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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088780/national-survey-of-china-s-oncologists-knowledge-attitudes-and-clinical-practice-patterns-on-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#1
Geliang Yang, Richard Lee, Huiqing Zhang, Wei Gu, Peiying Yang, Changquan Ling
It is common for cancer patients to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). This study was designed to explore China's oncologists' knowledge, attitudes and clinical practices regarding CAM use by their patients. An online survey was conducted of China's oncologists. Among 11,270 participants who completed the online survey, 6,007 (53.3%) were identified as oncologists. Most were men (75.2%), with a mean age of 33.4 (standard deviation: 6.5) years. The 6,007 oncologists discussed with 36.5% of their patients about CAM...
January 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088742/patterns-of-drug-use-and-hiv-infection-among-adults-in-a-nationally-representative-sample
#2
Stephanie Shiau, Stephen M Arpadi, Michael T Yin, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND: Little is known about drug use patterns among people living with HIV in comparison to an uninfected group in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between legal and illegal drug use and HIV infection in a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States. METHODS: Public use data files (2005-2014) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) were used. Respondents were asked whether a medical professional had ever told them that they had HIV/AIDS...
January 7, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088505/gaps-in-the-public-s-knowledge-about-chronic-pain-representative-sample-of-hispanic-residents-from-five-states
#3
Barbara J Turner, Yuanyuan Liang, Natalia Rodriguez, Melissa A Valerio, Andrea Rochat, Jennifer S Potter, Paula Winkler
: Educating the general public about chronic pain and its care is a national health priority. We evaluated knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs (KAB) of a five-state, population-based sample of Hispanics aged 35-75 without chronic pain, representing over 8.8 million persons. A web-based survey assessed KAB using an adapted version of the Survey of Pain Attitudes-Brief and self-reported knowledge about chronic pain (nothing, a little, a lot). In unweighted analyses of participants (n=346), mean age was 52...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087231/psychosocial-outcome-in-adult-men-born-with-hypospadias
#4
L Örtqvist, M Andersson, A Strandqvist, A Nordenström, L Frisén, G Holmdahl, A Nordenskjöld
INTRODUCTION: Hypospadias, which is a surgically treated congenital malformation of the male urethra, may have a negative impact on quality of life. This aspect has previously been subject to limited research. This study examined the long-term psychosocial outcome of a large cohort of adult males born with hypospadias. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case-control study was to assess a possible negative influence on the psychosocial outcome in adult males with hypospadias...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087207/continuous-medication-monitoring-comm-a-foundational-model-to-support-the-clinical-work-of-community-pharmacists
#5
Amber M Goedken, Christine M Butler, Randal P McDonough, Michael J Deninger, William R Doucette
BACKGROUND: Under the Continuous Medication Monitoring (CoMM) approach, community pharmacists prevent, identify, resolve, and document drug therapy problems during the dispensing process. OBJECTIVE: To describe the patients receiving CoMM interventions and the pattern of delivery of CoMM interventions. METHODS: Pharmacy dispensing and clinical records were reviewed for patients filling at least one prescription and receiving at least one continuous medication monitoring intervention at a community pharmacy from April 2014 through March 2015...
January 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087169/antibiotic-knowledge-and-self-medication-practices-in-a-developing-country-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Antoun Jamhour, Ammar El-Kheir, Pascale Salameh, Pierre Abi Hanna, Hanine Mansour
BACKGROUND: Self-medication is identified by the World Health Organization as a major factor leading to antibiotics overuse, misuse and resistance. This study's objectives were to evaluate the knowledge and self-medication with antibiotics in a sample of the population of Lebanon. METHODS: This study surveyed a sample of adults (over 18 years of age) residing in 2 major cities in Lebanon about their knowledge and self-medication with antibiotics. Health care professionals were excluded from the study...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086976/impact-of-a-tailored-program-on-the-implementation-of-evidence-based-recommendations-for-multimorbid-patients-with-polypharmacy-in-primary-care-practices-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Cornelia Jäger, Tobias Freund, Jost Steinhäuser, Christian Stock, Johannes Krisam, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Michel Wensing, Joachim Szecsenyi
BACKGROUND: Multimorbid patients receiving polypharmacy represent a growing population at high risk for negative health outcomes. Tailoring is an approach of systematic intervention development taking account of previously identified determinants of practice. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a tailored program to improve the implementation of three important processes of care for this patient group: (a) structured medication counseling including brown bag reviews, (b) the use of medication lists, and (c) structured medication reviews to reduce potentially inappropriate medication...
