keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Low density lipoprotein

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449563/relationship-between-serum-bilirubin-levels-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#1
Filiz Karadag, Ceyhan Balci Sengul, Yasar Enli, Kamuran Karakulah, Huseyin Alacam, Bunyamin Kaptanoglu, Ozgur Kalkanci, Hasan Herken
Objective: We investigated the relationship between serum bilirubin levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS), and the longitudinal effects of baseline serum bilirubin concentrations on MetS in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders undergoing atypical antipsychotics. Methods: The sample of this study consisted of 131 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Waist circumference, blood pressure, and levels of triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting glucose, and insulin were evaluated at baseline and at month six...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449270/strong-association-between-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-serum-lipoprotein-subclass-pattern-in-prepubertal-healthy-children
#2
Geir Kåre Resaland, Tarja Rajalahti, Eivind Aadland, Olav Martin Kvalheim
AIM: To reveal the lipoprotein subclass pattern associated to cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in healthy children. METHODS: Serum concentrations of lipoprotein subclasses and concentrations and average particle size of their main classes were quantified in 94 ethnic Norwegian children using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Twenty-four lipoprotein features were used as input to multivariate regression analysis with CRF measured either as peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) using a continuous treadmill protocol or indirectly by the 10 minute Andersen intermittent running field test...
April 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449205/impact-of-pharmacist-involved-collaborative-care-on-the-clinical-humanistic-and-cost-outcomes-of-high-risk-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-impact-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
M Y L Siaw, Y Ko, D C Malone, K Y K Tsou, Y-J Lew, D Foo, E Tan, S C Chan, A Chia, S S Sinaram, K C Goh, J Y-C Lee
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: With the increasing prevalence of diabetes, the physician-centred model is challenged to deliver holistic care in Asia. Diabetes may be managed effectively within a multidisciplinary collaborative care model; however, evidence on its effectiveness in Asian patients is lacking. Therefore, the primary objective was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of multidisciplinary collaborative care vs physician-centred care in diabetes. The secondary objectives were to evaluate humanistic and economic outcomes among the two types of care...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448973/downregulations-of-cd36-and-calpain-1-inflammation-and-atherosclerosis-by-simvastatin-in-apolipoprotein-e-knockout-mice
#4
Meihui Yin, Qianqian Liu, Lan Yu, Yueyan Yang, Meili Lu, Hongxin Wang, Duosheng Luo, Xianglu Rong, Futian Tang, Jiao Guo
BACKGROUND: In the previous in vitro study, we found that simvastatin decreased the protein expression of CD36, the scavenger receptor, and calpain-1, the Ca2+-sensitive cysteine protease, in oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-treated macrophages. In this in vivo study, we investigated whether simvastatin downregulates the expression of CD36 and calpain-1 and inhibits the inflammation and atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE KO) mice. METHODS: Twenty male 6-week-old ApoE KO mice were divided into 2 groups: the ApoE KO group and the ApoE KO + simvastatin (ApoE KO + Sim) group...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Vascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448842/risk-of-incident-myocardial-infarction-by-gender-interactions-with-serum-lipids-blood-pressure-and-smoking-the-troms%C3%A3-study-1979-2012
#5
Grethe Albrektsen, Ivar Heuch, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Dag Steinar Thelle, Tom Wilsgaard, Inger Njølstad, Kaare Harald Bønaa
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Overall, men have roughly twice the risk of myocardial infarction (MI) compared to women, but what causes this contrast is unclear. Identification of subgroups where the gender contrast in risk is particularly low or high, may provide new insight. In the search for such subgroups, we focus on gender-specific effects of established coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors. Heterogeneity across age groups is also explored. METHODS: Population-based prospective study from Tromsø, Norway, comprising 33,859 individuals (51% women); 2746 individuals (854 women) received a diagnosis of MI during follow-up at ages 35-94 years...
