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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227608/a-triboelectric-motion-sensor-in-wearable-body-sensor-network-for-human-activity-recognition
#1
Hui Huang, Xian Li, Ye Sun, Hui Huang, Xian Li, Ye Sun, Ye Sun, Hui Huang, Xian Li
The goal of this study is to design a novel triboelectric motion sensor in wearable body sensor network for human activity recognition. Physical activity recognition is widely used in well-being management, medical diagnosis and rehabilitation. Other than traditional accelerometers, we design a novel wearable sensor system based on triboelectrification. The triboelectric motion sensor can be easily attached to human body and collect motion signals caused by physical activities. The experiments are conducted to collect five common activity data: sitting and standing, walking, climbing upstairs, downstairs, and running...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227153/design-projects-motivated-and-informed-by-the-needs-of-severely-disabled-autistic-children
#2
Steve Warren, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Bala Natarajan, Charles Carlson, Kim Fowler, Ed Brokesh, Jack Xin, Wayne Piersel, Janine Kesterson, Steve Stoffregen, Steve Warren, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Bala Natarajan, Charles Carlson, Kim Fowler, Ed Brokesh, Jack Xin, Wayne Piersel, Janine Kesterson, Steve Stoffregen, Janine Kesterson, Bala Natarajan, David Thompson, Steve Stoffregen, Steve Warren, Kim Fowler, Jack Xin, Punit Prakash, Charles Carlson, Wayne Piersel
Technology can positively impact the lives of severely disabled autistic children if used to (a) gather situational awareness data regarding their health, development, and behavior and (b) assist them with learning and day-to-day activities. This paper summarizes student design projects in the Kansas State University (KSU) College of Engineering that are motivated and informed by the needs of severely disabled children at Heartspring, Wichita, KS. These efforts are supported through the National Science Foundation's General and Age-Related Disabilities Engineering (GARDE) program...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226394/the-social-dimensions-of-therapeutic-horticulture
#3
Holly Harris
Harnessing nature to promote mental health is increasingly seen as a sustainable solution to healthcare across the industrialised world. The benefits of these approaches to well-being include reduced symptoms of anxiety, depression and improved social functioning. Many studies assume that contact with nature is the main therapeutic component of these interventions yet 'green care' programmes typically include activities not based on 'nature' that may contribute to positive outcomes. This study explored the views of service users participating in a Therapeutic Horticultural programme on what factors promoted their engagement in the project, to identify variables other than 'nature' that may be responsible for successful engagement in these programmes...
February 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226059/quality-of-working-life-assessment-of-intervention-studies
#4
Maiza Claudia Vilela Hipólito, Valéria Aparecida Masson, Maria Inês Monteiro, Gustavo Luis Gutierrez
Objective: to analyze the production of knowledge about interventions on quality of working life. Method: integrative review study. The following databases were used for study selection: SciELO, Medline and PubMed. Results: the sample included 25 national and international articles that described programs and methods to acquire healthy habits at the workplace and attenuate its mental demands. Conclusion: by observing the number of businesses throughout the world, a low number of programs addressing workers' health and well-being can be found, and the establishment of efficient policies at institutions could improve this situation...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225822/a-reconfiguration-of-the-sex-trade-how-social-and-structural-changes-in-eastern-zimbabwe-left-women-involved-in-sex-work-and-transactional-sex-more-vulnerable
#5
Jocelyn Elmes, Morten Skovdal, Kundai Nhongo, Helen Ward, Catherine Campbell, Timothy B Hallett, Constance Nyamukapa, Peter J White, Simon Gregson
Understanding the dynamic nature of sex work is important for explaining the course of HIV epidemics. While health and development interventions targeting sex workers may alter the dynamics of the sex trade in particular localities, little has been done to explore how large-scale social and structural changes, such as economic recessions-outside of the bounds of organizational intervention-may reconfigure social norms and attitudes with regards to sex work. Zimbabwe's economic collapse in 2009, following a period (2000-2009) of economic decline, within a declining HIV epidemic, provides a unique opportunity to study community perceptions of the impact of socio-economic upheaval on the sex trade...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225658/lgbtq-part-2
#6
Tracy Perron, Connie Kartoz, Chaya Himelfarb
In addition to dealing with the normal challenges of being a teenager, many times LGBTQ youth have to deal with harassment, intimidation, and bullying on a daily basis as they disproportionately experience verbal and physical harassment while in school as a result of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. This violence adversely affects these students' health and well-being as reflected in the depression and suicide rate among LGBTQ youth. As Part 2 of a series in articles on caring for LGBTQ youth in a school setting, this article reviews specific health risks in this group of students...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225535/treatment-diary-for-botulinum-toxin-spasticity-treatment-a-pilot-study
#7
