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Collagen supplement

Jiu-Chang Zhong, Zhen-Zhou Zhang, Ran Xu, Lai-Jiang Chen, Shu-Jie Guo, Ying-Le Xu, Gavin Oudit, Hai-Yan Jin, Bei Song, Qing Chang, Ping-Jin Gao, Ji-Guang Wang
OBJECTIVE: The Apelin/APJ system has recently been implicated in pathologies of hypertension. However, little was elucidated upon effects of Apelin on vascular adventitial remodeling progression. Here, we examined regulatory roles of Apelin in pressure overload-induced adventitial remodeling and fibrosis in hypertensive rats. DESIGN AND METHOD: The male Sprague-Dawley rats were performed with transverse aortic constriction (TAC). The rats with TAC were randomized to daily deliver either pyroglutamyl Apelin-13 (50 μg/kg) or saline for 4 weeks...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
A Artuso, C Caimmi, G Tripi, O Viapiana, M Bonifacio, L Idolazzi, I Gavioli, D Gatti, R Zanotti, M Rossini
Systemic Mastocytosis has been long identified as a potential cause of osteoporosis; nevertheless, data regarding longitudinal variation of bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with indolent systemic mastocytosis (ISM) are missing . We studied BMD variation at lumbar spine and proximal hip after 30-month (±6 months) follow-up in a large cohort of patients (83) with ISM without osteoporosis, supplementated with vitamin D and/or calcium when needed. We also analyzed the correlation between variation of BMD, basal serum tryptase levels and bone turnover markers (BTM)...
October 14, 2016: Calcified Tissue International
Kerstin Kick, Katharina Nekolla, Markus Rehberg, Angelika M Vollmar, Stefan Zahler
OBJECTIVE: Cell-matrix interactions are crucial for regulating cellular activities, such as migration. This is of special importance for morphogenic processes, such as angiogenesis (the development of new blood vessels). Most of our understanding of cell migration relies on 2-dimensional (2D) experiments. However, the awareness that 3D settings might elicit different results has increased. Knowledge about endothelial cell (EC) behavior in 3D environments and the influence of matrix composition on EC migration, in particular, is still limited...
October 13, 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Todd R Harris, Sean Kodani, Jun Yang, Denise M Imai, Bruce D Hammock
Exposure to the halogenated hydrocarbon carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) leads to hepatic lipid peroxidation, inflammation and fibrosis. Dietary supplementation of ω-3 fatty acids has been increasingly advocated as being generally anti-inflammatory, though its effect in models of liver fibrosis is mixed. This raises the question of whether diets high in ω-3 fatty acids will result in a greater sensitivity or resistance to liver fibrosis as a result of environmental toxicants like CCl4. In this study, we fed CCl4-treated mice a high ω-3 diet (using a mix of docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl esters)...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Ruiqing Yao, Miyuki Tanaka, Eriko Misawa, Marie Saito, Kazumi Nabeshima, Koji Yamauchi, Fumiaki Abe, Yuki Yamamoto, Fukumi Furukawa
Estrogen deficiencies associated with menopause accelerate spontaneous skin aging and stimulate the ultraviolet (UV) irradiation-induced photoaging of skin. However, food compositions with the potential to ameliorate the UV irradiation-induced acceleration of skin aging with menopause have not yet been investigated in detail. In the present study, we examined the ability of plant sterols derived from Aloe vera gel to prevent the UV irradiation-induced acceleration of skin aging in ovariectomized mice. Skin transepidermal water loss (TEWL) was significantly higher in the ovariectomy group than in the sham operation group following UVB irradiation, whereas skin elasticity was significantly lower...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Food Science
Carolina Schencke, Adriana Vasconcellos, Cristian Sandoval, Paulina Torres, Francisca Acevedo, Mariano Del Sol
BACKGROUND: In the context of the search for cost-efficient treatments, Ulmo (Eurcyphia cordifolia) honey is an excellent alternative for treating burn wounds and could have a profound medical, social, and economic impact. Ascorbic acid is an enzymatic co-factor necessary for the synthesis of collagen and the proliferation of fibroblasts and has been proposed as a coadjuvant to strengthen the healing effects of honey. The aim of this work was to evaluate by morphometric studies the healing wounds caused by burns treated with Ulmo honey alone and supplemented with ascorbic acid in guinea pig (Cavia porcellus)...
2016: Burns and trauma
Sayed Ali Ahmadi, Mostafa Jafari, Mohammad Reza Darabi, Ali Chehrei, Masoud Rezaei, Marjan Mirsalehi
BACKGROUND: Incomplete repair of the dura mater may result in numerous complications such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage and meningitis. For this reason, accurate repair of the dura mater is essential. In this study, the effect of systemic and local supplementation of L- arginine on dural healing was evaluated. METHOD: 30 male Wistar rats were utilized and divided into control, local and systemic L-arginine groups with ten rats in each. In each group, a 5 mm experimental incision was performed at the lumbar segment of the dura mater and CSF leakage was induced...
