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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346557/peer-supporters-experiences-on-an-australian-perinatal-mental-health-helpline
#1
Laura J Biggs, Helen L McLachlan, Touran Shafiei, Rhonda Small, Della A Forster
Perinatal mental health is an important public health issue, and peer support is a potentially important strategy for emotional well-being in the perinatal period. PANDA Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Australia provides support to individuals impacted by perinatal mental health issues via the National Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Helpline. Callers receive peer support from volunteers and counselling from paid professional staff. The views and experiences of PANDA peer support volunteers have not previously been studied...
January 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346526/what-is-the-impact-of-physical-activity-and-physical-function-on-the-development-of-multimorbidity-in-older-adults-over-time-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Aine Ryan, Catriona Murphy, Fiona Boland, Rose Galvin, Susan M Smith
Background: Multimorbidity is recognised internationally as having a serious impact on health outcomes. It is associated with reduced quality of life, increased healthcare utilisation and future functional decline. Physical activity is associated with good health and psychological well-being. The aim of this study was to identify the impact of physical activity and physical function on the development and worsening of multimorbidity over time. Methods: Using The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), we analysed 4,823 participants >50 years with and without multimorbidity...
January 13, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346375/how-do-we-reach-the-girls-and-women-who-are-the-hardest-to-reach-inequitable-opportunities-in-reproductive-and-maternal-health-care-services-in-armed-conflict-and-forced-displacement-settings-in-colombia
#3
Juan Carlos Rivillas, Raul Devia Rodriguez, Gloria Song, Andréanne Martel
OBJECTIVES: This paper assesses inequalities in access to reproductive and maternal health services among females affected by forced displacement and sexual and gender-based violence in conflict settings in Colombia. This was accomplished through the following approaches: first, we assessed the gaps and gradients in three selected reproductive and maternal health care services. Second, we analyzed the patterns of inequalities in reproductive and maternal health care services and changes over time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345542/effects-of-late-night-training-on-slow-wave-sleep-episode-and-hour-by-hour-derived-nocturnal-cardiac-autonomic-activity-in-female-soccer-players
#4
Júlio A Costa, João Brito, Fábio Y Nakamura, Eduardo M Oliveira, António N Rebelo
PURPOSE: To assess the sensitivity of nocturnal heart rate variability (HRV) monitoring methods to the effects of late-night soccer training sessions in female athletes. METHODS: Eleven female soccer players competing in the 1st division of the Portuguese soccer league wore HR monitors during night-sleep throughout a one-week competitive in-season microcycle, after late-night training sessions (n = 3) and rest days (n = 3). HRV was analyzed through "slow-wave sleep episode" (SWSE; 10 min duration) and "hour-by-hour" (all the RR intervals recorded throughout the hours of sleep)...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345491/paul-b-pedersen-1936-2017
#5
Walter J Lonner, Juris G Draguns
Presents an obituary for Paul B. Pedersen, who passed away on January 11, 2017, in a Minnetonka, Minnesota hospital. In 1973 Pedersen convened a pathfinding APA (Division 9) symposium in Montreal that resulted in the publication in 1976 of Counseling Across Cultures (Pedersen, Lonner, and Draguns, Eds.). The first book of its kind, it became the "Granddaddy" of all subsequent books in that area. The seventh edition, published in 2016 (with Trimble and Scharron-del Rio, co-eds), benefitted from his steadfast encouragement, but his deteriorating health prevented a more active role...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345476/adapting-a-parenting-intervention-for-parents-aging-out-of-the-child-welfare-system-a-systematic-approach-to-expand-the-reach-of-an-evidence-based-intervention
#6
Kendal Holtrop, Angela I Canto, Lisa Schelbe, Lenore M McWey, Melissa Radey, Jordan E Montgomery
Parents aging out of the child welfare system face a constellation of unique risk factors that threaten the well-being of themselves and their children. Although parenting interventions are an important resource for providing much-needed services to parents aging out, there is currently a lack of evidence-based parenting interventions that address the unique needs of this population. The purpose of this project was to systematically adapt an evidence-based parenting intervention for parents aging out. An established adaptation framework was used to guide this process, and acceptability and feasibility outcomes were evaluated as part of a pilot study of the adapted intervention...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345251/cancer-associated-cachexia
#7
REVIEW
Vickie E Baracos, Lisa Martin, Murray Korc, Denis C Guttridge, Kenneth C H Fearon
Cancer-associated cachexia is a disorder characterized by loss of body weight with specific losses of skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. Cachexia is driven by a variable combination of reduced food intake and metabolic changes, including elevated energy expenditure, excess catabolism and inflammation. Cachexia is highly associated with cancers of the pancreas, oesophagus, stomach, lung, liver and bowel; this group of malignancies is responsible for half of all cancer deaths worldwide. Cachexia involves diverse mediators derived from the cancer cells and cells within the tumour microenvironment, including inflammatory and immune cells...
