keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

well-being

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749596/climate-change-climate-justice-and-environmental-health-implications-for-the-nursing-profession
#1
Patrice K Nicholas, Suellen Breakey
PURPOSE: Climate change is an emerging challenge linked to negative outcomes for the environment and human health. Since the 1960s, there has been a growing recognition of the need to address climate change and the impact of greenhouse gas emissions implicated in the warming of our planet. There are also deleterious health outcomes linked to complex climate changes that are emerging in the 21st century. This article addresses the social justice issues associated with climate change and human health and discussion of climate justice...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749161/self-employment-personal-values-and-varieties-of-happiness-unhappiness
#2
Peter Warr
This study compares personal values and forms of happiness between self-employed workers and those employed in an organization. Values are examined through Schwartz's (1999) established model, and happiness is measured in terms of personal flourishing and both job-specific and general hedonic well-being. In two nationally representative samples, self-employed workers are found to value self-direction and stimulation in their lives to a significantly greater degree than do organizational employees, but not to differ in other types of value...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749160/the-unfolding-impact-of-leader-identity-entrepreneurship-on-burnout-work-engagement-and-turnover-intentions
#3
Niklas K Steffens, Jie Yang, Jolanda Jetten, S Alexander Haslam, Jukka Lipponen
The present research expands upon previous theory and empirical work concerning the leadership-health link by examining the lagged effects of leader identity entrepreneurship (i.e., leaders' creation of a sense of "we" and "us" among team members) on team members' burnout, work engagementi and turnover intentions. We report results from a 2-wave field study with employees from a large solar panel producing organization in China conducted over a 10-month period. Findings indicate that perceived leader identity entrepreneurship predicted greater subsequent work engagement among team members, as well as lower subsequent burnout and turnover intentions...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748733/sensory-symptoms-in-low-back-pain-how-do-they-matter
#4
Janne Gierthmühlen, Jessica Greinacher, Johanna Höper, Violetta Oberlojer, Michael Lankes, Frieder Traulsen, Philipp Hüllemann, Christoph Borzikowsky, Maren Reimer, Ralf Baron
OBJECTIVE: Successful treatment of chronic low back pain (LBP) is difficult in clinical practice and hard to measure in trials. One reason might be the use of insufficient outcome parameters. The aim was to investigate the importance of typical clinical characteristics of chronic LBP on QoL and functionality. METHODS: A total of 51 patients with chronic LBP (19 with, 32 without radiculopathy) were investigated with different questionnaires. RESULTS: Burdening symptoms differed in frequency, intensity and impairment of QoL and functionality between patients with and without radiculopathy and between the area of pain within the same patient, i...
July 27, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748326/the-factor-structure-of-the-spiritual-well-being-scale-in-veterans-experienced-chemical-weapon-exposure
#5
Hamid Sharif Nia, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Christopher Boyle, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Bahram Tahmasbi, G Hussein Rassool, Mozhgan Taebei, Mohammad Ali Soleimani
This study aimed to determine the factor structure of the spiritual well-being among a sample of the Iranian veterans. In this methodological research, 211 male veterans of Iran-Iraq warfare completed the Paloutzian and Ellison spiritual well-being scale. Maximum likelihood (ML) with oblique rotation was used to assess domain structure of the spiritual well-being. The construct validity of the scale was assessed using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), convergent validity, and discriminant validity. Reliability was evaluated with Cronbach's alpha, Theta (θ), and McDonald Omega (Ω) coefficients, intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC), and construct reliability (CR)...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748108/readyspeech-for-people-with-dysarthria-after-stroke-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Claire Mitchell, Audrey Bowen, Sarah Tyson, Paul Conroy
BACKGROUND: Dysarthria, a disordered speech production resulting from neuro-muscular impairment, is a common symptom after stroke. It causes significant problems for patients' speech intelligibility, communication, psychological well-being, social engagement and stroke recovery. Rehabilitation for dysarthria is variable in quality, intensity and duration, which may be, in part, due to the lack of good quality evidence. An online therapy programme, ReaDySpeech, has the potential to improve quality, intensity and duration of speech rehabilitation and was considered in a proof-of-concept study to be acceptable to speech and language therapists and patients which warranted further evaluation...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747293/improving-employee-well-being-and-effectiveness-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-web-based-psychological-interventions-delivered-in-the-workplace
#7
Stephany Carolan, Peter R Harris, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: Stress, depression, and anxiety among working populations can result in reduced work performance and increased absenteeism. Although there is evidence that these common mental health problems are preventable and treatable in the workplace, uptake of psychological treatments among the working population is low. One way to address this may be the delivery of occupational digital mental health interventions. While there is convincing evidence for delivering digital psychological interventions within a health and community context, there is no systematic review or meta-analysis of these interventions in an occupational setting...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747235/journalists-occupational-stress-a-comparative-study-between-reporting-critical-events-and-domestic-news
#8
Susana Monteiro, Alexandra Marques-Pinto
Nowadays, journalism is considered a stressful occupation, not only due to the stress perceived in journalists' daily work but also due to the critical, potentially traumatic events they report. However, research on journalists' occupational stress in both these professional settings is still scarce. This study aims to characterize and compare occupational stress variables perceived by journalists in their daily work and in critical scenarios. Taking the Holistic Model of Occupational Stress by Nelson and Simmons (2003) as a framework, 25 Portuguese journalists, all with experience in reporting critical events, were interviewed on their perceptions of some core variables of the model: occupational stressors, distress and eustress emotional reactions, and the consequences of these experiences on their well-being...
