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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192793/nonpharmacologic-therapies-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline
#1
Roger Chou, Richard Deyo, Janna Friedly, Andrea Skelly, Robin Hashimoto, Melissa Weimer, Rochelle Fu, Tracy Dana, Paul Kraegel, Jessica Griffin, Sara Grusing, Erika D Brodt
Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed nonpharmacologic treatment options for low back pain. New evidence is now available. Purpose: To systematically review the current evidence on nonpharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through February 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192789/noninvasive-treatments-for-acute-subacute-and-chronic-low-back-pain-a-clinical-practice-guideline-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#2
Amir Qaseem, Timothy J Wilt, Robert M McLean, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on noninvasive treatment of low back pain. Methods: Using the ACP grading system, the committee based these recommendations on a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials and systematic reviews published through April 2015 on noninvasive pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for low back pain. Updated searches were performed through November 2016...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183072/alternative-therapies-for-excoriation-skin-picking-disorder-a-brief-update
#3
Julio Torales, Iván Barrios, Jorge Villalba
Context • Excoriation (skin picking) disorder is characterized by the need or urge to pick, scratch, pinch, touch, rub, scrub, squeeze, bite, or dig the skin, and it can be a perplexing condition for the inexperienced physician. Treatments include pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, and alternative therapies. Alternative therapies for excoriation disorder and other body-focused repetitive behaviors include yoga, aerobic exercise, acupuncture, biofeedback, hypnosis, and inositol and N-acetylcysteine, among others...
January 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171813/effect-of-honeybee-stinger-and-its-microstructured-barbs-on-insertion-and-pull-force
#4
Jintian Ling, Zhenhua Song, Jiarui Wang, Keyun Chen, Jiyu Li, Shujia Xu, Lei Ren, Zhipeng Chen, Dianwen Jin, Lelun Jiang
Worker honeybee is well-known for its stinger with microscopic backward-facing barbs for self-defense. The natural geometry of the stinger enables painless penetration and adhesion in the human skin to deliver poison. In this study, Apis cerana worker honeybee stinger and acupuncture microneedle (as a barbless stinger) were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The insertion and pull process of honeybee stinger into rabbit skin was performed by a self-developed mechanical loading equipment in comparison with acupuncture needle...
January 25, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151093/acupuncture-for-the-treatment-of-adults-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Sean Grant, Benjamin Colaiaco, Aneesa Motala, Roberta Shanman, Melony Sorbero, Susanne Hempel
Acupuncture has been suggested as a treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet its clinical effects are unclear. This review aims to estimate effects of acupuncture on PTSD symptoms, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and sleep quality for adults with PTSD. We searched 10 databases in January 2016 to identify eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We performed random effects meta-analyses and examined quality of the body of evidence (QoE) using the GRADE approach to rate confidence in meta-analytic effect estimates...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112554/inpatients-preferences-beliefs-and-stated-willingness-to-pay-for-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-treatments
#6
Lori P Montross-Thomas, Emily A Meier, Kimberly Reynolds-Norolahi, Erin E Raskin, Daniel Slater, Paul J Mills, Lauray MacElhern, Gene Kallenberg
OBJECTIVES: Research demonstrates the benefits of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in myriad environments. Yet, the majority of CAM services are offered in outpatient settings. Incorporating CAM into hospital settings may lead to increased patient comfort, well-being, and overall satisfaction with hospital admissions. Few studies have examined CAM services among inpatients. Therefore, this study assessed inpatients' preferences and beliefs regarding CAM, as well as their stated willingness to pay for these services...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034725/mechanisms-of-acupuncture-on-vascular-dementia-a-review-of-animal-studies
#7
Yang Ye, Wen Zhu, Xue-Rui Wang, Jing-Wen Yang, Ling-Yong Xiao, Yi Liu, Xin Zhang, Cun-Zhi Liu
Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second leading type of dementia after Alzheimer's disease plaguing the aging population. Acupuncture has served as alternative and complementary medicine in the world for a long time and its use for VaD is based on a large body of preclinical and clinical researches. The mechanisms that underlie the protective effects of acupuncture are slowly beginning to be understood. Acupuncture influences multiple aspects of the pathological process of VaD. It improves cognitive function through protecting cerebral neurons from oxidative stress, apoptosis, and neuroinflammation, regulating glucose metabolism and neurotransmitters...
December 26, 2016: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929271/hormone-therapy-and-other-treatments-for-symptoms-of-menopause
#8
D Ashley Hill, Mark Crider, Susan R Hill
The results of large clinical trials have led physicians and patients to question the safety of hormone therapy for menopause. In the past, physicians prescribed hormone therapy to improve overall health and prevent cardiac disease, as well as for symptoms of menopause. Combined estrogen/progestogen therapy, but not estrogen alone, increases the risk of breast cancer when used for more than three to five years. Therefore, in women with a uterus, it is recommended that physicians prescribe combination therapy only to treat menopausal symptoms such as vasomotor symptoms (hot flashes) and vaginal atrophy, using the smallest effective dosage for the shortest possible duration...
