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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783246/-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0%C2%BA-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0
#1
Nataliia O Rynhach, Vasyl M Mykhalchuk, Anatolii H Krut
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: This publication focuses on role of physical activity in promoting and protecting health and well-being. Physical activity is a significant risk factor for noncommunicable diseases. The public's awareness of the risk factors of non-communicable diseases is an important component of their control. The aim: To estimate the level of knowledge of the working age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors for non-communicable diseases (with an emphasis on lack of physical activity and its consequences) according to qualitative and quantitative sociological research...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782202/extraversion-and-openness-to-experience-moderate-the-relationship-between-orthodontic-treatment-need-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Cihan Aydoğan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of personality traits to moderate the relationships between orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed that included 230 subjects (125 girls and 105 boys) aged 11-14 years. Orthodontic treatment need was measured using the Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need (ICON). The Child Perceptions Questionnaire, the Basic Personality Traits Inventory (BPTI), and the Revised Life Orientation Test were used to assess the OHRQoL, basic personality dimensions, and dispositional optimism respectively...
May 22, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781969/an-ecological-approach-toward-prevention-and-care-of-victims-of-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking
#3
Rosario V Sanchez, Dula F Pacquiao
Sex trafficking is a widespread form of human trafficking that exists globally. The forced sexual exploitation of young women for profit at the hands of traffickers is a human rights violation. Sex trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery where youths are sold as a commodity. It is difficult to determine the wide range of negative health outcomes associated with domestic minor sex trafficking due to the hidden nature of the crime and its lack of statistical data to determine prevalence. Viewing domestic minor sex trafficking through an ecological lens assists in the understanding of the multiple complex interactions between victims, their relationships, and environments that influence their health...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781898/differential-association-of-stigma-with-perceived-need-and-mental-health-service-use
#4
Eunice C Wong, Rebecca L Collins, Joshua Breslau, M Audrey Burnam, Matthew Cefalu, Elizabeth A Roth
This study examined the role of stigma at two stages of the treatment-seeking process by assessing associations between various types of stigma and perceived need for mental health treatment as well as actual treatment use. We analyzed cross-sectional data from the 2014 and 2016 California Well-Being Survey, a telephone survey with a representative sample of 1954 California residents with probable mental illness. Multivariable logistic regression indicated that perceived need was associated with less negative beliefs about mental illness (odds ratio [OR] = 0...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781830/early-self-regulation-early-self-regulatory-change-and-their-longitudinal-relations-to-adolescents-academic-health-and-mental-well-being-outcomes
#5
Steven J Howard, Kate E Williams
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent to which early self-regulation and early changes in self-regulation are associated with adolescents' academic, health, and mental well-being outcomes. METHODS: Data were collected from 1 of the cohorts in a large dual-cohort cross-sequential study of Australian children. This cohort consisted of a nationally representative data set of 4983 Australian children assessed at 4 to 5 years of age, who were followed longitudinally to 14 to 15 years of age...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781732/role-of-positive-lifestyle-activities-on-mood-cognition-well-being-and-disease-characteristics-in-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Lauren B Strober, Alexandra Becker, John J Randolph
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological condition associated with a wide variety of physical, cognitive, and mood-related symptoms. While disease-modifying treatment has been shown to reduce the severity and frequency of MS symptom relapses, engagement in certain daily activities holds promise as an adjunctive treatment to better manage disease sequelae. The present study sought to determine whether healthy nutritional choices, exercise, and social/intellectual engagement impacts functioning in individuals with MS...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781723/strengths-in-older-adults-differential-effect-of-savoring-gratitude-and-optimism-on-well-being
#7
Isabel María Salces-Cubero, Encarnación Ramírez-Fernández, Ana Raquel Ortega-Martínez
Objetive: The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of three separate strengths training-based interventions - Gratitude, Savoring, and Optimism - in older adults. METHOD: The sample comprised 124 older adults, namely, 74 women and 50 men, non-institutionalized individuals who regularly attend day centers in the provinces of Jaén and Córdoba, southern Spain. Their ages ranged between 60 and 89 years. The measures used were Anxiety, Depression, Life Satisfaction, Positive and Negative Affect, Subjective Happiness, and Resilience...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781646/emotional-clarity-development-and-psychosocial-outcomes-during-adolescence
#8
Liza M Haas, Brae Anne McArthur, Taylor A Burke, Thomas M Olino, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Past research on emotional clarity (EC), the ability to identify and label one's own emotions, has illustrated an association between EC deficits and poor psychosocial outcomes during the adolescent years. Although past research has connected EC to psychosocial outcomes during adolescence in cross-sectional and longitudinal designs, no studies have traced the trajectory of EC over time to determine the developmental course of the construct during adolescence. Thus, this study investigated how EC developed over five years during adolescence and what factors were associated with the developmental trajectory of emotional clarity...
