keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mass spectrometry images

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772224/pharmacokinetics-and-skin-tolerability-of-intracutaneous-zolmitriptan-delivery-in-swine-using-adhesive-dermally-applied-microarray-adam
#1
Joe Nguyen, Hayley Lewis, Ashley Queja, Anh Ngoc Diep, Guillaume Hochart, Mahmoud Ameri
Adhesive Dermally-Applied Microarray (ADAM) is a new drug delivery system that uses microprojections (340 μm long) for intracutaneous drug self-administration. We formulated zolmitriptan, a well-accepted and commonly used migraine medication, for administration using ADAM. In vivo studies were conducted in female prepubescent Yorkshire pigs using ADAM 1.9 mg zolmitriptan, applied to the inner thigh and left in place for 1 hour. Pharmacokinetic studies showed that the ADAM 1.9 mg zolmitriptan delivered with high efficiency (85%) and high absolute bioavailability (77%)...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770838/metal-oxide-nanoparticles-for-latent-fingerprint-visualization-and-analysis-of-small-drug-molecules-using-surface-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#2
Mohamed O Amin, Metwally Madkour, Entesar Al-Hetlani
We explored the applicability of different metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs; ZnO, TiO2 , Fe2 O3 , and CeO2 ) for the optical imaging and mass spectrometric determination of small drug molecules in latent fingerprints (LFPs). Optical imaging was achieved using a dry method-simply dusting the LFPs with a minute amount of NP powder-and still images were captured using a digital microscope and a smartphone camera. Mass spectrometric determination was performed using the NPs as substrates for surface-assisted laser desorption ionization/mass spectrometry (SALDI-MS), which enabled the detection of small drug molecules with high signal intensities...
May 17, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763442/platinum-corrosion-products-from-electrode-contacts-of-human-cochlear-implants-induce-cell-death-in-cell-culture-models
#3
Kirsten Wissel, Gudrun Brandes, Nils Pütz, Gian Luigi Angrisani, Jan Thieleke, Thomas Lenarz, Martin Durisin
Despite the technological progress made with cochlear implants (CI), impedances and their diagnosis remain a focus of interest. Increases in impedance have been related to technical defects of the electrode as well as inflammatory and/or fibrosis along the electrode. Recent studies have demonstrated highly increased impedances as the result of corroded platinum (Pt) electrode contacts. This in vitro study examined the effects of Pt ions and compounds generated by corrosion of the electrode contacts of a human CI on cell metabolism...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761444/laser-ablation-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry-imaging-laesi-ms-for-spatially-resolved-plant-metabolomics
#4
Desalegn W Etalo, Carmen Díez-Simón, Ric C H de Vos, Robert D Hall
There is increasing demand to bring the level of metabolomics analyses down to the tissue or cell level. Significant progress has been made involving the use of in situ metabolomics imaging techniques where no tissue collection or extraction is needed prior to analysis. In this chapter we describe a relatively new method which is simple and easy to use. No ectopic matrix or vacuum is required, and analyses are performed with living plant materials directly from (or even still attached to) the plant. Although relatively straightforward, there are still a few caveats as regards this method which are described at the end of the chapter...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761443/mass-spectrometry-imaging-msi-for-plant-metabolomics
#5
Berin A Boughton, Dinaiz Thinagaran
Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) is a developing technique to measure the spatiotemporal distribution of many biomolecules in tissues. Over the preceding decade MSI has been adopted by plant biologists and applied in a broad range of areas including: primary metabolism, natural products, plant defense, plant responses to abiotic and biotic stress, plant lipids, and the developing field of spatial metabolomics. This methods chapter covers preparation of plant tissues for matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI)-MSI, including sample embedding and freezing, sectioning, mounting, and matrix deposition using both sublimation and spray deposition prior to MSI analysis...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759594/liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-based-metabolomics-and-lipidomics-reveal-toxicological-mechanisms-of-bisphenol-f-in-breast-cancer-xenografts
#6
Chao Zhao, Peisi Xie, Hailin Wang, Zongwei Cai
