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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780889/how-to-conceptualize-and-implement-a-phd-program-in-health-sciences-the-basel-approach
#1
Franziska Keller, Suzanne Dhaini, Matthias Briel, Sina Henrichs, Christoph Höchsmann, Daniel Kalbermatten, Nino Künzli, Annette Mollet, Christian Puelacher, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Belinda von Niederhäusern, Sabina De Geest
Objectives: Over the past decade, several excellent guidelines have been published on how to enhance the quality of PhD education in Europe. Aimed primarily at preparing students for innovative roles in their fields, they include variously structured approaches to curricular offerings, as well as other program components applicable across specialties (eg: supervisor support, scientific conduct, transferable skills). Since 2012, the interdisciplinary PhD Program in Health Sciences (PPHS) at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Basel in Switzerland has focused on translating these guidelines into a 21st-century health sciences PhD program...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714515/assessing-the-financial-value-of-patient-engagement-a-quantitative-approach-from-ctti-s-patient-groups-and-clinical-trials-project
#2
Bennett Levitan, Kenneth Getz, Eric L Eisenstein, Michelle Goldberg, Matthew Harker, Sharon Hesterlee, Bray Patrick-Lake, Jamie N Roberts, Joseph DiMasi
BACKGROUND: While patient groups, regulators, and sponsors are increasingly considering engaging with patients in the design and conduct of clinical development programs, sponsors are often reluctant to go beyond pilot programs because of uncertainty in the return on investment. We developed an approach to estimate the financial value of patient engagement. METHODS: Expected net present value (ENPV) is a common technique that integrates the key business drivers of cost, time, revenue, and risk into a summary metric for project strategy and portfolio decisions...
March 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606656/engaging-oral-health-students-in-learning-basic-science-through-assessment-that-weaves-in-personal-experience
#3
Delyse Leadbeatter, Jinlong Gao
Learning basic science forms an essential foundation for oral health therapy and dentistry, but frequently students perceive it as difficult, dry, and disconnected from clinical practice. This perception is encouraged by assessment methods that reward fact memorization, such as objective examinations. This study evaluated use of a learner-centered assessment portfolio designed to increase student engagement with basic science in an oral health therapy program at the University of Sydney, Australia. The aim of this qualitative study based on focus groups was to investigate students' engagement with basic science courses following introduction of the portfolio...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556941/exploiting-the-rht-portfolio-for-hybrid-wheat-breeding
#4
Tobias Würschum, Guozheng Liu, Philipp H G Boeven, C Friedrich H Longin, Vilson Mirdita, Ebrahim Kazman, Yusheng Zhao, Jochen C Reif
The portfolio of available Reduced height loci (Rht-B1, Rht-D1, and Rht24) can be exploited for hybrid wheat breeding to achieve the desired heights in the female and male parents, as well as in the hybrids, without adverse effects on other traits relevant for hybrid seed production. Plant height is an important trait in wheat line breeding, but is of even greater importance in hybrid wheat breeding. Here, the height of the female and male parental lines must be controlled and adjusted relative to each other to maximize hybrid seed production...
March 19, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547887/an-evaluation-of-navy-en-route-care-training-using-a-high-fidelity-medical-simulation-scenario-of-interfacility-patient-transport
#5
Christine A DeForest, Virginia Blackman, John E Alex, Lauren Reeves, Alejandra Mora, Crystal Perez, Joseph Maddry, Domenique Selby, Benjamin Walrath
Introduction: Military prehospital and en route care (ERC) directly impacts patient morbidity and mortality. Provider knowledge and skills are critical variables in the effectiveness of ERC. No Navy doctrine defines provider choice for patient transport or requires standardized provider training. Frequently, Search and Rescue Medical Technicians (SMTs) and Navy Nurses (ERC RNs) are tasked with this mission though physicians have also been used. Navy ERC provider training varies greatly by professional role...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530241/assessing-the-value-of-moving-more-the-integral-role-of-qualified-health-professionals
#6
Ross Arena, Amy McNeil, Carl J Lavie, Cemal Ozemek, Daniel Forman, Jonathan Myers, Deepika R Laddu, Dejana Popovic, Codie R Rouleau, Tavis S Campbell, Andrew P Hills
Being physically active or, in a broader sense, simply moving more throughout each day is one of the most important components of an individual's health plan. In conjunction with regular exercise training, taking more steps in a day and sitting less are also important components of one's movement portfolio. Given this priority, health care professionals must develop enhanced skills for prescribing and guiding individualized movement programs for all their patients. An important component of a health care professional's ability to prescribe movement as medicine is competency in assessing an individual's risk for untoward events if physical exertion was increased...