May 21, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781643/microstructural-integrity-of-a-pathway-connecting-the-prefrontal-cortex-and-amygdala-moderates-the-association-between-cognitive-reappraisal-and-negative-emotions
#9
Tracy C d'Arbeloff, M Justin Kim, Annchen R Knodt, Spenser R Radtke, Bartholomew D Brigidi, Ahmad R Hariri
Cognitive reappraisal is a commonly used form of emotion regulation that utilizes frontal-executive control to reframe an approaching emotional event to moderate its potential psychological impact. Use of cognitive reappraisal has been associated with diminished experience of anxiety and depressive symptoms, as well as greater overall well-being. Using data from a study of 647 healthy young adults, we provide initial evidence that an association between typical use of cognitive reappraisal in daily life and the experience of anxiety and depressive symptoms is moderated by the microstructural integrity of the uncinate fasciculus, which provides a major anatomical link between the amygdala and prefrontal cortex...
May 21, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781635/racial-discrimination-and-relationship-functioning-among-african-american-couples
#10
Justin A Lavner, Allen W Barton, Chalandra M Bryant, Steven R H Beach
Racial discrimination is a common stressor for African Americans, with negative consequences for mental and physical well-being. It is likely that these effects extend into the family, but little research has examined the association between racial discrimination and couple functioning. This study used dyadic data from 344 rural, predominantly low-income heterosexual African American couples with an early adolescent child to examine associations between self-reported racial discrimination, psychological and physical aggression, and relationship satisfaction and instability...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781632/ethnicity-moderates-the-benefits-of-perceived-support-and-emotional-expressivity-on-stress-reactivity-for-asian-americans-and-euro-americans
#11
Shu-Wen Wang, Anna S Lau
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether ethnicity moderated the benefits of perceived support and emotion expressivity on stress responses (cortisol, negative mood, task performance) during a lab stress task for Asian Americans and Euro Americans. We hypothesized that perceived support and emotion expressivity would be less beneficial for Asian Americans (relative to Euro Americans), for whom support seeking and emotional expressivity are less aligned with cultural values. METHOD: A majority female sample (72%) of 83 Asian American (first generation, n = 30; second generation, n = 53) and 50 Euro American college students completed the Trier Social Stress Test...
May 21, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781619/optically-detected-magnetic-resonance-of-the-chlorophyll-triplet-state-in-the-water-soluble-chlorophyll-protein-from-lepidium-virginicum-evidence-for-excitonic-interaction-among-the-four-pigments
#12
Alessandro Agostini, Daniel M Palm, Harald Paulsen, Donatella Carbonera
Optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) of triplet states populated by photoexcitation in the Water-Soluble Chlorophyll Protein (WSCP) from Lepidium virginicum has been performed, using both absorption and fluorescence detection. Well resolved Triplet minus Singlet (T-S) spectra have been obtained, which have been interpreted in terms of electronic interactions among the four chlorophylls (Chls) forming two dimers in WSCP tetramer. Localization of the triplet state on a single Chl leads to a redistribution of the oscillator strenght in the remaining three Chls of the complex...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781529/attachment-based-interventions-for-families-with-young-children
#13
REVIEW
Susan S Woodhouse
Given a large body of research indicating links between child attachment and later mental health outcomes, interventions that promote children's secure attachment to their caregivers have the potential to contribute to prevention of psychopathology and promotion of well-being. A number of attachment-based interventions have been developed to support parents, enhance caregiving quality, and promote children's attachment security with the aim of improving children's mental health. There is now a growing evidence base to support the efficacy of a number of these interventions...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781459/family-caregivers-a-qualitative-study-to-better-understand-the-quality-of-life-concerns-and-needs-of-this-population
#14
Betty R Ferrell, Kate Kravitz, Tami Borneman, Ellen Taratoot Friedmann
