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Symptom management prostate cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322112/managing-male-mammary-maladies
#1
REVIEW
Ian S Fentiman
This review examines the symptoms, need for referral and management of the benign breast conditions which afflict males, together with the steps that are necessary to exclude or confirm male breast cancer. The most common complaint is gynaecomastia, either true or pseudo, and the majority of these cases need reassurance without over-investigation. Drugs that induce breast enlargement are described in order that, when possible, a medication switch can be made. Men receiving endocrine therapy for prostate cancer may develop painful gynaecomastia and this can be relieved with tamoxifen...
January 2018: European Journal of Breast Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305945/urosymphyseal-fistulas-resulting-from-endoscopic-treatment-of-radiation-induced-posterior-urethral-strictures
#2
Daniel D Shapiro, David C Goodspeed, Wade Bushman
Objective To describe the inciting events leading to urosymphyseal fistulas (UF) and pubic osteomyelitis (PO) in patients who had radiation induced urethral strictures. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent simultaneous pubic debridement, simple cystectomy and urinary diversion for refractory UF and PO from 2014-2016. We investigated inciting events leading to UF as well as patient presenting symptoms, diagnosis, management, and outcomes. Results Five patients were identified over a two-year period...
January 3, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279072/-single-centre-prospective-study-of-systematic-pain-evaluation-in-portuguese-patients-with-metastatic-prostate-cancer
#3
Maria Inês Sequeira, Nuno Sousa, Maria Fragoso, Alexandra Silva, Filipa Pereira, Luís Azevedo
INTRODUCTION: Pain is one of the most common symptoms reported by cancer patients and is associated with decreased quality of life. Assessment of pain with standardized questionnaires reduces variability in its interpretation and may increase effectiveness of medical interventions. Prostate cancer is the most frequent male neoplasm in Portugal. We designed this study to evaluate the impact of a standardized pain questionnaire on pain management in patients with metastatic prostate cancer...
November 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241166/the-clinical-efficacy-of-radium-223-for-bone-metastasis-in-patients-with-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-an-italian-clinical-experience
#4
Rossella De Luca, Renato Patrizio Costa, Vincenzo Tripoli, Alessandra Murabito, Giuseppe Cicero
BACKGROUND/AIM: Prostate cancer frequently causes bone metastases and skeletal events that impair quality of life (QoL) and survival. The alpha emitter radium-223 is a new drug that improves treatment in men with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and bone metastases. Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of radium-223. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study we enrolled 48 subjects. Pain reduction, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), time to first symptomatic skeletal event, and QoL were the variables we evaluated...
December 15, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234538/can-androgen-deprivation-therapy-obviate-the-need-of-channel-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-in-advanced-prostate-cancer-with-urinary-retention-a-prospective-study
#5
Rajeev Sood, Ritesh Kumar Singh, Hemant Goel, T Manasa, Nikhil Khattar, Mahesh C Tripathi
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) in relieving urinary retention in patients with advanced prostate cancer presenting with urinary retention or a high post-void residual urine volume (PVR). Patients and methods: Patients with advanced prostate cancer with an indwelling catheter for acute/chronic urinary retention, or with a high PVR (>200 mL) who had not received any previous treatment were included in the study. Patients with localised prostate cancer eligible for receiving any therapy aimed at cure were excluded...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205161/-low-dose-rate-brachytherapy-in-low-and-middle-risk-prostate-cancer-results-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-with-5-year-follow-up
#6
Felipe Balbontín, Pablo Pizzi, Andrea Canals, Isabel Alliende
Low dose rate brachytherapy (LDR-Br) with radioactive isotopes is a curative treatment and has shown to be comparable for the management of localized prostate cancer (PCa) to more conventional treatments such as radical prostatectomy or external beam radiotherapy, but with fewer side effects. The aim of this study is to show the global, specific and biochemical recurrence-free survival in 193 patients undergoing low dose rate Brachytherapy with permanent implants with iodine 125 and analyze the quality of life impact...
December 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203459/mobile-phone-apps-for-quality-of-life-and-well-being-assessment-in-breast-and-prostate-cancer-patients-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Esther Rincon, Francisco Monteiro-Guerra, Octavio Rivera-Romero, Enrique Dorronzoro-Zubiete, Carlos Luis Sanchez-Bocanegra, Elia Gabarron
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone health apps are increasingly gaining attention in oncological care as potential tools for supporting cancer patients. Although the number of publications and health apps focusing on cancer is increasing, there are still few specifically designed for the most prevalent cancers diagnosed: breast and prostate cancers. There is a need to review the effect of these apps on breast and prostate cancer patients' quality of life (QoL) and well-being. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to review the scientific literature on mobile phone apps targeting breast or prostate cancer patients and involving QoL and well-being (anxiety and depression symptoms) and analyze the clinical and technological characteristics, strengths, and weaknesses of these apps, as well as patients' user experience with them...
