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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221205/muscle-relaxation-for-tracheal-intubation-during-paediatric-anaesthesia-a-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#1
Florence Julien-Marsollier, Daphné Michelet, Myriam Bellon, Anne-Laure Horlin, Jean-Michel Devys, Souhayl Dahmani
BACKGROUND: Muscle relaxation for tracheal intubation during paediatric anaesthesia remains a subject of debate. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current meta-analysis was to investigate the effect of muscle relaxants (MR) compared with opioids on intubation conditions in children. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of randomised controlled studies and GRADE analysis. DATA SOURCES: Exhaustive literature analysis. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Clinical trials, with no high-risk bias, that examined the effect of MR in comparison with opioids on intubation conditions (excellent: primary outcome, acceptable: secondary outcome) in children were included...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221046/supramolecular-anion-recognition-mediates-one-pot-synthesis-of-3-amino-1-2-4-triazolo-pyridines-from-thiosemicarbazides
#2
Komala Pandurangan, Anna B Aletti, Devis Montroni, Jonathan A Kitchen, Miguel Martínez-Calvo, Salvador Blasco, Thorfinnur Gunnlaugsson, Eoin M Scanlan
A facile one-pot synthesis of 3-amino-[1,2,4]-triazolo[4,3-a]pyridines from thiosemicarbazides through anion mediated synthesis is reported. Thiosemicarbazides derived from 2-hydrazino pyridine, 5-chloro 2-hydrazino pyridine, and 2-hydrazine quinoline were formed in situ as anion receptors in the presence of TBAF. Under microwave heating, thiosemicarbazides furnished the triazolo pyridines in good to moderate yields. The formation of the thiosemicarbazides hydrogen bonding anion receptors was critical in cascading the reaction toward the formation of the triazolo pyridines...
February 21, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216813/pre-maxillary-complex-morphology-in-bilateral-cleft-and-hypothesis-on-laterality-of-deviated-pre-maxilla
#3
Jyotsna Murthy, Devi Manisha
INTRODUCTION: Pre-maxillary complex (pre-maxilla [PMX] + vomer) morphology in bilateral complete cleft of primary and secondary palate (BCLCP) is very complex and less reviewed in literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, 200 consecutive BCLCP patients were selected. Their pre-operative clinical photographs and dental casts were evaluated by a single investigator at two different points of time, to study the morphology of PMX and vomer with special emphasis on deviation of vomer and rotation of PMX...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216019/draft-genome-sequence-of-reduced-teicoplanin-susceptible-and-vancomycin-heteroresistant-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-from-sepsis-cases
#4
Yamuna Devi Bakthavatchalam, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Naveen Kumar Devanga Ragupathi, Priyanka Babu, Elakkiya Munuswamy, Thambu David
Here we report the whole-genome shotgun sequence of six methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) showing reduced susceptibility to both vancomycin and teicoplanin. The typical Indian community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) clone ST772-MRSA-V-t657 was the most common genotype (3/6; 50%), followed by ST672-MRSA-IV (2/6; 33%) and ST22-MRSA-IV (1/6; 17%). All strains harboured a mutation in the tcaRAB operon, vraSR, graSR and/or rpoB genes, which are frequently mutated determinants in a heteroresistant vancomycin-intermediate S...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215166/seaweed-polysaccharides-new-therapeutic-insights-against-the-inflammatory-response-in-diabetic-nephropathy
#5
Vaishnu Devi Da, Pragasam Viswanathan
BACKGROUND: The higher risk of diabetic nephropathy (DN) leads to end stage renal diseases in worldwide, which is associated with chronic inflammation. Currently, the available treatments are limited, lack of efficacy and safety. Therefore, we are in need of novel targets and advanced treatments to reduce the necessity for the renal replacement therapy and burden of this disease management. In this review, we performed through an inflammatory mechanism that contribute to DN, will provide a key point to the finding off novel therapeutic agents...
February 16, 2017: Anti-inflammatory & Anti-allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213289/quercetin-and-pioglitazone-synergistically-reverse-endothelial-dysfunction-in-isolated-aorta-from-fructose-streptozotocin-f-stz-induced-diabetic-rats
#6
Thubasni Kunasegaran, Mohd Rais Mustafa, Francis I Achike, Dharmani Devi Murugan
Pioglitazone is an anti-diabetic drug with potential to cause adverse effects following prolonged use. This study, therefore, investigated the effects of combination treatment of a subliminal concentration of pioglitazone and quercetin, a potent antioxidant, on vascular reactivity of aorta isolated from fructose-streptozotocin (F-STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Relaxation to acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside, and contraction to phenylephrine were tested in organ bath chambers following pre-incubation with vehicle (DMSO; 0...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211026/social-networks-and-health-status-in-the-elderly-the-anziani-in-rete-population-based-study
#7
Luca Bianchetti, Flaminio Squazzoni, Niccolò Casnici, Devis Bianchini, Emirena Garrafa, Claudia Archetti, Valentina Romano, Luca Rozzini, Michele Melchiori, Chiara Fiorentini, Daniela Uberti, Stefano Calza, Alessandra Marengoni
BACKGROUND: Certain features of the social environment could maintain and even improve not only psychological well-being, but also health and cognition of the elderly. AIMS: We tested the association between social network characteristics and the number of chronic diseases in the elderly. METHODS: A randomized sample of the elderly population of Brescia, Italy, was evaluated (N = 200, age ≥65 years). We performed a comprehensive geriatric assessment, including information on socio-demographic variables (family, friendships, and acquaintance contacts)...
