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macrophage and TAM

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730338/jagged1-promotes-aromatase-inhibitor-resistance-by-modulating-tumor-associated-macrophage-differentiation-in-breast-cancer-patients
#1
Hang Liu, Jingxuan Wang, Minghui Zhang, Qijia Xuan, Zhipeng Wang, Xin Lian, Qingyuan Zhang
PURPOSE: Endocrine resistance limits the efficacy of anti-estrogen therapies. Notch signaling is involved in modulating tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) differentiation and is upregulated in endocrine-resistant breast cancer cells. Here, we analyzed the role of Jagged1 in the regulation of TAM polarization to investigate whether the Jagged1-Notch pathway promotes the acquisition of aromatase inhibitor (AI) resistance by upregulating TAM infiltration. METHODS: The Jagged1 expression levels and M2 TAM infiltration density, in 203 tumor samples from ER-positive postmenopausal patients, who received AI treatment, were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining and the results were compared with clincopathological parameters and survival...
July 20, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728794/myeloid-suppressor-cells-in-cancer-and-autoimmunity
#2
REVIEW
Antonio Sica, Marco Massarotti
A bottleneck for immunotherapy of cancer is the immunosuppressive microenvironment in which the tumor cells proliferate. Cancers harness the immune regulatory mechanism that prevents autoimmunity from evading immunosurveillance and promoting immune destruction. Regulatory T cells, myeloid suppressor cells, inhibitory cytokines and immune checkpoint receptors are the major components of the immune system acting in concert with cancer cells and causing the subversion of anti-tumor immunity. This redundant immunosuppressive network poses an impediment to efficacious immunotherapy by facilitating tumor progression...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725426/colony-stimulating-factor-1-receptor-csf1r-inhibitors-in-cancer-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Michael A Cannarile, Martin Weisser, Wolfgang Jacob, Anna-Maria Jegg, Carola H Ries, Dominik Rüttinger
The tumor-permissive and immunosuppressive characteristics of tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) have fueled interest in therapeutically targeting these cells. In this context, the colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF1)/colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) axis has gained the most attention, and various approaches targeting either the ligands or the receptor are currently in clinical development. Emerging data on the tolerability of CSF1/CSF1R-targeting agents suggest a favorable safety profile, making them attractive combination partners for both standard treatment modalities and immunotherapeutic agents...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722681/the-role-of-toll-like-receptor-4-in-tumor-microenvironment
#4
REVIEW
Jing Li, Fan Yang, Feng Wei, Xiubao Ren
Tumors are closely related to chronic inflammation, during which there are various changes in inflammatory sites, such as immune cells infiltration, pro-inflammation cytokines production, and interaction between immune cells and tissue cells. Besides, substances, released from both tissue cells attacked by exogenous etiologies, also act on local cells. These changes induce a dynamic and complex microenvironment favorable for tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis. The toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is the first identified member of the toll-like receptor family that can recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMPs)...
July 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716061/colony-stimulating-factor-1-receptor-csf1r-inhibitors-in-cancer-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Michael A Cannarile, Martin Weisser, Wolfgang Jacob, Anna-Maria Jegg, Carola H Ries, Dominik Rüttinger
The tumor-permissive and immunosuppressive characteristics of tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) have fueled interest in therapeutically targeting these cells. In this context, the colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF1)/colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) axis has gained the most attention, and various approaches targeting either the ligands or the receptor are currently in clinical development. Emerging data on the tolerability of CSF1/CSF1R-targeting agents suggest a favorable safety profile, making them attractive combination partners for both standard treatment modalities and immunotherapeutic agents...
July 18, 2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714406/role-of-the-immune-component-of-tumor-microenvironment-in-the-efficiency-of-cancer-treatment-perspectives-for-the-personalized-therapy
#6
Marina Stakheyeva, Vladimir Riabov, Irina Mitrofanova, Nikolai Litviakov, Evgeny Choynzonov, Nadezhda Cherdyntseva, Julia Kzhyshkowska
Despite significant progress in cancer diagnostics and development of novel therapeutic regimens, successful treatment of advanced forms of cancer is still a challenge and may require personalized therapeutic approaches. In this review, we analyzed major mechanisms responsible for tumor cells chemoresistance and emphasized that intratumor heterogeneity is a critical factor that limits efficiency of cancer treatment. Intratumor heterogeneity is caused by genomic instability in cancer cells, resulting in the selection of resistant clones...
