious psychosis

C Courtin, L Mathieu, F Rongiéras, A Bertani, F Chauvin
The authors report an original clinical presentation of factitious disorders of the upper extremity in an ex-drug-addict patient with puffy hand syndrome. Chronic self-inflicted ulcerations appeared with sequential manner. The patient confessed deliberate self-harm and transfer of anxiety on his hands, the aspect of which had become intolerable. Association of puffy hand syndrome with comorbid psychosis and major depression explained immediate recurrence of ulcerations despite fitted medication and long-term psychotherapy...
September 2013: Chirurgie de la Main
Hengguang Zhao, Fuling Luo, Hui Li
Autoerythrocyte sensitization syndrome (AES) is a disorder characterized by recurrent, spontaneous, painful bruising in patients with underlying psychosis and neurosis. Its pathogenesis is uncertain. Purpuric lesions reproduced by injections of washed autologous erythrocytes suggest an autoimmune etiology. The authors described a 50-year-old woman who presented with recurrent episodes of painful bruising for 8 months, along with a 2-year history of general chronic neurodermatitis. A diagnosis of AES was made on the basis of the clinical symptoms and laboratory examinations results: the positive autoerythrocyte sensitization test and psychophysiologic derangement...
December 2012: Dermatology and Therapy
Belén Jiménez Gómez, Javier Quintero
The nosological conception of Ganser syndrome (GS) has evolved as the hysterical etiopathogenesis has been examined against psychosis, malingering, factitious disorders and/or organic lesions. Few articles and little scientific research and theory are available supporting the complicated diagnosis of GS. The similarities and differences between GS and factitious disorders and malingering are examined in depth here. More publications are needed on GS to clarify its nature and investigate its treatment and uncertain prognosis...
May 2012: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
Khalid Al Hawsawi, Elena Pope
Psychocutaneous disorders (PCDs) are conditions that are characterized by psychiatric and skin manifestations. Classifications of PCDs and their nomenclature are matters of debate. For the purpose of this review, we adopted the classification that distinguishes primary dermatologic disorders with psychiatric co-morbidity (PDDPC) from primary psychiatric disorders with dermatologic manifestations (PPDDM). PDDPC includes the psychophysiologic disorders such as atopic eczema, psoriasis, vitiligo, and alopecia areata...
August 1, 2011: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Susan Waite, Andy Geddes
OBJECTIVE: To describe a patient with feigned psychosis who was admitted to an acute psychiatric unit under the Mental Health Act, and to discuss the clinical features of malingering in this treatment setting. METHOD: Case report. RESULTS: A 40-year-old man with no known past psychiatric history was brought by police to the Emergency Department. He gave a history of paranoia, hallucinations and bizarre behaviour and was admitted to a secure ward...
December 2006: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
S Verraes-Derancourt, C Derancourt, F Poot, M Heenen, P Bernard
BACKGROUND: The outcome for patients with dermatitis artefacta is not well known. The primary objective of this single-centre retrospective study was to describe the initial clinical aspects and the prognosis of the disease. The secondary objective was to describe the somatic and psychological management and long-term treatment of these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Records of patients with dermatitis artefacta followed in the dermatology department over the 15 last years were reviewed independently by 2 dermatologists...
March 2006: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Aleksandar A Jovanović, Vesna R Popović, Slobodan Savić, Djordje Alempijević, Nada Janković
This review deals with bibliography on Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSbP). The name of this disorder was introduced by English psychiatrist Roy Meadow who pointed to diagnostic difficulties as well as to serious medical and legal connotations of MSbP. MSbP was classified in DSM-IV among criteria sets provided for further study as "factitious disorder by proxy", while in ICD-10, though not explicitly cited, MSbP might be classified as "factitious disorders" F68.1. MSbP is a special form of abuse where the perpetrator induces somatic or mental symptoms of illness in the victim under his/her care and then persistently presents the victims for medical examinations and care...
March 2005: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Meinolf Noeker
Similar to the adult patient, a child or adolescent may actively feign or produce artificial symptoms (synonymous: Munchausen syndrome). The more frequent case is that the child suffers from being an object of symptom fabrication induced by a close person caring for the child, regularly the mother (Munchausen syndrome by proxy). This review focuses on psychopathological aspects of the clinically more relevant factitious disorder by proxy. Typical behaviour and personality characteristics are presented that can be taken as clinical warning signs...
September 2004: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Catherine Stayer, Alexandra Sporn, Nitin Gogtay, Julia Tossell, Marge Lenane, Peter Gochman, Judith L Rapoport
Extensive experience with the diagnosis of childhood-onset schizophrenia indicates a high rate of false positives. Most mislabeled patients have chronic disabling, affective, or behavioral disorders. The authors report the cases of three children who passed stringent initial childhood-onset schizophrenia "screens" but had no chronic psychotic disorder. For two, the European literature yielded more fitting diagnoses: psychosis not otherwise specified (e.g., reactive or psychogenic psychosis, paranoid schizophrenia), single episode in full remission (e...
August 2004: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Aleksandar J Ristić, Igor Petrović, Nikola Vojvodić, Slavko Janković, Dragoslav Sokić
INTRODUCTION: Psychogenic nonepileptic seizure (PNES) is a sudden change in a person's behavior, perception, thinking, or feeling that is usually time limited and resembles, or is mistaken for, epilepsy but does not have the characteristic electroencephalographic (EEG) changes that accompanies a true epileptic seizure [1]. It is considered that PNES is a somatic manifestation of mental distress, in response to a psychological conflict or other stressors [2]. A wide spectrum of clinical presentation includes syncope, generalized tonic-clonic seizure, simple and complex partial seizure, myoclonic seizure, frontal lobe seizures and status epilepticus [3]...