April 9, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448779/effect-of-a-pharmacist-led-program-on-improving-outcomes-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-from-northern-cyprus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Eylem Ilktac Korcegez, Mesut Sancar, Kutay Demirkan
BACKGROUND: The management of type 2 diabetes mellitus is complex, requiring continuous medical care by health care professionals and considerable self-care efforts by patients. Pharmacist-led care programs have been shown to help patients with diabetes succeed in achieving treatment goals and improving outcomes. Pharmacist-led care is a new health care concept in Northern Cyprus. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a pharmacist-led care program on glycemic control, determined by hemoglobin A1c (A1c), and secondarily on blood pressure, lipid profile, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, medication adherence, and self-care activities, for patients with type 2 diabetes over a 12-month period...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447802/potential-lipid-lowering-mechanisms-of-biochanin-a
#7
Zhaohui Xue, Qian Zhang, Wancong Yu, Haichao Wen, Xiaonan Hou, Dan Li, Xiaohong Kou
Extensive studies have demonstrated that biochanin A (BCA) has a significant hypolipidemic effect. However, its mechanism of action is not clear. In this context, the effect of BCA on a high-fat diet (HFD)-induced hyperlipidemia in mice was determined. The results showed that treatment with a medium dose of biochanin A (BM) significantly decreased low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) 85% (from 1.196 ± 0.183 to 0.181 ± 0.0778 mM) and total cholesterol (TC) 39% (from 5.983 ± 0.128 to 3.649 ± 0.374 mM) levels, increased lipoprotein lipase (LPL) 96% (from 1...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447751/deep-sea-water-improves-hypercholesterolemia-and-hepatic-lipid-accumulation-through-the-regulation-of-hepatic-lipid-metabolic-gene-expression
#8
Kyu-Shik Lee, So-Young Chun, Yun-Suk Kwon, Soyoung Kim, Kyung-Soo Nam
A high‑fat diet or high‑cholesterol diet (HCD) is a major cause of metabolic diseases, including obesity and diabetes; vascular diseases, including hypertension, stroke and arteriosclerosis; and liver diseases, including hepatic steatosis and cirrhosis. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of deep sea water (DSW) on rats fed a HCD. DSW decreased HCD‑induced increases in total cholesterol and low‑density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in the blood, and recovered high‑density lipoprotein cholesterol...
March 13, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447744/cyclic-compression-stimulates-osteoblast-differentiation-via-activation-of-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#9
Xi Chen, Jianmin Guo, Yu Yuan, Zhongguang Sun, Binglin Chen, Xiaoyang Tong, Lingli Zhang, Chao Shen, Jun Zou
It is widely accepted that mechanical stress is an important factor in bone associated cell differentiation, including that of mesenchymal stem cells, osteoblasts and osteocytes. The present study aimed to determine the effect of mechanical cyclic compressive load on osteoblast differentiation, and whether this was associated with activation of the wingless‑type (Wnt)/β-catenin signaling pathway. Using a 3D scaffold model, MC3T3‑E1 cells were exposed to cyclic compressive loading via the Flexcell‑5000C™ Compression system...
March 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447736/investigation-of-hypoglycemic-hypolipidemic-and-anti%C3%A2-nephritic-activities-of-paecilomyces-tenuipesn45-in-diet-streptozotocin%C3%A2-induced-diabetic-rats
#10
Chungang Liu, Xuerui Zeng, Yi Li, Hongli Ma, Jingjing Song, Yuhuan Li, Yulin Zhou, Robert J Lee, Di Wang
Due to its pharmacological activities, Paecilomyces tenuipes has previously been used as a folk medicine in Asia. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate the hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic and anti‑nephritic effects of P. tenuipes N45 aqueous extracts (PTNE) in a high fat diet/streptozotocin‑induced diabetic rat model. The rats were treated with 120 mg/kg of metformin or 0.04, 0.2 or 1.0 g/kg PTNE for 4 weeks. The hypoglycemic activity of PTNE was confirmed by the observation of reduced fasting blood glucose level and by partially normalized oral glucose tolerance...
