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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163668/sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-and-risks-of-very-young-adolescent-refugees-and-migrants-from-myanmar-living-in-thailand
#1
Catherine Lee, Yasmina Aules, Samira Sami, Paw Kree Lar, Jennifer Schlect, Courtland Robinson
Background: The very young adolescent (VYA) population age 10-14 years is often neglected in the field of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) research due to the combined sensitivity of the topic and the young age group, resulting in little data about the SRH needs and concerns of VYA. In 2013, the Women's Refugee Commission (WRC), Johns Hopkins University (JHU), Adolescent and Reproductive Health Network (ARHN) and Karen Youth Organization (KYO) implemented qualitative participatory research to explore the SRH needs and risks of VYA...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163667/understanding-the-unique-experiences-perspectives-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-of-very-young-adolescents-somali-refugees-in-ethiopia
#2
Luis Ortiz-Echevarria, Meghan Greeley, Tenaw Bawoke, Linnea Zimmerman, Courtland Robinson, Jennifer Schlecht
Background: Kobe Refugee camp hosts roughly 39,000 refugees displaced from Somalia during the 2011-2012 Horn of Africa Crisis. Sexual and reproductive health, as with the greater issues of health and well-being for adolescents displaced from this crisis remain largely unknown and neglected. In 2013, the Women's Refugee Commission, Johns Hopkins University, and International Medical Corps in Ethiopia, implemented qualitative and quantitative research to explore the factors and risks that impact the health of very young adolescents (VYAs), those 10-14 years of age, in this setting...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152718/an-extension-of-a-multicenter-randomized-split-face-clinical-trial-evaluating-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-chromophore-gel-assisted-blue-light-phototherapy-for-the-treatment-of-acne
#3
Andreas Nikolis, Stéphane Fauverghe, Giovanni Scapagnini, Dimitrios Sotiriadis, George Kontochristopoulos, Athanasios Petridis, Dimitrios Rigopoulos, Clio Dessinioti, Konstantinos Kalokasidis, Christina Antoniou
A variety of laser/light-based devices have been reported to be effective for the treatment of acne, yet no long-term data on efficacy and safety have been published. A first 12-week clinical trial ("Main trial") recently demonstrated that the KLOX BioPhotonic System, an LED blue light device using photo-converter chromophores, can significantly improve moderate and severe facial acne vulgaris with an excellent safety profile. This Extension trial followed the Main trial, using the same BioPhotonic System, with the same dose and instructions for use, on patients having already completed treatment in the Main trial...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150154/cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinomas-scc-associated-with-cosmetic-skin-whitening-8-cases-reported-in-senegal
#4
F Ly, P Diousse, C Ndiaye, A Déme, B A Diatta, M T Ndiaye, M Diallo, A Diop, A D Kebe, F Fall, A Kane
BACKGROUND: The cosmetic use of bleaching products is common among women from sub-Saharan Africa. The most frequently used products are highly potent corticosteroids (clobetasol propionate) and hydroquinone. Herein, we report 8 cases of SCC in women using skin bleaching products for cosmetic purposes. Our aim is to describe the epidemiological, clinical and pathological aspects of the carcinomas observed during the course of skin lightening. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive multicentre study from August 2005 to January 2016 in three dermatology units in Senegal...
November 14, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142546/comparison-of-analgesic-effect-of-preoperative-topical-diclofenac-versus-ketorolac-on-postoperative-pain-after-corneal-collagen-cross-linkage
#5
Murtaza Sameen, Muhammad Saim Khan, Asad Habib, Muhammad Amer Yaqub, Mazhar Ishaq
Objective: To compare post-operative pain relieving effect of topical diclofenac 0.1% versus ketorolac 0.5% in Corneal Collagen Cross Linking (CXL) for patients diagnosed with keratoconus. Methods: This randomized controlled trial was carried out for six months from October 2016 to March 2017. We included young patients having keratoconus with k-readings greater than 47D and central corneal thickness more than 400 microns. All the patients received single dose one drop of topical diclofenac 0...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131424/influences-of-age-ethnic-group-and-skin-sites-on-a-provisory-skin-marking-experimentally-induced-in-vivo
#6
F Flament, R Bazin
BACKGROUND: To study capacity of skin to being imprinted by a marking head rapidly applied (10 seconds) onto the skin under a standardized pressure (15 kPa). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Referential photographs of skin markings, resulting from different times of application serve at grading the extent of skin imprints. The imprinting tool, equipped with 5 linear bulbs of different sizes but same thickness (1 mm), was applied onto the cheeks of 641 women of different ages (18-80 years) of 3 different ethnic groups...
