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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738341/unmet-care-needs-in-the-oldest-old-primary-care-patients-with-cognitive-disorders-results-of-the-agecode-and-agequalide-study
#1
Janine Stein, Alexander Pabst, Tobias Luck, Dagmar Lühmann, Kathrin Heser, Frank Jessen, Horst Bickel, Edelgard Mösch, Michael Pentzek, Angela Fuchs, Birgitt Wiese, Silke Mamone, Hans-Helmut König, Christian Brettschneider, Jochen Werle, Martin Scherer, Wolfgang Maier, Siegfried Weyerer, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
BACKGROUND: In the future, an increase in health care needs in the elderly is expected. Reports on unmet care needs of the oldest old with cognitive disorders are pending. This study aims at exploring unmet needs in the oldest old primary care patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. Furthermore, the association between sociodemographic and clinical factors and unmet needs ought to be analyzed. METHODS: Based on the study "Needs, Health Service Use, Costs and Health-Related Quality of Life in a Large Sample of Oldest-Old Primary Care Patients (85+)" (AgeQualiDe), 749 patients (unimpaired, MCI, and dementia) aged 85 years and older, their relatives (n = 421), and general practitioners (GPs) (n = 607) were assessed...
July 25, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738284/awareness-attitudes-toward-epilepsy-and-first-aid-knowledge-of-seizures-of-hospital-staff-in-henan-china
#2
Ting Zhao, Yajuan Gao, Xuerui Zhu, Na Wang, Yanan Chen, Jiahui Zhang, Guinv He, Yan Feng, Jun Xu, Xiong Han, Jiewen Zhang
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate awareness of, attitudes toward, and first aid knowledge of seizures of hospital staff in Henan, China. METHOD: Two hundred nineteen hospital staff, including doctors, nurses, medical technicians, logisticians, and executives working at tertiary hospitals in Henan, China, completed the survey from March to September in 2016. The data comprised the demographic data section, awareness of epilepsy section, attitude toward epilepsy section, and first aid knowledge of seizure attack section...
July 21, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736840/issop-position-statement-on-migrant-child-health
#3
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Greater numbers of children are on the move than ever before. In 2015, the number of forcibly displaced people across the globe reached 65.3 million. Of the more than 1 million migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees who arrived in Europe in 2015, nearly one third were children, and 90,000 of these children were unaccompanied. Child migrants are among the most vulnerable, even after arriving at their destination. The health of migrant children is related to their health status before their journey, the conditions during their journey and at their destination, and the physical and mental health of their caregivers...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736734/compliance-to-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-influential-factors-a-real-world-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-tencent-tdf-i-blood-glucose-monitoring-platform
#4
Zhi-De Hu, Kai-Ping Zhang, Ying Huang, Shu Zhu
BACKGROUND: To investigate the compliance to self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its influential factors. METHODS: The real-world SMBG use over 90 days among 415 T2DM patients were recorded by using a blood glucose monitoring platform (TDF-I, Tencent, China). Clinical features including age, sex, duration of diabetes, insulin treatment or not, and use of oral antidiabetic drugs were collected. Poor compliance was defined as the average frequency of weekly SMBG use over 90 days was below the criteria established by the physicians, and otherwise the patients were regarded as with good compliance...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735985/attitude-and-impact-factors-toward-organ-transplantation-and-donation-among-transplantation-nurses-in-china
#5
J-F Xie, C-Y Wang, G-P He, Y-Z Ming, Q-Q Wan, J Liu, L-N Gong, L-F Liu
BACKGROUND: Health workers' awareness and knowledge of transplantation medicine can improve people's sensitivity and reduce their degree of opposition to donations. The medical literature contains numerous examples of attitudes toward organ transplantation and donation aimed at university students or medical staff members, but rarely for transplantation nurses. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of the study were to investigate the attitudes toward organ transplantation and donation among transplantation nurses and to explore the impact factors...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735982/a-standardized-donor-designation-ratio-to-assess-the-performance-of-driver-s-license-agencies
#6
N K R Sehgal, C Sullivan, M Figueroa, J A Pencak, D Einstadter, J D Thornton