March 10, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447714/resveratrol-protects-against-oxidized-low%C3%A2-density-lipoprotein%C3%A2-induced-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cell-apoptosis-via-inhibition-of-mitochondrial%C3%A2-derived-oxidative-stress
#11
Yujie Liu, Xizhou Chen, Jie Li
Resveratrol, a natural phytochemical found in grapes and red wine, has been found to possess protective effects against endothelial cell apoptosis and oxidative damage. Oxidized‑low density lipoprotein (ox‑LDL) can induce apoptosis of endothelial cells, which is an important initial event in several cardiovascular diseases. However, the effect of resveratrol on ox‑LDL‑induced apoptosis and oxidative damage, and the possible associated mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In the present study, following exposure to ox‑LDL, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with or without resveratrol...
March 9, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447439/lipid-abnormalities-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-overt-nephropathy
#12
Sabitha Palazhy, Vijay Viswanathan
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy is a major complication of diabetes and an established risk factor for cardiovascular events. Lipid abnormalities occur in patients with diabetic nephropathy, which further increase their risk for cardiovascular events. We compared the degree of dyslipidemia among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects with and without nephropathy and analyzed the factors associated with nephropathy among them. METHODS: In this retrospective study, T2DM patients with overt nephropathy were enrolled in the study group (n=89) and without nephropathy were enrolled in the control group (n=92)...
April 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446761/metabolic-syndrome-modulates-association-between-endothelial-lipase-and-lipid-lipoprotein-plasma-levels-in-acute-heart-failure-patients
#13
Ines Potočnjak, Matias Trbušić, Sanda Dokoza Terešak, Bojana Radulović, Gudrun Pregartner, Andrea Berghold, Beate Tiran, Gunther Marsche, Vesna Degoricija, Saša Frank
We hypothesised that the established association of endothelial lipase (EL) plasma levels with atherogenic lipid profile is altered in acute heart failure (AHF) and additionally affected by overlapping metabolic syndrome (MetS). We examined the association of EL plasma levels and lipid/lipoprotein plasma levels in AHF patients without and with overlapping MetS. The study was performed as a single-centre, observational study on 152 AHF patients, out of which 85 had overlapping MetS. In the no-MetS group, EL plasma levels were significantly positively correlated with plasma levels of atherogenic lipids/lipoproteins, including total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, total LDL particles and triglycerides, but also with plasma levels of antiatherogenic high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, total HDL particles and small HDL particles...
April 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446613/structural-basis-for-ligand-capture-and-release-by-the-endocytic-receptor-apoer2
#14
Hidenori Hirai, Norihisa Yasui, Keitaro Yamashita, Sanae Tabata, Masaki Yamamoto, Junichi Takagi, Terukazu Nogi
Apolipoprotein E receptor 2 (ApoER2) is a close homologue of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) that mediates the endocytosis of ligands, including LDL particles. LDLR family members have been presumed to explore a large conformational space to capture ligands in the extended conformation at the cell surface. Ligands are subsequently released through a pH-titrated structural transition to a self-docked, contracted-closed conformation. In addition to lipoprotein uptake, ApoER2 is implicated in signal transduction during brain development through capture of the extracellular protein reelin...
April 26, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444734/highly-electronegative-low-density-lipoprotein-l5-evokes-microglial-activation-and-creates-a-neuroinflammatory-stress-via-toll-like-receptor-4-signaling
#15
Liang-En Yu, Chiou-Lian Lai, Ching-Tien Lee, Jiz-Yuh Wang
Atherogenic risk factors, such as hypercholesterolemia, are associated with increased risk of neurodegeneration, especially Alzheimer's dementia. Human plasma electronegative low-density lipoprotein [LDL(-)], especially L5, may serve as an important contributing factor. L5 promoting an inflammatory action in atherosclerosis has been extensively studied. However, the role of L5 in inducing neuroinflammation remains unknown. Here, we examined the impact of L5 on immune activation and cell viability in cultured BV-2 microglia...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444662/early-mitochondrial-adaptations-in-skeletal-muscle-to-obesity-and-obesity-resistance-differentially-regulated-by-high-fat-diet
#16
Jingyu Sun, Tao Huang, Zhengtang Qi, Songhui You, Jingmei Dong, Chen Zhang, Lili Qin, Yunhe Zhou, Shuzhe Ding
The mechanism for different susceptibilities to obesity after short-term high-fat diet (HFD) feeding is largely unknown. Given the close association between obesity occurrence and mitochondrial dysfunction, the early events in skeletal muscle mitochondrial adaptations between HFD-induced obesity (DIO) and HFD-induced obesity resistant (DIO-R) lean phenotype under excess nutritional environment were explored.ICR/JCL male mice were randomly divided into 2 groups, as follows: low-fat diet (LFD) and HFD groups...
