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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931182/-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#1
Esther M Hoffmann, Verena Prokosch-Willing
Glaucoma leads to blindness but there are diagnostic and therapeutic developments that aid ophthalmologists in the improved mangement of the disease compared to the past. Known risk factors such as age, myopia, dark pigmented skin, genetics, and elevated intraocular pressure play an important role for the individual patient's prognosis, and many yet unknown or not sufficiently investigated risk factors come along. The structured examination of the optic nerve head is crucial for the clincial diagnosis by the ophthalmologist...
September 20, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925870/pollution-and-sun-exposure-a-deleterious-synergy-mechanisms-and-opportunities-for-skin-protection
#2
Laurent Marrot
Pollutants are highly diverse chemical entities, including gases such as ozone or nitrogen and sulphur oxides and particulate matter of different sizes and with different chemical constituents. PM2.5 is composed of particles that are sometimes about ten nanometres or so in size (ultrafine particles) which can be deposited in lung alveoli, translocated into capillaries and then distributed to all organs through blood circulation. PM2.5 is often associated with toxic chemicals such as heavy metals or polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and some photo-reactive PAHs can induce strong oxidative stress under UVA exposure...
September 18, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923696/the-reliability-of-card-based-and-tablet-based-left-right-judgment-measurements
#3
Kory J Zimney, Craig A Wassinger, James Goranson, Tarkenton Kingsbury, Taylor Kuhn, Sarah Morgan
BACKGROUND: Left/right judgment (LRJ) measurement is a potential way to identify dysfunction in cortical body maps, and to measure improvement related to corresponding treatments. Few studies have explored the reliability of various methods for LRJ measurement. OBJECTIVES: To determine measurement reliability of LRJ utilizing two methods: card-based (CB) and tablet-based (TB). Establish minimal detectable difference (MDD) for accuracy and reaction time for both assessments...
September 4, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891475/comparison-of-transcutaneous-bilirubin-measurement-with-total-serum-bilirubin-levels-in-preterm-neonates-receiving-phototherapy
#4
Amruta Pendse, Bonny Jasani, Ruchi Nanavati, Nandkishor Kabra
OBJECTIVE: To compare transcutaneous bilirubin with total serum bilirubin in preterm neonates after initiation of phototherapy. METHODS: Jaundice was assessed in 30 preterm neonates with transcutaneous bilirubin and total serum bilirubin before initiation of phototherapy and at 12 hr after initiation of phototherapy. A photo-occlusive patch was applied over the sternum. RESULTS: Transcutaneous bilirubin has a good correlation with total serum bilirubin after initiation of phototherapy...
August 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888147/overweight-hyperglycemia-and-tobacco-use-are-modifiable-risk-factors-for-onset-of-retinopathy-9-and-17years-after-the-diagnosis-of-diabetes-a-retrospective-observational-nation-wide-cohort-study
#5
M Tyrberg, L Nyström, H J Arnqvist, J Bolinder, S Gudbjörnsdottir, M Landin-Olsson, J W Eriksson, M K Svensson
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to estimate the risk for diabetic retinopathy (DR) and to identify risk factors. We investigated a nationwide population-based cohort with diabetes diagnosed at age 15-34years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of 794 patients registered 1987-1988 in the Diabetes Incidence Study in Sweden (DISS) 444 (56%) patients with retinal photos available for classification of retinopathy participated in a follow-up study 15-19 (median 17) years after diagnosis...
August 24, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887842/seasonally-induced-alterations-of-some-facial-signs-in-caucasian-women-impact-of-a-daily-application-of-a-photo-protective-product
#6
Frederic Flament, Brigitte Gautier, Amelie-Marie Benize, Aude Charbonneau, Matthieu Cassier
OBJECTIVES: These were two-fold: i) to record through standardized pictures, the possible changes in 14 facial signs induced, in a 6-month period, by the periodical shift from winter to summer in a group of 42 Caucasian women residing in Paris and ii) to appraise the preventive effects of a strong photo-protective product, daily applied to their face by an additional group (N=40) of women of same age-range and presenting same severities of facial signs in winter. METHODS: Facial signs (structural and pigmentation-related) were graded in blind by a panel of 12 experts from photographs taken under standard conditions...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885867/clinical-characteristics-of-recessive-retinal-degeneration-due-to-mutations-in-the-cdhr1-gene-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
A P Bessette, M J DeBenedictis, E I Traboulsi
BACKGROUND: The clinical phenotype of patients presenting with autosomal recessive CDHR1-related retinopathy has not been well described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of patients presenting to a single institution. Clinical data, including age, visual acuity, dilated fundus exam, fundus photos, fundus autofluorescence (FAF), optical coherence tomography, full-field electroretinograms (ERGs), and results of genetic testing, were collected...