January 13, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086812/person-centred-care-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-cross-sectional-study-of-patients-desires-for-self-management-support
#8
Kathryn Havas, Clint Douglas, Ann Bonner
BACKGROUND: People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) must self-manage their illness to assist with slowing disease-progression, but this is a complex task requiring support from healthcare professionals. Despite the established importance of person-centred care, people with CKD are rarely consulted regarding their desires for self-management support (SMS). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted face-to-face in a Queensland primary care clinic and distributed Australia-wide via an online interface promoted by Kidney Health Australia during 2015...
January 13, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079875/early-postnatal-illness-severity-scores-predict-neurodevelopmental-impairments-at-10-years-of-age-in-children-born-extremely-preterm
#9
J W Logan, O Dammann, E N Allred, C Dammann, K Beam, R M Joseph, T M O'Shea, A Leviton, K C K Kuban
OBJECTIVE: A neonatal illness severity score, The Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology-II (SNAP-II), predicts neurodevelopmental impairments at two years of age among children born extremely preterm. We sought to evaluate to what extent SNAP-II is predictive of cognitive and other neurodevelopmental impairments at 10 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: In a cohort of 874 children born before 28 weeks of gestation, we prospectively collected clinical, physiologic and laboratory data to calculate SNAP-II for each infant...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077828/-hospital-arrival-rate-within-golden-time-and-factors-influencing-prehospital-delays-among-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#10
Hye Mi Ahn, Hyeongsu Kim, Kun Sei Lee, Jung Hyun Lee, Hyo Seon Jeong, Soung Hoon Chang, Kyeong Ryong Lee, Sung Hea Kim, Eun Young Shin
PURPOSE: This research was done to identify the hospital arrival rate and factors related to prehospital delay in arriving at an emergency medical center within the golden time after symptom onset in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: Data used in the research was from the National Emergency Department Information System of the National Emergency Medical Center which reported that in 2014, 9,611 patients went to emergency medical centers for acute myocardial infarction...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077386/hypertension-severity-is-associated-with-impaired-cognitive-performance
#11
Henrique C S Muela, Valeria A Costa-Hong, Mônica S Yassuda, Natália C Moraes, Claudia M Memória, Michel F Machado, Thiago A Macedo, Edson B S Shu, Ayrton R Massaro, Ricardo Nitrini, Alfredo J Mansur, Luiz A Bortolotto
BACKGROUND: Most evidence of target-organ damage in hypertension (HTN) is related to the kidneys and heart. Cerebrovascular and cognitive impairment are less well studied. Therefore, this study analyzed changes in cognitive function in patients with different stages of hypertension compared to nonhypertensive controls. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a cross-sectional study, 221 (71 normotensive and 150 hypertensive) patients were compared. Patients with hypertension were divided into 2 stages according to blood pressure (BP) levels or medication use (HTN-1: BP, 140-159/90-99 or use of 1 or 2 antihypertensive drugs; HTN-2: BP, ≥160/100 or use of ≥3 drugs)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077124/important-patient-characteristics-differ-prior-to-total-knee-arthroplasty-and-total-hip-arthroplasty-between-switzerland-and-the-united-states
#12
Patricia D Franklin, Hermes Miozzari, Panayiotis Christofilopoulos, Pierre Hoffmeyer, David C Ayers, Anne Lübbeke
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after total knee (TKA) and hip (THA) arthroplasty are often generalized internationally. Patient-dependent factors and preoperative symptom levels may differ across countries. We compared preoperative patient and clinical characteristics from two large cohorts, one in Switzerland, the other in the US. METHODS: Patient characteristics were collected prospectively on all elective primary TKAs and THAs performed at a large Swiss hospital and in a US national sample...
January 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077089/control-beliefs-and-risk-for-4-year-mortality-in-older-adults-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Wei Duan-Porter, Susan Nicole Hastings, Brian Neelon, Courtney Harold Van Houtven
BACKGROUND: Control beliefs are important psychological factors that likely contribute to heterogeneity in health outcomes for older adults. We evaluated whether control beliefs are associated with risk for 4-year mortality, after accounting for established "classic" biomedical risk factors. We also determined if an enhanced risk model with control beliefs improved identification of individuals with low vs. high mortality risk. METHODS: We used nationally representative data from the Health and Retirement Study (2006-2012) for adults 50 years or older in 2006 (n = 7313) or 2008 (n = 6301)...