January 18, 2018: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345147/the-complexities-of-family-caregiving-at-work-a-mixed-methods-study
#8
Joseph E Gaugler, Deborah L Pestka, Heather Davila, Rebecca Sales, Greg Owen, Sarah A Baumgartner, Rocky Shook, Jane Cunningham, Maureen Kenney
The current project examined the impact of caregiving and caregiving-work conflict on employees' well-being. A sequential explanatory mixed-methods design (QUAN→qual) was utilized, and a total of 880 employees from a large health-care plan employer completed an online survey. Forty-five caregivers who completed the survey also participated in one of the five focus groups held 1 to 2 months later. Employed caregivers were significantly ( p < .05) more likely to indicate poorer physical and mental health than noncaregivers; among caregivers ( n = 370), caregiving-work conflict emerged as the most significant predictor of well-being and fully mediated the empirical relationship between burden and well-being...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344047/a-comparative-study-of-shift-work-effects-and-injuries-among-nurses-working-in-rotating-night-and-day-shifts-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-north-india
#9
Anjana Verma, Jugal Kishore, Shobha Gusain
Background: Shift work can have an impact on the physical and psychological well-being of the healthcare worker, affecting patients as well as their own safety at the workplace. This study was conducted to compare the health outcomes and injuries, along with associated risk factors between the nurses working in rotating night shift (RNS) as compared to day shift (DS) only. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted from June to November 2016 in a tertiary care hospital of Delhi...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343837/neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-recipients-expert-review-from-the-late-effects-and-quality-of-life-working-committee-of-the-cibmtr-and-complications-and-quality-of-life-working-party-of-the-ebmt
#10
REVIEW
David Buchbinder, Debra Lynch Kelly, Rafael F Duarte, Jeffery J Auletta, Neel Bhatt, Michael Byrne, Zachariah DeFilipp, Melissa Gabriel, Anuj Mahindra, Maxim Norkin, Helene Schoemans, Ami J Shah, Ibrahim Ahmed, Yoshiko Atsuta, Grzegorz W Basak, Sara Beattie, Sita Bhella, Christopher Bredeson, Nancy Bunin, Jignesh Dalal, Andrew Daly, James Gajewski, Robert Peter Gale, John Galvin, Mehdi Hamadani, Robert J Hayashi, Kehinde Adekola, Jason Law, Catherine J Lee, Jane Liesveld, Adriana K Malone, Arnon Nagler, Seema Naik, Taiga Nishihori, Susan K Parsons, Angela Scherwath, Hannah-Lise Schofield, Robert Soiffer, Jeff Szer, Ida Twist, Anne B Warwick, Baldeep M Wirk, Jean Yi, Minoo Battiwalla, Mary D E Flowers, Bipin Savani, Bronwen E Shaw
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is a potentially curative treatment for children and adults with malignant and non-malignant diseases. Despite increasing survival rates, long-term morbidity following HCT is substantial. Neurocognitive dysfunction is a serious cause of morbidity, yet little is known about neurocognitive dysfunction following HCT. To address this gap, collaborative efforts of the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research and the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation undertook an expert review of neurocognitive dysfunction following HCT...
January 17, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343412/implementing-genome-driven-personalized-cardiology-in-clinical-practice
#11
REVIEW
Ares Pasipoularides
Genomics designates the coordinated investigation of a large number of genes in the context of a biological process or disease. It may be long before we attain comprehensive understanding of the genomics of common complex cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) such as inherited cardiomyopathies, valvular diseases, primary arrhythmogenic conditions, congenital heart syndromes, hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerotic heart disease, hypertensive syndromes, and heart failure with preserved/reduced ejection fraction. Nonetheless, as genomics is evolving rapidly, it is constructive to survey now pertinent concepts and breakthroughs...
January 14, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343246/influence-of-preoperative-life-satisfaction-on-recovery-and-outcomes-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery-a-prospective-pilot-study
#12
B Romain, O Rohmer, S Schimchowitsch, M Hübner, J B Delhorme, C Brigand, S Rohr, D Guenot
BACKGROUND: Colorectal surgery has an important impact on a patient's quality of life, and postoperative rehabilitation shows large variations. To enhance the understanding of recovery after colorectal cancer, health-related quality of life has become a standard outcome measurement for clinical care and research. Therefore, we aimed to correlate the influence of preoperative global life satisfaction on subjective feelings of well-being with clinical outcomes after colorectal surgery. METHODS: In this pilot study of consecutive colorectal surgery patients, various dimensions of feelings of preoperative life satisfaction were assessed using a self-rated scale, which was validated in French...
