keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neonate, preterm,term

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222717/causes-of-death-in-very-preterm-infants-cared-for-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Tim Schindler, Louise Koller-Smith, Kei Lui, Barbara Bajuk, Srinivas Bolisetty
BACKGROUND: While there are good data to describe changing trends in mortality and morbidity rates for preterm populations, there is very little information on the specific causes and pattern of death in terms of age of vulnerability. It is well established that mortality increases with decreasing gestational age but there are limited data on the specific causes that account for this increased mortality. The aim of this study was to establish the common causes of hospital mortality in a regional preterm population admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222133/maternal-psychological-stress-induced-developmental-disability-neonatal-mortality-and-stillbirth-in-the-offspring-of-wistar-albino-rats
#2
Sakthivel Govindaraj, Annadurai Shanmuganathan, Ravindran Rajan
BACKGROUND: Stress is an inevitable part of life, and maternal stress during the gestational period has dramatic effects in the early programming of the physiology and behavior of offspring. The developmental period is crucial for the well-being of the offspring. Prenatal stress influences the developmental outcomes of the fetus, in part because the developing brain is particularly vulnerable to stress. The etiology of birth defects of the offspring is reported to be 30-40% genetic and 7-10% multifactorial, with the remaining 50% still unknown and also there is no clear cause for neonatal mortality and still-birth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215177/cutaneous-changes-in-neonates-in-the-first-72-hours-of-birth-an-observational-study
#3
Nayantara R Gandra, Harshita B Reddy, Tina P Katta
BACKGROUND: Variation in neonatal skin changes and presentation is a frequent occurrence. We studied the pattern of cutaneous manifestations in new-borns <72 hours of birth. METHOD: We included all live babies delivered in our hospital; Babies were categorised according to age, birth weight and gestational age. Neonates were examined within 24 hrs of birth and daily for skin lesions for 72 hrs. Skin lesions were categorised into physiological, transient eruptions, due to infections, congenital anomalies and miscellaneous...
February 16, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212393/infant-mortality-and-morbidity-associated-with-preterm-and-small-for-gestational-age-births-in-southern-mozambique-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Alberto L García-Basteiro, Llorenç Quintó, Eusebio Macete, Azucena Bardají, Raquel González, Arsenio Nhacolo, Betuel Sigauque, Charfudin Sacoor, María Rupérez, Elisa Sicuri, Quique Bassat, Esperança Sevene, Clara Menéndez
BACKGROUND: Preterm and small for gestational age (SGA) births have been associated with adverse outcomes during the first stages of life. We evaluated the morbidity and mortality associated with preterm and SGA births during the first year of life in a rural area of Southern Mozambique. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using previously collected data from children born at the Manhiça District Hospital in two different periods (2003-2005 and 2010-2012)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211648/cognitive-development-in-preterm-infants-multi-faceted-deficits-reflect-vulnerability-of-rigorous-neurodevelopmental-pathways
#5
Jessie R Maxwell, Tracylyn R Yellowhair, Akosua Y Oppong, Jenny E Camacho, Jean R Lowe, Lauren L Jantzie, Robin K Ohls
Prematurity remains the major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality, with 15 million preterm births occurring worldwide in 2010. Infants born less than 37 weeks gestation are at high risk of abnormal neurodevelopmental outcomes, given that the central nervous system is extremely sensitive to an abnormal intra- and extra-uterine environment. Children born preterm have multiple neurodevelopmental sequelae involving dynamic and complex cognitive deficits. Former preterm infants have difficulty with each domain of cognition, including executive function, language, learning and memory, complex attention, perceptual-motor function and social cognition when compared to children born at term...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208965/long-term-outcomes-of-kangaroo-mother-care-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#6
Sunil Gavhane, Deepak Eklare, Haseeb Mohammad
