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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439575/polymerization-efficacy-affects-the-long-term-mini-interfacial-fracture-toughness
#1
Pong Pongprueksa, Jan De Munck, Bruno C Barreto, Bart Van Meerbeek
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of the type and concentration of photo-initiator on the long-term bonding efficacy to dentin in terms of mini-interfacial fracture toughness (mini-iFT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The bonding efficacy of the one-step self-etch (SE) adhesive Clearfil S3 Bond Plus and four derivative experimental adhesives (Leuven University Bond [LUB]), which were similar in composition except for the (co)photo-initiators (all prepared by Kuraray Noritake), containing 2...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438165/microglia-derived-il-1%C3%AE-promotes-chemokine-expression-by-m%C3%A3-ller-cells-and-rpe-in-focal-retinal-degeneration
#2
Riccardo Natoli, Nilisha Fernando, Michele Madigan, Joshua A Chu-Tan, Krisztina Valter, Jan Provis, Matt Rutar
BACKGROUND: Chemokine signalling is required for the homing of leukocytes during retinal inflammation, and is associated with pathogenesis of diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Here, we explore the role of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in modulating AMD-associated chemokines Ccl2, Cxcl1, and Cxcl10 during photo-oxidative retinal damage, and the effect on both the accumulation of outer-retinal macrophages, and death of photoreceptors. METHODS: Inhibition of retinal IL-1β expression was performed using either siRNA or antibody neutralisation, which was intravitreally injected in SD rats prior to photo-oxidative damage...
April 24, 2017: Molecular Neurodegeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428893/characteristics-and-racial-variations-of-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-in-tertiary-centers-in-the-united-states-and-united-kingdom
#3
Tarek Alasil, Nelida Munoz, Pearse A Keane, Adnan Tufail, Patrick A Coady, Eduardo Novais, Talisa E de Carlo, Caroline R Baumal, Nadia K Waheed, Jay S Duker, Ron A Adelman
PURPOSE: To evaluate the characteristics and racial variations amongst patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in the United States and the United Kingdom. METHODS: Fundus photos and indocyanine green angiography images were evaluated in a multicenter retrospective study to establish the diagnosis of PCV. Visual acuity (VA) was recorded in ETDRS letter count. RESULTS: Eighty eyes of 71 PCV patients (average age of 69.4 ± 10...
2017: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420762/resting-heart-rate-variability-and-exercise-capacity-in-type-1-diabetes
#4
Luke C Wilson, Karen C Peebles, Neil A Hoye, Patrick Manning, Catherine Sheat, Michael J A Williams, Gerard T Wilkins, Genevieve A Wilson, James C Baldi
People with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have lower exercise capacity (V̇O2max) than their age-matched nondiabetic counterparts (CON), which might be related to cardiac autonomic dysfunction. We examined whether Heart Rate Variability (HRV; indicator of cardiac autonomic modulation) was associated with exercise capacity in those with and without T1D. Twenty-three participants with uncomplicated T1D and 17 matched CON were recruited. Heart rate (HR; ECG), blood pressure (BP; finger photo-plethysmography), and respiratory rate (respiratory belt) were measured during baseline, paced-breathing and clinical autonomic reflex tests (CARTs); deep breathing, lying-to-stand, and Valsalva maneuver...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417932/marine-microbial-derived-molecules-and-their-potential-use-in-cosmeceutical-and-cosmetic-products
#5
REVIEW
Cinzia Corinaldesi, Giulio Barone, Francesca Marcellini, Antonio Dell'Anno, Roberto Danovaro
The oceans encompass a wide range of habitats and environmental conditions, which host a huge microbial biodiversity. The unique characteristics of several marine systems have driven a variety of biological adaptations, leading to the production of a large spectrum of bioactive molecules. Fungi, fungi-like protists (such as thraustochytrids) and bacteria are among the marine organisms with the highest potential of producing bioactive compounds, which can be exploited for several commercial purposes, including cosmetic and cosmeceutical ones...