February 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208856/seroprevalence-of-common-viral-diseases-a-hospital-based-study-from-amritsar-india
#8
Kanwardeep Singh, Shailpreet K Sidhu, Pushpa Devi, Manpreet Kaur, Maninder Kaur, Nachhatarjit Singh
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of published data on epidemiology of the viral infections in Punjab, India. The Viral Research and Diagnostic Laboratory (VRDL) located at Government Medical College (GMC), Amritsar conducts the initial diagnosis of common viruses circulating in the region. AIM: To report the seroprevalence of various viral diseases in Amritsar and neighboring districts of Punjab along with the demographic and geographical data of the patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Whole blood sera samples from a total of 5781 patients suspected of various viral diseases (chikungunya, dengue, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis E, herpes simplex-1 or herpes simplex-2) were received at VRDL, GMC, Amritsar from January 2015 to April 2016 and a cross sectional study was conducted...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208715/biotransformation-and-detoxification-of-xylidine-orange-dye-using-immobilized-cells-of-marine-derived-lysinibacillus-sphaericus-d3
#9
Prabha Devi, Solimabi Wahidullah, Farhan Sheikh, Rochelle Pereira, Niteen Narkhede, Divya Amonkar, Supriya Tilvi, Ram Murthy Meena
Lysinibacillus sphaericus D3 cell-immobilized beads in natural gel sodium alginate decolorized the xylidine orange dye 1-(dimethylphenylazo)-2-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid sodium salt in the laboratory. Optimal conditions were selected for decolorization and the products formed were evaluated for toxicity by disc diffusion assay against common marine bacteria which revealed the non-toxic nature of the dye-degraded products. Decolorization of the brightly colored dye to colorless products was measured on an Ultra Violet-Vis spectrophotometer and its biodegradation products monitored on Thin Layer Chromatographic plate and High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)...
February 8, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198154/daily-and-seasonal-expression-profile-of-serum-melatonin-and-its-biosynthesizing-enzyme-genes-tph1-aanat1-aanat2-and-hiomt-in-pineal-organ-and-retina-a-study-under-natural-environmental-conditions-in-a-tropical-carp-catla-catla
#10
Chongtham Rajiv, Haobijam Sanjita Devi, Gopinath Mondal, Sijagurumayum Dharmajyoti Devi, Zeeshan Ahmad Khan, Thangal Yumnamcha, Rupjyoti Bharali, Asamanja Chattoraj
The tropical carp Catla catla is gaining importance for the studies of the impact of environmental changes on aquatic animals due to its surface dwelling habitat. To date, no information is available on the transcriptional profile of melatonin biosynthesizing enzyme genes in any tropical carp under either natural or artificial photothermal conditions in pineal and retina. The present study is an attempt to demonstrate the temporal pattern of expression of melatonin biosynthesizing enzyme genes, tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (tph1), arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (aanat1 and aanat2), and hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase (hiomt) collectively and simultaneously in pineal organ and retina in tropical fish, C...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological Genetics and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185974/direct-comparison-of-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-and-microsurgery-for-small-size-meningiomas
#11
Shyamal C Bir, Devi Prasad Patra, Tanmoy Kumar Maiti, Papireddy Bollam, Alireza Minagar, Anil Nanda
INTRODUCTION: A patient with a small (<3cm) intracranial meningioma can be either observed or treated. Treatment can be either radiosurgery or microsurgery if and when progression of the tumor occurs. We have compared the local tumor growth control and recurrence-free survival (RFS) of microsurgical resection and radiosurgery in small intracranial meningiomas, and we have identified the predictors of unfavorable outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review (2005-2016) of 90 consecutive patients with intracranial meningiomas who underwent either microsurgery (n=31) or gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS, n=59) was done...
February 6, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185862/targeting-mirnas-by-polyphenols-novel-therapeutic-strategy-for-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Kasi Pandima Devi, Tamilselvam Rajavel, Maria Daglia, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Anupam Bishayee, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
In the recent years, polyphenols have gained significant attention in scientific community owing to their potential anticancer effects against a wide range of human malignancies. Epidemiological, clinical and preclinical studies have supported that daily intake of polyphenol-rich dietary fruits have a strong co-relationship in the prevention of different types of cancer. In addition to direct antioxidant mechanisms, they also regulate several therapeutically important oncogenic signaling and transcription factors...