January 2004: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
W Harth, K Mayer, R Linse
The borderline syndrome is one of the most severe disturbances of psychosomatic dermatology. Patients with borderline syndrome are situated 'on the border' of psychosis, neurosis and personality disorders. The skin as a borderline organ carries a symbolic role. The clinical picture includes artefactual skin diseases due to self-mutilation by conscious or unconscious cutting, and rubbing, scratching or para-artefactual manipulations of pre-existing dermatoses. Leading symptoms of the borderline syndrome are poor impulse control, emotional instability and poor ego strength with low frustration tolerance and unstable personal relationships...
July 2004: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Ioanna Savvidou, Vasilis P Bozikas, Athanasios Karavatos
The diagnosis of factitious disorder by proxy is still under investigation. Few studies have researched the psychological status and potential underlying psychopathology of the perpetrator, as well as the impact on the child's development and the pathological reactions of rearing a child within the context of a distorted reality. In this article, we present the case of a 12-year-old boy where this diagnosis was suspected. Both he and his parents brought forth false allegations of repeated physical abuse induced by his schoolteacher...
2002: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
C Raulin, J Rauh, B Tögel
We report on a 59-year-old teacher suffering for approximately 5 years from multiple dermatological changes, some of which are artificially induced and some of which are imaginary. The patient believes these manifestations are the result of neighbors shooting at her with lasers. Her husband is also convinced of the veracity of these impressions. We interpret her notion of almost daily laser attacks to a skin-related paranoid/hallucinatory psychosis with the involvement of her husband in a "folie à deux".
December 2001: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
D G Folks, J K Warnock
Dermatologic conditions are commonly associated with psychiatric sequella, eg, urticaria, alopecia, psoriasis, or acne. Moreover, the onset and course of dermatologic disorders may be significantly influenced by stress, emotional disturbances, or psychiatric disorder. Compulsions involving the skin, excoriations, or hair pulling (trichotillomania) are the more frequently encountered problems. In some cases, skin conditions are self-induced or reflect signs or symptoms of an underlying psychiatric disorder, including psychosis or obsessive-compulsive disorder...
June 2001: Current Psychiatry Reports
P Tyrer, N Babidge, J Emmanuel, N Yarger, M Ranger
The possession of severe mental illness, mainly schizophrenia and affective psychosis, may be perceived in positive terms. We have identified a group of patients, most of them with a history of previous psychotic disorder, who present with deliberately created symptoms and behaviour, and who are defined as having instrumental psychosis. Because most such patients have had a psychotic disorder in the past the symptoms are very like those of a real psychosis. A parallel is drawn with the fictional anti-hero of the Czech nation, the Good Soldier Svejk, who demonstrated both real and instrumental psychosis...
January 2001: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
F Limosin, J Adès
BACKGROUND: Munchausen syndrome is frequently observed in men unlike other factitious conditions. The patient presents a characteristic triad: apparently acute but factitious disorders, migration from hospital to hospital resulting in unnecessary explorations and treatments, and fabulated medical history. CASE REPORT: A 57-year-old man was hospitalized in the psychiatric unit for alleged insomnia, psychomotor excitation and multiple hallucinatory phenomena. The factitious nature of the patientís condition was rapidly suspected in light of the large number of previous unconfirmed medical conditions and a rather unbelievable history...
September 18, 1999: La Presse Médicale
D Sigmund
Clinical observation shows that hysteria can produce states that are difficult to differentiate from all forms of endogenous psychoses. Using phenomenological methodology, the elements and qualities of these hysterical states are analysed and described. It is demonstrated that the phenomena are properties of hysterical personalities, intensified and pronounced, but nevertheless intra- and extrapsychically targeted as "useful", i.e. serving a purpose. Phenomena that would be characteristic of real psychoses, are never seen...
September 1997: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
C Otto, W O Richter
Hypoglycemia is often associated with typical, but not specific symptoms. A differentiation is made between neuroglucopenic symptoms (e.g., confusion, somnolence) on the one hand, and those that arise as a result of the counterregulatory response of the sympathetic nervous system (e.g., tremor, sweating), on the other. The diagnosis of hypoglycemia can cause considerable problems, in particular when only isolated single symptoms present (e.g., confusion, psychosis, seizures, coma). For the elective clarification of recurrent hypoglycemia, further diagnostic examinations (e...
February 28, 1997: Fortschritte der Medizin
H Spivak, G Rodin, A Sutherland
Factitious disorder (FD) is a form of somatization that involves apparent deception, simulation of illness, and imposture. This deception may be distinguished from other forms of lying in that patients with FD may suffer from underlying disturbances in the sense of reality and in reality testing. These features may be associated with a poorly consolidated sense of self and with difficulty regarding emotional experience as real. Factitious behavior may serve to stabilize the sense of self by concretizing and legitimizing the subjective experience of distress and by evoking responsiveness of a care-giver in a relatively safe, structured context...
January 1994: Psychosomatics
M Günter, R Boos
There are very few publications about the induction of emotional disturbances in Munchausen by proxy syndrome, although we see these children in our clinical work. While the pathology of the inducing mothers has been described quite well, the equally important question of pathological reactions of the child, which is a major factor at least in adolescents, has not yet been discussed. We present an unusual case of induced borderline psychosis and discuss the above mentioned aspect in relation to several psychopathological concepts, particularly Erikson's identity diffusion and folie à deux...
May 1994: Der Nervenarzt
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