April 2018: Current Problems in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529324/the-us-federal-tox21-program-a-strategic-and-operational-plan-for-continued-leadership
#7
Russell S Thomas, Richard S Paules, Anton Simeonov, Suzanne C Fitzpatrick, Kevin M Crofton, Warren M Casey, Donna L Mendrick
The traditional approaches to toxicity testing have posed multiple challenges for evaluating the safety of commercial chemicals, pesticides, food additives/contaminants, and medical products.The challenges include number of chemicals that need to be tested, time and resource intensive nature of traditional toxicity tests, and unexpected adverse effects that occur in pharmaceutical clinical trials despite the extensive toxicological testing.Over a decade ago, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), National Toxicology Program (NTP), National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) formed a federal consortium for "Toxicology in the 21st Century" (Tox21) with a focus on developing and evaluating in vitro high-throughput screening (HTS) methods for hazard identification and providing mechanistic insights...
2018: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506417/building-a-tribal-academic-partnership-to-address-ptsd-substance-misuse-and-hiv-among-american-indian-women
#8
Cynthia R Pearson, Lucy Smartlowit-Briggs, Annie Belcourt, Michele Bedard-Gilligan, Debra Kaysen
OBJECTIVES: To describe our partnership and research infrastructure development strategies and discuss steps in developing a culturally grounded framework to obtain data and identify a trauma-informed evidence-based intervention. METHOD: We present funding strategies that develop and maintain the partnership and tools that guided research development. We share how a community research committee was formed and the steps taken to clarify the health concern and develop a culturally tailored framework...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504025/impact-of-implementing-a-competency-based-clinical-curriculum-transitioning-a-dental-hygiene-program
#9
Claire S Tucker, Melissa G Efurd, Robert L Kennedy
PURPOSE: Competency-based education is employed to ensure students are prepared to perform tasks required by entry-level practitioners. The American Dental Education Association's curriculum for dental hygiene programs states that students should learn skills consistently performed by dental hygienists to the level of competence. The purpose of this study was to assess the implementation of a competency- based dental hygiene clinical program at University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501069/creation-of-a-national-emergency-medicine-enhanced-competency-directory-for-residency-training
#10
Niran Argintaru, Jared Baylis, Jodie Pritchard, Ali Mulla, Alice Gray, Alexander Hart, Christina Bova, Teri-Leigh Armstrong, Ahmed Taher
Canadian emergency medicine Royal College residency training allows for pursuing extra training in enhanced competency areas. A wealth of enhanced competency training opportunities exist nationally. However, the search for the right fit is a challenging one because there is no centralized resource that catalogues all of these opportunities. A working group of the Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians (CAEP) Resident Section was assembled in 2016 to create a freely accessible and comprehensive directory of Canadian enhanced competency areas...
March 4, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489924/the-design-and-evaluation-of-the-comprehensive-hospitalist-assessment-and-mentorship-with-portfolios-champ-ultrasound-program
#11
Benji K Mathews, Kreegan Reierson, Khuong Vuong, Ankit Mehta, Paula Miller, Seth Koenig, Mangala Narasimhan
BACKGROUND: Literature supports the use of point-ofcare ultrasound performed by the treating hospitalist in the diagnosis of common diseases. There is no consensus on the training paradigm or the evaluation of skill retention for hospitalists. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a comprehensive bedside ultrasound training program with postcourse competency assessments for hospitalists. DESIGN: A retrospective report of a training program with 53 hospitalists...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485487/describing-the-journey-and-lessons-learned-implementing-a-competency-based-time-variable-undergraduate-medical-education-curriculum
#12
George C Mejicano, Tracy N Bumsted
Oregon Health & Science University School of Medicine launched a completely new undergraduate medical education curriculum in 2014. This initiative dramatically transformed the MD degree program, changing the instructional content taught, the pedagogical methods used by the faculty, and the methods of assessment, and it added new elements such as academic coaching and programmatic entrustment to the program. One of the most exciting and impactful aspects to date of this curricular transformation has been the deliberate implementation of a competency-based framework that incorporates frequent assessment, tracking of student progression using an electronic portfolio, and academic coaching to optimize learning and customize curricular elements for each student...
March 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401337/skills-decay-in-military-medical-training-a-meta-synthesis-of-research-outcomes
#13
Amber S Linde, Jona Caridha, Kevin J Kunkler
Background: In fiscal year 2012, the Medical Simulation and Information Sciences Research Program released two Skills Decay (SD) research program announcements (PAs) under the Medical Readiness Initiative entitled "Medical Practice Initiative Breadth of Medical Practice & Disease Frequency Exposure (MPI-BMP)" and the "Medical Practice Initiative Procedural Skill Decay and Maintenance (MPI-PSD)." The Office of Naval Research also released a PA entitled "Medical Modeling and Simulation (MM&S) for Military Training and Education...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378667/saving-lives-at-birth-development-of-a-retrospective-theory-of-change-impact-framework-and-prioritised-metrics
#14
Marek Lalli, Harriet Ruysen, Hannah Blencowe, Kristen Yee, Karen Clune, Mary DeSilva, Marissa Leffler, Emily Hillman, Haitham El-Noush, Jo Mulligan, Jeffrey C Murray, Karlee Silver, Joy E Lawn
BACKGROUND: Grand Challenges for international health and development initiatives have received substantial funding to tackle unsolved problems; however, evidence of their effectiveness in achieving change is lacking. A theory of change may provide a useful tool to track progress towards desired outcomes. The Saving Lives at Birth partnership aims to address inequities in maternal-newborn survival through the provision of strategic investments for the development, testing and transition-to-scale of ground-breaking prevention and treatment approaches with the potential to leapfrog conventional healthcare approaches in low resource settings...