January 11, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076596/prevalence-of-inter-hemispheric-asymetry-in-children-and-adolescents-with-interdisciplinary-diagnosis-of-non-verbal-learning-disorder
#14
Alessandra Bernardes Caturani Wajnsztejn, Bianca Bianco, Caio Parente Barbosa
Objective: To describe clinical and epidemiological features of children and adolescents with interdisciplinary diagnosis of non-verbal learning disorder and to investigate the prevalence of inter-hemispheric asymmetry in this population group. Methods: Cross-sectional study including children and adolescents referred for interdisciplinary assessment with learning difficulty complaints, who were given an interdisciplinary diagnosis of non-verbal learning disorder...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074407/youth-views-on-communication-about-adhd-and-medication-adherence
#15
Betsy Sleath, Delesha M Carpenter, Robyn Sayner, Kathleen Thomas, Larry Mann, Adam Sage, Sandra H Sulzer, Adrian D Sandler
The purpose of this study was to examine youth perceptions of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) communication with their pediatric providers, their reported adherence to their ADHD medications, and their desired location for an ADHD educational program. Youth ages 7 through 17 with an ADHD diagnosis were recruited. A research associate interviewed the youth. Parents completed demographic questionnaires. Seventy families participated. One-third of the youth wanted more discussion about ADHD with their providers during visits...
January 10, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073972/awareness-and-attitude-regarding-reproductive-options-of-persons-carrying-a-brca-mutation-and-their-partners
#16
J J G Gietel-Habets, C E M de Die-Smulders, I A P Derks-Smeets, A Tibben, V C G Tjan-Heijnen, R van Golde, E Gomez-Garcia, C M Kets, L A D M van Osch
STUDY QUESTION: To what extent are BRCA mutation carriers and their partners in the Netherlands aware about preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and prenatal diagnosis (PND) as reproductive options and what is their attitude towards these options? SUMMARY ANSWER: Awareness of PGD (66%) and PND (61%) among BRCA mutation carriers and their partners is relatively high and 80% and 26%, respectively, of BRCA carriers and their partners find offering PGD and PND for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) acceptable...
January 9, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069970/lung-cancer-risk-in-welders-and-foundry-workers-with-a-history-of-heavy-smoking-in-the-usa-the-national-lung-screening-trial
#17
Jason Y Y Wong, Bryan A Bassig, Wei Jie Seow, Wei Hu, Bu-Tian Ji, Aaron Blair, Debra T Silverman, Qing Lan
OBJECTIVES: Foundry work is a risk factor for lung cancer; however, the association with welding is unclear, as smoking is common among metalworkers and may mask the relationship. We evaluated whether history of welding and foundry work, independently and jointly, and employment duration were associated with lung cancer risk in heavy smokers. METHODS: We analysed data from the National Lung Screening Trial, a prospective randomised trial of 53 454 heavy smokers (>30 pack-years) in the USA...
January 9, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069321/consumer-confusion-between-prescription-drug-precautions-and-side-effects
#18
Jacqueline B Amoozegar, Douglas J Rupert, Helen W Sullivan, Amie C O'Donoghue
OBJECTIVE: Multiple studies have identified consumers' difficulty correctly interpreting risk information provided about prescription drugs, whether in printed format or online. This study's purpose was to explore whether consumers can distinguish between prescription drug precautions and side effects presented on brand-name drug websites. METHODS: Participants (n=873) viewed fictitious drug websites that presented both precautions and side effects for one of four drugs, and they completed a survey assessing recall and comprehension...
December 30, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069149/exploring-men-s-preferred-strategies-for-learning-about-testicular-disorders-inclusive-of-testicular-cancer-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#19
Mohamad M Saab, Margaret Landers, Josephine Hegarty
PURPOSE: Men's awareness of testicular disorders is lacking and their intention to seek help for testicular symptoms is sub-optimal. Studies conducted to explore and raise men's awareness of testicular disorders did not address their preferred learning strategies and failed to include men who are at risk for health inequities. The aim of this study was to explore, in-depth, the preferred strategies for learning about testicular disorders inclusive of testicular cancer among men who self-identify as heterosexual, gay, or bisexual...
February 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068157/cancer-survivors-preference-for-follow-up-care-providers-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-population-based-profiles-registry
#20
Lotte J Huibertse, Mies van Eenbergen, Belle H de Rooij, Maarten T Bastiaens, Laurent M C L Fossion, Rob B de la Fuente, Paul J M Kil, Evert L Koldewijn, A H P Meier, Roland J M Mommers, A Q Niemer, Jorg R Oddens, Eric H G M Oomens, Mandy Prins, Kees-Peter de Roos, Monique R T M Thissen, Martine W H Timmermans, Bart P Wijsman, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, Nicole P M Ezendam
BACKGROUND: The best practice for the organization of follow-up care in oncology is under debate, due to growing numbers of cancer survivors. Understanding survivors' preferences for follow-up care is elementary for designing patient-centred care. Based on data from prostate cancer and melanoma survivors, this study aims to identify: 1) preferences for follow-up care providers, for instance the medical specialist, the oncology nurse or the general practitioner; 2) characteristics associated with these preferences and 3) the preferred care provider to discuss cancer-related problems...
January 9, 2017: Acta Oncologica
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