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Mycobacterium osteomyelitis endocarditis

Göran Jönsson, Johan Rydberg, Erik Sturegård, Bertil Christensson
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium goodii is a rare cause of significant infection. M. goodii has mainly been associated with lymphadenitis, cellulitis, osteomyelitis, and wound infection. CASE PRESENTATION: A case of a 76-year-old Caucasian female is presented. The patient developed a prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by M. goodii. She had also suffered from severe neurological symptoms related to a septic emboli that could be demonstrated as an ischemic lesion found on CT of the brain...
2012: BMC Infectious Diseases
L Grammatico, S Baron, E Rusch, B Lepage, N Surer, J C Desenclos, J M Besnier
Vertebral osteomyelitis (VO) is a rare event. To estimate the incidence of VO in France for 2002-2003, national hospital-discharge data were used. Hospital stays were categorized as definite, probable or possible VO. Unique patient identification numbers allowed the investigators to link patients with multiple hospital stays and to analyse data for individual patients. A sample of medical records was reviewed to assess the specificity of the VO case definition. In 2002-2003, 1977 and 2036 hospital stays corresponding to 1422 and 1425 patients (median age 59 years, male:female ratio 1...
May 2008: Epidemiology and Infection
J Belzunegui, N Del Val, J J Intxausti, J R De Dios, R Queiro, C González, V Rodríguez-Valverde, M Figueroa
OBJECTIVE: The records of 62 patients with clinical and radiographic evidence of vertebral osteomyelitis and positive bacteriological diagnosis, seen between 1979 and 1996, were reviewed in order to gather data on the epidemiology and the clinical pattern displayed by patients with this condition in northern Spain. RESULTS: Staphylococcus aureus (15 cases), Mycobacterium tuberculosis (15 cases) and Brucella melitensis (13 cases) were the microorganisms most frequently found in our patient series...
July 1999: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
D W Fraser
Bacteria recently recognized as nosocomial pathogens generally fall into three categories: those that grow slowly, those that are fastidious in their nutritional or atmospheric requirements and those that resemble commensals. Each characteristic has contributed to the delay in perceiving their importance. Mycobacterium chelonei and Myco. fortuitum--which grow slowly, although characterized as "rapid-growing" mycobacteria--cause sternal osteomyelitis, pericarditis and endocarditis after cardiac surgery as well as other wound infections after many types of surgery...
February 1981: American Journal of Medicine
C B Hartley, H Yeager
Nontuberculous mycobacteria are identified in almost half of the cultures reported positive for mycobacteria in clinical laboratories in the United States. While many represent saprophytic colonization or laboratory contamination, a significant number of these organisms are the agents of disease. Such organisms can be the cause of pulmonary, soft tissue, cutaneous and lymphatic infections, keratitis, osteomyelitis, postsurgical infection, endocarditis and disseminated disease.
April 1984: American Family Physician
F Robicsek, P C Hoffman, T N Masters, H K Daugherty, J W Cook, J G Selle, C U Mauney, P Hinson
A review of atypical mycobacterial infections complicating cardiac operations is presented. Proven sources of infections at different institutions include contaminated porcine valves and municipal water supply, but the mode of transmission in the great majority of patients remains unclear. There are two principal clinical forms of atypical mycobacterial infections after cardiac operations--endocarditis and sternal osteomyelitis. The latter has characteristics resembling tuberculotic "cold abscess." Specialized laboratory testing is necessary to confirm the diagnosis, and surgeons may have to take the initiative to request special microbiological investigation in cases where infection is clinically suspected but routine cultures are reported as "negative...
December 1988: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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