November 12, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118730/color-image-norms-in-mandarin-chinese
#7
Dandan Zhou, Qi Chen
The present study comprises two parts, an object picture naming task and rating tasks, and reports naming latencies and norms for 435 color images in Mandarin Chinese. These norms include name agreement (%), H-value, concept agreement, familiarity, visual complexity, age of acquisition (AOA) based on adult ratings, object agreement, viewpoint agreement, word frequency, and word length. We examined correlations between the norms and explored the internal structure among these correlative variables by a factor analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114213/visually-evoked-visual-auditory-changes-associated-with-auditory-performance-in-children-with-cochlear-implants
#8
Maojin Liang, Junpeng Zhang, Jiahao Liu, Yuebo Chen, Yuexin Cai, Xianjun Wang, Junbo Wang, Xueyuan Zhang, Suijun Chen, Xianghui Li, Ling Chen, Yiqing Zheng
Activation of the auditory cortex by visual stimuli has been reported in deaf children. In cochlear implant (CI) patients, a residual, more intense cortical activation in the frontotemporal areas in response to photo stimuli was found to be positively associated with poor auditory performance. Our study aimed to investigate the mechanism by which visual processing in CI users activates the auditory-associated cortex during the period after cochlear implantation as well as its relation to CI outcomes. Twenty prelingually deaf children with CI were recruited...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104914/hyper-realistic-face-masks-a-new-challenge-in-person-identification
#9
Jet Gabrielle Sanders, Yoshiyuki Ueda, Kazusa Minemoto, Eilidh Noyes, Sakiko Yoshikawa, Rob Jenkins
We often identify people using face images. This is true in occupational settings such as passport control as well as in everyday social environments. Mapping between images and identities assumes that facial appearance is stable within certain bounds. For example, a person's apparent age, gender and ethnicity change slowly, if at all. It also assumes that deliberate changes beyond these bounds (i.e., disguises) would be easy to spot. Hyper-realistic face masks overturn these assumptions by allowing the wearer to look like an entirely different person...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102224/an-endogenous-tryptophan-photo-product-ficz-is-potentially-involved-in-photo-aging-by-reducing-tgf-%C3%AE-regulated-collagen-homeostasis
#10
Mika Murai, Gaku Tsuji, Akiko Hashimoto-Hachiya, Yoshihito Kawakami, Masutaka Furue, Chikage Mitoma
BACKGROUND: Persistent ultraviolet (UV) radiation in the form of sunlight causes photo-aging of the skin by reducing the production of type I collagen, the major constituent of the extracellular matrix of the dermis. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β transforms dermal fibroblasts into α2-smooth muscle actin (ACTA2)-expressing myofibroblasts. Myofibroblasts produce a precursor form of type I collagen, type I procollagen (collagen I), consisting of pro-alpha1 (produced by the COL1A1 gene) and pro-alpha2 chains (produced by the COL1A2 gene)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099717/planimetric-characteristics-of-corpus-callosum-sagittal-profile-in-middle-and-advanced-aged-men
#11
O Boiagina, Yu Kostilenko
The sagittal profile of the corpus callosum is available for morphometric measurements of conditioned linear distances when elucidating its age-related changes and sexual dimorphism. But in this case, the opportunity to determine the total area of the sagittal profile of the corpus callosum is lost, while being a more full expression of its digital characteristics. We set the goal to establish the differences between planimetric indices of male corpus callosum of the first and second periods of adulthood and the advanced age...
October 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089638/a-quantitative-and-non-contact-technique-to-characterise-microstructural-variations-of-skin-tissues-during-photo-damaging-process-based-on-mueller-matrix-polarimetry
#12
Yang Dong, Honghui He, Wei Sheng, Jian Wu, Hui Ma
Skin tissue consists of collagen and elastic fibres, which are highly susceptible to damage when exposed to ultraviolet radiation (UVR), leading to skin aging and cancer. However, a lack of non-invasive detection methods makes determining the degree of UVR damage to skin in real time difficult. As one of the fundamental features of light, polarization can be used to develop imaging techniques capable of providing structural information about tissues. In particular, Mueller matrix polarimetry is suitable for detecting changes in collagen and elastic fibres...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065282/does-facial-attractiveness-influence-perception-of-epilepsy-diagnosis-an-insight-into-stigma-in-epilepsy
#13
Aleksandar J Ristić, Olja Jovanović, Dragan Popadić, Višnja Pađen, Ahsan N V Moosa, Ana Krivokapić, Aleksandra Parojčić, Ivana Berisavac, Andrej Ilanković, Vladimir Baščarević, Nikola Vojvodić, Dragoslav Sokić
BACKGROUND: Using a group of young healthy individuals and patients with multiple sclerosis (pMS), we aimed to investigate whether the physical attractiveness judgment affects perception of epilepsy. We tested hypothesis that subjects, in the absence of relevant clues, would catch upon the facial attractiveness when asked to speculate which person suffers epilepsy and select less attractive choices. METHOD: Two photo-arrays (7 photos for each gender) selected from the Chicago Face Database (180 neutral faces of Caucasian volunteers with unknown medical status) were shown to study participants...