July 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700346/restoring-microenvironmental-redox-and-ph-homeostasis-inhibits-neoplastic-cell-growth-and-migration-therapeutic-efficacy-of-esomeprazole-plus-sulfasalazine-on-3-mca-induced-sarcoma
#7
Enrica Balza, Patrizia Castellani, Paola Sanchez Moreno, Patrizia Piccioli, Iria Medraño-Fernandez, Claudia Semino, Anna Rubartelli
Neoplastic cells live in a stressful context and survive thanks to their ability to overcome stress. Thus, tumor cell responses to stress are potential therapeutic targets. We selected two such responses in melanoma and sarcoma cells: the xc- antioxidant system, that opposes oxidative stress, and surface v-ATPases that counteract the low pHi by extruding protons, and targeted them with the xc- blocker sulfasalazine and the proton pump inhibitor esomeprazole. Sulfasalazine inhibited the cystine/cysteine redox cycle and esomeprazole decreased pHi while increasing pHe in tumor cell lines...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698008/prognostic-significance-of-tumor-associated-macrophages-in-ovarian-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Xia Yuan, Jing Zhang, Dan Li, Ye Mao, Fei Mo, Wei Du, Xuelei Ma
OBJECTIVE: The role of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in tumor microenvironment remains controversial due to the two different polarized subsets of TAMs. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the correlation between subpopulations of TAMs and clinical outcomes in patients with ovarian cancer. METHODS: A comprehensive search in PUBMED/Medline and EMBASE databases was performed. The association between TAMs and patient prognosis of ovarian cancer was estimated with hazard ratios (HRs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) using a random-effect model...
July 8, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696255/regulated-polarization-of-tumor-associated-macrophages-by-mir-145-via-colorectal-cancer-derived-extracellular-vesicles
#9
Haruka Shinohara, Yuki Kuranaga, Minami Kumazaki, Nobuhiko Sugito, Yuki Yoshikawa, Tomoaki Takai, Kohei Taniguchi, Yuko Ito, Yukihiro Akao
Macrophages are polarized into functional classically activated and alternatively activated (M2) phenotypes depending on their microenvironment, and these cells play an important role in the immune system. M2-like polarization of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) is activated by various secretions from cancer cells; however, the interaction between cancer cells and TAMs is not well understood. Recent studies showed that cancer cell-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) contribute to tumor development and modulation of the tumor microenvironment...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681373/the-role-of-tumor-associated-macrophage-in-breast-cancer-biology
#10
REVIEW
Junjeong Choi, Jones Gyamfi, Haerin Jang, Ja Seung Koo
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignant tumor in women worldwide and contributes significantly as the primary cause of female cancer related mortality. Hence, research is focused on discovering new and effective treatment targets. The breast tumor microenvironment (TME) comprising of recruited host stromal cells and tumor cells, has recently emerged as an important player in tumor progression, with the potential for future treatment. The TME comprises immune system elements (such as macrophages and lymphocytes), cells composing blood vessel, fibroblast, myofibroblast, mesenchymal stem cells, adipocytes and extracellular matrix (ECM)...
July 6, 2017: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674001/delineation-of-an-immunosuppressive-gradient-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-using-high-dimensional-proteomic-and-transcriptomic-analyses
#11
Valerie Chew, Liyun Lai, Lu Pan, Chun Jye Lim, Juntao Li, Raymond Ong, Camillus Chua, Jing Yao Leong, Kiat Hon Lim, Han Chong Toh, Ser Yee Lee, Chung Yip Chan, Brian K P Goh, Alexander Chung, Pierce K H Chow, Salvatore Albani
The recent development of immunotherapy as a cancer treatment has proved effective over recent years, but the precise dynamics between the tumor microenvironment (TME), nontumor microenvironment (NTME), and the systemic immune system remain elusive. Here, we interrogated these compartments in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using high-dimensional proteomic and transcriptomic analyses. By time-of-flight mass cytometry, we found that the TME was enriched in regulatory T cells (Tregs), tissue resident memory CD8(+) T cells (TRMs), resident natural killer cells (NKRs), and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs)...
July 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673320/the-clinical-importance-of-tumour-infiltrating-macrophages-and-dendritic-cells-in-periampullary-adenocarcinoma-differs-by-morphological-subtype
#12
Sebastian Lundgren, Emelie Karnevi, Jacob Elebro, Björn Nodin, Mikael C I Karlsson, Jakob Eberhard, Karin Leandersson, Karin Jirström
BACKGROUND: Dendritic cells (DC) and tumour-associated macrophages (TAM) are essential in linking the innate and adaptive immune response against tumour cells and tumour progression. These cells are also potential target for immunotherapy as well as providing a handle to investigate immune status in the tumour microenvironment. The aim of the present study was to examine their impact on prognosis and chemotherapy response in periampullary adenocarcinoma, including pancreatic cancer, with particular reference to morphological subtype...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670313/macrophage-polarization-contributes-to-the-anti-tumoral-efficacy-of-mesoporous-nanovectors-loaded-with-albumin-bound-paclitaxel
#13
Fransisca Leonard, Louis T Curtis, Matthew James Ware, Taraz Nosrat, Xuewu Liu, Kenji Yokoi, Hermann B Frieboes, Biana Godin
Therapies targeted to the immune system, such as immunotherapy, are currently shaping a new, rapidly developing branch of promising cancer treatments, offering the potential to change the prognosis of previously non-responding patients. Macrophages comprise the most abundant population of immune cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME) and can undergo differentiation into functional phenotypes depending on the local tissue environment. Based on these functional phenotypes, tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) can either aid tumor progression (M2 phenotype) or inhibit it (M1 phenotype)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669759/sirpa-inhibited-marrow-derived-macrophages-engorge-accumulate-and-differentiate-in-antibody-targeted-regression-of-solid-tumors
#14
Cory M Alvey, Kyle R Spinler, Jerome Irianto, Charlotte R Pfeifer, Brandon Hayes, Yuntao Xia, Sangkyun Cho, P C P Dave Dingal, Jake Hsu, Lucas Smith, Manu Tewari, Dennis E Discher
Marrow-derived macrophages are highly phagocytic, but whether they can also traffic into solid tumors and engulf cancer cells is questionable, given the well-known limitations of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). Here, SIRPα on macrophages from mouse and human marrow was inhibited to block recognition of its ligand, the "marker of self" CD47 on all other cells. These macrophages were then systemically injected into mice with fluorescent human tumors that had been antibody targeted. Within days, the tumors regressed, and single-cell fluorescence analyses showed that the more the macrophages engulfed, the more they accumulated within regressing tumors...