January 17, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343240/attempted-suicide-of-ethnic-minority-girls-with-a-caribbean-and-cape-verdean-background-rates-and-risk-factors
#13
Diana D van Bergen, Merijn Eikelenboom, Petra P van de Looij-Jansen
BACKGROUND: WHO data shows that female immigrants in Europe attempt suicide at higher rates than 'native' women and 'native' and immigrant men. Empirical studies addressing attempted suicide of female immigrants of Caribbean (Antillean-Dutch and Creole-Surinamese-Dutch) as well as Cape Verdean descent in Europe are however scarce. We aim to increase knowledge about rates and risk factors of girls of Caribbean and Cape Verdean descent living in the Netherlands. METHODS: We conducted logistic regression on a dataset that consisted of self-reported health and well-being surveys filled out by 5611 female students, age 14-16, in Rotterdam, the Netherlands (Antillean Dutch N = 357, Creole-Surinamese-Dutch N = 130, and Cape Verdean-Dutch N = 402, and Dutch 'natives' N = 4691)...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343161/addressing-the-social-determinants-of-health-a-call-to-action-for-school-nurses
#14
Krista Schroeder, Susan Kohl Malone, Ellen McCabe, Terri Lipman
Social determinants of health (SDOH), the conditions in which children are born, grow, live, work or attend school, and age, impact child health and contribute to health disparities. School nurses must consider these factors as part of their clinical practice because they significantly and directly influence child well-being. We provide clinical guidance for addressing the SDOH when caring for children with three common health problems (obesity, insufficient sleep, and asthma). Given their unique role as school-based clinical experts, care coordinators, and student advocates, school nurses are well suited to serve as leaders in addressing SDOH...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343130/a-community-based-exercise-program-to-increase-participation-in-physical-activities-among-youth-with-disability-a-feasibility-study
#15
Nora Shields, Roos van den Bos, Kirsty Buhlert-Smith, Luke Prendergast, Nicholas Taylor
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of a student-mentored community-based exercise program for youth with disability. METHOD: Nineteen youth (nine female; mean age 18 years) with disability (seven cerebral palsy, six Down syndrome, three spina bifida, two autism spectrum disorder, one spinal cord injury) were recruited. Each participant was matched with a student mentor and exercised twice a week for 12 weeks at their local gymnasium. Five domains of feasibility were assessed: demand, implementation, practicality, limited efficacy testing, and acceptability...
January 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342847/how-work-characteristics-are-related-to-european-workers-psychological-well-being-a-comparison-of-two-age-groups
#16
Laura Lorente, Núria Tordera, José María Peiró
This study aimed to analyze the mechanisms through which work characteristics are related to psychological well-being, exploring the mediational role of work meaningfulness and job satisfaction, and investigating differences in the patterns of relationships between two age groups. The sample was composed of 36,896 workers from the 5th European Working Conditions Survey. Structural equation modeling analyses and multiple group analyses were performed. The results revealed a parallel mediational model, in which work meaningfulness and general job satisfaction mediate the relationships between work characteristics and well-being...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342844/short-vacation-improves-stress-level-and-well-being-in-german-speaking-middle-managers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Cornelia Blank, Katharina Gatterer, Veronika Leichtfried, Doris Pollhammer, Maria Mair-Raggautz, Stefan Duschek, Egon Humpeler, Wolfgang Schobersberger
Stress in the work place has a detrimental effect on people's health. Sufficient recovery is necessary to counteract severe chronic negative load reactions. Previous research has shown that vacationing for at least seven consecutive days provided an efficient recovery strategy. Yet, thus far, the effects of short vacations and the mode of vacation (whether at home or in a new environment) have rarely been studied. We investigated the immediate and long-term effects of a short vacation (four nights) on well-being and perceived stress and whether the mode of vacation impacted on these results...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342371/global-regional-and-country-level-economic-impacts-of-dental-diseases-in-2015
#18
A J Righolt, M Jevdjevic, W Marcenes, S Listl
Up-to-date information about the economic impact of dental diseases is essential for health care decision makers when seeking to make rational use of available resources. The purpose of this study was to provide up-to-date estimates for dental expenditures (direct costs) and productivity losses (indirect costs) due to dental diseases on the global, regional, and country level. Direct costs of dental diseases were estimated using a previously established systematic approach; indirect costs were estimated using an approach developed by the World Health Organization Commission on Macroeconomics and Health and factoring in 2015 values for gross domestic product and disability-adjusted life years from the Global Burden of Disease Study...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342147/missed-opportunities-do-states-require-screening-of-children-for-health-conditions-that-interfere-with-learning
#19
Delaney Gracy, Anupa Fabian, Corey Hannah Basch, Maria Scigliano, Sarah A MacLean, Rachel K MacKenzie, Irwin E Redlener
METHODS: Investigators reviewed websites of state departments of health and education, and legislation for all 50 states and DC. For states with mandated screenings and a required form, investigators applied structured analysis to assess HBL inclusion. RESULTS: No state mandated that schools require screening for all 7 HBLs. Less than half (49%) required comprehensive school health examinations and only 12 states plus DC required a specific form. Of these, 12 of the forms required documentation of vision screening, 11 of hearing screening, and 12 of dental screening...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341376/effects-of-playback-theatre-on-cognitive-function-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-in-singapore-a-preliminary-study
#20
Krystal Shu Yi Chung, Eleena Shi Lynn Lee, Jia Qi Tan, Dylan Jin Hao Teo, Chris Ban Loong Lee, Sharifah Rose Ee, Sam Kim Yang Sim, Chew Sim Chee
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of Playback Theatre on older adults' cognitive function and well-being, specifically in the Singapore context. METHODS: Eighteen healthy older adults, older than 50 years of age, participated in the study. Due to practical limitations, a single-group pre-post study design was adopted. Participants completed the outcome measures before and after the training program. There were six weekly sessions in total (about 1...
January 17, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
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