Bisphenol F (BPF) is a major alternative to bisphenol (BPA) and has been widely used. Although BPA exposure is known to generate various toxic effects, toxicity of BPF remains under-explored. A comprehensive method involving mass spectrometry (MS)-based global lipidomics and metabolomics, and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry (MALDI)- MS imaging (MSI) was used to study toxic effects of BPF and the underlying mechanisms on tumor metastasis-related tissues (liver and kidney) in breast cancer xenografts...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757646/inhibition-of-breast-cancer-cell-migration-by-cyclotides-isolated-from-pombalia-calceolaria
#7
Meri Emili F Pinto, Jhenny Z G Najas, Luma G Magalhães, Antonio F Bobey, Jacqueline N Mendonça, Norberto P Lopes, Flávia M Leme, Simone P Teixeira, Marcelo Trovó, Adriano D Andricopulo, Johannes Koehbach, Christian W Gruber, Eduardo Maffud Cilli, Vanderlan S Bolzani
Two new bracelet cyclotides from roots of Pombalia calceolaria with potential anticancer activity have been characterized in this work. The cyclotides Poca A and B (1 and 2) and the previously known CyO4 (3) were de novo sequenced by MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry (MS). The MS2 spectra were examined and the amino acid sequences were determined. The purified peptides were tested for their cytotoxicity and effects on cell migration of MDA-MB-231, a triple-negative breast cancer cell line. The isolated cyclotides reduced the number of cancer cells by more than 80% at 20 μM, and the concentration-related cytotoxic responses were observed with IC50 values of 1...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754423/imaging-mass-spectrometry-for-characterization-of-atrial-fibrillation-subtypes
#8
Oliver Klein, Thorsten Hanke, Grit Nerbrich, Junfeng Yan, Benedikt Schubert, Patrick Giavalisco, Frank Noack, Herbert Thiele, Salah A Mohamed
PURPOSE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a cardiac arrhythmia characterized by a rapid and irregular heart rhythm. AF types, paroxysmal (PX), persistent (PE) and long-lasting persistent (LSP), requires differences in clinical management. Unfortunately, a significant proportion of AF patients are clinical misclassified. Therefore, our study aim that MALDI-Imaging (IMS) is valuable as a diagnostic aid in AF subtypes assessment. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients were clinically classified according guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology...
May 13, 2018: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753957/brainstem-blood-brain-barrier-disruption-using-focused-ultrasound-a-demonstration-of-feasibility-and-enhanced-doxorubicin-delivery
#9
Saira Alli, Carlyn A Figueiredo, Brian Golbourn, Nesrin Sabha, Megan Yijun Wu, Andrew Bondoc, Amanda Luck, Daniel Coluccia, Colin Maslink, Christian Smith, Heiko Wurdak, Kullervo Hynynen, Meaghan O'Reilly, James T Rutka
Magnetic Resonance Image-guided Focused Ultrasound (MRgFUS) has been used to achieve transient BBB opening without tissue injury. Delivery of a targeted ultrasonic wave causes an interaction between administered microbubbles and the capillary bed resulting in enhanced vessel permeability. The use of MRgFUS in the brainstem has not previously been shown but could provide value in the treatment of tumours such as Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG) where the intact BBB has contributed to the limited success of chemotherapy...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752761/spatial-analysis-of-lipid-metabolites-and-expressed-genes-reveals-tissue-specific-heterogeneity-of-lipid-metabolism-in-high-and-low-oil-brassica-napus-l-seeds
#10
Shaoping Lu, Drew Sturtevant, Mina Aziz, Cheng Jin, Qing Li, Kent D Chapman, Liang Guo
Despite the importance of oilseeds to worldwide human nutrition, and more recently to the production of bio-based diesel fuels, the detailed mechanisms regulating seed oil biosynthesis remain partly understood, especially from a tissue-specific perspective. Here, we investigated the spatial distributions of lipid metabolites and transcripts involved in oil biosynthesis from seeds of two low-erucic acid genotypes of Brassica napus with high and low seed oil content. Integrated results from matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) of lipids in situ, lipidome profiling of extracts from seed tissues, and tissue-specific transcriptome analysis revealed complex spatial distribution patterns of lipids and transcripts...
May 11, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750499/alpha-synuclein-fibrils-contain-multiple-binding-sites-for-small-molecules
#11
Chia-Ju Hsieh, John J Ferrie, Kuiying Xu, Iljung Lee, Thomas J A Graham, Zhude Tu, Jennifer Yu, Dhruva Dhavale, Paul Kotzbauer, E James Petersson, Robert H Mach
The fibrillary aggregation of the protein alpha synuclein (Asyn) is a hallmark of Parkinson's disease, and the identification of small molecule binding sites on fibrils is essential to the development of diagnostic imaging probes. A series of molecular modelling, photoaffinity labeling, mass spectrometry, and radioligand binding studies were conducted on Asyn fibrils. The results of these studies revealed the presence of three different binding sites within fibrillar Asyn capable of binding small molecules with moderate to high affinity...