Evaluating Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) locations based on the percent of patrons who register as donors does not account for individual characteristics that may influence willingness to donate. We reviewed the driver's licenses of 2997 randomly selected patients at an urban medical system to obtain donor designation, age, gender, and DMV location and linked patient addresses with census tract data on race, ethnicity, income, and education. We then developed a Standardized Donor Designation Ratio (SDDR) (ie, the observed number of donors at each DMV divided by the expected number of donors based on patient demographic characteristics)...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735828/investigation-of-dietary-supplements-prevalence-as-complementary-therapy-comparison-between-hospitalized-psoriasis-patients-and-non-psoriasis-patients-correlation-with-disease-severity-and-quality-of-life
#7
Hadis Yousefzadeh, Mahmoud Mahmoudi, Mahnaz Banihashemi, Maryam Rastin, Farahzad Jabbari Azad
OBJECTIVES: Psoriasis patients are often displeased with traditional medical treatments and they may self-prescribe dietary supplements as an alternative or complementary treatments. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of self-medication of dietary supplements among psoriasis and non-psoriasis cases and its impact on disease severity and quality of life. DESIGN AND SETTING: This case-control study evaluated 252 records of psoriasis patients and 245 non-psoriasis cases...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735347/the-impact-of-eldercare-on-adult-children-s-health-and-employment-in-transitional-china
#8
Xiaomei Pei, Hao Luo, Zhiyong Lin, Norah Keating, Janet Fast
This paper explores the content and extent of the burden of caregiving for Chinese families in transition. It sets out to understand how Chinese families manage to balance family caregiving responsibilities with employment, the impact of the existing social institutions on family caregiving practices, and the risks that caregivers have to face. Data were collected from a sample of 214 workers from 14 manufacturing companies in an industrialized city in central China in 2013. Analysis revealed that common types of eldercare were assisting with activities of daily living and medical related care; middle aged employed respondents were most likely to be the caregivers to older family members; financial and time demands of care were challenging for caregivers, but women with more education and a secure job responded to the pressure of care giving better than those with less education and insecure jobs...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735037/injection-drug-use-and-overdose-among-young-adults-who-use-prescription-opioids-non-medically
#9
Elliott J Liebling, Traci C Green, Scott E Hadland, Brandon D L Marshall
INTRODUCTION: Non-medical prescription opioid (NMPO) use is a critical public health problem in the United States, with 2.1 million new initiates annually. Young adult NMPO users are at high risk for initiating injection drug use. We assessed correlates of injection drug use among young adult NMPO users in Rhode Island, a state heavily impacted by opioid overdose. METHODS: We used data from the Rhode Island Young Adult Prescription Drug Study (RAPiDS), which recruited 199 residents aged 18-29 who reported past-30-day NMPO use (65...
July 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734683/health-seeking-behavior-and-medical-facility-choice-in-samsun-turkey
#10
Cihad Dündar
OBJECTIVE: Examining the factors that play a role in determining patient preferences for different healthcare institutions. METHOD: This descriptive study was conducted in five family health centers (FHC) and in six hospitals in Samsun Province in Turkey. The data were collected from 1700 volunteer patients by using a structured questionnaire, while they were waiting for consultation. RESULT: The average number of out-patient visits was 9...
July 12, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733567/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-erectile-dysfunction-in-male-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-west-malaysia
#11
A Enoma, S M Ching, F K Hoo, S F S Omar
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) has been associated with the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and chronic diseases. Sexual dysfunction data of male patients infected with HIV are still scarce in Malaysia, and ED appears to be under-reported. Therefore, this study aims to determine the prevalence and predictors of ED among male HIV patients at the University Malaya Medical Centre. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted among male HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) attending the outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital in Malaysia...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731961/joint-effect-of-alcohol-consumption-and-educational-level-on-alcohol-related-medical-events-a-danish-register-based-cohort-study
#12
Helene Nordahl Christensen, Finn Diderichsen, Ulla Arthur Hvidtfeldt, Theis Lange, Per Kragh Andersen, Merete Osler, Eva Prescott, Anne Tjønneland, Naja Hulvej Rod, Ingelise Andersen
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related mortality is more pronounced in lower than higher socioeconomic groups in Western countries. Part of the explanation is differences in drinking patterns. However, differences in vulnerability to health consequences of alcohol consumption across socioeconomic groups may also play a role. We investigated the joint effect of alcohol consumption and educational level on the rate of alcohol-related medical events. METHODS: We pooled seven prospective cohorts from Denmark that enrolled 74 278 men and women aged 30-70 years (study period 1981 to 2009)...
