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Seema Mehrotra, Paulomi Sudhir, Girish Rao, Jagadisha Thirthalli, T K Srikanth
There is a dearth of published research on uptake and utility of mental health apps in India, despite a rising global trend in the application of technology in the field of mental health. We describe the development and pilot testing of a self-help intervention for depression, PUSH-D (Practice and Use Self-Help for Depression) for urban Indians. This guided self-help app, with essential and optional zone sections, was developed to provide a comprehensive coverage of therapeutic strategies drawn from cognitive behavior therapy, interpersonal therapy, supportive psychotherapy, and positive psychology...
March 22, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
Jennifer Oates
AIM: The aim of this article is to present selected findings from a doctoral study on the subjective well-being and subjective experience of mental health problems in UK mental health nurses. Here the concept of 'nurses' well-being' is explored. METHOD: Data were drawn from a survey of 237 mental health nurses about their mental health and well-being and from interviews with 27 mental health nurses with personal experience of mental health problems and high subjective well-being...
March 22, 2018: Nursing Management (Harrow)
Laura Veneroni, Andrea Ferrari, Marta Podda, Tullio Proserpio, Elena Pagani Bagliacca, Maura Massimino, Carlo Alfredo Clerici
The issue of quality of life, particularly of patients affected by cancer, is very controversial, especially with adolescent patients who have no prospects of recovery. This article aims to describe the psychological mechanisms, which affect teenage patients with terminal cancer, in order to allow the best quality of life possible. The adaptation of teenager patients suffering from terminal illnesses is also related to other non-medical issues such as psychological, legal and ethical considerations. A correct and balanced communication with such patients is needed, in order of maintaining a positive mental approach ("hope") so that the teens are able to come to terms with the hard reality...
March 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
S S Goonewardene, D Gillatt, R Persad
Male Stress Urinary Incontinence is a complication post robotic radical prostatectomy. This is a major problem that needs to be solved, since it has great impact on quality of life affecting the patient's physical activity and social well-being. A systematic review relating to literature on impact of preoperative PFE on continence outcomes for patients undergoing prostatectomy was conducted. The search strategy aimed to identify all references related to pelvic floor exercises and post-prostatectomy. Search terms used were as follows: (Pelvic floor exercises) AND (incontinence) AND (prostatectomy)...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Bruno Fautrel, Rieke Alten, Bruce Kirkham, Inmaculada de la Torre, Frederick Durand, Jane Barry, Thorsten Holzkaemper, Walid Fakhouri, Peter C Taylor
Current guidelines for the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) recommend early treatment and a treat-to-target goal of remission or low disease activity. Over the past decade, this approach has been extremely successful in reducing disease activity and joint damage in patients with RA. At the same time, however, overall patient perception of well-being appears to have decreased with respect to outcome measures considered important by patients themselves, such as pain, fatigue, physical function and quality of life...