December 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915092/acupuncture-ameliorates-inflammatory-response-in-a-chronic-unpredictable-stress-rat-model-of-depression
#9
Jun Lu, Run-Hui Shao, Shu-Ying Jin, Li Hu, Ya Tu, Jian-You Guo
Depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders. Chronic inflammatory response has been viewed as a key factor in depression. Acupuncture in Chinese medicine has been shown to be an effective treatment for depression. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism underlying antidepressant effect of acupuncture. The rats were subjected to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) for 28days to induce depressive-like behaviors. Acupuncture treatment was applied once every other day during the 28-day stress period...
January 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818695/evaluating-acupuncture-point-and-nonacupuncture-point-stimulation-with-eeg-a-high-frequency-power-spectrum-analysis
#10
Kwang-Ho Choi, O Sang Kwon, Seong Jin Cho, Sanghun Lee, Suk-Yun Kang, Seong Hun Ahn, Yeonhee Ryu
To identify physical and sensory responses to acupuncture point stimulation (APS), nonacupuncture point stimulation (NAPS) and no stimulation (NS), changes in the high-frequency power spectrum before and after stimulation were evaluated with electroencephalography (EEG). A total of 37 healthy subjects received APS at the LI4 point, NAPS, or NS with their eyes closed. Background brain waves were measured before, during, and after stimulation using 8 channels. Changes in the power spectra of gamma waves and high beta waves before, during, and after stimulation were comparatively analyzed...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782861/acupuncture-for-the-treatment-of-phantom-limb-syndrome-in-lower-limb-amputees-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-study
#11
Esmé G Trevelyan, Warren A Turner, Lynn Summerfield-Mann, Nicola Robinson
BACKGROUND: Post amputation, the complication of phantom limb pain (PLP) is prevalent and difficult to manage. This study aimed to determine whether it was feasible and acceptable to undertake a definitive multicentred randomised controlled trial assessing the effectiveness of acupuncture for treating lower limb amputees with PLP. METHODS: A mixed-methods embedded design, including a randomised controlled trial and semistructured interviews, was undertaken. A total of 15 participants with PLP were randomly assigned to receive either eight pragmatic Traditional Chinese Medicine acupuncture treatments and usual care or usual care alone over 4 weeks...
October 25, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776762/soluble-n-ethylmaleimide-sensitive-factor-attachment-receptor-snare-protein-involved-in-the-remission-of-depression-by-acupuncture-in-rats
#12
Ling Fan, Zhao Chen, Wenbin Fu, Nenggui Xu, Jianhua Liu, Aiping Lu, Ziping Li, Shengyong Su, Taixiang Wu, Aihua Ou
This study aims to investigate the molecular mechanisms of acupuncture in the remission of depression. A depressive disorder model was induced by exposing Sprague-Dawley rats to chronic unpredictable stress. The rats were divided into five groups: healthy (blank group) and stressed rats (model group), and stressed rats treated with acupuncture (acupuncture group), riluzole (riluzole group), acupuncture combined with botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) injection (acupuncture+BTX-A group) or riluzole combined with BTX-A injection (riluzole+BTX-A group)...
October 2016: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680977/antidepressant-like-effects-of-acupuncture-involved-the-erk-signaling-pathway-in-rats
#13
Xuhui Zhang, Yingzhou Song, Tuya Bao, Miao Yu, Mingmin Xu, Yu Guo, Yu Wang, Chuntao Zhang, Bingcong Zhao
BACKGROUND: The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway is considered to be associated with the pathogenesis and treatment of depression. Acupuncture has been demonstrated to ameliorate depression-related behavior and promote neurogenesis. In this study, we explored the role of the ERK signaling pathway in the antidepressant-like effects of acupuncture in rats exposed to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS). METHODS: Eighty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into eight groups: control group, model group, model + Acupuncture group (Acu group), model + fluoxetine group (FLX group), model + DMSO group (DMSO group), model + PD98059 group (PD group), model + Acupuncture + PD98059 group (Acu + PD group) and model + fluoxetine + PD98059 group (FLX + PD group)...
September 29, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658799/factors-affecting-whether-or-not-cancer-patients-consider-using-acupuncture
#14
Byeongsang Oh, Thomas Eade, Andrew Kneebone, Nick Pavlakis, Stephen Clarke, Guy Eslick, Jo River, Michael Back
OBJECTIVE: To explore the factors associated with utilisation of an acupuncture service in a tertiary oncology setting in an Australian public hospital. METHOD: Cancer patients attending oncology clinics at a university teaching hospital were invited to participate in the evaluation of acupuncture services from June 2014 to May 2015. Patients had a prior diagnosis of cancer (albeit at different stages) and were planning to receive, or were already receiving, systemic and/or radiation cancer treatment...