September 8, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885315/tuberous-breast-past-present-and-future-personal-classification-treatment-and-surgical-outcomes
#8
Alessandro Innocenti, Marco Innocenti, Francesco Mori, Dario Melita, Francesco Ciancio, Adriana Cordova
BACKGROUND: Tuberous breast (TB) is a rare congenital deformity, which may appear in different clinical forms representing various degrees of a single pathological entity. The worst cases are characterized by severe hypoplasia. Following a detailed analysis of the available relevant literature and a significant number of treated cases, in this article, the authors propose a new classification, with the aim of summarizing and simplifying a more intuitive categorization of the malformation, considering all the clinical aspects and including all types of TBs, even the minor ones, thus allowing a more immediate diagnosis and surgical planning...
September 6, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884844/an-open-label-clinical-trial-assessing-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-bend-skincare-anti-aging-formula-on-minimal-erythema-dose-in-skin
#9
Nancy L Morse, Anna-Jean Reid, Marc St-Onge
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Sunburn and other health risks associated with excess sun exposure place huge economic burdens on societies, and create discomfort and disease within susceptible individuals. Oral supplements that reduce sunburn may be advantageous. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of Bend Skincare Anti-Aging Formula to ameliorate sunburn induced with a solar simulator. METHODS: Subjects (n= 28) with Fitzpatrick skin phototypes I, II or III took four capsules daily of the supplement providing 1400 mg of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)+ docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), 120 mg of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), 5 mg of lutein, 2...
September 8, 2017: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880437/prevalence-of-earlobe-creases-and-their-association-with-history-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Minako Wakasugi, Junichiro James Kazama, Kazuko Kawamura, Suguru Yamamoto, Masaaki Nagai, Kentaro Omori, Saori Yokota, Hirokazu Fujikawa, Ikuo Aoike, Tsukasa Omori, Ichiei Narita
Earlobe creases are surrogate markers for high risk of cardiovascular disease. There is no data concerning earlobe creases among hemodialysis patients, who have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of earlobe creases and their association with prevalent cardiovascular disease among hemodialysis patients. Patients undergoing hemodialysis were recruited from five outpatient hemodialysis centers. Both earlobes were photographed during a dialysis session with the patient in a supine position and the photos evaluated independently by two experienced nephrologists blinded to the participants' clinical characteristics...
September 7, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865186/hyaluronic-acid-hydroxyapatite-nanocomposite-hydrogels-for-enhanced-biophysical-and-biological-performance-in-a-dermal-matrix
#11
Seol-Ha Jeong, Yingfang Fan, Kwang-Hee Cheon, Jaeuk Baek, Sukwha Kim, Hyoun-Ee Kim
A hyaluronic acid (HAc) - hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanocomposite (HAc-nanoHAp) hydrogel was fabricated through an in situ precipitation process for mechanical and biological enhancement as a soft tissue augmentation product. In this study, these composite hydrogel fillers were analyzed from three different perspectives and compared with pure HAc hydrogel for soft tissue augmentation application: 1) rheological behaviors, 2) in vivo lateral diffusion under mouse skin, and 3) wrinkle improvement in a photo-aged mouse model...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854196/home-food-preparation-practices-experiences-and-perceptions-a-qualitative-interview-study-with-photo-elicitation
#12
Susanna Mills, Martin White, Wendy Wrieden, Heather Brown, Martine Stead, Jean Adams
Food-related choices have an important impact on health. Food preparation methods may be linked to diet and health benefits. However, the factors influencing people's food choices, and how they are shaped by food preparation experiences, are still not fully understood. We aimed to study home food preparation practices, experiences and perceptions amongst adults in North East England. A matrix was used to purposively sample participants with diverse socio-demographic characteristics. Participants developed photographic food diaries that were used as prompts during semi-structured interviews...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846504/a-mobile-health-data-collection-system-for-remote-areas-to-monitor-women-participating-in-a-cervical-cancer-screening-campaign
#13
Kelly Quercia, Phuong Lien Tran, Jéromine Jinoro, Joséa Lea Herniainasolo, Manuela Viviano, Pierre Vassilakos, Caroline Benski, Patrick Petignat
BACKGROUND: Barriers to efficient cervical cancer screening in low- and medium-income countries include the lack of systematic monitoring of the participants' data. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a mobile health (m-Health) data collection system to facilitate monitoring of women participating to cervical cancer screening campaign. METHODS: Women aged 30-65 years, participating in a cervical cancer screening campaign in Ambanja, Madagascar, were invited to participate in the study...
August 28, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843901/fate-of-oxygenated-intermediates-in-solar-irradiated-diluted-bitumen-mixed-with-saltwater
#14
Zeyu Yang, Gong Zhang, Bruce P Hollebone, Carl E Brown, Chun Yang, Patrick Lambert, Zhendi Wang, Mike Landriault, Keval Shah
Two types of diluted bitumen (dilbit) and a light crude oil spiked onto the surface of saltwater were irradiated with natural solar light in Ottawa to assess the impact of sunlight to the fate of oxygenated intermediates. Oxygenated components, including carbonyl polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and acidic polar fractions (naphthenic acid fraction compounds, NAFCs), were identified after periods of solar exposure under both winter and summer conditions. Carbonyl PAHs and NAFCs were formed in both seasons; however, light crude and summer irradiation produced higher abundance of them than dilbits and winter exposure...