Bo Biering-Sørensen, Helle K Iversen, Inge M S Frederiksen, Jeanet R Vilhelmsen, Fin Biering-Sørensen
The aim of this study is to develop a treatment diary for patients receiving spasticity treatment including botulinum toxin injection and physiotherapy and/or occupational therapy. The diary focuses on problems triggered by skeletal muscle overactivity; agreed goals for treatment and the patient's self-evaluation of achievement on the Goal Attainment Scale; which skeletal muscles were injected; physiotherapists' and occupational therapists' evaluation of the patients' achievement of objectives on the Goal Attainment Scale; and proposals for optimization of treatment and changing goals...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223974/determination-of-antibacterial-and-technological-properties-of-vaginal-lactobacilli-for-their-potential-application-in-dairy-products
#8
Lorenzo Siroli, Francesca Patrignani, Diana I Serrazanetti, Carola Parolin, Rogers A Ñahui Palomino, Beatrice Vitali, Rosalba Lanciotti
Functional foods could differently affect human health in relation to the gender. Recent studies have highlighted the anti-Candida and anti-Chlamydia activities of some Lactobacillus strains isolated from the vagina of healthy women. Considering these important beneficial activities on women's health, the preparation of functional food containing active vaginal lactobacilli can represent a great scientific challenge for the female gender. In this context, the aim of this work was to study some functional and technological properties of 17 vaginal strains belonging to the species Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus gasseri, and Lactobacillus vaginalis in the perspective to include them in dairy products...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223845/the-predictors-of-poor-quality-of-life-in-a-sample-of-saudi-women-with-breast-cancer
#9
Anwar E Ahmed, Abdulrahman G Alharbi, Mohannad A Alsadhan, Alaa S Almuzaini, Hanin S Almuzaini, Yosra Z Ali, Abdul-Rahman Jazieh
BACKGROUND: The protocols for treatment, along with many adverse effects, can strongly affect cancer patients' quality of life (QoL). As there is limited research on the QoL of Saudi Arabian women being treated for breast cancer, the purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of poor QoL in a sample of Saudi women with breast cancer. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 145 Saudi women with breast cancer who attended the Oncology Outpatient Clinic at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh for routine follow-up...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222972/the-neurologic-control-of-arousal-and-orgasm-with-specific-attention-to-spinal-cord-lesions-integrating-preclinical-and-clinical-sciences
#10
Marcalee Sipski Alexander, Lesley Marson
Preclinical research in animal models is important for understanding the neural pathways and pathophysiology underlying changes in sexual function after SCI. In vivo animal models, primarily rodents, have provided valuable information on the central pathways regulating sexual arousal and orgasm; however, further research is required in females and preclinical modeling of SCI that can be better translated to men and women. Translation of the autonomic and somatic regulation of sexual responses from preclinical models through clinical research correlates well with respect to the peripheral-spinal systems involved...
January 25, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222807/validation-of-the-aging-perceptions-questionnaire-short-on-a-sample-of-community-dwelling-turkish-elderly-migrants
#11
Anne Slotman, Jane M Cramm, Anna P Nieboer
BACKGROUND: Aging perceptions have been found to be major contributors to health in old age. To quantitatively explore aging perceptions among elderly Turkish migrants, valid and reliable Turkish-language instruments are needed. The objective of the current study was to examine the construct validity and reliability of the Turkish-language version of the seven-dimension Aging Perceptions Questionnaire Short version (APQ-S) in a sample of community-dwelling elderly Turkish migrants in the Netherlands...
February 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222781/the-complex-interplay-between-clinical-and-person-centered-diabetes-outcomes-in-the-two-genders
#12
Maria Chiara Rossi, Giuseppe Lucisano, Basilio Pintaudi, Angela Bulotta, Sandro Gentile, Marco Scardapane, Soren Eik Skovlund, Giacomo Vespasiani, Antonio Nicolucci
BACKGROUND: New approaches to cope with clinical and psychosocial aspects of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are needed; gender influences the complex interplay between clinical and non-clinical factors. We used data from the BENCH-D study to assess gender-differences in terms of clinical and person-centered measures in T2DM. METHODS: Clinical quality of care indicators relative to control of HbA1c, lipid profile, blood pressure, and BMI were derived from electronic medical records...
February 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222780/advanced-biosensors-for-detection-of-pathogens-related-to-livestock-and-poultry
#13
REVIEW
Jasmina Vidic, Marisa Manzano, Chung-Ming Chang, Nicole Jaffrezic-Renault
Infectious animal diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses threaten the health and well-being of wildlife, livestock, and human populations, limit productivity and increase significantly economic losses to each sector. The pathogen detection is an important step for the diagnostics, successful treatment of animal infection diseases and control management in farms and field conditions. Current techniques employed to diagnose pathogens in livestock and poultry include classical plate-based methods and conventional biochemical methods as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA)...