October 21, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057502/validation-of-digital-photographic-reference-scales-for-evaluating-facial-aging-signs
#14
Randa Jdid, Julie Latreille, Frédérique Soppelsa, Erwin Tschachler, Frédérique Morizot
BACKGROUND: Validated tools are essential to evaluate facial skin aging for both dermatological and cosmetic investigations. While many visual aging scales have been developed, few have been validated and none in terms of degree of distinguishability (DD). We developed and validated a series of visual scales using a novel digital interface for scoring facial skin aging in Caucasian women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three dermatologists independently established scales for 12 distinct aging signs from high-definition facial photographs of 400 adult women (Fitzpatrick phototypes I-IV) taken under standardized conditions...
October 22, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055773/the-relationship-between-facebook-and-instagram-appearance-focused-activities-and-body-image-concerns-in-young-women
#15
Rachel Cohen, Toby Newton-John, Amy Slater
The present study aimed to identify the specific social networking sites (SNS) features that relate to body image concerns in young women. A total of 259 women aged 18-29years completed questionnaire measures of SNS use (Facebook and Instagram) and body image concerns. It was found that appearance-focused SNS use, rather than overall SNS use, was related to body image concerns in young women. Specifically, greater engagement in photo activities on Facebook, but not general Facebook use, was associated with greater thin-ideal internalisation and body surveillance...
October 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048166/atomistic-explanation-for-interlayer-charge-transfer-in-metal-semiconductor-nanocomposites-the-case-of-silver-and-anatase
#16
Giovanni Di Liberto, Valentina Pifferi, Leonardo Lo Presti, Michele Ceotto, Luigi Falciola
A concerted theoretical and experimental investigation of the silver/anatase hybrid nanocomposite, a very promising material for advanced sensing applications, is presented. We measure its exceptional electrochemical virtues in terms of current densities and reproducibility, providing their explanation at the atomic-scale level and demonstrating how and why silver acts as a positive electrode. Using periodic plane-wave DFT calculations, we estimate the overall amount of electron transfer toward the semiconductor side of the interface at equilibrium...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040425/apparent-age-is-a-reliable-assessment-tool-in-20-facelift-patients
#17
Russell S Frautschi, Eliana F Duraes, Kashyap K Tadisina, Rafael A Couto, James E Zins
Background: Although the literature is replete with favorable facelift results, there are few validated facial rejuvenation outcome measures. Apparent age (AA), a visual estimate of age by objective observers, has been utilized in several studies; although attractive, AA lacks validation. Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the reliability of AA, highlighting the importance of the exclusive use of validated outcome measures in future studies. Methods: Ten blinded reviewers assessed pre- and postoperative photographs of 32 patients who underwent facelift...
September 18, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039343/mini-review-phenolics-for-skin-photo-aging
#18
Atif Ali
Photo-aging is one of the foremost problems caused by generation of reactive oxygen species when skin is exposed on UV irradiation. In view of that, generation of reactive oxygen species intermingle with proteins, DNA, saccharides and fatty acids triggering oxidative mutilation and effects are in the appearance of distressed cell metabolism, morphological and ultra-structural changes, mistreat on the routes and revisions in the demarcation, propagation and skin apoptosis living cells which leads to photo-aging...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028861/the-rationale-of-anti-aging-cosmetic-ingredients
#19
Michele Verschoore, Marion Nielson
<p>Anti-aging cosmetics are a mainstay in the skin care regimen irrespective of gender or human ethnics. Skin aging involves functional slowdown combined with environmental induced alterations. This paper focuses on cosmetic ingredients that aim at alleviating the signs of skin aging, with proven/controlled results of efficacy. Anti-aging skin care widely benefits from new ingredients and modern evaluation methods that can substantiate the effects of innovative products in a perceivable and sensitive manner...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016586/preference-of-food-items-and-physical-activity-of-peri-urban-children-in-bhaktapur
#20
Abhinav Vaidya, Natalia Oli, Alexandra Krettek, Gabriele Eiben
BACKGROUND: Though cardiovascular diseases are mostly seen in adulthood, the foundation of diet and physical activity is largely formed during childhood. The study aimed to explore children's preference for diet and physical activity in a peri-urban area of Nepal because this is an important dimension to explore in the life-course approach to combat non-communicable diseases. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study to enquire young peri-urban children of Duwakot and Jhaukhel villages of Bhaktapur district, Nepal on their preferences for diet and physical activity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
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