July 27, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747121/assessment-of-yoga-as-an-adjuvant-treatment-for-combat-related-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Linda McCarthy, Judith Fuller, Georgina Davidson, Alicia Crump, Sandro Positano, Chris Alderman
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed yoga as an adjuvant strategy for symptoms of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Subjects had significant, combat-related PTSD. Control data were collected during an eight-week waiting period. Trauma-sensitive yoga sessions of 90 minutes duration were provided every seven days for eight weeks. Assessments included the PTSD checklist (PCL); the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS); the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); the Adult/Adolescent Sensory Profile (AASP); the SF36 Quality of Life instrument; and a brief, structured pre-enrolment assessment of attitudes towards yoga...
August 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747066/mental-wellbeing-in-people-with-dementia-following-cognitive-stimulation-therapy-innovative-practice
#10
Catherine Allward, Rosie Dunn, Gemma Forshaw, Chris Rewston, Nicola Wass
The benefits of Cognitive Stimulation Therapy in supporting cognitive functioning for people with dementia are well recognised. It has been proposed that Cognitive Stimulation Therapy may offer additional benefits in terms of a person's sense of general wellbeing. A service evaluation of 60 participants attending Cognitive Stimulation Therapy groups was conducted using the Short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale. Although this evaluation did not demonstrate a significant difference between pre- and post-treatment scores (t = -1...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746266/quality-of-life-outcomes-improve-with-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-and-breast-reconstruction
#11
Christopher R Bailey, Onyebuchi Ogbuagu, Pablo A Baltodano, Usamah F Simjee, Michele A Manahan, Damon S Cooney, Lisa K Jacobs, Theodore N Tsangaris, Carisa M Cooney, Gedge D Rosson
BACKGROUND: Loss of the nipple-areola complex can be psychologically and sexually devastating. Nipple-sparing mastectomy provides robust cosmetic results, but few studies have investigated the quality-of-life outcomes associated with it. METHODS: The authors performed an institutional review board-approved retrospective study of 32 patients who underwent nipple-sparing mastectomy with implant-based or autologous reconstruction and 32 control patients who underwent non-nipple-sparing mastectomy with reconstruction matched by reconstruction type and operative period...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746075/fatigue-in-residency-education-understanding-the-influence-of-work-hours-regulations-in-europe
#12
Taryn S Taylor, Pim W Teunissen, Tim Dornan, Lorelei Lingard
PURPOSE: Although one proposed solution to the problem of fatigued medical trainees is the implementation of work hours regulations, concerns about the effectiveness of these regulations are growing. Canada remains one of the few Western jurisdictions without legislated regulation. Recent research suggests that fatigue is a complex social construct, rather than simply a lack of sleep; thus, the authors explored how regulations and fatigue are understood in countries with established work hours frameworks to better inform other jurisdictions looking to address trainee fatigue...
July 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745930/what-does-the-eggshell-cuticle-do-a-functional-comparison-of-avian-eggshell-cuticles
#13
Liliana D'Alba, Roxana Torres, Geoffrey I N Waterhouse, Chad Eliason, Mark E Hauber, Matthew D Shawkey
The avian eggshell is a highly ordered structure with several layers (mammillae, palisades, and vertical crystal layer) composed of calcium carbonate (∼96%) and minerals within an organic matrix. The cuticle is a noncalcified layer that covers the eggshells of most bird species. Eggshells are multifunctional structures that have evolved in response to diverse embryonic requirements and challenges, including protection from microbial infection, nest flooding, and exposure to solar radiation. However, experimental evidence for these functions across diverse taxa is currently limited...