August 24, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843391/-management-of-bone-and-mineral-metabolism-disorders-before-the-dialysis-stage-remains-still-perfectible-data-from-the-french-phosphorus-and-calcium-survey-photo-graphe
#15
Guillaume Jean, Éric Daugas, Hubert Roth, Tilman Drueke, Jean-Louis Bouchet, Thierry Hannedouche, Gérard London, Denis Fouque
Only limited data is available on the management of the chronic kidney disease-associated bone and mineral metabolism disorder (CKD-MBD) in the pre-dialysis stages of CKD in France. A better knowledge of current management habits could lead to an improvement in the implementation of international recommendations (KDIGO). The 3rd version of the French Phosphorus and Calcium Survey Photo-Graphe (Sanofi) included a cohort of CKD stages 4 and 5 patients, whose aim was to examine the prevalence of CKD-MBD and the quality of its management in patients under the care of 62 nephrologists from over 20 geographical regions in France...
August 23, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841171/the-red-algae-compound-3-bromo-4-5-dihydroxybenzaldehyde-protects-human-keratinocytes-on-oxidative-stress-related-molecules-and-pathways-activated-by-uvb-irradiation
#16
Mei Jing Piao, Kyoung Ah Kang, Yea Seong Ryu, Kristina Shilnikova, Jeong Eon Park, Yu Jae Hyun, Ao Xuan Zhen, Hee Kyoung Kang, Young Sang Koh, Mee Jung Ahn, Jin Won Hyun
Skin exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation leads to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Excessive ROS cause aging of the skin via basement membrane/extracellular matrix degradation by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). We recently demonstrated that 3-bromo-4,5-dihydroxybenzaldehyde (BDB), a natural compound of red algae, had a photo-protective effect against UVB-induced oxidative stress in human keratinocytes. The present study focused on the effect of BDB on UVB-irradiated photo-aging in HaCaT keratinocytes and the underlying mechanism...
August 25, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818020/preserving-self-theorizing-the-social-and-psychological-processes-of-living-with-parkinson-disease
#17
Terrie Vann-Ward, Janice M Morse, Kathy Charmaz
The purpose of this constructivist grounded theory article is to identify, explore, and theorize the social and psychological processes used by people with Parkinson disease. Analytic procedures generated the five-stage theory of Preserving self of people with Parkinson disease: (a) making sense of symptoms, (b) defining turning points, (c) experiencing identity dilemmas, (d) reconnecting the self, and (e) envisioning a future. Reminders of former selves and capabilities were painful; participants desperately sought normalcy...
June 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811069/prevalence-of-primate-and-interdental-spaces-for-primary-dentition-in-3-to-6-year-old-children-in-taiwan
#18
Kuo-Ting Sun, Yu-Fen Li, Jui-Ting Hsu, Ming-Gene Tu, Chung-Jui Hung, Ya-Hsin Hsueh, Hung-Huey Tsai
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Spaced primary dentition plays a critical role in the eruption of permanent teeth and the establishment of ideal occlusion. A lack of these spaces in deciduous dentition may result in disproportionate jaw and tooth sizes. Additionally, spaced primary dentition is significantly affected by ethnic factors. However, few of these studies have been conducted in Asia. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of spaced primary dentition in Taiwan. METHODS: One hundred and forty-seven 3- to 6-year-old Taiwanese children (58 girls and 89 boys) were recruited for a cross-sectional study...
August 12, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808192/classification-of-facial-wrinkles-among-chinese-women
#19
Jiechen Zhang, Wei Hou, Suying Feng, Xiangsheng Chen, Hongwei Wang
It is generally recognized that Caucasians and Asians have different skin aging features. The aim of this study was to develop a facial wrinkle grading scale for Chinese women. Standard photographs were taken of 242 Chinese women. Six sets of 0 to 9 wrinkle scales with reference photographs and descriptions were selected, including grading scales for resting and hyperkinetic crow's feet, frontalis lines, glabellar frown lines, and nasolabial folds. To identify the scale by objective quantitative measurement, skin surface measurements from the Visioscan(®) VC98 were used...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807206/graft-loss-review-of-a-single-burn-center-s-experience-and-proposal-of-a-graft-loss-grading-scale
#20
Lauren B Nosanov, Melissa M McLawhorn, Lamisa Hassan, Taryn E Travis, Shawn Tejiram, Laura S Johnson, Lauren T Moffatt, Jeffrey W Shupp
BACKGROUND: There exists neither a consensus definition of burn "graft loss" nor a scale with which to grade severity. We introduced an institutional scale in 2014 for quality improvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed all burned patients with graft loss on departmental Morbidity and Mortality reports between July 2014 and July 2016. Graft loss grades were assigned during the course of clinical care per institutional scale. Chronic nonhealing wounds and nonburn wounds were excluded...
August 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
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