April 25, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444290/low-density-lipoproteins-cause-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-1-evidence-from-genetic-epidemiologic-and-clinical-studies-a-consensus-statement-from-the-european-atherosclerosis-society-consensus-panel
#17
Brian A Ference, Henry N Ginsberg, Ian Graham, Kausik K Ray, Chris J Packard, Eric Bruckert, Robert A Hegele, Ronald M Krauss, Frederick J Raal, Heribert Schunkert, Gerald F Watts, Jan Borén, Sergio Fazio, Jay D Horton, Luis Masana, Stephen J Nicholls, Børge G Nordestgaard, Bart van de Sluis, Marja-Riitta Taskinen, Lale Tokgözoglu, Ulf Landmesser, Ulrich Laufs, Olov Wiklund, Jane K Stock, M John Chapman, Alberico L Catapano
Aims: To appraise the clinical and genetic evidence that low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) cause atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Methods and results: We assessed whether the association between LDL and ASCVD fulfils the criteria for causality by evaluating the totality of evidence from genetic studies, prospective epidemiologic cohort studies, Mendelian randomization studies, and randomized trials of LDL-lowering therapies. In clinical studies, plasma LDL burden is usually estimated by determination of plasma LDL cholesterol level (LDL-C)...
April 24, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444187/modelling-the-cost-effectiveness-pcsk9-inhibitors-vs-ezetimibe-through-ldl-c-reductions-in-a-norwegian-setting
#18
Max Korman, Torbjørn Wisløff
Aims: Despite the success of statins, there remains unmet clinical need in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. New proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) by 55-65%. Two PCSK9 inhibitors, evolocumab and alirocumab, were approved for use in Norway but not yet for reimbursement through public national insurance. We aim to explore the cost-effectiveness of these compared to available treatments in a Norwegian setting...
April 21, 2017: European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444023/-conicity-index-as-a-predictor-of-changes-in-the-lipid-profile-of-adolescents-in-a-city-in-northeast-brazil
#19
Adélia da Costa Pereira de Arruda Neta, José Cazuza de Farias, Pamela Rodrigues Martins, Flávia Emília Leite de Lima Ferreira
The objective was to evaluate the conicity index (C Index) as a predictor of changes in the lipid profile of adolescents and to establish its cutoff points. This was a cross-sectional study in 774 adolescents of both sexes (55% girls), 10 to 14 years of age. C Index was calculated according to the formula proposed by Valdez, considering body mass, height, and waist circumference (WC). Changes in the adolescents' lipid profile were defined according to one of the following conditions: elevated levels of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and triglycerides and low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL)...
April 20, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443029/superior-effects-of-eccentric-to-concentric-knee-extensor-resistance-training-on-physical-fitness-insulin-sensitivity-and-lipid-profiles-of-elderly-men
#20
Trevor Chung-Ching Chen, Wei-Chin Tseng, Guan-Ling Huang, Hsin-Lian Chen, Kuo-Wei Tseng, Kazunori Nosaka
It has been reported that eccentric training of knee extensors is effective for improving blood insulin sensitivity and lipid profiles to a greater extent than concentric training in young women. However, it is not known whether this is also the case for elderly individuals. Thus, the present study tested the hypothesis that eccentric training of the knee extensors would improve physical function and health parameters (e.g., blood lipid profiles) of older adults better than concentric training. Healthy elderly men (60-76 years) were assigned to either eccentric training or concentric training group (n = 13/group), and performed 30-60 eccentric or concentric contractions of knee extensors once a week...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
keyword
keyword
337
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"