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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531866/bilateral-peritonsillar-abscess-a-case-report-and-pertinent-literature-review
#1
Ibrahim AlAwadh, Turki Aldrees, Saleh AlQaryan, Sami Alharethy, Hassan AlShehri
INTRODUCTION: The peritonsillar space is defined as the area between the palatine tonsillar capsule medially and the superior pharyngeal constrictor muscle laterally. Unilateral peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is more common than the bilateral condition. To the best of our knowledge, only 13 cases of bilateral PTA have been reported worldwide; this is the first case reported from Saudi Arabia. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case involving a 16-year-old boy who presented to the emergency department with a5-day history of sore throat, dysphagia, trismus, drooling, and a muffled "hot-potato" voice, but with no symptoms of airway compromise...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531165/a-japanese-encephalitis-virus-vaccine-inducing-antibodies-strongly-enhancing-in-vitro-infection-is-protective-in-pigs
#2
Obdulio García-Nicolás, Meret E Ricklin, Matthias Liniger, Nathalie J Vielle, Sylvie Python, Philippe Souque, Pierre Charneau, Artur Summerfield
The Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is responsible for zoonotic severe viral encephalitis transmitted by Culex mosquitoes. Although birds are reservoirs, pigs play a role as amplifying hosts, and are affected in particular through reproductive failure. Here, we show that a lentiviral JEV vector, expressing JEV prM and E proteins (TRIP/JEV.prME), but not JEV infection induces strong antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) activities for infection of macrophages. Such antibodies strongly promoted infection via Fc receptors...
May 22, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530265/papillary-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-palatine-tonsil-a-rare-cancer-of-the-head-and-neck
#3
A Serra, R Caltabiano, G Scalia, S Palmucci, P Di Mauro, S Cocuzza
Papillary squamous neoplasms of the upper respiratory tract are rare variants of squamous cell carcinomas. They are characterised by an exophytic, papillary growth and generally have favourable prognosis. The tumour has been described in the upper aerodigestive tract. In this context, most common sites of involvement are the larynx and hypopharynx, and rarely the oral cavity and oropharynx. The limited studies and small number of published cases of papillary squamous cell carcinoma of the palatine tonsil led us to make a complete analysis of this tumour by analysing the clinical, histological, radiological, virological and therapeutic aspects that are not always present in the literature...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530088/-common-treatment-for-acute-tonsillitis-in-the-community
#4
Oded Mazor, Martine Granek-Catarivas, Shmuel Giveon
BACKGROUND: Streptococcal tonsillitis among adults is a common diagnosis. There is wide agreement regarding the recommended treatment, which is Phenoxymethyl Penicillin (Penicillin V) 1000 mg daily (usually 500 mg BID for 10 days). OBJECTIVES: Description of the variability of routine antibiotic treatment prescribed by family physicians in the community for the treatment of acute tonsillitis (which represents a common diagnosis in primary care), and observation of the prescribed antibiotics adherence to the guidelines...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529745/hepatoid-adenocarcinoma-of-the-lung-metastasizing-to-the-tonsil
#5
Luca Valle, Joel Thomas, Chul Kim, Eva Szabo, G Thomas Brown, Deborah Citrin, Arun Rajan
Hepatoid adenocarcinoma (HAC) is a rare tumor that typically originates in gastrointestinal tissue, such as the stomach, but can also occasionally originate in the lung. The majority of HACs express α-fetoprotein (AFP) on tumor cells, and serum AFP can be used as a marker of response to treatment or disease progression. HAC has a poor prognosis, although early diagnosis and aggressive treatment can result in long-term survival. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of HAC metastasizing to the tonsil...
May 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527081/chiari-malformation-type-1-related-headache-the-importance-of-a-multidisciplinary-study
#6
Marcella Curone, L G Valentini, I Vetrano, E Beretta, M- Furlanetto, L Chiapparini, A Erbetta, G Bussone
Chiari type 1 Malformation (CM 1) is a structural defect consisting of a displacement of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum causing obstruction of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) outflow. CM 1 has a variety of presentation with headache being the most common symptom. The evaluation and treatment of headache related to CM 1 are often difficult, because the pain in the occipital-suboccipital region or headache that is of cough-type suggests symptomatic CM 1, but patients suffering from CM 1 can also report migraine or tension-type headache...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526836/characterisation-of-antibiotic-prescriptions-for-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-in-danish-general-practice-a-retrospective-registry-based-cohort-study
#7
Rune Aabenhus, Malene Plejdrup Hansen, Laura Trolle Saust, Lars Bjerrum
Inappropriate use of antibiotics is contributing to the increasing rates of antimicrobial resistance. Several Danish guidelines on antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections in general practice have been issued to promote rational prescribing of antibiotics, however it is unclear if these recommendations are followed. We aimed to characterise the pattern of antibiotic prescriptions for patients diagnosed with acute respiratory tract infections, by means of electronic prescriptions, labeled with clinical indications, from Danish general practice...