March 21, 2018: Rheumatology International
Lucie D Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Janina I Steinert, Yulia Shenderovich, Jenny Doubt, Rocio Herrero Romero, Carl J Lombard, Alice Redfern, Catherine L Ward, Sibongile Tsoanyane, Divane Nzima, Nkosiyapha Sibanda, Camille Wittesaele, Sachin De Stone, Mark E Boyes, Ricardo Catanho, Jamie McLaren Lachman, Nasteha Salah, Mzuvukile Nocuza, Frances Gardner
Objective: To assess the impact of 'Parenting for Lifelong Health: Sinovuyo Teen', a parenting programme for adolescents in low-income and middle-income countries, on abuse and parenting practices. Design: Pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial. Setting: 40 villages/urban sites (clusters) in the Eastern Cape province, South Africa. Participants: 552 families reporting conflict with their adolescents (aged 10-18)...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Chris Moore, Jenna Bulger, Matt Morgan, Timothy Driscoll, Alison Porter, Saiful Islam, Mike Smyth, Gavin Perkins, Bernadette Sewell, Timothy Rainer, Prabath Nanayakkara, Chukwudi Okolie, Susan Allen, Greg Fegan, Jan Davies, Theresa Foster, Nick Francis, Fang Gao Smith, Gemma Ellis, Tracy Shanahan, Robin Howe, Helen Snooks
Background: Sepsis is a common condition which kills between 36,000 and 64,000 people every year in the UK. Early recognition and management of sepsis has been shown to reduce mortality and improve the health and well-being of people with sepsis. Paramedics frequently come into contact with patients with sepsis and are well placed to provide early diagnosis and treatment.We aim to determine the feasibility of undertaking a fully powered randomised controlled trial (RCT) to test the clinical and cost-effectiveness of paramedics obtaining blood cultures from and administering IV antibiotics to patients with sepsis, so we can make a decision about whether to proceed to a fully powered randomised controlled trial, which will answer questions regarding safety and effectiveness for patients and benefit to the National Health Service (NHS)...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Nanette L Yragui, Caitlin A Demsky, Leslie B Hammer, Sarah Van Dyck, Moni B Neradilek
Purpose: The present study examined the moderating effects of family-supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB) on the relationship between two types of workplace aggression (i.e., patient-initiated physical aggression and coworker-initiated psychological aggression) and employee well-being and work outcomes. Methodology: Data were obtained from a field sample of 417 healthcare workers in two psychiatric hospitals. Hypotheses were tested using moderated multiple regression analyses...
April 2017: Journal of Business and Psychology
Margot Jackson, Kathleen Kiernan, Sara McLanahan
Among the core dimensions of socioeconomic status, maternal education is the most strongly associated with children's cognitive development, and is a key predictor of other resources within the family that strongly predict children's well-being: economic insecurity, family structure, and maternal depression. Most studies examine these circumstances in isolation of one another and/or at particular points in time, precluding a comprehensive understanding of how the family environment evolves over time and contributes to educational disparities in children's skill development and learning...
November 2017: Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Michelle Hughes, Whitney Tucker
Research demonstrates the correlation between childhood adversities linked to poverty and negative outcomes in adulthood, indicating that poverty may itself be considered an adverse childhood experience. Because child poverty is a result of family economic circumstance, policy investments promoting family financial health are imperative to protect child well-being and North Carolina's future prosperity.
March 2018: North Carolina Medical Journal
Aimée Gayed, Josie S Milligan-Saville, Jennifer Nicholas, Bridget T Bryan, Anthony D LaMontagne, Allison Milner, Ira Madan, Rafael A Calvo, Helen Christensen, Arnstein Mykletun, Nicholas Glozier, Samuel B Harvey
Managers are in an influential position to make decisions that can impact on the mental health and well-being of their employees. As a result, there is an increasing trend for organisations to provide managers with training in how to reduce work-based mental health risk factors for their employees. A systematic search of the literature was conducted to identify workplace interventions for managers with an emphasis on the mental health of employees reporting directing to them. A meta-analysis was performed to calculate pooled effect sizes using the random effects model for both manager and employee outcomes...
March 21, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Sanaz Sohrabizadeh, Katayoun Jahangiri, Reza Khani Jazani
BACKGROUND: Natural disasters represent critical threats to the health, safety, and well-being of a community-including reproductive health, which has been neglected in disaster-stricken regions. The current study was undertaken to explore administrative issues related to post-disaster reproductive health systems in Iran. METHODS: A qualitative approach using in-depth unstructured interviews was applied to explore the administrative issues of reproductive health systems in the affected regions...
March 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
Joseph E Gaugler, Mark Reese, Mary S Mittelman
Purpose of the Study: A noted limitation of dementia caregiver intervention research is a lack of focus on the mechanisms of successful programs. The purpose of this study was to conduct a process evaluation of the New York University Caregiver Intervention-Adult Child (NYUCI-AC) to describe its delivery and determine which of its components were associated with key outcomes (caregiver stress and well-being; care recipient residential care admission). Design and Methods: Adult child caregivers randomly assigned to receive the NYUCI-AC intervention (n = 54) were included...