May 11, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749514/proteomic-analysis-of-chick-retina-during-early-recovery-from-lens%C3%A2-induced-myopia
#12
Yun Yun Zhou, Rachel Ka Man Chun, Jian Chao Wang, Bing Zuo, King Kit Li, Thomas Chuen Lam, Quan Liu, Chi-Ho To
Myopia development has been extensively studied from different perspectives. Myopia recovery is also considered important for understanding the development of myopia. However, despite several previous studies, retinal proteomics during recovery from myopia is still relatively unknown. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the changes in protein profiles of chicken retinas during early recovery from lens‑induced myopia to evaluate the signals involved in the adjustment of this refractive disorder...
May 3, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748904/androgen-receptor-signaling-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-alters-hyperpolarized-pyruvate-to-lactate-conversion-and-lactate-levels-in-vivo
#13
Niki Zacharias, Jaehyuk Lee, Sumankalai Ramachandran, Sriram Shanmugavelandy, James McHenry, Prasanta Dutta, Steven Millward, Seth Gammon, Eleni Efstathiou, Patricia Troncoso, Daniel E Frigo, David Piwnica-Worms, Christopher J Logothetis, Sankar N Maity, Mark A Titus, Pratip Bhattacharya
PURPOSE: Androgen receptor (AR) signaling affects prostate cancer (PCa) growth, metabolism, and progression. Often, PCa progresses from androgen-sensitive to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) following androgen-deprivation therapy. Clinicopathologic and genomic characterizations of CRPC tumors lead to subdividing CRPC into two subtypes: (1) AR-dependent CRPC containing dysregulation of AR signaling alterations in AR such as amplification, point mutations, and/or generation of splice variants in the AR gene; and (2) an aggressive variant PCa (AVPC) subtype that is phenotypically similar to small cell prostate cancer and is defined by chemotherapy sensitivity, gain of neuroendocrine or pro-neural marker expression, loss of AR expression, and combined alterations of PTEN, TP53, and RB1 tumor suppressors...
May 10, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748901/gadolinium-based-contrast-agents-induce-gadolinium-deposits-in-cerebral-vessel-walls-while-the-neuropil-is-not-affected-an-autopsy-study
#14
Stefanie Fingerhut, Michael Sperling, Markus Holling, Thomas Niederstadt, Thomas Allkemper, Alexander Radbruch, Walter Heindel, Werner Paulus, Astrid Jeibmann, Uwe Karst
Recent studies showed gadolinium depositions following serial administrations of gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) for magnetic resonance imaging examinations in various parts of the brain with the dentate nucleus (DN) being most affected. Even though no clinical correlates of the deposits are known yet, an intensive debate developed if this might be harmful. The aim of the current study was to specify the gadolinium distribution in brain tissue of patients who received serial injections of GBCAs in the low-µm range and to explore any potential pathological tissue changes caused by gadolinium deposits...