April 12, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417557/a-multitarget-approach-toward-the-development-of-a-new-series-of-8-substituted-purines-for-photoprotection-and-prevention-of-ultra-violet-uv-related-damages
#6
Ernestine Nicaise Djuidje, Valeria Dissette, Alessia Bino, Simonetta Benetti, Jan Balzarini, Sandra Liekens, Stefano Manfredini, Silvia Vertuani, Anna Baldisserotto
In environmental abundance, UV is the most important modifiable risk factor for skin cancer and many other skin diseases such as early photo-aging. Among solar radiation, ultraviolet (UV) is mainly responsible for inducing skin problems. In search of novel photoprotective purines, a new series of 8-substituted purines were synthesized from commercially available 6-hydroxy-4,5-diaminopyrimidine hemisulfate or 4,5-diaminopyrimidine. All the title compounds were investigated for their UV-filter, antioxidant, antifugal and antiproliferative activities...
April 18, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408343/the-impact-of-cellular-senescence-in-skin-ageing-a-notion-of-mosaic-and-therapeutic-strategies
#7
REVIEW
Marie Toutfaire, Emilie Bauwens, Florence Debacq-Chainiaux
Cellular senescence is now recognized as one of the nine hallmarks of ageing. Recent data show the involvement of senescent cells in tissue ageing and some age-related diseases. Skin represents an ideal model for the study of ageing. Indeed, skin ageing varies between individuals depending on their chronological age but also on their exposure to various exogenous factors (mainly ultraviolet rays). If senescence traits can be detected with ageing in the skin, the senescent phenotype varies among the various skin cell types...
April 10, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399269/loss-of-melanopsin-expressing-retinal-ganglion-cells-in-patients-with-diabetic-retinopathy
#8
Elisabeth Anne Obara, Jens Hannibal, Steffen Heegaard, Jan Fahrenkrug
Purpose: Photo-entrainment of the circadian clock is mediated by melanopsin-expressing retinal ganglion cells (mRGCs) located in the retina. Patients suffering from diabetic retinopathy (DR) show impairment of light regulated circadian activity such as sleep disorders, altered blood pressure, and abnormal melatonin secretion. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of DR on the expression of mRGCs in the human retina. Methods: The expression of mRGCs and RGCs was determined in eye sections containing retinal tissue from patients with DR (n = 6) and respective age-matched controls (n = 8) using immunohistochemistry by costaining with antibodies against RNA binding protein with multiple splicing (RBPMS), which identified RGCs and melanopsin which identified the mRGCs...
April 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390258/diosmin-essential-oil-combination-for-dermal-photo-protection-using-a-lipoid-colloidal-carrier
#9
Rabab Kamel, Haidy Abbas, Ahmed Fayez
Solar irradiation induces skin inflammatory processes causing deleterious effects like premature ageing. In this study, the designed lipoid colloidal carrier (LCC) was loaded with Diosmin in combination with different essential oils, to be used as a topical photo-protective preparation. To investigate the ability of the essential oils to potentiate Diosmin effects, the Diosmin/essential oil-loaded LCCs (LCC2, LCC3 and LCC4) were compared to the Diosmin-loaded LCC (LCC1). The incorporated essential oils were those of Rosmarinus officinalis, Zingiber officinale or Vitis vinifera in LCC2, LCC3 and LCC4, respectively...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372833/chemical-toxicity-and-ecotoxicity-evaluation-of-tannery-sludge-stabilized-with-ladle-furnace-slag
#10
E Pantazopoulou, A Zouboulis
In this study, the stabilization of tannery sludge, which produced during the physico-chemical treatment of tannery wastewaters, was examined by the addition of ladle furnace slag. Moreover, the simultaneous addition of organoclay and ladle furnace slag for the stabilization of tannery sludge was also examined. Chromium and dissolved organic carbon in the leachate of raw tannery sludge, using the EN 12457-2 standard leaching test, were found to exceed the limit values for disposal in non-hazardous and even in hazardous waste landfills, according to the EU Decision 2003/33/EC...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366234/probing-the-neutralization-behavior-of-zwitterionic-monomer-containing-dental-adhesive
#11
Linyong Song, Qiang Ye, Xueping Ge, Anil Misra, Candan Tamerler, Paulette Spencer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the polymerization kinetics, neutralization behavior, and mechanical properties of amine-functionalized dental adhesive cured in the presence of zwitterionic monomer, methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC). METHODS: The control adhesive was a mixture based on HEMA/BisGMA/2-N-morpholinoethyl methacrylate (MEMA) (40/30/30, w/w/w). The control and experimental formulations containing MPC were characterized with regard to water miscibility of liquid resins, photopolymerization kinetics, water sorption and solubility, dynamic mechanical properties and leachables from the polymers (aged in ethanol)...