December 4, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152231/does-penile-rehabilitation-have-a-role-in-the-treatment-of-erectile-dysfunction-following-radical-prostatectomy
#8
REVIEW
Gideon Blecher, Khaled Almekaty, Odunayo Kalejaiye, Suks Minhas
In men undergoing radical treatment for prostate cancer, erectile function is one of the most important health-related quality-of-life outcomes influencing patient choice in treatment. Penile rehabilitation has emerged as a therapeutic measure to prevent erectile dysfunction and expedite return of erectile function after radical prostatectomy. Penile rehabilitation involves a program designed to increase the likelihood of return to baseline-level erectile function, as opposed to treatment, which implies the therapeutic treatment of symptoms, a key component of post-radical prostatectomy management...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138131/reducing-symptom-distress-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-using-an-e-alert-system-for-caregivers-pooled-analysis-of-two-randomized-clinical-trials
#9
David H Gustafson, Lori L DuBenske, Amy K Atwood, Ming-Yuan Chih, Roberta A Johnson, Fiona McTavish, Andrew Quanbeck, Roger L Brown, James F Cleary, Dhavan Shah
BACKGROUND: Symptom distress in patients toward the end of life can change rapidly. Family caregivers have the potential to help patients manage those symptoms, as well as their own stress, if they are equipped with the proper resources. Electronic health (eHealth) systems may be able to provide those resources. Very sick patients may not be able to use such systems themselves to report their symptoms but family caregivers could. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to assess the effects on cancer patient symptom distress of an eHealth system that alerts clinicians to significant changes in the patient's symptoms, as reported by a family caregiver...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111175/recognizing-symptom-burden-in-advanced-prostate-cancer-a-global-patient-and-caregiver-survey
#10
Lawrence Drudge-Coates, William K Oh, Bertrand Tombal, Anthony Delacruz, Brian Tomlinson, Aimee Vella Ripley, Ken Mastris, Joe M O'Sullivan, Neal D Shore
BACKGROUND: Bone metastases in men with prostate cancer are often initially asymptomatic, resulting in delayed identification, diagnosis, and appropriate treatment. To assess how patients with advanced prostate cancer (aPC) communicate symptoms to health care providers, an international patient survey was conducted. METHODS: An online and phone survey was conducted by Harris Poll in 11 countries (Brazil, France, Germany, Japan, Italy, Netherlands, Singapore, Spain, Taiwan, United Kingdom, United States) from February 12 to October 27, 2015, in men with aPC (ie, those who reported as having PC beyond the prostate [metastatic]) and their caregivers...
October 5, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099380/-consensus-on-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-management-in-spain
#11
Antonio Alcaraz, Luís Martínez-Piñeiro, Alfredo Rodríguez, José Rubio, Ángel Borque, Javier Burgos, Joaquín Carballido, José Manuel Cózar, Itziar Crespo, Salvador Esquena, Francisco Gómez-Veiga, Dionisio López, Bernardino Miñana, Juan Morote, María José Ribal, Eduardo Solsona, José Francisco Suárez, Miguel Unda
OBJECTIVES: To move towards a more standardized approach in clinical practice to manage patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) in Spain. METHODS: A panel of 18 Spanish experts in Urology with expertise managing CRPC followed a modified Delphi process with two rounds and a final face-to-face consensus meeting. The panel considered a total of 106 clinical questions divided into the following 6 sections: definition of CRPC, diagnosis of metastases by imaging techniques, symptoms of CRPC, progression of CRPC, M0 and M1 management and therapeutic sequencing...
November 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089290/adherence-to-report-and-patient-perception-of-an-interactive-app-for-managing-symptoms-during-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer-descriptive-study-of-logged-and-interview-data
#12
Ann Langius-Eklöf, Mats Christiansen, Veronica Lindström, Karin Blomberg, Maria Hälleberg Nyman, Yvonne Wengström, Kay Sundberg
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing radiotherapy for prostate cancer experience symptoms related to both the cancer itself and its treatment, and it is evident that patients with prostate cancer have unmet supportive care needs related to their disease. Over the past decade, there has been an increase in the amount of research within the field of mobile health and the use of apps as tools for managing illness. The main challenge is to develop a mobile technology to its full potential of being interactive in real time...