March 19, 2018: Gerontologist
Elia Psouni, Raquel Perez Vicente, Lars B Dahlin, Juan Merlo
Chronic handicap in early life may have a long-term impact on children's psychosocial well-being. Here, we investigated whether Brachialis Plexus Birth Injury (BPBI)-an unpredictable injury at birth-is associated with worse mental health later on, as indicated by prescription and use of psychotropic drugs in adolescence. We explored further whether this association is different depending on socioeconomic characteristics of the child's family, as well as sex. Of the 641 151 children born to native parents in Sweden 1987-1993 (alive and still living in Sweden at the end of 2008), identified in the Swedish Medical Birth Registry, 1587 had suffered a BPBI...
2018: PloS One
Reneeka Persaud, Patricia M Coutts, Alisa Brandon, Luvneet Verma, James A Elliott, R Gary Sibbald
GENERAL PURPOSE: The purpose of this learning activity is to provide information about the Healthy Foot Screen, a new tool for assessment of common foot abnormalities. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to:1...
April 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
R A Houngnihin
Over the past two decades, new challenges in public health have sparked renewed interest in health policy ethics in the world. But in Africa in general and Benin in particular, public health ethics as an approach of intervention, remains embryonic. By aiming the well-being of the population, the health policy in Benin is implicitly ethics. But it is too focused on medical logic and operates at the expense of ethics-oriented approach, clearly expressed in terms of strategies assessed by an independent body before, during and after their implementation, based on the relevance, the efficiency, the equity, the transparency, the social justice...
May 22, 2017: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
Nathalie Devillier
In the field of health, IoT devices, mobile apps, and online communities generate an enormous amount of data. However, health data benefit from a precise legal definition and protection as sensitive data, whereas well-being data have no specific legal regime. Since those data may contribute to identify individuals' health status, there are potential breaches to confidentiality and privacy. Recent European cases (ECHR and ECJ) reaffirms citizens' fundamental rights to privacy and family life, and to an effective remedy...
October 27, 2017: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
Daphne Everaerd, Floris Klumpers, Richard Oude Voshaar, Guillén Fernández, Indira Tendolkar
BACKGROUND: Healthy aging has been associated with stable emotional well-being and attenuated brain responses to negative stimuli. At the same time, depressive symptoms are common in older adults. The neural mechanisms behind this paradox remain to be clarified. We hypothesized that acute stress could alter emotion processing in healthy aging brain and constitute a pathway to vulnerability. METHODS: Using a randomized, controlled crossover design, we explored the influence of acute stress on brain responses to happy and fearful facial expressions in 25 older adults (60-75 years of age) and 25 young (18-30 years of age) control subjects...
October 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Daniel Shepherd, Rita Csako, Jason Landon, Sonja Goedeke, Kelly Ty
Parenting a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be stressful. Understanding parent's perceptions of their stress and their child's ASD-related symptoms is important for both the well-being of parent and child and for other reasons, such as intervention adherence and diagnostic accuracy. We report parent (N = 570) ratings of both their ASD Care-Related Stress scores and their child's symptoms in relation to the child's exposure to five mainstream ASD interventions. Differences across intervention history in the way parents perceive their child's symptoms and rate the stressfulness of performing ASD-related parenting duties were found...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Robert Newell, Rosaline Canessa
Effective resource planning incorporates people-place relationships, allowing these efforts to be inclusive of the different local beliefs, interests, activities and needs. 'Geovisualizations' can serve as potentially powerful tools for facilitating 'place-conscious' resource planning, as they can be developed with high degrees of realism and accuracy, allowing people to recognize and relate to them as 'real places'. However, little research has been done on this potential, and the place-based applications of these visual tools are poorly understood...
February 2018: Heliyon
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