February 6, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183991/cardiac-and-respiratory-motion-correction-for-simultaneous-cardiac-pet-mr
#13
Christoph Kolbitsch, Mark A Ahlman, Cynthia Davies-Venn, Robert Evers, Michael Hansen, Devis Peressutti, Paul Marsden, Peter Kellman, David A Bluemke, Tobias Schaeffter
Cardiac Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is a versatile imaging technique providing important diagnostic information about ischemic heart diseases. Respiratory and cardiac motion of the heart can strongly impair image quality and therefore diagnostic accuracy of cardiac PET scans. The aim of this study is to investigate a new cardiac PET-Magnetic Resonance (MR) approach providing respiratory and cardiac motion-compensated MR and PET images in less than five minutes. Methods: Free-breathing 3D MR data was acquired and retrospectively binned into multiple respiratory and cardiac motion states...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181356/cd40-polymorphism-in-cervical-carcinoma-in-a-subset-of-malaysian-population
#14
Purushotham Krishnappa, Hong Mun Kong, Ibtisam Binti Mohamad, Kenny Voon, Sushela Devi Somanath
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the allelic frequency of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the human CD40 gene in cervical cancer. METHODS: A total of 200 cases were selected from the records of the Department of Pathology, Hospital Tuanku Jaafar, Seremban, Malaysia. The samples were collected in three separate groups: cervicitis (n = 61), cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (n = 69), and cervical carcinoma (n = 70). The patients' demographic data and the respective paraffin-embedded tissue samples from Hospital Tuanku Jaafar, Seremban were obtained upon consent...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181165/effects-of-post-annealing-treatments-on-the-interfacial-chemical-properties-and-band-alignment-of-aln-si-structure-prepared-by-atomic-layer-deposition
#15
Long Sun, Hong-Liang Lu, Hong-Yan Chen, Tao Wang, Xin-Ming Ji, Wen-Jun Liu, Dongxu Zhao, Anjana Devi, Shi-Jin Ding, David Wei Zhang
The influences of annealing temperature in N2 atmosphere on interfacial chemical properties and band alignment of AlN/Si structure deposited by atomic layer deposition have been investigated based on x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and spectroscopic ellipsometry. It is found that more oxygen incorporated into AlN film with the increasing annealing temperature, resulting from a little residual H2O in N2 atmosphere reacting with AlN film during the annealing treatment. Accordingly, the Si-N bonding at the interface gradually transforms to Si-O bonding with the increasing temperature due to the diffusion of oxygen from AlN film to the Si substrate...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179410/gliding-lizards-use-the-position-of-the-sun-to-enhance-social-display
#16
Danielle A Klomp, Devi Stuart-Fox, Indraneil Das, Terry J Ord
Effective communication requires animal signals to be readily detected by receivers in the environments in which they are typically given. Certain light conditions enhance the visibility of colour signals and these conditions can vary depending on the orientation of the sun and the position of the signaller. We tested whether Draco sumatranus gliding lizards modified their position relative to the sun to enhance the conspicuousness of their throat-fan (dewlap) during social display to conspecifics. The dewlap was translucent, and we found that lizards were significantly more likely to orient themselves perpendicular to the sun when displaying...
February 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178440/comorbidities-in-patients-with-psoriatic-arthritis
#17
REVIEW
Amir Haddad, Devy Zisman
Epidemiological studies have shown that patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) are often affected by numerous comorbidities that carry significant morbidity and mortality. Reported comorbidities include diabetes mellitus, obesity, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, inflammatory bowel disease, autoimmune eye disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, depression, and fibromyalgia. All health care providers for patients with PsA should recognize and monitor those comorbidities, as well as understand their effect on patient management to ensure an optimal clinical outcome...
January 30, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176609/outbreak-of-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-in-minnesota-in-2015
#18
Ann Fitzpatrick, Sunil K Mor, Mary Thurn, Elizabeth Wiedenman, Tracy Otterson, Robert E Porter, Devi P Patnayak, Dale C Lauer, Shauna Voss, Stephanie Rossow, James E Collins, Sagar M Goyal
The incursion of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) into the United States during 2014 resulted in an unprecedented foreign animal disease (FAD) event; 232 outbreaks were reported from 21 states. The disease affected 49.6 million birds and resulted in economic losses of $950 million. Minnesota is the largest turkey-producing state, accounting for 18% of U.S. turkey production. Areas with concentrated numbers of turkeys in Minnesota were the epicenter of the outbreak. The first case was presumptively diagnosed in the last week of February 2015 at the Minnesota Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (MVDL) and confirmed as HPAI H5N2 at the National Veterinary Services Laboratories on March 4, 2015...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175535/376%C3%A2-the-salt-versus-sugar-debate-urinary-sodium-losses-following-hypertonic-saline-administration-curtails-its-superior-osmolar-effect-in-comparison-to-mannitol-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Aniruddha Tekkatte Jagannatha, Sriganesh Kamath, Indira Devi, Umamaheswara G S Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175465/158%C3%A2-morphological-parameters-for-anterior-communicating-artery-aneurysm-rupture-risk-assessment
#20
Tanmoy Kumar Maiti, Shyamal C Bir, Devi Prasad Patra, Hugo Cuellar, Anil Nanda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
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