INTRODUCTION: Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) has been gaining acceptance as an effective alternative to incubator based Conventional Medical Care (CMC) in preterm or Low Birth Weight (LBW) infants especially in resource scarce developing countries. AIM: To report and analyse the long-term effects of KMC for relatively stable Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) infants on nutritional indicators and feeding conditions at 6-12 months of corrected age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was done at a Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of a teaching institution in southern India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205208/skin-to-skin-care-for-procedural-pain-in-neonates
#7
REVIEW
Celeste Johnston, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Timothy Disher, Britney Benoit, Ananda Fernandes, David Streiner, Darlene Inglis, Rebekah Zee
BACKGROUND: Skin-to-skin care (SSC), often referred to as 'kangaroo care' (KC) due to its similarity with marsupial behaviour of ventral maternal-infant contact, is one non-pharmacological intervention for pain control in infants. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives were to determine the effect of SSC alone on pain from medical or nursing procedures in neonates compared to no intervention, sucrose or other analgesics, or additions to simple SSC such as rocking; and to determine the effects of the amount of SSC (duration in minutes), method of administration (e...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204778/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-role-of-brief-delay-in-cord-clamping-in-preterm-neonates-34-36-weeks-on-short-term-neurobehavioural-outcome
#8
Vikram Datta, Aditi Kumar, Reena Yadav
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203255/the-influencing-factors-on-procalcitonin-values-in-newborns-with-noninfectious-conditions-during-the-first-week-of-life
#9
Jueseong Lee, Yong Hyeon Bang, Eun Hee Lee, Byung Min Choi, Young Sook Hong
PURPOSE: Although procalcitonin (PCT) level is useful for the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis, PCT reliability is inconsistent because of the varied conditions encountered in neonatal intensive care units. This study aimed to investigate PCT levels and factors influencing increased PCT levelin newborns without bacterial infection during the first week of life. METHODS: In newborns hospitalized between March 2013 and October 2015, PCT levels were measured on the first, third, and seventh days after birth...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202111/-mortality-rate-and-cause-of-death-in-hospitalized-neonates-an-analysis-of-480-cases
#10
Feng-Dan Xu, Xiang-Yong Kong, Zhi-Chun Feng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mortality rate and the cause of death of hospitalized neonates. METHODS: The clinical data of 480 neonates who died between January 2008 and December 2014 were collected. The mortality rates of neonates with different gestational ages, birth weights, sexes, and ages in days were analyzed. The abnormal perinatal factors, cause of death, and death grade were summarized. RESULTS: Among the 41 910 hospitalized neonates, 480 (1...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202109/-early-intellectual-developmental-outcome-of-late-preterm-infants
#11
Teng-Wei Zhang, Fa-Tao Lin, Yan-Yan Song, Lan-Xiu Wang, Yue-Ju Cai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the early intellectual developmental outcome of late preterm infants. METHODS: A total of 106 late preterm infants with a gestational age of 34-36(+6) weeks who were admitted to the neonatal ward between January 2012 and January 2015, cured, discharged, and regularly followed up at the outpatient service for high-risk children were enrolled as the preterm group. A total of 120 healthy full-term infants during the same period were randomly selected as the term group...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196885/hemoglobin-phase-of-oxygenation-and-deoxygenation-in-early-brain-development-measured-using-fnirs
#12
Hama Watanabe, Yoshihiko Shitara, Yoshinori Aoki, Takanobu Inoue, Shinya Tsuchida, Naoto Takahashi, Gentaro Taga
A crucial issue in neonatal medicine is the impact of preterm birth on the developmental trajectory of the brain. Although a growing number of studies have shown alterations in the structure and function of the brain in preterm-born infants, we propose a method to detect subtle differences in neurovascular and metabolic functions in neonates and infants. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) was used to obtain time-averaged phase differences between spontaneous low-frequency (less than 0.1 Hz) oscillatory changes in oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) and those in deoxygenated hemoglobin (deoxy-Hb)...
