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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780762/framing-and-visual-type-effect-on-future-zika-vaccine-uptake-intent
#1
Jeanine P D Guidry, Kellie E Carlyle, Jessica G LaRose, Paul Perrin, Mark Ryan, Marcus Messner, Jay Adams
Introduction: The Zika virus is associated with the birth defect microcephaly, and while a vaccine was not available in early- 2017, several were under development. This study's purpose was to identify effective communication strategies to promote uptake of a new vaccine, particularly among women of reproductive age. Design and methods: In order to study the effects of Zika message framing (gain vs . loss) and visual type (photo vs . infographic) on future Zika vaccine uptake intent, a 2×2 between-subjects experiment was performed via an online survey in 2017 among 339 U...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766400/social-media-in-the-rei-clinic-what-do-patients-want
#2
Darcy E Broughton, Allison Schelble, Kristina Cipolla, Michele Cho, Jason Franasiak, Kenan R Omurtag
PURPOSE: To elicit patient preferences for social media utilization and content in the infertility clinic. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey study conducted in three US fertility practices. Women presenting to the infertility clinic for an initial or return visit were offered an anonymous voluntary social media survey. The survey elicited patient perception of whether social media use in the infertility clinic is beneficial, and preferences regarding topics of interest...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752877/characterization-of-rpe-melanin-and-degraded-synthetic-melanin-using-mass-spectrometry-and-in-vitro-biochemical-diagnostics
#3
Sally M Yacout, Kelsey L McIlwain, Shama P Mirza, Elizabeth R Gaillard
With increasing age, there is an observable loss of melanin in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. It is possible that degradation of the pigment contributes to the pathogenesis of retinal disease, as the cellular antioxidant material is depleted. Functionally, intact melanin maintains protective qualities, while oxidative degradation of melanin promotes reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and formation of metabolic byproducts, such as melanolipofuscin. Understanding the structural and functional changes to RPE melanin with increasing age may contribute to a better understanding of disease progression and risk factors for conditions such as Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...
May 12, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742305/red-grape-vitis-vinifera-l-flavonoids-down-regulate-collagen-type-iii-expression-after-uv-a-in-primary-human-dermal-blood-endothelial-cells
#4
Serena Di Francesco, Monica Savio, Nora Bloise, Giovanni Borroni, Lucia Anna Stivala, Riccardo G Borroni
Red grape (Vitis vinifera L.) flavonoids including flavan-3-ols (e.g., catechin and epicatechin), flavonols (e.g., quercetin) and anthocyanins (e.g., malvidin) exert anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. In the skin they also have a photoprotective action, and their effects have been extensively investigated in keratinocytes, melanocytes and fibroblasts. Despite their known effects also on blood vasculature, little is known on their activities on human dermal blood endothelial cells (HDBECs), which are critically involved in skin homeostasis as well as in the pathogenesis of neoplastic and inflammatory skin diseases...
May 9, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734615/characteristics-and-aging-of-traffic-derived-particles-in-a-highway-tunnel-at-a-coastal-city-in-southern-china
#5
Cong Hou, Longyi Shao, Wei Hu, Daizhou Zhang, Chengmei Zhao, Jiaoping Xing, Xiaofeng Huang, Min Hu
Road traffic is one of the major sources of particulate matters in the atmosphere. Tunnels provide a semi-closed place to measure traffic-derived particles before the particles were photo-chemically modified in the open air. In this study, aerosol particles were collected in a tunnel, and an urban site for comparison at a coastal city in south China. The particles were analyzed by using a transmission electron microscope coupled with an energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry. There were four groups of particles according to sources: tailpipe-emitted particles, wear debris, road dust, and secondary particles...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728639/towards-reconstruction-of-the-lost-late-bronze-age-intra-caldera-island-of-santorini-greece
#6
Dávid Karátson, Ralf Gertisser, Tamás Telbisz, Viktor Vereb, Xavier Quidelleur, Timothy Druitt, Paraskevi Nomikou, Szabolcs Kósik
During the Late Bronze Age, the island of Santorini had a semi-closed caldera harbour inherited from the 22 ka Cape Riva Plinian eruption, and a central island referred to as 'Pre-Kameni' after the present-day Kameni Islands. Here, the size and age of the intracaldera island prior to the Late Bronze Age (Minoan) eruption are constrained using a photo-statistical method, complemented by granulometry and high-precision K-Ar dating. Furthermore, the topography of Late Bronze Age Santorini is reconstructed by creating a new digital elevation model (DEM)...
May 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706660/health-behaviours-of-young-mothers-implications-for-health-promotion-and-cancer-prevention
#7
Lucy Hackshaw-McGeagh, Kimberly Jamie, Rhona Beynon, Roisin O'Neill
Objective: Evidence suggests that younger mothers engage in poorer health behaviours, resulting in increased cancer risk. We aimed to better understand the health behaviours of younger mothers and the factors that influence their lifestyle choices, in order to improve cancer prevention within this population. Methods: A multiple focus group, photo-elicitation-aided approach was used, in which young mothers ( n  = 27; aged 16-24 years) were provided with cameras and asked to capture 'a week in your life'...