January 29, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367778/design-and-implementation-of-a-professional-development-course-series
#15
Beth Welch, Joshua J Spooner, Kim Tanzer, Matthew R Dintzner
Objective. To design and implement a longitudinal course series focused on professional development and professional identity formation in pharmacy students at Western New England University. Methods. A four-year, theme-based course series was designed to sequentially and longitudinally impart the values, attributes, and characteristics of a professional pharmacist. Requirements of the course include: goal planning and reflective assignments, submission of "Best Works," attendance at professional meetings, completion of service hours, annual completion of a Pharmacy Professionalism Instrument, attendance at Dean's Seminar, participation in roundtable discussions, and maintenance of an electronic portfolio...
December 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329291/ovule-identity-mediated-by-pre-mrna-processing-in-arabidopsis
#16
Encarnación Rodríguez-Cazorla, Samanta Ortuño-Miquel, Héctor Candela, Lindsay J Bailey-Steinitz, Martin F Yanofsky, Antonio Martínez-Laborda, Juan-José Ripoll, Antonio Vera
Ovules are fundamental for plant reproduction and crop yield as they are the precursors of seeds. Therefore, ovule specification is a critical developmental program. In Arabidopsis thaliana, ovule identity is redundantly conferred by the homeotic D-class genes SHATTERPROOF1 (SHP1), SHP2 and SEEDSTICK (STK), phylogenetically related to the MADS-domain regulatory gene AGAMOUS (AG), essential in floral organ specification. Previous studies have shown that the HUA-PEP activity, comprised of a suite of RNA-binding protein (RBP) encoding genes, regulates AG pre-mRNA processing and thus flower patterning and organ identity...
January 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320160/efforts-aimed-to-reduce-attrition-in-antimalarial-drug-discovery-a-systematic-evaluation-of-the-current-antimalarial-targets-portfolio
#17
María Jesús Chaparro, Félix Calderón, Pablo Castañeda, Elena Fernández-Alvaro, Raquel Gabarró, Francisco Javier Gamo, María G Gómez-Lorenzo, Julio Martín, Esther Fernández
Malaria remains a major global health problem. In 2015 alone, more than 200 million cases of malaria were reported, and more than 400,000 deaths occurred. Since 2010, emerging resistance to current front-line ACTs (artemisinin combination therapies) has been detected in endemic countries. Therefore, there is an urgency for new therapies based on novel modes of action, able to relieve symptoms as fast as the artemisinins and/or block malaria transmission. During the past few years, the antimalarial community has focused their efforts on phenotypic screening as a pragmatic approach to identify new hits...
April 13, 2018: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309204/toxicological-and-ecotoxicological-properties-of-gas-to-liquid-gtl-products-2-ecotoxicology
#18
Graham F Whale, James Dawick, Christopher B Hughes, Delina Lyon, Peter J Boogaard
Gas-to-liquid (GTL) products are synthetic hydrocarbons produced from natural gas using a catalytic process known as the Fischer-Tropsch process. This process yields a synthetic crude oil that consists of saturated hydrocarbons which can subsequently be refined to a range of products analogous to those obtained from petroleum refining. However, in contrast to their petroleum-derived analogs, GTL products are essentially free of unsaturated or aromatic compounds and do not contain any sulfur-, oxygen-, or nitrogen-containing compounds...
April 2018: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297394/appropriateness-and-timeliness-of-care-seeking-for-complications-of-pregnancy-and-childbirth-in-rural-ethiopia-a-case-study-of-the-maternal-and-newborn-health-in-ethiopia-partnership
#19
Lynn M Sibley, Yared Amare, Solomon Tesfaye Abebe, Mulusew Lijalem Belew, Kemeredin Shiffra, Danika Barry
BACKGROUND: In 2014, USAID and University Research Co., LLC, initiated a new project under the broader Translating Research into Action portfolio of projects. This new project was entitled Systematic Documentation of Illness Recognition and Appropriate Care Seeking for Maternal and Newborn Complications. This project used a common protocol involving descriptive mixed-methods case studies of community projects in six low- and middle-income countries, including Ethiopia. In this paper, we present the Maternal and Newborn Health in Ethiopia Partnership (MaNHEP) case study...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233393/assessing-self-assessment-practices-a-survey-of-u-s-colleges-and-schools-of-pharmacy
#20
James S Wheeler, Sharon L K McDonough, Tracy M Hagemann
OBJECTIVE: This study quantifies and describes student self-assessment approaches in colleges of pharmacy across the United States. METHODS: Faculty members identified as assessment directors from college websites at U.S. colleges of pharmacy were electronically surveyed. Prior to distribution, feedback and question validation was sought from select assessment directors. Surveys were distributed and recorded, via Qualtrics® survey software and analyzed in Microsoft Excel® ...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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