September 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745395/the-foreseeable-harms-of-trump-s-global-gag-rule
#14
Jeffrey B Bingenheimer, Patty Skuster
As one of his first acts as President of the United States, Donald Trump signed an executive order reinstating a version of the global gag rule. Under this rule, US grantees are barred from receiving global health funding if they engage in abortion-related work: not only abortion services, but also abortion referrals and counseling or advocacy for the liberalization of abortion laws. Critics of the Trump global gag rule generally raise three classes of objections: (1) that the rule fails to accomplish its presumed objective of reducing the number of abortions; (2) that it negatively affects the health and well-being of individuals and populations in affected countries; and (3) that it interferes with governments' ability to meet their international obligations...
July 26, 2017: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744881/new-common-program-requirements-for-the-resident-physician-workforce-and-the-omission-of-strategic-napping-a-missed-opportunity
#15
Michelle M Shnayder, Joan E St Onge, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
OBJECTIVES: Napping has known benefits for fatigue mitigation and improved alertness. However the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) New Common Program Requirements recently removed the 16 h work limit for PGY1 residents and removed any suggestions of napping. METHODS: We utilized a cross-sectional study design to administer a 44-item questionnaire in June 2016 to 858 residents and fellows at one large urban academic medical center. We assessed: 1) resident physician sentiment of work environment supportiveness for napping at work; and 2) agreement with 2011 ACGME guidelines on workweek hour limitations and strategic napping recommendations...
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744655/whose-turn-chromosome-research-and-the-study-of-the-human-genome
#16
Soraya de Chadarevian
A common account sees the human genome sequencing project of the 1990s as a "natural outgrowth" of the deciphering of the double helical structure of DNA in the 1950s. The essay aims to complicate this neat narrative by putting the spotlight on the field of human chromosome research that flourished at the same time as molecular biology. It suggests that we need to consider both endeavors - the human cytogeneticists who collected samples and looked down the microscope and the molecular biologists who probed the molecular mechanisms of gene function - to understand the rise of the human genome sequencing project and the current genomic practices...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743304/running-on-a-high-parkrun-and-personal-well-being
#17
Anne Grunseit, Justin Richards, Dafna Merom
BACKGROUND: Sporting or physical recreation event participation can affect different domains of mental and social well-being if sufficiently frequent, yet previous research has focused mainly on the physical health benefits of single-location or infrequent mass-participation events. We examined overall and domain specific subjective well-being of adult participants of "parkrun", a weekly, community-based, highly accessible and widespread running event. METHODS: Data were from a national online survey of 865 adult Australian parkrunners...
July 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743212/caregiver-burden-in-parkinson-disease-a-critical-review-of-recent-literature
#18
Philip E Mosley, Rebecca Moodie, Nadeeka Dissanayaka
Burden is a negative psychological state induced in caregivers by the demands of providing care to a person with an illness or a disability. Managing caregiver burden in Parkinson disease (PD) is significant because informal caregivers make a substantial contribution to the well-being of persons with PD, incurring financial, social, and personal losses. Failure to recognize and manage caregiver burden may lead to burnout and premature institutionalization of the person with PD. We conducted a comprehensive literature review to identify and summarize factors that may amplify burden, including motor and nonmotor symptoms of PD, caregiver psychiatric symptoms, and caregiver coping style...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742925/a-capabilities-approach-to-environmental-impact-on-nursing-home-resident-quality-of-life
#19
Whitney Thurman, Tracie C Harrison, Shelley A Blozis, Michelle Dionne-Vahalik, Sharilyn Mead
Nursing homes are the major provider of intermediate and long-term care outside of the hospital setting to individuals whose capacity for self-care is limited due to physical or cognitive impairments. Yet, despite their need for assistance, residents of nursing homes want to control their lives, set their routines, and do enjoyable things. The extent to which residents can maintain autonomy and dignity is important. The current study suggests an environmental gerontological framework, rooted in a capabilities approach, that can be used to consider environmental impact on quality of life in nursing homes...
July 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742763/implementation-of-a-national-workplace-wellness-program-for-health-workers-in-botswana
#20
Jenny H Ledikwe, Bazghina-Werq Semo, Miram Sebego, Maureen Mpho, Heather Mothibedi, Shreshth Mawandia, Gabrielle O'Malley
: The Botswana workplace wellness program (WWP) for health care workers (HCWs) was initiated in 2007. WWP implementation was assessed using a sequential, explanatory, mixed methods design including a national implementation assessment (27 health districts) and in-depth interviews (n = 38). Level of implementation varied across districts with health screening, therapeutic recreation, and health promotion implemented more frequently than occupational health activities and psychosocial services. Facilitators to WWP implementation included establishment of a dedicated, diverse WWP committee; provision of administrative support, and integration of activities into organizational culture...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
keyword
keyword
33707
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"