February 14, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196405/psychosocial-interventions-for-supporting-women-to-stop-smoking-in-pregnancy
#13
REVIEW
Catherine Chamberlain, Alison O'Mara-Eves, Jessie Porter, Tim Coleman, Susan M Perlen, James Thomas, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking remains one of the few preventable factors associated with complications in pregnancy, and has serious long-term implications for women and babies. Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy on smoking behaviour and perinatal health outcomes...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196391/pentoxifylline-treatment-of-very-low-birth-weight-neonates-with-nosocomial-sepsis
#14
Şahin Hamilçıkan, Emrah Can, Övgü Büke, Meltem Erol, Özlem Bostan Gayret
Objective The objective of this study was to assess the result of intravenous pentoxifylline as an adjunct to antibiotic therapy on mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm neonates with nosocomial sepsis. Methods For the 18 VLBW preterm neonates, as an adjunct therapy to antibiotics regimens, pentoxifylline (5 mg/kg/h for 6 hours) was administered to premature infants with sepsis on 3 successive days. Clinical and laboratory parameters were recorded before and after treatment. Results Following pentoxifylline therapy, the immature-to-total neutrophil ratio and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were significantly decreased, while the blood pH and base excess were significantly increased (p < 0...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192509/drug-versus-placebo-randomized-controlled-trials-in-neonates-a-review-of-clinicaltrials-gov-registry
#15
Emilie Desselas, Claudia Pansieri, Stephanie Leroux, Maurizio Bonati, Evelyne Jacqz-Aigrain
BACKGROUND: Despite specific initiatives and identified needs, most neonatal drugs are still used off-label, with variable dosage administrations and schedules. In high risk preterm and term neonates, drug evaluation is challenging and randomized controlled trials (RCT) are difficult to conduct and even more is the use of a placebo, required in the absence of a reference validated drug to be used as comparator. METHODS: We analyzed the complete ClinicalTrials.gov registry 1) to describe neonatal RCT involving a placebo, 2) to report on the medical context and ethical aspects of placebo use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188770/fetal-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-born-before-32-weeks-of-gestation-according-to-antenatal-versus-postnatal-assessments-of-restricted-growth
#16
Isabelle Monier, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Anne Ego, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Cécile Lebeaux, Monique Kaminski, François Goffinet, Jennifer Zeitlin
BACKGROUND: Fetal growth restriction is defined using ultrasound parameters during pregnancy or as a low birthweight for gestational age (GA) after birth, but these definitions are not always concordant. OBJECTIVE: To investigate fetal and neonatal outcomes based on antenatal versus postnatal assessments of growth restriction. STUDY DESIGN: From the EPIPAGE 2 population-based prospective study of very preterm births in France in 2011, we included 2919 singleton non-anomalous infants 24 to 31 weeks' GA...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183829/retinal-structure-assessed-by-oct-as-a-biomarker-of-brain-development-in-children-born-small-for-gestational-age
#17
Victoria Pueyo, Teresa Pérez, Inmaculada González, Irene Altemir, Galadriel Gimenez, Esther Prieto, Cristina Paules, Daniel Oros, Javier Lopez-Pison, Nicolás Fayed, Gracián Garcia-Martí, Roberto Sanz-Requena, Miguel Angel Marin
PURPOSE: To identify differences in neuronal tissue from retinal and brain structures in children born small for gestational age (SGA) with no abnormality in neonatal brain ultrasonography and no previous neurological impairment, and to evaluate the relationship between retinal structure and brain changes in school-age children born SGA. METHODS: Two cohorts of children were recruited: 25 children born SGA and 25 children born with an appropriate birth weight according to gestational age...
February 9, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182680/sensory-modulation-in-preterm-children-theoretical-perspective-and-systematic-review
#18
Tinka Bröring, Kim J Oostrom, Harrie N Lafeber, Elise P Jansma, Jaap Oosterlaan
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental sequelae in preterm born children are generally considered to result from cerebral white matter damage and noxious effects of environmental factors in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Cerebral white matter damage is associated with sensory processing problems in terms of registration, integration and modulation. However, research into sensory processing problems and, in particular, sensory modulation problems, is scarce in preterm children. AIM: This review aims to integrate available evidence on sensory modulation problems in preterm infants and children (<37 weeks of gestation) and their association with neurocognitive and behavioral problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182644/multiple-strains-probiotics-appear-to-be-the-most-effective-probiotics-in-the-prevention-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-and-mortality-an-updated-meta-analysis
#19
Hung-Yang Chang, Jin-Hua Chen, Jui-Hsing Chang, Hung-Chih Lin, Chien-Yu Lin, Chun-Chih Peng
BACKGROUND: Some oral probiotics have been shown to prevent necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and decrease mortality effectively in preterm very low birth weight (PVLBW) infants. However, it is unclear whether a single probiotic or a mixture of probiotics is most effective for the prevention of NEC. OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis was conducted by reviewing the most up to date literature to investigate whether multiple strains probiotics are more effective than a single strain in reducing NEC and death in PVLBW infants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178739/methamphetamine-consumption-during-pregnancy-effects-on-child-health
#20
Jürgen Dinger, Patricia Hinner, Jörg Reichert, Mario Rüdiger
Methamphetamine abuse during pregnancy represents an emerging health care problem. The consequences are not only of relevance to the pregnant women, but also their unborn child. It is associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia and hypertension, fetal demise, preterm delivery, and intrauterine growth restriction. The deleterious effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure on the developing fetal brain may lead to long-term neuro-developmental and behavioral problems.Given the current evidence, abuse of methamphetamine during pregnancy must be of utmost concern to health care professionals and to policy-makers...
February 8, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
keyword
keyword
33754
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"