May 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361647/effects-of-photo-depicted-pupil-diameter-on-judgments-of-others-attentiveness-and-on-facial-recognition-memory
#12
Nicholas Watier, Christopher Healy, Heather Armstrong
Occasionally, individuals perceive that someone is no longer paying attention to the discussion at hand even when there are no overt cues of inattentiveness. As a preliminary study of this phenomenon, we examined whether pupil diameter might be implicitly used to infer others' attentiveness. Forty participants (27 women, 13 men, M age = 19.7 year, SD = 2.8) were presented with images of male faces with either large or small pupils, and, in the context of a personnel selection scenario, participants then judged the attentiveness of the person in the image...
April 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355592/primary-particulate-emissions-and-secondary-organic-aerosol-soa-formation-from-idling-diesel-vehicle-exhaust-in-china
#13
Wei Deng, Qihou Hu, Tengyu Liu, Xinming Wang, Yanli Zhang, Wei Song, Yele Sun, Xinhui Bi, Jianzhen Yu, Weiqiang Yang, Xinyu Huang, Zhou Zhang, Zhonghui Huang, Quanfu He, Abdelwahid Mellouki, Christian George
In China diesel vehicles dominate the primary emission of particulate matters from on-road vehicles, and they might also contribute substantially to the formation of secondary organic aerosols (SOA). In this study tailpipe exhaust of three typical in-use diesel vehicles under warm idling conditions was introduced directly into an indoor smog chamber with a 30m(3) Teflon reactor to characterize primary emissions and SOA formation during photo-oxidation. The emission factors of primary organic aerosol (POA) and black carbon (BC) for the three types of Chinese diesel vehicles ranged 0...
March 26, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352605/photo-epilation-with-intense-pulsed-light-for-thinning-of-anterior-hairline-after-hairline-correction-surgery-in-east-asians
#14
Jae Hyun Park, Seung Yong Lee, Seung Hyun You, Na Rae Kim
BACKGROUND: Thin hairs are critical to achieve natural result in female hairline correction surgery. However, there are few studies on the usefulness of hair thinning by intense pulsed light (IPL) after hairline correction surgery in East Asian females. METHODS: Hair thinning using IPL was performed in 54 women who had complained about thick hairs along the frontal hairline after hairline correction surgery. Patient mean age was 31.2 years old and patients were an average of 2...
March 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336424/the-impact-of-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-on-rpe-degeneration-in-non-neovascular-amd
#15
REVIEW
Sayantan Datta, Marisol Cano, Katayoon Ebrahimi, Lei Wang, James T Handa
The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is a highly specialized, unique epithelial cell that interacts with photoreceptors on its apical side and with Bruch's membrane and the choriocapillaris on its basal side. Due to vital functions that keep photoreceptors healthy, the RPE is essential for maintaining vision. With aging and the accumulated effects of environmental stresses, the RPE can become dysfunctional and die. This degeneration plays a central role in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) pathobiology, the leading cause of blindness among the elderly in western societies...