July 19, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730883/affected-aspects-regarding-literacy-and-numeracy-in-children-treated-for-brain-tumors
#13
Malin Lönnerblad, Riikka Lovio, Eva Berglund, Ingrid Van't Hooft
The aim of this study was to investigate the test results of reading speed, reading comprehension, word comprehension, spelling, basic arithmetic skills, and number sense (intuitive understanding of numbers) by children treated for brain tumors. This is a retrospective study based on medical records, including standardized academic tests. In the years of 2010 to 2014, all children in the area of Stockholm between 7 and 18 years (IQ <70) who had no major linguistic or motor difficulties after they had undergone treatment for brain tumors were offered a special education assessment one year after treatment, at school start, or the year before a transition from one stage to another...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730750/improving-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-glycaemic-outcomes-is-possible-without-spending-more-on-medication-lessons-from-the-uk-national-diabetes-audit
#14
Adrian H Heald, Mark Livingston, Nagaraj Malipatil, Michal Becher, Joyce Craig, Mike Stedman, Anthony A Fryer
OBJECTIVES: There is continuing discussion globally about how to optimise outcomes for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients. In the UK, national (NICE) guidance was updated in 2016 (NG28). We aimed to determine the factors at a GP practice level that relate to glycaemic control outcome. METHODS: Data was accessed from 4,050 GP practices (GPP) (50% of total) covering 1.6 million T2DM patients in the UK National Diabetes Audit 2013-14 and 2014-15. This reported T2DM population characteristics, services and outcomes, including % total glycaemic control (TGC) (at 67...
July 20, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730619/real-world-adherence-and-persistence-with-direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-adults-with-atrial-fibrillation
#15
Beenish S Manzoor, Todd A Lee, Lisa K Sharp, Surrey M Walton, William L Galanter, Edith A Nutescu
BACKGROUND: Evidence of adherence and persistence patterns in anticoagulation (AC) therapy comparing treatment-naïve and non-naïve patients is lacking. The objective of this study was to evaluate patterns of medication adherence and persistence in a real-world setting among AC-naïve and AC-experienced atrial fibrillation (AF) patients treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). METHODS: AF patients newly initiating a DOAC with a minimum of 6 months of continuous health plan enrollment pre and post-index date (first DOAC prescription) were identified from the Truven Health MarketScan(®) Commercial and Medicare Supplemental databases (2009-2013)...
July 21, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728063/factors-associated-with-non-return-to-work-in-the-severely-injured-victims-3-years-after-a-road-accident-a-prospective-study
#16
C Pélissier, E Fort, L Fontana, B Charbotel, M Hours
Road accidents may impact victims' physical and/or mental health and socio-occupational life, particularly the capacity to return to work. The purpose of our study is to assess modifiable medical and socio-occupational factors of non-return to work in the severely injured 3 years after a road accident. Among1,168 road accidents casualties in the Rhône administrative Département of France followed for five years, 141 of the 222 severely injured (Maximal Abbreviated Injury Scale ≥ 3) aged more than 16 years who were in work at the time of the accident, reported whether they had returned to work in the 3 years following the accident...
July 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727991/how-accurate-are-self-reported-height-and-weight-in-the-seriously-mentally-ill
#17
Elton K Zhou, Urska Kosir, Suat Kucukgoncu, Erin L Reutenauer Sullivan, Cenk Tek
(1) Determine the accuracy of self-reported height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) calculated from those values in a population suffering from both serious mental illness (SMI) and overweight/obesity; (2) identify any associations that may predict error in self-reported measurements. Data were collected from screening appointments for two clinical trials for adult patients with SMI and overweight/obesity (BMI > 28) who gained weight while on antipsychotic medications. Both studies were conducted at the same urban community mental health center...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727641/decreased-average-power-of-the-hip-external-muscles-as-a-predictive-parameter-for-lower-extremity-injury-in-women-a-prospective-study
#18
Ruth Verrelst, Damien Van Tiggelen, Roel De Ridder, Erik Witvrouw
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively identify hip strength associated risk factors contributing to the development of lower extremity (LE) injury. DESIGN: Data were prospectively collected on healthy female physical education students. SETTING: This study was conducted in the institution of the University of Ghent. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-nine female physical education students aged 19.53 ± 1.07 years. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: Testing included isokinetic hip strength measurements of abductors, adductors, internal rotators, and external rotators (ERs)...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727593/understanding-moisture-associated-skin-damage-medical-adhesive-related-skin-injuries-and-skin-tears
#19
Karen Zulkowski
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information on superficial skin issues related to moisture-associated skin damage, medical adhesive-related skin injury, and skin tears. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1...
August 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727196/insulin-regimens-for-newly-diagnosed-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-australia-and-new-zealand-a-survey-of-current-practice
#20
Dharrshinee Selvakumar, Hesham S Al-Sallami, Martin de Bock, Geoffrey R Ambler, Paul Benitez-Aguirre, Esko Wiltshire, Elaine Tham, Peter Simm, Louise S Conwell, Phillipa J Carter, Benjamin B Albert, Jinny Willis, Benjamin J Wheeler
AIM: There is no consensus on the optimal insulin treatment for children newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The aims of this study were (i) to describe the insulin regimens used at diagnosis by patient age and geographical region and (ii) to explore differences between and within Australia (AU) and New Zealand (NZ) with regards to other aspects of patient management and education. METHODS: An online survey of medical professionals caring for children with T1DM in AU and NZ was undertaken...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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