September 22, 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601311/battlefield-acupuncture-opening-the-door-for-acupuncture-in-department-of-defense-veteran-s-administration-health-care
#15
Patricia Hinton Walker, Arnyce Pock, Catherine G Ling, Kyung Nancy Kwon, Megan Vaughan
Battlefield acupuncture is a unique auricular acupuncture procedure which is being used in a number of military medical facilities throughout the Department of Defense (DoD). It has been used with anecdotal published positive impact with warriors experiencing polytrauma, post-traumatic stress disorder, and traumatic brain injury. It has also been effectively used to treat warriors with muscle and back pain from carrying heavy combat equipment in austere environments. This article highlights the history within the DoD related to the need for nonpharmacologic/opioid pain management across the continuum of care from combat situations, during evacuation, and throughout recovery and rehabilitation...
September 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594888/changes-in-the-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-and-immunity-in-chronic-psychological-stress-rats-and-therapeutic-effects-of-acupuncture-at-the-zusanli-point-st36
#16
Mucang Liu, Shenglin Zhang, Yue Gai, Mingzheng Xie, Qinghui Qi
Now, chronic psychological stress (CPS) related diseases are increasing. Many CPS patients have gastrointestinal complaints, immune suppression, and immune imbalance. Increasing evidence is indicating that acupuncture (AP) at the Zusanli point (ST36) can alleviate functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID), immune suppression, and immune imbalance. However, few studies have investigated the potential mechanisms. In this study, CPS rat models were established, and electroacupuncture (EA) at ST36 was done for CPS rats...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582785/attenuation-of-blood-pressure-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats-by-acupuncture-was-associated-with-reduction-oxidative-stress-and-improvement-from-endothelial-dysfunction
#17
Sin Bond Leung, Hongwei Zhang, Chi Wai Lau, Zhi-Xiu Lin
BACKGROUND: Hypertension can be treated effectively by acupuncture; however, the association between acupuncture and endothelial function remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of acupuncture on endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress-related parameters in spontaneously hypertensive animals. METHODS: Eighteen-week-old Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKYs) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were arbitrarily divided into four groups: WKY control (n = 8), SHR control (n = 8), SHR sham-acupuncture (n = 8) and SHR acupuncture (n = 8)...
2016: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523588/a-case-report-of-poisoning-caused-by-incorrect-use-of-salvia
#18
Xianyi Yang, Danyang Chen, Lin Chai, Hui Duan, Hui Guo, Shuang Li, Min Xiao, Hongxia Chen
BACKGROUND Previous reports suggest that homoplantaginin, one of the compounds isolated from Salvia plebeia, has a protective and therapeutic effect on hepatocyte injury. We present a case of serious liver and kidney damage due to incorrect use of Salvia plebeia in a patient with a history of thyroid tumorectomy, who was successfully treated for poisoning with blood purification and systemic, comprehensive critical care. CASE REPORT A 54-year-old female patient with salvia intoxication combined with multiple organ dysfunction was transported to our emergency center by ambulance after presenting with nausea, vomiting, and skin yellowing...
August 15, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484764/chinese-medicine-as-complementary-therapy-for-female-infertility
#19
Ju-Feng Xia, Yoshinori Inagaki, Jian-Feng Zhang, Ling Wang, Pei-Pei Song
Chinese medicine (CM) has been used in clinical treatment for thousands of years in China, Japan, Korea, and other countries. CM is at present attracting many attentions around the world for reproductive health care and disease prevention, including treatment of female infertility. This review focuses on the CM treatment for female infertility patients, and supplies a summary on the efficacy, safety, and mechanism of some Chinese herbal medicines, herbal medicine-derived active compounds, and acupuncture. A large number of researches have reported that CM could alleviate or even cure female infertility by regulating hormone, improving reproductive outcome of in vivo fertilization, affecting embryonic implantation, curing polycystic ovarian syndrome, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, relieving mental stress, and regulating immune system...
August 2, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479023/integrative-therapies-for-women-with-a-high-risk-pregnancy-during-antepartum-hospitalization
#20
Merry L Schlegel, Jeanne L Whalen, Pilar M Williamsen
BACKGROUND: High-risk pregnancies that require lengthy hospitalization can cause anxiety and stress for pregnant women. Integrative medicine therapies may be beneficial for this population, but have not been widely studied. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate potential effects of acupuncture, guided imagery, Healing Touch, massage therapy, and reflexology on pain and anxiety of hospitalized pregnant women. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the effects of integrative medicine therapies was conducted; N = 554 individual therapies were provided to hospitalized women with high-risk pregnancies...
November 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
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