February 21, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222713/the-mental-health-status-of-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-attending-a-refugee-health-clinic-including-comparisons-with-a-matched-sample-of-australian-born-residents
#14
Frances Shawyer, Joanne C Enticott, Andrew A Block, I-Hao Cheng, Graham N Meadows
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to survey refugees and asylum-seekers attending a Refugee Health Service in Melbourne, Australia to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders based on screening measures and with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) specifically highlighted. A secondary aim was to compare the prevalence findings with Australian-born matched comparators from the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 135 refugees and asylum-seeker participants using instruments including Kessler-10 (K10) and PTSD-8 to obtain estimates of the prevalence of mental disorders...
February 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222341/patient-emotions-and-perceptions-of-antiepileptic-drug-changes-and-titration-during-treatment-for-epilepsy
#15
Jesse Fishman, Greg Cohen, Colin Josephson, Ann Marie Collier, Srikanth Bharatham, Ying Zhang, Imane Wild
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of antiepileptic drug (AED) change and dose titration on the emotional well-being of patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Members of an online epilepsy community were invited to voluntarily participate in an online survey. The cross-sectional anonymous survey consisted of 31 multiple choice questions balanced in terms of variety and positivity/negativity of emotions concerning participants' most recent AED change. To substantiate survey results, spontaneous comments from epilepsy-related online forums and social media websites that mentioned participants' experiences with AED medication changes (termed passive listening statements) were analyzed and categorized by theme...
February 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222133/maternal-psychological-stress-induced-developmental-disability-neonatal-mortality-and-stillbirth-in-the-offspring-of-wistar-albino-rats
#16
Sakthivel Govindaraj, Annadurai Shanmuganathan, Ravindran Rajan
BACKGROUND: Stress is an inevitable part of life, and maternal stress during the gestational period has dramatic effects in the early programming of the physiology and behavior of offspring. The developmental period is crucial for the well-being of the offspring. Prenatal stress influences the developmental outcomes of the fetus, in part because the developing brain is particularly vulnerable to stress. The etiology of birth defects of the offspring is reported to be 30-40% genetic and 7-10% multifactorial, with the remaining 50% still unknown and also there is no clear cause for neonatal mortality and still-birth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222078/self-determination-theory-intrinsic-motivation-and-behavioral-change
#17
Marie Flannery
Motivation is a central concept in behavioral change. This article reviews the self-determination theory with an emphasis on "intrinsic motivation," which is facilitated when three basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence, and relatedness) are met. Intrinsic motivation is associated with improved well-being and sustained behavioral change.
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222074/integrative-review-on-the-effectiveness-of-internet-based-interactive-programs-for-women-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-treatment
#18
Jiemin Zhu, Lyn Ebert, Sally Wai-Chi Chan
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Internet-based interactive programs have been developed to address health needs for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment, but evidence has been inadequate to establish the effectiveness of these programs. This article aims to synthesize studies published in English or Chinese regarding the effectiveness of these programs on the outcomes of symptom distress, social support, self-efficacy, quality of life, and psychological well-being for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222069/patients-perceptions-of-the-negative-effects-following-different-prostate-cancer-treatments-and-the-impact-on-psychological-well-being-a-nationwide-survey
#19
Ulla-Sisko Lehto, Heli Tenhola, Kimmo Taari, Arpo Aromaa
BACKGROUND: Although the prognosis of localised prostate cancer is good, the negative effects of prostate cancer treatment often impair patient quality of life. A growing number of men experience these negative effects over a longer time because of the increased incidence of and prolonged survival in prostate cancer, and the ageing of the population. Only a few studies have investigated the adverse effects of different prostate cancer treatments using large population-based samples. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide survey (n=1239) to collect detailed information regarding the negative effects (i...
February 21, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221908/content-analysis-of-vomit-and-diarrhea-cleanup-procedures-to-prevent-norovirus-infections-in-retail-and-food-service-operations
#20
Morgan G Chao, Anne-Julie Dubé, Cortney M Leone, Christina M Moore, Angela M Fraser
Human noroviruses are the leading cause of foodborne disease in the United States, sickening 19 to 21 million Americans each year. Vomit and diarrhea are both highly concentrated sources of norovirus particles. For this reason, establishing appropriate cleanup procedures for these two substances is critical. Food service establishments in states that have adopted the 2009 or 2013 U.S. Food and Drug Administration Food Code are required to have a program detailing specific cleanup procedures. The aim of our study was to determine the alignment of existing vomit and diarrhea cleanup procedures with the 11 elements recommended in Annex 3 of the 2011 Supplement to the 2009 Food Code and to determine their readability and clarity of presentation...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
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