October 4, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Dustin M Lee, Micah L Battson, Dillon K Jarrell, Kimberly Cox-York, Michelle T Foster, Tiffany L Weir, Christopher L Gentile
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a Western diet (WD) and supplementation with Fuzhuan tea on large artery stiffness, as determined by aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV). METHODS: Mice were subjected to a standard diet (SD; n = 12) or WD (n = 10) for 7 mo, and were then separated to receive nonsupplemented drinking water (SD-W and WD-W) or water supplemented with Fuzhuan tea (SD-T and WD-T) (200 mg/kg daily); mice were then maintained on their respective diets for an additional 2 mo...
July 26, 2016: Nutrition
Ennet Moholisa, Arno Hugo, Phillip E Strydom, Ina van Heerden
BACKGROUND: Animal age as determined by number of permanent incisors (p.i) is used in classification of beef carcasses to describe expected meat tenderness. However, animals differing in age are reared under different production systems (pasture or feedlot). In addition to age, other factors associated with particular production systems may also influence the palatability of meat. Therefore, the effects of age combined with feeding regime and the supplementation of a beta-agonist (zilpaterol) on the tenderness of M...
September 22, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Toshiyuki Maezawa, Masayuki Tanaka, Miho Kanazashi, Noriaki Maeshige, Hiroyo Kondo, Akihiko Ishihara, Hidemi Fujino
Immobilization induces skeletal muscle fibrosis characterized by increasing collagen synthesis in the perimysium and endomysium. Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is associated with this lesion via promoting differentiation of fibroblasts into myofibroblasts. In addition, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are shown to mediate TGF-β1-induced fibrosis in tissues. These reports suggest the importance of ROS reduction for attenuating skeletal muscle fibrosis. Astaxanthin, a powerful antioxidant, has been shown to reduce ROS production in disused muscle...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
Pamela Vazquez-Gutierrez, Tomas de Wouters, Julia Werder, Christophe Chassard, Christophe Lacroix
The gut microbiota plays an important role in host health, in particular by its barrier effect and competition with exogenous pathogenic bacteria. In the present study, the competition of Bifidobacterium pseudolongum PV8-2 (Bp PV8-2) and Bifidobacterium kashiwanohense PV20-2 (Bk PV20-2), isolated from anemic infant gut microbiota and selected for their high iron sequestration properties, was investigated against Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhi) and Escherichia coli O157:H45 (EHEC) by using co-culture tests and assays with intestinal cell lines...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Massimiliano D'Imperio, Giacomina Brunetti, Isabella Gigante, Francesco Serio, Pietro Santamaria, Angela Cardinali, Silvia Colucci, Fiorenza Minervini
Food industries are increasingly oriented toward new foods to improve nutritional status and/or to combat nutritional deficiency diseases. In this context, silicon biofortification could be an innovative tool for obtaining new foods with possible positive effects on bone mineralization. In this paper, an alternative and quick in vitro approach was applied in order to evaluate the potential health-promoting effects of five silicon-biofortified leafy vegetables (tatsoi, mizuna, purslane, Swiss chard and chicory) on bone mineralization compared with a commercial silicon supplement...
October 3, 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
J L Leatherwood, K L Gehl, J A Coverdale, C E Arnold, R A Dabareiner, K N Walter, E D Lamprecht
Fourteen yearling Quarter horses (351 to 470 kg) were utilized in a randomized complete block design to evaluate potential of glucosamine hydrochloride (HCl) to mitigate intra-articular inflammation following a single inflammatory insult. Horses were blocked by BW, age, and sex, and randomly assigned to treatments for a 98-d experiment. Treatments consisted of a control diet (CON; = 7) fed 1% BW per d (as-fed) of concentrate only or a treatment diet ( = 7) of concentrate top dressed with 30 mg/kg BW glucosamine HCl (99...