May 19, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523220/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-chiari-malformation-and-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension
#8
Radek Frič, Are Hugo Pripp, Per Kristian Eide
OBJECTIVES: Both Chiari malformation type 1 (CMI, i.e., the idiopathic caudal ectopy of cerebellar tonsils into foramen magnum) and idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) are characterized by reduced intracranial compliance (ICC) due to disturbed circulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). An increasing body of evidence links cardiovascular disease to CSF circulation disturbances. The aim of this study was to explore whether the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with CMI or IIH is higher than in the general population...
May 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514366/-applicability-of-antibacterial-agents-in-chronic-tonsillitis-treatment
#9
T Yu Vladimirova, L A Barishevskaya, A V Lyamin, O V Kondratenko, A K Velikanov
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of nitrofuranes applied for the treatment of chronic tonsillitis. A total of 92 subjects divided into three cohorts were involved in this study. Cohort 1 included 43 patients presenting with decompensated chronic tonsillitis and having pathogens in palatine tonsil lacunae. Cohort 2 was comprised of 13 patients with compensated chronic tonsillitis having pathogenic microflora of the same localization, while Cohort 3 was composed of 36 patients resembling those of cohort 1 in terms of clinical presentation, pathogen composition, and microbial spectrum...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514363/-the-immunological-characteristics-and-enzymatic-activity-of-lymphocytes-from-the-peripheral-blood-of-the-children-presenting-with-pharyngeal-tonsillar-hypertrophy
#10
L M Kurtasova, N A Shakina, T V Lubnina, A I Nikolaeva
The objective of the present work was to study the immunological characteristics and activity of NAD(P)-dependent dehydrogenases in peripheral blood lymphocytes in the young children presenting with pharyngeal tonsil hypertrophy (PTH). A total of 57 children at the age from 1 to 3 years with PTH were available for the examination. The control group was comprised of 35 age-matched practically healthy children. The amount of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD16+/56-, and CD19+ cells in the peripheral blood was determined with the use of the cytoflowmetric technique...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514360/-preoperative-mri-diagnostics-of-the-topographic-features-of-neck-arteries-in-the-patients-presenting-with-chronic-tonsillitis
#11
A I Kryukov, G Yu Tsarapkin, A A Ivanchikov, A S Tovmasyan, I G Kolbanova, S G Arzamazov, S A Panasov, E V Gorovaya, A S Kakorin
The objective of the present study was to determine the frequency of abnormalities of the major neck vessels and elucidate the specific features of blood supply of palatine tonsil based on the results of MRI performed in the vasculature-targeting regimen. A total of 109 patients presenting with chronic tonsillitis (including 64 women and 45 men at the age varying from 15 to 54 years) were available for the examination. All the patients underwent the MRI diagnostic study of the neck vessels by way of the preliminary evaluation of their condition at the pre-hospital stage...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514359/-the-mathematical-approaches-to-differential-diagnostics-of-acute-pharyngeal-diseases
#12
A P Yastremsky, A I Izvin
The objective of the present study was to elaborate the program for differential diagnostics of acute pharyngeal diseases based on the 'ENT-Neuro' artificial neuronal network. The study group was formed by means of sampling patients with acute pharyngeal diseases from a set of case histories of the subjects presenting with acute inflammatory diseases. The data thus obtained were employed to develop the expert system to support the decision making process with the use of the 'ENT-Neuro' artificial neuronal network that allows to carry out diagnostics of various inflammatory diseases of the pharynx including the following nosological entities: paratonsillitis, parapharyngitis, acute tonsillitis, and acute pharyngitis, with the minimal probability of erroneous diagnosis (4%)...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513615/exome-sequencing-of-two-italian-pedigrees-with-non-isolated-chiari-malformation-type-i-reveals-candidate-genes-for-cranio-facial-development
#13
Elisa Merello, Lorenzo Tattini, Alberto Magi, Andrea Accogli, Gianluca Piatelli, Marco Pavanello, Domenico Tortora, Armando Cama, Zoha Kibar, Valeria Capra, Patrizia De Marco
Chiari malformation type I (CMI) is a congenital abnormality of the cranio-cerebral junction with an estimated incidence of 1 in 1280. CMI is characterized by underdevelopment of the occipital bone and posterior fossa (PF) and consequent cerebellar tonsil herniation. The presence for a genetic basis to CMI is supported by many lines of evidence. The cellular and molecular mechanisms leading to CM1 are poorly understood. The occipital bone formation is dependent on complex interactions between genes and molecules with pathologies resulting from disruption of this delicate process...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511165/susceptibility-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-to-fluoroquinolones-and-macrolides-in-upper-respiratory-tract-infections