April 2018: Health Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700807/clinical-and-dermoscopic-spectrum-of-discoid-lupus-erythematosus-novel-observations-from-lips-and-oral-mucosa
#8
Eman Salah
BACKGROUND: Under dermoscopy, discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) exhibits specific findings. Commonly DLE lesions affect sun-exposed sites, especially the face. However, most of the dermoscopic reports come from scalp DLE. To our knowledge, the dermoscopic pattern for mucosal and labial DLE has not been previously reported. METHODS: This study included 20 patients with histopathologically confirmed DLE lesions. Full history taking was obtained with photo documentation of lesions including the sites involved, the number of lesions per site, and the total number of lesions affecting every patient...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695283/survey-of-farmers-knowledge-of-cassava-mosaic-disease-and-their-preferences-for-cassava-cultivars-in-three-agro-ecological-zones-in-benin
#9
Jerome Anani Houngue, Justin S Pita, Gilles Habib Todjro Cacaï, Martine Zandjanakou-Tachin, Emmanuel A E Abidjo, Corneille Ahanhanzo
BACKGROUND: Cassava is an important crop in Africa that is widely cultivated for its starchy tuberous root, which constitutes a major source of dietary carbohydrates. Cassava mosaic disease (CMD) is the most devastating disease affecting cassava in Africa and causes enormous losses in yield. In Benin, specifically, cultivars resistant to CMD are not commonly planted, and even when CMD is observed in fields, farmers do not implement control measures, presumably because they lack proper knowledge and training...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661534/a-new-chlorin-formulation-promotes-efficient-photodynamic-action-in-choriocapillaris-of-rabbit-s-eyes
#10
Gustavo H A Salomao, Adjaci U Fernandes, Mauricio S Baptista, João Paulo Tardivo, Stella Gianssante, Juliana Mora Veridiano, Olga Maria S Toledo, Giuliana Petri, Denise Maria Christofolini, João Antonio Correa
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) as well as other choroidal diseases, demand novel therapeutic methods. Photodynamic therapy (PDT), which uses light and photosensitizer (PS) to cause specific vascular occlusion in the macula, is an interesting alternative. The only drug approved for the PDT treatment of AMD (Verteporfin) has a natural tendency to aggregate, demanding an expensive separation procedure during purification. We report a novel and affordable PS that is intrinsically protected against aggregation, the Monomeric Chlorin at High Concentration (MCHC-Chlorin), whose liposomal formulation was developed to provoke effective photodynamic action on the choroidal vasculature...
April 4, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655520/comparing-ultraviolet-light-a-photo-chemo-therapy-with-methotrexate-protocol-in-childhood-localized-scleroderma-evidence-from-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-approach
#11
REVIEW
Edoardo Marrani, Ivan Foeldvari, Jordi Anton Lopez, Rolando Cimaz, Gabriele Simonini
OBJECTIVE: Localized scleroderma is a skin fibrosing disorder that, if untreated, may result in severe disability. The purpose of this systematic review is to compare the present evidence concerning the effectiveness of Methotrexate versus phototherapy, alone or associated with Psoralen, in childhood localized scleroderma. METHOD: A systematic search between January 1996 and May 2017 was performed to identify studies investigating the efficacy of Methotrexate (MTX) or phototherapy (UVA) for treating localized scleroderma with onset ≤18 years...
March 14, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642468/study-and-development-of-a-fluorescence-based-sensor-system-for-monitoring-oxygen-in-wine-production-the-wow-project
#12
Nicola Trivellin, Diego Barbisan, Denis Badocco, Paolo Pastore, Gaudenzio Meneghesso, Matteo Meneghini, Enrico Zanoni, Giuseppe Belgioioso, Angelo Cenedese
The importance of oxygen in the winemaking process is widely known, as it affects the chemical aspects and therefore the organoleptic characteristics of the final product. Hence, it is evident the usefulness of a continuous and real-time measurements of the levels of oxygen in the various stages of the winemaking process, both for monitoring and for control. The WOW project (Deployment of WSAN technology for monitoring Oxygen in Wine products) has focused on the design and the development of an innovative device for monitoring the oxygen levels in wine...