BACKGROUND: While providing physical, psychological, and spiritual care to their loved ones with cancer, family caregivers (FCGs) are physically and emotionally vulnerable to the tolls of caregiving. Patients and FCGs experience the uncertainty that comes with illness and treatment, its side effects, the lack of control, the emotional upheaval, the spiritual doubt, and the helplessness of advancing disease. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to better understand the quality-of-life needs of the FCG population, particularly those who encounter financial strain related to patients' cancer and treatment...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781381/associations-between-daytime-sleepiness-psychological-symptoms-headache-and-abdominal-pain-in-schoolchildren
#15
Marja-Liisa Gustafsson, Camilla Laaksonen, Sanna Salanterä, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Minna Aromaa
Daytime sleepiness and different symptoms are common problems affecting health and well-being of schoolchildren. This population-based cohort study included 568 children who were followed from ages 10 to 15 years. Daytime sleepiness, headache, abdominal pain, and psychological symptoms (depression, irritability or bad temper, nervousness, anxiety, and dejection) were assessed by self-administered questionnaires. The prevalence of frequent daytime sleepiness was 13% at the ages of 10 and 12 years and increased significantly up to 24% at the age of 15 ( p < ...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781306/assessment-of-cognitively-stimulating-activity-in-a-spanish-population
#16
Manuel Morales Ortiz, Aaron Fernández
Theoretical models of active ageing and cognitive reserve emphasize the importance of leading an active life to delay age-related cognitive deterioration and maintain good levels of well-being and personal satisfaction in the elderly. The objective of this research was to construct a scale to measure cognitively stimulating activities (CSA) in the Spanish language. The sample consisted of a total of 453 older persons. The scale was constructed from a list of 28 items and validated using structural equation models...
May 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780605/an-evaluation-of-osteopathic-treatment-on-psychological-outcomes-with-patients-suffering-from-chronic-pain-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-collected-through-a-health-and-well-being-academy
#17
Darren J Edwards, Craig Toutt
Co-morbid mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression and fear avoidance are often associated with chronic pain. This novel study aimed to explore the impact of osteopathic treatment on several psychological outcome measures relating to anxiety, depression, mental health and fear avoidance for a chronic pain population receiving osteopathic treatment over a 2-week period. The findings show that there were significant reductions in anxiety, pain, mental health dysfunction and improvements in self-care...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779906/the-relationship-between-life-satisfaction-and-healthcare-utilization-a-longitudinal-study
#18
Vivek Goel, Laura C Rosella, Longdi Fu, Amanda Alberga
INTRODUCTION: Studies have highlighted the importance of life satisfaction or, more generally, happiness, on health. However, there are few studies that have prospectively assessed the relationship between life satisfaction and healthcare utilization and costs. METHODS: Participants were from three national survey cycles conducted between 2005 and 2010 to future healthcare utilization up to 2015. Analysis was conducted in 2016-2017. Annual per person costs were calculated and individuals ranked...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779754/introduction-art-and-the-brain-from-pleasure-to-well-being
#19
EDITORIAL
Julia F Christensen, Antoni Gomila
Empirical aesthetics in general, and neuroaesthetics in particular, have been very much influenced by Berlyne's psychobiological program. For him, aesthetic appreciation involved the brain's reward and aversion systems. From this point of view, art constitutes a set of potentially rewarding stimuli. Research has certainly made great advances in understanding how the process of artistic valuation takes places, and which brain circuits are involved in generating the pleasure we obtain from artistic practices, performances, and works...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779736/precursors-to-the-performing-arts-in-infancy-and-early-childhood
#20
Sandra E Trehub, Laura K Cirelli
Across cultures, aspects of music and dance contribute to everyday life in a variety of ways that do not depend on artistry, aesthetics, or expertise. In this chapter, we focus on precursors to music and dance that are evident in infancy: the underlying perceptual abilities, parent-infant musical interactions that are motivated by nonmusical goals, the consequences of such interactions for mood regulation and social regulation, and the emergence of rudimentary singing and rhythmic movement to music. These precursors to music and dance lay the groundwork for our informal engagement with music throughout life and its continuing effects on mood regulation, affiliation, and well-being...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
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