#14
Yaroslav O Mykhalko, Tetyana V Duhovych, Pavlo P Kish
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcal species are known as the most common cause of bacterial upper respiratory tract infections (URTI). Once bacterial infection is diagnosed it demands empirical antibiotic prescription. On the other hand antimicrobial resistance is a global burden in today's medicine. For that reason, knowing of antimicrobial susceptibility patterns in population is an important background for successful treatment of bacterial caused URTI. The aim of this study was to analyze S...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509953/hyalinizing-clear-cell-carcinoma-of-the-tonsil-a-case-report
#15
Bridget Burgess, Vijayalakshmi Ananthanarayanan, Steven Charous
Hyalinzing clear cell carcinoma is a rare tumor of the oral cavity and is even more rarely located in the tonsil. Here, we present a case report of a pedunculated tonsillar mass in a nearly asymptomatic patient that was present for 2 years prior to removal. Complete surgical excision was achieved and no adjuvant therapy was recommended. We include a discussion of this rare pathology and its typical clinical presentation and course.
May 16, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508159/constant-dripping-wears-away-the-bone-intraosseous-c2-and-suboccipital-intradiploic-cerebrospinal-fluid-collection-after-chiari-i-decompressive-surgery
#16
Arthur R Kurzbuch, Shailendra Magdum
The objective of decompressive surgery for Chiari I malformation is to create additional space to accommodate the ectopic cerebellar tonsils and to improve the flow of cerebrospinal fluid. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of a patient with previous Chiari I decompression presenting 5 years after surgery at the same time as an intraosseous C2 and a suboccipital intradiploic cerebrospinal fluid accumulation. Because of the progressive nature of the C2 cerebrospinal fluid collection causing bone destruction, surgical management was indicated...
May 15, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506291/targeting-cd22-with-the-monoclonal-antibody-epratuzumab-modulates-human-b-cell-maturation-and-cytokine-production-in-response-to-toll-like-receptor-7-tlr7-and-b-cell-receptor-bcr-signaling
#17
Natalia V Giltiay, Geraldine L Shu, Anthony Shock, Edward A Clark
BACKGROUND: Abnormal B-cell activation is implicated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The B-cell surface molecule CD22, which regulates activation through the B-cell receptor (BCR), is a potential target for inhibiting pathogenic B cells; however, the regulatory functions of CD22 remain poorly understood. In this study, we determined how targeting of CD22 with epratuzumab (Emab), a humanized anti-CD22 IgG1 monoclonal antibody, affects the activation of human B-cell subsets in response to Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) and BCR engagement...
May 15, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499212/quantification-of-pasteurella-multocida-in-experimentally-infected-pigs-using-a-real-time-pcr-assay
#18
V Tocqueville, I Kempf, F Paboeuf, C Marois-Créhan
The aim of the study was to quantify Pasteurella multocida in experimentally infected pigs using a new qPCR assay based on the sodA gene and validated with 35 P. multocida strains, including strains isolated from pigs with pneumonia, clinically healthy pigs (nasal cavities), and human infections. The specificity of the test was verified with a collection of 60 strains of bacterial species other than P. multocida. The estimated detection threshold was 10 genome equivalents per microliter. The amplification efficiency and value of the correlation coefficients were 95...
April 27, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494660/young-people-s-changing-demands-for-emergency-services
#19
Christian Duffin
A ten-year study has highlighted some eye-opening statistics concerning children and emergency care: significantly more children are now being admitted for jaundice, acute bronchitis, acute and chronic tonsillitis, and viral infections.
May 12, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493979/tissue-lithography-microscale-dewaxing-to-enable-retrospective-studies-on-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-ffpe-tissue-sections
#20
Julien F Cors, Aditya Kashyap, Anna Fomitcheva Khartchenko, Peter Schraml, Govind V Kaigala
We present a new concept, termed tissue lithography (TL), and its implementation which enables retrospective studies on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections. Tissue lithography uses a microfluidic probe to remove microscale areas of the paraffin layer on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded biopsy samples. Current practices in sample utilization for research and diagnostics require complete deparaffinization of the sample prior to molecular testing. This imposes strong limitations in terms of the number of tests as well as the time when they can be performed on a single sample...
2017: PloS One
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