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portfolio program

John V Thomas, Rupan Sanyal, Janis P O'Malley, Satinder P Singh, Desiree E Morgan, Cheri L Canon
The academic educator's portfolio is a collection of materials that document academic performance and achievements, supplementing the curriculum vitae, in order to showcase a faculty member's most significant accomplishments. A decade ago, a survey of medical schools revealed frustration in the nonuniform methods of measuring faculty's medical education productivity. A proposed solution was the use of an academic educator's portfolio. In the academic medical community, compiling an academic portfolio is always a challenge because teaching has never been confined to the traditional classroom setting and often involves active participation of the medical student, resident, or fellow in the ongoing care of the patient...
October 11, 2016: Academic Radiology
Osmar A Cuoghi, Francielle Topolski, Lorraine P de Faria, Marcos R de Mendonça
AIM: To evaluate the correlation between pain and tissue damage in response to orthodontic tooth movement (OTM), such as hyalinization and external apical root resorption (EARR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literature review was used as a methodological strategy, following the knowledge development process - constructivist (ProKnow-C). Study axes were defined and keywords that best represented each axis were selected. The terms were submitted to an adherence test and validation, resulting in 12 keyword combinations...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Severin Pinilla, Leo Nicolai, Maximilian Gradel, Tanja Pander, Martin R Fischer, Philip von der Borch, Konstantinos Dimitriadis
BACKGROUND: Peer mentoring is a powerful pedagogical approach for supporting undergraduate medical students in their learning environment. However, it remains unclear what exactly peer mentoring is and whether and how undergraduate medical students use social media for peer-mentoring activities. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at describing and exploring the Facebook use of undergraduate medical students during their first 2 years at a German medical school. The data should help medical educators to effectively integrate social media in formal mentoring programs for medical students...
October 27, 2015: JMIR Med Educ
Janine Margarita Dizon, Karen Grimmer, Shingai Machingaidze, Pam McLaren, Quinette Louw
BACKGROUND: Little is known about allied health (AH) clinical practice guideline (CPG) activity in South Africa, and particularly in relation to primary health care (PHC). This paper reports on a scoping study undertaken to establish a reference framework, from which a comprehensive maximum variation sample could be selected. This was required to underpin robust sampling for a qualitative study aimed at understanding South African primary care AH therapy CPG activities. This paper builds on findings from the South African Guidelines Evaluation (Project SAGE) Flagship grant...
October 10, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
Jean Frantz Lemoine, Anne Marie Desormeaux, Franck Monestime, Carl Renad Fayette, Luccene Desir, Abdel Nasser Direny, Sarah Carciunoiu, Lior Miller, Alaine Knipes, Patrick Lammie, Penelope Smith, Melissa Stockton, Lily Trofimovich, Kalpana Bhandari, Richard Reithinger, Kathryn Crowley, Eric Ottesen, Margaret Baker
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and soil-transmitted helminths (STH) have been targeted since 2000 in Haiti, with a strong mass drug administration (MDA) program led by the Ministry of Public Health and Population and its collaborating international partners. By 2012, Haiti's neglected tropical disease (NTD) program had reached full national scale, and with such consistently good epidemiological coverage that it is now able to stop treatment for LF throughout almost all of the country. Essential to this success have been in the detail of how MDAs were implemented...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
J Mac McCullough, Kate Goodin
CONTEXT: Numerous software and data storage systems are employed by local health departments (LHDs) to manage clinical and nonclinical data needs. Leveraging electronic systems may yield improvements in public health practice. However, information is lacking regarding current usage patterns among LHDs. OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical and nonclinical data storage and software types by LHDs. DESIGN: Data came from the 2015 Informatics Capacity and Needs Assessment Survey, conducted by Georgia Southern University in collaboration with the National Association of County and City Health Officials...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Bradford J Kim, Nakul P Valsangkar, Tiffany W Liang, Michael P Murphy, Teresa A Zimmers, Teresa M Bell, Mark G Davies, Leonidas G Koniaris
OBJECTIVE: Changing training paradigms in vascular surgery have been introduced to reduce overall training time. Herein, we sought to examine how shortened training for vascular surgeons may have influenced overall divisional academic productivity. METHODS: Faculty from the top 55 surgery departments were identified according to National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding. Academic metrics of 315 vascular surgery, 1132 general surgery, and 2,403 other surgical specialties faculty were examined using institutional websites, Scopus, and NIH Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools from September 1, 2014 to January 31, 2015...
September 23, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
John M Green
PURPOSE: Timely performance evaluation and feedback are critical to resident development. However, formulating and delivering this information disrupts physician workflow, leading to low participation. This study was designed to determine if a locally developed smartphone platform would integrate regular evaluation into daily processes and thus increase faculty participation in timely resident evaluation. METHODS: Formal, documented resident operative and patient interaction evaluations were compiled over an 8-month study period...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Sylvia Heeneman, Suzanne Schut, Jeroen Donkers, Cees van der Vleuten, Arno Muijtjens
BACKGROUND: Progress tests (PT) are used to assess students on topics from all medical disciplines. Progress testing is usually one of the assessment methods of the cognitive domain. There is limited knowledge on how positioning of the PT in a program of assessment (PoA) influences students' PT scores, use of PT feedback and perceived learning value. METHODS: We compared PT total scores and use of a PT test feedback (ProF) system in two medical courses, where the PT is either used as a summative assessment or embedded in a comprehensive PoA and used formatively...