May 10, 2018: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748547/region-of-interest-analysis-using-mass-spectrometry-imaging-of-mitochondrial-and-sarcomeric-proteins-in-acute-cardiac-infarction-tissue
#15
Yuka Yajima, Takuya Hiratsuka, Yu Kakimoto, Shuichiro Ogawa, Keisuke Shima, Yuzo Yamazaki, Kenichi Yoshikawa, Keiji Tamaki, Tatsuaki Tsuruyama
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization image mass spectrometry (MALDI-IMS) has been developed for the identification of peptides in various tissues. The MALDI-IMS signal distribution patterns and quantification of the signal intensities of the regions of interest (ROI) with healthy regions were compared for identification of the disease specific biomarkers. We performed a new ROI analysis using the conventional t-test and data number independent Cohen's d-value analysis. Using these techniques, we analysed heart tissues after acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745432/improved-spectra-for-maldi-msi-of-peptides-using-ammonium-phosphate-monobasic-in-maldi-matrix
#16
Yasemin Ucal, Aysel Ozpinar
MALDI mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) enables analysis of peptides along with histology. However, there are several critical steps in MALDI MSI of peptides, one of which is spectral quality. Suppression of MALDI matrix clusters by the aid of ammonium salts in MALDI experiments is well-known. It is asserted that addition of ammonium salts dissociates potential matrix adducts and thereafter decreases matrix cluster formation. Consequently, MALDI MS sensitivity and mass accuracy increases. Up to our knowledge, a limited number of MALDI MSI studies used ammonium salts as matrix additives to suppress matrix clusters and enhance peptide signals...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740421/toxicity-of-food-grade-tio-2-to-commensal-intestinal-and-transient-food-borne-bacteria-new-insights-using-nano-sims-and-synchrotron-uv-fluorescence-imaging
#17
Joanna M Radziwill-Bienkowska, Pauline Talbot, Jasper B J Kamphuis, Véronique Robert, Christel Cartier, Isabelle Fourquaux, Esther Lentzen, Jean-Nicolas Audinot, Frédéric Jamme, Matthieu Réfrégiers, Jacek K Bardowski, Philippe Langella, Magdalena Kowalczyk, Eric Houdeau, Muriel Thomas, Muriel Mercier-Bonin
Titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) is commonly used as a food additive (E171 in the EU) for its whitening and opacifying properties. However, a risk of intestinal barrier disruption, including dysbiosis of the gut microbiota, is increasingly suspected because of the presence of a nano-sized fraction in this additive. We hypothesized that food-grade E171 and Aeroxyde P25 (identical to the NM-105 OECD reference nanomaterial in the European Union Joint Research Centre) interact with both commensal intestinal bacteria and transient food-borne bacteria under non-UV-irradiated conditions...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737953/gadolinium-distribution-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-after-administration-of-a-gadolinium-based-mr-contrast-agent-in-humans
#18
Florian Berger, Rahel A Kubik-Huch, Tilo Niemann, Hans Ruedi Schmid, Michael Poetzsch, Johannes M Froehlich, Jürg H Beer, Michael J Thali, Thomas Kraemer
Purpose To evaluate whether gadolinium penetrates human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) after MR imaging (MRI) with a gadolinium-based contrast agent (GBCA). Materials and Methods For this retrospective study, the authors analyzed 60 CSF samples from 57 patients (median age, 50 years; range, 3-92 years) who underwent one contrast material-enhanced MRI examination with gadoterate meglumine within 60 days of CSF extraction between January and December 2016. CSF samples from patients who underwent MRI without contrast material administration (n = 22) or those who underwent contrast-enhanced MRI at least 1 year before extraction (n = 2) were analyzed and used as control samples...
May 8, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737947/accumulation-of-gadolinium-in-human-cerebrospinal-fluid-after-gadobutrol-enhanced-mr-imaging-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#19
Avinash K Nehra, Robert J McDonald, Amy M Bluhm, Tina M Gunderson, David L Murray, Paul J Jannetto, David F Kallmes, Laurence J Eckel, Jennifer S McDonald
Purpose To determine whether gadolinium accumulates within cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in patients recently exposed to the macrocyclic agent gadobutrol and identify factors that may affect this accumulation. Materials and Methods In this prospective observational cohort study, gadolinium was quantified by using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry of CSF samples from patients who underwent gadobutrol-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging followed by lumbar puncture within 30 days (gadobutrol group) or patients who underwent lumbar puncture without history of gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging (control group)...
May 8, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731915/target-specific-delivery-of-oxaliplatin-to-her2-positive-gastric-cancer-cells-in-vivo-using-oxaliplatin-au-fe3o4-herceptin-nanoparticles
#20
Daren Liu, Xiaowen Li, Changlei Chen, Chao Li, Chuanbiao Zhou, Weidong Zhang, Jiangang Zhao, Jie Fan, Kai Cheng, Li Chen
Gastric cancer is the fourth most common malignancy globally. In order to decrease the dosage and side effects of conventional chemotherapy, and achieve improved benefits from molecular targeted therapy, novel drug delivery systems were developed in the present study. Oxaliplatin-Au-Fe3 O4 -Herceptin® acts as a dual-functional nanoparticles (NPs) conjugate and possesses the capability of human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) targeting and oxaliplatin delivery. The 8-20 nm Au-Fe3 O4 were synthesized by decomposing iron pentacarbonyl on the surfaces of Au NPs in the presence of oleic acid and oleylamine...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
keyword
keyword
33714
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"