October 31, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063497/coping-and-adjustment-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#13
REVIEW
Jason S Spendelow, H Eli Joubert, Haymond Lee, Bryony R Fairhurst
PURPOSE: Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common forms of cancer amongst males. Men's coping responses are an important determinant of functioning and adjustment to this disease. Previous qualitative research exists in this area, but the current review sought to systematically review and summarise these studies. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify studies concerned with men's coping strategies in their attempts to live with PCa. A search of relevant electronic databases was conducted to identify studies that met inclusion criteria for this review...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028078/a-natural-pharma-standard-supplement-formulation-to-control-treatment-related-toxicity-and-oxidative-stress-in-genitourinary-cancer-a-preliminary-study
#14
A Ledda, G Belcaro, M Dugall, R Luzzi, M Hosoi, B Feragalli, R Cotellese, V Cosentino, M Cosentino, R Eggenhoffner, M Pellizzato, A Fratter, L Giacomelli
OBJECTIVE: Oncological treatments are associated with toxicities that may decrease compliance to treatment in most genitourinary cancer patients. Supplementation with pharmaceutical-standardized supplement may be a supplementary method to control the side effects after chemo- and radiotherapy and the increased oxidative stress associated to treatments. This registry study evaluated a natural combination of supplements containing curcumin, cordyceps, and astaxanthin (Oncotris™) used as supplementary management in genitourinary cancer patients who had undergone oncological therapy...
September 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027183/actinic-cystitis-causes-treatment-and-experience-of-a-single-centre-in-the-last-five-years
#15
Mario S Mangano, Alberto De Gobbi, Matteo Ciaccia, Claudio Lamon, Francesco Beniamin, Luigino Maccatrozzo
INTRODUCTION: Actinic cystitis (AC) is the manifestation of symptoms and signs following pelvic radiotherapy.Pelvic radiotherapy produces both acute and chronic damage and such damage may have a devastating impact on the quality and on the amount of life of the patient. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the number of radical cystectomies that have become necessary in the last five years in our department for AC after radiation treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 2012 to February 2017, 11 patients underwent "open" cystectomy for AC...
October 11, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017737/laparoscopic-adenomectomy-10-years-of-experience
#16
J Carpio Villanueva, A Rosales Bordes, J Ponce de León Roca, M Montlleó González, J Caparrós Sariol, H Villavicencio Mavrich
INTRODUCTION: Lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to increased prostate volume are associated with ageing and are becoming more prevalent due to increased life expectancy. We present our experience with transperitoneal laparoscopic adenomectomy for the management of bladder outlet obstruction caused by benign prostatic enlargement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent laparoscopic adenomectomy between 2005 and 2015...
October 7, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921733/effects-of-individual-and-partner-factors-on-anxiety-and-depression-in-taiwanese-prostate-cancer-patients-a-longitudinal-study
#17
C H Chien, C K Chuang, K L Liu, C T Wu, S T Pang, P K Tsay, Y H Chang, X Y Huang, H E Liu
Studies exploring the mediating and predictive factors of anxiety and depression for prostate cancer patients in Eastern countries are scant. Guided by the transactional model of stress and coping, this study determined the predictors and mediators of anxiety and depression in prostate cancer patients. The participants comprised 115 prostate cancer patients and 91 partners. The patients and partners completed questionnaires regarding physical symptoms, disease appraisals, coping behaviours, anxiety and depression in the period before confirmation of treatment decisions and 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831710/intervention-for-patient-reported-urinary-symptoms-in-prostate-cancer-survivors-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Kisook Kim, Ji-Su Kim
PURPOSE: Prostate cancer survivors can experience poor quality of life (QoL) due to urinary symptoms. Accordingly, studies on the effects of various symptom management methods for improving subjective urinary symptoms and the QoL of prostate cancer survivors have been actively conducted. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of subjective measurement of symptom management interventions for patients with prostate cancer receiving treatment. METHODS: We used PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycInfo, and Cochrane Library CENTRAL to systematically search for randomized controlled trials published in English, through January 2017...
October 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794598/dramatic-mixed-response-of-lymphangitic-pulmonary-metastases-in-newly-diagnosed-prostate-cancer
#19
Elan Gorshein, Robin Burger, Anna Ferrari, Tina Mayer
Prostate adenocarcinoma, the most common cancer in males in the United States, is often diagnosed in the nonmetastatic setting. The prognosis with metastatic prostate cancer is less favorable, though treatment options are typically effective in controlling the disease for an extended period. Hormonal therapy is the backbone to the management of prostate cancer metastases, decreasing the level of the prostate-specific antigen and reducing the patient's cancer-related symptoms. Pulmonary metastases, a relatively uncommon initial site of disease involvement, are expected to respond in a similar fashion to hormonal therapy as other organ or bone involvement...
July 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747294/patients-perspective-on-participation-in-care-with-or-without-the-support-of-a-smartphone-app-during-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer-qualitative-study
#20
Maria Hälleberg Nyman, Catharina Frank, Ann Langius-Eklöf, Karin Blomberg, Kay Sundberg, Yvonne Wengström
BACKGROUND: Patients with prostate cancer are often cared for as outpatients during radiotherapy, which can be an aggravating circumstance for patient participation. There is a need to evaluate whether an interactive smartphone app could enable participation in care, specifically during treatment for prostate cancer. The interactive app (Interaktor) used in this study is developed in codesign with patients and health care professionals; it includes daily reports of symptoms, a risk assessment model, evidence-based self-care advice, along with the provision of immediate access to clinicians...
July 26, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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