April 7, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618993/categorizing-two-taiwanese-major-political-parties-from-their-faces-the-influence-of-provincial-appearance
#13
Chien-Kai Chang, Mary Wen-Reng Ho, Sarina Hui-Lin Chien
People go beyond the inferences afforded by a person's observable features to make guesses about personality traits or even social memberships such as political affiliations. The present study extended Hu et al. (2016) to further investigate the influence of provincial appearance on differentiating KMT (Kuomintang) and DPP (Democratic Progressive Party) candidates by headshot photos with three experiments. In Experiment 1 (Membership categorization task), participants categorized the photos from the pilot study (where the difference between the perceived age of KMT and DPP candidates was reduced) and divided into four blocks by their perceived age...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614719/a-specific-melon-concentrate-exhibits-photoprotective-effects-from-antioxidant-activity-in-healthy-adults
#14
Laure Egoumenides, Audrey Gauthier, Sandy Barial, Marion Saby, Céline Orechenkoff, Guy Simoneau, Julie Carillon
Skin is the largest body organ and the first barrier to exogenous threats. This organ is constantly exposed to external factors such as ultraviolet radiation, which induces many adverse effects including sunburn, depigmentation, photo aging, photo immune suppression, and even skin cancer. Antioxidants seem to be good candidates in order to reduce ultraviolet-mediated damages and to prevent the health consequences of ultraviolet exposure. The present investigation aims to further characterize the potential skin photoprotective effects of a food supplementation and a topical administration of a melon concentrate alone or in combination...
March 31, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611819/protoporphyrin-ix-conjugated-cellulose-nanofibers-that-exhibit-high-antibacterial-photodynamic-inactivation-efficacy
#15
Jiancheng Dong, Reza A Ghiladi, Qingqing Wang, Yibing Cai, Qufu Wei
Towards the development of anti-infective nanoscale materials employing a photodynamic mechanism of action, we report the synthesis, physical properties (SEM, mechanical strength, water contact angle), spectroscopic characterization (infrared, Raman, DRUV), and evaluation of antibacterial efficacy of porphyrin-conjugated regenerated cellulose nanofibers, termed RC-TETA-PPIX-Zn. Cellulose acetate was electrospun to produce nanofibers, thermally treated to enhance mechanical strength, and finally hydrolyzed to produce regenerated cellulose (RC) nanofibers that possessed a high surface area and nanofibrous structure...
April 3, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600693/photodynamic-therapy-for-esthetic-cosmetic-indications
#16
Wolfgang G Philipp-Dormston
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a well-established, non-invasive treatment for a variety of dermatologic disorders, including actinic keratosis. Furthermore, PDT results in marked improvements in the signs of skin aging, although currently there are no standardized guidelines for PDT in skin rejuvenation. Two types of PDT are available: conventional-PDT (c-PDT) and the newly introduced daylight-PDT (DL-PDT). Both require a topical photosensitizer, a light source and oxygen, and both are comparable regarding safety and efficacy for treatment of photo-induced skin aging...
March 29, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587342/nutraceuticals-for-skin-care-a-comprehensive-review-of-human-clinical-studies
#17
REVIEW
Almudena Pérez-Sánchez, Enrique Barrajón-Catalán, María Herranz-López, Vicente Micol
The skin is the body's largest organ, it participates in sensitivity and offers protection against microorganisms, chemicals and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Consequently, the skin may suffer alterations such as photo-ageing, immune dysfunction and inflammation which may significantly affect human health. Nutraceuticals represent a promising strategy for preventing, delaying, or minimising premature ageing of the skin and also to alleviate certain skin disorders. Among them, bioactive peptides and oligosaccharides, plant polyphenols, carotenoids, vitamins and polyunsaturated fatty acids are the most widely used ingredients...
March 24, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567636/pregnant-women-sharing-pregnancy-related-information-on-facebook-web-based-survey-study
#18
Tammy Harpel
BACKGROUND: Research indicates expectant and new mothers use the Internet, specifically social media, to gain information and support during the transition to parenthood. Although parents regularly share information about and photos of their child or children on Facebook, researchers have neither explored the use of Facebook to share pregnancy-related information nor investigated factors that influence such sharing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to address a gap in the literature by exploring the use of Facebook by pregnant women...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566270/a-customized-approach-for-arm-fat-reduction-using-cryolipolysis
#19
Jason K Rivers, Marcie Ulmer, Brianne Vestvik, Sherisse Santos
OBJECTIVES: Cryolipolysis of the arms has been demonstrated to be an effective treatment for non-invasive reduction of subcutaneous fat. This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of the concurrent use of a new commercially-available small applicator in conjunction with an existing medium sized applicator for the customized treatment of arm fat. METHODS: Bilateral arms of 15 eligible subjects were simultaneously treated using one or two vacuum applicators with flat contours...
March 22, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545866/gsk126-ezh2-inhibitor-interferes-with-ultraviolet-a-radiation-induced-photoaging-of-human-skin-fibroblast-cells
#20
Haiyan Qin, Guang Zhang, Lianbo Zhang
Polycomb group genes (PcG) encode chromatin modification proteins that are involved in the epigenetic regulation of cell differentiation, proliferation and the aging processes. The key subunit of the PcG complex, enhancer of zeste 2 polycomb repressive complex 2 subunit (EZH2), has a central role in a variety of mechanisms, such as the formation of chromatin structure, gene expression regulation and DNA damage. In the present study, ultraviolet A (UVA) was used to radiate human dermal fibroblasts in order to construct a photo-aged cell model...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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