March 20, 2017: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318916/radiation-free-3d-head-shape-and-volume-evaluation-after-endoscopically-assisted-strip-craniectomy-followed-by-helmet-therapy-for-trigonocephaly
#16
Guido de Jong, Manon Tolhuisen, Jene Meulstee, Ferdi van der Heijden, Erik van Lindert, Wilfred Borstlap, Thomas Maal, Hans Delye
INTRODUCTION: Radiation-free 3D post-operative sequential follow-up in craniosynostosis is hindered by the lack of consistent markers restricting evaluation to subjective comparison. However, using the computed cranial focal point (CCFP), it is possible to perform correct sequential image superposition and objective evaluation. We used this technique for mean volume and shape change evaluation of the head utilizing 3D photos after endoscopically assisted trigonocephaly surgery. METHODS: We performed a mean head shape and volume evaluation on age grouped 3D photos (n = 86) of children who underwent endoscopically assisted strip craniectomy with helmet therapy...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316876/automated-brightness-and-contrast-adjustment-of-color-fundus-photographs-for-the-grading-of-age-related-macular-degeneration
#17
Edem Tsikata, Inês Laíns, João Gil, Marco Marques, Kelsey Brown, Tânia Mesquita, Pedro Melo, Maria da Luz Cachulo, Ivana K Kim, Demetrios Vavvas, Joaquim N Murta, John B Miller, Rufino Silva, Joan W Miller, Teresa C Chen, Deeba Husain
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop an algorithm to automatically standardize the brightness, contrast, and color balance of digital color fundus photographs used to grade AMD and to validate this algorithm by determining the effects of the standardization on image quality and disease grading. METHODS: Seven-field color photographs of patients (>50 years) with any stage of AMD and a control group were acquired at two study sites, with either the Topcon TRC-50DX or Zeiss FF-450 Plus cameras...
March 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302196/-association-between-intelligence-development-and-facial-expression-recognition-ability-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Ning Pan, Gui-Hua Wu, Ling Zhang, Ya-Fen Zhao, Han Guan, Cai-Juan Xu, Jin Jing, Yu Jin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the features of intelligence development, facial expression recognition ability, and the association between them in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: A total of 27 ASD children aged 6-16 years (ASD group, full intelligence quotient >70) and age- and gender-matched normally developed children (control group) were enrolled. Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Fourth Edition and Chinese Static Facial Expression Photos were used for intelligence evaluation and facial expression recognition test...
March 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295411/how-a-working-day-induced-tiredness-may-alter-some-facial-signs-in-differently-aged-caucasian-women
#19
Flament Frederic, Pierre Julien, Delhommeau Karine, Adam Anne-Sophie
OBJECTIVES: To assess the alterations of some facial clinical signs after a working day in French Caucasian women. METHODS: Standardized photographs of full faces of 111 women of two different age-classes were taken before and after a working day. Photos were submitted in blind (morning or evening) to a panel of 10 experts for scoring the severity of 8 different facial signs using specific scales as established by previously published referential skin atlases. A panel of 60 naïve women gave their assessment of the overall look (more or less tired, aged, dull) from paired (morning/evening) photos given in blind...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284439/when-age-progressed-images-are-unreliable-the-roles-of-external-features-and-age-range
#20
William Blake Erickson, James Michael Lampinen, Charlie D Frowd, Gregory Mahoney
When children go missing for many years, investigators commission age-progressed images from forensic artists to depict an updated appearance. These images have anecdotal success, and systematic research has found they lead to accurate recognition rates comparable to outdated photos. The present study examines the reliability of age progressions of the same individuals created by different artists. Eight artists first generated age progressions of eight targets across three age ranges. Eighty-five participants then evaluated the similarity of these images against other images depicting the same targets progressed at the same age ranges, viewing either whole faces or faces with external features concealed...
March 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
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