September 19, 2016: Medical Teacher
Naoko Takebe, Mansoor M Ahmed, Bhadrasain Vikram, Eric J Bernhard, James Zwiebel, C Norman Coleman, Charles A Kunos
A number of oncology phase II radiochemotherapy trials with promising results have been conducted late in the overall experimental therapeutic agent development process. Accelerated development and approval of experimental therapeutic agents have stimulated further interest in much earlier radiation-agent studies to increase the likelihood of success in phase III trials. To sustain this interest, more forward-thinking preclinical radiobiology experimental designs are needed to improve discovery of promising radiochemotherapy plus agent combinations for clinical trial testing...
October 2016: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
Sherry Hamby, Alli Smith, Kimberly Mitchell, Heather Turner
This literature review assesses the current state of knowledge about elder abuse and mistreatment, focusing on the lack of incorporation of all forms of elder victimization and the benefits of a poly-victimization framework. This review also includes existing knowledge on risk factors and calls for a greater focus on protective factors and a greater inclusion on family and community factors. Future research, prevention, and intervention would benefit from considering the true burden of elder victimization and a greater implementation of strengths-based approaches to programs...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Sylvia M James, Susan R Singer
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has a long history of investment in broadening participation (BP) in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. A review of past NSF BP efforts provides insights into how the portfolio of programs and activities has evolved and the broad array of innovative strategies that has been used to increase the participation of groups underrepresented in STEM, including women, minorities, and persons with disabilities. While many are familiar with these long-standing programmatic efforts, BP is also a key component of NSF's strategic plans, has been highlighted in National Science Board reports, and is the focus of ongoing outreach efforts...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
Ingrid Tonni, Luca Mora, Richard G Oliver
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of a portfolio learning strategy designed to develop students' reflection abilities in a postgraduate orthodontic program in the UK. Nine first-year postgraduate orthodontic students and seven mentors participated in the one-year program, which included a reflective portfolio, mentorship, and discussion. After the program, the students' and mentors' perceptions were collected using focus groups and individual interviews, respectively. The data were analyzed using thematic analysis...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Stefan Gelcich, Camila Vargas, Maria Jose Carreras, Juan Carlos Castilla, C Josh Donlan
Biodiversity offsets are becoming increasingly common across a portfolio of settings: national policy, voluntary programs, international lending, and corporate business structures. Given the diversity of ecological, political, and socio-economic systems where offsets may be applied, place-based information is likely to be most useful in designing and implementing offset programs, along with guiding principles that assure best practice. We reviewed the research on biodiversity offsets to explore gaps and needs...
August 16, 2016: Ambio
J N Walton, K Gardner, J Aleksejuniene
INTRODUCTION: The University of British Columbia Faculty of Dentistry developed a longitudinal curriculum pilot project to assess the usefulness of portfolios for dental students to develop reflective skills and demonstrate competency development, and to examine relationships between portfolio grades and clinical success. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Students in one dental class created portfolios with reflections on examples relevant to eight selected competency statements each year of the program...
May 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Paul S Pagel
OBJECTIVE: The American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA) has been responsible for certification of anesthesiologists since 1938. Selected ABA diplomates provide their expertise to write the ABA's written and oral examinations and to administer the oral examination required for primary certification. The demographics, administrative and educational duties, and scholarly productivity of ABA volunteers and their dependence on subspecialty certification, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) credentials, and grant funding are unknown...
October 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Kathleen Baird, Jenny Gamble, Mary Sidebotham
Education programs leading to professional licencing need to ensure assessments throughout the program are constructively aligned and mapped to the specific professional expectations. Within the final year of an undergraduate degree, a student is required to transform and prepare for professional practice. Establishing assessment items that are authentic and able to reflect this transformation is a challenge for universities. This paper both describes the considerations around the design of a capstone assessment and evaluates, from an academics perspective, the quality and applicability of an e-portfolio as a capstone assessment item for undergraduate courses leading to a professional qualification...
September 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Lawrence A Palinkas, Suzanne E Spear, Sapna J Mendon, Juan Villamar, Thomas Valente, Chi-Ping Chou, John Landsverk, Shepperd G Kellam, C Hendricks Brown
BACKGROUND: Sustaining prevention efforts directed at substance use and mental health problems is one of the greatest, yet least understood, challenges in the field of implementation science. A large knowledge gap exists regarding the meaning of the term "sustainment" and what factors predict or even measure sustainability of effective prevention programs and support systems. METHODS/DESIGN: The U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) supports a diverse portfolio of prevention and treatment grant programs that aim to improve population and individual level behavioral health...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
Lokke Gennissen, Lorette Stammen, Jolien Bueno-de-Mesquita, Sietse Wieringa, Jamiu Busari
Purpose It is assumed that the use of valid and reliable assessment methods can facilitate the development of medical residents' management and leadership competencies. To justify this assertion, the perceptions of an expert panel of health care leaders were explored on assessment methods used for evaluating care management (CM) development in Dutch residency programs. This paper aims to investigate how assessors and trainees value these methods and examine for any inherent benefits or shortcomings when they are applied in practice...
July 4, 2016: Leadership in Health Services
Robert M Califf
Patients, clinicians, and policymakers alike need access to high-quality scientific evidence in order to make informed choices about health and healthcare, but the current national clinical trials enterprise is not yet optimally configured for the efficient creation and dissemination of such evidence. However, new technologies and methods hold significant potential for accelerating the rate at which we are able to translate raw findings gathered from both patient care and clinical research into actionable knowledge...
October 2016: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
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