August 2016: Journal of Animal Science
Laura E Sidney, Andrew Hopkinson
Keratocytes of the corneal limbal stroma can derive populations of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) when expanded in vitro. However, once a corneal MSC (cMSC) phenotype is achieved, regaining the keratocyte phenotype can be challenging, and there is no standardised differentiation medium. Here, we investigated the transition of keratocytes to cMSC and compared different supplements in their ability to return cMSC to a keratocyte phenotype. Immunofluorescence and RT-qPCR demonstrated in vivo keratocyte expression of ALDH3A1, CD34 and keratocan, but not any of the typical MSC markers (CD73, CD90, CD105)...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Yun-Yun He, Chun-Lei Liu, Xin Li, Rui-Jun Li, Li-Li Wang, Kun-Lun He
The phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 alpha (p-eIF2α) is essential for cell survival during hypoxia. The aim of this study was to investigate whether salubrinal, an inhibitor of p-eIF2α dephosphorylation could attenuate pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy in rats exposed to hypobaric hypoxia. PAH of rats was induced by hypobaric hypoxia. Salubrinal supplemented was randomized in either a prevention or a reversal protocol. At the end of the follow-up point, we measured echocardiography, hemodynamics, hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's trichrome stainings...
September 24, 2016: Vascular Pharmacology
B Hiemer, B Genz, A Jonitz-Heincke, J Pasold, A Wree, S Dommerich, R Bader
The regeneration of cartilage lesions still represents a major challenge. Cartilage has a tissue-specific architecture, complicating recreation by synthetic biomaterials. A novel approach for reconstruction is the use of devitalised cartilage. Treatment with high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) achieves devitalisation while biomechanical properties are remained. Therefore, in the present study, cartilage was devitalised using HHP treatment and the potential for revitalisation with chondrocytes and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was investigated...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Lisa A Lesniewski, Douglas R Seals, Ashley E Walker, Grant D Henson, Mark W Blimline, Daniel W Trott, Gary C Bosshardt, Thomas J LaRocca, Brooke R Lawson, Melanie C Zigler, Anthony J Donato
Inhibition of mammalian target of rapamycin, mTOR, extends lifespan and reduces age-related disease. It is not known what role mTOR plays in the arterial aging phenotype or if mTOR inhibition by dietary rapamycin ameliorates age-related arterial dysfunction. To explore this, young (3.8 ± 0.6 months) and old (30.3 ± 0.2 months) male B6D2F1 mice were fed a rapamycin supplemented or control diet for 6-8 weeks. Although there were few other notable changes in animal characteristics after rapamycin treatment, we found that glucose tolerance improved in old mice, but was impaired in young mice, after rapamycin supplementation (both P < 0...
September 22, 2016: Aging Cell
Yan Ji, Zhen Weng, Philip Fish, Neha Goyal, Mao Luo, Samantha P Myears, Tammy L Strawn, Bysani Chandrasekar, Jianbo Wu, William P Fay
OBJECTIVE: Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a serine protease inhibitor that promotes and inhibits cell migration, plays a complex and important role in adverse vascular remodeling. Little is known about the effects of pharmacological PAI-1 inhibitors, an emerging drug class, on migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and endothelial cells (ECs), crucial mediators of vascular remodeling. We investigated the effects of PAI-039 (tiplaxtinin), a specific PAI-1 inhibitor, on SMC and EC migration in vitro and vascular remodeling in vivo...
September 22, 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Thomas A Hogerheyde, Shuko Suzuki, Jennifer Walshe, Laura J Bray, Sally A Stephenson, Damien G Harkin, Neil A Richardson
Scaffolds prepared from silk fibroin derived from cocoons of the domesticated silkworm moth Bombyx mori have demonstrated potential to support the attachment and growth of human limbal epithelial (HLE) cells in vitro. In this study, we attempted to further optimize protocols to promote the expansion of HLE cells on B. mori silk fibroin- (BMSF-) based scaffolds. BMSF films were initially coated with different extracellular matrix proteins and then analysed for their impact on corneal epithelial cell adhesion, cell morphology, and culture confluency...
2016: Stem Cells International
Yun Xiao, Lewis A Reis, Nicole Feric, Erica J Knee, Junhao Gu, Shuwen Cao, Carol Laschinger, Camila Londono, Julia Antolovich, Alison P McGuigan, Milica Radisic
There is a clinical need for new, more effective treatments for chronic wounds in diabetic patients. Lack of epithelial cell migration is a hallmark of nonhealing wounds, and diabetes often involves endothelial dysfunction. Therefore, targeting re-epithelialization, which mainly involves keratinocytes, may improve therapeutic outcomes of current treatments. In this study, we present an integrin-binding prosurvival peptide derived from angiopoietin-1, QHREDGS (glutamine-histidine-arginine-glutamic acid-aspartic acid-glycine-serine), as a therapeutic candidate for diabetic wound treatments by demonstrating its efficacy in promoting the attachment, survival, and collective migration of human primary keratinocytes and the activation of protein kinase B Akt and MAPKp42/44 The QHREDGS peptide, both as a soluble supplement and when immobilized in a substrate, protected keratinocytes against hydrogen peroxide stress in a dose-dependent manner...
October 4, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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