June 21, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668835/immunomodulatory-effect-of-imiquimod-through-ccl22-produced-by-tumor-associated-macrophages-in-b16f10-melanomas
#15
Sadanori Furudate, Taku Fujimura, Yumi Kambayashi, Aya Kakizaki, Takanori Hidaka, Setsuya Aiba
BACKGROUND/AIM: Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), together with splenic CD11b(+) cells, help maintain the tumor microenvironment. The immunomodulatory compound imiquimod (IQM) stimulates innate immune cells, including macrophages, to induce antitumor effects. In order to elucidate the effects of IQM on the tumor microenvironment, we investigated the immunomodulatory effect of IQM during melanoma growth by using the B16F10 melanoma model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To elucidate the immunomodulatory effects of IQM on the tumor microenvironment, we isolated CD11b(+) TAMs and splenic CD11b(+) cells and evaluated the immunomodulatory effects of IQM, using the B16F10 melanoma model...
July 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666252/melittin-suppresses-tumor-progression-by-regulating-tumor-associated-macrophages-in-a-lewis-lung-carcinoma-mouse-model
#16
Chanju Lee, Sung-Joo S Bae, Hwansoo Joo, Hyunsu Bae
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) are a major component of tumor stroma. It has been reported that TAMs have M2-like phenotype and facilitate tumor progression by promoting angiogenesis and immunosuppression. Melittin, a major polypeptide of bee venom, has been widely studied as an anti-cancer drug due to its cytotoxicity to malignant cells. However, very little is known regarding the effect of melittin on immune cells in the tumor microenvironment. This study focuses on the effect of melittin on TAMs in a Lewis lung carcinoma mouse model...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660349/tumor-associated-macrophages-as-target-for-antitumor-therapy
#17
REVIEW
Katarzyna Sawa-Wejksza, Martyna Kandefer-Szerszeń
It is well known that the microenvironment of solid tumors is rich in inflammatory cells that influence tumor growth and development. Macrophages, called tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), are the most abundant immune cell population present in tumor tissue. Several studies have demonstrated that the density of TAMs is associated with a poor prognosis and positively correlates with tumor growth. Several studies have proved that TAMs may activate and protect tumor stem cells, stimulate their proliferation as well as promote angiogenesis and metastasis...
June 28, 2017: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655639/inflammatory-cell-infiltrates-in-advanced-metastatic-uveal-melanoma
#18
Yamini Krishna, Conni McCarthy, Helen Kalirai, Sarah E Coupland
Current treatments for metastatic uveal melanoma (mUM) are limited and rarely prolong patient survival. Immunotherapy trials for mUM are few, and to-date have demonstrated only marginal success. High densities of tumour-associated-macrophages (TAMs) and infiltrating T-lymphocytes (TILs) in primary UM are associated with poor prognosis. Little is known about the immune microenvironment of mUM. Our aim was to examine the presence and distribution of TAMs and TILs in mUM within the liver. Whole tissue-sections of liver mUM (n=35) were examined by immunohistochemistry...
June 24, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654380/targeted-imaging-of-tumor-associated-macrophages-by-cyanine-7-labeled-mannose-in-xenograft-tumors
#19
Chong Jiang, Huawei Cai, Xiaodong Peng, Ping Zhang, Xiaoai Wu, Rong Tian
Mannose receptor is considered as a hallmark of M2-oriented tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), but its utility in TAMs was rarely reported. Therefore, deoxymannose (DM), a high-affinity ligand of mannose receptor, was labeled with near-infrared dye cyanine 7 (Cy7), and its feasibility of targeted imaging on TAMs was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The Cy7-DM was synthesized, and its binding affinity with induced TAMs in vitro, whole-body imaging in xenograft tumor mouse model in vivo, and the cellular localization in dissected tissues were evaluated...
January 1, 2017: Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651910/taming-the-immune-system-through-transfusion-in-oncology-patients
#20
REVIEW
Seyed Mohammad Amin Kormi, Jerard Seghatchian
Blood transfusion is a clinical replacement therapy with many successes with some benefit and, also, some harm. Cancer is a multifaceted disease potentially associated with the immune system's weakness where the cancerous tumor cells escape from the immune system. Allogeneic blood transfusion, through five major mechanisms including the lymphocyte-T set, myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), natural killer cells (NKCs), and dendritic cells (DCs) can help the recipient's defense mechanisms...
May 26, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
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